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the WORLD'S COAL. Figura« thawing Thal th» Supply I« Ylrt e.iij ! The reports of the U itted b ales i Geological Survey declare that our stock of ooal is likely to hold out yet for several centuries. The area of com! t J 1 ** co ""ï y ** 192 500 square miles: that of Grea Britain at 12 "00 square miles, and In- | eluding the European holds and ex- , clus.ve of China, the »STE™** 1 ® * n ' ! mal output is 40E980,000 gross , J?™ ! lo7."00 000 tons, ami Germany 58.000- j bOOtous^pa.n fur,ashes on^ ouo 01» ■ iZnnonnn tJTihhd- of * in ,• which consist of bituminous coal. Dor J 1 ® ' , ' Te , V ° ' a , i- ■ f . c,' h o .pu n '-k.ili m * ali» ulines inciease , • l °' l we nave as yet merely touenea tne sur« AC V°? a A, 1 esourc J i8 * ™. . ]uo la.-iC , a .ne au ao co _ V ? ie ,li y um«. a u >,r • iT-m'kVi K , ,a | LS ni ]f I-,'pq. f;.. , o \ , n ! 31 .» . r * , , 1.. i/?V1 ,1 ' f ' ; } 1 •; ; .... ma^M m e o oui c i .pi l}. .a t -«„il <>a i) a ai.xiL \. I •* ■* Voo Im ° m , t . s - s ' v ' ,, , , cv ' l i» 1 , x . v . ' l '' ' ' v 1 ' l< i . I t ^ / , PT , n , . ' , 1 J 1 Ui > 1011 ' ' ° . . 1 an ° j' tons aimuaiiv, aju V i. 1 }" 11 ? "i* 1 ; f •> n. VmV ' ''' 1 .o-fpiai*' Austro-H in jar v one of I6v0 ' I ! , , 11 ' ,<J !° I' * ,u '■ 11 _ '"' a , I*' : ' 11 1 i' r' . , V • ' ' ' ' I j aille . .... - I is cert In IV, try and as late as from pi v.i e consumption ton. But ti -no ' ..b-ve villi DO. 00.1 Belgium over 17, CO an e.timat and 0W ti mi f litt!,' Bel bout 510 square ,1 be Into that e mi! sip; a ginni l miles. reduced to '1 wo countries tint -It considérât itisc of ! t; into ,n I (' linn , an Iln isia a, yield ; lu VI und I: nr -,|\ I . IMl11 ' 5 ; . 1,1 po-t - ma. , China a so has an nn- , practically Umith-ss ex- j oal area. 1 lie provinces of , va*t the Piu.sk of tent etill further be found. k 1 own bn K nnj-Soo. Hoo-Nan and 1 lands. Ho, t-N • ti has 21.700 square j . . . . . 1 , ! miles of coal be Ids, principally ant lira- j and it is estimated bv Ger € Shan* ' j 'it nn I h v • given the subject that there is coal * to k*'ep the j >m ; hundreds of ! ! t i 1 ■ riet ion, fuel ip* miiiio is of years. Fro diese facts oal supply is danger in tim "\hausti of th >*t( a v-'ty rt ? is very possible that the Is,d rably out ioii of man himself upon .'hicago Inter-Ocean. cp a! may last the dura this carh. Siily Romantic Notions. < m n; love stor.es ho read have romant c lotions of my rt ot her# mg Don' nn - ff i-ti'illy V 01111 i your yo j n * brothers. and. ho. the •docs ini vlien y, '■ ; that y n hr remarkable or unnsai l, f an The bearin'* in;*. ! . -. I ( j : nt and gracious gen tie wo in IV' to be cubirated, but beh a viol bo •■very-day this 7-lio::i You company A net ply b. cause yi the society aiv h ia.iy. instead "f a voun; an suppose that the straugi tleman vou meet is a typical hern. Du ! * [111 v> e a h i H- is of ni ce than you are a heroine, are both j vst plain, every-day human: et foolish notions that you are any linoo hut ordinary day. and V, ma Dun'I ty. ho try to ac! lilt the young per hie* character in vour last figured as novel.— Fanil a+*l Fireside. Profits o» a Baker A baker will toss a barrel of flour a trough. Thru ho tosses 104 pounds of water on top of it. tity ol yeast is a ided, and then the jolly baker lias 300 pou id» to operate on. The 300 ; ouuds cost him 8o- in short order the JmiL-h is turned into pan-loaves, it c quality. iu K A qunn ,f dough d other styles of the The oven's heat ra the 3iM) pounds of dough to 260 pounds of bread. The baker sells his bread at the rate of four cents a pound, or at an advance of 30 per cent, over what it cost him. There aro 1,400 bakers, great and small, in this city, and to them is committed the trust of supplying bread for 1,300. 000 persons. There are many bakers in this city who make 1,300 loaves of bread per day and soil it for from $80 to 1105, or at a net profit of about |40. Little money is lost in the business, and most bakers do a casli trade. It is very seldom that bilkers fail, business is steady, tended by very few risks, unless in. comp tent workmen.— N. Y Journal. duci Tho reliable at»-! at M is* people are apt to think that •e producive ti ,i country life is tieallh titan life in ncity. but the mor i of the Grand Army of how that the death rate the K p.iblii f tho city ri ts was compara; ivo ;imei :-, h lower than that of the hardy ■y in mountain and country troops. OF LOWLY BIRTH What Working-Men liar* Dona for Sc|. mucm, Art ami Literatur». Some may sav: "Why giro working 1(J (ime t0 ,|,| n k? What good ireo £ n ' make of it?" Ut us so« w(j4t th have «ion«. Take general |j terslurft Look al Dauie! Defoe, ti e author of • RobtniAu Crusoe," one of ^ «-oatost «Titers of prose fiction | lh&t evw jj, life , , hosier, alll j wa , almost wholly self ! taught. William Cobbott, tho great master of racy Saxon English, was in ! »«ly » Ärmer', hoy. and after j war j s a commrm »oldier. Ij*ak Wal ■ toi)i th# , >lea?ing biographer and "complete angler." was a linen, draper. j Then jn scicnc(: Thomas Simpson. , the distinguished mathematician, wrought, for the greater part of hi» life, as a weaver. Captain Cook, one of the moft 8cientiäl » ot English sail* ors, and a very pleasing writer, was wholly self-taught His father, a poor peasant, learned to read when he was turned of seventy, in order that he might be able to peruse his son's voy Arkwright, subsequently Sir Richard, the inventor of the* cotton »pinning machine, was a poor man, Rnt j commenced life as a bar bar. James Brindley, the author of canal navigation in Englaud, t lie first who tunneled groat hiUs nnd brought »hips across navigable rivers on bvklge*, w:is a millwright. Herse hell, subs* quenily Sir William, originally a musician in a Hanoverian regiment, became a skillful optician and a great astronomer. To him Canijibell refers i iH the wU-known line« Gave to the lyre of Heaven another string. Ahou ,or tho fine nr,s: Lhanirey wus a milk and butler boy, and his ^ moulVm ^ wcrc in softer material ' ill,vi insrblc. Sir Tlioma» Lawrence uf nn inn-kec;ier, ami I ilioilv sclf-tau-lit J >lin Ojiie was ! fourni by l)r. Walcott, working in a au -pit. William Hogarth, tliogt , .,st master of character that ever de- 1 : .-elopo.l hi. kloas by tncans of tho pen- * • cil. served liis apprenticeship lo an j engl . av i llg silver.mitli, and com- ; I - r- I • j is til ! . , ; I his professional career by ; graving coats-,if-artns and shop-bills. I , Then in pootrv: Gifford, the first , litor (jf tbe QuarUrlÿi lrt , an Ufc ;H „ j .. . ai , or aml .»fterward served , 1 ' hip to a shoemaker. apprentie an 1 j 8 B " ! worked in j BloomJi* M wro! his host poem, the he. too, s a shoemaker. ■nrr says Fuller, in his English W< rthics," "worked for as a bricklayer and mason. j He helped to build the now structure hen, having a I , * j ! some 1; of Lui coin's Inn. his hand, he had ft book in his pocket." Shakespeare was a poor man's sou. His father could not write his name, and his cross or mark still existsm the record of Stratford on-Avon to attest the fact. Tho poet's own education seems to have been very limited, and tradition describes him ns having lived for a tiuie by very humble employments. Then turn we to theology, the high est range of all. The two Millers Doctor 1 anc, Dean of Carlisle, and his brother Joseph, author of the well* known * Ili-t - r *' trow. 1 ii f the Church. •is. D.. Pridcaux, ion," and >f the author •Co I Bi-hop of Worcester, got ids oduen kitêhon Jolm Banyan, the greatest mas* j ter of Allegory and author >>f '.lie sec ond best book in all the world, was a by entering Oxford r.s : boy. ; self-taught linker. — -V. Y. L'dg r. MILES OF CANNON. of Ihe Impregnable Forti fication« of (Gibraltar. real sight of Gibraltar is tho ! fortifications, which are on an im I metis« scab 1 , as tho whole circuit o' : the rock is seven miles. But nut all this requires to be defended, for on the eastern side the cliff is so trem«n lous that liiere is scaling it. It is fearful to stand on the brow, and look down to where tin® than a tlinu A DoHoripti Tin possibility of waves are dashing sand feet below. The only approach must ho by land from the north, or from the sea ern si.lc. The tivo latter are defended by a succession of batteries carried tho western or south along tlie sea-wall, and up tho side of the rock, so that there is not a spot on assailant can set his foot 'll ici an which is not under the fire of guns. The northern sido is pierced by tho great galleries cut in tlio rock, which the unique feat ure of Gibraltar. that distio are guish -s it above ail the othor fortresses file world. These wore liegun more than a hundred years ago. during tlio great siege, which lasted nearly four years, when tlie inhabitant rest day passed through one tier, perhaps a mile in length, we mount to a uccotul, which rises above the other like tlio liai >r night. After we havo upper deck of an enormous litio-of battlo ship Enormous indeed it must he, if we can imagine a double-decker a mile long! As we tramped past these endless rows of cannon, it oc curred to me that their simultaneous liscltargo must lie very trying to tho nerves of the artilleryman (i( lie has any nerves), as the concussion against mils of rock is much greater than if they wore fired in the open air. and I asked my g tide if he did not dread He Confessed that he did, hut added, like tho plucky soldier that lie w:\ : "IVe'vo got to stand up to it!" — Interior. unoves aro as had as a if this is Me., — ■•Tlirei [ said imor Richard. ily in K ughtsvillc, burned out true, a fa might as twenty-lw, veil have in on utd one-third times iu the for they have IIS, nove l sixlj-i .•Veil times. NO MORE ROMANCE. B* pliuslluii ol Thutoilerbolt* ami Ilia Au« rora lloraalift* In the course of a lecture on elec tricity, recently delivered in London. 1* Marcet spoke especially on ••than derbolu" Most of them aro metoor ites; one is only a pieeo of sandstone broken off by the flash, and a third, carefully preserved in a museum, is a cannon ball, -found in the bottom of a hole in a manure heap after a flash of lightning had struck it" Iroa pyrites, a poculiarly-shapod piece ol coal, and the clinker from a Kllburn Are engine hare all figured in «hl» ea parity, and. from being so carefully ,| preserved by their owners, are evi- : dently cherished as specimens quite; as remarkable as thoy would be were T their history less apocryphal Ful--, guritoi, or vitrified tubes, formed by the fusing of sand where a current of | electricity in the *h*pe of a lightning | flash has penetrated the ground, .are f also in the exhibition. But even they afford little room for mys- ' tery. Tho fire-ball is only a flash y in another form. So is sheet-light ning, while the remarkable talcs of j escapes from death by atmospheric p electricity prove simply how narrow fj is tho current and how rapid is its ac lion. Ihe bird» of a saw lias beende* t i stroyed and t ho handle burnt, while the «awycr remained uninujred. A latly had the bracelet struck off her hand, while she herself felt no more than a shock; another had her bonnet jj entirely burned on account of ihe wire lis frame was mado of, while she her* 'p self was untouched. Even ol j »cts en tirely insulated from the ground are not safe; for two sea-gulls flying over William wero killed by lightning. All these difficultiet have to l>e considered is not usually associated with thunder. Yet I)r. Marco! teaches the contrary, and though lie is not certain, in spite of M. Colladon'sexperiments, that all uf in erecting lightning-rods, some of which are little better than traps to catch the electric fluid, whon the householder permits so important s means of protection to fall into the hands of an ignorant mechanic. Hail ; q f, is "merry dancers," or si the scarcely less pagan be'.iofs nbout | tho spirits fighting in the air, or even 1 of the winter sun being reflected from si me vast glaciers at the hack of the north wind. The aurora is duo to spout can be explained by electricity. M. Peltier affirms these sudden iko phenomena attending a watcr liftings-up of water to be the result of an electric attraction, rather than of the action of the wind. But, whatever conflict of opinion may bo permissible on this point, it is clear that none is allowable in regard to the aurora borealis australis. Science has deprived us of all the pleasant con celts anent the of a the positive electricity from the sea between tho tropics being carried into the tipper atmospheric regions, and thence wafted to the poles by the higher currents of air. M ircet assures us, it descends toward j the earth, and meets the terrestrial | discharges j Hire, Du negative electricity in a rarified n*. mo-phere. now take place, their brightness be- j ing increased by tho presence ol j m:i-ses of foreign particles in the air." And thus the electrici: "Luminous aui>i-iv of the last fragrance of romance which clung to tho most * picturesque of northern atmospheric phenomena — Chicago Tribune. TECUMSEH'S BONES. How a Party of Speculator» Found Sont« Karo lndliin Helle«. The search for Indien relics is ssic to lie a most interesting one. and tlu finds sometimes valuabio. But, as t rule, farming pays better. Besides, one is nut always sure that what hi unearths is pure quill, as it may b< and that 1: not what tin Bavants ate after. It is well remem bered how, some years ago, r party o; York pioneers and big-brained specie out up Brantford way it search of tho grave of Tccumsch, tin great Shawnco chief, who Ilf tec Yankee hair and any thing else whicl came handy in the war of 1812 ot thereabouts. Ho was nit Indian wltl a strong arm nnd a heavy hatchet, anc ho cut a big swatli at every swing. Ho fought on tho sido of England, home and beauty, and he made tb< wild west show of tho day J ust 1mm. He is said to have been a great man. and poetry has cast its halo mound him. but probably he went aronud in an old blanket and heat hit squaw just liko other Indians. A' any rato tho pioneers were anxious U get a hold nl his hones, or what ro mai nod of them, and so they sot afoot the search expedition referred to, though it did not go afoot, but by train. A faithful ally joined thorn uf the country, and for a consideration offered lo pilot them to the silent toml of tho rod warrior, whose scalp-pole hail once bent under the weight of the scalps lie had toted home. Aftor « long walk on a hot day, the allegod grave was pointed out to tlioin, and they fell upon it with pick and shovel, and were delighted to find a portion of the hones, which thoy carried away with them. There was somo doubt as to whether they had really found tho grave, but they had none, and tri umphantly ilisplayod tho bonos as evidence of their groat luck. But the hones wero pronounced to lie sheep hones, and they wero very indignant at such an insinuation against their judgment, Tho papers got hold of I hoir story, and they were again greatly worried. They demanded the names of the writers of the offensive articles, and Ihruatenod nil sorts of dreadful things. But thoy never produced tho hones again, and Tccumsch is safe whoraverr ho is.— Toronto Scu/*. recent. I ADELE AUS DER OHE. ,| irew „pen the door. anlJ hoar A <lelclien!" There was great re'iuioiug that day in the family Olio, T he u themselves began at once 0 i„<trurt her in piano-playing. In her fifth yoar slio became acquainted 11 h tho talented musical couple Broil® Bnrtt who took her to Hans von Bulow f ()l . a d v ice. "Let me first look in hei eye*," be said; and continued ' YVg, there really is music there l* ' y ( , proposed that she be placed un der his instruction at Munich, where j ie wa9 tlion residing, hut the fond p arc nts could not cônsent to sépara fj on from so young a child. Adeh scvcn years old when Prof. Am t i er qj 10 moved with his family to Bjv* ||, K Here slio became a pupil of Fran a Kullnk. and several months later o: hi 8 f a ther, the celebrated Dr. Theodore Kullak, with whom she remained until jj ör thirteenth yoar. At eight sh< made her first public appearance. 'p wo y 0ar5 later she gave concerts with orc |,estra at Berlin and Hanover ir which she played Beethoven's "B fiai major concerto" with the &foscholef «'Cadenza." Shortly after leaving Kullak she came to Liszt at Weimai u.. of ihr Ut. Abbr I.iilt'* Mo.t Promis tux Pupils. When three and a half years old Adele Aus der Oho first gave evidence uf her remarkable taleiit. An elder .ister was strumming Anliti's bacio" one day in the nursery vhore the children were at play When she had fiaished, the tlny Adele, crying "Ich! Ich!" begged to be placed on tile stool, and to their astonishment repeated the entire waltz, giving the correct bass with her left hand. 'Mamma! Papa!" cried tho children in chorus, as thoy •■Comet Come "II q g1 . and, barring occasional Interruptions, benefited b y seven years of his In struction. Several long concert touri —the first whon In her fourteenth y eat —were made during this period ir .many. Previous to her American debut she had nover played outside her native land. At her last public appearance there she performed Taubert's "Piano concerto" in tin f, ur hundredth jubilee of tlio royal orchestra, with that su perb body of musicians, at tho Berlin Royal Opera-house. In tho salons o! the German capital Adele Ans der Oh. is as groat a social as musical favorite. She enjoyed tho friendship and cha|i eronage of the late lamented Princes. Alma of Caralath-Beuthin, a noble woman, distinguished for her charities ami as a patroness of the flue arts, si 1(! ; 3 very popular at tho imperial palace, where she has often played privately and in state concerts, Aus der Ohe is not merely a gifted soiroc Adel« musical artiste, but a young woman of varied accomplishments. Besides her mother-tongue, she speaks and writes French, Italian and E iglish; is a student in the arts and sciences; writes poetry, and is a composer ol music—tinder an assumed name. Slio has been rightly taught to believe in the necessity of a broad and liberal education for all who aspire above mediocrity in her chosen profession." — Century. THE HUMAN HEART. Lurlou* C »Icnlntlon» Mnde by a Fninou* Medical Authority. In the human subject the average rapidity of the cordiac pulsation of ar adult male is about seventy boats per minute. Thoso beats aro more fre quent as a rule in young children and and there are variations in women, within certain limits in particular per sons owing to peculiarities of organi zation. It would not necessarily be an abnormal sign to find in some par ticular individuals the habitual fre quency of the heart's action from sixty to sixty-five or from seventy-five to eighty per minute. As a rule, the heart's action is slower and more powerful in fully-developed and mus cular organizations, and more rapid and feebler in those of slighter form. in animals, tho range is from twen ty-five to forty-five in the cold-blooded and fifty upward in the warm-blooded animals, except in tho case of tho horse, which ims a very slow heart beat, only foriy strokes a minute. The pulsations of men and all animals differ with the sea level alsa The work of a hoallhy human heart has been shown to equal thetfoat of rais ing five tons four hundredweight 1 foot per hour, or 125 tons in twenty four hours. Tlio excess of this work under alcohol in varying quantities is often very great A curious calcula tion has been made by Dr. Richardson, giving tho work of Ihe heart in mile aga Presuming that tlio blood was thrown out of the heart at- each pulsation In the proportion of slxty-uino strokes per minute, and at the assumed forco of 9 feet, the mileage of the blood through tho body might be taken at 207 yards per minute, 7 miles por hour, 168 iuilos per day. 61,320 milos per yoar, or 6.150,880 miles In a lifetime of eighty-four years. The number of beats of the heart In tho same long life would reach tho grand total of 2,869,776,000. — Medical World. —There is in Wilmington a tnau named American Independence Mc Clintock. He is a machinist, about thirty-five years of age, and avhile he admires the patriotism that inspired his parents to thus christen him, he never w rites his name in full. His in timates call him "Inde," and tho di rectory sots him down as Independ ence. Another patriotic fatlior, who onco lived in Delaware, had three sons named New Castle, Kent and Sussex, after tho tliroo counties. Sussex is a lawyer. TWENTY GOOD RULES. n. w to Avoid "Bad Look" with Tonal Tr«M sud Orchards. The following twenty rules are self evident to most tree-planters, who, f. r want of attention, break some of them, and reminders are therefore often useful: I. A valuabio sort it worth more than merely a handsome tree. 2 Good healthy braciug roots are of more Importance than a symmet rical top. 3- Tiio roots should be long and strong enotigli, and tho top mado light enough, to obviate any shaking. 4. If the roots of a tree are frozen, and then thawed ont of the ground or in contact with the air, the tree will be killed. 5 If frozen roots aro thawed in com pactly-pressed mellow earth, tho tree may 1» made to live. 6. Manure should nover bo placed in contact with tho roats when setting out a tree, but used for a mulch or top-dressing. 7. Trees should always bo set about as deep as they stood in tho nursery, or two or three inches deeper, to allow for the settling of tho earth. 8. Spread ont the roots nearly equally on all sides, so as to brace the troc welL 9. Avoid particularly any small cavi ty next tho roots, but fill compactly against them on all sides with fine, mellow earth. 10. A small, thrifty tree with copious roots when set out, will be a good bearing tree sooner than a largo one with mutilated roots. II. Watering in dry weather crusts tho surface, and does not reach the roots. . 12. Young trocs should not bo sot in a grass lot, or among any crops of sowed grain; hut tho whole surface kept clean and mellow. 13. Shriveled trees, before planting, may be made plum;) by covering for sovoral days, compactly, with moist, mellow earth. 14. If newly set ones suffer from draught, mulch tho ground about them, and frequently sprinkle or shower the stems and branches. 15. Tho roots extend ns far from the tico as its entire height; clean and mellow cultivation should there fore cover a circlo twice as wide as its height. 16. As a general rule, cultivation should be continued for six. eight or toil years from planting, after which closely-grazed or lawn-mowed grass may be permitted, with frequent top dressing. t 17. The amount of manuring or top dressing must vary with the vigor of tho trees; young trees should grow two or three foet yearly, and bearing ones one foot or more. 18. Keep nn eye to the mature shape of the tree, and timely remove small, needless, crossing or crookod limbs. This will obviate lioavy pruning in after years. 19. Pruning when dormant tends to impart vigor; but it done when grow ing or in loaf, it chocks growth; and therefore a feeble tree should never be pruned aftor growth commences In urn spring. But healthy, strong growers may bo lightly prunod at either soason. 20. Most of the "bad luck" with young trees and orchards is the result of neglecting the preccodlng rulos. — Country Gentleman. PIGEONS^iVT VIENNA. A Pleasant Feature In tho Street» of th« Oaj Austrian Capital. Vienna, like Venice, is the homj of thousands of pigeons, belonging to nc one in particular, but which overy body delights in and many people feed. They aro much more numcroni than sparrows, and, though not of choice breed, they are of various colors, and are altogether a pleasing feature in the streets. A little bread put upon tho window-sill every day will attract a score of winged visitors. They are quit tame, and will perch willingly on tho arm or shoulder oi those who give them a little food. They roost in nooks and corners round tho tops of houses and public build ings, whore they nlso make their nests. Some officials connected with tbo architectual department of tho corporation havo suddenly discovered that theso public pots spoil the appearance of tho two town mon uments. The official report says that in somo instances the finest plastic beauties and architectural forms are covered by a regular deposit of guana On the othor hand it is pointed out that the vagrant pigeons are of no use, and therefore the authors of the re port think they should be caught and tent to tho charity schools nnd hos pitals to be eaten. There are a few pretty monuments in Venice, too, and quite ns many pigeons as in Vienna What would tho Vo notians say If any body proposed wringing the necks of their winged friends? The suggestion is sure to cause an outcry among tho tender-hearted Viennoso. who will certainly not allow the poor birds to bo made into pigeon-pica —London Telegraph. —Sweet polatoes ferlilized with chemicals ere fairer in appearance and better in quality than are thoso grown with stablo mnntiro. They aro also loss liable to fungus disoases—black rot and yellow rot. Uowcvor, those disorders are mainly averted by caro in management of the hotbed. D.mbt '.css tho increased uso of chemical •Manures has also proir.otod tho health of tho sweet potato. —Nine brothers and sisters from a family of ten attend tho same school I n Clarence, Mich. The eldest Is twenty and the youngest iivu years aid. FARMING THAT PAYS. mow -unil-IIomlnr Cl*Mlio|ip«r4 Venu s Kn tcrprlilnc A|rlcillurliU, A« has been proven limes without number, any kind of farming will pay In the lianda of some mon. Brain«, it the brain« be organised exactly right, that each season's operations will show that the movements are in the hands of a muster, will make any kind of farming pay. Then, again, if a man makes up his mind to keep his family on hog and hominy, paying nothing out to the grocer except what the wife pays In tho form of eggs from hons that are novor fed, but glean their liv ing in tho fields and in scratching for grubs, and exponds the merest pittance for any thing that can rank as luxu ries; such aman, if he grows any thing to soil for cash, ought certaiuly, after paying his taxes and hired help, be able to place something in the savings bank. Scrub stock w 11 pay in tho hands of such a mnn. Why should it not? It is the expenses on a modern farm, re quiring such disposition of grains and grasses as will, witlioat a shadow of doubt, pay a profit; that modern buildings may bo erected and main tained; that tho family may bo clothed and fed as thrifty farmers in general clothe and feed their family; that some thing-more than a lumber wagon and a pair of hard-worked horses or tunics bo at hand to take the family to church or to town, as occasion may require. It has boon said of somo men that they would ntako money if cast away on a naked rock. Such tendency to thrift, or on the other hand, the per sistent determination hinted at above to pay out nothing for comforts and improvements, and tho most meager possiblo sums for the bare necessaries of life, will enable a man to show to his neighbor farmers that he can sup port his family and pay his taxes, though foeding no stock upon his premises other than the merest scrubs. Many a man managing in this man ner has boon able to hold his land, (such a man seldom adds to his pos sessions by buying the land that juins him), until enterprising men come in about him, raising tho valuo of his acres, and with scarce any merit on his part, ho nevertheless gets ahead in the world. A man practicing such a syslom can not be said to have earned much, but merely to have stayod by his land, bought at an early day at a nominal price, till through advancing enterprise and the onward drift of circumstances, ho may appear to have made something, not by improving his farm stock, not In fact by improv ing any thing; not by ditching or by .underdraining; for during the years his children that have grown to man hood and womanhood, are witnesses to the fact that during all the years of their growth, the teams have plowed around all ihe \yot places on tho farm. So farming in tho bands of such a man pays in the manner hinted at, but on a like plan a railroad would pay though ironod with tho old fashioned flat vail and the cars drawn by a pair of horses, but the public has no use for railroad service of this sort. There is no law against hauling enrs with horses, neither against farming upon a plan that ut terly ignores all improvement, both as to tillage and live stock. Thoso cie cumstances that force thrift upon a man's purse though he may havo no thrift in his prac tices, come to the man without brains as well as to him with abundant wisdom. But what would be tho outcome to tho modern farmer, taking an ad vanced position as ho now docs in matters of education and all affairs of public interest. Bhould he, year after year, plow around the wet places on his farm, make no movo toward seed ing down a liberal portion of his land to grass, and placing thereon cattle that aro wanted in tho leading mark ets at six cents a pound instead ol such ns go slow at throe conta If gain is made from year to yoar upon tho farm it is generally conceded that wheat growing does not contributo to this gain, but that wo must look to self-tending live-stock, to pastures that furnish the grass ready for the grazing beast, and to beasts that grow apace and mature early, for modern practice is bringing out the fact that rapid growth, early maturity and prompt fattening, alono pay any profit worth the namo.— Farm. Field and Stockman. —A miner and surveyor writes with regard to Ivy poisoning as follows: "FÄ many years I havo suffered ter ribly from this causo, but romomber iug that all poisons aro acids, and that alkalies neutralize acids, I bathed the poisoned member in a strong lye made from wood ashes, and obtained Instant relief. Subsequently I found that the dry ashes alone, rubbed over the poisoned member, were equally effective. Sinco this discovery, 1 have had no further trouble, and having tried this simple remedy repeatedly on myself nnd ®n hinny others with like good results, I am now thoroughly convinced that wood ashes will, in overy case, provo asuro and sovereign specific ,for all casos of ivy poison ing-" ' mt _ _ —A devilfish or ocean vamplro was accidentally caught, near Tampico, Mexico, in a fishing seine recently. Bopes wero thrown around tho mon ster, and by tho aid of horses it was drawn to tho shore. It weighed two ions, and, when spread out on tho beach dead, presented every appear ance of an enormous bat or vnmpirc. It measured fifteen foot long und icventoon foot wide from tho edges of tho pectoral fins, and its month was flvo foot across. A numbor of them had ljocn soon for somo time, but all (Torts to oateh one had provod futile.