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T E LICIANA DE1MOC T
BY G. ~. REES. : 1 CLINTON, LA. SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 1855, VL' v . 1. TERMS. Tim "IFELICIANA DEMOCRAT4 will be libhed every W I An ST , at TN EE Dollarp or nanum, payable In a Tdve.a op oa will rb hrnlshed for FIVE DOLIRS. Anv3RTfONMICN'I insertwd at One Dolr per esre T W E V ! lines or lea,) for thein ert d fifty cents for each subioquont . The Pee for announcing a candida for oce will bTEN Dollars, payble advn . REEE. -CA-DS, PROFESSIO L, &c. JoeH McViA.Clinton. CIARs. IA. Jackson. JOHN & CIHARLES VEA, Attorneys It La al4 CLINTON AND J KSON. LA. AMxes Wt. w. sAMYORn. WELSHi & SAM RD, Attorneys at CLI ON LA. W ILL attend promptly to huines en trusted to their care in t Parishes of East and West Fellciana, East ton Rouge, nd St. Helena. Orrca in Clinton, on the Ea side of the ublic S .unr.. a, W. FERGUS KER N, A orney ad Consaello t aw W..ILL ATTEND promptly all busineas TV intrusted to him in the Pa es os East Feliciana, and St. Ilenan. L mfr 28 JAMES B. SMIT Attorney sa oonnsellorI Law C RON. AA. W.IILL ATTEND husiness in .t and West V Feliciana,annd St. HIelena. mar 28 JOHN M. ROBER$, Attorney at Law, OrFICE: MAIN STREET. mar 28 C TON. LA. BOWMAN & DE E, Attornies and counsello t Law, CLINTON, LA. A LL BUSINESS entrusted their care 1 will be promptly attended to RzrFRENCzs:-Messrs. Onkey Hawkins, J. B. Byrne o. mar 28 N.lOnr.LcAs. Attornies and counsellort Law, mar 28 .TON, LA. JA . FUQUA. . KIR0no:R. FUQUA &K KILB RNE, Attorneys at L , L. -.TILLr practice in the Courtar East and rV West Baton Rouge, andSt. Helena Parishes. april 8 HENRY IHAWFOI, Justice of the Peace k Noty Public, CLINTON, LA. Office on the North side of the lic Square. ·---- ----- ---- ----- ·- - --4--- - JAMES WELSI Notary Publio and Autoneer. C, INTON, 14. ~T ILL attend promptly to allusiness en WT trusted to him. OPrrJu; North Eaust Corner Othe Public Square. april 8 DR. F. R. HARV~r, (ONTINUES the practice of I profession, C and respectfully tenders his *ices to the citizens of Clinton anw vicimiity. mnr 28 Da. C. H. PORT,. DESPECTFULLY offnrs hi rvfessional services to the citizens of Cion and its vicinity. He can always be font when not engaged, at the Drug Store of SanltRn on Brick Row. Omar 28 E. L. HAYGO000 Auotioneer,---ClintonLta. W~TILL give prompt attention ithe sale of SReal Estate and Personal Pbtrty, with. in the Parish of East Feliciana. Business solicited. Office: Cli n. a8 OAKEY & HAWK Factors ani Gn oral Comm!ssoo erchants, No. 90 GRAVIER ST T, I NIE RLEANS. 1?EG to offer their services to nters and IB Merchants, and promise a tion and promptness to all consignments rusted to their care, a 8 MICAJAI HARlR Cotton Factor k Commission erohant, No, 58 ORAVIER STIET, mar 27 W r WM. KEI.NAUHIA Imaporter, and VWholesale and tetanealer In Wathhsa, Jewelry, Cuy, GUNS, PISTOLS, & FANC OOODS, NO. 65 CANAL STREI mar 28 NEW THRANR. Verandah' Hotel, Corner of Common ond St. Charl treets, NEW LEANS. SW Prices reduced to the old S ard..t@ mar 28 JOHN GALPIN, prietor. 8. . DAIEY. EI. . /AI.AILAI. E. M. DALEY & Cs Commission & Forwarding Iohants, AND WLOI.IALF, DEALERIS WESTERN PROD CE, 67 Tehoupltoulas Street NOW1 O ANS. Ur.Liberal advances made on gnments, The bemooraoy. *In" spite of the painful spectacle which the agitated and up-normal state of public feeling now presents to our country, no one, conversant with our political history, or who has observed the sudden reverses that have befallen the various parties which have hitherto divided popular opinion and slt' timent, eatoel any apprehension in regard to the finaT triumph of Democracy over de magogucism, of truth and progress over ig norance and fa ticism. Though at times, apparently sh ed into fragments, it soon resumes its p Ine form and strength, its broken columns wheel into line again, to present ka firm united front. No, the Dem ocratic party can never crumble-it is the corner stone on which rests the fair struc ture of our Republiaen Government. Like one of those gigantic piles which loom out in the horizon, its base, though lashed by the angry surges oT li sea, stands firm and un moved, looking on with unconcern, as it were, on the futile attacks directed against it; while its apex, reared proudly aloft, serves as a beacon to the deluded wanderer, a signal of consolation and of rest to the oppressed and persecuted of every clime. Like the Titans of yore, the Democracy, though worsted in the conflic, rises superi or to its foe, and derives strength from its fall. Such has ever been the case, and ]a son and experience prove it. We have seen it defeated in 1840, and sweeping the country in '44. In 1848, the prestige of a popular name and the gallant military reputation of the Whig standard bearer, combined with manifold treacheries in our ranks, inflicted on it a defeat from which our opponents thought it would nev er recover. At that time profound seers prophesied its downfall, and declared its power an4influence extinct. Yet, how un founded were their vaticinations. Who does notrememher' the tornado which swept over the land at the last Presidential elec tion, and the almost unanimous verdict of the Nation in behalf of Democratic men and Democratic measures. As it' was then, so it is now, and so it will- beI f1i i.-fact which must have at tracted tlhe attention of every observant mind, that the Democratic party is never so powerful as when it appears weak. We have not forgotten the astonishing fact which occurred in New Orleans and the State, at the last Presidential election, and which is fully corroborative of what we have just assorted. At that period, the City Government was in the hands of our political opponents-the whole police, un der the direction of an autocracy, was made to move like a powerful though ponderous machine, in support of Gen. Scott. They had acquired some prestig. by the brilliant victories which they had achieved in elect ing from the city an almost unanimous Whig delegation to the State Convention, and in securing an overwhelming large majority in the joint branches of the city councils.- Every thing seemed to prosper and to go on swimmingly with them. They were conli dent of success in the City and State, so muce so, as to offer heavy bets, with heavy odds on extremely large majorities. The Democratic party, on the other hand, seem ed crippled in its resources, unable to stir and to make an effort. Patronage it had none to give. All was in the hands of' its' opponents. Influence? None, except that which a good cause and sacred principles, always exert. It prepared itself for the contest, however; quickly and without os tentation its faithful followers nerved them selves to perform yeoman service, trusting in the judgment ofthe masses and the good ness of their cause. What was the result? In spite of their influence, their bribes, their resources and their patronage, the co horts of Whiggery were laid low and the Democracy achieved a noble triumph. We mention these facts, in connection with the subject, to remind our opponents, that the lessons of the past, and the warn ings of experience should not pass by them unheeded. We stigmatize as insincere, the assertion that the Democratic party is no more. They know it is not. If such was the case, why do they take so much pains to trumpet forth their transient victories? Why do they make such efforts to combine and fuse with the numerous and nonsensical "isms" of the day? Why are they so un scrhpulous in their means to attain their ends? The next Presidential contest will show whether the party is entirely deprived of vitality, and unable to resist the encroach ments about to be made on the constitution of our land by a ruthless band of fanatics. Then, when the bugle's note shall call us to the conflict, when the alarm shall sound from our watch towers, and urge each one to the support of the redeeming principles inscribed upon our banner, every American who loves his country, and contemns a low spirit of bigotry--every citizen who cher ishes in his bosom the sacred motto of our forefathers, " Civil and religious liberty" every patriot opposed tb prescription on account of the accident f birth, or of par ticular religious tenets, 01111 rush forward to the upholding and proteqtion of that party which has hitherto proved to our sacred Union a tower of strength and a bulwark of defence. In the incaiwhile, "We bide our time." The Democratioc Party Naturalzed Citzen It has been charged thlt it has been the habit of the Democracy ti make unworthy appeals to the citizens of broign birth, aid to enlist their support li endeavoring to foster among them a feelg of separate na tionality, which would teo to prevent their complete absorption into, ho general mass of citizens. The injusti of this charge, and the entire absence of any respectable proof to sustain it, must, we think, be ad mitted by every fair and well informed cit izen. We have nowhere seen a cleaner or more just statement of the position the Democracy has occupied, or ought to occupy, towards adopted citizens, than is contained in an able leader of the Washington Union from which the following extra&t is made. The doctrines are as admirable as they are true: " We repel, with earnestness, the imputa tion that the Democratic party has swerved in the slightest particular from its sound na tional and constitutional principles, for the purpose of securing the votes of our natu ralized citizens. It is a calumny upon our .arty which every member of it will repel, to say that it has sought, or ever will seek, to array the foreign against the native citi zens. When the Whigs combine with the Know-Nothings, upon principles of hostili ty to the rights and privileges guarantied by the constitution to naturalized citizens, it is natural that those citizens should feel aggrieved, and that they should sympathize and co-operate with the party which main tains their rights as inviolably protected by the constitution. This has been, and. will continue to be the policy of tle Democra cy; and it is 4his fharacteristicof our party which has appealed with so much force to the naturalized voters. It is not because our policy has been "incendiary," but that it has been conslitutionld, that recommends it self to them. " When the Democratic party arrays it self on the side of the rights and privileges of foreign citizens, it does not do so friom any preference of our foreign over our na tive population, but from a preference of those principles which respect and sustain the rights secured by the constitution, over those which disregard and proscribe those rights. If this preference has led them to adopt an "incendiary policy," in like man nor it led our fathers to incorporate an "in cendiary policy," into the constitution. That sacred instrument anthorizes Congress to confbr the rights of citizenship upon for eigners. The rights thus conferred, the Democratic piarty feel bound to concede to them, and not to embarrass their enjoyment by organizations based upon the doctrines of proscription and intolerance. The con stitution provides against the adoption of any religions test in respect-to eligibility to office. The I)emocratic party acknowl edges the obligation of this provision, and therefore resists any sect of religionists. They insist upon no more than the rights, and privileges secured to all naturalized cit izens and all religions adopted by the con-, stitution. They insist upon them not for the sake of the foreigners and re4igionists who are to enjoy them, but for the sake of the whole country, which is deeply interest ed in maintaining inviolate every provision of the constitution. "In taking ftrposition it shluld be care fully borne in ~ind that the Demo¢ptie party neither assnmes that the naturaiiza tion laws, as tiry now exist, are perfeot, nor that foreigners have not on son.feocea sions subjected themselves to just censures, nor that the Roman Catholic religion is ba sed upon the true Christian creed. Citi zenship is a boon granted to foreigners by the liberality of our institutions, 'and this fact cannot be too carefully weighed and appreciated by our foreign citizens. They shoulri constantly remember that the high privi.ages conceded to them have been grant ed upon the reasonable expectation that they would surrender their distinctive na tive nationalities, and become fused and as similated to our native citizens in all their feelings, sentiments and devotion to our lib oral institutions. It becomes them now, in view of the late significant expressions of popular feeling, to consider well whether in their past conduct they may not have giv en occasion to much of the opposition which exists against them. Native Amei are justly proud of their pirrogatlves, and they are naturally jealous of anything like foreign influence upon their Institutions. in those sentiments and feelings wepar ticipate to the fullest extent, and it is be cause we do that we so earnestly repel the imputation that the Democratic party has pursued, or will ever pursue, "an incendiary policy," in order to conciliate the foreign v6te. Naturalized citizens ought to see, ln the immense increase of foreign immigra tion within the last few years, legitimate reasons for an earnest investigation by na tive citizens of the probable influence of this increase of foreign population upon our institutions. This is a fair and legitimate silject for discussion; and if it shall result in the conviction that our naturalization laws are defective and require to be amend ed and reformed, the naturalized citizens ought neither to be surprised nor to com plain. It may be assumed as a fixed fact that tLe Native American population will never consent to any modification of the principles which characterize their instit, tions, and from whatever quarter they see danger of this kind they will be prompt to meet and repel it. When the suggestion is made that this danger lunks under the reli gious creed of the Catholics, it should be sifted to the bottom, and to such aninvesti gation none will contribute more than the Democracy. But when the civil and reli gious rights of naturalized citizens are as sailed upon mere prejudices, and thebarriers of the Constitution are broken down in or der that these prejudices may be made avail able for political ends, the Democratic par. ty will face the storm, even though it sees nothing but present defeat and disaster in the result. The Approaocing Crivsi. As the clouds which, for the first few hours after the conflict, always hang over the field of battle are rolled away and a faircr iuid clearer view is afforded of the scene which the issue presents, so it would appearr that the country is arriving at a juster conception of the controling influences in the late elections and can now appreciate more truthfully tha probable effect which the result of these conflicts is destined to have upon the future politics of the nation. It does not appear to our minds that any one cause operated in these elections with equal force, and at all points, against the Iupl)Irters of the present administration of the Federal Government. As we road the details, we think we can clearly perceive in what city, county or district, Whigism, An ti-Siaveiryism, Abolitionism, Anti-Nebraska i,.m, or Americanism, have respectively been the strongest element of snccess on the part of the opponents of the Democratic party and its actual chiefs. In some places all these various branches have, it is true been combined; but, in most instances, we do not perceive that their union was by any means complete. But be these speculations true or other wise, one fact stands forth which does not, we regret to say, admit of any doubt or misconception. The Democratic party prop or, in the States above named, is for the present prostrated by defeat. The question for consideration is, whether that defeat is' final, and precludes all reasonable hope of success in any effort which may be made to retrieve it? We are of those who believe that under existing institutions of the United States the 1)emuocratic party cannot die. Before that eveht could occur, there must take place a great and entire revolution, in public fool ing and all reverence for the past, and be lief in the policy which has met the popular I concurrence from the time of our national birth until now, must be obliterated from men's minds. When that period shall have arrived, the existing constitution will have ceased to command respect, and the con federacy will, as a matter of course, fall to pieces. . We have many reasons, satisfactory to our mind, but which we will not here set forth, for believing that the native vigor and energy of our Democratic party would read ily enable it to recover its lost ground and drive back as it often has done, its strong est foes, whenever a battle is to be fought upon any of the former questions which have divided political parties in the United States from 1789 to the present day; but as we endeavor to read the future we mutt conf6ss, that we are forced to the conclusion that such issues are not to be hereafter the source of political division to the same ex tent as they formerly were. As we gaze northward, there rises before our eyes a cloud, already much bigger than a man's hand, and which appears to be spreading with fearful rapidity over the whole of that section of the country; it is the black cloud which cabts upon the land scape the baneful shadow of Secti oaUI'. A shadow which blesre tU of all those ovr whom it , them blindto _everyo w olpk outline. The spirt of .te only foe thatwe have tr,, o strength need give us a moment's pause.- If, as we fear,It has seized on the ainds of the most of the people of the North, a ter; Aible and doubtful battle is before us, b be half of the Constitution of our common country, and of our f199 local rights and interests; for, the eftlet 'f Sectionalism must inevitably be, to render its disciples utterly indifferent to'.all obllgatlons en .jin. ed by the Constitution. The evidences of a general and wide spread determination on the pat of the mass of the Northern people, to wage a war against the rights, interests and prosperity of the lave-holding ttes are fenrfu1ly nu merous, and mustbe acknowledged now by those who were formerly most skepticaF their existence. If the feeling which generates, this' reckless hostility towards that portion of the Union whlclh has ever been foremost in its manifestations of reve rence for, and obedience to, the provisions of our commonbend of Union be nottoon checked, the most devotd iqeand of that Union will very soon br'ftoed into the ad. mission that its longer tet.itce will be in compatible with the most cherished inter ests or the self-respect, of the Southern States of the confederacy. . f course, these speculations are based on the upposition that thigr get exists at the South some feel ing of, Stae prid, ome low of local patri otism. If it beotherwie, and our people are so dead toevery feling of independence and manly courage ato suffer themselves to be absorbed, after a faint and reludmnt struggle, into the North, and to becomethe ready and eringing slaves to QJ1 Its arrogant and unreasonable demands, then the future of the Democratic party becomes to them a matter of so much' indifference, as it is, to those who till the sugar or cotton flelds.- If we surrender to the North on the points she so unjustly and wrongfully urges upon us; the form of government must from that moment be radically changed, for the pr.ee ent constitution will be utterly unsuited to the state of thing whio h will thenceforth prevail. For, instead of being Members of a confederacy of sovereign States, the South forgetful of all her past glories, and of all her dearest righta, will become the despi sed appanage of her relentless Northern conquerors. When will our people awake to a sense of the real danger which is hovering over them, by reason of this mad and bigotted sectionalism of the North? Will they rouse themselves in time to give :t successful bat tle, or will they lie supinely until their ene my shall, with one final spring, rush on then and stifle forever all pride, all independence, all vitality?-Courcis. THE FRENCH INDUBTRI#L EXIHIBITO..,- A Paris correspondent says that the ap proaching exhibition in Paris promises to be more brill nt and sucoessful than was anticipated by' the most sanguinS three months ago. All the continstal nations will be extensively repre od, In Great Britain only does the war s5 naively en. gross public attention as to interfere seri ously with the preparations of the Parie fair. Austria, which had seven hundred exhibith ors at the London fair, will have eighteen hundred at Paris; Prussia, which lad six hundred exhibitors at London, will have sixteen hundred at Paris. and even Switzer-. land will have more than dve hundred, Vouch. ng for the dignity of her positiop as a man ofacturing State. The United States has the place of honor in the exhibition. On entering the build ing by the grand entrance, the viastotr will advance at once into the American section. Great Britain will have a positionutponi the right and France upon the left. More than four thousand square fbetof space habeest assigned to the United States, and on the 284 of February last the Central Coamit. tee of American Commissioners had been notified of Intention'to ~phbit but by` six ty-fo ut Americans. The prospects were that the department wo Idnot be filled be. fore the time of opening. It is to be hoped that this will not be the os A should be well represented in u ibiqn e like that which is oofi g od in Paris, we trust that her citizens will be anterpi ing enough to send sa andidie show df goods to the fair. A dplay of American productions, sanufactu ho ad inventions might be made which woalAbe second to that of no other oouopay. om ThoD pofiran ofo Cincnnati have nominated i m.i 0. Faron for Mayor, a d have pssed reanoutions denouncing tho Know~Sothings. All tba candidatep for nomination were reqired to give usur maces that they were not ~* Wotngs.