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New farmer. (Winona, Miss.) 18??-1???, May 14, 1890, Image 8

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The Exchange Department
"By diligence and patience the mouse
ate in two the cable - "
All communications, qeuries and other
matter intended for this department should
be sent direct to B. G. West, 224 Front
Street, Memphis, Tenu.
îîro weal's Appointments.
Brethbf.n: —Finding that the appoint
ments published for me are, in some in
stantes, so located that it will be impossible
to reach them on time, and owing to an ac
cinent that delayed me for two days, I have,
after conference with several eminent alli
ance men and with the State Executive
Board, decided to change the appointments
as follows; ,
Philadelphia, Neshoba County, Thurs
day, May 15,
Edinburgh, Leake County, Friday, May
10 .
Beech Springs. Neshoba County, Satur
day, May 17.
Decatur, Newton Countv, Monday, May
10 .
Hillsboro, Scott Countv, Tuesday, May
20 .
^ Morton, Scott County, Wednesday, May
Burns, Smith County, Thursday, Mav
22 .
Sylvarena, Smith County, Friday, May
Taylorsville, Smith County, Saturday,
May 24.
Hon. Frank Burkitt is expected to be
with me, and at some of the appointments
candidates for congress snv they will attend,
I will have samples of goods and Exchange
and Bagging Factory facts. Bro. Burkitt
will discuss the aims, ob?ects, etc., of the
alliance, and the congressional candidates
the political issues of the day. I am anx
iouB to meet you on behalf of the Exchange
and the Bagging Factory and hope you will
have a good crowd at each place.
B. G. West, Stale Ag't.
Meeting ol' Hoard olDirector»,
A meeting of the Board of Directors of
tho Farmers' State Exchange of Mississippi
will be held at Vicksburg on the2Gth inst.,
to bear and consider proposals looking to
the establishment of tho Exchange in that
city. Delegates from sub-alliances and
county alliances are invited to attend.
By order of the President.
P.-M. Mit/lkk, Scc'y,
Memphis, Tenu., May 7, 1890.
"To bribe a voter is a crime
against human liberty. It is the
essence of treason, the meanest fel
ony in the catalogue of political
crimes. Hand and foot it would
bind the genius of the republic
with the strong cords of the purse.
It is the Judas who carries the bag
and the Judas who takes the silver.
It is a base and treacherous assault
on the integrity of representative
government. It is the act of a de
serter, who revels in the luxury of
his own infamy and takes with him,
for a price, the only sentinel on the
ramparts of freedom ! The bribe it
self is a double curse. It curses
him who gives and him who takes.
In whatever form it may be offered
■or received; in whatever guise its
shame may be hidden, it leaves its
stain on the hand and its infamy in
the heart. Whether offered by one
or a thousand, directly or indirect
ly, it is bribery still, and all are par
takers in the guilt. The thief is
not less a thief because he only
watches while others plunder. Un
der the specious plea of "campaign
fund," partisan zeal may tolerate
and encourage liberal deposits where
they will do the most good; but the
principal who furnishes the money
and the agent who places it stand
in tho like condemnation. They
have sowed the wind and will reap
the whirlwind. When bribery shall
have become a little more respecta
ble, when the sale of votes shall
have ceased to be in secret, and the
market is opened, then indeed, will
the last prop in our system fall
and our faith in popular govern
ment perish. This is no empty
trope or fire alarm of rhetoric. It
is the common sense and logic of
the situation. To buy the voter is
to sell the office, and if the highest
offices are to be offered for sale at
auction, the argument is exhausted
and money rules. We shall count
dollars instead of votes, slaves in
stead of freemen."
The Discussion of Current Topics In
the Organized States.
From the National Economist.
A correspondent of the Calorado
Farmer (Denver) falls in an error.
The bill introduced by Senator Cul
lum, as requested by the Alliance of
Cowles county, 111., antedates the
vague resolution of the Senator
from California, and the whole
proposition is a modification of a
plan proposed more than two years
ago by John Davis, editor of the
Junction City (Kan.) Tribune.
The Alabama Mirror (Selma) ar
If the govetnment has the right
to establish warehouses for distil
lers, and pay all the expense of
guarding and caring for their prop
erty for three years, or can loan its
credit to the banks or to railroads,
why can it not place money in cir
culation by advancing the same up
on bona fide property in its own
custody. The farmers of the West
and South are now trying remon
strance and petitions, both of which
are likely to be in vain, but the
time is rapidly approaching when
the party lines will be brushed aside
like cobwebs, and the galling chains
of slavery will be broken like the
wythes with which Sampson was
bound, and a national party will be
organized that will know no North,
no South, no East or West, but
will know only its rights, and
knowing these will dare to main
tain them at any cost or any sacri
The Dublin (Georgia) Post tells
of a benefit through the alliance:
The alliance has been the pecuni
ary salvation to the farmers of this
country. In the purchase of guano
alone it has saved the people from
two to ten dollars per ton. In this
oue purchase it lias saved the farm
ers of Laurens county this year
over ten thousand dollars. May
the alliance continue in the noble
work, and d© even more good than
in! the pas*..which no doubtoshe
The Labor Review (Gladbrook,
Iowa) states it this way:
All wealth is created by labor.
All money is created by law. Tlie
few make the law, and so make
the money that it acts as a sponge
to absorb what labor produces. By
making money scarce and dear,
labor aud products are made cheap;
so mouev practically owns not only
the product of labor, but the labor
er himself.
The Alliance Sentinel (Lansing,
Mich.) is doing gaod service, It
sees a constituency growing around
it in each alliance organized in that
State. It says:
It is not the intention of the
Fanners' Alliance to break up any
political party, but to control polit
ical parties for good, by power of
forms are necessary, and if gained,
will help the farmers and be for
the general good of all. Every far
mer who is an alliance man will
make his party better for bis being
in it, and every ten men will make
it ten times better.
The Fanners Union Department
of the Caucasian (Shreveport, La.)
edited by J. A. Tetts, is full of
strong things. It says:
The sub-treasury plan is a plan to
benefit the wealth-producers of our
country. Should not a common
wealth protect and help the men
who sustain it? Do national bank
ers add anyhting to the wealth of a
country, or are they only helps to
distribute the wealth after it is pro
duced? If their money adds to the
wealth of the country, by furnish
ing means for increasing production
and development, would not the
government loans direct to the peo
ple do the same thing? If the
banks help farmers develop and
produce, with interest at from 8 to
20 per cent., would not government
loans at a lower rate add more to
the wealth of the whole country
and the farmers in particular?
Study this question and write your
Representative and enlist his influ
ence to help you in this, unless he
is a banker, in which case he will
vote for his own interest.
The Alliance Herald (Montgom
ery, Ala.) is sound in its views on
We believe certin re
business effort in the alliance:
The alliance ought not to antag
onize any class merely through
prejudice. K<merchants chargeex
horbitant prices, the Exchange fur
nishes the remedy. It will sell you
goods at prices that are fair and
right. Use the Exchange as a le
ver to bring them to fair treatment,
and it will succeed. Nothing will
bring one of them to his sober sen
ses better or quicker than a bill of
goods from the Exchange, and so
long as the merchant or merchants
of any community persist in trying
to realize more than legitimate
profits, use the Exchange. In fact,
use it on all bills that cannot be
bought cheap at home. The mer
chant will not be slow to catch the
drift, and adjust his methods of
business to the demands.
The alliance department of the
Lawrence (Kaus.) Journal is bright
as usual. It deplores proposed
changes in the State University. It
says :
The University is to become a
poet-factory. This attempt of the
University to convert the steady
going Kansas youth into a long
haired, soiled-collar, suspenderless,
generally <fovvn-at-the-heels poetas
ter, whose eyes will suffer from so
much rolling in fine frenzy that the
toiling farmer parent on the father's
side will have to sell seven bushels
of corn to buy a dollar pair of gen
uine peeble glass specs—this deter
mination on the part of the Uni
versity to condemn the yonng men
of this State to the inevitable penu
ry of poets, we must deplore,
what good will a poet he to a Farm
ers'alliance? What use of a poet
in the Kansas real estate olfiee. Tt
is really absurd.
The Colleton Press ( Walterboro,
S. C.) says;
The sub-treasury plan has been
indorsed unanimously by the Farm
ers' Alliance of Colleton. The
Press is heartily in favor of the
scheme, for we believe that when it
is carried into effect the farmers
will be able to bid defiance to capi
t »lists and co'ri^-'V. •'« everywhere.
I The second number of the Farm
ers and Laborers Light (Princeton,
lnd.) is at hand, fully up to the
work as an exponent of reform.
The Light says:
It appears that some of our busi
ness men believe, or pretend to be
lieve, that the object of our order is
to injure the merchant. Elsewhere
in this paper will be found the pre
amble of our order, which sets
forth plainly our object and de
mands, as promulgated by the gen
eral assembly of tlie F. M. B. A.
A careful perusal of this declara
tion shows that no fight whatever
is made upon the retail merchant.
Our aim is higher and nobler than
that. The merchant, while he is
not eligible to membership in our
order, is as much interested in the
accomplishment of our purposes as
the farmer. Since whatever bene
fits the farmer and laborer benefits
himself equally as much, and the
business man who sets himself up
to antagonize our organization,
does not understand ns, or else is
blind to his own interest. We ask
a careful examination of our prin
ciples and defy any business man,
unless he bo a banker or a monopo
list, to find therein asinple declara
tion that will not accrue to his ben
efit and that of the people.
The Uniou County Farmers' Al
liance (Buena Vista, Ga.) says tru
ly of the vigorous president of the
Georgia State Alliance:
The address of Mr. Livingston at
Americus was a good one. No un
certain ring in its tone; no dodging;
no double-dealing,
traduction to the close of his speech
he was listened to with marked at
tention, and frequently greeted
with rounds of applause. Mr. Liv
ingston discussed the financial sys
tem of the government at length;
pointed out its odious favoriteism,
and convinced his unbelieving hear
ers that the sub-treasury plan is
the best remedy for existing evils
until a better one is presented. If
our president has any ambition for
civic honors, no word of his indi
cated the fact. Our alliance friends
may feel assured that in Mr. Liv
ingston the cause has a fearless
champion, altogether able to care
for himself and the interest of the
From the in
Advertise in The New Farmer.
Sec. 5. That the President shall nr point,
upon the recommendation of the Secretary ]
of the Treasury, a loan agent for each Con
Full Text of a Bill Introduced by Hon.
E. !*. Featherston, of Arkansas.
Hon. L. P. Featherston, of Ar
kansas, lias introduced H. B. No.
224, which appears to , be the best
of the propositions yet made to rec
ognize laud as the basis of circula
tion. It is in the line of the Coles
county bill, pending in the Senate,
and recognizes the principle which
attaches certain privileges to the
homestead. It is a working-farm
ers' bill as against any measure
which might benefit speculators.
To provide for the relief of the agricultural
population of the United States, and to
promote and encourage agriculture.
Whereas the agricultural interests of the
country are now greatly depressed, and
consequently the farmers, farm laborers,
and those dependent on them are empover
ished, and the present financial and eco
nomic conditions are such that many crops
are grown at an actual loss, compelling the
farm owners to mortgage their homes and
farms to greedy usurers at exhorbitant rates
of interest, and many of their homes are
passing into the hands of great landed pro
prietors or financial corporations; and
Whereas it is tho duty of the representa
tives of the people, the law-makers of the
nation, to recognize existing conditions, and
to provide remedies for existing evils; and
Whereas immediate action is demanded
to alleviate this depressed condition, and
and give prompt relief to tho agricultural
classes, besides providing for the encour
agement, greater development, and future
prosperity of that great industry: There
Be it cnacle.il by Ike Sena te anil House
of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled, That
any citizen of the United States, or any
person who has declared tho intention of
becoming a citizen, who owns and resides
upon any tract of land containing not less
than ten and not moiofthan three hundred
and twenty acres of land, and who has at
least one-half of said tract in actual culti
vation, shall be entitled to apply for and re
ceive from the Treasury of the United
States a loan, in amount not to exceed one
half of the assessed value of said tract of
land and the improvements thereon.
Sec. 2. That nil lo.-yhr under this act
shall be lor ; period of} not iesr. hau five
nor more than ten years, at the option of
the borrower, and shall hear interest at the
rate of 2 per cent, per annum from the date
of the loan.
Sec 3. That the Secretary of the Treas
ury is hereby authorized and directed to es
tablish in his Department a "Bureau of
Loans," to be under the charge and direc
tion of a commissioner of loans, who shall
be appointed by the President, by the ad
vice and consent of tlio Senate, and who
shall receive a salary of $5,000 per annum.
Said bureau shall have charge, under the
Secretary, of business relating to the loans
herein provided.
Sec. 4. That the Secretary of the Treas
ury shall cause to be prepnied by the law
officers of his Department a blank form of
mortgage with instructions as to tho proper
manner of filling the blanks in saiil form.
Said mortgage shall contain a clause bind
ing tho mortgager to keep the land mort
gaged free from all claims for taxes, aud
the improvements insured in some respon
sible company for the protection of the
The Secretary shall also
have prepared such other blanks as may be
required under this act.
gressional district tn the United States
composed wholly or iu part of agricultural
lands. Said loan ngeut shall be an actual
resident and qualified voter iu tho district
for which he is appointed, and shall receive
a salary of two thousand five hundred dol
lars per annum and necessary traveling ex
penses, and shall give a good and sufficient
bond for the faithful performance of his
Sec. 0. That upon receipt of any appli
cation for a loan as provided for iu this act,
said application shall at once be transmit
ted to the loan agent for the Congressional
dtstrict within which the applicant resides,
and said agent shall be supplied with copies
of the blank form of mortgage as provided
for in this act.
Sec. 7. That it
shall be the duty of j
said loan agent, upon the receipt of any ap- j
plication as herein provided, to examine in- i
to the title and assessed valuation of the'
, .,, „ , i
which said loan is asked,
,. , , , ,,, . ,, I
hnn an abstract of the title from the proper :
. . ,. , f,
recording officer of the county in which the
tract of land upon
for which purpose there shall be furnished j
land is situated, and a copy of the last two
preceding assessments, and a certificate of
tho actual residence and cultivation requir
ed by this act. The fee for obtaining said
abstract and certificate shall be paid for by
the owner of said land.
Sec. 8. That when tho said loan agent
shall be satisfied that the title to the land
upon which the loan is asked is in tho ap
plicant free from all incumbrances, aud
that (ho applicant is a bona fide resident
thereon and cultivator thereof, he shall as
certain from the last two assessments the
maximum amount that can be loaned there
on nnder the provisions of this act, and
shall then prepare in duplicate two of
the mortgage blanks herein pi ovided for,
and have the same executed by the appli
cantbefore some duly qualified officer. One
copy of saidmortpage shall be forwarded to
the commissioner of loans, and he shall
cause the same to be placed on file and re
corded in the bureau of loans, and the oth
er copy shall be filed and recorded in the
proper office in the county where said land
is situated, said record to be made at the
expense of the moigagor.
Sec, 9. That upon receipt of any mort
gage as hereinbefore provided the commis
sioner of loans shall immediately draw his
warrant for the payment of the sum named
in said mortgage, out of any money in the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, and
a draft for the same, payable in coin certifi
cates, legal-tender notes, or other lawful
money, shall be sent to the moatgngor.
Sec. 10, That the interest on all loans
made under the provisions of this act shall
be paid annually at the office of the loan
agent for the district, and he shall transmit
the same to the Treasurer of the United
States. The failure to pay interest for two
consecutive years shall entitle the Govern
ment to foreclose, and all proceedings for
foreclosure shall he attended to by the
loan agent, and conducted according to the
form of procedure in the district where the
loan is made, and all lands reverting to the
Government by foreclosure shall be added
to the public domain and held for saie to
actual settlers at the amount loaned there
on, with ten per centum added thereon.
Sec. 11. That to enable the Secretary of
the Treasury to carry into effect the provis
ions of this act, lie is authorized and di
rected to issue, ns fast as may be required,
in denominations of "one," "two," "five,"
"ten," "iwentv," and "fifty" dollars, coin
certificates or United Slates notes of full
legal-tender value, to an amount necessary
to provide for the payment of all loan con
tracts that may come under this act., which
certificates or notes, when issued, are hereby
appropriated for tlio purpose of loans upon
farm mortgages; said certificates and notes
shall be similar in all respects to the Uni
ted States certificates ami notes now in use.
Sec. 13. That all law sand parts of laws
in conflict .with this act are hereby repeai
Sfc. lit. That this act shall take effect
from and after its passage.
The National Economist says:
"Just at. this time Congress is try
ing to (loi somethi
omnious grow! Unit is everywhere
coming up from the people, it is
indulging in all sorts of experi
ments in the hope of blundering in
to the right one. Let them work.
Let them bring out all the remedies
the entire membership can think of,
the end is near in the future. Pres
ident Lincoln said, 'You can fool
part of the people all the time; all
of the people part of time; but you
can't fool all of the people all of
the time.' The two first proposi
tions have been worked to their ful
lest extent on this' generation; the
last one is being tried, but it won't
do. Father Abraham was right. «■>
and the plutocrats of America will
soon find that out. Some time, and
that soon, a representative of the
people will stand up, and with
words that burn, and tones that
reach wherever there is a citizen of
this Republic, will way. 'It is
enough, the time has come. Let
the afflictions of this people cease.'
It will then be done easily, but
most thoroughly. Let no one dis—
believe this. Let no one falter, but
] efc every one wor ] t for its accom
p]jsfjment "
The Windsor (N. C.) Ledger
The coming campaign will be a
campaign of intelligent farmers
against indifference and apathy.
The voice of the farmer is raised in
no uncertain sound, and if the long
needed relief does not come then
influence will be felt in the future
to the utter dismay and confusion
of those who oppose them. We are
glad to know that our peerless
Yance is on the side of the farmer
in his struggle to live and that he is
heartily in favor of thesub-treasury
I plan, which
j most feasible pb
j relief for which the fat rnt'is are sup
i ferillg.
~ ,
i The Stephenvme (lex. Head
.. , , 1 ,,
light states a truth winch is but an
I other form of Malth.ua' deduction;
: , . . ■ . .
"The depression m tlie matrimonial
, , J , , , ,,
market is attributable to the same .
cause as
to remain single and the women to
engage in business for a living for
merly held by men exclusively.
Had this country a just financial
system that would properly reward
industry, old bachelors and old
maids would be scarce. Fact."
seems to ns to be the
ui for granting the
the depression in other
It forces the young men

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