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THE NEW FARMER
INTHIN08 E8 BHMTXA L, X TIsTITTT; I NWALL THINGB. CHARITY VOL. 4. WfNONA, MISSISSIPPI, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23. 1890. NO. 29. THE NEW FARMER. About 20 miles of the I. C. Rail __ . road, North of New Orleans, is un der water and trams no longer run tlirough to that city. Passengers and mails are now brought via Me- < ndiari ana. Jackson, being transfer- I red to the I. C. at the latter place. 1 ! I PUBLISHED KVBBY WEDNESDAY. SUBSCRIPTION ; 81.00. ABSENT AND SICK. Since the last issue of The New Fakmeh, our editor has been absent on business most of the time. Sun day night ho returned home quite sick and is unable to give his atten tion to the paper. I f, therefore, the ■reading matter is not as interesting thi:- week as usual, we feel sure the brethren will "pass its imperfections The editor hopes to be at his ] >y." post of duty again in a few days. One teaspoonful of ammonia to a teacupful of water will clean gold or silver jewelry ; a few drops of clear aqua ammonia poured on the under side of diamonds will clean them immediately and make them very brilliant. À1 recognize the immediate in fluence of pasture on the quantity . , , .. . . 1 r . or milk and butter, but only a tew ,. appreciate the intimate connection , ; ,, , ,, between the character of the pas . , .. .. ,,, 1 . ture and the quality ot the milk and , , T ; , , . , . i butter. Next to breed, pasture is ,, , , .. , . 1 . . . i the most potent factor in good but- I raukiuar, dmur,.: tte time tb-i, 1 ... î i tt • ,i r, î A forged letter in the Clarion n , . . . i, • ig,m created quite a sensatmn last r L ' k - It „? 1 f P °, rted t0 L " froni j rhornas Richardson, a negro who j has been appointed post master at I !■„», iiibson. Tile litter W», of a . .. very insolent character, filled with , 3 , . . ', , iiDiw and malevolence toward the o'. are at pasture. In view of this fact, the dairyman v. ho desires to make gilt-edge butter, must see to it that his pastures are kept in the very best condition that his lo cation and soil will allow.—Jersey Bulletin. v. h h people and advocating sot i: hard son denies the authorship of the letter and thepee 'ort Gibson say they believe him ; id that he lias always borne à good reputation. The Clarion-Ledg er offers a reward of 8100 for the author of the letter, but notwith d equality. rm.* . standing this, we learn from a spe cial to the Times-Democrat that j Richardson damme s. will sue the paper for The profit on sheep growing does not all come from one source. It is not confined to the receipts for wool, nor yet to what the mutton and young lambs bring. Nor, in the case of blooded stock, is it con fined to receipts for animals for breeding purposes. Neither is it confined to all these three combin ed. There is value in the droppings of the sheep. They enrich the land wherever they go, and not only con sume weeds that would otherwise be an increasing nuisance, but they live on much that would go to waste because other animals reject it. With good fences they give little trouble, because they attend strictly to business. In summer give them a good range, plenty of salt and good water, and keep the dogs away. Beyond these they do not need anything more than is neces sary for the owner or master of the flock to keep up a familiar acquaint ance with them.—Western Rural. be ry WILL IT NEVER 8T0P1 The old, old story about the "al liance going into politics" is still abroad in the land and occasionally some verdant scribbler rushes into print and with great gusto heralds to the world the truly wonderful fact that he has made a great dis covery. A correspondent of the Memphis Commercial evidently be longs to this class, for in a recent communication to that paper he says: "Th« r»port that the Farmers' Alliauce and Labor Unionists of Lee county have coniolidaUd and threaten to put out a tick et for delegates to the Constitutional Con vention lias caused no alarm in political circles in tha State whatever. The good Democrats around Tupelo are strong enough to knock into a cocked hat anything in the ahapo of opposition to the regular party." "threat" is news to us and will probably be to members of the order in Lee county. The alliance is not a political organization, but the order will be represented in tlie Constitutional Convention. It is right that ifshould be represented, ». i i i,. . 1 - a i ! for it is extremely doubtful if the , il I liii nvenbon would ever have beer ca.ied, out .or .he Jemamls o. the , a11 " Jn order to secure repre- j < •"•»Lition, it is no, necessary for the i I «lliance, as an ortter. to nominate candidates. Hut when the (-minty j ! r. .. . . : I (.invention and primaries come on, ! .1 i .-I ,, the members of the alhauce will ex-j I a This ,, . . , , , . .. eras« their rights and vote tor the . , . . men ot their choice. As to what the ,. , . n , , .,, , Democrats around iupelo will do, ... ' , , we will simpiy remark that tliev , . . , ~ i would he powerless to do anything ...... . , , " i without the help ot the people of I j 1 county— rocyst iff ^ Horn belong to the alliance There are no doubt, jn»t »« Hood Democrats in the co,in trv districts of Lee count, * there are in the lo„„ of ..Wand a re .. ' flection on hem is altogether un just. As above stated, we had not hoard of this alleged "threat" of the order in Lee county and we do not , .1 ... ' ,. . , j believe the alliance will put out a I , ' ticket there, but if they should they j j )vi'l Probably have a good reason for j j if. | I The same correspondent intimates j that the alliance „ l,ei„ g I,n,„ s ht I .. .... . into disrepute* b\ ''designing polit i . ., ... . : . 1 À .. coins. fins is stale, ouch talk j vca.i common when the order was in its incipieney, but it ought to be abandoned now. quite likely that v few men have joined tli-' 1 order for selfish purposes, but the number is comparatively small and can exert no influence and hence will never, never disrupt the order. Men join churches for sel "steal the livery of the devil in" but they cannot impede cause of religion. So it is with the alliance. The order is, and should be, very careful to admit no one un less lie or she is clearly entitled to membership. However, it does seem, with the past record of the alliance before the public, that, it is high time to quit talking about politics ruining the order in this State. Such talk is mere drivel the silli est kind of stuff and nonsense. Of it is ! course, j ksh purposes heaven to serve the Dairy farming is tiie highest branch of agriculture yet developed. Hence it calls for more skill and a greater degree of intelligence than any other business connected with the farm. Dairy cattle need the best of grain and of grass that can be grown; hence the dairy farmer must needs know how to grow such crops at the least expense. So dai ry cattle need to be bred and fed with as much care and judgment as any other class of stock, and the dairy farmer must have skill in feeding and judgment in breeding. —Jersey Bulletin. WORTH HEEDING. «''»ome or bought at Cw prices. : ! and it pronorlv applied , 1 ; 1 than double the productive liower ^ ^ ^ o n]iuarv hind can ea , ^ be made to profile f .rtv bush j ^ of ^ ^ ^ ^ i pj lf . n j,. j . . . . : their acreage, improve t.ieir hinds ! - , ■ and cultivate their crops ihoroueh . , . - ^ I ly amt a new era of prosperity is sme to dawn. Brethren i liance, try it. \\ e believe an ex periment will convince advantages to be derived! from fol- i lowing the plan heréjo. Av Vsted. A large number of farmers are working very hard, early and late, to pav taxes on property (and in terest) which virtually belongs to some one else. Better sell part of the farm, cultivate less laud and lay less taxes make more Tbis has been demonstrated, j . uf down . j f the al j cultivate it better; and no interest, an profit on the rest.—Exchange. 5 The above contains good, sound, solid advice. It is a fact ti. it can not be disputed, that our farmers attempt each year to cultivate too much land. They plant a, large acreage, neglect to fertilize anil when the time comes to work out the crop, are compelled to neglect some of it too long. It is strange that people will skim over three or four acres of land for fifty bushels of corn or a bale of cotton, when it could be made on one acre. Is it any wonder that "farming doesn't pay?" But the right kind of farm ing does pay—there is no question about it. Fertilizers car be made ! will more cotton per i farmers our ■U of the THEV Are ALL 1 ^'VED. m„„ v,„. i?.„ /1 \ I , , f ^ !*TT ? ° l '"i' ***' l""" " "*"* "T , v " rv b " , ' ,,t "I" nd costly presents have gone out from this office. Numbers of persons in i:« _ nt i...... , " *, 4 ' 1 * *7 ''T» 'T*' Tf ™, oufîl ' j new subscribeis to get a li indsome I . ».. . .. present. All who receive these pres j , e de]i hted and fe „| f]mt thev j areraor(i(h ^ aidfoi . thislittlel ^ | . ,. ^... .. ■ . . j * . , . ' I T, ' ' TV*. » M A) and such chibs secure oeautnul , .. , . . presents. Every farmer ought to . , • , . . , . I take this paper -it is not oniy tolas 1 interest to do so, but it is iris duty j to do so. Why ? Because T;i i : N ew j j Fakmek is his own paper and labors I at all times to promote his inferos and is worth several times its sub I ( i * i ... I smption puce to all who read it. j Those who work for it, get pay for ; their labor and at the same time j accomplish good for the alliance by circnlating its organ. We still have a lot of these beautiful and lmnd on hand. Don't ! some premiums you want one? If so, pick out your premium and get up a chib of sub scribers. You can do it it is as "easy as falling off of a log," and we assure you that you will get a present that will cause you to ex claim, "Oh! how beautiful:'' "It is just lovely," etc. Try it. A list of premiums can be found elsewhere in this issue Each one of us is bound to make the little circle in which he lives better und happier; each one of us is bound to see that out of that small circle the widest good may flow; each of us may have fixed in his mind the thought that out of a sin gle household may flow influences that shall stimulate the whole com monwealth and the whole civilized world.—Dean Stanley. las Sam Jones has been holding a meeting at Abenleen and the Mem phis Avalanche says "the devifis oh the run." "Protection." The Colorado Farmer (Denver) has its idea of what is »wanted: : who i The smoke of every corn fire writes protection on the sky," says the New York press in a burst of generous eloquence. We fancy ten thousand corn fires burned daily in Kansas, Nebraska, and Colorado during the past winter; and we are tempted to ask (apologizing paren thetically to the protectionist for so doing) what benefit the barefooted boys who carried that corn from the fields received from looking at the sky all written over with the word protection"—written in smoke at that? Did such elevated and un substantial "protection" warm their naked feet? Did it buy protected shoes and stockings? Did it add in the least to their coinfort? Or, rather, did it make the cold less bit ter and the poverty less pinching? But it was not alone the tariff or the want of a higher tariff that made it necessary to burn corn with in a hundred miles of coal mines where men were begging for work to earn the money to buy corn. Markets have been unsettled by men were willing to rob and op press the producers of necessities that they—-mere handlers of prod ucts or speculators in values—might grow rich on the labor of others, i The railroads, especially the bond have charged exorbi j taut rates for carrying the products . of the farm to market. The custom j lias been to charge "all the traffic would bear." The money loaners have taken advantage of borrowers' necessities, and have fixed interest rates so high that only men of ex traordinary business ability have been able to meet their obligations. These things have make the lot of the Western ferme • j a very hard one cry torn lire do* tion on the sky. But the every corn fire as it is reflected from the ! i aided roads. combined to ! 1 The srnokA of ■ - s no) write firoU-c-j Î Vfght of ' ... ... the deed, of dieap pointaient that W»hove the Bruin field» »,„1 «•? <*,»» "«?■ ««*>*«• a bale-lire burns to wain honest n,ei1 and lovers of right to arouse themselves to action; it marks where 1 nien and women and children suffer for want, of the eon,fort, of hfe: marks where the producers and pos 1 , , sessors of the real wealth of the country- the grain that furnishes the food for the millions- are roh bed or the means and power to use | what they nave produced. Out on j » ITf e 7 "** î i workers to ill l the monev-chests of robheeô' remo« 1 . I who vn> 1 j j s j I the fans L rv manly principle i Out public servants | on the spoil that I that .hey may share taken from defenseie men an n! It; is not protection that It is justice. 'The i protective tariff may be a good thing i for part of the people; free trade I might, be a good thing for part of j (; H , people; fair trade would be just ; to all. j u\ ,1 era nee: . i i ! Su 1>-Trt':tsury i'iau Intlor.- t To the Editor oi' Tlio New Farmer: 1 following resolution was passed by Madison County Alliance | yesterday, to wit: Resolved, dorse the résolution published iu The New Fakhlu of this adopted by Pearl Alliance county in reference to the sub treasury plan. The That v. e heartily in- ! * date as of this Fraternally, E. Fleming, Sec. Canton, Mu April 17, 1890. Tribute ol'Kospcct. The Macedonia Farmers' Alli ance is called to mourn the death of Sister M. J. Woodfin, who died April 18, 1890. She leaves a sor rowing husband and a host of friends to mourn her departure. As her labor closes on earth, may her refreshments commence in Heaven. J. Eugene Puckett, Secretary. Don't be looking abroad for a market until you are sure you can't find one at home. A steady home market is worth more than ten times las much aa an uncertain foreign one# KAUM PAtrOTS. To underdrain is often a source of gain. Manure tramped down by livj* stock does not firefung. Russia leans money to her farm ers at a low rate of interest. We had 70f> miles of electric rail way on the 1st ©f January last. one can economize for the farmer so well as the farmer himself. The man who treats his soil well will be treated well by his soil. Who ever heard of an over supply of first-class dairy products? Grades of the highest quality are in demand in the beef market. i • No La Grippe lessened consumption. that is, of beefsteak and the like. On sandy soils, that leach badly apply the manure directly to the crop. Peas, beans and cow-peas have about the same chemical composi tion. A soil well prepared to receive the crop needs little after cultivation. Oats and peas grown together are called "ham sandwiches" for stock. A short useful life is better than a long useless one in town or coun try. It is an unprofitable hired man who objects to working between meals. The young dude operating in W all street reminds one of the sheep fold. Milk should not be of the quality of mercy, which we are told "is not ! strained. All the legislation in the world n't make the cows give the same quality of milk Is there any fun in tilling twe 1 - ' Ci togottheproatsofone? Ihere » «• I™«' '» «• | Take time to eat vqiu meals. It j does not follow, however, that you i -*«M not .ate time to ewk. ' Barley hay is a feature in Califor Prof. Henry, who has inspect ed it, thinks well of it. so many reaching for the farmer's pocket, how could he keep any money in it. if lie had it? ma. With "Losing the cud" generally indi cates some trouble in the mouth making it painful to 1 : tic.ate. Be sure to raise such crop.- as your i Hiark.-i. demands. Them is no prof it m a lot ol unsalable trueic. | Ti; i-; no trust like that of the .'armer m his soil when well eultiva •tilized. :e; ted ,i r aim c miu: s no body. man is a j rA • t type of his race or his nation. So no one uni "ii fully typifies its species of i breed. i There ! alike: s ,\ are no two farms exactly precisely the same man 1 agenient would no* answer for any | two. College graduate, if ! learned have useful, the farm * affords a good opportunity for em ploying and extending it. Sand and muck land. Let those who have mucky gardens try it. Salt, will do the soil good. Don't be in a hurry about work ing on the roads; but when you get at it avoid, as far as possible, mak ing them any worse than they are. A liberal expenditure onthefarm, as in some other places, is often the wisest economy; but it must be made so as to bring remunerative returns. ■•. M, anything reatlv uu :ove ■ So will a ttle lime. Excursion to Attalln, Ala., uml Hu« turn. For the great land sale at Attal la., Ala., April 28, 29, 30, the Queen aud Crescent Route will sell round trip tickets at low excursion rates from all stations between Cincinna ti, New* Orleans and Vicksburg, tickets good for returning until May 10, 1890. For further information apply to agents of the Queen and Crescent Route or agents of connecting lines.