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the current snake s(ory, and much ■lore attractive. Knowing that its watrons were principally among tho young of both ooxes.' and especially tho young women, that moot ' ' •lament of modern society started one trip of investigation. He was aimed with the, utmost resolution to expose the manufacturers in the «< an hurtful ingredient aud to fully explain the methods of its growth. Weird stories of refuse animal fat and other unsavory contigcnts were in his mind, and if there was any leaning whatever it was against tho use and in troduction of the gum. Upon application to ono factory, the reporter'was told to go through the building himself without a guide or es cort, and was given full permission to examine every box or department and question all bauds engaged on the premises. This easy confidence of tho proprietor rather disarmed suspicion, but the advantage was all the visitor's, the house had not been apprised and had no opportunity to get ready like a well regulated bank receiving the Government examiner. On the top floor fras found tho raw material. A negro engaged in empty ing it from sacks and shoveling it into a measure explained that it was a gum caiied i-liic'h. The chick,-which is the gun. of a Mexican tree, was about the color of new maple sugar or beeswax aud rather harder than either. In other bins was a darker gum which he explained was from the "sweet-gum" tree of Tenuossee. A barrel or two of paraffine white wax stood in another part of tho room, and with somo cans of b'lisam of loin completed the stores Or the floor beneath the first steps in the manufacture and, iit fact, all the simpb methods were gone through with. The chicli, which is tho basis of ali dark gums, so the boiler explained, was slowly stewing over a lire in a big caldron. On two large tables, clcau as the boards of n bakery, two negroes were kneading groat rolls of the gum "to gft it smooth." they said. As they worked it they occasionally put in some powdered sugar as a housewife works flour into her pastry dough. Now and then the guiu would stiffen and than a lever was used to manipulate It. In tbe big pot where the cliich was warming a man would occasionally indie a quantity of, the balsam of tola and these two articles, together with the sugar made up the entire combina tion of the gum. When perfectly I v r use to as JW» . S...V i.cmiCSMT UVO WJI* IIIOSL III deni; id. while in the North ami North west nd ibis middle section chicli and toln w-re the only saleable articles. In tbe K •! aild through the oil regions the current Cum was tin- pure white gum i: .id,- from 1 ho paraffine wax sweet ened with sugar and flavored withes senti.d oil. Parafljujj is a jiioduct ot . Tl is, in fact, ilie re ennlf ;ietroleuni fuse alter tho extraction of the coal oil ami is pr, the o|! is !s««il until all taste or -nicllof taken from it. it is used in laundries and wherever else a pure white wax is needed. In making it into guiu it is heated to aid the incor poration of the sugar and when cooled Is rut into cakes Sll:lJ,cs. These throe gums above described are. the basis of all the of various fancy gwn» now on the market. Their initial preparation is so simple that tin* process can hardly be- called a niiiiiitfaniure. They made attractive in a i' ways, from the highly to the seductive prlzo package. This Artistic dressing they receive at the are re of different olored chrome to so to bead waa quite fotimting.— 81. Louii Republican. EXAMINATION lb Ol DENTS. fanSsatl Whs Wen UaJasUy Aacnwd ot ' Copying Answers. The solemn nature ot an ordination examination is sufficient to insure a happy froodom from all attempts at uutrutbfulness or imposition, and con sequently an affectionate confidence takes the place of that suspicion which usually forms so painful an element in examinations. Unpleasant incidents hare, however, been known to cast a passing shadow upon such occasions oven in tho best regulated dioce'sos. H is said that a well known Bishop was once informed by h is exaniiuerst hat they hod roason to think two of the candi dates had been guilty of collusion. The Bishop looked at tho papers and saw that several of the questions had been answered by.both candidates In identi cal words. Feeling convinced that this was sufficient evidence of copying, he addressed all the candidates, and told them with what sorrow he had found that two gentlemen had been guilty of a deed so dishonorable as to disqualify them for holy orders. As, however, lie wished to spare himself and them the paiu of any investigation, he would leave it, lie said, to thoir consciences, and he trusted that no gentleman who had oopied would present himself again tlmt afternoon. In the afternoon, however, it was found that uo candidate was absent, and the Bishop again addressed them, saying that lie feared he had not made his meaning clear, and now lie would only say he hoped that the gentlemen who knew they had copied would think over what happened, and with draw from the examination next day. It is needless to say that some anxioty was felt among the candidates that night as to the effect of the Bishop's words, and it was with surprise that the next morning again it was found tlmt all were present. Then tho Bishop, fooling himself unable any longer to refrain from action, said: "I l-egrct that my kind intention to show consul* oration to the candidates has not been appreciated, aud my suggestion has not been acted upon. It bocomcs impossi ble for me, therefore, to spare you any longer. Mr. up." The two candidates on being named did stand up, and must Indignantly protested tlieireutiro innocence of such a charge. On being confronted with heir papers they explained the strange umilai'ity of their answers by the fact Imt both hud keen taught by the samo utoiv and had been made by him to earn by heart certain sentences which ic had dictated for the sake of accu •aev, and they had thus incurred sus ileion most unjustly. Examiners ought to be very careful est they should be templed to pro muncc lightly upon prima-faae evi lencc as to copying. I have been as ■ured by one of Her Majesty's in spec ors tluit upon one occasion lie was ooking through some papers sent by audidntes in Scotland, when he camo ipon a very singular answer. The ques ion was: -'Describe any rcmarkablo runs with which you may be acquaint 'd, and mention any particulars rciat ng to their history." To this a girl lad answered.' "Tho most remarka de min of which 1 have heard is that if tho South He a Bubble, as It was ■ailed," and sho then went on to give larticulai's of it The examiner was unused at this, as he thought, Scotch imitation of the idea of ruin, hut went >n with the papers. Presently he camo ipon the paper of a bother girl who had mswered tho question in exactly the amc words. "Here," he exclaimed, 'is a clear ease of copying." To his nrprlsc, however, he found on further nvcstigiitioii that one girl had written icr paper in Edinburgh and tho other n Glasgow at the samo timo .—Temple far. :ind Mr.-, stand Preparing for the Show. Youug Perkins had been paying ourt to a bill poster's daughter for somo time, but no engtige to come of it. Tho fnfli ement seemed er, becoming impatient, said to Perkins! finally. "Young man, when docs'your show open?" "I haven't any show. An Unseasonable Remedy. - ' "Doctor, I wish you could tell ms what to do for iny husband Charlie," said young Mrs. TMicr. "Wliat is tho trouble?'' "He's had a licadaenqfoi- thrfe whole hours, nnd nothing scorns to roliove him." \ . "Oh,a fly blister will fix Inin in afew minutes," said the doctor, after a few inquiries as to the symptoms. "Oil, doctor, how unfortunate!'' "What is that?" "Elios, you know, are all out of sea* son ."--Merchant Traveler. said Perkins. "I thought you bud, for you and Sue have been billing for sonic time back." Perkins took the hint, proposed and was accepted, and the show commenced not long after .—Texan Siftings. , fiWHBI t|Jh «f wvmJsg bttsr dot. stock during the cold weather is jut now occupying the attention if farm a* The experiments madsarp inter eatinfc.aad the rssults are almost uni vshafiy reported In favor of tha uee of ' i water. A correspondent sums evidence on the sutijeet thus: ■ kept In warm stables require rater than if they are kept in wblsSi so that this subject Is fa importance. A cow jiept inA Wiifa stable,-mid tweed out to drink ice-cold water, 88 degrees being 60 degrees lower Op makes a gnat contrast, wKicV muet give discomfort to the animal and loss to its owner. The profits pf forming are so small that it beoomc* necessary that all leaks ,nn the small shouM bs loojted after, even the small 4 ^ * like the one under discussion. In the reading of five agricultural papers, and in conversing with many farmers, I find all are unanimous in the opinion that our stock should be to provided with tepid or warm water, but the degree of temperature to which it should be raised becomes a question upon which Writers do not agree, or though none seem to know, or are pos itivc, varying in their, opinions from 60 to 118 degrees. An average opinion seems to be from 60 to 80 degrees. It is also agreed by all that in warming the water a saving is mado in the feed " if nothing more. Nearly all believe that there is a saving in flesh, milk, and < tbc manure-pile, in addition to the °" J CC( b 1 I have seeu but ono estimate of the value of feed saved daily per cow, and that was eight cents, which would amount to several millions of dollars in every State yearly, a sum worth saving: and this sun, be it remembered, is net gain, after .the expense of warming the of water is taken out. One writer says the he drew all tho water that forty cows air, drank for ono winter one mile from a spring, rather than have them drink ),ad from a river near by and he thought il m paid him well. . it The result of an experiment at an agri- p 0 cultural school m Franco showed an increase in milk.of.one-thud the water teri being warmed to 113 degrees. Other parties claim an increase of from 20 to ^ il 30 per cent At the Agricultural College in Kansas au experiment re suited in the increase of milk 8} per ing cent, the water being warmed to 65 degreos. Another experiment in my Franco showed an increase in milk of ftn three pints daily per cow by warmiug j the water instead of using pump All water. me Prof. J. P. Roberts, of Cornell Univer sity, says: "The water consumod by my two sets of cows, containing three ani mais each, was weighed for a period of thirteen days. One set drank an aver age of 110 pounds of cold water each day per cow, and the other sot an aver age of 120 pounds of warm water per cow each (lay." I have another state ment that cows will drink one-third mote when water is warmed to 80 deg rees than they will at 32 degrees, and that the milk will increase one fifth to one-one fourth and without deterioration. Another statement: "A cow that makes six pounds of butter a week on cold water will make seven ponnds if the water is warmed." As milk is from eighty to ninety per cent water, it is well to look after the quan tity, quality and temperature of the water consumed. A few years ago a Mr. Dancel com municated to tho French Academy of Sciences an experiment to show the in crease of milk by tlic increase of water consumed. He found when the same kind and amount of food was liberally moistened it produced more food thah when fed dry, and the milk was ad judged to be of as good quality. Again, Mr. Uanccl assorts that the yield of milk from cows is in direct proportion to the quantity of water taken. He al so says that cows which habitually drink less than twenty-seven quarts of water per day are necossarily poor cows. Such cows' will give from five to seven quarts of milk daily, while cows that drink fifty quarts prove to be excellent milkers. This experiment was tried in the summer. This subject is fraught with much importance to farmers, and it should receive due consideration. Here is an open field for some inventive genius to devise some apparatus for the warming of water for stock which shall combine four qualities, cheapness, durability, practicability and safety. There are a few devices for this purpose already bo fore the public which no doubt have merit s. —American Cultivator. It 33 warmer a than that of act any and of he to Une oil to the der He the and it, out ing Tho cell and with in the on his ery hair was Salting Butter with Brins. One of the chief requirements of brine (or saturated solution) salting of but ter is, tlmt tho salting shall be done when the globules are as distant its pos sible from each other, and as hard os fifty five degrees Fahrenheit will make thorn. It ia easy to sec that tho more loose tho butter grains are, tho more bri ! ,fl ^ wiU hol i l ", tho and the more perfectly each littlo globule will bo coated with its film of brine. The more the globules are merged into lumps, the less of ths saturation they will take up, as the center of these lumps will bo shut away from the penetration of the brine. It is wholly impossible to perfectly brine aalt butter after It is worked over, Washing and salting butter are things to be done at the churn and at the time of churning; then the dissolved salt penetrates every part of the buttoi-y mass, aud evenly flavors it.— farm anil Home. "I i; .t 1 Mr Mmanek in ffiscnssingfoe tion 0 f animal intelligence, dtes eev ^ instances In which jackdaw*, rooks and crows have bepn seen to hold what be called a formal court for Hui trial and punishment of offenders, if will surprise many persons, no doubt, to learn that such creatures have eo»<* fUng like a regular system of 'wile, justice." la the northern part of 8cot land, writes one observer, and in the Taro* Islands, cxtraordlnaiy meetings of crows are occasionally known to, oct-'ir. They collect in great numbers, m II they had all been summoned for the occasions a few of the flock sit with Urpopiiig heads, and °"j®" grave as judges, while others again are excccdinglyiactive and »oJ»y. fa jje course of about an hour they dispersct ^ „ J§ „ ot un( . oramon , after they have flown away, to find one or twd left dead upon tho spot These meotlngs will sometimes continue for a day before the objoct, whatever it may be. Is accomplished. Crows continue to arrive from all quarters during tho session. As soon as they have all nr rived, a very general noise ensues, and shortly after the whole fall upon oue or two individuals, aud put them to death. When the execution has been performed, they quietly disperse. An army officer writes from India that while sitting in a veranda, he saw three or four crows come and perch on " neighboring house. Soon a gathor ing from nl quarters took place, till < ho ho EnKHl-house was black °" e ' 1 , | w,th thcn V, , "Thereupon," lie continues, "a pro digious clatter ensued. It was plain tiint a 'palaver' was going forward, some of its members, more eager than, others, skipping about. I became much interested, and narrowly watched the proceedings, all within a dozen yards of me. After much cawing and clamor the whole group suddonly rose into the air, and kept circling around half-a dozen of their fellows, ono of whom ),ad clearly been told off for punish m ,; nt . for foo five repeatedly attacked it in quick succession, allowing no op p 0 ,.t un jty for it to escape, which it was . to ^ untI , u , mJ cagt it flut . teri „„ ^ ab out thirty . , ? . J ^ il _? , 10 ™ ® al *' ... . • Unfortunately, I rushed forward to pick up the bird, prostrate but flutter ing on the grass. I succeeded only in touching it, for it wriggled away from my grasp, and flew, greatly crippled ftn d c * osc to (be ground, into some nd j ftcen ( bushes, where I lost sight of It. All tho others, after circling around me and chattering, in auger, ns I thought, flew away, on my resuming my seat, in the direction taken by tbeir victim."— Youth's Companion. seem as or A SMART COCKROACH. How It Wm Utilized by Two Notorious la uiaua Convict*. A common cockroach was trained to act as a letter-carrier bet ween William Rodifer and "Starlight Jack" Ryan, convicts in the Southern Indiana pen itentiary. It is probably the first in stance on record, too, where there was any use found for the little creature. Rodifer occupied a cell in the tier just aboro the one where Jack was confined, and for a long time they had no means of communicating witli each . other. Rodifer was a daring fellow, but he had not sufficient imagination to get up a plan of escape and he relied on the bright mind of his friend "Starlight Jack" to suggest an idea. Une evening Rodifer noticed nil inno cent looking cockroach running about oil the floor. After watching its gam bolings for a time lie concluded lie could use it, So writing a short note to tils friend he tied if to the cock roach's wing, and kneeling down on the floor he put it out ou the wail un der the iron balcony in front of his cell. He calculated that It would run into the ceil underneath. And it did. Jack noticed the paper, oaught the insect, and road tho note. Then he answered it, and, poking the little creature out on the wall from the ceil ing over the door, ho released it. Tho roach wont into Rodifcr's cell and was caught. Then they fed and cared for it, and used it in this manner for somo months. In fact it grew to understand its business. It must have been a female cockroach, however, for ono day it stopped to chat with u friend nnd was noticed by the warden. The note, which was written in some sort of cipher, was taken off, the hospital steward, Dr. Sid. C. Mc Clure, rend it. Thou the bug was put on the balcony floor, nnd ran intoRod ifer's cell. Thns tho officials kept posted os to the plans of .the two faH mous jail-breakers. After a time Jack began to suspect that something was wrong, and he addetf a postscript to his letter something like this: "If ev ery thing is ail right you will find a hair from my head in this note." The warilcji read it as he did tluAotheas, but dropped the hair and lost It "Never mind," said Captain Crnlg, whose hair was red, "pat one of mine in It." The answer came back: "That last whip ping must liavo been an nwful one. Jack, for it lius changed the color of your hair." The scheming of these two worthies came to naught, however, and they served their terms .—Louisville Timet. this boy, and see if I can extend him. ' —A rough father was thrashing his little son, when n neighbor remon strated. "Go away," said the father. "I know what Pm doing. Ho won't grow, nnd ns iron enu be extended by Denting, I thought I would mnllenbh 1 Among the rlotow of the g rrat OM. earn toe in 1871 was a gentleman off the name of Hooker.- *"* * wealthy merchant at the time, but like many others of Ms class was utterly ruined by the great lire. After this calamity the M»*T was supported Ay keeping boarders. Three or tour years ago there came into Us family to board tno handsome voting Swedes, polished, well-oducated and apparently the possessors of mottY —one called Swon and the other (Met Mr. Hooker's family la American. That makes no difference, The Swed ish visitors were well pleased with their boarding-house, and the roason (or the genuine satisfaction they dis played over the .matter will be better realised when it la told how they were both single gentlemen and how in the Hooker household there was at least unmarried daughter, a fresh, pret ty, vivacious young lady, who flitted about the halls and parlors like an angel, occasionally pausing to illumin nto some dark corner with her bright smile. That bright smile it was that haunted one of the affable young Swedes— R Otof. The Swedish gentlemen meantime did not seem to care to engage in any business occupation. They gave it out that they hod come to America to study the manners, cus toms and language of the country. In the latter pursuit they were assisted by the Hookers, and especially by that daughter of the household, Annette, who, by her careful attention to Olaf particularly, had him in a few months so that he could speak United States like a native. Of course there could be only ono sequel to all this mutuality of feeling, this kindly regard. It was announced that Annette and Olaf were engaged, and in the early fall of 1886 the twain were made one. Their wedding trip included a visit to Lake Minnetonka, where they stayed two weeks enjoy fug their honeymoon. From Minne tonka they returned to Chicago, and, bidding an affectionate farewell to the old folks, set out for Olaf's native land, where Olaf had proposed they should spend the remainder of their days. After a brief stay in London they speed across to Christiania. Much to her surprise the bride found an elegant equipage fitted out with liveried driver and with footman awaiting them at the steamship dock, and she heard her husband give some direction to tho coachman by which slio Inferred that the equipage was bis own. She asked no questions. The pair were driven through the city into an aristocratic suburb ornamented if to, II one witli line residences of wealthy people and with the grounds and palaces of tho nobility. When the most extensive and most magnificent of all the palaces was reached the coachman wheeled Ins steeds in upon the grounds. "Now," said Olaf, "we will alight; I want you to eomo in and look over this palace and see how the great of the land lire. Annette gazed with aWe upon the noble pile. At first she ex hibited shyness at the thought of going in and meeting the great people. But her husband finally induced her to tako a walk through its halls. When they came out ho asked her what she thought of it The young bride ex pressed her admiration for what was really the finest palace in the vicinity of the great city of Christiania. He listened to the rapturous compliments that poured from her lips. "Annette," he said, slowly, "this is It was afterward n your future home, explained to her that her husband was the son of a nobleman with a fortune of 913,000.000. Olaf and his bride are now living happily together in the great palace in the suburbs of Christiania .—Chicago Tribune. DRESS FOR GIRLS. A School Rzgulatlou Who*# General Adoption Mi|ht Do Mach flood. No doubt tho faculty and trustees of any girls' school would do service to universal womankind by insisting upon a plain sensible costume to be worn by all pupils during tho school years. Many points can be urged in its favor: Regard for physiological needs of de. vcloplng girls, the freedom of costume, tho sisterhood, which would at once put nil young ladies, rich and poor alike, on the footing of equality in dress during the years they are inti mately associated beneath the same roof and in the same work, ending foolish and oftentimes bitter rivalry be tween those who can and those who can not afford to dress richly; and, per haps, no less important point than tho others, reserve the pleasures of beauti ful Costuming for the entrance upon social life which is really the beginning of the necessity for individuality in dress. While girls are in the school-room their minds should be occupied with its work and the simple, healthful pleas ures incident to harmonious develop ment of tho bodily and mental powers which are to make the grand woman later, and simple costume, varied in color to save monotony, would conduce greatly to the benefits of a school college course. Make this regulation dress pretty and attractive, light in weight, refined and graceful, always bearing in mind the freedom for devel opment of good, sound limbs anil mus cles; but keep rich fabrics and lino jewels for the social debut. Keep the girls young, and with some thing always in anticipution, for noth ing is more disgusting and dishearten ing to thoughtful people than tho blase miss of sixteen who knows every thing and doesn't see much in life anyhow.— ' GoUkn Days. or M #SiNSSSSSj|S3JE ▲ aMy-HUMd. welUkM ,_ aa a ttrstthti ptora «f funrit** Z** hania It *»j att be of fat?? ■tylaorrtttmi fadM4.it xemnf"* old-fashioned as it will, y*t!»?*» for properly, it wiU present « better appearance than ait flC* neglected range of the latest rtyuTS be rare, it is not expected that th»«? or range ahonht be withorn sptt j spot on Its surface all the time, would be every foolish ejqjeetstfauJ the neatest honsewifo with much ing to do could not beep it in thiaaoT dltion. Thereto an old savin* to a! effect that la a bouse where the Is bept highly polished at all tw there is very little eoobing done. How ewer true this nay be, oertain it is fat where there it much cooking todoa ■tore can not be kept as bright and dean as where it is less used for this * pnrpoflfo although it can be kept looking enough for anybody by a little each day. Onoe a week Is often enough to gin it a thorough cleaning, and this, with a little attention during tbe week, will keep it looking as clean and nice any person could wish. The first thin* to be done boforo applying the polish is to see that tho stove is clean. With an old knife scrape off all superfluous matter from the stove, and brush off into the dust-pan. Scrape from tha oven all the burnt matter oaused by the running over of pies and puddings, and brush it thoroughly out If tiie top of the stove is very greasy it should be washed thoroughly in warm soup, suds, and wiped with a dry cloth. If the time can be given to it, it is much better to wipe both top and hearth of the stove, or any part of it that needs it, and it will polish much easier. The next thing to be done is to put on the hands a pair of old, looso-litting gloves, and never on any account polish a stove without them. No matter how care fully you may handle brush and black ing, it is sure to make the hands rough and grimy, and it is next to impos sible to remove it when it gets under the finger nails. Mix a suf ficient quantity of the powdered care as polish with soapsuds to the con sistency of cream, and apply to the stove with a brush. Some blacking admits going all over the stove first, when it is wet, and polishes better when thoroughly dry, while other kinds must he rubbed when elightly damp, for if left until thoroughly dry, it will not polish at all, and have to bo re blacked. With the latter kind of black ing only a small part of the stove should be gone over atone time, so that it may not get too dry. If d brush is to be used in polishing, cover mouth and nose so as not to inhale the dust that is sure to arise from tho vigorous use of the'brush. A brush does, to be sure, give a nice gloss to the stove, but most womon do notcaro for this, claim ing that apota show much quicker on a glossy surface than on a duller one. A woolen cloth is much better to uso than a brush to polish the stove, for it makes but very little dust and gives a softer gloss to the surface of tho iron, which is much nicer than a high pol* ish. A person with weak lungs should never use a brush for this work, on any account After polishing the stove mb the nickel plating with a cloth dampened with am monia and whiting. Mix whiting and ammonia to the consistency of cream, and dip the cloth in it Wipe off with a dry cloth and polish. Around some ranges are bands of pol ished iron, which many think are nickel. These can be cleaned with both brick aud soap. Dampen a cloth and rub it on a pieee of soap until there is a good lather, then dip into some powdered bath brick, and rub the iron briskly. Polish with a dry cloth. Some women, when blacking a stove, blacken the inside as well as the outside of the oven, claiming that it is very littlo trouble, and it is kept la better order than if merely brushed. Others will not do this work, not on account of the trouble, but they claim that whatever is cooked in it might taste or smell of the lead dust. A stove cleaned onoe a week in this way may be kept looking nice all the week by wiping it over after dinner each day, first with brown paper, then with a dry woolen cloth kept for this purpose. If there are many grease spots, which is usually the ease where frying has been done, rub them over when the atove ia cool with a little blacking, and polish with a dry cloth. —Boston Budget. —You will save your horse the pain of a sore mouth if yon will always dip the bit in a backet of oold water before putting it in his mouth. This "takes the frost out" of the bit If you want to know what would happen if you did not do this, put your tongue against the bit after it shall have been hanging all night in a zero temperature. You will not take it away as easily as you will put it thcro, nnd when yon shall get loose you will leave a piece of skin behind. If the bit be put lit cold watet first this will not happen .—Troy Time a —Mock Mince Pie.—One enp sugar, one cup molasses, two-thirds enp of water, one-half cup raisins, a amall piece of butter, grated rind and julc* of one lemon, clove, cinnamon and nutmeg to taste. Simmer all together, when nearly cold odd three eggs.— Good Cheer. —Chopped *olover hay scaldod Is a cheap and exeellent food for hogs, and they will thrive on It, with but little S ain. Bulky food 1s neccssaiy for (tension of the stomach, nnd there Is nothing so nutritious for that purpose as the scalded clover.