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a or is is a From Oakland. To the Editor of Tho New Farmer: I am just m from a visit to Mem phis in the interest of our Alliance (No. 1444), and let me say to you that the biggest thing I saw was the F. A. & I. IT. Exchange. I spent two days in the city, nearly all the time in the office of the Exchange trying to catch an idle moment when I could have a satisfactory talk with Bro. West about my busi ness, but to my mortification I nev er found the time, and in sheer pity for the man, left the office after giv ing him a draft which I hoped would cover my purchases and trust to luck for things to come up all right. 1 am not much of a business man, but it does seem to me that if I should undertake to run ray farm to its full capacity without a sufficient working force, it would only be a question of time when it would prove to be a failure, and that is just what 1 am thinking of our Ex change. The establishment of the branch in Memphis was a step in the right direction, but from the two days observation I had the cler ical force is insufficient, has a good and efficient bookkeeper who is kept busy all the time in his department, and to Bro. West is left the herculien task of reading all letters, placing them on file for an swering, enrolling all the bills com ing in each day, the purchase of all goods which must be got off in good time, then shipping is quite an item, and then comes the answer ing of all letters which you know must be done in detail or the broth erhood will not be satisfied. With the work enumerated above can our agent give satisfaction with only one man to help him. every brother who will think of this thing from a strict business stand point will agree with me that we «night to have a force sufficient to do the work in a good business way and thereby prevent mistakes and short comings, such for instance as this, i had in my bill 25 pounds soda which I do not find on bill ren and ly Mr. it Bro. West I think dered, and perhaps if I had not been there and have seen for myself I would say the agent was incompe tent or neglectful, or something of the sort, but such is not the case. We are taxing the man with more than he can do well, and in doing endanger the institution, for when our people grow suspicious that the thing is in any part a fail ure, they lose interest and are easily beguiled into the patronizing of an tagonistic institutions. I think we ought to have a type writer and some one to manipulate it, and an enrolling clerk and add a commission on purchases that will for them. W e must keep all We have this wo pay of our institutions alive. none that we can do without. In deed, if our people were in a condi tion that they could do so, they would build so many institutions of use and benefit to the working peo ple that a semblance of over pro duction could never be possible. Now one word to the brotherhood who intend to purchase through the Exchange. Don't send your order for a broom, gallon of coal oil or 10 yards of Meet with your Alliance, one I calico. find others who want things you do, ■ until you get enough down to order jj in unbroken packages ; there is where benefitted, but to buy in you broken packages you will do as well with your local merchant. And to conclude, don't expect too are i much of your Exchange at the start 1 for the whole commercial world is n combined to make it a failure if I they can, but give all the moral and If material support you can and in the HI end we will be free. Yours truly, T. M. Hartox. ictified cross is a fruitful The 1 tree.— Rutherford. ates An interesting paper on the food and and less Mixed ground feed in small quan titles, and at short intervals is now universally conceded to be the best food. The feeder should always have the same horses under his care so as to become acquainted with the habits and wants of each animal. When a team comes in from a trip, ing a handful of loose hay should be given. When feeding time comes, which should never be just before or just after a trip, the horse should have from six to eight quarts of ground oats and corn mixed with cut hay and dampened. Should be groomed twice a day. This makes the horse feel and do better. Mouth and nostril should be sponged every trip. After the horses have stopped feeding, the feeder should see that each feed box is thoroughly cleans ed. This is very important for the health of the horse. Iron and wood feed boxes should be avoided, best feed box is the enameled lined box, as the inside does not rust and is easily kept clean. If wooden boxes are used, the corners get foul, and it is difficult to clean them. It is of the utmost importance that horses should have pure water to drink. Perhaps the stables of no city are better supplied with water than New York, as the croton water is soft and good. But like all river no waters, it contains microscopic germs; and great advantage is found from its Alteration and the addition of a little sulphur. An easily made filter is as follows : Over each trough a barrel is arranged to receive the croton water, which is made to flow through the barrel to the watering trough. Fill the barrel one-third full of coarsely ground charcoal over which sprinkle a little powdered sulphur. Upon the charcoal place some brush, and on this place clean gravel until the barrel is. half full, or a little more, with the filtering material. This filter will last six months or more without cleaning, and will supply clean water that the horses love to drink and by the use of which they are kept m first-rate health, without colics or other sick- i ness. In the country pure spring or weH water, always tittered, should The V stables should be well light- j ed and ventilated. Disinfectant | should be used. j I j The Food and Care of Horses. and care af working horses was late ly read before the American street railway association. Minneapolis, by Mr. George G. Mulhern of Cleve land, Ü. In this paper and in the discussion which followed, consider able valuable information was elic it ed. to rael out the of The a Does it i*uyi Does it pay to talk temperance all the year and then when election day comes around vote for license? Does it pay to spend a life time saving and economizing to win a fortune, and then have your chil dren squander it all in a year or two? Does it pay to have hundreds of workingmen poor and ragged, and their families suffering for food and shelter to support the saloon-keepers in affluence and ease? Does it pay to hang men who get drunk and commit crimes, while the one who sold them the liquor goes free ? Does it pay to have our young men make wrecks of their lives be cause they have a little money left them and they don't have to work? Does it pay to bring girls up ig norant of business affairs or of the world, and then throw them on their own resources ? Does it pay to keep men in the jail or on the stonepile, because a saloon-keeper sells them liquor and makes them drunk? Does it pay to wear corsets, tight waists, trains, etc., and ruin one's health? Does it pay to eat rich gravies, pastries, pork and indigestible foods that ruin or injure the digestion and complexion ? Does it pay to drink strong coffee and tea until the nerves are affect of of in ed? Does it pay to take pow erful med icines, when rest and fresh air are needed most of all? Does it pay to wear decolette dresses, and take off under-flannels m cold weather to do so? Does it pay to use tobacco, when it dulls the" intellect, stunts the growth, injures the teeth, and caus es paralysis, insanity, cancers and many other diseases? Does it pay to drink cider and give it to your guests when it ere is if the ates an appetite for stronger drinks and causes people to even get drunk? Does it pay to live beyond your means? Does it pay to read and become well-informed? Does it pay to be quick tempered and hasty? Does it pay to lead a useless, aim less life? Does it pay to live fast and on reserved force until you have no capital or interest either ? Does it pay to only live forty years, when by good care and judg ment you might live to be seventy? Does it pay to be always borrow ing trouble? Does it pay to worry and fret your life away ? Does it pay to be loyal, earnest, patient, unselfish and faithful ? Does it pay to lead honest and upright lives?—banners Voice, no Melted a 1 urn is a very good co i me nt, if used in places where neitb er wa ter nor heat touch it. ^ mnQve from j Nothing, »se cold water and soap, | Hot water s « lS the staUi ' j A scrubbing brush, warm soap I suds and plenty of elbow grease j will do wonders on an old dingy oil cloth. Duck J. is in Many of the darkest days in his tory have borne the choicest fruit to the glory of God and the good of man. It was a dark day when Is rael groaned in the bitterness of the Egyptian bondage. But if the bondage bad been less bitter, Israel, would have rested content in Egypt; out of the bondage came the exodus, the Messiah. It was a dark day when the ardent, brave, eloquent Stephen, hope of the early church, was stoned; but out of that day came Paul. It was a dark day when the persecution that arose about Stephen ravaged the disciples; but out of it came the world-wide preaching of the gospel. It was a dark day when the Puritans, finding rest for the sole of their feet, sailed from the Old W orld, but out of it came America. Darkest of all days was that on which the sun hid his face from the Divine Man ex piring on Calvary; vet all our hopes and all our happiness come from that day.—National Baptist. Useful Suggestions. It is not safe to use rubber on fruit cans after they are stretched out and yellow. If feather pillows pleasant odor give the drying by a good fire. A chimney plastered on the in side with clay mixed with salt, will not fill up with soot. ;-«ve an im l a thorough a or kettle rub i Cut a lemon, ! To polish a copper with lemon and salt, dip in salt, and rub over the copper j surface. If windows are wiped off once a week on the inside with a slightly dampened cloth it will save washing so often. Olive oil satin ated with camphor make an excellent application for infiamation swellings, also for rub bing rheumatic joints. The air of the sick chamber should always be kept so fresh that there will be no perceptible differ ence upon coming into it from tho outer air. of get the be ig the the a and and Never let the sun's rays strike a It acts upon the mercury which mirror. and makes the glass cloudy, rubbing will not remove. If you have a suspicion of moths in your carpets, rub your floor with hot water and salt before relaying them, and sweep salt over the car pet once or twice during the month. When trying to thread a sewing machine at twilight, or in any im perfect light, place a bit of white cloth or paper back of the needle eye. By this method the eye can be found and filled much easier. Five cents' worth of vaseline, which is tasteless and odorless, will cure all the chapped hands, cracked lips and sun-burned facess, lieal all the sores, burns and abrations with which a family would ordinarily be afflicted. Where a house is afflicted with chimneys that smoke, it should be borne in mind that the best pre ventative to the nuisance is to open the windows of the room ten min utes before the fire is lit. and not simultaneously with the lighting, as is generally done. are the and and ere W. T. MORGAN, Mississippi. Duck Hill, -AGENT FOB J. E. WILLIAMSON & C0-, Manufacturers and Dealers in mm and shaves* KENTUCKY. PADUCAH. This house was established in 1858, and is one of the* oldest and most beliable Marble Houses in the South. Our prices are as low as the lowest, and satisfaction is guaranteed. Tho trade of the alliance ib solicited. Anyone desiring to purchase anything in this line will please address W. T. MORGAN, Agent, Duck Hill, Miss. R. j -Dealers In Dry Goods J NOTIONS Boots, Shoes, Hut and Caps, ûiûtfiing, groceries at 1 _A.ncL General is Plantation Supplies Winona, Miss. Will offer special inducements to in need of goods in their line. Will pay the highest market PRICE FOR COTTON Come to see us at once we will make it to your interest. SOUTHERN -APPLES lOO V aKIETTES. A tine supply, especially fall and winter kinds, well grown trees. PEACHES—Fifty kinds, including lat est varieties. PEARS—A full selection, including Le Conte, Kieffor, etc. PLUMS—In variety, including Wild Goose, Marianna, Kelsey's, Japan, etc. Also Apricots, Nectarines, Figs, Quinces, Grapes, Strawberries, Raspberries, Black berries, Fiuo Roses and Flowering Plants. ÄB'Order« from reliable parties booked now for fall delivery. Apply to IV. H. CASSELL, Canton, Miss. Oct 2tfl ijfMESE 8.HULLER ■■ ■c: Uv, i ! ■ j Will " r --\-; | ")!i<'y' Grtml 4 ' (torn Moat î*" rp ■ ■ . ; v4 Stone. , ' 4 W 2ß j Bt*.«*. sfrfr.. ■, Horse Powers i Com Slicllers Peril Cutters Wood Saws if a 'V nt. k to lia', s Trial. 'A i t fi -i f. nil füiFfrcn. C;. AU zenis warranted. 19 So. Canal St. CHICAGO. ILL m i fi TO CONSUMERS. The following popular brands of CHEWING TOBACCO for sale by the State Exchange: a are Dixie Delle, I Specify these Brands in Your Orders. Bay the Products of Your Brethren and Get Hid of Middlemen all be be pre not as FOR SALE. Mrs. Ilottio J. Foose, of Kosciusko, is prepared to soil roses, bulbs ami plants of all kimls as cheap as the cheapest. LOOK! $1.00 20 Geraniums for And other plants proportionately cheap. Strawberry Plants a Specialty. The Old Schedule. The photograph gallery of S. B. Terry is still in the lead for fine photographs. South end Front Row. Attention Farmers ! FENCE WIRE. FLOUR, HEAL, MEAT. WHEAT BRAN. PLOWS ANJD CULTIVATORS for sale at the Fanners' Alliance Warehouse, CANTON MISS. Manager R. H. HOFFMAN. A <'■/ Bookkeeping. Penmanship and Teleg raphy. Scholarship $40, Board $3 per week. Average time for graduation throe months. WJJVM'sl ■ FEMALE CUEGE WINONA, MISS. Rev. J. T. Zealv, President. i( A full corps of teachers in literature, mu art and the languages. This institution, under tho Presidency of Dr. Zeaiv, has just closed a session of unusual prosperity. The boarding department has been liiled to its utmost capacity. The outlook for the fu ture is very encouraging. All persons intend ing to patronize tho College the coming session, nre requested to make application Session begiuB Sept Und, Boar d at an earlv day. 1 S 8 1). month S10. T e r m s. _____ Intermediate Classes $2.50. per month. Junior per month $3. $4 per mouth. Primary Classes per mouth, Latin, Greek or French $2. per month. The scholastic year is divided into quarters of ton weeks. Payment for Board is required quarterly in advance, unless spe cial contracts to the contrary arc made. Tui - tion must bo paid at tho end of each school month of four weeks. No deductions are to he made for loss of time, except in cases of protracted illness, and amount loss than two weeks. required to furnisli towels, pillow slips, sheets and such heavy covering as may hr needed. Address per Senior then for ni> Boarders are REV. J T. ZEALY.D. D., Win on A Female College, Winona, Miss. MAMMOTH /fo £ g., dealers in all kinds or FURNITURE OAE-PETS, Oil Cloth, Straw Matting, Wall Faper, Window Shades, Cabinet Hard ware, Etc., Etc., Ete. ALSO DEALERS IN of Ordam from abroad solicited, and lowest prices guaranteed. Address Mammoth Furniture Souse, WINONA. MISS. BALE COTTON FARMERS' ALLIANCE BADGES Authorized and recommended by the executive committee of Texas. This Badge is made of durable Gold plated material, artistic in design and finish. Every member should send price each 25cts; per doz. $24.00. Sent by mail to any address oc receipt of price. Satisfaction guarantees! or money refunded. Address all orders to the in for one. 40. Per gross BRADLEY MUG COMPANY 240 Alain St. Fort Worth. Texas Write for circulars and urices* is of KENTUCKY SEED CORN For sale at the Farmers' Alliance 'Ware house, Canton, Mississippi. R. H. HOFFMAN, Feb. 21, JlSCd.l Manager B. fine FOR SALE OR RENT, Two farms, seven miles east of Winona. A bargain to cither purchaser or renter. Apply at this office.