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m H m ■W| V K \ IKT THINGS ESSENTI A L, TTlSriT- g;^ iST A I.X, T ETUvra-B. CHA RITy, WINONA, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 5. 1890. Nt t VOL. 4. —* j — ! I our ! to the ery its 80 the to Dakota Rural ist, to THE NEW PARMER. 3? !, PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. ' SUBSCRIPTION ; sim ro COUNTY SECRETARIES. We send a copy of this issue to every county secretary in the State and we earnestly request each one to send us the time and place of their April meetings. We do this that we may publish give information to the leading men of the order who desire to visit coun ty meetings. Please give this prompt attention. the list, and thus The alliance of Arkansas claims to have a membership of 100,000. The heavy rains, wind and hail of the past week has done much damage in the Southern States. The South Carolina Exchange has been opened at Greenville and is doing business for the order. The South Dakota State Alliance has bought the and will in future publish their own organ. E. D. Chase, a farmer of Dakota, lias been appointed one Railroad Commissioners, world do move." Mossback politicians can take a back seat. No alliance man vote for such in the delegates to the Constitute vent ion. of the •'The will election föt al Con The teachers of Panola county will erect a monument to the mem ory of Capt. Rainwater who was atendeut ► / PHueaticv ! cf S '' Sr of to of a long tinu county fo; great uneasiness lest There v. the high waters will break the levees and overflow the rich delta We trust that no such country. disaster will be visited on our peo ple. The alliance is proving itself a great educator of the masses. Our people are studying economic ques tions as never before. There is a grand future in store for the organ ized farmers. A man was expelled from an al liance in Cobb county, Ga., for hav ing his cotton ginned at a gin where jute bagging was used, you hear some one say the jute light was over? We are receiving cheering news from different portions of the State. Our people have learned many prac tical lessons of economy and are reaping the benefits of the stand they have taken for the principles of the order. Quite a number of people from Carroll County have spoken iii fa vor of Sullivan and Conger as dele gates to the Convention, know the county could not do bet ter than to send these two men to the Convention. Of course no man will be debarred from a seat m the Convention be cause he opposed the calling of the same; but what we would like to know is liow he can conscientiously vote for a change when he thinks the old Constitution good enough ? The order in Georgia is oil a big boom. There is hardly a county in the State that is not contempiating some co-operative enterprise, us take heart from the work our brethren over there are doing, and renew our pledge to stand shoulder to shoulder in all our enterprises. Did to We Let . CONVENTION DELEGATES. No more important election was ever held in our State than the ones that are to name' the men who are to need our liest men. We want men of in tegrity to the front. There will be plenty of professional men brought to the front. We already see the columns of the secular press used to boost the names of lawyers and pol iticians for the place. We do not remember to have seen but very few farmerssuggested. We do not believe that any 'man's profession should disqualify him in the estimation of the people to be a. delegate, but ev ery profession and trade should have its proper representation in the con vention. This would give at least 80 per cent, to farmers, the fuss that has been made about farmers being prejudiced so much that they will not vote for lawyers, these gentlemen of the legal profes sions seem tp capture most of the office plums. We are free to say that we want to see the convention composed largely of farmers—Of course we waut to see the best, most prudent and successful farmers sent. We do not desire to see the body com posed wholy of men belonging to profession, but no fear need be entertained that every other trade will be represented in a greater pro portion than their numerical strength would warrant. Can't our people utilize the secular press to bring forward the names of their most available men? We earnestly hope that none but true Christian will be selected to revise our V our constitution. revise With all men organic laws. i Li W'O l A't }' lu Ufl C' j. 1 «À» ** A great duty rests upon the peo ple of this State and upon alliance men in particular, for they more than all others, secured the passage of the bill calling a constitutional convention. It is especially incum bent, therefore, on all alliance men to act intelligently in this matter. You will want to know what your brethren all over the State are do ing, and have a full interchange of sentiment on the new feature of the proposed constitution. Don't draw your inspiration from the street cor ner Farmer and be in the alliance line of thought. You cannot be abreast with the politicians, but read The New times unless yon read your own pa Some of the best alliance wri per. ters in the State will discuss the question before us. Commence now to become posted by sending in your name and the dollar. It is especially incumbent on our more enthusiastic members to urge all others to take the paper. The jute combination has dressed itself in a new name—"The Ameri Company." Eight mills are in the new pool, with a capacity of 31,300,000 yards. Fourteen mills are independent, with a capacity of 30,600,000 yards. The jute men were greatly amus ed when the farmers laid down the guage, and they are truth of the saying, best, who laughs last. Manufacturin can realizing the "He laughs V We send out a large number extra copies of this week's issue to parties who are not now taking the We ask a careful reading of of paper. the paper and your honest judge ment as to whether you can afford to do without the paper to save 2 cents a week. Little Folks is a neat semi-month ly published by G. S. Ellis, at Wal nut Grove, Miss. ■ fc >. rind sen io Riese : and 1 sr .er or la TREASURER UENJNGWAY. lhe people of A^nssippi were ^ greatly shocked when it was repoit od that Ex-Treasuret Hemingway was behind in his settlement. He has enjoyed the confidence of the people of the State to an unlimited , : w r . extent, ami iow who i^now him. ret • believe that there is anything wrong. A committee appointe 1 by the legis lature together with -Jfpu-ta are ex »mining into the matter now. and nothing definite will be known " , until they get uirougm We hope for the honor of the State that everything will come up straight. J. H. Beeman m a mem . , ... .- , i ner of tne.com mi ttee or um-stiaamn • ■ anu when he signs a report it will ; satisfy the alliance t'ut the bottom facts have been reach b j I ! GEN. WEST'S SPEECH. We publish in fob in tins issue the speech of Genei .i À. M pending coiisideratio: of the memo ria' to Congress lu- m'reduced in lower House s the which lias already ap i columns, IV, , ( *1hu The speech is a i ufujrr-piee though the memorialjr&s not adopt by the legislature, the sound reason the author is well worth a mg or careful study, and should be filed away for future reftver,cr : p ,r this question will come up : ter for settlement. The spirit of candor and fairness that permeates every fi'.e of Iris ar gument, and his beautiful and pa thetic reference to his formerslaves stamps him as a man looking to the general good of both races. __ STAFFORD':' Pf 'Of. 'Dr. ThotnAs A chased the above weRlt},td * is having a large hotel built onwhe grounds. He will also erect several cottages for rent to those who wish to bring their families to this health resort. We have been observing the ef fect of this water on certain classes of diseases—especially those affect ing the stomach, bowels and kid neys— for several years, and the marvelous cures effected convince us that there is no better water m the State. Dr. Washburn has already many applications, and all the rooms will be taken as soon as completed. We call attention of farmers to the advertisement of W. S. Turner & Co. These gentlemen will treat you light. It has been the case that farmers have not been able to utilize profitably the products they deal in and these gentlemen will make it to the interest of all to give them a call. They carry a line of confectioneries and groceries that they sell cheap. The Board of Directors of the Central Fair and Live Stock Associ ation of Grenada are taking steps to perfect all arrangements for the coming fair. Hawes, the tripple murderer, was liung in Birmingham last Friday. He left a written confession which has not yet been made public. Serious charges have been pre ferred against. Prof. Cocke, President or the I. I. & C. The Board of Trustees are investigating. to of of John Jacob Astor, the wealthiest in the United States, died at man liis home in N. Y. on the 22nd of 2 February. Speaker Madison was presented with a fine silver service and clerk Wilson with a fine gold-headed cane. Aberdeen has had another fire. OU U LA TEST AND BEST. We offer for 30 subscribers the Victoria Casket containing one set of knives, one set of forks, on set of table-spoons, one set of tea spoons, one sugar spoon and one butter knife, all triple-plated and : from the Wallingford Silver Co., 1 and inclosed in a satin lined case. This premium is well worth a strong effort. Who will be the first to claim this premium? Delegates to tile Convention. To the Elitor of The New Farmer: I know of no one man in the State whom i think can exercise a better influence in getting out the best men es candidates to be sent to the Constitutional Convention than yourself. I do hope you will give your best efforts to this mat ter. The work of framing a new Constitution to meet, remedy or ^ ^ <Weaed danger , and ^ et not con fli c t; with the new aulPodni0 nta to the Constitution of t] 10 United States, is a very grave task. We ought to send the best and most conservative men in the State and not so many lawyers. Just see what a list of lawyers is . , . T , r Au- i mied up about Jackson. !. think ftl)0nf 0Be .f,fth of the delegates should be patriotic judges and law revs, but not more than that. Such men its it. 0. Patty and Gen. J. /. George I think are good men and we should nave as many such as can p c gotten out. No political demagogues or time-serving men should go there. Se|ds patriots «>d statesmen. Advocate the call i rig or the State A Ilian ee at an ear ° , . .. .. ■ ,, her date if it will give them anv ; fihv , w . \ do hope thé order wifi Leud a large share of delegates, j Please offer these suggestions to the I Hou. IL C. Patty, and if they meet ! liis appro it, ! I 1m will act tl, T ho 4 ' 1 - » .> ■ fitespectfully, P. S. McCormick. , Feb. 23. 1800. More Grass. The greatest labor saving con trivance of the ago is, more grass, more pasture. The farmer should select the level ground of the farm for tilled crops, and plant the hilly and rolling fields in grass. Grass feeds stock, and stock feeds the far mer. Not smaller farms necessari ly, but more grass on all the farms, both big and little, is to be the re storer of of prosperity in the South. We of the South can have green grass for cattle Jaml sheep all the winter through. The winters are mild with little snow and rain. With plenty of grass, there is not a day all the year round, except when snow covers the ground, that we cannot pasture cattle on green food. Grow giass, farmer. Blue grass, red top, orchard grass and Timothy —these are the best. And native grasses arc good.—Rural Messen ger. Forest, Mi A Fearlul l.oas. it is a great loss to plant poor seeds—a ioss to the patience aud a tutal loss to the season's efforts. The establishment of D. M. Ferry & Co., Detroit, Michigan, makes a business of raising and selling Garden and Flower Seeds adapted to all climates. As time goes on their seeds are more sought after, for they are good, true to name, fresh and just as represent ed. Send your name to the firm's address at Detroit, Michigan, and they will forward you a copy of their Seed Annual for 1890. Expelled. To the Eùitor of The New Farmer: Yo.u will please publish in your paper that Lewis Carmegns was ex expellgd from Salem Alliance, No. 99, on the 22nd dav of Februar v, 1890, Done by order of Salem Alliance. \V. J. Masengale, Sec. New Port, Miss., Feb. 26, 1890. Grenada will have a creamery and cold storage in operation in a short time. A five ton ice factory is to be erected also. Chicago secures the Worlds Fair after a heated contest. at of TÏIE ANXtrAL CEO They Are Said to Bo Far « the Farm Debt There seems to he a public de mand for statistics as to the farm indebtedness of the country. This demand has been crest cial clamor and by the «eciar, that the farm property of the coun try is raoiffl heavily burdened debt than any other class of proper ty. The statement is untrue, and it, would be worth while to procure debt statistics in order that the fact may be known. It was at first-pro posed that this information should be gathered bv census officials; but that wouid be impracticable. The National Bureau of Statistics could ascertain and publish the facts in a far lese time than it would require for the Census Bureau to place them before the people. A few fig ures relating to Illinois will showt© what extent farm property is bur indebtedness a* e value of farm property. The total mortgage in debtedness of the farms of this State is reported nt $142,006.000. These figures probably represent the total face of all the mortgages, regardless of the extent to which debts have been reduced by payments applica ble to the cancellation of the prin cipal. These mortgages 000,000 acres of land, the total acre age of the State being 35,000,000. The land that is mortgaged appears from the figures to be incumbered at the rate of f'IS an acre. Allow ing that all the land in the State is worth $20 an acre, the total would be |70(»,000,00u. is a debt of $142,000,000. no class or kind of property in the State so lightly incumbered as the farm property if these figures ap proximate with any nearness to the truth. In contemplating the re source-, of the farmers as compared to their indebtedness th* superiori ty of their condition to that of oth er classes is apparent. The horses, ! mu lea. cattle I this State ere the mere live stock on the faims would pay nearly all the farm in debtedness. The annual crops of the farms are far in excess of the farm debts. There is no other prop erty, business, or industry of which it can be said that the annual prod uct, or a portion of it, like all the live stock on a farm, would pay its entire debt. Let this information all come out.—Chicago Journal. THE CENSUS TAKERS. A Kepubllcan Paper Seen No < ood in Mortgage Statistic«. It, is impossible to see that any good purpose would be served by re quiring the census-takers to gather statistics with regard to the mort gage Whatever the facts may be concern ing the amount of such incumbran ces, the matter does not come with in the scope of federal legislation. Congress has no power to change the terms of the contract, or to re lease the debtor from any of his self-imposed obligations. The farm er who has borrowed not wisely but too much, deserves sympathy, of course; but there is no practical way for the law-making authority at Washington to rectify his mistake and reduce his burden to satisfacto ry proportions. The mortgage sys tem has been one of the controlling factors in the settlement and prog ress of that section of the country. If the people could not have obtain ed money in that way, they could not have transformed the empty prairies into cultivated e built the spread of civilization, discounted the future, as they had a right, to do, and as they were oblig ed to do in order to accomplish the laudable purposes which took them there. In some instances, no doubt, imprudence was manifested, and in others there were visitations of bad luck which no precaution could have kept out of the case. But, as a gen eral rule, it is safe to say the money has been intelligently borrowed and profitably applied.—St. Louis Globe Democrat. !T«S Ol' d !, ti Lion itli bened by mortgage compared with th >n 8, Ou this total there There is 'h-ev of 0Ö.OUO- — frth $1 ■ indebtedness of the farmers. a v, to es, and comfortable homes to mark They Starkville is to have a street ra - way which will extend from tins town to the college.