The (Grenada (Kazette.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE OF ÇRENADA COUNTY.
VOL. IV.—NO. 20 .
GRENADA, MISS., THURSDAY. JANUARY 3 , 1889 .
J R. T. IMYMÎ.
i Editor nud Proprietor.
pusan City Club,
I Spring Water,
Satisfaction Guarnntesd in.every instance.
OllOI, IN ANY QUANTITY.
Choice Staple and Fancy
' ;nined Goods, Candies, Cigars and Tobacco
Goods Delivered in any part of the City Free of Charge.
< 3 . [email protected](FOIxD, •
South Side Square, : Grenada, ffliss.
-Era.LEB TUT -
i^EPAii^iNG oh Fine Œawghes a Specially.
J. F. MOSS,
TTOA T.V H ITT
Cigars, Tobacco, Canned Goods,
Candies, lETr-olts, ISTmts, Etc.
STHEET, GrïiBiT - A.3DJL, ÂÆISS.
oney to Loan!
Containing not less than Eighty Acres, in
cultivation. From 3 to 7 years, at ten pei
cent, per annum. No shipments of Cotton.
Apply to ^a37-rL©.
Illinois Central R. R.
Throutrli Car Line
North and South.
Buffet Sleeping Cars on all the
Con nee! ions nt Chicago with all
Jin I jet and Dining Car Lines
North, East and West
At St. Louis, in Union Depot, for ail
POINTS NORTH ANI) WEST.
Al New Orleans with Southern Pa
cific (or al I points in Texas, Mexico
Willi L. A N. for Mobile, Montgem
sn , Jacksonville, Fla.,aud all points
' in the South East.
! W. Coleman, A. Ü. P. A„ N«w Orleans
A, 11. Hanson, O. I*, A.,
T. J. Hudson, Traffic Manager, .
E. T. Jeffery, (Jsnsral Mnnsgrr,.
Of every Imaginable design and at
almost every price, from (2 up
Vhr*e Gravestones snd Monuments
made of the very best Marble, by
P «teilt workmen, and présenta
X*ffi prepared to supply the public
witli monuments of any description,
*1 prices below those offered by any
»thrr agency. Respectfully,
N. d KOON.
New Orleans ïTexas
(MISSISSIPPI VALI.KV ROUTE)
and Mew Orleans
TRAVERSING A MAGNIKICEN1
AND EVEN PICTURESQUE
Th« Rte* and Rogsr Plantation« and gnat
maMlve Itiigur Bouse« and KeAnorlea «outk
of Union Rous« art especially in lore« tin*
and nevar pall to pleaae tba observant
Bet wean Memphle ao* Vlckaburt the 11 m
posse« through nnw of the flooat Cottoi
Plantation« Hi tha Yasoo-Mlaaiaslppt Delta
the moat fartUe agricultural «aeUac af <
try aa earth.
The Equipment and Phyateal Condition «I
the lino an *nt-elaa« la avery particular,
permitting a high rata of apead and Inaartag
tha oamfort and «airly of paaaangam.
MsgnlSaeat Pullnea Buffet Weeping Cell
run between Lenlav en* New Orleena vie
Mempfele without «beuge.
|y -p— um« «Beel* w w e b eee Hebet» vM
tblellnel I» le emphatically the meet ettrae
Uv* route la the Boutb to-day.
Tor Time Tablai, Hepa, Foldern, and Prim of
Gen 'I. Tmv. Pam. Agent, Memphle, Teen* m
p. R. Roanne,
Am'L G. P. A.
F B. MAURY, Ja,
X. W. How,
J. M. BDWARDH,
Vlee-Frae. A Oen'I. Mnn'gr., Memphis, Tens
0. J. Austin * 0». hgve a very
large stock of mlseee'and eblldrenn 1
Double-Knee Stockings, the bet*
manufactured, al astonishingly low
Let at rest ourselves a bit,
Worry?—wave your hand to It—
Kiss your flnger-tlps: and smile
It farewell a little while.
Weary of the weary way
We have come from yesterdafc
Let us fret us not, instead,
Of the weary way ahead.
Let us pause and catch our breath
On the hither side of death,
While wo see the tender shoots
Of the grasses—not the roots.
While we yet look down—not up—
To seek out the buttercup
And the daisy, where they wav«
O'er the green home of the gruvu.
Let us launch its smoothly on
Listless billows of the lawn,
And drift out across the main
Of our childish dreams again,
Voyage off, beneath the trees,
O'er the llcld's enchanted seas
Where the lilies are our sail*.
And our seagulls, nightingales.
Where no wilder storm shall beat.
Than the wind that waves tho wheat.
And no tempests burst above
The old laughs we used to love.
Lose all troubles—gain release.
Languor and exceeding peace,
Cruising idly o'er the vast.
Calm mid occan of the past.
Let us rest ourselves a bit,
Worry?-wave your band to it.—
Kiss you finger-tips and smilo
It farewell a little while.
■m't Whitcom'j lt;l*y , in Uoia* Miqci'hi.
THE COWBOYS' DUEL.
Novel Way in Which Two Dispu
tants Settled Their Difleronces.
They Ithle Two Wild, Fiery Steer« for th«
ChainplouHliin with l'nsalMlitdoi'ÿ
aud i?:in\a^)iwr ftost.Un -
Declared a Draw.
Among tlio cowboys of the Western
cattle ranchos, riding, shooting, and
casting the lariat aro feats of skill on
which all pride themselves, and in
which it is an especial honor to excel.
A cowboy's reputation, in fact, ninong
his follows, depends Very largely on
his adroitness in these essentials to his
business. Hence there is often a warm
rivalry, and many disputes take place
among them ns to their rclalivo per
sonal .kill in these arts.
We found tho little party of cowboys,
near which we had camped at tho
Sierra La Sal, no oxcoption to the rule.
Between two of them—"Broncho Bob"
nud "Charley," as they were familiarly
called—there had long been botli ri
valry nud jealousy as to which was the
bettor rider. True, Bob had for years
worn with pride the nickname
"Broncho," bestowed on account of a
grand exploit in breaking a wild horse,
but Charley was a groat horse-tamer,
too, and contemptuously disputed Bob's
claim to tho camp championship.
One day. when we were all riding
together, the two fell to bantering each
other, as usual, on this old question of
skill. Tho herd boss, aftor listening to
them awhile, broke in with:
"Why don't you fellers settle this
thing some way or 'nuther, V quit this
everlastin' jaw? Fact is, they can't
neither of you ride wuth shucks fur all
you make seeh a blow about it."
Tho tirade turned the wrath of both
of them upon him, and after they had
abused him for a few minutes, he said,
winking aside to the others: "Well,
never mind me; I know I can't ride 'ith
you fullers, but I've got an idea—"
"Know an idee when you see it?"
"Hold tight to it, fur fear you'll
never git another," they chuffed him.
"Well, I was always too ginerous
fur my own good, an' I'm goin' to split
this idee up, an' divide it among you
fellers, so's to let you see fur wunst in
your lives, w'at kind of a lookin' thiug
un idee is. "
"All right; trot 'or out!"
"Better rope it, so's 'twon't git
away from ye!"
"Handle itkeerful! It mlghtkiek!"
"No danger; 'taint big enough!"
"Don't foteli'er out too sudden;
might skeer tho bosses!"
"That idee must bo mighty lonely,
rottlin' round' thoro it: your skull all
by itself !"
"Well," said Little, when this storm
of rudo wit had died away, "my idee
is, fur you fellers to ride a dooel."
" 'Ride a dooel?' What d'ye moan?"
"Why, lot each of you lcotch the
wildest, fieriest steer he kin git his
lass' on te-morrer, V then nex' day let
Bob take the ono Charley ketches, V
Charley take Bob's 'n' ride 'em, V
witchever sticks on longest, lie's the
champion, V 'tother un keeps his lip
buttoned for tho rost of the season.
What d'ye say?"
"Bueno! Good enough!" cried both,
in a breath.
"Ye kin each choose a rofreo, V
them two kin choose a jodge."
"All right!" criod Charley. "I'll
take tho parson for my referee."
"Little Billio," referring to me, a
nickname of Little's, "'s good enough
for mo!" chanted Bob.
So the match was made to bo ridden
the next day but one, and Little and I
wero to arrange all details.
"But," I objected, "I don't know any
thing about tho duties of a referee.
What am I Hupposod to do?"
"Why, of we git inter a row, you're
to decide In favor of your man, V I'm
to decide in favor o' mine, an' then the
jodge, he's to settle it," Little ex
"Why not Jot tho judge settle it at
"Wall, it don't look ei ef there was
much use fur refroos, but that's the
way they do at the races at Santy Fee,
so I reckon it's all right. Who'll we
have for jedge?"
"Don't care; name him yourself."
"How'll the Cap'n"— meaning my
"He'll suit me well enough. It Ibo
match to be rid don under eaddlo and
or bareback ?"
"Saddle, I reckon: aînt no man livin'
Cud sit a steer two minutes bareback;
skin's too loose."
'•We-e-ll-H, no; more fun ithout, I
reckon. Might tie a piece o' ropo to
tho horns to hold on by."
"Of course; want the thing lively,
.So the arrnr.gôlHonts were made, and
Oil tho appointed morning wo all gath
ered to see tho "doooli"
Charley had ibuiglit tt "line-back"—
dark red with a utreak of white down
the back-bone—and Bob, a "magpie,"
or black and white spetied. j
Doth \vi*ro as Wild as deer* arid Acted !
By tho use of lariats the
steers were "stretched," and the sad
dies, each prrtYuicd With lui tlxtrrt
rin elle, or broad horse-hair girth, were
put on; one cincho passing around the
chest and t he other ai'oiind thö body
just hdblnd thö forö-lö^s. Both oltidheë
Wore drawn as tight as possible, itnd
both animals were blindfolded, arid led
out On the phlltl where a fair Start
might be had.
The riders took theîl % places by thé
sides of their respective steeds, wait
Ing for tho word to mount and ride. ,
"Arc you ready?" ^
In the same breath, tho lariats were
freed from tho horns, the blindfold« :
were «notched Hff, Itild the riders
Vaultcd into their saddles, Bob on the 1
io bnch, and Charley on the magpie; I
For . a minute, both thd äfilifiiÜä
a ÖCU\ed dazed at the sudden change
from darkness to light, till the riders'
touched them with the spurs, and
shrieked "liööp-la-a! va-ca-a!" Then
they both started, tho line-back horb
son tally, striking down the valtby at
the lop of its speed, and the magpio
Vertically, doing some straight up-and
down jumping and plunging, that
would have done credit to the most
vicious budltlriji thomilid. j
As I was Ch".'ley's referee, I stayed
to watch the 'antics of the magpie,
while Little set off at full spew) to
turn the line-back, that we might hot i
lose that part of the sport, ft was a
hot. chase, hut Little finally overtook
and headed him back in oui' direction. I
Meanwhile, each rider Was yelling ai
I the top of Ins voice, and touching up
j his vicious und already maddened aui
As the line-back came racing down
on us, the magpio caught sight of him,
and, ceasing his bucking, droppsd '
head, and, with a bellow of rago,
rushed straight for tho incomer, who,
nothing loath, accepted the challenge; I
and, with an answering bellow of deli- 1
•o lowered his horns, and put on an
nddiiiotinl burst of spaed. In vain tho
riders tugged and hauled at the rope
bridles—they mightas well have tried to
hold a "rogue-elephant" with a strand
of sowing silk! In vain the rest of us
—judge, referees and spectators dashed i
forward to prevent tho collision—wo
were too late. 1 he shock was terrific.
The two riders were hurled into each
other's arms, ns if launched from a
catapult, with a "thud!" that followed
tlio crash of their colliding steeds as !
the "spat!" of a ball against tho tar
get follows the report of the gun.
As Charley was the heavier weight,
his momentum overcame that of Bob,
and clasped affoetionatoly in each
other's arms, they shot backward ovosn
line-hack's tail, and rolled over aud j
over in tlio dust, an involved tangle of
waving legs and arms! Wo rushed to
pick them up, whilo tho two
chargors, their pugnacity complete
ly knocked out of them by
tlio resounding impact, drew apart,
gazed stupidly at oacli for a moment,
and then, with a frightened low,
lumbered away across tho valley.
When tho two "jockeys" had been
picked iqi and dusted off, wo wore able
to ascertain tho extent of their in
juries. One of Bob's front tooth was
gone and his noso was bleeding.
Charley had several square inches of
skin raspod off his forehead, and a
tremendous bump over ono eye. Each
had the breath pretty woll knocked out
Leaving them in my hands for sur
gical aid, the rest of tlio boys set off
hastily aftor tho fugitivo steeds.
Brought hack panting and sullen, tho
rivals pluckily insisted on riding out
tho match; but John, as judge, decided
that inasmuch as the steods wero evi
dently unfit for further duty that day,
it should bo decided a drawn game;
and that the two contestants' should
each be given a modal of solo-leather,
and be hereafter known as The Twin
Champions and Binomial Hough-riders
of the Sierra La Sal. — H. P. Vfford, in
—"Mick," according to tho Now
York Sun, is a corruption of Mike, in
its turn a nickname for Michael. A
"mick" is a rowdy, a tough; we pro
sumo the name was first applied
by somo man, who, having in mind a
particular ne'er-do-well Michael, lik
ened liis new acquaintance to him,
calling him "a regular Mick."
—A Scotch lassie Objected to her
lover's smoking, and said to him:
"Choose botweon your cigar and me."
He promptly chose the weed, and the
girl sued him for breach of promise.
The court hold that by offering the al
ternative she was responsible for the
—Vocalists are not always oppressed
with care, but the well-known tenot
frequently looks upon his sola w •
HABITS OF GORILLAS.
Contrary to Common Belief, it is Now
Stated That They Can Not Walk.
There tire marked points éf differ,
öilöe between thö chimpanzëo and gofr
MÎài ïhë ears éf a chinipa:.zeé at*6
large, pink and stand out widely frörtl
thö head, but those of thé gorilla are
Very PnuUL blaëk; and are pressed
Against the sidos of tho head, like thdstf
Thrt hrtrids bt the gorilla kre unlike
those of any other known monkey.
The fingers, instead of being free as
far rts thé palm df the hand, are united
tö thö Ih'st ktiuoki**-Joint, ko that
they can not ho spread. Thé ffitiis, IfD
stead df being Idng, convex and Claw
j like, ns aro those of th» chimpanzéé.
! are Comparatively short and flat, ilôt
reaching td thé ënd* of the fingers,
and much resembling those of mail.
CWtrafy to former belief, it is now
^claimed that the gorilla tab hot walk j
or even stand on its hind foet, as tho
weight of the body is borne entirely by
thö üütëidé ödgdd of thé little toes,
When adult, tho gorilla 6ccafik>iirtl!£
runs for h few yards tipdn its hind feet*
but is obliged id balance itself by liöld
ing the hands over the head.
I hat it should fight in the erect posi
tion, as stated by Du Chîiilhij itpttyj
, Ically impossible; so with theodrum
^ ming on tlm breast of which l)u
■ " ..a "ni j ' i 1
! rimt tho gorilla does make a drum- ,
nnng noise is true enough, but it pro- |
: ducos the sound by beating a hollo.» .
J-w«. Ul '" dol By' fiti'ikiiiÿ Its breast. ;
1 l'*' ß natives are not afraid of it. Say
I ing: "Soko"—another of its names—
''Jf it fiia.1, Hnd bmltlntf bad iri him. '
When attacked it mostly bites oil the
man's fingers and lets him go. .
Like the orang-outang, it twists to
gelber branches o! tree?, fiml rests
«P«n them. Tho natives laugh at it,
beertuse whfcri rain falls heavily the j
gorilla fitivofi thinks of ereepnig under t
the platform which it has fiuiaë, But
sits in the rain with its hand* on its
brad, allowing the water to stream
j ii'oiii thé hair of its êlBOwsi foi', inbl |
»11 tho anthropoid apes, it has the : p
long Bair of the upper arm pointing ;
downward from the shoulder to the j
i elbow, while that o( tho lower arm j
a points upward from tho Wrist. Wo j
when tho ape sits with Its hand, oil its ; r
I head, tho hair of the arm not. ns u i
tllatwl> > and «hoots the rain off the |
According to Doctor LivuigjiUiid,
the gorilla sometimes picks up a negro
baby and carries it about. The natives .
rescue it in rather an ingenious man- a
' 1,6,1 Ihey place a large hunch of
bananas in tho waÿ of the tfnrilla,
which seizes them with both hands
I and letfl tho baby drop. Hud the baby
1 boon one of its own kind, it would
havu cl, mg to its nurse. But, being a
human baby, it naturally fails, so that
the rescuers can drive away the anl- ;
nml and carry off their prize .—Qoldcn j
Bags. ^ ^
An I "* en,oa * ®* T ' C * f " r ''«""'«tion »"<• ;
; voted many years to electrical re- j
I T", ' 1 J ' an invention ,
whirl, ere long may come into genera ,
household use. It consists of a neat
box containing a peculiar hermometer
and hygrometer, with electrical at- |
ac men e pm post s o ic ap
paratus are many If the ^m^rature
cd the reom goes abov^e or below limits
fet by occupants the expanding or e
. . ., , . . , . ..
eter establishes an electrical circuit
which opens or closes a hot or cold-air
register, and keeps it open or closed
until the desired temperature is re
stored. Beyond tho ordinary limits
aro what aro termed "danger limits."
The higher one is intended as a firo
detector, and is so arranged as to ring
an alarm boll or gong, and where there
is a tank provided to turn on a stream
of water. Tlio lowor is intended for
green-houses and conservatories, and
likewise makes an alarm when
ever the temperature falls to a
point low enough to endanger
tho plants. The hygrométrie attach
ment acts in the samo mannor regard
ing humidity as the thermomotric does
respecting tempe rature, its only prac
tical application, so far as the inventor
makes claim, is to give notice to a
florist when the air in a conservatory
becomes too dry, or to a refiner or other
manufacturer tho atmosphere of whoso
drying-room bccomos too moist to bo of
The instrument Is now in uso in tho
vaults of some of our great breweries,
where lager beer must bo kept be
twoen 40 and 50 degrees Fahrenhoit.
and in the "cold storages" of tho load
ing soa-ports, where fish, poultry,
game, eggs, fruits, fine vegetables and
tobacco are "rofrigeratiod" and pre
served for weeks and oven months. It
has also been utilized by metropolitan
architects, who connect it with the
furnaces and cold air flues of tho latest
styles of palatial houses. Whon
it is necessary, as in largo breweries
and cold storages, the circuit is so ar
ranged as to produce an alarm nt the
place where the trouble ,'oocurs, and
nlso in a central office or superintend
ent's room. The fire alarm can also be
connected with tho nearest fire and po
lico station.—,V. Y. Letter.
—Young Mr. Bummer—"My dear,
didn't you enjoy my letters whilo I was
away? I flatter myself that I write
spicy letters." Mrs. Bummer—"Yes,
I should say you carried your letters
in tho samo pocket with your cloves
for about three days before mtitUng
thu«-"— Burlington Free Press, -
Th« 1Life tiittitry at the Mont Aceom»
pllslied Ll»l* at Mief Crtitnrji.
i)oos uny One nowaday« rdrtd Baron
Miinchausori, dr has he been finite su*
perseded by Juiea V«rne and othor
modern wonder-workers? Îtî 1785 up*
peared a riiirrative df ^Marvelous
Travels and Campaign^ in Russia,"
published under tho n&mo of
Munchausen, ihedgfh its author was
E. R. Raspe, a nativo oi Ca?w*l. As
Ihd Munchauscns wero actually an old
and powerful family, H is rather sur
prising that Raspe should fill Yd adopted
their name, though an ingenious reason
fat* M# doing so has been recently
Before his time* there appeared in
Halberstadt a handsomö, well-dressed
stranger, Who called himself Baron
Carl Friedrich Muncllauson. lie was
well received there, And soon married
j ;n elderly heiress, ivfco considered his
tülö an ample exchange for hel* money,
The Baron toiu her dazzling stories of
his wealth, although he cdiffossod that
it was at the time so involved by a law*
suit arid ftlindry other legal complica
tions, that he could fUH obtain the use
Of In order to hasten thtted pro
ceedings, hé proposed going to the
north of Germany,and tllcy accordingly
wont wJ Jc**r; near which tlmro was
an estate actually tfcAorijrlny ,o the
Munchnusons, nnd on this property the ,,
, H arüil ;;h"'mpted to raise money by
| means of mortgages. Neither the ten
. un is nor nmarlus aimbiuJ lus into to j [
; the estates, but the morn cautious |
moliet'-lMidBrS Insisted on delay and 0
further ins|)dttlkm of his Claims.
' Meantime, tho «mW rtild Ms wife j
woré CÖrdially entertained by theuoigli
boring dignitaries) who were »e' - "'j
tir( ,j 0 f hearing about his "xt.raordi- ;
n#nr adventures. Ho had vteited tb* !
j| 0 i y l Al id, Oreooe, Egypt, Nubia, and j
j 1(l j nios t rdninfkabie tales to tell ol |
t j, 0 events which fae/oli hid in those
couutrios. One day, however, ho wen!
too far, and referred to his previous
marriage with a daughter of Major
| (ion.fal tori Werder. One of thulia tot
: p rcsc nt seeilleit riiuch fwrplexed, and
; finally told Munchatieen that she
j not , n the? least understand this
j statement, as she knew that General
j von Werder', only daughter had mar
; r i ec ] a gentleman in [Saxony. The lia
u i ron blushed, stammered, and admitted
| that ho lutd manufactured the entire
Strange IS say, his acquaintances
mcre iy luughtkj ri« the occurrence, and
. contented themsolves with Calling him
a boaster. As yet they did not döiibt
bis pretensions. Suddenly the town
^ electrified by tho news that the
Karon's wife llad beori shot while lyiug
in heI . be d. it wits the Baron who j
fomuj her, but she was quite (load j
a wh e U he gave tho alarm, and though i
be appeared to bo frantic witli grief,
; ho could make no suggestions in re
j ^ u , the possible murderer. All
the evidence obtained by tin) police
pointed to bis Ow'd giliti, and lie was
accordingly arrested. Then there
; were found among his papers letters
addressed to Baron Seharrenschild,
and ho confessed under pressure that
j his tnl0 Manw< W)d that ho
, MundhaUsem Al- !
, u wa3 kllown that Uo hlul nn
^ in his v .. lfi; ', (1eatu> being
j„ ,, ped of hcI . moa h °
| t 01lW not acknowledge that as the
reason but declared that he had done
d d j altelu tin t0 ghoot a pcl
w h had a ' b ed him . This
e ^ )lanatlü „ 01llv ))m v u d that ho was
willing to lie to the last, as neither lie
„ . , , ,
nor tue Baroness had such a dog.
Application was made to the real
Munchausens for any information they
might have concerning tlio Baron
Seharrenschild, and it came out that
tho impostor bearing that name had, i
with no recommendation except his
manner anil assurances, married and .
deserted a daughter of tho house. In !
1704 the man was executed under tlio !
name of Seharrenschild, but who he ,
wns and wlieneo he really came could ,
never be discovered,
ronces were not soon forgotton in tier
many, and any man who talked boast
fully of travels, duels or adventures
was said to be another Baron Mun
chausen. The oncyclopædiux attribute
the origin of the name to the existence
Munchausen, who was
famous for his largo stories; but as he
di'»! in 1797, and must, therefore, have
been living when the book was first
published, the account boro given
seems more probable. — (Jentlcman's
of a roal Ha
Queer Economical Streaks.
It is very strange how differently
tho economical streak is developed in
different persons. Wo once know a
well-to-do father of a family, who
thought that to hire a carriage for any
purpose, wuh to bespeak an instanta
neous removal to tho poor-house; there
fore, if his wife and daughters'
chanced, when nicely dressed, to gel
caught in a shower of rain, more dry
goods would bo ruined in the opera
tion of walking, umbrella in hand,
through it, than would pay for a car
riage several times over. Another
gentleman was so economical of wafers
as invariably to break ono in halves
when sealing a letter. Another
hoarded up the blank page of old let
ters to save stationery. And yet, in
other respects, theso good people were
not niggardly. If the reader will
take pains to question himself, very
likely the result will be the discovery
in himself of just such a queer vein ol
stinginess, about some little every-day
matter, not before sdll-auJtnowUdcod.
—.V. Y. Ledger,
Recent Discoveries *'«1 Experiment« %i
Eastern wood-worker» aro using
naphthaline as a wood preservative.
It 1» said to bo very effective, leaving,
the wood dry and with only a faint
A Swedish scientist claims to have
discovered the secret of petrifying
wood by artificial processes. He think»
it will he possible ore long to construct
edifices of wood and convert them into
As it takes three months and
costs nl,out five hundred dollars to
petrify a block of wood of tho dimen
sions of pna cubic inch it Will probably
bo some time before his process will
bo generally adopted.
A novel method of locating a leak in
a water main has been employed at
Rochester, N. Y., with entire success.
'The break In tho main was known to
be between tho banks of tho river. A'
solution of bl-permanganatc of potash
was introduced at a hydrant on the
side of tho river nearest the reservoir,
and observers were stationed on the
r i ver along tho line of the main. A
deep re dUh-purplo discoloration of
riv er water at one point soon mado
tR c oxnc t location of the leak apparent.*
^ mechanical engineer writing
a | >ont beltin^* materials advises ma
chinl , tH t0 solect belts of n light color
,, preference to others. "Tho host
write9> .. hl4S ftn nnmig .
. ,. ' color, which indi
j [ ' ates is uch only nil onk-tanned,
| that the i eat her has been thor
0 j, Farhad by the currier to re
move all matter except the fiber The
j u „ h t-buff color also indicates that
only the best quality of greases have
been used; if the latter are (T. f inferior
; tliey darken and impair tho
! Lii s ' ;
Ono of tho troublesome questions
which architects have never boon able
to settle is the placing of permanent
foundations under large buildings. The
latest experiment tried in tin's city, ac
cording to the American Architect , is to
-before commencing the foot
ings—the entire area of therexciyi'Till I Oll
tion ef the buS'einr -
•tratum - ' 1 il 1 H i J S
depth of this D . 1 ^ \ V
and its object is to strengthen Tub
that the sen tinmen"' may be reduced
to a minimum.— Chicago News.
Whoever has attended a p ace o
worship must have noticed that the
storm of coughing which prevail*
j therein, and the throat-clearing, which
j moves like a
i before the church music, are not whol
ly ft Storni phenomena. hey are to w
large extent »voidable evils, bred of
habit and thoughtless imitation, and
their very desirable reduction is there
loro by no means ^
where a basis of disease unu?i lies the
explosion, a little self-control, could
usually do something to lesson its fo.-co
or its frequency. The same is of course
doubly true in the ease of the merely,
! habitual cougher. A variety of medic
lna l aids might, moreover, he used in
support of such voluntary efforts,
There is, lastly, tho option of rofraiu
ing from the use of tho voice in woi
ship should every other means fail to
assure that reascnablo degree of quiet
which is natural and decent in public
worship. Remonstrance o.t the part
of tho officiating clergymen ».noms
another possible remedy, ana a,
preacher must indeed bo often tempted
to reprove this form of disturbance ns
much in the interest of his hearers as
COUGHING IN CHURCH. \
An Evil Kred of Habit and Apparently
rabble of wrong note»
i interference might be useful,
not doubt that it lias from time to time
. been resorted to. It must bo remem
! bered, .however, that nowhere are tact
! and temper so needful as in the pulpit,
, and that, however easy of use this cor
, rectivo may appear, it would be un
wise to establish any set method of
restraint in a case where so much de
Occasionally bis judicious
ponds on personal discretion. A no
tion affixed at each entrance-door
would probably better answer the same
purpose. In one respect, indeed, botli
clergymen and their lay assistance are
open to somo degree of blame in tho
matter. Tho orrangomonto fop tiout
ing and ventilation are defective in al
most every church. By seoking out
and amending any evident orrors in
theso respects the official members of
a congregation would nt least be doing
what they could to abate tlio coughing
nuisance.— London Lancet.
Progressive College Life.
The process of civilizing American
colleges has gone on gloriously for tho
last throe or four years. No ono case
of fatal hazing has boon reported thi*
fall. The practice is abolished front
nearly all colleges of high rank, and
for the most part without the interfer
ence of tho trustees or faculties.
Yale Sophomores recently voted
against it, nnd this wil! probably
abolish it forever from that Institution.
Cane-rushes are sometimes rough, but
they aro not bridal, tyrannical ami
worse dement of culture for our young
men than to suppose it manly, by
numbers and force, to browbeat and
make sport of a harmless stranger.
The contemptible habit, when resist
tnee was offered, led to brutality that
vould shame savages. Probably net
mo of the leading colleges but has on
its record at least one hazing that
•nded fatally—in plainer English a cas*
st murder.—5'L Louis Ulohe-Omoerat,
There could be no
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