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CONSTITUTIONAI„ < ON VKNTION.
Timely Suggestions by 11 rotlier .1. II. Sim pson. To the Editor of The New Farmer: The conditions that produce thousands of millionaires among ' the favored few amT millions of farmers are what the alliance is expected to study and combat. It is now pretty generally conceded that this great disparity has its origin in class legislation; much of it by the general govern ment, but some by the State. The Constitutional Convention will afford a great, as well as a very convenient, opportunity for correct ing this great evil, so far us the State is concerned. But we have not time to fritter away, fawning upon the necks of others; and we should not be deter red by any fear of offending the po lical bosses. They do not deserve our sympathy, aud if they did, we need not fear but they will be fully represented in the Convention. The enlv well grounded fear is that they will be in the ascendency, in spite of our best efforts to prevent it. I do not favor a war upon any class of our fellow citizens. I op pose cutting off any man's politiical head simply because he is not a far mer But it is cowardly, debasing and slavish for a farmer to support for office a man who favors a policy antagonistic to the farmers' inter est. It shows a servile spirit for farmers to allow one syllable to re main upon the statutes of the State that discriminates against them. One thing is absolutely certain, if the demands of the farmers are to be incorporated in the new Con stitution, it will not be done by those who oppose these demands. If we would have a more economic al government, through a reduction of official salaries aud the number of offices, then we should not vote for an office-holding, office-seeking politician. Right in the face of the demands of the taxpayer, along this line, the Auditor recommends a State Board of Equalizers to over see the tax assessors, who have but lately been vested with power that trenches upon a time-honored liber ty of the people. By an act of the last Legislature, we have in Desoto county, a road master, at a salary of $500 per annum, whose duties are to oversee the overseers of roads. This tendency to multiply, instead of reduce, the number of officials, and to remove the governing power further from the people, can be checked only by leaving the politi cian out of all law-making assem blies. To make every possible re duction in the number, salaries and , powers of officials, and then restrict all, or most of them, to one term in office, would do much toward de stroying the disgraceful scramble for office, and, at the same time, he of vast benefit financially, socially and morally to the tax-paying far mer. So, when we vote for dele gates to the Convention, we should remember that the class who enjoy the benefits of the present gime, are unalterably opposed to ahange, and will not represent us. Again, corporations are opposed co surrendering any of the special privileges they have long enjoyed. An official, a large stockholder, or aoeporation attorney will not repre . sent us. In short, we should vote for no man who does not favor the most rigid economy compatible with effi v nient government, and who is not a 'strict constructionist" of the g*od old Democratic doctrine and alli ance watchword—"eqflal rights to •JL" paupers among ; ! a re a a We need Hot fear a scarcity of lawyers in the Convention. They will be there. Some of them are needed and ought to be there; but snrely there is a sufficient number lawyers in the State, who possess patriotism and sound democratic principle, to supply the Convention with all the legal talent that will be needed. We have one in Desoto who has distinguished himself at the bar and on the bench; and yet, the Hon. Sam Powell has all along, through a long life, allied himself with agriculture and agricultural ists, and has always oppçsed extrav agance, ringism and class legisla tion of every character. Where we have such a man, I think both duty and interest prompt us to send him to the Convention. We can thus prove that we are not voting for men or class, but for principle. That we are not pursuing a pro scriptive policy, but are exercising our inalienable right to vote for representatives who will represent us. A few such lawyers, and good, solid farmers like J. W. Odern, president of Desoto County F. A., will give us a good, clean Constitu tion. , But, brethren, the bosses are go ing to run the political machinery for all it is worth, to keep such men out ®f the Convdhtion ; and I very much fear that in too many instances they will succeed. Lately, I heard a politician say, (and by the way, a member of the alliance), that the provision for fourteen delegates from the State at large was designed to get some of the big brained men men in the Convention; and in this connection he favored us with a list of names, all of whom he characterized as men of eminent legal ability. Well, now then, it seems to me that when a man becomes so emi nent that he cannot afford to rep resent the county in which he lives, in this trying hour, he is just a lit tle too eminent for anything. But his county might not elect him. ; Ah ! that's the point. The people who know him best might not vote ! for him. But a mass convention in the counties, which 75 per cent, of the farmers will not attend, and in which 95 per cent, of those who do will not open their mouths, but pass as mere figure heads, can be maii'pulated by deft politicians, and delegates elected to the State Convention who will put in the so called big brains. It is too late to call a new deal. But we can be at the husking, when the primaries come off; and what ever form, mass meeting, delegate convention or otherwise, we can beat the bosses at their own game and win the prize of 14 delegates, by going prepared to defeat any cut and dried trick. But the slice of 14 delegates is not all the bosses design cutting off for themselves. They will capture every county delegation that they can. The aforesaid politicien was also kind enough to inform us that "a suffrage clause to perpetuate white supremacy was the all impor tant question; indeed, about all there was in it"—the Convention. Now, this is the same old card played with such marked success by the politicians for so long, and they now expect to trump all the farmers propose with it. They ex pect to stand up and say "nigger," and to see the people frightened and confused until they will forget everything else. We all understand the impor tance of white supremacy,. but the whites do rule and will rule Mississ ippi. The question is settled just that far already. Now then, as to a constitutional provision that will make us less trouble than we have had, we are anxious for that too. The only issue on that point, that can come into the Democratic pri maries, is as to the precise measure. What is the measure that will meet the desired end without difranchis ing many good white voters, or cre ating a disparity of one to fiye of ic we er der are 14 the among white voters, as the Camp bell plan does, and may be, disrupt the Democratic party. The Farmers' Alliance and In dustrial Union is doing more to solve the negro problem than any other agency can. J. J. Ingalls may be said to stand at the head of the other side of the race issue. For 18 years he has been elected to the U. S. Senate, because, when he could hear of a negro affray down South, or have one manu facto led to order, he screamed, "Southern outrage!" Now, what is it that caused the State Alliance of Kansas, composed probably of a majority of Republi cans, to say to the old cuss : "Sir, you have never done anything for the farmers, and we are for you no longer?" Why, they met repre sentative Southern farmers in the National Alliauce, and learned that we did not eat negroes down South, until they are well fatted, at least; and they have also been taught by the alliance, that they were far more deeply concerned in the farm mortgages that cover Kansas, than in questions affecting the local gov ernments down South. Iowa, Ohio and other States, are loosing their zeal for the bloody shirt, because the alliance is teaching them to think of something else. We favor white supremacy at any cost; a constitutional provision if practicable. Let us by all means elect men sound on this question, but at the same time sound on all the questions that affect our people. We need not be led off by a one idead man. We can at the same time say, down with négro rule, down with corporation rule, down with ring rule; down with the ex cessive power, high salaries and long terms of officials; down with extravagant appropriations and long sessions of the Legislature; $70,000 is too much to pay men to sit for months, when 95 per cent, of the bills they pass are of local ap plication. Towns could be granted charters, under a general law, by the Board of Supervisors of the county in which ^rfby are located. The same Board or the Circuit Court could act with far more dis cretien in removing the, disabilities of a minor. We can think of all these things and many more, brother farmers, when we go to the primaries, and keep an eye on the negro too. Then let's have no one-idead man to rep resent us. But unless we work, and watch, as well as pray, we will be like the poor boy at the frolic when the Convention meets. By no means, let the alliance nominate any candidates. Wo can ask men to become candidates, sub ject to the action of the Democrat ic primaries. Then, as we are the most democratic people in the State, we can give our support to men representing our views, just as oth er men do. in go To nominate candi dates independent of the party would be a just grounds for com plaint against the alliance. But to demand our rights in the party, un der a majority tule, is a position that ringsters cannot assail, nor can they possibly defeat us, if we are on hand to enforce our just de mands. To by we let us are Fraternally, J. H. Simpson. Watson, Miss. The Convention which framed Mississippi's first Constitution con sisted of 47 members representing 14 counties and remained in session from July 7, 1817, to August 15, 1817. The Convention was held in the town of Washington in Adams county, which was at that time the capital of the Territory. The fol lowing is the list of the counties then composing the Territory : Ad ams, Amite, Claiborne, Franklin, Green, Hancock, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Marion, Pike, Warren, Wayne and Wilkinson.—Ex. Tlie Cyclone » ill Come. The .New York Herald is of the opinion that unless the Alliance "blows over" "the candidates this fall are going to do some curious pledging." Well, there's no lack of wind at the head of the Georgia Alliance. The candidates need not be in a sweat about making pledges. —Brunswick Times. The Times is right—there is wind not only at the head of the Alliance but all along the line. No, candi dates need not be in a sweat but they had better be preparing to pledge themselves to the Alliance policy, which the executive commit tee has placed before them, and which is at the head^of the columns, or they will think that the breeze that strikes them this fall is a cy clone. The hurricane is certainly coming.—Southern Alliance Farm er. You are all right, gentlemen. There will be some curious pledging done. The breeze is pretty strong, too. The candidates need not be in a sweat. Better take time to think a little before you begin to pledge. It might not be wise if you begin t® pledge too early you might pledge too often. If you have been in the State or National legislative halls, try to decide whether or not you have ever carried out your former pledges. If you have been there very long, it would be a good idea for you to come around and see the farmers and find out what they want in the way of legislation/ With some of you we are sure that your time has been taken up with other matters to such an extent that you have had no time to look after the welfare of the farmers. Hence, we say, if you have been in the legisla tive business for a long time and have not had time to find out what the farmers need, be sdre and come around and shake hands and see if you can serve us in any way.—Pro gressive Farmer. Carroll County Alliance. The County Alliance of Carroll county met on the 22nd and 23rd of , April. The alliance (was opened in due form by R. C. Brice, Vice President. W. II. Farmer, E. M. Hemphill and A. J. Holman, Com mittee on Credentials, reported six teen alliances represented. After disposing of the reports of special and standing committies, the sub treasury plan was taken up and af ter able discussion by C. J. Coleman, W. II. Farmer, H. J. Shaw, W. F. Mabray, L. S. Hempnill and J. C. Lott, the bill as introduced by Mr. Pickier of South Dtkota, was unau- '■ imously indorsed and our Senators and Congressmen urged to use all honorable means to secure die pas sage of said bill. The meeting was harmonious,and II. at nth ets in short, was the best meeting ever held in Carroll county. May the good work continue to Richard C. Price, Vice-President. N. C. West, Jr., Secretary. go on. Attest, To the Editor of The New 1* armer: You are respectfully invited to attend an alliance picnic tobe given by Beach Point Alliance at Arka butla, Tate county Mississippi, on Saturday, May 24th. Bro. Coleman's presence is also requested. Please inform him as we do not know his address. Plea. 1 e let us hear from you and Bro. Cole man. We shall expect an address from each of you. If you cannot come send some one that will wake us up for day is dawning, the birds are singing and we should be work ing earnestly for our great cause. T. C. Fuller. In Germany 41 per cent, of the total population is engaged in agri culture. The poor is our dependence for liberty.—J efferson. I feiarfct 94 ÜS IIO MILES PJ/AILE5 iMf 1 mS| NEW ORLEANS*^ ng THE SHOUT USE TO JACKSON. MEKIDIAN, MOBILE, BIR MINGHAM, SELMA. CHATTA NOOGA, MONTGOMERY, CINCINNATI AVI) COLUMBUS, Wttli through Pullman Sleeping Cars ATLANTA, MACON, SAVANNAH. AUGUSTA, COLUMBIA, CHARLESTON. Direct connection at Chattanooga for KNOXVILLE, ASHVILLE, Lynch burg, Charlotte, Wilmington, Raleigh, Norfolk, Rich mond, and the Sum mer Resorts of VIRGINIA. The short line via Cincinnati to Chicago, Cleveland, Buffalo, New York, Boston, Ni agara Falls and Canada, the Adriondnck and White Mountains, New England Cities and all points NORTH and EAST. WAll Through Trains pass around the base of Lookout Mountain, along the shore of the Emory River, over the Famous High Bridge and through the Blue Grass Region of Kentucky to Central Union Depot, where connection is made for the North and East without transfer, through the city. Only One Change of Cars to Louisville. Close Connection at Vicksburg, Jackson and MERIDIAN for Memphis, Mobile and NEW ORLEANS. Direct conned ions at Shreveport without transfer for Houston, Galveston, Dallas. Fort Worth, Little Rock and points in TEXAS, ARKANSAS, INDIAN TERRITORY, COLORADO, KANSAS, MEXICO AND CALIFORNIA. Pullman Boudoir Sleeping Cars on all Through Trains. For Rates, County Maps, Time Cards, etc., call on or address F. H. JONES, Trav. Pass. Ag't, I. HARDY, A G P A, Meridian, Miss. Vicksburg, Miss. C C HARVEY, Vice-President D G EDWARDS, G P & TA. CINCINNATI, O IMPROVED TRAIN SERVICE BETWEEN Memphis and tie Southeast The Palace Car Liue of the South—the Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham R. R. —now has two through passenger trains daily between Memphis and Birmingham, making close connections with the trains of all connecting lines. Night trains have through sleeping cars between Atlanta and Memphis (in connection with the Ga. Pac. R. R.), the shortest route, quickest time and the only line running through'cars Between those cities. Day trains have Palace Reclin ing Chair Cars (seats free to holders of first class through tickets) through between Bir mingham and Kansas City. This is many miles the shortest and by far the best equip ped Psssenger Line between points in the East and Southeast and Memphis, aud all points in Arkansas, Texas and the West and Northwest. Everything new and first-class. Through tickets via this line on sale at all ' through ticket cilices. For any desired information, for large map and time table folder, address J. E. LOCKWOOD, G. P. aud T. Agent, Kansas City '■ II. D, ELLIS, General Agent 38D Main St.. Memphis. HALF RATE TO ST. PAUL. For ibo National Educational Association at St. Paul, Minn., July lth to 11th, 1S90. The Queen and Crescent Route will sell excursion tickets to Kt. Paul and return on June Doth aud July 1st, 2nd, 3rd 4th and nth at one faro for the round trip, with two dollars added for membership fee. Tick ets will be good for returning until October 1st, 1891), if you want a FamUy Vehicle Buggy or Road Cart, one, ten or carload at cheaper prices than ever known, write at once to W.S.Bruce A Co .Mem phis, Tenn., and get prices and large catalogue FREE. 4 WEST HOUSE, EAST BIDE RAILROAD Newly refitted and refurnished. Clean beds, splendid fare and polite attention. Charges moderate. JOHH HILL, Proprietor,