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OLD CREOLE CUSTOMS.
■few Orl.su ftoetotj Mill Hwm Um TIM * Rfbi of,J», onions of tho Old The social customs sw Orleans differ widely from thqao of any other oity of the Union, derived as they largely arc from tha Manages and pre cedents of the Ecench and Spanish regime, many of/wbieh hold good to day. The old Freuch social law, which divided people, into three different classes—the aristocrat, the bourgeois and the canaille—has to a great extent become a dead letter. Tha middle class is to-day an un important factor in society here. One wisses also that subdivision into cliques and »ets which exists elsewhere. In a aocial sense New Orleans is virtually a dual city, the dividing line between Canal street, its principal thoroughfare. Above this dwell the Americans, who now predominate in the population. Below it livo the Creoles, the descend ant* of the haughty cavaliers and beauties who formal the court of the French and Spanish Governors of the province, and who still hold sacred tho stately manners, the stringent custom* and the prejudices of theiran cestors. They, however, have for the greater part suffered reverses of for tune. This prevents their active partici pation in society or the lavish mode of entertainment to which they tvero accustomed. It has not deprived them, however. Of a certain influence over the social tone of the city, and in no respect is this more readily manifested than in the universal observance of the chap eron system. This system is closely adhered to as well in American as iu Creole circles, nnd the penalty of its disregard is scandal and gossip, and perhaps, if the offense he sufficiently serious, social ostracism. Young ladies do not attend tho theater with a gentleman without a chaperon, especially at night, unless they be nearly related or betrothed. Under no circumstances is it possible for a young girl io lunch or dine in a public restaurant unless a chaperon he present, and few New' Orleans girls would enter such a place except to at tend a lunch or dinner party to which a cumber of guests were bidden and where one or move chaperons were | preiiCUt 1 I As regards horseback exercise. in j whieh Now .Orleans girls indulge but rarely, the rule requiring!! chaperon is much less rigidly enforced, but upon driving without the matronly prate tion there, is virtually an absolute pro hibition ' j I I Social culls are for the most part i confined to Sunday evening, when I gentlemen present themselves as early | us seven o'clock, and are expected to ! withdraw not later than eleven o'clock, | good breeding, of course, requiring the . 1 p first, comer to yield to lus successor. * *, ., c i formal calls are paid only on Sunday . . r. , . or on the evening of .the hostess apodal reception days, and do not hero much exceed half an hour. In Creole circles the mother of tho yomig lady receiving the caller is iu variably present, but among Americans thc custom is observed only according to the degree of intimacy between the parties. Excursions, picnics, etc., form no part of the social entertainments of New Orleans, though occasionally pur ties are formed to visit the neighbor ing plantations when the cane is being converted into sugar. In such ease* the host makes a point of providing at least one. and often several, chaperons. Invitations to balls, narties, or reeep tions are always worded to include the chaperons, and subscribers to the club. „ 1 , . - • , , , , german or cotillion, of which at least one is given during the season, arc furnished with separate cards for chap , , r r crons and partners. . .. * . . . ,. , . In matters of eourtHhip and marriage ,, , ... ,, , . . the Creoles follow the French plan and the maternal supervision ends only with the signing of tho nuptial regis . , . 1 , ■ t try. Among the American portion of the population the American custom prevails, and the moment an acquaint ance merges himself into a suitor he is accorded greater freedom of communi cation.— X. V. Press. Another Mutical Prodigy. A small ami pretty hoy, who is re markable in two directions, is Philip Spooner, the third son nnd youngest child of Senator Spooner. His talent for music i* almost that of genius. Though lie does not know one note from another, ho will carry the music of an opera, after liearing the perform ance, right along with his mother's accompaniment on the piano. His voice is like a girl's, and «weet nnd clear as the notes of a bird. Thc hoy is never so happy as when permitted to go'to nn operatic performance, ami his criticisms are, so unerring as to ho •tartling la the advanced ideas ex pressed by a child. He cares nothing for the theater, but craves music, and, if deprived of it, ho would be a very unhappy child. He never touches the piano Idnisclf ami is not inclined to i instrumental music, though his two brothers raise tho roof with banjo playing. Hut he will sit by his mother for an hour or two, ami pour out hi* beautiful voice in high, pure notes, and with perfect time to the piano.— Washington Cor. Lewiston Journal. ■ -w *» —White choker gentleman (severely) —"'Do you know,sir, that this world will bo a miserable place until all intoxicat ing beverages nro done away with?" Florid gentleman (cordially)—"I knew it. sir; and I'm doing my share in the good work. I do away with a large portion every day." —Mr. Glndatone is what would he called in this country a fresh-air crunk. He has a great horror of a badly-ven tilated room and is pretty apt to bo made sick if be speak* iu one. iu ABOUT DIPHTHERIA. •mm Well-Aothsuticst.il lulnm at It* t'osununicstlon. Dr. young, secretary of thc Statu Board of Health, says there is a misap prehension in the public mind regard g the contagiousness of diphtheria. The direct communication of the dis ease is shown by a young lady who cam* home sick with diphtheria in a mild form, aud on her arrival her brother! and sisters embraced her. They were all attacked with a malig nant type of diphtheria, and one died. The same young lady visited an aunt In another family where there were four children who took the same dis ease, and one died. Another instance. At the death of a child from diphtheria two women helped in laying it out One of them, who was fifty-three years of age, was attacked m a few days, and died in three more, and the other to'ok the dis ease in a mild form and recovered. Another case is that of a boy who had diphtheria in Boston. He came to this State to visit relatives. In a few days after his arrival his aunt washed some of his clothing, and was taken with diphtheria the next week and it went through the family, four cases. Be fore the aunt was taken sick the boy went to another place and played with another boy, who took tho diphtheria and gave it to two other persons in that family. The doctor reports a sad case as fol lows: An only child was taken sick with diphtheria and died on the fourth day. The young mother in her grief kissed the child and took the disease. Within a week she was buried beside the child. In a neighborhood where no diph theria had existed for four years a school teacher visited a city—a notori ous hot-bed of diphtheria. He con tracted what ho called a slight soro throat. He returned home with this still upon him and opened school; in less than a week six were lying sick with diphtheria and the school was closed. The result was livo deaths, three of which were adults. in , , , .. , „ f" " ne Orally thtue children died of th,s ll,8 ® as « , th .e croupous form. The | m,r8 ° ^? Uov * 1 11 w "? »°* P° 8Slble I carry the disease in clothing, aud j would not change her dress upon leav '"f '* e '"i'lf?' and ! l,,t af, ' aul to tako hfi i'® h,ldre " U P m hor , lf *P ."I™ *'"»S t hom ®' , hh ® -Jm-rnwhed f a,nRt «.ch a foolhardy couwe. Ten ? a >' 3 aur sw .'f ft th ® infc «! cl himse lhe Physician was called j and found her family ill with I diphtheria of the most fatal I form. One child died in thirty-six hours after il was attacked. Another i I | ! ........... | 'voimn-d.cd of diphtheria ... .' ll , n ' ' P'. ,,? 1 s ? n IOII £, 1 H ' r clothes and bedding home. IIis wife , , . washed them and took the disease, and . died in less than a week, . , ... , A 1C l octor sa P that cases like these, «hich unmistakably show the con t! igious nature of diphtheria, are in »™erable, and at the same time there al ° endless instances in which dipli th , cna 1,as notb ® e,1 ! c ' on "" nn ' c,ltel1 t0 others 1 ex l K > s <''* >'•. This does not prove that the disease is not contagious, A1 ! P« r8ons ai , e not fuscc l ,tlble 10 tho i,1 /?- C i ion ' l H ® .'»** * no . th ® l \ t ' li "S ''loch makes the, ufeetionof diphtheria ,lou !>>' dan ? e, ' 0,ls » ' ts , Patent y, al.ty. Unless care In disinfecting he t!lken ' the ! nfeat,(,n 9m ; vlvn to start anoth , er e P ldom ' c somc ,l l ure "me, months or perhaps yars afterward, like the following: A ** T,sitcd a,a,nl1 ? *" where tliope whs a ease of diphtheria. Upon .. 4 , , * . 1 . h s . ,etu . ru , l 'T e „ hls slst 1 er * 1 . * x,een ' 1 ,ook t i ,e diseas ® and dl#d ■? three (lavs. 8ix months afterward, . .. , another sister came from Massachusetts . * 1.1 anu occupied the room which had been . . 1 k . .. , 4l . the dck rooni. She took the diphtheria " d d,, ' d kvc w ® eks 9 ^kness Lewiston (.1/e.) Journal. ' 7 The Best Poultry Yard. The best poultry yard is a plantation. The fowls love the shelter and seonery ot aspreading spruce orpine, and wal low in the dry soil under tho branches witli evident enjoyment. A turkey is a forest bird, aud although somewhat unmanageable by reason of her wild nature, will readily take to a nest made for her in a more suitable place than she herself may choose if the nest is made of dry leaves under the shelter of a brush pile iu a grove. A grove of plum and cherry trees, with a few ever greens interspersed, will make the best poultry yard, for there will ho full crops of fruit and the curcnlio will be banished. A row of cherry trees on one side of the writer's lawn, nestled among a double row of Norway spruces on the north side, have never yet been touched by a curculio, while tlie shelter of the spruces seem to giro an idea of concealed enemies to tho greedy sparrows ami the cat birds, which strip the trees in open ground where an undisturbed view may lie had of approaching foes. Fruit and eggs become complementary to each other; the fowls protect the fruit and tlie shade pleases and encourages tin) lions to make nests. —.V, K Times. ■ ^ —Except for beets nnd mangels, which thrive in hot weather.no heating manure should he used for root crops. Turnips, carrot* ami parsnips are bet ter manured tlie year before witli sta ble manure and some mineral fertil izer at seeding time. Too much heat and nitrogenous manure makes tho roots grow faster, besides causing greater injuries from insects. —To enrich land that is poor, we must have manure or its equivalent in vegetable matter, or apply plant food iu some shape to induce the growth of vegetation. OF GENERAL INTEREST* —There is a man in Bawlius Coun ty, Kan., who is the owner of/60,000 trees all planted by himself /on bis homestead. —A Tuscola County, Mick, man has during the past eleven jsears been tapped 184 times for dropsy and 2,500 pounds of water taken from his body. —Two ragged Italian children, who were arrested at Chicago while gather ing cigar stumps on the streets, ex plained that they sold the discarded weeds to a fellow-countryman for fif teen cents a ponnd, and that they were ''made into cigarettes." —American enterprise is felt at Heruosand, Sweden, which has just been provided with the most northern electric light station in the world. The lamps there at extreme times are lighted at 2:80 o'clock in the after noon and put out at 12:15 o'clock at night— Electrical Review. —A brother of one of the lady teach ers who perished duriag a blizzard in Dakota recently visited that section for the purpose of removing the re mains to the old home in the East. In settling up with the school directors where she had been teaching they made him discount her bill twelve per cent, because she had not finished the term. —The scope of thc messenger boy's work appears to be broadening very materially. In New York, the other day, one of them was called upon to escort an intoxicated man from a saloon in Forty-second street, to his home, in Harlem. He appears to have performed his duty faithfully—not withstanding its unpleasant nature— even putting his helpless charge to bed. —Queen Victoria has now reigned over England longer than any mon arch but two—Henry III. and George III. She overtook Queen Elizabeth six years ago ami has outdone Edward •ho only reigned one hundred and forty-eight days over half a cen tury. If she lives a few years longer Victoria will have reigned longer than any royal personage of history. —Phila delphia Times. —Some one has got up an alphabet of precious stones as follows: Ame thyst, beryl, ehryso-beril, diamond, emerald, feldspar, garnet, hyacinth, idiocrase, kyanite (more commonly cyanite, a blue mineral), lynx-sap phire, milk-opal, natrolite, opal, py rope, quartz, ruby, sapphire, topaz, uranite, vesuvianite (a species of gar net), water-sapphire, xanthite, zircon (aCingalese stone). —The Boston Transcript tells of two shoemakers who formerly did business in Boston. One of them placed tins sign over the door: "I*. Flaherty. Bootmaker, from Paris." His rival ssw that this was a strong card, and determined to play one equally strong if not stronger. So he had a sign put over his door which reads as follows: "J. Mahoney, Bootmaker. Never in Paris, But as Good." —In November, 1887, a woman, aged seventy years, a resident of Leeds, England, was charged with the larceny of a shoemaker's last, valued at four III., The judge, ill passing sen pence. tenee, said that offense was a serious one, inasmuch as it might deprive a patron of the cobbler of his shoes when lie most needed them. The de fendant was then sentenced to nine months' imprisonment and lined two pounds. Her only daughter was buried the day she went to prison. —A Florida newspaper says that the killing off of alligators is having a marked effect on the supply of water ill the cattle country. When alliga tors took possession of a water hole they always kept the mud pushed up on the hanks, and even when hundreds of cattle went to the pool, and by crowding and pushing tilled it witli mud, the alligators soon repaired the damage by digging and pushing hack thc mud. Now the cattle stand around these holes, which are filled with mud and almost entirely dried tip. and wait for rain; the only water they get meantime being from the dew-covered grass which they eat at. night —An interesting investigation ns to the comparative length of the index or first linger and the ring finger (thc one next the little linger) has been going on for many years. It seems that ac cording to ancient Greek art, an index linger a trifle longer than the ring finger is a characteristic of tile higher forms of human beauty. In the Apollo Belvidore there is said to be no a]i preeiable difference in the length of the two fingers. Among Gorillas, OrangOutangs, Bushmen and cognate creatures, the ring finger is the longer, although they do not wear rings. Among Europeans and Americans there is no uniformity in the matter, many having the ring lingers the longer, many others having longer index fingers, and still many others having them of equal length, like Hie Ajaillo Belvidere. Zeb Vance's Great Argument. Senator Wade Hampton tells this story about Senator "Zeli" Vanre's first ease in thu North Karolina Supremo Court, ami he took great pains with it. When the court cams to rentier a decision the Chief Justice quoted Vance's argument in full. As 'a* proceeding Vance looked proudly around on tho other lawyers and cheerfully rubbed his hands. To his mind that was tho greatest argu ment ever presented to a court. The court read Vance's argument through, and then said: "For these reasons wc affirm the decision of tho court below." Vnnoe was dumbfounded. His owv argument was used as a basis of a de cision against his client—.V, J'. Trib une. is It it lie FARM AND HOUSEHOLD. I »tock is very largely determined by it* ! feeding the first year of its life. Breed jng counts for much, though every successful breeder knows how greatly at at in —The vain* of any kind of farm the character of a young animal is changed by innutritious or improper food. —Every person who lights a lamp or has another do it, should look abont the room and impress the mind with what blanket, rug, shawl, or spread, made of wool, could he quickly caught up and used to stifle and extinguish tha flame. Half the danger of any acei dent is cured when one knows at once what to do. —Strawberry Pie.—Pick over and cap the berries, arrange in layers in a shell of pastry, and sprinkle with a good coating of sugar, very full, as strawberries shrink very much iu cooking. Cover with crust and bake. Other berry pies can be made in the same way, using sugar ac cording to the sweetness of the berry, —Parsleyed Potatoes.—Peel, quarter and wash as many potatoes as required, boil quickly in salted water until just tender, strain at once, and let them steam for a few seconds over the fire;! add a liberal piece of butter and let it melt over the potatoes. Then strew over them some finely chopped parsley, cover, and taking the handle with one hand and holding the lid down with the other, shake the saucepan so that the potatoes turn over a Mv times, then dish at once. This is an excellent way of preparing old potatoes. —The proper way to test seed corn certain number of grains, say fifty, and plant them in a little trench of uniform depth. One lot should he eoverciBluvlf an inch, an other an inch, and a third an inch and a half. At the end of a week, if the weather is not unusually cold and wet, the covering should lie removed from a part of each row. of ten have sprouted the seed may be pronounced good. If at the end of two weeks there are nine sprouts above ground for every ten planted the seed may he regarded as excellent. Kill the shell to a is to count out If nine rams out WATER FOR PIGS. How to Prevent Cholera ;irnl Other Infect iouH or Coutaffi Investigations show that, of all .farm animals tit Dlseau if th* 1 swine plagut more than any other should have pun water from a well. The microbe pro* dticing the dread di plague may be water: hence it is in •arried a stream of isf to allow hogs to drink from a stream, though fed In are kept under bad ve on tho if h< springs conditions stream, matter for months with anvwhore al The lierobe may lie ii moist t having its vitality impaired, hence it is folly tc allow hogs to drink fro disease has stream when within prevailed sonic months jynong hogs anywhere land from which the •ater enters the stream above, and may so suddenly or unawares make j its appearance, that it is allow hogs to drink fron danger from stagnant water is as great. While the microbes can find their way into it from only a limited territory, such The danger is so great, never wise to :i -Iream'. Tile vater always a a contains •gam, matter, making conditions favorable to the life of the microbes, and they may exist in it, with evil power unim-, paired, for weeks or months. Aside - oftener an injury than a benefit. Nor does every well yield pun* water, | free from contamination. If the sur* face vater is allowed to mter it, thor is as good a chance of its being tainted as there is of a pool being tainted. Nor will the passage of the water through ! a few feet of loose soil filter out the disease germs, ''is the unsuspected cause of disease; there are many eases of their being proven the sources of typhoid fever, etc. The well, to he safe, must lie fed by an un derground stream, and it is all the bet ter if it he at least twenty feet below the surface. The soil sinml.l he taken I'" ■ells are often away from around the well for several feet back, and replaced with clay I stamped solid. And if the month of; the well lie lower than any of the sur round, make a bank of day I roundi around it so high that no surface water Have a tight curb to ex clude mice, etc.; tint not one that will : can get in. not allow tlie air freely to enter tlie well. I Snell a well will yield swine, and for other farm : well. The very rapid advance of tiled search has shown that tlie eonta-' gious or infectious diseases, terrible in ; tltoir nature, once blamed on evil spit its, are caused by minute lurking in moist, foul ground, or de r drink I safe drink for imals at* mtsm* caving matters; in our food, most often in the latter. The best pro- j vision for tin* he dtli of involves and animals, is water fron from tion .—American Agriculturist. mtamina I The Girl Who Works. The girl who works—God bless her! She is brave ami active. She is not proud to earn her >xvti living yr ashamed to be caught at her daily task. She is studious and painstaking i and patient She smiles at you from behind counter or desk. There is a I memory of her own sown into each silken gown. She is like a beautiful mountaineer already far up the hill, and the sight Of her should be a fin* j inspiration for us all. It is an honor to know this girl—to be worthy of her regard. Her hand may he stained bv i factory grease or pri,iter's ink, hut i't is an holiest hand and a helping hand, It stays misfortune from many homes; it is one shield that protects many n f forlorn little family from tho alms house and the asylum. —Si, Louis Christian Advocate. GOODS FROM j CX2^*CIiTiT-A.TI. Queen City Club, Spring Water, Billy Moore, wmm. '• ' j \ LjIflH A. Month * 1 ! j ! I j ! j ! ' i Sole Agents. Satisfaction Guaranteed io 'every Instance ALCOHOL IN ANY QUANTITY. JUGS FREE. . B. H. GORDON, -DEALER IN Choice Staple and Fancy Groceries, Canned Goods, Candies, Cigars and Tobacco Goods Delivered in any part of the City Free of Charge. 3 . FJ. Lld^FGLD, South Side Square, : Grenada, CQiss. -EEALTR ZVT - Fine Watches, Clocks, Silverware 1 AND 3EWEuI^Y. i I^epaii^ing of Fine Batches a Specialty. J. F. MOSS, TXT Staple and Groceries Cigars, Tobacco, Canned Coods, Candies, ITmts, Etc. EEPOT STREET, CfREITAIjA, Z£Z OS. Money to Loan! OK Containing not less than Eighty Acres, in cultivation. From 3 to 7 vears. at ten per ^ cent, per annuo*. .No shipments of Cotton S3. T. I=axrn.e. IMPROVED FARMS ! XHi n0 is Cdltral R. R. THE POFVT.AR Through Car Line BETWEEN THE North and South, I of; Buffet Sleeping Cars an all the Through Trains. I Connections at Chicago with all : Buffet and Dining Car Lines to Tilt: I At St, I.ouis, in Union Depot, for all I'OFNJ'S NORTH AND WEST, ; At New Orleans with : eitie for all points in Texas, Mexico With I., k N. for Mobile. Montgoin I erv, Jacksonville, Kin..ami all points ill tlie South East. Noitll. EftSt il 11 (1 West utlinrn l'a* .1 California. j n. a. G. P. A., i, Q. P. A„ Truffle Maii.iL' New Orleans Chicago J. MV. Colemoi A. It. If mum T. J. Huils. I K. T. Jrffl l irnenU Ma;. ^ , , Granite, American ! •AN I i I Italian Marble! ! i j Q( | maglnaMe design and at I . . . I " lmo ®' '' r,c *'' rn '" * 2 , i Tl,ese "roestones and Monuments •« ,,ia ' 1 ® of th ® ver - v b, ' sl i,arl ' ,e ' b >' competent workmen, and present a ' handsome finish. I f wn prepared to supply the public TOMBSTONES! with monument! of any description, I St prices below those offered by any | other agency. Respectfully, N. C. ItOON. | j LOUISVILLE, New Orleans ;Texas RAILWAY. MISSISMri'I VALI.KV KOL'TE) THEPOPULARLINE BETWEEN Memphis, Greenville, Vickshu r<f. But on Ron Je and .Yew Orleans. TRAVERSING a MAGNIFICENT AND EVEN DU-TERESQUE COUNTRY, Th** RIcr 1 ftujr Pla »n«l r<*n Tic* MUtl •iully interv^ttnn thc observant II is.- nn.l Kcfi of Pa Rouge nre c and never pall to pl< paRseufif Between Momphli hrnufrh sc ion*in tho and Viokebi io of the finest Cett£« Ya/os'i- MlMffftlppt tion of the ItM v Plai m fertile nci i<- ilt tlie try earth. The Equipment end Ph ! ,hp * .1 condition c* G Pi.rltcuiac, a high !-■ rnotl f .. ■ I lie iu« i lie comfort a y of pa Offers. ! Magnificent Pulli Buffet sapping C»rj Orlcunh via bet' Louisv Id ruitl N Memphis wUln change. f»-ra*Kemror* should puc«h i tbi« li I £ oke ., „, t , lrc ,„ I n«iiircs*, P ' vice rr I - Tickets via p! It ts emphatically the most attrac tive route in the South to*day. Tables, Maps, Fohler*, amt Trice oa H B. MAURY, J Ik, . Agent, Memphis, Tc R. W. How, Ocn'l. Hass. AgU icu'l. Trav. P oi J. M. EDWARDS, . A Oen'l Man'gr., Mr ipliis, Term C. J. Austin A Co. have a verjt I large stock of misses' and childrens' | Double-Knee Stockings, the best | manufftulured, at astonishingly low j pricea.