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New farmer. (Winona, Miss.) 18??-1???, April 23, 1890, Image 4

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The Good the Alliance has Done.
Many members and ex-members
have asked the question, "What
good has the Alliance done?" and
no doubt hundreds would say that
it has done no good. Such would
be the answer of only the unthink
ing. In speaking of the Alliance I
do not mean specifically the organi
zation known by that name, but in
clude all organizations among farm
ers in which the members ally them
selves together for the purpose of
mutual instruction, mutual financial
benefit, or for social purposes.
Though we have been henelitted
wonderfully, our benefits have been
more of knowledge than practice.
We have learned where the shoe
pinch's and liovv it pinches, hut we
have not taken the shoe off, and we
can not hope to take it off unless
we make a united and concerted ef
foit. There is much yet unlearned
of the causes, and we need the brain
• of every laborer to ho.lp lind them.
Then we will need the help of every
whoso head wears' Adam's
mark to help us to have this law, a
law of liberty, truly. There is but
little real antagonism of interest be
tween the learned professions, the
mercantile world, and the farmers
and laborers. In this land of ours
a law that will oppress me to-day,
in the changes of life may oppress
you to-morrow. The merchant may
he a prosperous man to-day and a
tramp to-morrow. His family may
roll in wealth to-day and his sons be
farm laborers next week.
laws that are just to all may not be
much assistance in creating million
aires in a decade, they may help
keep millionaires' sons and daugh
ters from being oppressed unjustly
when the tide of fortune turns.
There are men foolish enough to
want an equal distribution of the
wealth of this country, hut you will
— -iiôf finit many or them foremost in
the ranks of any farmers' organiza
tion. What we want distributed
equally to all men, "regardless of
race, color, or previous condition of
servitude," is the opportunity for
the pursuit of happiness. Seme
men, who do not look below the
that now; you can he a millionaire
now if you have the money," or
"you can ha a banker now if you
have the spundulix; the chance is
open to you." Yes, this is true, the
chance is open to me. 1 could en
joy all the privileges of either class
if I have the cash, and there is no
law prohibiting me from trying;
hut it is the privileges of the classes
I am objecting to, and not the class
es themselves. It is the privileges
of the ius that makes it so easy for
them to stay in and so hard for the
outs to get in. If the classes had
less privileges and the individuals
more it would he better for the
country, and it can be brought
about only by the united effort olj
the unprivileged classes. So long
as they remain divided in sentiment
and undisciplined in purpose, so
long the workingmen will he the
outs and the privileged classes the
ins. Organization has taught us
the weak places in human nature.
It is generally believed in my sec
tion that the average composition of
the genus homo is one part man and
three parts dog. This is why there
are so many falling away from the
organization, for it is generally
known that dogs are not gregarious,
and that when many of them are
confined together there is generally
a considerable amount of snarling,
if not some fighting. Tins of course,
accounts for so many who say the
Alliance has done them no good;
these are no doubt the ones who got
bitten and failed to get a bone.
Taking a surface view of the Al
liance, many who have not studied
it might conclude that it was going
into a decline; but I can assure its
say, "Why, you have
friends that they need not be look
ing for cards to its funeral,
sleapeth" only, and will awaken like
Sampson and turn upon its enemies.
The seeds that hare been falling
for the last five years have fallen on
some fertile soil and are taking deep
root, and they will develop into
plants of liberty that will so occupy
the ground as to overshadow and
choke out the noxious weeds of ig
norance, lethargy, selfishness, and
humble submission. There are true
patriots alive to-day on American
soil who are as true friends of true
liberty as ever were Patrick Henry,
Thomas Jefferson, or Ben Franklin,
and their teachings are going out
over the land and arousing the man
hood that remains in the posterity
of the fathers of this free land. The
Alliance has brought careless and
uneducated men together under the
same roof with men who have stud
ied the history of dead nations and
can read the handwriting on the
wall, and these have assimulated,
and now through a labor press, es
tablished and maintained by them
together, are sending out into the
world facts and theories that will
yet bring gladness to the toiler and
hope to the heart of the father of
poor children.
The Alliance has done what the
sword, the press, and the pulpit have
failed to do, and if it had died with
out accomplishing more, it might
have claimed a monument with this
inscription ''I am mightier than all,"
for after twenty-four years of polit
ical reconstruction, forty years of
philanthropy, and a hundred years
of preaching, it was left to the Alli
ance to blot out the Mason and
Dixon line—that imaginary line on
which the bloody shirt was hung
every four years—and to unite the
of the Northwest with the half Ku
Klnx and half desperado cotton
planter of the South. Thehornssf
the Ku-Klux were knocked off the
cotton-planter, and the shirt that
has been waved so faithfully has
been torn up with Mason and Dix
on's line and cast into the Missis
sippi, and by this time no doubt are
in the maw of some cat-fisli, or mak
ing a nest for some mud-turtle of a
politician who will have to crawl
into his shell when he sees the re
sult of the next election.
• One of the last, if not greatest,
oods that 1 shall name to-night
that the Alliance has done is, it has
inspired the masses with renewed
hope, and if our members would
each become a missionary, we could
soon rally a stronger array than ev
er, for we have more to rally with
and more yet to hear from.-- J. A.
Tetts, in National Economist.
mortgage-h u nted farmer
■ r
The Grandest Emotion nn<l l et the
One Roust Understood.
Sympathy is one of the divine gifts
to the human soul; one of the gifts
that grows richer by the dispensing.
Perhaps of all the emotions that
move the soul, sympathy is the one
least understood. We seem to think,
many of us, that sympathy is a mat
ter of tears and sighs, of frantic
hand-clasps and superlative express
ion. We term the woman who is
moved to tears by a tale of woe, by
the history of an incident beyond
the reach of remedy, a woman of
sympathy This condition isastate
of nervous disease that should he
treated by a physician who admin
isters medicine with a knowledge of
psychology. Sympathy is not a
water-cure. It is a strong
forceful element in soul power. It
is not confined to shadows; it works
benefieiently in the sunlight. It
meets the face reflecting a great in
ward joy, and gives to it added
brightness because of a soul set
aflame by the light of another. It
stretches out a guiding hand to a
soul groping in a thousand perplex
ities, trying to find its way, to get
its bearings, in the maze that in
volves it. It helps the sorrowing,
not by adding tears, but by finding
new interests. Is there a condition
in life where this divine gift cannot
work miracles? How often its mag
ic reveals to those who have before
been strangers the inner light that
is the ego, the world will never
know. We gladly give ourselves to
the people in tatters, and spend
hours of thought in devising bath
ing facilities for the great unwash
ed, while we do not think to extend
the hand of fellowship to the wo
man whose surroundings denote
possessions of material tilings,
though the soul were clothed and
fed with velvets, and fruits served
out of season! The pity of it!
Wliat is fellowship with our kind?
It is seeing beneath the surface, it
is finding the ego behind the mask
which the world calls a face,
know we live two Jives—one the
world sees, and the other a life re
vealed only to love, which is the es
sense of sympathy; and to those
who see behind the mask we give
the right of sympathy, the right to
laugh with us, the right to weep
with us, the right to point to us a
pathway where we see no outlook.
Sympathy is not one-sided—an emo
tion that moves but one. It is
thought only until moved to action.
The giver grows richer who gives in
love, and the gift is not alms. Aims
are the coins of duty, sympathy is
the coin of love. It circulates in all
classes; it does not shut out the pos
sessors of wealth, for it sees, it feels,
that there are "things" that cannot
he deposited in safe deposit vaults.
Every friend who finds us, every
friend we find, makes this world a
new heaven, is not thip wealth,
this joy, worth striving after? '"''or
does not a friend's sympathy make
our weakness strength? Does not
sympathy double our joys, and send
a gleam from Heaven into our deep
est sorrow ? 'JAiat which we receive
is ours to gi''o% Life grows deeper,
fuller, not as ^ef^hdt the world (hit,
hut as we ope: F bur hearts to receive
the best in it, give the best in our
selves. - Christian Union.
How,toKeci» YoungJMcnon the Farm.
We hear very much of the best
ways and means to keep the youn
men on the farms. In order to do
this many tilings are needed. We
mention, first in order and impor
tance, to cause them to respect the
calling of their fathers, by under
standing that it is not a mere han
dicraft, but that, among intellectu
al pursuits it is the most intellectu
al; among sciences it is the chief
science; among learned professions
it. is the most learned of all; and,
finally, that among occupations of
men none is more ancient, or illus
trious, or honorable. In the sec
ond place, in order to keep young
men on the farm it is necessary
that the Government shall lift from
the patient shoulders of agriculture
some of the grossly unequal burdens
it has imposed upon them wrong
fully and in defiance of the funda
mental principles of its own organ
ic law. Perhaps we should better
say it is necessary that agriculture
shall claim proper recognition at
the hands of all other classes. It
must both assert and defend and
do what is necessary to maintain
and establish its rieht in these
premises. It must have its full
representation among the represen
tives of the people, and it must ex
ercise that influence which of a
right ought to belong to it; not
merely in the selection of candi
dates for office, hut in the intelli
gent discussion and right decision
of all great public questions. When
these things are done, as they
should be done, agriculture will af
ford a safe and easier living
any other pursuit or profession, in
which case the young men who
adopt it will love'it and take pride
in it, and no earthly force can di
vorce them from it.
farm must be made a home,
era conveniences and labor-saving
or labor-lightening machines and
devices must he brought into
The home must be adorned in sim
ple, good taste, and the landscape
beautified. All things about and
around the farm and home must
conspire to Bugged the beautiful,
. the go>d, and - the true.—National
Lastly the
How the Typewiiter Wa« luvoutocl.
In connection with a friend, Samuel
W. Soule, a printer and inventor, O.
L. Sholes was engaged in Milwaukee
during the winter of 1806 and 1807 in
developing a machine for printing the
numbers of pages on the leaves of
blank books, after the books were
bound, and for printing the serial
numbers on bank notes. Carlos Glid
den, a friend of Sholes with un inven
tive fancy, took great interest in the
paging machine and asked why a sim
ilar contrivance could not be made
that would write letters and words in
stead of figures and numbers,
three men worked together upon this
idea, but Sholes evolved the main
part of the machine. Ho suggested
pivoted types set in a circle. The
principal contribution of Mr. Glidden
was his suggestion that such a ma
chine ought to be made, In Septem
ber, 18C7, a machine was finished and
letters written with it. The invention
was far from being a perfect writing
machine, but ono of the letters, sent
to James Dinsmore, of Meadville, Pa.,
so interested him that he offered to
pay all the expenses up to date for a
one-fourth interest. His offer was ac
cepted. Soule and Glidden subse
quently dropped out, leaving Sholes
and Dinsmore sole proprietors.—Kan
sas Citv Star.
Authors Prefer s» Pei
to a Pencil.
I find our poets, as a rule, strangely
enough, use the pen almost without
an exception. Mr. Lowell, Dr.
Holmes and Mr. Whittier never think
of the pencil as an instrument of com
position. Mr. Aldrich, also, uses the
pen, as docs Margaret Deland and like
wise Edmund Clarence Stedman. The
poet Stoddard will vary between llio
pen and the pencil, as the mood may
seize him. Robert Louis Stevenson,
on the other hand, prefers a. pencil, al
though he has written the complete
manuscript of a novel with a pen.
Mrs. Burnett also uses the pen, al
though during her recent illness she
used a pencil almost exclusively.
George William Curtis is loyal to the
pencil in his rough drafts. Mr. How
ells .thinks ho writes easier with the
pen. What little manual literary work
is done by Frank Stockton ho does by
the pen. Edgar Fawcett uses the pencil
almost exclusively, as also does Anna
Katherine Green, who writes bestwith
a pad on her knee, and if rely uses a
desk or table.—New York Commercial >
if Sleiern Innks.
Kibbons Instead
Apropos of the things men wear,
you must drop your sleeve links and
substitute for them a very narrow rib
lion, which is tied in a stiff little bow
through the two button holes.
This is le dernicr cri in Paris, and no
end of surmises come up as to how the
Most fashions have
fashion arose,
their birth from accidents, and it is
fair to conclude that Alphonse, in a
spirit of gallantry, gave his sleeve
links Io Therese. Elise or Marie, and
that she, returning the compliment,
drew the pretty little ribbon from lier
lingerie sud fastened together, in a
feminine fashion, the cuffs that were
Philadelphia Times.
1 inkle
f Kangavo« Skins.
Up to ISO!) kangaroos were killed
ami eaten in Australia, and their hides
were cut into shoestrings. But an
Englishman named Brown in that
year discovered the remarkable char
acter of the leather and brought sever
al thousand skins to this country.
He tried to sell the hide« to tanners,
hut they were shy of the novelty, and
lie had (o sell them at a sacrifice to a
bookbinder. The bookbinder made
triangular corner pieces in ledgers and
commercial l>ooksoutof the skins, and
:eriaincd tho good quality of the
It was in ibis way that the
larg* leather factories were first at
tract'd to kangaroo hide. —Nature.
Tlu' Value
Tlio Sound of Eight.
Que of the most wonderful discov
eries in science that have been made is
the fact that a beam of light produces
sound. A beam of sunlight is thrown
through a lens on a glass vessel that
lampblack, colored silk
worsted, or oilier substaules.
having slits or openings cut in it is
made to revolve swiftly in this beam
of light, so as to cut it up, thus mak
ing alternate flashes of light and
On putting tho car to tho
gtass vessel, strange sounds are heard
so long as the flashing beam is falling
on the vessel.—American Art Jour
A disk
Giles—How did you manage to get
your poem accepted by tlio new ed
Tubbs—Told him the old editor had
declined it.—Epoch.
The AI odd Wife.
A model wife is the woman in
whom the heart of her husband
doth safely trust.
She is the woman who looks af
ter his household, and makes hospi
tality a delight to him, and not a
Who has learned that a soft an
swer will turn away wrath.
Who keeps her sweetest smiles
and most loving words for her hus
Who is his confidant in sorrow
or in joy, and who does not feel
the necessity of explaining her pri
vate affairs to the noigliborhoood.
Who respects the rights of hus
band and children, and in return
has due regard paid to her.
Who knows that the strongest
argument is her womanliness, and
so she cultivates it.
Who is sympathetic in joy. or in
grief, and who finds work for her
hands to do.
Who makes friends and keeps
Who is not made hitter by troub
le, hut who strengthens and sweet
ens under it.
Who tries to conceal the faults
of her husband, rather than blazon
them forth to an uninterested pub
The woman whose life-hook has
love written on every page.
Who makes a home for a man—
a home in a house and in a heart.
A home that he is sure of, a hutne
that is full of love presided over by
one whose prieS'is far above rubies.
She is a model wife.—Ladies'
Home Journal.
No 2—St Louis Express
9;27 p »
No 4—Chicago nnd N O Express 3:34 a m
No 8—Local Accommodation
12:39 p m
No 1—St Louis Express
No 3- N O and Chicago Express 10:17 p m
No 7—Local Accommodation
All trains run daily, except No's 7 and 8,
which do not run on Sunday,
New Orleans, La,
12:39 p la
11:58 a in
P A DuiilN, Agent,
Winona Miss
4:40 p m
Fast Mail, passes
No 52
No 4(1—Greenville Ac'm'n leaves 0:10 a in
No53—Past Mail passes
No 41—GrecnvilleAc'm'n arrives 7:35 p m
For tickets and information apply to
Winona, Miss,
10:43 a nt
—Till] CREAT—
Extending from the Potomac to tho Mis
sissippi. f rom Washington. D. n. and
Richmond, Va., to Greenville, Miss,
and Arkansas City, Ark.
Atlanta, Tallapoosa, Anniston, Birmingham,
Columbus. Miss., West Point, Winona,
Ureonwood, Elizabeth and
Forming tho short lino between these
points and
New York, Philadelphia
For maps, lime cards, rates, etc., apply to
any usent of the Georgia Pacific ilailtvay or
connecting roads.
Trallic Manager.
Gen'! Pass. Agent,
Hirmiuaham. Alabama.
The Shortest and Quickest Rout«
And All Points in the Southwest.
New Orleans and Chicago, St. Louis,
Memphis and Kansas City.
Tho Great Steel Brldire spanning the Ohio
River at Cairo, complotod, anil all train*,
freight nnd pnssengor, now running regularly
over it, thus nvoiaing delays and uunoyaneec
incident to transfer by ferry boat.
Fast Time. Sure Connections, Fine Equip
ment, Splendid Eating Houses. All Steel
Track,' Well Ballasted lloudway, are
some of tho advantages offered
passengers by this
Ass't G. P. Agent,
New ürdiîand.
Gen. Pass. Agt.,

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