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The Exchange Deparlmenf
3. G. WEST, Editor. "By diligence and patience tho mouse sto in two tlio cable. " All communications, qouries and other matter intended for this department should be sent direct to 15 . G. West, 224 Front Street, Memphis, Tenu. OUR MEMPHIS OFFICE. Wo take this method of informing you that wo are now located at 221 Front Street, Memphis, Tenn. Wo make this move at the earnest solicitation of a very large unm ber of the brethren, and we know it to he to yonr interest to have a branch office in a wholesale market, where we can get bettor prices on all goods bought for our order, and cau get your invoices and goods to you in a much shorter time than heretofore. With our better facilities for furthering your interests, and the general good we cau do for you, we hope to have your liberal pa tronage. We are now able to till vour smallest orders to good advantage. B. G. Wk.st, Manager Farmors' State Exchange. ATTENTION. During my sickness somo error ns to shipment of gooijs and some delay in get ting out bills have occurred. I am trying very hard to get tho work up, nnd trust tho brethren will write mo at 224 Front St., Memphis, Tenn., of any lack of attention, etc., so that I may get it straight. I have a competent business man at work on these errors of shipment., otc, who is getting out bills as fast as possible. The business now coming in has my personal attention, and is billed as rapidiv as invoices como to us from shippers. Am doing my best to give satisfaction, and doing a good business. Fraternally, B. G. WEST, Manager Farmers' State Exchange. TO T1IE BRETHREN. When writing to this office in regard to bills ordered by you, please give in every ease where it is possible to do so, all infor mation you can in regard to your order ; for instance, tho dale, in whose name the order was sent, and do not fail in auy in quiry to give the initials in full of the party desiring to bo informed in these matters. It is very littlo trouble to you, nnd it will shorten work very much in my office. Fraternally, B. G. WEST. Manager Farmers' State Exchange. "Were is a sharper arrow than the sting of neglect?" How you let fly this arrow at the Exchange? "Be suspicious of the good which wicked men can praise." Brethren the wicked usurers can find no praise for the Exchange. "Where the world refcuketh, there look thou for the excellent." Breth ren, does not the world, outside of yourselves, rebuke the Exchange? "There be many such as among men, but these be more cul pable than Eli, who chill the foun tain of exertion by the freezing looks of indifference." Where shall we put you brother? "Do good for good's own sake, looking not to worthiness nor love." The Exchange is doing this and be lieves—"so shalt thou have a better praise, and reap a richer harvest of reward," for he who promises this fulfills his promises. "That virtue may see her own beauty and delight in her own fair face, cast not the mantle of a Queen around the limbs of a leper." Breth ren, virtue is the Exchange, the Queen's mantle is your trade; the leper is the shylocks who have fleeced you. "The mariner slacketli not his sail, though the sandal groves of araby allure him." Brother you are the mariner, and full well you should know from past experience that "the fragrance of that incense would harm thee," and you know from whence this sandal spiced breath comes. Eli The Exchange is no unmixed paradise of sweets. The elements of peace, benefits and true happi ness are in it, and so too are tlie el ements of discord and unrest, and it needs only the bitter spirit of tlie world which is antagonistic to it to enter into tlie minds and intentions of the members to make it a pandi monium. On the other hand, the genius of harmony and assistance can make it the prompter of all of ©ur interests and a great help to all who follow the persuit of agricul ture. Help the business as you would your own private interests. MAEE TOUR ORDERS EXPLICIT. If the Exchange is to continue the good work it is doing, (and no one can say it is not accomplishing great good), there is nothing so much to be valued by the producer, and nothing so much to be desired by the management of the Ex change, as information looking to the best methods for reaching your trade with profit to you and to the Exchange, that we may adopt our methods and shipping points to suit the trade. If any one thinks the exchange management is enjoy ing a life of ease and does not have hard and constant labor to perform for 10 hours out of the 24, they have a wrong conception of the labors of this department. It is an every-day struggle against the organized forces of the mercantile world, where every move is watch ed by the shrewd and quick eyes of some of our enemies bent upon our overthrow. And there is no reme dy for this strain upon the manage ment, save through the support of the brethren by all the aids they can give in business advice, as well as financial support. We do not ask to be excused from the burdens we are carrying in the way of ef forts to help and aid you, but we do think we should be aided by those who give us orders to the ex tent of following our requests in making their orders explicit. Al ways give your postoffice, your freight office, your express office, and the name of the person to whom the goods are to be consigned. Also state whether to fill the bill money sent is not enough; whether to substitute' if as near what you order as posible when ex actly what your order calls for can not be had, and always sign your name. We get many orders that are not clear upon these points, and are sometimes severely criticised for doing what we understand from the] letter. In one instance, a brother came to the office in au ill humor about a shipment of goods and our answer was to produce bis order. After reading this he said: "Well, you are right; but I neyer would have believed it if I bad not seen my order." We think if the brethren would he more careful there would be less dissatisfaction and certainly less labor to us here. THE GOOD AN ENEMY DOES. An enemy is always more inter ested in our faults and shortcom ings than in our excellences, ,tnd frankly takes pains to discover them and spread them abroad. If, instead of letting this excite us to anger, we use it as a means for re straining those faults—if we are more concerned in the endeavor to avoid tlie misdeeds for which we are criticised than the criticism it self—then our enemies, in trying to harm us, will have done us a great good. If in those very points in which they depreciate us we prove ourselves spotless, their tes timony against us will lose weight, and their influence in our disfavor will die away. But, if we are mere ly indignant at the distraction, and wrathful with tlie detractor, we shall confirm his evil report in the minds of those who have heard it. We are not yet so far advanced in character that we can wholly do without the motive of fear, and the fear of what is in the power of an enemy to do to injure us may some times exert a wholesome restraint. At any rate, the best way to over come it is by watchful and circum spect conduct to put it out of his power to injure us. I have certificates of stock issued to the following alliances but do not know where to send them : Pa lucia Alliance, one share; J. Rodgers, one share; Cross Roads Alliance, one share. The proper parties would cenfer a favor by writing me. J. AN ENEMY TO THE FARMERS. In the reports as to the destitu tion in South Dakota, nineteen counties are included. The Yank ton Press calls attention to the of ficial figures as to the yield of wheat, oats and corn in the year 1889,as they appear in the report of Hon. Frank H. Hagerty, Territorial statistician, who took the acreage from the local assessor's returns, while the yield is based upon esti mates furnished by county officials, farmers and other crop correspon dents of his office. There was a to tal product of about 7,700,000 bush els of wheat alone raised in these nineteen counties, with a popula tion of 147,000—an average of about 53 bushels for .every man, woman and child in the whole re gion—and of course there was comparatively an equal supply of all other staples. Nor will any body believe it possible that there could be anything like general starvation in a section which has Ï iroduced such an amount of food. *o famine ever prevailed under such circumstances. Of course, there are specially unfortu nate ones—and what country time ever had none of these? —who have been rendered incapa ble of getting through the season, and these are being and will be ta ken care of.—Sioux Falls Press. The above is in the face of a call for aid from the farmers of South Dakota, as there were a great many of them near, upon the verge of starvation and in absolute want. What are those in our calling to do when such powerful enemies are against us? CHEAP MONEY. What does the old system give to the supply merchant? What have you supplied your merchant with under the old sys tem ? What is the kind (?) thought fulness of the deed in trust mer chant striving for? Why is your merchant so anx ious to hold to the old system? What do deeds of trusts and rob ber prices give to the dealers? What doeijjyour merchant try to keep when be persuades you to deal through him rather than through your own Exchange? What will concentration of trade efforts give the alliance man? To get what, do some of your quandrum friends endeavor to make you untrue to your own interests? What will your continued en slavement to the greed-bloated Shy lock keep you from enjoying? Look at the top of this for an an swer to all. PROSPERITY. To what will your patornage of the Exchange lead? What will you gain by co-opera ting with your brethren through the Exchange? What will the success of tlie Ex change bring to the farmers? What will be the end of your joint support of the Exchange? What will union through the Exchange bring to each who stands by it? What do we strive to bring about through the medium of tlie Ex change? If the Exchange is a success», what will it bring to the alliance of Mississippi? To what will thought and study on your financial candition lead? What was tlie Exchange to help you reach? See heading for answers to all the above questions. THE TRIPLE CONFEDERATION. Through the efforts of those full of the faith of allianceisin, and that they might fight triple-handed against tlie evils of extortion and greed, the business of three States— Mississippi, Arkansas and Tennes see—has been confederated into one at Memphis. They have an office at 224 Front street, in the third block north of tlie postoffice, be tween Jefferson and Adams streets, where all members of farmers' or ganizations are cordially invited to come and see us when in tlie city, and we will try to make their visit both pleasant and profitable. POINTS WORTH CONSIDERING. "The velvet-coated apricot is one thing and the spike horse chestnut is another." Give us the riddle. Keep your conduct abreast of your conscience, and very soon your conscience will be illumined by the radiance of God. "Many a friendship has decayed like a plant in a crowded corner, for want of sunshine on its leaves." Are you going to permit the friend of justice—of the farmer of legiti mate profits—to perish for the lack of the sunshine of your trade? To live well in the quiet routine of life; to fill a little space because God wills it; to go on cheerfully with a petty round of little duties and little avocations; to smile for the joys of others when the heart is aching—who does this, his works will follow him. The system of trust deeds and long prices, promises a future dim with troubles, covered with desola tion and tossing in confusion, that will drag our children and other de scendants into an awful serfdom. To save us and them and to make us independent of the unscrupulous spectator in the commodities of ev ery day life is why you created an Exchange. Hitherto Russia has been largely dependent for its supply of cotton upon the United States, andin 18S7 as much as $50,000,000 worth of American cotton was imported into the Czar's empire. Since then, however, the foreign importation has fallen off, and the supply is be ing drawn from Central Asia. Last year almost 40,000 tons ef Turkes tan cotton entered Russia over the Transcaspian road. Strong pressure is being brought from the South in opposition to the i We are occasionally criticised for bill proposing a tax on compound lard, which has a very marked effect on the members of the Agricultur al Committee of the House and up on the members generally. New England interest, which have been favorable to the bill, is backed by the members of the farmers' organ izations in the North; It is pretty et ident that tlie sentiment of the members of the committees and a majority of the Congressmen are inclined to the proposition for a minimum tax on compound lard. not doing things to tlie best advan tage. We acknowledge that errors are made, but claim not to make more mistakes than are made by other business institutions of a sim We ilar nature and magnitude, sometimes get letters with no post office, no freight ofiice, again we get them without signatures, and often get them without shippin instructions. Now, brethren, we ask you to cultivate the Christian graces of justice and charity, and to bear in mind tlie following: I once saw posted in a western dance house, "Don't shoot the musicians; they are doing the best you will let them." More and more as we grow we ap preciate the finer traits that are in human nature. Men going out in to life never forget the mother who stays at home, and who has present ed to them a nature with reason dominant, with a high moral sense, with refined and sweet affections, with taste, with patience, with gen tleness, with self-sacrifice, and with disinterestedness. A man may go through all the world, lie may run through every stage of belief and unbelief, he may destroy his fine ness in every respect, but there will be one picture that lie cannot efface. Living or dying, there will rise be fore him, like a morning star, the beauty of that remembered good ness which he called "mother." A CASH BUSINESS. Mr. it. G. Westof tlie Mississippi Far mers' Alliance Locates In Mem phis—Wliy Ho Came Here. Mr. B. G. West of Durant, Miss., the general manager and accredited agent of the Farmers' Alliance of Mississippi, has established an office in this city in order to more con veniently serve the organization. The reasons Mr. West, who is a shrewd and clear-sighted business man, though quite young, gives for his coming to Memphis is a most noteworthy recognition by the far mers of Mississippi of the advanta ges this city affords as a general market. Said Mr. West; "It contemplated that T should estab lish a general office in New Orleans, and some favored St. Louis, but af ter carefully looking the field over I concluded that Memphis was the best place for me to open an office. Farm supplies can lie purchased here as cheaply as anywhere else, and the railroad facilities from here throughout Mississippi are excel lent and still being made more so, and the goods can reach their des tination on short time. I not only buy according to the orders sent me, but also sell the cotton or oth er products shipped by the farmers. All ot their orders are cash; what they get they pay for on the spot, and consequently I get good terms for them. I have no particular houses to buy from, but take the market as it is every day, and make the best purchases possible for the cash There is no doubt about it, the farmers of Mississippi are sav ing money by such a policy, and the amount of money—cash money —they are daily spending in Mem phis through me is considerable." Mr. West's office is at 224 Front street, and judging from the corps of clerks he keeps busy, the cash orders of the farmers must be com ing pretty swift.—Memphis Com mercial. was first. Western cattle men are predict ing that there is a better time not. very far ahead for them when the price of cattle will return to the old figures. They base this prediction the ground that, the cattle-rais ing industry a lev/ years ago was so remunerative us to draw every farm er into the business, and so greatly overproduce, the result being a great decline in the price of bis cattle. But the fact has not been satisfac torily explained yet liow it is that during this decline in the price the cattle-raisers receive, the price of dressed beef to the consumer lias been maintained. Either the de mand for dressed beef lias grown steadily, so as to keep the price up, or the price lias been sustained bv artificial devices. If the demand for dressed beef has kept pace with the supply, there is, of course, no sense in the argument for better times for the cattle-raiser based on past overproduction. Neither is there any hope for the cattle-raiser if it be true that a combination of middle men can regularly force the price to the raisers down while it is keeping the price to consumers up. —Providence Journal. The location of Mr. B. G. West in this city as the general manager and accredited agent of the Farm ers' Alliance of Mississippi is one of the most gratifying and reassur ing evidences of the value of Mem phis as a distributing point, made so by the unequalled railroad and river facilities which enable our merchants to satisfy their custo mers on short notice,no matter bow distant they may be. Mr. West, as he says, might have gone to New Orleans, but lie prefers Memphis for the reasons stated in tlie inter view with him, which is one of the best items of news the Commercial of today contains.—Memphis Com mercial. A friend once said to Whitfield: a glorious testimony to Christ will be your death-bed and dying words?" "No," said Whit I shall not wait until then. My life will be my testimony. My death will be silent." So it was with all the prophets and the apos tles. Their lives are glorious testi monies to the love of Christ; their deaths are clouded in mvstery. Wliat field, Retaliation is like tlie storm which sweeps through the forest in de struction. Kindness is like the com bined influence of the sun and the rain of tlie cloud, which germinates seed and upholds their leaves, flow ers and odors.