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SOUTHERN iEGIS, j
A. W. BATEMAN, Editor. BEL AIR, MD., Friday, January 16, 1563. (K?-Tht! “ Smilliern /tv;i9” lias a more extended cir culntinn among the intelligent farmer* and busincs* men of Haniml, th.in nny other paper in Hie county. No 41 Lick Hospital” or other obscene nr 44 Lottery” adver llßcmei.is will appear in our columns at any price. A large number or our nuliFCiibem pay lor their paper in ml vance, and consequently are Just the class advertisers de sire to reach. Thu attention of respectable and legitimate advertisers is directed to the above facts. To Correspondents. . All communlcaliniu (or publication must be acorn pained with (he real name ol the author, or no atten tion will he paid to them. The real name of the author will not be published unless desired, bit we cannot consent to insert communications unless we know the wrlti r. WAR NEWS. Late Richmond papers say that there were fifty five Fcdoral transports at Newbern, North Caroli na, on Wednesday last. A large fleet of war steamers also reported at Beaufort. The Confed erate gunboat Merrimoc is below Fort Darling, on the James river. A despatch from Vicksburg, dated the Bth inst., to the Confederate War Department, says that the latest information received indicates that the Federal transports have gone up the river.— Vicksburg is said to be daily growing stronger. The Confederates claim to have taken ten thou sand prisoners in less than a month, in the Southwest. Advices from the Federal army above Vicks burg state that the forces were withdrawn from the Yazoo river on the 2d'inst., the Confederate position fronting the river having been found to be impregnable. The army on the 3d was on board the transports at Millikeu’s Bend, four milcs.above the mouth of the Yazoo, and about nine above Vicksburg. The Fedsral loss in the battle is estimated at from twenty-five hundred to three thousand killed, wounded and prisoners. T1 e Confederate loss is not known. The South ern array has been reinforced and is now about sixty thousand strong, supported by one hundred and sixty guns in batteries, beside field artillery. At a council of war held on board one of the transports it was decided that, in view of the rapid reinforcements of the Confederates, it was inexpedient to renew the attack on Vicksburg.— The army will proceed to operate against some other point. The intelligence from the Gulf of Mexico is highly important. About four months since Galveston, Texas, was occupied by the Federal troops, and some vessels lay in the harbor to pro tect them. On the Ist, instant the Confederates attacked the Federal forces by land and water, and succeeded in capturing the steamer Harriet Lane, and all the land forces, numbering some two hundred. The flag-ship Westfield was blown up to prevent her falling into the hands of the Confederates. Some very severe fighting took place before the surrender of the Harriet Lane, and the Federal loss is estimated at from one bundled and fifty to one hundred and sixty killed and wounded. The Confederate loss be lieved to be much greater. Several of the Feder al fleet escaped, aud had arrived below New Or leans, but one of the vessels remained to cruise off the harbor to prevent the Confederates send ing their prize to sea. Gen. Magrudcr comman ded the Confederate forces engaged in the affair, and reports to Richmond that he captured six hundred prisoners and a large quantity of stores, arms, etc., and that the Harriet Lane was but litte injured. He makes no statement of the Confederate loss. Important news is received through Southern sources. Richmond journals of the 9th instant have a despatch from Kinston, North Carolina, stating that the Federal array in that State are making preparations for an advance. Reinforce ments arc daily arriving, and the Federal forces at Newbern and Morehend city now number fifty thousand, under command of General Foster.— It is believed that movements will be made sim ultaneously against Charleston, South Carolina, and Wilmington, Weldon and Beaufort, in North Carolina. General Bragg has (alien back to Tullahoma, which is said to be a place posses sing some important military advantages. The Crittenden Compromise. By request of some of our subscribers, we pub lish this week a letter of Ex-Governor Bigler, of Pennsylvania, in regard to the defeat of the Crittenden Compromise. This letter was writ ten just previous to the Pennsylvania election, and in answer to a letter of a number of gentle men of Clearfield county, in that State, asking of Governor Bigler, who was a United States Senator at the time, a history of the causes which led to the defeat of the measure. Mr. Bigler, In his reply, gives a detailed history of the whole affair, w'bich is well worthy the peru sal of every man who has not had an opportuni ty to inform himself as to the causes which brought about the defeat of this great peace measure. Be shows plainly enough, by the extracts from the Senate Journal, that its defeat was brought about by the action of the Republican Senators. Bat why go to Senate* Journals to prove, the otter faithlessness of the Republican leaders, when we have the history of the last two years before us 7 Where and instance have thpy or any one of them, done an act calculated in the slightest degree to allay the excitement and alarm which has pervaded the public mind for the last two years. Uhbtsd States Sebatobs.— The Hon. Jamc A. Bayard, Democrat, was re-elected, on thes ninth instant, by the Legislature of Delaware, to the United States Senate, for six years from the fourth of March next. The Legislature of Illinois, on the 12th in stant, by 0 large vote, elected (be Hon. William A. Richardson, to the United States Senate lor six j'ears. The vote stood, Richardson, Dcmo cr.t, GG ; Yales, Republican, 37. The Hon. Charles R. Buckalow bus been elect ed to the United States Senate by the Legisla ture of Pennsylvania. He will like the place of the Hon. David Wllraot, whose term expires on the third of March nest. Thb'New York Weekly Abgus—will compare favorably with the ablest journals in the coun try. In politics, in literature, in business and finance, in agricultural information, in general news, and especially in the completeness and ac curacy of its reports of the money, produce, cat tle and other markets, it has no superior. The Argus is strongly Democratic, and ably edited, and is issued every Thursday morning, on the following terms : Single copies, $3; three copies, $5; eight copies, §lO, and twenty copies to one address for one year, §2O. Letters, whether containing remittances or otherwise, should bo directed to Comstock & Cassidy, corner of Broadway and Park Place, New York. Abstract of Gov. Seymour’s Message. Governor Seymour sent in his message to the Now York Legislature on the 7th of January. On the subject of national affairs he says : Not only is the national life at stake, but every personal, every family, every j sacred interest involved. The truths of! our financial aud military situation must not be kept back. There must be no at tempt to put down the free expression of public opinion. STATE RIGHTS. The Governor says: The National Constitution must be held inviolate j aud he contends that the rights of the States must bo respected as not less sacred. There are differences of opinion ! as to the dividing line between State and National jurisdiction, hut there can be none as to the existence of such separate jurisdiction, each covering subjects of le gislation and jurisprudence essential to the public security and welfare. (A con solidated Government in this vast country would destroy the essential home rights and liberties of the people.) The sover eignties of the States, except as they arc limited by the Constitution, can never be given up. Without them our Govern ment cannot stand. It was made and it van be changed by State agency. This is shown by the following provisions of the instrument itself: ‘‘The ratifications of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient to the estab lishment of (he Constitution between the States so ratifying the same.’’ Again, three-fourths of the Slates can add to or take away from the powers of 1 the General Government, by demanding a Convention in which amendments can be proposed, which, if ratified by three fourths of the States, become parts of the Constitution. While they can thus take away or add to its p >wer, the General Government can in no way touch one right of the States or invade tlieir jurisdiction. The obligations which rest upon the States to respect the constitution, laws and authorities of the general Government, also demand that the General Govern ment shall show equal respect for tne rights and constituted authorities of the States. To State legislation and authorities we look for the good order of society, the se curity of life and property, the protection of our homes, and all that is nearest and dearest to us in the relations, duties and actions of life. It is dangerous and de moralizing to show contempt for the State authorities and laws. It undermines •alike the foundations of State and Nation al Government, by breaking up the social system. If home laws are not respected, the more general authority will not be re garded. ARBITRARY ARRESTS. On the subject of arbitrary arrests, lie says: Our people have therefore viewed with alarm practices and pretensions, on the part of officials, which violate every prin ciple of good order, of civil liberty, and of coustitutiona 1 law. It is claimed that, in time of war, the President has powers, us commander-in-chief of our armies, which authorize him to declare martial law, not on ly within the sphere of hostile movements, where other law cannot be enforced, but also over our whole laud. That, at his pleasure, he can disregard not only the statutes of Congress, but the decisions ot I the national judiciary; that, in loyal States, the least intelligent class of offi cials may bo clothed with power not only to act as spies and iufo r mers, but, also, without due process of law, to seize and imprison our citizens, and carry them be yond the limits of the State, to bold them in prisons without a bearing or a knowl edge of the offences with which they are charged. Not only the passions and pre judices of these inferior agents lead them to acts of tyranny, but their interests are advanced and their positions secured by promoting discontent and discord. Even to ask the aid of counselhus been held us an offence. It has been well said that “to be arrested for one knows not what; to be confined no one entitled to ask where; to be tried no one can say when, by a law no where known or established ; or to linger out life in a cel ! without trial, presents a body of tyranny which cannot be enlarg ed. Tlio suppression <jf journals and impri sonment of persons has been glaringly partisan. Conscious of these gross abuses, an attempt has been made to shield the violators of law and suppress inquiry into their motives and conduct. This attempt will fail. Unconstitutional aciscaumt be shielded by unconstitutional laws. Such attempts will n>,t save the guilty, while they will bring a jest condemnation upon those who try to pervert the powers of legislation to the purposes of oppression. To justify sucli action by precedents drawn from the practice of Governments where there is no rclraint upon legislative power will be of no avail under our sys tem, which restrains the Government and protects the citizens by written constitu tions. ‘T shall not inquire what right (he Stales in rebellion have forfeited ; but I deny 'hat this rebellion can suspend a sin gle right of the citizens of the loyal States. I denounce the doctrine that, civil war in the South takes away from the loyal North the benefit of one principle of civil liberty. It is a high crime fo abduct a citizen of J this State. It is made my duty by the Constitution to see that the laws are en forced. 1 shall investigate every alleged violation of our statutes, and see that the offenders are brought to justice.” [Sher- I iffs and District Attorneys are admonished I that it is their duty to lake care that no I persons within their respective counties • j arc imprisoned or carried by force beyond their limits without duo process of legal authority.] ■ MARTIAL LAW. The claim of power under martial law is not only destructive of the right of States, but it overthrows the legislative and judicial departments oft! c General Government. It assorts for the President more power, as the bead of the army, than as a representative ruler of the peo ple. This claim has brought discredit upon us in the eyes of the world. It has strengthened the hopes of the rebellion.— It has weakened the confidence of loyal States. It tends to destroy the value of our Government in the minds of our peo ple. It leads to discord and discontent at the North, while it has united and in vigorated the South. If there is necessity which justifies that policy, lot us openly and honestly say there is a necessity which justifies a revolution. But this pretension is not put forth as a necessity which overleaps for a time all restraints, and which is jus tified by a great exigency j it is a theory • which exalts the military power of the President above bis civil and constitution al rights. It asserts that he may, in his discretion, declare war, and then extin guish the State aud National Constitutions by drawing the pull of martial law over our vast country. * * * There is little to fear in periods of peace and posperity. If we arc not protected when there arc popular excitement and convulsions, our Govern ment is u failure. If Presidential procla mations arc above the decisions of the courts and the restraints of the Constitu tion, then that Constitution is a mockery.! If it has nut the authority to keep the I Executive within its restraints, then it j cannot retain States within the Union.— j These who hold there is no sanctity in the Constitution, must equally hold that there ' is no guilt in the rebellion. “Wo cannot be silent and allow these practices to become precedents. They are as much iu violation of our Constitution as the rebellion itself, and more dangerous to our liberties. They hold out to the Executive every teiuptatiou of ambition to make and prolong war. They offer despotic power as a price for preventing peace They arc inducements to each ad ministration to produce discord and incite armed resistance to law, by declaring that the condition of war removes all constitu-. tional restraints. They call about the na tional capital hordes of unprincipled men, who find in the wreck of their country the opportunity to gratify avarice or ambition, or personal or political resentments. This theory makes the passion and ambition of an administration antagonistic to the in terest and happiness of the people.. It makes the restoration of peace the ah-1 dilution of more than regal authority in } the hands of those to whom is confided the government of our country. The Governor declares that the Presi dent Emancipation Proclamation is im politic, unjust aud unconstitutional, calcu lated to create many barriers to the res toration of the Union, and to be miscon strued by the world us an abandonment of I the hope of restoring it—a result to which New York is unalterably opposed, and which will be effectively resisted ; The Emancipation Proclamation in Illi nois. A dispatch from Springfield, Illinois, states that one of (be largest and most en thusiastic democratic meetings over assem bled in the capital of that State took place there on tbo sth instant, to express their views of (he President’s emancipation proclamation. A committee on resolu tions was appointed, consisting of one from each congiession.il district and three from the Sti-tc at large, who reported the follow ing, which was unaniuuusly adopted: licnohid, That ilie emancipation pro clamation of the President of the United Stales is us unwarranted iu military as in civil law; a gigantic usurpation, at ouco convertiug the war, professedly commen ced by the administration for the vindica tion of the authority of the constitution, into a crusade for the sudden, uncondi , Tonal and violent liberation of three mil i' lions of negro slaves —a result which 11 would not ordy hj a total subversion of , 1 the Federal Union, but a revolution in * the social organization of the Southern i States, the immediate and remote, the i present and far-reaching consequences of i which cannot bo contemplated without f the most dismal foreboding of horror and , dismay. The .proclamation invokes scr i vile insurrection as an element in the i emancipation crusade —a means of war i fare thu inhumanity and diabolism of ■ which arc without example in civilized 1 1 warfare, and which we denounce, and • i which the civilized world will denounce, jas an ineffaceable disgrace to the Ameri ; | can name. . | The meeting was addressed by Col. ■ Richardson, R. T. Merrick, Judge Mur , shall, W. C. Goudy and I. N. Norris, who i were enthusiastically applauded though i out. They were all vigorous in their do , nuticialions of the proclamation. For the Southern JEgis. [ The White Man and the Negro. 1 Mr. Editor : I presume you have read j the President’s message to Congress—l ( j have, and I think he is affected with “uc ; gro mania ; ’ because, his message begins 1 with the “nigger and ends with the “uig -1 gcr.” I wonder if the President ever read the book called “Negro Mania j” if he has not, I <>an lend him the book, I which will teach him that the negro is not equal, in intelligence, or in any man j tier, to the white man ; for. the real negro ■ is found in the interior of Africa, where it , white man cannot live, therefore, I con ■ aider the negro is a distinct race from the - white man, though I believe both are un ’ der the providence of God, and thu negro will have loss to answer for, in it future stale, than the white titan, because he lias less intelligence. Rut it appears, if I , know anything, (hat God designed the | negro should bo brought to this country, in slavery, so that ho should he civilized j and Christianized. Talk of freedom ! : j Why, “liberty and labor go hand in hand, I and no man can have liberty unless he la ! hors.” I have found it so. ■| Can a white man labor in the South? I I No—why it is foolishness to talk about it : Do you know why the negro can labor in llie South, or hot climate, and a white ■ man cannot? . The reason is very obvi ous, if Mr. Lincoln and 'his Abolition f j friends will think or apply their philoso | pity. For argument, wo will say, and 1 1 which must be admitted, that the negro j will radiate or throw off eight degree i of heat or caloric more than the white ! man under the saute climate The white ! man will radiate or throw off but little j heat—not more titan two degrees; hence the white man, from oppressive beat, will die, and the “nigger” survives under la bor in a hot climate. Furthermore the negro’s skin is more delicate, more porous, l&c., than the white man’s and will, by I perspiration, carry off more heat, under a I hot sun, titan the white man; lienee the j uritnus effluvia arising from the tody of the negro. Did you ever hear of a black bear nr black fowl of any kind being found in the extreme North.? No—and why?— Because Providence has made them white in the North, to retain caloric or heat from being evolved, and lienee retain the heat of the body, (animal or fowl.) As you go South, you will find the black bear and black fowls so constituted, by a po rous skin, &e., as to radiate or throw off the caloric or heat. If a negro goes North, he dies of con gestive disease—and why ? Because the pores of his skin arc closed by the action of cold upon the surface of his body,which determines the blood to the internal or gans—viscera, lungs, Ac., and brain ; and in seven cases out of ten, ho will die, un less particular cure in nursing is taken, to supply the necessary heat aud cleanness to his body. .But whoever heard of a I ■ negro being well nursed in the Northern I | States?" Then if he recover front conges- j I live disease, his brain ‘is continually in-j volt ed, and he becomes idiotic, as the great Calhoun said, in describing (he con dition of the negro iu the North. Hero I may say that the mulatto (from mvlo, mulus —a mule,) partaking of the] nature of a mule, will bear the cold of the; North better than the negro, because his skin is more white, and therefore will re tain the caloric or heat of the body more than the negro, and of course will live longer in a Northern climate than the ne gro. But hero permit mo to remark, if the mulatto, being the descendant of the mised blood of the white and blJck races, continue to intermarry with each other, (hey will become extinct in any climate, from emaciation, disease, &c. Not like the mule, becoming extinct in the first generation, but in the third, or at.furthest in the fourth generaliou they will Leconte extinct. But if a mulatto matrics a ne gro, and so on infinitely, their progeny will become black us the negro; likewise, if a mulatto marries into the white race infinitely, their progeny will become white. What race of humanity will you call them ? We must leave the question to a naturalist to determine. Can it he the Anglo-Saxon ? I don’t know. So, I think if the North succeed in freeing all the “niggers” of thu South, they hnd hotter take them homo to the , North, and then the Abolitionist can ■ amalgamate with llio negro, and the off ■ spring mulatto marry at/ infinitum with i t ho white Aholitioni-t. which will bring i | their progeny hack to he white men and i I white women, atfil in that way they can i extinguish the black race in ihis country. : It is all nonsense for Mr. Lincoln and f his abolition friends—indeed, I think it is cruel, and against the providence of God I j—for them to attempt to free the negroes -of the South by war ou the South, as the t “nigger” was happy in his condition be - fore the Abolitionist disturbed his repose, f It appears from the Proclamation, and I Message too, of the President, if I under* 1 stand - them, that the object of the present , war is to free the negroes in the so-called ■ Confederate or Slave States. Now, I would advise the Aduhiistration of our ■ Government, if I had a voice, to make - peace, under a fair compromise, and stop > the effusion of blood and of • treasure. S. The Rebel Bombshell. The Providence (11. I ) Post places the above head over its remarks ou the late • proclamation of President Davis. The j Post goes on to .say : It is called forth by the butcheries s | and barbarities of that disgrace to civiliza •j tiou, Benjamin F. Butler, by the grace of r I Abraham Lincoln, a Major General of f Volunteers, and commander of a depart ment in the Federal army; and by the ’ emancipation proclamation of the Presi *l dent of the United States. -1 The proclamation of Davis is plainly >! an earnest affair, and not a joke. An , | abolition correspondent of the New York ; Post makes haste to say that it is looked '! upon at Washington as an effort to fright : en the President from his purpose of is • suing a final emancipation .edict on the • first of January. Such an idea is absurdi : ty itself. Davis knows better what is go -5 iog on in the White House than wc “com • mon people’ the North do; and uiuluubt !jcdly, his missile was held back until he 1 j ascertained for a certainty that the first of h January edict was fully determined upon. j Undoubtedly also, lie ascertained the fcel ! ing and opinion of foreign governments "| on tins subject, before faking the step lie has now taken. It was only a week or , two ago that Mr. Slidell, at Paris, wasrep j resented as saying, that Europe considered ! the emancipation proclamation as virtually ! j raising the black flog, ami have little doubt that he spoke the sentiments of 1 i France, if not of Europe. No the Rebel proclamation is not a joke, nor a threat, but a sober reality. It does not come to us at a time and under cir cumstances to justify the inference which 1 fanatics would have us draw from it. We I submit that the Rebels are not just now ■in such desperate circumstances as such an inference would imply. They are not ,on their knees suing for mercy. They did not suffer a terrible defeat at Frcd- I I erieksburg. They are not flying before i our triumphant armies in Tennessee and | Kentucky. They are not despondent and -| trembling, and pleading for more lenient ;j dealing. I The proclamation is the reasonable fruit of just such conductas it attributes to Gen eral Duller. And the picture which Da vis has drawn of Duller, we acknowledge with shame, is a true one. Much more, 1 to our disgrace, might have been said of the brutal and fiendish management of Duller—all of which has bc'm, to our ” knowledge, thoroughly understood by 'j President Lincoln for weeks, and most of ,; it for months. What effect the proclama tion will have hero, wo shall not attempt jto guess. Our belief is, that it will pro duce no very good or evil results. Such of our officers us have the misfortune to tall into Confederate hinds will suffer; but Father Abraham, fully satisfied that his emancipation scheme will usher in the millennium in niueiy days, will jog right along. On the Bih instant, nt the residence of the (•ride’s father, l.y Bee. T. S. Sniilh. JAS. T. I MEADS, of Harford comity, lo Miss EMILY J. HUGHES, of Baltimore county. ©I ED, At his residence, near Shawsville, in this j County, on the twenlv-ninlh day of December 18G2, CHARLES ROBINSON, in the ninetieth year of his age. In Amador county, California, on (|| C 11th of Decembe.l, WILLIAM FINNEY, Jr., son of Wil liam and Margaret Finney. The final summons found him far from homo but kindly cured for by many Christian friends’. At his father’s residence in Marshall's District, on the Nth day of December, ]862, THOMAS TURNER, youngest son of Eli and Ellen Turner, in the tweuty-fifili year ofbis age. How mournful fail those nolca ofrgricf A dear loved brother dies; ' No mdtjal can afford relief, Nor calm the last deep sigh. And though how cruel is tbv doom, His gentle spirit lied, And he’s now lodged within Ihe tomb, And sleeping with ibe dead. None could artcsl death’s potent arm, Nor change thc-tyrant’s aim, E’en youth and beauty could not charm Love’s holiest tics were vain, ’ Brother, the hope in heaven we’ll meet again, 0 1 this must yield repose, Nor death distrese that blissful scat. And there hie dart ne’er throws.