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New farmer. (Winona, Miss.) 18??-1???, April 23, 1890, Image 6

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COXVENTIOX TALK.
Suggestions of Hro. Ragsdale of Tate
County.
Totho Editor of The New Farmer:
I see a great deal said on the
Constitutional Convention as to
what amendments are wanted.
thing and
Some are wanting one
some another; some were opposed
I
to the calling of a Convention,
was opposed to it if our Constitu
tion could have been amended. I
wanted to save the expense by
amendments is why I was opposed
to it.
As the Convention has been call
ed we must make the best out of it
we can, whether we advocated the
calling of it or not.
Now what are we to do—send
our best men? Yes. Who are our
best men? Lawyers? Not all of
them.
No, sir. Railroadmen? Not by a
long shot. Farmers and mechan
ics? No, sir, not all of them; but
I do think we have as good men
that are farmers as we could get
out of the other classes I have men
tioned, and I am in favor of having
our share of delegates in the Con
vention, if it takes the hair off. I
am in favor of Shands, Oglesby or
Johnson from the State at large,
(all good lawyers and good men);
then I want farmers, or men whose
interests are identified with the
farm to represent us from the coun
If
Professional politicians?
ty
Now, as to what amendments we
want, I can't well say what will
please every one; hut I would like
to have:
1. The right to vote to remain as
it is, except I think a man should
live in the county one year and the
same in the State before he votes,
and his tax receipt the previous
year be his registration papers,
am opposed to Judge J. A. P.
Campbells mode of voting. Why? j
because it gives some men too
much power. Let men vote and
not land. It would not be a gov
ernment for the people and by the
people if land is allowed to vote.
2. I am with Bro. West that the
number of representatives should
not be less than seventy-five, one
from every county; and senators
not more than one-third or one
fourth at most of the number of
representatives.
3. That all officers be elected by
the people, as the appointive power
is centralization and it is not a gov
ernment for the people and by the
people.
4. I am with Bro. West, that
Chancery Courts be abolished and
the same be conferred on Circuit
Judges.
5. The Commissioner of Immi
gration, the offices of Lieutenant
Governor, State and County Super
intendents of Education should be
abolished and their duties perform
ed by less expensive agencies.
0. A Board of Pardons should be
substituted for the pardoning pow
er of the Governor, as Bro. West
has it.
7. No property, individual or cor
porate, should be exempt from [tax
ation ; that all classes and pursuits
shall have the burdens and benefits
alike, and all propery taxed in pro
portion to its value with no exemp
tions.
8. I also think that county as
sessors' and county treasurers' offi
ces could he abolished, and the
sheriff perform the duties pertain
ing to the treasurer's office at half
what is now paid, and the supervi
sor of each district could assess the
taxes for one-half what is now paid
the assessors.
Some are advocating a property
and some an educational qualifica
tion for the privilege to vote. I
don't think it can be done without
conflicting with the Constitution of
the United States, and if it does
not, it will cut down our represen
;
I
;
1
To
a
tation in Congress and our vote in
the electoral vote for President. So
I don't think it will pay us to do
that if we could, and I fear if we
do that our labor will pull out
across the river, and then we would
want that part of the Constitution
amended.
So my advice te all is to go slow;
consider everything well; let it be
discussed in our papers, in our alli
and let us as citizens of the
State get up a Constitution that
e*ery man will be proud of.
So no more for fear of the waste
ances,
basket Yes, a few .words to our
brethren. Brethren, we are get
ting along at old Mt. Vernon tine;
three new members at our last
meeting and three more for our
next meeting. Some of us are buy
ing through the Exchange and we
are well pleased, So 1 think we
ought to patronize our own institu
tions and you will find it will pay.
If you don't take our papers, TnE
New Farmer and the National
Economist, you ought to; they will
keep you posted on the Constitu
tional Convention and the sub
treasury plan, as adopted by the St.
Louis Convention,
sub-treasury plan is the law we
want; it will give more relief to the
farmers than anything else. So
vote for it and don't vote for any
man that is opposed to it.
Keep the ball rolling and we will
get relief.
I think the
j
I
of
Fraternally,
R. T. Ragsdale.
Looxahoma, Tate County, Miss.
A Few Questions.
To tho Editor of The New Farmer:
Permit us as members of the alli
ance and practically connected with
the pursuits of agriculture, to ask a
few questions and make some sug
gestions.
; 1. In selecting delegates to the
I August Constitutional Convention
; should not due regard be had to all
of the diversified vocations, pursuits
and professions?
2. Should we not select from
these several classes, those who are
most fit; who are the wisest and
must familiar with the condition of
of the State, politically, financially,
socially and morally, and who are
most likely to be true and faithful
representatives of those who elect
them, so that the interest of each
and every class and portion of the
State will be so affected by the new
Constitution that the laws will in
future bear equally on all, and
counteract any tendency to oppres
sion and abuse of power and patron
age?
In furtherance of our views and
the general interest of the StateJ
we respectfully suggest for the
State at large, Gen. A. M. W est
and J. IT. Beenian as suitable men
to represent the State in said Con
vention. They would ably repre
sent the agricultural interests of
the State and labor to harmonize
the same with the general good of
all classes and pursuits. They are
men of high character, of large ex
perience and every way trustwor
thy. We trust there will be a fa
vorable response to these sugges
tions throughout the State. What
say you, Brother Hurt.
Alliance Men.
March 31, 1890.
.lasf.er County Alliance.
Resolved, That this body ask
the president of the State Alliance
to call a State convention of the
alliances for the purpose of putting
before the people of the State the
changes advocated by the alli
ance of the State of Mississippi in
framing the new Constitution.
On motion, this resolution was
ordered published in The New
Farmer.
J. W. Massey, Sec.
Acme, Miss., April 9,1890.
Advertise in The New Farmer.
V
Tate County Alliance.
To the Editor of The New Farmer:
I am just home from a regular
meeting of Tate County Alliance, j
held in the pleasant little town of
LooxahomjHjirthe 3rd inst. I can- is
not forbear writing somewhat at
length upon that glorious meeting. a
The sons of honest toil proved be
yond all doubt their capacity to take
care of themselves. I think we are w
fairly entitled to be classed as a j
fighting family • enrolled for life
against the hosts of wrong and op- j
pression. With but few exceptions j a
a very remarkable improvement, |
mentally, is noticeable among the
brethren. The exceptions referred
to are those who do not take alliance
literature. The readers of the Na
tional Economist and The New
Farmer were at home on all the
great questions that are agitating
the public mind of the day. The
old alliance ship in East Tate is now
fully out upon the rough sea, and
with the National Economist as her
rudder and The New b armer for
her sail, properly adjusted to the
heavy gales, will ride the waves,
steer clear of breakers and land
grand and triumphant into port,
freighted with peace, happiness and
goodwill, special privileges to none,
but equal rights to all, and those
who are trying to run this grand
old ship without the aforemention
ed equipment will go down in open
sea or be driven against the rock
bound shore in the fury of the
storm, and they will be upbraided
Before
leaving this subject I wish to call
the attention of my brethren of
East Tate to the fact that after
as foolish adventurers.
more mature thought, after consid
ering the very prosperous condition
of the alliance of the East, compar
ed to that <)fr West Tate, I think we
made a grtfid mistake in not bring
ing the neYt meeting West of the
railroad. The West was not repre
sented on the 3rd and 4th inst. on
account of the inundation of the
streams. Our old ship over here is
hard on a sandbar, and we want you
to let us have the July meeting at
Poplar so we may get your host of
good workers to help us off this bar,
and your legion of orators to electri
fy and get us on just such a boom
Have
as you are now enjoying,
this matter up in your alliances
right away brethren and let me hear
from you. The question at issue is,
shall our convention prove a failure
or a success? Shall we have a gov
ernment for the people or a select
few? This is the issue, this is what
the fight is about. It is money and
the hireling press on one side, and
these same honest tillers of the soil
with their good old hard sense and
the ballot on the other.
Now is the time for farmers to
attend their meetings and fully post
themselves upon the issues of the
day; while now is the time to dis
cuss the best plans for planting and
cultivating our crops, we must not
lose sight of the needed changes in
our Constitution. Take your organ
and keep posted on matters thatwill
be of great interest to you. At our
last county meeting the brethren
agreed to change speakers, we think
a splendid thing to do; an inter
change of ideas is wholesome, profit
able and of inestimable value as an
educator. "Let us reason together."
Send ns Dr. Knight down to Poplar
any first or third Saturday at the
earliest convenience.
A word to those outsiders who are
meddling about the alliance going
into politics. So long as the con
vention question or any other ques
tion is open one man has as much
right as any other to express and ad
vocate his views of men and meas
ures, and now is the time to do it.
Any man who will take offense at
this expression, and the man who
has not made up his mind to do his
level best for liis side and then loy
ally stand in with the decision of I
the majority will have to go back to
^ 0 jj Jeffersonian school a while
j on g er _ Yes, we are going to have
some thing to do with politics. What
is politics but the science of govern
men t i the regulation of our own
a ff a i rs as a g rea t country in which
eac h c iti 7 , en should have an equal
^gpt? It should be a government
w h e j.e the poor white man without a
j 0 n ar i s the peer of the millionaire,
go i ong as we are citizens it is not
j 011 i y our ^g^t but our duty to take
j a part i n the government of our
| Qwn a ff a { r5 .
We are non-partisan, however;
we are too nice to go into party
schemes and political trickery. I
hope the above explanation will
shut your mouths about alliances
going into politics.
Now is the time for every sub
alliance in the State to send their
memorials to Congress asking our
Senators and Representatives to la
bor and vote for the passrge of the
sub-treasury bill, and give them to
understand that their election in
the future will depend upon their
favorable consideration of their me
morial, and it is no idle hope that
with the great labor organizations
united, we can have fruitful results.
We find every other class organized
and securing legislation in their in
terest, with a mutual understanding
to work together as a whole, and
the farmer pays for all. Is it not
unfair that we the last to organize
should be made the special target,
and warned against doing what they
have been doing in the past. These
big "Ikes" wish to legislate for us
as they think best, and with what
they give us we must be contented.
Our noliticians treat us like fools; a
little taffy just before each election
should answer. They would have
us trust to their superior wisdom,
and be satisfied with their prosperi
ty and be quiet under our poverty.
No. brethren, this is just what we
have been doing for the last twenty
odd years. Let us get out of this
"Rip Van Winkle" slumber. We
are tired of being called the "lowest
in the scale politically, financially
and socially." It is true, however,
but it is in proportion as we have
neglected to attend to our own bus
mess.
Before the war the farmer was
first in everything; a farmer Presi
dent was not unusual,
majority in both branches of Con
gress, and in short, we had a major
ity in everything. Our interests
were carefully looked after then, but
how is it now? Thank the Lord it
is beginning to look our way now.
Let us place the blame on ourselves;
we have had the power to stop it
but have failed to do our duty as
men. Now, brethren, in conclusion,
let us remedy all this by regaining
all we have lost by neglect, and let
us attend to our own business in the
coming convention and everywhere
else.
We had a
Bro. West is very near right, I
think. Try it again bro. W. Suc
cess to the alliance in all its parts.
F raternally,
Randolph.
Labor Conference.
The labor conference inaugurated
by Emperor William of Germany
adjourned Nov. 29. Among its
recommendations were the option
al establishment of a court of arbi
tration, consisting of representa
tives of employers and employed to
settle labor disputes and the gener
al observance of Sunday as holiday
in all trades. But when continu
ous work is unavoidable it is recom
mended that each employe have at
least every alternate Sunday free.
Various delegates made minor res
ervations. For instance, the French
delegates did not insist that the day
of rést should be Sunday, but none
of these reservations affect to any
considerable extent the decisions of
the conference.
at
I
1
feujr y
94 «
110
MILEilPÜ
TIIE SHOUT LINE TO
JACKSON. MERIDIAN, MOBILE. BIR
MINGHAM, SELMA, CHATTA
NOOGA . MONTGOMERY,
CINCINNATI AYD
COLUMBUS,
With through Pullman Sleeping Cars
ATLANTA, MACON, SAVANNAH, AUGUSTA,
COLUMBIA, CHARLESTON.
Direct connection nt Chattanooga for
KNOXVILLE, ASHYILLE, Lynch
burg, Charlotte, Wilmington,
Raleigh, Norfolk, Rich
mond, and the Sum
mer Resorts of
VIRGINIA.
The short line via Cincinnati to Chicago,
Cleveland, Buffalo, New York, Boston, Ni
agara Falls and Canada, the Adriondackand
White Mountains, New England Cities anti
all points NORTH and EAST.
All Through Trains pass around the
base of Lookout Mountain, along the shore
of the Emory River, over the Famous High
Bridge and through the Blue Grass Region
of Kentucky to Central Union Depot,
where connection is made for the North
and East without transfer, through the city.
Only Ono Change of Cars to Louisville.
Close Connection at
Vicksburg, Jackson and MERIDIAN
for Memphis, Mobile and
NEW ORLEANS.
Diroct connections at Shreveport without
transfer for Houston, Galveston, Dallas,
Fort Worth, Little Book and points in
TEXAS, ARKANSAS, INDIAN TERRITORY,
COLORADO, KANSAS, MEXICO
AND CALIFORNIA.
Pullman Boudoir Sleeping Cars on nil
Through Trains.
For Ratos, County Maps, Time Cards,
etc., call on or address
F. H. JONES, Trnv. Pass. Ag't,
I. HARDY, A G P A,
Vicksburg, Miss.
Meridian, Miss.
D O EDWARDS,
G F & T A.
C C HARVEY,
Yice-I'rosident,
CINCINNATI. O
IMPROVED TRAIM SERVICE
BETWEEN
Memphis and the Southeast
The Palace Car Liuo of the South—the
Kansas City, Memphis A Birmingham R. R.
—now has two through passenger trains
daily between Memphis and Birmingham,
making close connections with the trains of
all connecting lines. Night trains have
through sleeping cars between Atlanta and
Memphis (in connection with the Ga. Pac.
R. R.),the shortest route, quickest time and
the only line running through cars between
those cities. Day trains have Palace Reclin
ing Chair Cars (seals free to holders of first
class through tickets) through between Bir
mingham and Kansas City. This is many
miles the shortest and by far the best equip
ped Passenger Line between points in the
East and Southeast and Memphis, and all
points in Arkansas, Texas and the West and
Northwest. Everything new and first-class.
Through tickets via this line on sale at nil
through (icketoffices.
For any desired information, for large
map and time table folder, address
J. E. LOCKWOOD,
G. P. and T. Agent,
Kansas City
H. D, ELLIS.
General Agent,
339 Main St.. Memphis.
HALF RATE TO ST. PAUL.
For the National Educational Association
at St. Paul, Minn., July 4th to 11th, 1890.
The Queen and Crescent Route will sell
excursion tickets to St. Paul and return on
June 30th and July 1st, 2nd, 3rd 4th and
5th at one fare for tho round trip, with two
dollars added for membership fee. Tick
ets will be good for returning until October
1st, 1890.
WEST HOUSE,
I
EAST SIDE RAILROAD
Newly refitted and refurnished. Clean
bods, splendid faro and polite attention.
Charges moderate.
JOHH HILL, Proprietor.
'd
Bill
1 f
/
GETS
The Jew Farmer
FOR ONE YEAR, AND A
CHANCE IN THE CRAND CIFT
DISTRIBUTION.

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