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divast himself of them than can the leopard change his spots or tfc« Ethiopian the color of his skin. At a rscent religious conven tion of negroes in the city of Milwankae, : Wie.. a committee on the state of the coun try «ubniiticd the following as a part of a j voluminous report: "Your committee ib unanimously of the opinion that our people, by a general exodus from the South to tho I rich, cheap and fertile lands of tho great Northwest, wcc.ld act wisely, und not only , gain their civil and political right, but a ! so by tilling the lands so easily obtained, soon become 'endtvnt producers, and the , same time bava an opportunity to educate j and maae their children useful. To this J end wa would recommend all our preachers ! who hnve^sny correspondence in the South j to mu ■' it known tothem and through them to our people^ tho raauy advantages which | ottr section of the country offers to tho poor und oppressed. j gene; ai exodus of the negro j South to the Northwest and South- ! west take place, it will doubtless help to j hasten th? abrogation of the fifteenth amend- j ment, for their presence in great numbers in the West will develop und give activity to racn antipathies no less there than here, for it is a mistake to suppose that the average Northern man is more friendly lo the negro than the Southern white man, or, ivies* im bind with race instincts. Thoy can "T. W. HENDERSON, ''Chairman of Committee." Should this from i DWELL TOGETHER PEACEABLY and prosper in either tho South or West by removing all social and politio&l conflicts. Gen. S. D. T.ee, president of our Agricul tural College, in a latter to tbe Hou. H. W. Grady, of Atlanta, Ga.,is reported ns having said: "Hero at the South the race problem is a fact, not s theory. Wo know moro about tho tho negroes than r.ny one else. There is a firm rovolro here. AVe intend as whites to rule, and preserve and transmit unimpaired to our children our Anglo-Saxon civilization. This duty overshadows every other. It is a duty we owo to tho negroes as well ns to ourselves. Why then prolong the issue? It is cruelty to the negro in tho un equal race, and the sooner false hopes are thrown aside the better for him. Tho race instinct is n divine assignment for which neither race is responsible. Until the su premacy of tlie Anglo-Saxon is unchalleng ed everywhere in our Southland wo will have raco collisions. Tho white people will never submit to negro rule and government even in localities." I quote from the Commonwealth, edited by Edgar S. Wilson, tho folowing: "At tho iinntt.il banquet of tbe Boston Merchants' Association last Thursday, Henry AV. Grady of the Atlanta Constitution was again called on to speak for the South before a Northern audience, and before nn audience most kindly disposed, both by intelligene and in terest, lo hear him for his cause. Among other truths hieb the whole country must realize or incur the gravest e, declared by tho speaker : m some vva peril, were ti "Theblack will cast a free ballot when igno here is not dominated bv intelli rance ni gence. The whites nro banded not in preju dice, but of necessity. The negro vote re man. ; an ignorant and credulous factor, tho prey of tho uuscrupuloue of both parties, and "'lays a part in a campaign in which nvory interest of society in jeopardiezd and »very approach to theballot-boxdebauched. Against such a campaign as this the TIIERN WHITES ARE HANDED, 10 issachusetts whites would be under similar circumstances. * * It would be well if Northern partisans would understand that the negro vote can never again control tho South. If there bo sny human force which cannot bo withstood it is that of tho banded intelligence and responsibilty of a free community. Upon that she relies, not upon the cowardly menace of a mask or shotgun. Force bills will not avail. The North may surrender its liberty to factional election laws, but never again will t single State, North or South, be delivered to the control of an ignorant and inferior race." Mr. Speaker, wo cannot fairly deny to the negro tuose intellectual and moral endow ments which capacitates man for the acqui sition ef mowledgo of the sciences and tho relation of mind to matter; these we know, in ceriniu individual cases, bo possesses in I therefore bold that it o surround him with circum as au emuicn . degree, is our duty stands and opportunities favorable to his fullest development. Perhaps this can bo best accomplished with his consent by plac ing him in a political community of lus own. Thus situated be would at least have a fair chance ;o test his capacity for self-govern ment. If he must be invested with political power for his own protection is it not better for both races to try this experiment, instead of by legal coercion, the experiment of hav ing them dwell together as political equals under laws compelling a mutual recognition of this equality? The United States has ample territory or can acquire u sufficiency fortlioir occupation, open tho same and in vite the negroes to movo into it with their consent, colonize them as tbe government has the Indians, and establish and maintain school systems suited to their necessities. Give them tlie aid and fostering care the government has given the Indian, trusting that SATISFACTORY RESULTS WILL FOLLOW. Gen. Grant, while President, viewed this subject from tho standpoint of a philosopie statesman, when ho recommended tbe acqui sition of 8d. Domingo for tbe colozination of the American negro, to which, with his consent, ho was to be deported, and in his new home protected by tbe ilag and laws of tho United Btates in the enjoyment of life, liberty, proporty, and tlie pursuit of bappi noss. A scheme so wise and just tho nation, in its then frenzied condition, was in no frame of mind to calmly and intelligently oonsider. adopted, that of theirenfranehisement, and then leaving them otherwise unprovided for in tho States where tbo war found them and had devastated their homos and disarranged all of their former habits, would it not have been more consistent with enlightened phi lanthropy and true statesmanship to have made liberal provisions for their education and intellectual and moral advancement, rather than their on franchise mont with the fifteenth amendement, to protect them in its exercise? If this humane policy had been adopted there would have been no political collisions, and both races would to-day bo moving forward band in hand to a destiny of great prosperity. Mr. Lincoln, in a speech touching the sep aration of the white and black races, is re ported assaying: "There is a physical dif As a widely different policy w i ference between them, which, I believe, will j fort vor forbid the two racoa living together cm terms of social or political equality, and : inasmuch as they cannot so lira while they ! do remain together there must be the po«i- ?, j tion of superior and inferior, and I, asmu -h ! at any other man, am in favor of having the j auporiorpoailion assigned to the white race, i I have never "('er., to my knowledge, a man. } woman or child who wav in favor of produc-i , ing » perfect equality, social and political, I between n* gross ami white men." , K. J. Walker, ones a United States Sena- j , tor from this State, un^l aftemard Secretary : j of tho Treasury during ti e administration | J of James K. Polk, advocated the annexation i ! of Texas to tho United States giving, among , j other reasons, that it would furnish an out- \ let for tho negro into Mexico, which their, | ultimate numbers would render [ to ! and which in the progress of events would ! j surely follow. I have seen in the public J j print that some colored man of education | ! have negotiated for large territorial posses- , j s-ions in Mexico. If the enterprising negro j shall of hia own option feet his future ! home in Mexico or elsewhere, and the United j of States shall give him reasonable ettcouvage ment and material aid in furtherance of his colonization schemes? his emigration will probably be at first slow, but will steadily increase in numbers from year to year, Notwithstanding tbs manifold evil* conse quent on the enfranchisement of the negro and tbe adoption of the fifteenth amend ment for his special protection against raes coutlicts, there are those who prefer tho con tinuation of these evils to a reduction of the number of representatives in Congress and in tho Electoral College for President and Vico-Provident. What boots it to us if this increased representation is at the expense of our government and the continuation of violent domestic disturbances and indus trial uncertainties? They should remember that tho State government is of the people: it eainnates from them, its powers are granted by them, ami are to 14 exercised di rectly on them, and for their benefit, and not for tiio benefit of office-seekers and politi cians; and without quiet, '.veil administered ! State and county governments, poacs and J good will, happiness and prosperity can not ! abound; and these are far moro important ! than mere numbers in Congress or in tho Electoral College. The abrogation of this amendment will tranquilizs the whole conn try. North ana South, remove forever sec- . tional divisions au<l controversion sud ro establish tho Union in tho hearts and pur poses of the people and upon the durable basis of tbe Constitution. The statesman ship of tho country will than be free to grapple with great issues in which all have a common interest. I repeat that race antip athies are natural to both races, and are of equal intensity, hence both are equally in terested in removing all causes for its ex eitoment and indulgence, lhe fifteentn amendment, with congressional^ legislation for its enforcement and execution against the States, and Anglo-Saxon supremacy will most certainly produce social and political disorder and violence. On the other sido, its abrogation will have the effect to hariuo zize the States with their Federal head, sup press unlawful and vicious election meth ods. insure domestic peace and promote public morality and virtuous ambition. The proposition to annul the fifteenth amend- | " 0Iïtis A NATIONAL CALAMITY, of of sd NOT SECTIONAL Oli PARTISAN in its character, but is intended to remove from tbo Constitution nn element that dis turbs Us otherwise harmonious proportions, andlre-estnlilish in the States domestic tran quility and promote the genera) welfare. A bill bus been introduced in tbe United States Senate by Senator Chandler providing for Föderal control and supervision over the election of Representatives in Congress, di vorcing them wholly from stato elections, and placing them under the management of Federal officers. This bill is founded upon the fifteenth nmendmentjand is intended to enforce its provisions. Should it become a law it will lil! tho States with Federal parti san officers, who will stir up and intlame race antagonisms, and afford factions and design ing men opportunities to infect tho people with false and mischievous issues. It will place tlie government of the people in tbo band- of unscrupulous politicians and their hirelings, who, in their wicked pursuits of power, will provoke collisions between tho two contending parties with such convulsive tumults ns will defy if not overthrow all public order. To avert these calamities are among the highest and most important duties of the statesmanship of the country. In the examination of this much complicat ed and irritating race problem I bave done so in no spirit of acrimony, but aa a responsi ble American citixeu. now standing upon the , , .. ... ... , c I doclevitv of tune with a heart full of the ; deepest concern for the welfare of thosa who aro to live after I am gone. In the dis charge of this rosponsiblity I am mindful of the fact that we are indebted to our revolu tionary ancestors for the greatest trust ever confided to any people, a trust to be pre served and protected for tbo good of man kind in all coming times. If animated by its inspirations, and guided by good faith, honor, gratitude and all other qualities, which enoblo tho character of a great people, this race problem will bo solved in a m»n uor to add dignity and luster to our free in stitutions of tbe most enduring and com manding character, and examples will bo ; set which cannot but have the most favor- I able influences on the diversified rights of tho different races of men. If, on tho other side, government and our social and domes tic systems shall unfortunately bo blotted with the reverse of these cardinal and essen tial virtues, the great cause, the charter of iiberty which our ancestors established will be dishonored and betrayed, and amid its crumbling walls tbe last mournful watls of American liberty will be heard. Ho people ever had so fair a start m government as the ! people of the United Slates Foi wisdom, | power ana grandeur tueir system is WITHOUT A PARALLEL in the annals of time. For myself, I am determined to resist with all the means at ; my command any innovations upon its prin- i ciples, and labor to revive and extend far | and wide its beautiful Anglo-Saxon civiliza- j ,lon ' . I .»...il ssippi will this day take stand • for tho right of self-government and for tbo i maintainonco of Anglo-Saxon supremacy 1 North and-South, East and West, relying on ! tbe support and protection ef DivineProvi- I dence, with historical assurance of success • of those who bravely contend for right and j justice, and who impelled by enlightened' I trust Mi j zeal and a nobility of enthusiasm go awed, where duty culls, ,, , w . .. .... ! £? r , tbor ? *, a I),T,n,tv " llhln ?, b V reabe s "® u ® Tcat !Q i' n °'[ e ib . e . T Wl11 lt: ; ! wlth vbo 'kwe to wm, j Alu tho tlm0 com0il1 *° repeal it. i Mr. Speaker, I trust the public will not } consider it presumption on my part to mind it that society. States und governments I are individuals aggregated, each having its , peculiar rub s, its own laws of being, its own j interests and traditions with a grand or a : glorious destiny to mahoortomar, and with | out a clear view of thoso characteristics, i those charged with their administration will , UU r© , \ COMMIT OlSAVr. MISTAKES. Perhaps no nation in the civilized world [ has, sinoo tho late war, been more oblivious to these facts or more reluctant to recognize ! their full signification than our own. For ! however rapid*has been her advancement in J civilization, and however much she may have | excelled in all that tends to strengthen her , position among tho natiocä of the earth, she has by the adoption and execution of poli ! ciea at war with tho original interpretation j of the Constitution so confused the minds A skillful aimto J Ivorsi shoes day mid it v.i" feet j ! would become per mon' ! lussly diseased, but tli ,.V, they got while * n tolerable rone .^ hur.mn foot i . r « ., m # v ^ , ( I ,l „ T , . port Uro bod \. rt is> lec tor ) ef »nd narrower than tho lutn... ->.s ; solid parts are firmer than the corre- | spoadinjy pat hs of tbo hand; thomova- ; bio parts less movable titan thoso of I the hand. Tho foot his two from front to rear coin pa am i another frofti side to side I COMposw i 0 r f our . Tlv.so nrehes, on I acooimt of the cartilages Interposed bo . ^mnents that compose !, aro jiexiblo anu ' L'utxCitj. to the s.ep_and gracelultiess to tao ,"ait. The largest, bot ■ •.* in the lorr jv arch of the foot is tbo heel bone, raid to this is attached tip:, -tyro t hindou in /she body. In this tun. rnmich s which compose 1 the calf of the ;UI( | w },i c h are of tho greatest | va j ue j 0 us j n tlio î>et unite. The more nearly the shoe approach es tho form of the foot, tho easier it will bo to walk in. Hi nothing but an injury, not. to tho foot j alone, but to the whole body. They | flex the three muscles in tho calf of i the leg that give erectness of the hotly, I throw the weight of the body on to tho hill of the foot, throw the knees for- | ward, and put the whole mechanism ; out of poise. This is well understood j by lovers of field sport and athletics, whose shoes have liardlv any heels at of her people as to render them unabia to roach any harmonious agreement ; on the contrary thoy are kept in one unceasing cou- j flick as to tbe character of their common government, or to tbo tendency and nature of its institutions and us to the genius and construction of tho Constitution with it* nmsndments. and as to the relative rights and powers of her natural and artificial per sona. I am persuaded that tho convulsive throes of a struggle for dissolution almost accomplished, nud the organized strain for existence almost lost, should admonish tho country of tho dangers of those conflicts and irritations, and of the necessity of har monizing them within universally reoognix sd rulss of government, and to those ends substitute thought nud statesmanship for the prompting* of passion, impulse, whim, personal ambition and party supremacy. i The Tcet. ,t. if wo ist; fvi a jopa- ! and koop j ar.< V. c, hand j to sup- j ti thick- i iH'l* t* hi ono I of eight ! ion tho throe of -living. nro all. The earliest form of foot cover was 1 the simple sandal, scctt'-cd to the foot j a button, and second ; by thongs, und often by coming between the first toes. Tho material used for shoes and sandals is various, chioily tho skins of animals. Wooden shoes arc much worn in Europe, and are becoming common in this country. The Japan ese wear sandals of straw, and South Americans, in some localities, sandals of plaited hemp, went barefoot, or wore si the Romans wore to the moccasins of tho American In dians. I The skillful shoemaker or shoe fitter ; ., ld ullderstaud lho anatomy of the J ; I No 1—St Louis Express Xo 3- N O and Chicago Express 10:17 p m | No 7 _ Loon l Accommodation 11:58am ! AU traing run daily, except No's 7 and 8, ; | y ^ do not run on Sunday, | The early Greeks tple sandals ; buskins, similar foot as well as the art of making shoes, and ho should be able to fit each shoe to the foot that is to wear it, but probably not one shoemaker in a mil lion ever dissected a human foot with a view to learning how shoes should be made.—New York Advocate. EAÏLR0AD TIME TABL3 IIOW THE TRAINS PASS V.TX U ' ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD NORTIÏ No 2—St Louis Express No 4—Chicago and N O Express No 8— Local Accommodation SOUTH 0; p m ; 4am 12 dît) p m j 12:30 p m I J W COLEMAN. A G P A, j New Orleans, La, i P A Dr LIN, Agent, Winona Miss ; i | j __ it - . ti , nr -, , — I ast Mail, passes 4:40pm , • jo—G reenville Ac'm'n leaves 0:10 am i 1 F ' AST | ! No 53—Fast Mail passes 10:13 a m j I No 41—GreenvilleAc'm'n arrives 7 • For tickets and information apply to j F B CLEMENTS, Agent.^ inona, Miss, ' I j GEÖBGIA PACIFIC (RAILROAD WEST .» p lit ; W. 8. TUS8EB & Of and Commission Merchai ts, -AND DEALERS IN Cotton Seed Meal, lay, Oran, Com, Oats, Etc, Etc, WINONA, MISSISSIPPI. AVe want to purchaso all tho Wool. Hides, Furs, Beeswax, Tallow, andin fact ev erything the farmers have to soil. If you want to exchange your produce for goods or money, give us a call. j ; | ; I I I j | i I | ; j n mi I I in in ■ w ii ■min ■!! iiiMiiiniiiiimi I roceries * Confectioneries! ■ j i The Cheapest! and. the Best! Can always be bad at Fuller & Hurt's North FrontSt., Next Door to Hitt & Hart. OUR MOTTO: Honest Goods and Liberal Dealing, Free Delivery. WALKER trg ,a ! j H Sb E WINONA, MISS. SUMMIT STREET, j j i ■Manufacturers of and Dealers in— Buggies, Carriages, Spring and Farm Wagons, and Farming Imple ments of every kind. REPAIRING OF AL L KINDS DONE ON SHORT NOTICE Coffins, wood and metalie caskets, bnria robes and cases at the lowest prices. Solicits lhe trad« of the farmers of this and adjoining counties. BtguMr. Walker gives personal attention to all funerals when do- rod I ! , r , U . | ^ ,,1 , - , -T , -r y-i ; O ? S jj\ B ; V. Druggists. At the old stand of Ward & Atkins. 1 j ; >ck of Have i.»y far the largest amt Lest assorted si DRUGS. PATENT PAINTS OILS, STATIONERY AND FANCY GOODS. Everything Cheap for Cash JSfef'Call and see us before purchasing elsewhere, department is in charge of Mr. Jas. IJ. Small who is a thorough graduate of the Vanderbilt School of Pharmacy. Tho Prescription | „ _ . ; New Orleans and Chicago, St. Louis | Memphis and Kansas City, ILLINOIS CE5TKA1; RAILROAD : I THE WHEAT THUNK LINE : BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH. i'ho Smartest and Quickest Route —TO— JACKSON, . VICKSBURG. ■ ; j NEW ORLEANS, And All Points in the Southwest. I PULLMAN PALACE SLEEPING CARS I RUN THROUGH DAILY BETWEEN '. j i Fast Time, Pure Connections, Fine Equip , nl cnt. Splendid Eating Houses, All Steel Track, Well Ballasted Headway, aro some of tho advantages ottered | passengers by this j GREAT THROUGH LINE, The Great Steel Bridge spanning the Ohio i Hiver at Cairo, completed, and all trains. ' freight and passenger, now running regularly I over it. thus avoiding delays and annoyances j incident to transfer by ferry boat. ; I i I 1 . W. COLEMAN, Ass't G. P. Agent, New Orleans, A. Ii. HANSON, Gen. Pass. Agt., CnioAuo. : GEORGIA PACIFIC RAILWAY DIVISION RICHMOND & DANVILLE RAILROAD CO. —THE GREAT— SOUTHERN TRUNK LINE. OIRECT ROUTE— E* -Ä-3STX3 A7C"a3ST. Extending from tho Potomac to tho Mis sissippi. From Washington, 1). C. and Richmond, Va., to Greenville, Miss, and Arkansas City, Ark. —EMBRACING— Atlanta, Tallapoosa, Anniston, Birmingham, Columbus. Miss., West Point, Winona, Greenwood, Elizabeth and Greenville. Forming* the short line between these points and _. lr . TEXAS, LOUhiANA, ARKANSAS AND THE CREAT WEST, ALSO New York, Philadelphia AN» Tlllt ,!CAST. For maps, time cards, rates, etc., apply to any agent of tbe Georgia Pacific Railway or connecting roads, SOL. HAAS, Traffic Manager. S. IT. HARDWICK, Gen'l Pass. Agent, Birmingham, Alabama.