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in to is a STATE ALLIANCE DIRECTORY R C Putty, President, Maco.n, J II iloGohee, Vice President. C T Smithson. Secretary, New Port. T L' Darden, Treasurer, Fayette. R W Coleman, Lecturer, Aberdeen. Frank Burkitt, Ass't. Lecturer, Okolona. S C Vinson, Chaplain, Oakland. Frank Howel, Doorkeeper, Durant, T E Groome, Ass't. Doorkeeper. T N Touchstone, Sergeant-at-Arms. B. G. West, State Bus. Ag't, Winona. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. J H Beeman, Chairman, Eley. T J Millsaps, Crystal Springs. S R. Lamb, Batesville. BOARD OF CONTROL—EXCHANGE. B F Passmore, President, Passonis. J C Hall, Anguilla. P M Miller, Grenada. R C Patty, Macon. J H Beeman Eley. THE APPLE ORCHARD. THIRTY-EIGHT BRIEF RULES FOR THE CARE OF AN API'LE ORCHARD. For successful orcharding, there are many requisites to be observed which are given in extended articles, and which on account of their length the inexperienced are apt to overlook. They may therefore be more useful if condensed in the fol lowing thirty-eight, brief rules: 1. Select a good soil, such as will raise good farm crops. 2. Make it mellow at once, or with previous mellowing crops. 3. Hillsides of the rocky places are admissible only in case plenty of barn manure can be bad for annual top dressing. 4. See that the land has good natural or artificial drainage. j, orous from 5. Choose young and vig trees, not over two years old the graft. 0. See that ample roots are se cured in digging—enough to stiffen the tree without staking, and give ready growth. 7. Avoid large, overgrown or stunted trees, which have short roots mutilated by digging. 8. Remember that a good supply of roots is more important than straight stems or handsome heads. 9. Procure well-proved standard varieties, and not new lauded sorts. 10. If trees from a distance are partly dry when received, bury them for a week, top and all, in a finely pulverized, moist soil, to restore them. 11. Before setting out, dig holes broad enough to receive all the roots without bending. 12. Use no manure, except on the surface after setting, or in the re mote parts of large holes. 13. In setting out, spread the roots out equally on all sides, at their full length, and fill in com pactly fine mellow earth. 14. After set, shorten back the long shoots and thin out where too thick, giving a neat, even, moderate head. 15. Always shorten back before the buds swell, and never when part ly or wholly in leaf. 10. Keep the ground for several feet around the newly-set trees clean and mellow all summer. 17. Keep the ground cultivated over the whole surface for six or eight years after transplanting; af ter which allow grass to grow only in case a good annual or biennial top dressing of manure can be giv en. 18. As the roots of growing trees are as long as their height, avoid the mistake of spading or manuring narrow circles around the foot of the stem, but cultivate the whole surface. 19. Preserve a smooth clear stem by promptly removing all suckers. 20. Clover aud sowed grain should never be allowed in young orchards; grass, if kept short and annually top dressed with manure, is admis sible, hoed crops, as corn and pota toes, do well; and clear culture is best. In well-managed orchards much pruning is unnecessary, and when performed, do but little in any one year; thin the outside of the head and not the center, and paint all wounds. 22. Undesirable fruits, or those proved unfitted for the climate, may be changed to good ones by graft ing; several grafts, spread over the heads, will soon form bearing trees. For large trees, divide the grafting through two or three seasons. 23. For home use, set out good varieties enough to keep up a con stant succession from the midsum mer kinds throughout autumn and winter, and of long-keepers to last through spring till the ripening of strawberries. 21 . c 24. For market, choose such as bear heavy crops of salable apples, and plant orchards only in such pla ces as they succeed well in, and find a ready sale at the most profitable times of the year. If trees are received when frozen, they will be killed if thawed in air; but if compactly buried in mellow soil before thawing, they will not be injured. 20. Mice are excluded in winter by a smooth, compact conical mound of soil around the stems of each tree, to be leveled again in spring. 27 Old trees may be pushed in to new life, and bearing by top dress ing well a circle two rods in diame ter about them, and pruning out dead shoots. 28. As soon as a young orchard is set out, register the varieties in an account book, otherwise the label being lost before bearing, loss and confusion of names will result. 29. Tools for cultivating or chards without tearing up roots are the Acme smoothing harrow, share's and disk harrow. 30. Destroy coddling moths by destroying with Paris green and London purple, and punch borers in their holes with flexible wire. 31. Farmers who allow cattle to break into their young orchards should remember that fences are as important as manure. 32. Planting in thin soil, setting trees, hurriedly and allowing weeds and grass possession of a hard and crusted earth, will not accumulate silver and gold. 33. Planting large nursery trees, carelessly dug with short and muti lated roots, will prove unprofitable. 34. Shortening back the heads of newly-transplanted trees after the opening of the leaves, instead of be fore the swelling of the buds, checks the growth and seriously injures them. 35. Allowing weeds and grass to grow in young orchards invites ipice and stunts the trees. 30. Permitting suckers to grow around the trunks and those making a wasteful brush-heap, spoils the trees. 37. Setting young orchards in meadows find grain fields often de stroys tlnim. t '38. Pruning too much at a time, instead of a light pruning in suc cessive years, if needed, injures the vigor of trees.—Country Gentleman. GOLDKX nniCKS. 25. ed TO in an of BY "BRICK POMEROY. The less a man knows the greater his prejudice. Every good act man does is shak ing hands with God. Life is the best school, and con science the best guide. Nine-tenths of man's ills come only as they are invited. The man who is always sober is always on the right road. Persons who have dirty backyards leave dirty memories. Our best friends are not those who always come with taffy. Never ask a man for his adv.ice unless you are willing to accept it. Retailing scandal and injurious reports of others is like drinking swill. One sure way to bring unhappi ness is to quarrei with what you have. No man should expect more of good will from others than he has for them. To neglect to train a girl to active usefulness is to land her in future misery. The sturdiest and tallest trees grow in the field of indifference to public opinion. The man whose wife does not know how to keep house neatly is not fully benefitted by marriage. When persons marry they should cease trying to offend each other with words intended to sting. Never accept the advice or rely on the judgment of a man who is not posted on what he talks about. The preaching of others will nev er get us into Heaven, as every per son must make the climb for him self. Many a man has cured himself of sickness hv going to work and ceas ing to sit on a nest full of worry e Së 3 - The dirtiest robber of all is the person who detracts from another's | t J good name and thus robs his bet ters. Some wives are never happy till they have said something to make their husbands feel sorry and miser able. The woman who really loves a man will never lay in wait with words that burn or that are intend ed to humiliate. The less you have to do with any person whose talk is about his neigh bors, the better off and happier you will be. Man's principal wealth as he starts in the next life will be his education and what he has learned that is useful to others in this life. TO ABOLISH TI1E SI PHEMK CO CUT. ReiiinrUablc Action Proposed by the Minnesota Farmers' Alliance. St. Paul, Minn.—[Special. |— The indignation of the farmers of Minnesota has risen to a white heat over the decision of the United States Supreme Court in the now fa mous Granger cases, in which the Minnesota Railway Commission was practically laid on the shelf. The Executive Committee of the State Farmers' Alliance, representing over 30,000 tillers of the soil, met here to-day and passed the following re markable set of resolutions denun ciatory of the Supreme Court and asking all the Farmers' Alliances in the country to join with them in a National Convention looking to the abolition of the Supreme Court: Whereas, It is reported by the daily press that the United States Supreme Court has recently decided in a case appealed from this State that the Railroad Commission (and inferentially the State Legislature) has no right or power to prescribe rates for transportation on the rail roads of the State or to do more than establish prima facie reasona ble rates, e&ch detail to be fought over in a succession of courts, with interminableditigation,thereby prac tically nullifying or reversing great decisions of the same court made some years siAee in the Granger cas es; there ft* Resol v«» mittee ofl an ce speaK farmers of gard the saidv recent decision as one of the greatest injustices in the his tory of our country and as signify ing the subjection of the people and the State to the unlimited control of the railroad corporations of this country. Resolved, That we appeal from this second Dred Scott decision to the people of the .Nation and we ask them to consider whether any other race would submit; to have their liberties thus wheedled away from them on technicalities by a squad of lawyers sitting as a supreme author ity high above Congress, President, and people. We call attention to the fact that the citizens of Eng land, from whom we have largely derived our form of government, would not permit for one instant a bench of Judges to nullify an act of Parliament. There the people are properly omnipotent. No civilized government on earth has ever con ferred such powers upon any court as are by our Constitution granted to the United States Supreme Court. In our an.viety to protect the rights of property we have created a ma chinery that threatens to destroy the rights of man. Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be sent by our Secretary to the Alliances of the several States of the Union with the request that they unite with us in an effort to so amend the Constitution of the Uni ted States as to abolish this new slavery of the States and nation es tablished by and for the benefit of corporate wealth ; and to make it so plain that the people are masters in this event that no court, however shallow or corrupt, shall ever again attempt to subject them to the dom ination of the artificial personages they have themselves created. Resolved, That we recommend the holding of a convention by the alliances of the United States at an early date to consider the very grave and momentous questions arising out of this extraordinary decision. Resolved, That we hereby eipress the gratitude of the farmers of Min nesota to Judges Bradley, Lamar, Gray, and the other Judges of the Supreme Court who dissented from f, y tiie Executive Com te State Farmers' Aili ng tn behalf of 30,000 Minnesota, that we re the said decision and stood by the pucq'u^ upon/the question.—From | U^nâago^Trihune. J W. S. TURNER & m, Grocers and Commission Merchants, -AND DEALERS IN Coin Seed Meal, Hay, Bran, Core, Oats, Etc, Etc WINONA, MISSISSIPPI. We want to purchase all the Wool. Hides, Furs, Beeswax, Tallow, and in fact ev erything the farmers have to sell. It you want to exchnngo your produce for goods err money, give us a call. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN HARDWARE, STOVES, Steam Engines, Saw Mills, Grist Mills, Sorghum Mills; Gins, Cultivators, Side Harrow, Sash Doors, Blinds, etc We buy our goods by the car from manufacturers for cash which enables us to make pri ces which defy competition. PEG-TIES & CD. -wuntotst IMIISS. IBIF2-ZL.3Sr CŒ3I HOUSE: IMZiss TCOnTIES watts, Prescriptions Accurately and Carefully Compounded Dav and Night. Druggists and Stationers NORTH FRONT ROW. Have the; : largest and most complete stock of Drugs, Medicines, Paints Oils Glass, Stationery, School Books, Fancy Toilet Articles in Winona. Fresh Garden Seed and Onion Sets. American C • Of m ON S E R V A TOR\ USIC WEBER MUSIC HALL CHICAGO. High School for Pianos, Organs, Violin, Singing, Elocution, Dramatic Art, and all orchestral instruments. 1 upils prepared for the operatic and dramatic stage The faculty is composed of eminent artists and the course of study thorough and comprehen sive Unrivaled free advantages in the shape of concorts, recitals, lectures, a depart ment for the training of teachers, gold medals, etc. ' Catalogue mailed free on application. JOHN J. HATTSTAEDT, Director THE "PLANET JR." horse HOE Bu s world.wide fiune, ret its hosts of friends^ with the improvements for^ LEVER EXPANDER. It is instantaneous ra action, simple, firm and strong. Opens the tool to full width, or closes it up narrow, at will ; or one side may be ^ HANDLE ADJUSTMENT Sä 1 This is easily and quickly changed, ami is often useful in arranging the handles to one side when cultivating advanced, tall growing crops andi when covenng seeds, or einPMftßRfillJ For 18^0 making up beds ov rows. O I U L. Il H H 11 U W . arranged the ! tool that three Cultivator teeth maybe used set diagonally '-'£^5**** across the frame, either toward the right or the left. -- - set toward the left, the tool makes an elegant side harrow to' We shall bo glad to forward to any address full descriptive Catalogue and circulars Free. Patentees and _ _ j Manufacturers, have so S. L. ALLEN Sc CO. 1107 Market St., Philadelphia. The Side Harrow mentioned above is shown in cut below,which also shows tho perfect and easy adjustment of the implement. It can be adjusted fo cultivate anv crop perfectly, enabling one hand and horse to do the work of three with the old stv'le bull tongue and sweep. \ V â \ "s Agents WINONA AND CARROLLTON, MISSISSIPPI.