CONSTITUTIONAI„ < ON VKNTION.
Timely Suggestions by 11 rotlier .1. II.
To the Editor of The New Farmer:
The conditions that produce
thousands of millionaires among
' the favored few amT millions of
farmers are what
the alliance is expected to study and
combat. It is now pretty generally
conceded that this great disparity
has its origin in class legislation;
much of it by the general govern
ment, but some by the State.
The Constitutional Convention
will afford a great, as well as a very
convenient, opportunity for correct
ing this great evil, so far us the
State is concerned.
But we have not time to fritter
away, fawning upon the necks of
others; and we should not be deter
red by any fear of offending the po
lical bosses. They do not deserve
our sympathy, aud if they did, we
need not fear but they will be fully
represented in the Convention. The
enlv well grounded fear is that they
will be in the ascendency, in spite
of our best efforts to prevent it.
I do not favor a war upon any
class of our fellow citizens. I op
pose cutting off any man's politiical
head simply because he is not a far
mer But it is cowardly, debasing
and slavish for a farmer to support
for office a man who favors a policy
antagonistic to the farmers' inter
est. It shows a servile spirit for
farmers to allow one syllable to re
main upon the statutes of the State
that discriminates against them.
One thing is absolutely certain,
if the demands of the farmers are
to be incorporated in the new Con
stitution, it will not be done by
those who oppose these demands.
If we would have a more economic
al government, through a reduction
of official salaries aud the number
of offices, then we should not vote
for an office-holding, office-seeking
politician. Right in the face of
the demands of the taxpayer, along
this line, the Auditor recommends
a State Board of Equalizers to over
see the tax assessors, who have but
lately been vested with power that
trenches upon a time-honored liber
ty of the people. By an act of the
last Legislature, we have in Desoto
county, a road master, at a salary of
$500 per annum, whose duties are
to oversee the overseers of roads.
This tendency to multiply, instead
of reduce, the number of officials,
and to remove the governing power
further from the people, can be
checked only by leaving the politi
cian out of all law-making assem
blies. To make every possible re
duction in the number, salaries and ,
powers of officials, and then restrict
all, or most of them, to one term in
office, would do much toward de
stroying the disgraceful scramble
for office, and, at the same time, he
of vast benefit financially, socially
and morally to the tax-paying far
mer. So, when we vote for dele
gates to the Convention, we should
remember that the class who
enjoy the benefits of the present
gime, are unalterably opposed to
ahange, and will not represent us.
Again, corporations are opposed
co surrendering any of the special
privileges they have long enjoyed.
An official, a large stockholder, or
aoeporation attorney will not repre
. sent us.
In short, we should vote for no
man who does not favor the most
rigid economy compatible with effi
v nient government, and who is not a
'strict constructionist" of the g*od
old Democratic doctrine and alli
ance watchword—"eqflal rights to
We need Hot fear a scarcity of
lawyers in the Convention. They
will be there. Some of them are
needed and ought to be there; but
snrely there is a sufficient number
lawyers in the State, who possess
patriotism and sound democratic
principle, to supply the Convention
with all the legal talent that will
be needed. We have one in Desoto
who has distinguished himself at
the bar and on the bench; and yet,
the Hon. Sam Powell has all along,
through a long life, allied himself
with agriculture and agricultural
ists, and has always oppçsed extrav
agance, ringism and class legisla
tion of every character. Where we
have such a man, I think both duty
and interest prompt us to send him
to the Convention. We can thus
prove that we are not voting for
men or class, but for principle.
That we are not pursuing a pro
scriptive policy, but are exercising
our inalienable right to vote for
representatives who will represent
us. A few such lawyers, and good,
solid farmers like J. W. Odern,
president of Desoto County F. A.,
will give us a good, clean Constitu
But, brethren, the bosses are go
ing to run the political machinery
for all it is worth, to keep such
men out ®f the Convdhtion ; and I
very much fear that in too many
instances they will succeed.
Lately, I heard a politician say,
(and by the way, a member of the
alliance), that the provision for
fourteen delegates from the State
at large was designed to get some
of the big brained men men in the
Convention; and in this connection
he favored us with a list of names,
all of whom he characterized as
men of eminent legal ability.
Well, now then, it seems to me
that when a man becomes so emi
nent that he cannot afford to rep
resent the county in which he lives,
in this trying hour, he is just a lit
tle too eminent for anything. But
his county might not elect him.
; Ah ! that's the point. The people
who know him best might not vote
! for him. But a mass convention
in the counties, which 75 per cent,
of the farmers will not attend, and
in which 95 per cent, of those who
do will not open their mouths, but
pass as mere figure heads, can be
maii'pulated by deft politicians,
and delegates elected to the State
Convention who will put in the so
called big brains.
It is too late to call a new deal.
But we can be at the husking, when
the primaries come off; and what
ever form, mass meeting, delegate
convention or otherwise, we can
beat the bosses at their own game
and win the prize of 14 delegates,
by going prepared to defeat any
cut and dried trick.
But the slice of 14 delegates is
not all the bosses design cutting off
for themselves. They will capture
every county delegation that they
can. The aforesaid politicien was
also kind enough to inform us that
"a suffrage clause to perpetuate
white supremacy was the all impor
tant question; indeed, about all
there was in it"—the Convention.
Now, this is the same old card
played with such marked success
by the politicians for so long, and
they now expect to trump all the
farmers propose with it. They ex
pect to stand up and say "nigger,"
and to see the people frightened
and confused until they will forget
We all understand the impor
tance of white supremacy,. but the
whites do rule and will rule Mississ
ippi. The question is settled just
that far already. Now then, as to
a constitutional provision that will
make us less trouble than we have
had, we are anxious for that too.
The only issue on that point, that
can come into the Democratic pri
maries, is as to the precise measure.
What is the measure that will meet
the desired end without difranchis
ing many good white voters, or cre
ating a disparity of one to fiye
among white voters, as the Camp
bell plan does, and may be, disrupt
the Democratic party.
The Farmers' Alliance and In
dustrial Union is doing more to
solve the negro problem than any
other agency can. J. J. Ingalls
may be said to stand at the head of
the other side of the race issue. For
18 years he has been elected to the
U. S. Senate, because, when he
could hear of a negro affray down
South, or have one manu facto led
to order, he screamed, "Southern
Now, what is it that caused the
State Alliance of Kansas, composed
probably of a majority of Republi
cans, to say to the old cuss : "Sir,
you have never done anything for
the farmers, and we are for you no
longer?" Why, they met repre
sentative Southern farmers in the
National Alliauce, and learned that
we did not eat negroes down South,
until they are well fatted, at least;
and they have also been taught by
the alliance, that they were far
more deeply concerned in the farm
mortgages that cover Kansas, than
in questions affecting the local gov
ernments down South. Iowa, Ohio
and other States, are loosing their
zeal for the bloody shirt, because
the alliance is teaching them to
think of something else.
We favor white supremacy at
any cost; a constitutional provision
if practicable. Let us by all means
elect men sound on this question,
but at the same time sound on all
the questions that affect our people.
We need not be led off by a one
idead man. We can at the same
time say, down with négro rule,
down with corporation rule, down
with ring rule; down with the ex
cessive power, high salaries and
long terms of officials; down with
extravagant appropriations and
long sessions of the Legislature;
$70,000 is too much to pay men to
sit for months, when 95 per cent, of
the bills they pass are of local ap
plication. Towns could be granted
charters, under a general law, by
the Board of Supervisors of the
county in which ^rfby are located.
The same Board or the Circuit
Court could act with far more dis
cretien in removing the, disabilities
of a minor.
We can think of all these things
and many more, brother farmers,
when we go to the primaries, and
keep an eye on the negro too. Then
let's have no one-idead man to rep
resent us. But unless we work, and
watch, as well as pray, we will be
like the poor boy at the frolic when
the Convention meets.
By no means, let the alliance
nominate any candidates. Wo can
ask men to become candidates, sub
ject to the action of the Democrat
ic primaries. Then, as we are the
most democratic people in the State,
we can give our support to men
representing our views, just as oth
er men do.
To nominate candi
dates independent of the party
would be a just grounds for com
plaint against the alliance. But to
demand our rights in the party, un
der a majority tule, is a position
that ringsters cannot assail, nor
can they possibly defeat us, if we
are on hand to enforce our just de
J. H. Simpson.
The Convention which framed
Mississippi's first Constitution con
sisted of 47 members representing
14 counties and remained in session
from July 7, 1817, to August 15,
1817. The Convention was held in
the town of Washington in Adams
county, which was at that time the
capital of the Territory. The fol
lowing is the list of the counties
then composing the Territory : Ad
ams, Amite, Claiborne, Franklin,
Green, Hancock, Jackson, Jefferson,
Lawrence, Marion, Pike, Warren,
Wayne and Wilkinson.—Ex.
Tlie Cyclone » ill Come.
The .New York Herald is of the
opinion that unless the Alliance
"blows over" "the candidates this
fall are going to do some curious
pledging." Well, there's no lack
of wind at the head of the Georgia
Alliance. The candidates need not
be in a sweat about making pledges.
The Times is right—there is wind
not only at the head of the Alliance
but all along the line. No, candi
dates need not be in a sweat but
they had better be preparing to
pledge themselves to the Alliance
policy, which the executive commit
tee has placed before them, and
which is at the head^of the columns,
or they will think that the breeze
that strikes them this fall is a cy
clone. The hurricane is certainly
coming.—Southern Alliance Farm
You are all right, gentlemen.
There will be some curious pledging
done. The breeze is pretty strong,
too. The candidates need not be in
a sweat. Better take time to think
a little before you begin to pledge.
It might not be wise if you begin t®
pledge too early you might pledge
too often. If you have been in the
State or National legislative halls,
try to decide whether or not you
have ever carried out your former
pledges. If you have been there
very long, it would be a good idea
for you to come around and see the
farmers and find out what they want
in the way of legislation/ With
some of you we are sure that your
time has been taken up with other
matters to such an extent that you
have had no time to look after the
welfare of the farmers. Hence, we
say, if you have been in the legisla
tive business for a long time and
have not had time to find out what
the farmers need, be sdre and come
around and shake hands and see if
you can serve us in any way.—Pro
Carroll County Alliance.
The County Alliance of Carroll
county met on the 22nd and 23rd
of , April. The alliance (was opened
in due form by R. C. Brice, Vice
President. W. II. Farmer, E. M.
Hemphill and A. J. Holman, Com
mittee on Credentials, reported six
teen alliances represented. After
disposing of the reports of special
and standing committies, the sub
treasury plan was taken up and af
ter able discussion by C. J. Coleman,
W. II. Farmer, H. J. Shaw, W. F.
Mabray, L. S. Hempnill and J. C.
Lott, the bill as introduced by Mr.
Pickier of South Dtkota, was unau- '■
imously indorsed and our Senators
and Congressmen urged to use all
honorable means to secure die pas
sage of said bill.
The meeting was harmonious,and
in short, was the best meeting ever
held in Carroll county.
May the good work continue to
Richard C. Price,
N. C. West, Jr., Secretary.
To the Editor of The New 1* armer:
You are respectfully invited to
attend an alliance picnic tobe given
by Beach Point Alliance at Arka
butla, Tate county Mississippi, on
Saturday, May 24th.
Bro. Coleman's presence is also
requested. Please inform him as
we do not know his address. Plea. 1 e
let us hear from you and Bro. Cole
man. We shall expect an address
from each of you. If you cannot
come send some one that will wake
us up for day is dawning, the birds
are singing and we should be work
ing earnestly for our great cause.
T. C. Fuller.
In Germany 41 per cent, of the
total population is engaged in agri
The poor is our dependence for
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