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The Good the Alliance has Done.
Many members and ex-members have asked the question, "What good has the Alliance done?" and no doubt hundreds would say that it has done no good. Such would be the answer of only the unthink ing. In speaking of the Alliance I do not mean specifically the organi zation known by that name, but in clude all organizations among farm ers in which the members ally them selves together for the purpose of mutual instruction, mutual financial benefit, or for social purposes. * •* * * Though we have been henelitted wonderfully, our benefits have been more of knowledge than practice. We have learned where the shoe pinch's and liovv it pinches, hut we have not taken the shoe off, and we can not hope to take it off unless we make a united and concerted ef foit. There is much yet unlearned of the causes, and we need the brain • of every laborer to ho.lp lind them. Then we will need the help of every whoso head wears' Adam's man mark to help us to have this law, a law of liberty, truly. There is but little real antagonism of interest be tween the learned professions, the mercantile world, and the farmers and laborers. In this land of ours a law that will oppress me to-day, in the changes of life may oppress you to-morrow. The merchant may he a prosperous man to-day and a tramp to-morrow. His family may roll in wealth to-day and his sons be farm laborers next week. While laws that are just to all may not be much assistance in creating million aires in a decade, they may help keep millionaires' sons and daugh ters from being oppressed unjustly when the tide of fortune turns. There are men foolish enough to want an equal distribution of the wealth of this country, hut you will — -iiôf finit many or them foremost in the ranks of any farmers' organiza tion. What we want distributed equally to all men, "regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude," is the opportunity for the pursuit of happiness. Seme men, who do not look below the surface, that now; you can he a millionaire now if you have the money," or "you can ha a banker now if you have the spundulix; the chance is open to you." Yes, this is true, the chance is open to me. 1 could en joy all the privileges of either class if I have the cash, and there is no law prohibiting me from trying; hut it is the privileges of the classes I am objecting to, and not the class es themselves. It is the privileges of the ius that makes it so easy for them to stay in and so hard for the outs to get in. If the classes had less privileges and the individuals more it would he better for the country, and it can be brought about only by the united effort olj the unprivileged classes. So long as they remain divided in sentiment and undisciplined in purpose, so long the workingmen will he the outs and the privileged classes the ins. Organization has taught us the weak places in human nature. It is generally believed in my sec tion that the average composition of the genus homo is one part man and three parts dog. This is why there are so many falling away from the organization, for it is generally known that dogs are not gregarious, and that when many of them are confined together there is generally a considerable amount of snarling, if not some fighting. Tins of course, accounts for so many who say the Alliance has done them no good; these are no doubt the ones who got bitten and failed to get a bone. Taking a surface view of the Al liance, many who have not studied it might conclude that it was going into a decline; but I can assure its say, "Why, you have will friends that they need not be look ing for cards to its funeral, sleapeth" only, and will awaken like Sampson and turn upon its enemies. The seeds that hare been falling for the last five years have fallen on some fertile soil and are taking deep root, and they will develop into plants of liberty that will so occupy the ground as to overshadow and choke out the noxious weeds of ig norance, lethargy, selfishness, and humble submission. There are true patriots alive to-day on American soil who are as true friends of true liberty as ever were Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, or Ben Franklin, and their teachings are going out over the land and arousing the man hood that remains in the posterity of the fathers of this free land. The Alliance has brought careless and uneducated men together under the same roof with men who have stud ied the history of dead nations and can read the handwriting on the wall, and these have assimulated, and now through a labor press, es tablished and maintained by them together, are sending out into the world facts and theories that will yet bring gladness to the toiler and hope to the heart of the father of poor children. The Alliance has done what the sword, the press, and the pulpit have failed to do, and if it had died with out accomplishing more, it might have claimed a monument with this inscription ''I am mightier than all," for after twenty-four years of polit ical reconstruction, forty years of philanthropy, and a hundred years of preaching, it was left to the Alli ance to blot out the Mason and Dixon line—that imaginary line on which the bloody shirt was hung every four years—and to unite the worlcin of the Northwest with the half Ku Klnx and half desperado cotton planter of the South. Thehornssf the Ku-Klux were knocked off the cotton-planter, and the shirt that has been waved so faithfully has been torn up with Mason and Dix on's line and cast into the Missis sippi, and by this time no doubt are in the maw of some cat-fisli, or mak ing a nest for some mud-turtle of a politician who will have to crawl into his shell when he sees the re sult of the next election. • One of the last, if not greatest, oods that 1 shall name to-night that the Alliance has done is, it has inspired the masses with renewed hope, and if our members would each become a missionary, we could soon rally a stronger array than ev er, for we have more to rally with and more yet to hear from.-- J. A. Tetts, in National Economist. is It a is mortgage-h u nted farmer ■ r r*i . r WIIAT SYMPATHY IS. The Grandest Emotion nn<l l et the One Roust Understood. Sympathy is one of the divine gifts to the human soul; one of the gifts that grows richer by the dispensing. Perhaps of all the emotions that move the soul, sympathy is the one least understood. We seem to think, many of us, that sympathy is a mat ter of tears and sighs, of frantic hand-clasps and superlative express ion. We term the woman who is moved to tears by a tale of woe, by the history of an incident beyond the reach of remedy, a woman of sympathy This condition isastate of nervous disease that should he treated by a physician who admin isters medicine with a knowledge of psychology. Sympathy is not a water-cure. It is a strong active, forceful element in soul power. It is not confined to shadows; it works benefieiently in the sunlight. It meets the face reflecting a great in ward joy, and gives to it added brightness because of a soul set aflame by the light of another. It stretches out a guiding hand to a soul groping in a thousand perplex 61 ities, trying to find its way, to get its bearings, in the maze that in volves it. It helps the sorrowing, not by adding tears, but by finding new interests. Is there a condition in life where this divine gift cannot work miracles? How often its mag ic reveals to those who have before been strangers the inner light that is the ego, the world will never know. We gladly give ourselves to the people in tatters, and spend hours of thought in devising bath ing facilities for the great unwash ed, while we do not think to extend the hand of fellowship to the wo man whose surroundings denote possessions of material tilings, though the soul were clothed and fed with velvets, and fruits served out of season! The pity of it! Wliat is fellowship with our kind? It is seeing beneath the surface, it is finding the ego behind the mask which the world calls a face, know we live two Jives—one the As We world sees, and the other a life re vealed only to love, which is the es sense of sympathy; and to those who see behind the mask we give the right of sympathy, the right to laugh with us, the right to weep with us, the right to point to us a pathway where we see no outlook. Sympathy is not one-sided—an emo tion that moves but one. It is thought only until moved to action. The giver grows richer who gives in love, and the gift is not alms. Aims are the coins of duty, sympathy is the coin of love. It circulates in all classes; it does not shut out the pos sessors of wealth, for it sees, it feels, that there are "things" that cannot he deposited in safe deposit vaults. Every friend who finds us, every friend we find, makes this world a new heaven, is not thip wealth, this joy, worth striving after? '"''or does not a friend's sympathy make our weakness strength? Does not sympathy double our joys, and send a gleam from Heaven into our deep est sorrow ? 'JAiat which we receive is ours to gi''o% Life grows deeper, fuller, not as ^ef^hdt the world (hit, hut as we ope: F bur hearts to receive the best in it, give the best in our selves. - Christian Union. How,toKeci» YoungJMcnon the Farm. We hear very much of the best ways and means to keep the youn men on the farms. In order to do this many tilings are needed. We mention, first in order and impor tance, to cause them to respect the calling of their fathers, by under standing that it is not a mere han dicraft, but that, among intellectu al pursuits it is the most intellectu al; among sciences it is the chief science; among learned professions it. is the most learned of all; and, finally, that among occupations of men none is more ancient, or illus trious, or honorable. In the sec ond place, in order to keep young men on the farm it is necessary that the Government shall lift from the patient shoulders of agriculture some of the grossly unequal burdens it has imposed upon them wrong fully and in defiance of the funda mental principles of its own organ ic law. Perhaps we should better say it is necessary that agriculture shall claim proper recognition at the hands of all other classes. It must both assert and defend and do what is necessary to maintain and establish its rieht in these premises. It must have its full representation among the represen tives of the people, and it must ex ercise that influence which of a right ought to belong to it; not merely in the selection of candi dates for office, hut in the intelli gent discussion and right decision of all great public questions. When these things are done, as they should be done, agriculture will af ford a safe and easier living any other pursuit or profession, in which case the young men who adopt it will love'it and take pride in it, and no earthly force can di vorce them from it. farm must be made a home, era conveniences and labor-saving or labor-lightening machines and devices must he brought into The home must be adorned in sim ple, good taste, and the landscape beautified. All things about and around the farm and home must conspire to Bugged the beautiful, . the go>d, and - the true.—National Economist o* than Lastly the Mod use. 7' How the Typewiiter Wa« luvoutocl. In connection with a friend, Samuel W. Soule, a printer and inventor, O. L. Sholes was engaged in Milwaukee during the winter of 1806 and 1807 in developing a machine for printing the numbers of pages on the leaves of blank books, after the books were bound, and for printing the serial numbers on bank notes. Carlos Glid den, a friend of Sholes with un inven tive fancy, took great interest in the paging machine and asked why a sim ilar contrivance could not be made that would write letters and words in stead of figures and numbers, three men worked together upon this idea, but Sholes evolved the main part of the machine. Ho suggested pivoted types set in a circle. The principal contribution of Mr. Glidden was his suggestion that such a ma chine ought to be made, In Septem ber, 18C7, a machine was finished and letters written with it. The invention was far from being a perfect writing machine, but ono of the letters, sent to James Dinsmore, of Meadville, Pa., so interested him that he offered to pay all the expenses up to date for a one-fourth interest. His offer was ac cepted. Soule and Glidden subse quently dropped out, leaving Sholes and Dinsmore sole proprietors.—Kan sas Citv Star. The Authors Prefer s» Pei to a Pencil. I find our poets, as a rule, strangely enough, use the pen almost without an exception. Mr. Lowell, Dr. Holmes and Mr. Whittier never think of the pencil as an instrument of com position. Mr. Aldrich, also, uses the pen, as docs Margaret Deland and like wise Edmund Clarence Stedman. The poet Stoddard will vary between llio pen and the pencil, as the mood may seize him. Robert Louis Stevenson, on the other hand, prefers a. pencil, al though he has written the complete manuscript of a novel with a pen. Mrs. Burnett also uses the pen, al though during her recent illness she used a pencil almost exclusively. George William Curtis is loyal to the pencil in his rough drafts. Mr. How ells .thinks ho writes easier with the pen. What little manual literary work is done by Frank Stockton ho does by the pen. Edgar Fawcett uses the pencil almost exclusively, as also does Anna Katherine Green, who writes bestwith a pad on her knee, and if rely uses a desk or table.—New York Commercial > Advertiser. if Sleiern Innks. Kibbons Instead Apropos of the things men wear, you must drop your sleeve links and substitute for them a very narrow rib lion, which is tied in a stiff little bow through the two button holes. This is le dernicr cri in Paris, and no end of surmises come up as to how the Most fashions have fashion arose, their birth from accidents, and it is fair to conclude that Alphonse, in a spirit of gallantry, gave his sleeve links Io Therese. Elise or Marie, and that she, returning the compliment, drew the pretty little ribbon from lier lingerie sud fastened together, in a feminine fashion, the cuffs that were Philadelphia Times. 1 inkle f Kangavo« Skins. Up to ISO!) kangaroos were killed ami eaten in Australia, and their hides were cut into shoestrings. But an Englishman named Brown in that year discovered the remarkable char acter of the leather and brought sever al thousand skins to this country. He tried to sell the hide« to tanners, hut they were shy of the novelty, and lie had (o sell them at a sacrifice to a bookbinder. The bookbinder made triangular corner pieces in ledgers and commercial l>ooksoutof the skins, and :eriaincd tho good quality of the It was in ibis way that the larg* leather factories were first at tract'd to kangaroo hide. —Nature. Tlu' Value SO leather. Tlio Sound of Eight. Que of the most wonderful discov eries in science that have been made is the fact that a beam of light produces sound. A beam of sunlight is thrown through a lens on a glass vessel that lampblack, colored silk worsted, or oilier substaules. having slits or openings cut in it is made to revolve swiftly in this beam of light, so as to cut it up, thus mak ing alternate flashes of light and On putting tho car to tho gtass vessel, strange sounds are heard so long as the flashing beam is falling on the vessel.—American Art Jour nal. >>r contains A disk shadow. Giles—How did you manage to get your poem accepted by tlio new ed itor? Tubbs—Told him the old editor had declined it.—Epoch. The AI odd Wife. A model wife is the woman in whom the heart of her husband doth safely trust. She is the woman who looks af ter his household, and makes hospi tality a delight to him, and not a burden. Who has learned that a soft an swer will turn away wrath. Who keeps her sweetest smiles and most loving words for her hus band. Who is his confidant in sorrow or in joy, and who does not feel the necessity of explaining her pri vate affairs to the noigliborhoood. Who respects the rights of hus band and children, and in return has due regard paid to her. Who knows that the strongest argument is her womanliness, and so she cultivates it. Who is sympathetic in joy. or in grief, and who finds work for her hands to do. Who makes friends and keeps them. Who is not made hitter by troub le, hut who strengthens and sweet ens under it. Who tries to conceal the faults of her husband, rather than blazon them forth to an uninterested pub lic. The woman whose life-hook has love written on every page. Who makes a home for a man— a home in a house and in a heart. A home that he is sure of, a hutne that is full of love presided over by one whose prieS'is far above rubies. She is a model wife.—Ladies' Home Journal. RAILROAD TIME TABLE. HOW THE TRAINS PASS WINONA ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD NORTH > No 2—St Louis Express 9;27 p » No 4—Chicago nnd N O Express 3:34 a m No 8—Local Accommodation 12:39 p m SOUTH No 1—St Louis Express No 3- N O and Chicago Express 10:17 p m No 7—Local Accommodation All trains run daily, except No's 7 and 8, which do not run on Sunday, J W COLEMAN. A G P A, New Orleans, La, 12:39 p la 11:58 a in P A DuiilN, Agent, Winona Miss GEOBGIA PACIFIC JRAILROAD WEST 4:40 p m Fast Mail, passes No 52 No 4(1—Greenville Ac'm'n leaves 0:10 a in EAST No53—Past Mail passes No 41—GrecnvilleAc'm'n arrives 7:35 p m For tickets and information apply to F B CLEMENTS, Agent, Winona, Miss, 10:43 a nt GEORGIA PACIFIC RAILWAY DIVISION RICHMOND & DAMILLE MILRO&D CO. —Till] CREAT— SOUTHERN TRUNK LINE, DIRECT ROUTE— y&.3KTXD -CCTISSiKT. Extending from the Potomac to tho Mis sissippi. f rom Washington. D. n. and Richmond, Va., to Greenville, Miss, and Arkansas City, Ark. —EMBRACING— Atlanta, Tallapoosa, Anniston, Birmingham, Columbus. Miss., West Point, Winona, Ureonwood, Elizabeth and Greenville. Forming tho short lino between these points and TEXAS, LOUISIANA, ARKANSAS AND THE GREAT WEST, ALSO New York, Philadelphia AXIS THE .EAST. For maps, lime cards, rates, etc., apply to any usent of the Georgia Pacific ilailtvay or connecting roads. SOB. HAAS, Trallic Manager. ». H. HARDWICK. Gen'! Pass. Agent, Hirmiuaham. Alabama. IT /Li uLSil 111 THE G K EAT THUNK LINE QETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH. The Shortest and Quickest Rout« -TO JACKSON, VICKSBURG. NEW ORLEANS, And All Points in the Southwest. PULLMAN PALACE SLEEPING CARS HUN THROUGH DAILT I1ETWKEN New Orleans and Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis and Kansas City. Tho Great Steel Brldire spanning the Ohio River at Cairo, complotod, anil all train*, freight nnd pnssengor, now running regularly over it, thus nvoiaing delays and uunoyaneec incident to transfer by ferry boat. Fast Time. Sure Connections, Fine Equip ment, Splendid Eating Houses. All Steel Track,' Well Ballasted lloudway, are some of tho advantages offered passengers by this GREAT THROUGH LINE. 1 . W. COLEMAN. Ass't G. P. Agent, New ürdiîand. A. H. HANSON, Gen. Pass. Agt., CHICAGO,