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Wliat tlie wordTarlffMeans.
Question—SVhat is the meaning of the word tariff? Answer—It is so called because hundreds of years ago, sea pirates at Tariffa, Spain, forced every passing vessel to pay for the privilege of going into and from the Medi terranean sea. Q- What is the meaning now? A —A certain sum forced from the people by land pirates. *■> Q—Why don't you Bay taken by force? A—Because congress says to the people, " Stand and deliver. " Q—Stand and deliver to whom? A —To the manufacturers, etc. Q—In what part of the constitution does congress find power to pass such a law com pelling the poor to support the rich? A—In no part. Q—Then where did it find the power? A—In' the Bible. Q—Give the book, chapter nnd verse. A— Matthew, thirteenth chapter, and twelfth verse: "For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, nnd ho shall have more in abundance; but whosoever hath not from him shall be taken away even what he hath." Q—Is such a law republican in tbe sense of democratic—a government in which the people rule? A—No, it is aristocratic. Q—What do you mean by aristocratic? A—A government wherein the few rulo the many; where the many work to support the privileged few. Q—Explain how the tariff laws establish an aristocracy in a democratic government. A—Congress says to the poor, "Because this or that man is rich, and produces iron, or cotton goods, or wooled goods, you shall pay him so much money for so many pounds or yards, or else go naked and work without tools. Q—What reason does congress give for such atyranical law? A—Congress says the lawisa"differentia tion of industrial functions," which moane that industry is tbo function of the poor, and the difference goes to the rich. Q—Is that the only reason congress gives? A—No, it says the tariff is intended to fos ter infant industry at home. Q—Are the iron, cotton and wool indus tries infants? A—No, they are a hundred years old. Q— What dato has congress fixed for those industries to become of age? A—When Gabriel blows bis born. One congressman did move to make tbe time la ter, but when reminded that asbestos was not protected bo said he would withdraw bis motion ''as it would do no good afÇr Gabe blew." he said, and sat down. Q—What is the meaning of a protective tariff? A—Protection of the rich from getting poor, and tlio poor from getting rich. Q—What is tlie difference between ten ants in Ireland and the farmers in Aineri Soldiers In was lies tation who of tend place scribed to joy have ing paid in after per, the and the and beds to tion. for to it ca? A— None. In both cases the tax gatherer lives in the oast, and tho sheriff is after both. Q—Is there any other similarity in tho condition of many of the Irish tenants and American farmers? A—Yes, the tenants are too poor to stay, and tho farmers loo poor to leave. Q—Is that tbe only benefit the protective tariff confers upon tho poor? !o. It improves their morals: keeps them contented; keeps down useless desires. Q—How doss protection produce such happy results? A—The poor have to work so hard to sup port tho rich, they have no time for mis chief. Having no money to leave homo or travel, they see nothing and their desires are kept dormant. That brings content. Q—What is the difference between faro and the stock exchange? A—In tho first you lose your money on the turn of the cards; in the second on the turn of the market. Q—Who does the turning? A—In one the dealer or banker; in tho other, tho exelinuge. Q—If either is fairer to tho man who bets, state which, and why? A—Faro is much fairer and safer, because the exchange has a "split" on every bettor. Q—IIow can that be? A—It first splits his money into our "mar gins," nud remainder or what he has left. It takes tho margins first, and then the re mainder Q—Then the exchange, first and last, takes all, does it? A —No. It leaves the bettor his experi A Guces, Q—What is the differailce between a "put" and a "call" in poker, and a "put" and a "call" in an exchange? A—In poker you put tip your "ante," and they "call" your hand. In the exchange you put up your margins, aud then they call for more 'till they get all, and then close you out. Q—Of what benofit to society is a stock exchange? A—It is immense! It is tho handmaid to religion. Q—Explain how that is? A—Charity is the greatest of all Christian virtues. An exchange expands that virtue daily, by creating the necessity for moro almshouses aud poorhouses for pauper wid ows and orphans tho oxehange makes; and more lunatic asylums for insane fathers and husbands. One exchange can beat a hun dred faro banks enlarging charity. THEY WERE TOO SOFT. la was bis ten nature's Soldiers Jumped Their Hotel because They Couldn't Sleep on Feathers. In April, 18G4, a Nevv York regiment was in Covington, Ky. Cincinnati lies just across the river, and the temp tation to visit it was too strong for men who had been for years enduring the privations of army life. A little party of them determined to go over and at tend a place of amusement. What took place after the performance is thus de scribed by one of the participants: We thought it would be a rare treat to put up at a hotel for the night, en joy a sound sleep on a soft bed, and have a good breakfast before return ing to camp in the morning. To this end we repaired to the hotel, paid a dollar and a half each for our double bedded in the party—and then went to the theatre. We enjoyed the performance, and, after partaking of a good oyster sup per, returned to the hotel aud retired, anticipating a good night's sleep on the feather beds. After criticising what we had seen, and eating over again in imagination the excellent supper we had enjoyed, and contrasting our nice, comfortable beds with the places we had been obliged to sleep in during our late campaign, we turned over and tried to sleep. All was quiet for perhaps half an Then I noticed my bedfellow becoming very restless, apparently trying to get into a comfortable posi tion. It the nature weaker many mode ally the the tation he birds have about while above the the mals vail, the will the by the The is it in of a room—there were four hour. "Come, John!" 1 exclaimed, "why don't you lie still and go to sleep?" "Why don't you go to sleep your self?" was the response. Then we heard similar questions and exclamations from tlie other bed, and soon au I' companions were heard tum bling out and lying down on the floor, declaring that they "couldn't sleep on that bed; it's too soft." We chaffed each other a good deal about our adventure, but decided rather than pay for lieds in tbe hotel and then of our own accord lie on the floor, we had better go back to the bar racks and lie in our bunks. "Yes," said one, "but we have paid for our breakfast, too; we don't want to lose that." "Never mind," rejoined another, "let's go back." So we got up, dressed and sneaked downstairs, as though we had been trying to "jump" our board bill. The night clerk sat dozing in his chair. We felt too sheepish to ac knowledge tbe truth to him, and sim ply inquiring at wliat hour breakfast would be ready, wc started for the ferry and managed to catch the last boat to Covington. In less than live minutes after stretching ourselves in our bunks, we were sound asleep. We did not think it worth while to go back to tlio hotel for our breakfast. Fifteen years afterward I met my bedfellow of that night, at tbo break fast table of a hotel, but neither of us complained of having been unable to enjoy the soft beds. Our Cincinnati adventure was recalled, and wcsmiled together over the days of long ago. Exchange. tho and stay, such sup mis or faro on the tho bets, "mar left. re last, experi An Experience with llurglars. Ed Pieser, the florist, has a friend who resides up on the south side, and this friend had a peculiar experience not long ago. Ho went home one evening and his wife began to tell him thrilling stories of a burglary that liad been committed in tlio adjoining house the night before. She expressed fear that their house might ho raided, too. Her husband laughed at her fears and when he started upstairs ho said to her: "Now, my dear, to show you how foolish you are I will take oil' all of my jewelry and leave it here on the * table;" whereupon he dining room did so, leaving his watch, cull but tons, ring aud stud in the center of the cloth. Before he retired he pulled from a trunk a big 41 caliber revolver, loaded it carefully, and placed it by the bedside, within easy reach. When he awoke the next morning ho hap pened to think ol the gun and he looked for it. It was gone! Hastily jumping from bed ho hurried down stairs to the dining room, only to find tlie side window opened and that all of his jewelry had disappeared. He hated to go back upstairs and tell liis wife, but he had to, finally, and she would "have laughed at him liad it not been for the loss. "The idea of their stealing my gun is what beats me, said, as he told the story.—Chicago Herald. he The Cold Ail- Cut-«. Oil returning from a crowded lec ture hall, a stifling sickroom, a stuffy omnibus, etc., I remove my bed to riio draft side of the house, and open a window the full extent of its mechan ism, taking care to go to sleep facing the draft. 1 have often been awakened in the morning with my head grizzled with hoar frost, but without the slightest vestige of tbe catarrh which had announced its approach the niffiit before. Cold is an antiseptic and a powerful digestive stimulant. The hospitals of the future will be ice houses. Dyspepsia, catarrhs and le vers of all kinds can be frozen out of the system, not by letting the patient shiver in the snow bank, but by giv ing extra allowance of warm bed clothing wit'* the additional luxury of breathing ice cold air, which, uncor such circumstances, becomes as prefer able to hot miasma as cold spring water to warm ditch water, lleiald o. Health. "put" and a and you for you stock to Christian virtue moro wid and and hun CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMAL LIFE. Duck nature's Curious Provisions for Protecting Defenseless Animals. J. It i; perfectly wonderful to notice the phenomenal provisions made by nature for the preservation of the weaker and more nelpless animals. In many cases the color of the creature is adapted in a wonderful way to its mode of living and its place of con cealment, contributing very materi ally to its safety. All who live among the green fields, which, by tbe way, is the way to live properly, know how difficult it is to distinguish the grass hopper from the leaf or blado of vege tation upon which he is at rest, until he betrays himself by moving. Those birds which sing in the hedgerow have feathers upon their backs which harmonize with the color of the leaves about and among which they flit, while the feathers on their breasts borrow tlio white hue from tlie clouds above them. . . The partridge can hardly be distin guished from the stubble where it makes its nest, while in the more northern countries the winter dress of the hare and ptarmigan is white, like the snow with which the landscape is usually covered, and upon which these animals are scon. Among marine ani mals the same natural provisions pre vail, and go down, however deep, into the water, animal life the snmo color will be found. The frogs, living in the stagnant pools and muddy ditches by the roadside, are known to vary their color in order to harmonize with the sand or mud in which they live. The little tree frog, on the other hand, is green, and thus is with difficulty distinguished from the tree to which it adheres. Fish, especially those which inhabit fresh water, are so like in color to the weeds and stones among which they lie that it is often very difficult to'detect their presence. One of the most wonderful instances of nature's care in providing for the protection of the more defenseless creatures is found in the apparatus for defense with which the cuttlefish, is provided. The very instant its quick eye catches a glimpse of an approach ing enemy, knowing by instinct alone —it is absurd to speak of reason in con nection with these low forms of animal life—the impossibility of seeking safety by flight, and having no means of de fense whatever, it prepares at once to seek safety in concealment. To this end it sink's downward rapidly, throw ing out from a vessel with which it is provided, and nature taught it to use, a stream of fluid with which the black est paint is light in comparison. This soon colors the water far around, and effectually conceals the animal and at the same time is very} repulsive to all forms of animal lifclfceding upon it; and. as it takes con Jlderablo time for this to disperse and tlie water to clear itself, the enemy is generally baffied. If, however, as is sometimes the case, a reasoning animal—man—is in pur suit, and the cuttlefish is still in dan ger, it pours out another and larger flood of ink, and remains perfectly quiet until the danger is past, when it. moves oil' in a circle, making a larger and lamer turn till outside tlio black water its hikhas made.—Chicago Lod is in his ac the we my us to ger. A II. ili'mxl <au!sr_M-,ry. ^ Between Pafrnèr and Farris, on the Houston and Tejcas road, there is a singular hill in tlie prairie black lands. It is covered with oak and pecan as tall Kentucky trees. The locality, though a hill, is always wet. ground is muddy, and the air murky. Tho station sign proclaims the name; the siding is called Ghost Hill. The reason of the name is this: At night, while passing this point, time and again has tho whistle called for brakes and the bell rung for imaginary ^ The train men, after set Lho brakes, would he terrified to learn that the engineer had not given the signals. More than one crew lias incontinently abandoned the service of tho company after such experience, not caring to ride over Ghost Hill with tho spirit of a fireman killed there many years ago tugging away at hell and whistle.—Texas Cor. St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Jews Anions tlio Caucasian Teaks. There are eight peaks loftier than Mont Blanc, and fifteen above 15,000 feet. Tho four highest are Elbruz, Koshtantau, Shkara and Dyclitau. It was in the attempt to ascend tho last named mountain that the British plorers evidently lost their lives. Fresh field and the searching BÄJ passed through inert intorrctjfl gi«>n>\ They c: vp' u siuaj®. monts of moi: ulain ..eus, . have been >» i ;.rai< d !r"iu at a very early dale, and of Persian influoi.e TIM ],-V . in- Ko wlvrijM tiù11. ■ that :i si eiwtill m and one tell that fears said you all the he as The crossings Liil! but the by hap he find all He liis she not their he V lec stuffy riio a facing the which niffiit a The ice le out of patient giv bed of uncor prefer spring o. Women 11 "A woman withJ gold leaf and Jjfl paint and a -v; I >\v aid d,',', day, - ' said "than a squad week. WomeiwB aptitude for this S decorate all sorts« which a prolessi® think of touching® of it is that the arl decoration usualll effect. Most of itl sort, hut it is eff -w. T. MORGAN, Misslssippi. Duck Hill, -AGENT FOE J. E. WILLIAMSON & C0„ for is de to this is a and at all it; for pur dan it. Lod Manufacturers and Dealer* in GRANITE - and - MARBLE UBS mi SUTESIOBtS, KENTUCKY. PADUCAH. This houso was established in 1858, and is one of tho' oldest and most beliabijs Mabble Houses in the South. Our prices are as low as the lowest, and satisfaction is guaranteed. The trade of the alliance is solicited. Anyone desiring to purchase anything in this line will jilease address W. T. MORGAN, Agent, Duck Hill, Miss. Hicks Bnos,Local Agts.Bellfonlaine.Miss R. W. J. Morrow & Co -Dealers In- * Dry Goods NOTIONS Boots, Shoes, Hat and Caps, Clothing, groceries And General Plantation Supplies Winona, Miss. Will offer special inducements to all in need of goods in their line. Will pay the highest market PRICE FOR COTTON Come to see us at once we will make it to your interest. SOUTHERN -Î- APPLES, loo varieties. A fine supply, especially fall and winter kinds, well grown trees. PEACHES—Fifty kinds, including lat est varieties. PEARS—A full selection, inelnding Le Conte, Kieffer, etc. PLUMS—In variety, including Wild Goose. Marianna, Kelsey's, Japan, etc. Also Apricots, Nectarines, Figs, Quinces, Grapes, Strawberries, Raspberries, Black berries. Fine Roses and Flowering Plants. ««■Orders from reliable parties booked now for fall delivery. Apply to IF. 11. CASSELL, Canton, Miss. Oct 2 tfl cV'diT WHERE »Tdke,. 1 v.U S Combined GOT TOK SEE D Hill I FR CORN**-, en# E Wfwv*» ; IWMM the a tall The and set to given lias Hill killed at Louis than 15,000 It I Hwaw ?^ JXS ''\13Cll Co f"5 e ? J ^P^iorc. ». AF! 1'vWOiv The » A, »■ ami 5^ U Sizrs and St », Horse Powers . Corn Slid lev, EÜ5», Feeil t'utlers SI Hood Saws thou: IN VSB Sent on lO Days Trial. rJftH M anti Price List, All goods wnrmnted. !0 Go.Canal St. CHICACO. ILt- JIPPliTOK fiSFC CO. TO CONSUMEES, The followini CITElh are for s; Attention Farmers ! -0 FENCE WIRE, FLOUR, MEAL MEAT. WHEAT BRAN. PLOWS AN CULTIVATORS for sale at the Farmers' Alliance Warehouse CANTON MISS. • Manages R. H. HOFFMAN. 'ZL-/S<tL •J Bookkeeping. Penmanship and Teleg raphy. Scholarship 840, Board $3 per week. Average time for graduation three months. - -— Fnujjf e%UK WINONA, MISS. Rev. J. T. Zealy, President. A full corps of teachers in literature, mu sic, art and the languages. This institution, under the Presidency of Dr. Zealy, has just closed a session of unusual prosperity. Tho boarding department has been filled !o itB utmost capacity. Tho outlook for the fu ture is very encouraging. All persons intend ing to patronize the College tlie coming session, are requested to make application at an early dav. Session begins Sept 2nd, 18 8 9. Terms. Board per month $10. Intermediate Classes $2.50. permoutli. Junior per month $3. Senior $4 per month. Primary Classes $1.50 per month, Latin, Green or French $2 per month. Tbe scholastic year is divided into quarters of ton weeks. Payment for Board is required quarterly in advnnce. unless spe cial contracts to the contrary nro made. Tui tion must be paid at the end of ench school month of four weeks. No deductions are to be made for loss of time, except in cases of protracted illness, aud then for no amount less than two weeks. Boarders are required to furnish towels, pillow slips, sheets and such heavy eovering as may be needed. Address to will REV. J T. ZEALY. D. D., WinonA Ffmat.e Coiæegr, Winona, Miss. winter lat Le Wild ATTENTION BRETHREN, Wclboru's Pet Cotton stands pre-emipällt for enrliness; will beat boll or webworms. August drouth or October frost if planted early, and very prolific on rich lnud, proper ly cultivated, will make cue-third more than any long-limbed kind. The lint has no su perior in upland varieties. 1300 to 1400 pounds dry seed cotton will make a five hun dred pounds lint. The New Fabmer ont. year free to the first order for one peck or more seed accompanied by ensh. Price per bushel $3.00; one peck $1; at express or freight depot; by mail. 30 cents per pound prepaid. Address, E. J. Johnson. IA12 90. FR Tillatobia, Miss. I ; NOTICE! ?^ ' Agents of ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAIL JXS i ROAD in MISSISSIPPI will sell round e ? J ! trip tickets to Aberdeen at rate of one fare, ' April 12th to 23rd, good to return until April 1 2,tth, 1880, to enable the publio to attend ». I lectures of REV. SAM JONES, Evangelist. Spec a! trains from Durant on Sundays, April ! 3 and 20. lars. J. W. COLEMAN, A. G. P. A. », lev, Saws Ask Agent for particu A. H. HANSON, G. P. A. j St. ILt- WOS 'SB3U1UJI OO'CIS -tons JO oaiJj