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The progress. (Ocean Springs, Miss.) 1???-1905, March 04, 1905, Image 2

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Ocean Springs Progress
rOOLUUIU WEEKLT.
OCBAN SPRINGS. MISSISSIPPI.
Con's Part in
the Reuniting
By FRANK U. SWEET
El, 1904, b j Daily Story Pn- Go.)
CON was the first to reach the
wrecked steamer; but then ten of
x i . L 1 . . a n4 1A ll'ilO
liL II 11 4.V. 1IA
JUrtJ liLIilllidl Willi 11- I.UQ1I -uv a
. . I llln liUln
Hr liiii men kiiimciics. ma neciv,
rrv two bosldes himself, but he had
ker. three loads to the Lone Island
. e 1 1. n Ar. nf ll.a nthar
a-eliroH Than thpv nil
rked together. as rapidly as possi-
for the vessel was sinking.
r The last woman to leave was one
Con had noticed several times as he
loaded his craft with women or chil
dren; she had been conspicuous
among them, encouraging and help
ing, and insisting that all the weaker
ones should leave before herself. Now,
as he swung his scooter alongside the
vessel, whose rails were almost to
the water's edge, she came straight to
him, assisting a tall, powerfully built
man, whose pale face and languid air
proclaimed him an invalid. As Con
saw him he caught his breath sharp
ly and made a motion as though to
spring forward. Except for his pale
face and slightly stooping shoulders
the man seemed an exact counter
part of his own father.
"Can you take us on your scoot-
' or?" the lady asked, with an amused
accent on the word "scooter." "I have
noticed you a number of times, and
Uke your way of doing things. We
will be very glad if you can take us."
"Thank you, and I shall be glad,
too," answered Con, heartily. "I have
been hoping that you could bo my
passenger. I I noticed you a num
ber of times, too, and liked your way
ot doing things."
The lady laughed as he reached out
to assist her, but motioned for the
man to take his place first. Then she
allowed him to place her in the
scooter.
"It seems a case of mutual liking."
she said, as she watched him jibe his
craft into the wind and grasp the til
ler. "But I think I was as much at
tracted by your resemblance to my
brother-in-law here and to my hus
band as to your way of doing things.
They used to do things in much the
same manner, long ago," her eyes
growing far away in their gaze and
her voice wistful.
"It seems strange." she went on,
ptesently. "that after all these years
I should come across the ocean and be
wiecked again at almost the very
place where they were lost."
"Constance," said the man, gently.
"Yes, I know what you would say,
hi other; but you need not fear. I have
schooled myself to the first great
grief; else I could never have come
hrre again, as I have been wanting to
so many years. I shall not break
down. I owe that much to you, who
have been so good in taking this long
journey just to indulge my whim. I
I think I will be ready to go back
on the next boat and live out the
rest of my life quietly. Her gaze re
turned lo Con wfltful&j with tears in
her eyes, though her lips were srmil
iig. "You are very young for such dan
ger," she said.
"I'm 14," he answered, "and there
isr't nearly so much danger as people
think or if there is. one gets 'used
to it arfd don't mind. You you spoke
of being wrecked here twice," trying to
make his voice reassuring; but there
isn't the lpast bit of danger now. I'll
have you on shore in 20 minutes."
"I was not thinking of the danger,
my boy, but of other things," she re
turned with a sad smile. "And I shall
ot torget you and your scooter after
go back home. But you miist tell
le your name, so that I can feel I
now you more personally."
"It's Connamore Fernald Conna
:ore," he replied, "just like my fath
t There's only just us two, and
e ve lived around here ever since
I was a baby. Father's in the life
sr.ving station."
The lady had half risen, a startled
look of Inquiry in her eyes. But the
man drew her back gently.
"We have many kinfolk over here."
he said, "and Fernald is a common
familv name. It is an odd cnini-i-
I will f. . win iu,i ai an I fiil.I I 1. n i p ,,r
When the scooter grated upon the
tin Ihrm mil lint qr lha la.l.. ..
K '- 1 OTVW
rward to inquire after some of the
J toncti and children the man turned
tfulekly to Con.
"It Is. a remarkhle coincidence
about our names an astounding one,
I might say." he began hurriedly. "I
did not wish my slster-ln law to get
excited. She has been through a
great deal. Now what sort of man Is
your father? Doe3 he he " Tha
fctntleman hesitated, seeming at
os lor woras, auuing ratner incon-
lecquently: "The men around here
drink quite a good deal. I suppose?"
Yes, sir, some of them."
ui course; or course: Most sea
faring men do. And your father-
Con 8 shoulders squared, and his
yes blazed.
My father never drank anything
stronger than water." he burst out.
I"
even coffee. All the other men
the station, when they come back
a wreck chilled and exhausted.
kr sumethinc- In revive o,,,l
ireDEini'n mem urn mv taihri
ould never touch a drop, and he did
iuoi c mim iuaD any ol mem.
"I beg your pardon, my boy; no
harm was meant." the gentleman
hastened to say. "I I was half ex
pecting, half hoping for a miracle."
There was keen disappointment in his
face and voice "1 was thinking of
a man I once knw. one of the best
ir en that God ever made. I believe,
except for this f ai line He was a
hard drinker, a a perfect sot at
times, to be accurate. And once,
when the greatest duty that can com
to a man's life met him. he was
helpless and and those be loved
were drowned But you speak of
what your father did. I hope he isn't
dfd r
"Ob, no, sir; but he was taken to
a hospital two days ago. while I was
of at school. I don't think it's any-
l serious, or theT would have
. me f should
should have gone to see
mint iqi npip
next moral
Jt on a tug to
helping In this storm "
morning they were all
New York. Con ar -
eosapeaytng tbem As they were
ratine the lariv turner! In him
1 want you to come and see no
at the hotel this evening,"' she said.
"I shall be out until then. I only ex.
pect to remain here aday or two, and
must utilize every moment. As soon
as the hospital is open I am going to
see your father. He must be a very
brave man from what you have told
me, and I have a warm feeling for
biave men, and for all who have to
do with the sea."
Ten minutes after the hospital was
open to visitors Con was sitting by
his father's cot. The boy's eyes were
blinded by tears.
"I I didn't suppose it was any
thing like this, father," he choked.
"They didn't hint anything about
you losing an arm and the right
arm. too. Oh, father!"
"It might easily have been much
worse," said his father, quietly.
was never more full of determination
"OH. FATHER!"
than I am now. I have one arm left,
nd soon I can go out again as a
strong man among strong men, to go
cn with my worK. boraetimes, uon,
I used to think that but for you 1
would be glad to give up the strug
gle, it. seemed so long and dreary, the
watting. But that weakness has all
been put aside. Once I I failed, at a
supreme moment, and now all the
work that God will permit me to dc
cannot but never mind that., Con,"
tiying to control his voice. "The
operation lias left me weak and wan
tiering. I"
There was a sudden rustling of soft
rments, a subtle perfume in the
cir. Both turned; then came a sharp
cry from the cot:
"Constance! Constance! My God!
Aiivo!"
"Fernald! Fernald! Fernald!"
Con looked from one to the other
wonderingly, then with sudden com
prehension. Something choked In his
throat, and he turned away. Bui only
lor a moment, then the woman's armi
closed about his neck.
ATMOSPHERE AS A PRISM,
Refracts the Sun's Rays and Pro
duces the Peculiar Green Color
Seen at Sunset.
A green ray at sunset is sufficient!)
well known to make unnecessary any
mention of the beauty of the spectacle
and the ordinary conditions of its ob
servation. The ray may lie seen on beau
tiful evenings on the seashore and else
where, although the intensity is varia
ble in general, it Is necessary that the
stale of the atmosphere be such that the
horizon may be clearly distinguished
as the solar disk sinks behind it. In
explanation of the green ray recourse
has been had to the theory of an optical
illusion, duo lo the yellow-orange Itgfit
of the sun, which at the moment of the
disappearance of the last small portion
of the sun becomes affected by the com
plementary color, green-blue. This has
not been satisfactory, and it has been
suggested, says a writer in 'La Nature
that the atmosphere acts as a prism, re
fracting the last luminous ray from the
smi at the time of iis disappearance and
decomposing and spreading It out ac
cording to the succession of colors ol
the spectrum. The red, orange and yel
low rays are the less deviated and are
confused with the solar point of which
they have the color, but the eye per
ceives clearly the green and blue rays
while the indigo and violet, which are
the most dispersed and the most lumin
ous, cannot be seen.
DIG DIAMONDS IN STREETS
The Unemployed in Kinibei ley. South
Africa, Given Privileges by Mu
nicipal Council.
London . Latest news fmm south
Africa brines a report that the munici
pal council of Kimberley, finding the
town full of unemployed because oi
strikes and the consequence of the
late war, allowed the idle inhabitants
to tear up the streets and search the
macadam for diamonds on condition
that each man should replace the space
allotted to him.
It was known that the macadam o!
the streets had been originally taken
from the debris of the diamond mines
and talk of great Jewels hidden in it
had been common.
As it is each workman found from
$.t.int to $9 ,004 in diamond dust, sums
jewels discovered being valued as big)
as l'"t each.
LOVE'S SPRINGTIME.
H heart was winter-bound until
1 heard you sing;
O voire of Love. huah not, but fill
My lite with Spring!
M hnp.-s were huir.css tilings befora
1 saw your eyes;
O ssalle of Love, riosc rot the door
To paraJiae!
My dreams weir bluer once, and theo
1 found ihrm bllw;
U lip of Unf, give me again
Your rose to kiss!
Spric.gtlile of !.ovr! The secret sweet
Is ours alone:
O bean of Love, at last you brat
Against my own!
Frank DesaBSSjSf Sherman, "Lyrics ol
Joy. '
A Holiday Appeal.
The joungster sighs, wren chrlstmat
comes.
For hobb -horses and for drums.
And Jumping-jacks and sleds and toys
Such as delight the hearts of bc,ys.
He sometimes fee: resentment faint.
Although he utters no complaint.
When hopes of playtime gifts take- wings
And "Santj" brings him "useful things."
What earr-s he for a brand-rew suit
Who has no striped horn tn toot.
Or for a cap to Wile his head
Who has no wagon painted red?
Ah what were :lf to grown-up folk
Without the p'.avthing and ti-e joke.
Without the smile which foli.v brings
With just a wcr:d of "useful things?"
Washington Star.
Bad Teeth Cause Cancer.
London -Walter Whitehead, the well
known Manchester surgeon. belicTes It
possible that cancer may be cue to bad
teeth Addressing the students of the
Victoria Dental hospital the other da
he said, that to drain, trap, and ventilate
a house for a man with bad teeth wa '
waste of money, for he pollnted the
purest air as he breathed It. snd con
taminated the most whelesome food ai
. ate It
I
X5jjJ
MIGHTY POWER OJT ENTHUSIASM
AGAINST OBSTACLES IN THJ2
PATHWAY TO SUCCESS.
"Dead-in-Earnoit" Men What Some
of Them Have Accomplished
Talent of Iess Impor
tance Than Zeal.
By Orison Swett Marden.
(Founder and Edkor of "Success" Maga
zine author of "Pushing to the Front,"
"Rising in the World, or Architects of
Fate," Etc.)
tirjoW is it, Mr. Garrick," said a
H learned bishop to the famous
actor "that you can.byyouracting, per-
ciadp neonle that a niane-up story is
true, while 1 have difficulty in making
them believe the real fmn : is u not,
my lord," was the refily, "that you
preach the truth as if you did not believe
It, while I act that which is not true as if
I did believe it?"
The enthusiasm for his art which
made David Garrtci; the greatest actor
of his time, is absolutely essential to
hjgh achievement In any field of en
deavor. You will search in vain, in all
the wide range of history or biography,
for any record of a half-hearted or in
different worker who accomplished any
thing for himself or Tor humanity. The
martyrs, the inventors, the artists, the
musicians, the poets, the great, writers,
the heroes, the pioneers ot civilization,
the movers of every great enterprise
those of every race and clime who have
led the world upward from the dawn of
history to the twentieth century have
been enthusiasts, apnsecraleel, dead-in-
earnest, people,
Enthusiasm Clears the Way.
Success is often due less to unusual tal
ent or ability than to enthusiasm. No
barrier, however formidable, no obsta
cle, however insurmountable it may
seem to the timid or faint-hearted, can
bar the way to a determined youth filled
with etnhuslasm for a high ideal.
Lincoln was consumed with a desire
for an education, lie walked six miles
to borrow a grammar, and after return
ing home with it studied its intricacies
by the light of pine knots, lie worked
out problems in arithmetic cn a wooden
shovel by the glow ot a log fire. He did
not dream ot high office in these toil
some days and nights, when his love of
earning urged him to keep a bonk in
the cracks of the logs in the loft, where
ho slept, so that he might have it at
hand at peep of day; hut who shall say
that this early enthusiasm in pursuit
of knowledge did not lead to thewhile
house and make him the liberator of a
race?
The world makes way for the man who
believes in his mission. Noniutterwhat
objections may be raised or how dark
the outlook may be, he believes, in his
power to transform into a reality the
vision which he alone sees. Enthusiasm
makes him proof against every cisemir-
tement.
Falissy's Lonpj Struggle.
Palissy, toiling in the face of poverty
ami tailure to discover the secret ol the
white enamel, was so intoxicated with
enthusiasm that men thought him a
fool, tjod's fool he was with a great hope
in his heart, for the realization of which
he gladly suffered the loss Of all things.
It was only his burning zeal in the pur
suit of his ideal that kept him alive dur
ing the long years of toil and privation
that preceded Mi triumph. Writing erf
thin pci'loil, ho uai.l. Minnctf; 'l nO
wasted in person thtt there was no
form nor prominence of muscle on my
arms or legs, also the said legs were
throughout of one si;:e. so tliiit the gar
ters with v hieh I titii my Blockings were
at onee. when I walked, ("own upon my
heels, with the stockings, too, I was
despised and mocked by all."
It was enthusiasm which enabled Cy
rus W, Field, after IS ears of elfort and
defeat, to lay the Atlantic cable, it was
enthusiasm, in scijc of carping critics,
that sped Stephenson's locomotive toits
triumphant goal. I! was enthusiasm
that sent Fulton's "Polly" on its suc
cessful way up the- Hudson, to the dis
may and consternation of his croaking
detractors.'
Whether we turn our eyes to the past
or to the present, we find no great or
usefui achievement which is not there
suit of this master passion. Whether It
be the ordering of a house or I he law
making of a statesman for a nation, the
management of a business or the teach
ing; of a school, the painting ofji picture
or the perfecting of an invention, this
ri tattling element must be present or
the result will be c ither total failure or
only hnlf a success.
High Requirement from All.
The man who feels no thrill of joy in
his daily labor, who is only driven to It
by the spur of necessity, who goes
through it conscientiously, it may be.
but merely as the performance of a dis
agreeable duty, is almost sure to fail in
life. When young men or young women
work m men a spirit there laEomething
fatally wrong. Either they have mis
taken their calling and are wearing
their lives away la fruitless attempt to
do that well which they should never
have undertaken, or they need inward
Illumination. They want to be roused
to the fact that the world needs their
best work; that no half-hearted, indif
ferent efforts will justify them before
the Creator, who has given us talents
not to be folded in a napkin -and re
turned to Him intact In the final render
ing of accounts, but lo be put out at in
terest, to be increased ten-fold, twenty
fold, a hundred-fold, according to each
one's ability ami opportunity.
There is in every one the power to do
trood work of some sort, work that will
count for the benefit of humanity, j
Every man is born to do some particular
thing in which he can excel if he will.
Let him find what that ihing is early in
life, give himstli, to it heart and soul,
with all the enthusiasm of which he is
capable, and no power on earth, no one
save himself c8:i put limitations upon
his achievement. Out rajhe place to
which nature has assigned him no man
can be enthusiastic: in that place there
should be no bounds lo his enthusiasm.
Kuckstuhl's Rise to Fame.
"A man in earnest finds means.'' says
Channing. "or if he cannot find, creates
! them." When F. Wellington Ruckstuhl
discovered that art claimed him for her i
own, he literally created the means to
study and develop his talent. His de
termination to become a sculntor was
strenuously opposed by his friends. He
was working in a store in St Louis at
the time, and when he told his employer
of his decision, the latter could scarce
ly believe that he meant what he said
"Why young man.' he exclaimed, "are
you going to throw up the chance of a
lifetime? I will give you 5.V0 a ear
and promote you tn be manager if you
will remain with me." But Mr. Ruck
stuhl had found his life work: his en
thusiasm was kindled, and twice $5,000
would not tempt blm to forsake his idea
poswssed only 1250. but his poverty
rid not daunt h:ra H- went abroad
raveld through Europe for five
months, visited Iff French salon, and I
returned to America penniless, but with
a deeper insight Into art and a great
er love for it than before. He then re
solved to return to Paris and study there
for three years. Again he met with
discouragement. His friends ridi
culed the idea, but nothing could turn
him from his purpose. Fortunately his
enthusiasm, united with his merited tal
ent, convinced others of his ability to
succeed, and he secured In St. Louis or
ders for several busts at $200 each, to
be done after his return from Paris.
Mr. Ruckstuhl Is now one of our fore
most sculptors.
If you would accomplish anything of
merit, if you would make yourself a
motor for the achievement of your pur
pose, you must be tuned to concert pitch,
must thrill with enthusiasm, must re
spond to the demands of your work as
a lover responds to the smile of his loved
one. There is little hope of success for
the youth who starts out in life without
enthusiasm. He may possess talent,
even genius; he may be brilliant and
clever; he may be popular and enter
taining, but if ho lacks this divine sTark,
this vital izer of human energies, he will
never achieve anything of importance.
Lethargy Fatal to Progress.
I have in mind at the momenfhn ex
ceptionally talented young man, a grad
uate of one of our leading universities,
who is simply drifting- drifting to fail
urn because of his lack of enthusiasm.
With him life is a thing to be endured,
rather than a great privilege I to be
prized and made the most of. His spir
itual nature has not been awakened. He
has never been aroused to the dignity of
man's mission on earth, to the nobil
ity of labor or to his own responsibil
ities to be a living, forceful factor in
the world of action and progress.
No, there Is no substitute for en
thusiasm. It makes all the difference
between a half heart and a whole heart,
between defeat and victory. The young
man who hope3 to succeed to-day must
be dominated by his purpose, must be
aflame Willi enthusiasm. The one-talent
man who is in love with his work,
enthusiastic over it, will accomplish
Indefinitely more for life than the ten
talent man who is Indifferent, or half
hearted. Coldness, Itikewarmness and
indifference are fatal to progress.
In reply to the question: "To what do
you attribute your success?" John
Wanamaker replied: "To thinking,
tolling, trying and trusting in God."
This is what. It means to be enthusiastic
In one's work to think about It. to toil
for its successful accomplishment, to try
and try and try again, in spite of ob
stacles, discouragements and mistakes,
to push it forward and. above all, tohave
an abiding faith in God.
What may not even a boy do when
his whole heart is in his work? To
the enthusiasm of the boy Edison is due
the achievements of the "wizard" of
Menlo Park. "Life was never more full
of joy to me." he said recently, "than
when, a poor boy, I began to think out
improvemenls-in telegraphy and to ex
periment with the cheapest and crudest
appliance-. And now that I have all
the appliances I need and am my own
master, I continue to find my greatest
pleasure, and so my reward, in the work
that precedes! what the world calls suc
cess." Divine Zeal Irresistible.
This is ever the spirit of the enthus
iast. He throws himself Into his work,
not for tii c fame or honor, or material
rewards it will bring, but for the love of
it. He who respects his work so high
ly (and does it so reverently) that he
cares little what the world thinks of it,
is the man about whom the world comes
at last to think a great deal.
It has been well said that all the lib
erties, reforms and political achieve
ments or society uiT inen galnad by
nations thrilling and throbbing with en
thusiasm. Tlio Maid of Orleans, with
her sacred sword, her consecrated ban
ner and her belief in her great mis
sion, sent a thrill of enthusiasm through
the whole French army such as neither
king nor statesmen could produce. Her
zeal carried everything before it.
Our ow n struggle for inclepender.ee
marked the triumph of a mighty en
thusiasm. The victory of untrained,
Undisciplined farmers, backwoodsmen
and mechanics, poorly armed, poorly
clad and poorly fed, over the completely
equipped, perfectly drilled hosts of Eng
land, with the resources of the great
est empire in the world behind them,
was little short of miraculous. It could
never have been gained but for the in
spiration of a noble cause. An enthus
iastic love of liberty thrilled the hearts
of the colonists, ne rved their arms and
made them indifferent to hunger, cold,
sickness and hardships of ail kinds.
It is enthusiasm of this kind, enthus
i iasm born of a divine belief in one's
work, that makes an individual a host in
himself, irresistible as a river rushing
to the sea.
"This world is given as a prize for
the men In earnest." says K W. Robert
son. There is practically no limit t6
the world of endeavor and achievement
open to. the earnest, enthusiastic youth
of to-day. This is preeminently the
a?e of young men and young women.
Every occupation, every profession,
eery department of life fs clamorous
for SDthtltiKStic young workers. "The
world's interests are. under Cod. in the
hands of the young," says Dr. Trum
bull. W:bat youth or maiden can fail to
respond with enthusiasm to the demand
of such a tremendous responsibility.
However humble your work may be
never forget that your mariner of doing
It is advancing or retarding the inter
ests of humanity. What a touch of sub
limity this conception of work gives to
all human endeavor! How it should ani
mate the spirit and nerve the hand of
the youngest as well as of the oldest!
Truth, honesty, faithfulness to duty,
high ideals, strength of character all
these are indispensable to the young man
who would carve out for himself a suc
cessful career, but they are not enough
to make a whole man. II enthusiasm.
the Quickening touch of the spirit that
makes man in a special sense one with
Ood. be lacking, life will be shorn of its
greatest charm, its most potent power
of achievement. Its very soul, the lever
that moves the world, will be missing,
and no other force under heaven can take
its place.
(Copyright. ;s03. lly Josph H. Howies.)
Death Dealing Canoe. ,
Abolish the canoe and Canada might
have a war eytry five years and then
I lose fewer young men than the great
number that must go down to death in
ten years of summer holidays. It U
pitiful the mothers who weep.the fa-
there who mourn and the homes that are
darkened simply IsjejMM the young peo
ple win take chances that they have no
business to take. Death may part the
young man from his canoe. (Jood ad
vice cannot. ".Ephraim Is joined to his
idols." and the victims of the canoe hab
it will neither keep out of the i anoei
nor be careful while they are in canoea
Toronto Telegram.
Food Not Contraband.
It will be remembered that In theBoei
war Great Britain paid for a cargo ol
foodstuffs sent from the I'nlted States
to a Portuguese por'. nd alleged to b
intended for the Boers. By this pay-
roent Great Britain gave the best posal-
ble evidence of hr adherence 10 th
American idee that food is not contra-
band. The Outlook.
HABIT OF MUCH SUPERFICIAL
BEADING LEADS TO HALF
DOING OTHEB THINGS.
impairs Mental Power Great Think
ers Always Thorough Headers
Macaulay's Bule for
Concentration,
y Qr. Orison Swett Marden.
(Editor Success Magazine, New York.)
D EWARE of the man of one book,"
l said Dr. Johnson. "Beware of
(he man who knows one thing well. He
is a dangerous antagonist."
Thoroughness is the foundation of
worthy achievement in any direction.
In reading it is foundation, solid con
tents, apex eveything.
A smattering of books, no matter
how extensive, will never strengthen
the Intellect or enlarge the mind. The
mere book taster is as ignorant of lit
erature, as tinappreciative of the true
riches of books as the globe trotter Is
of the countries through which be
rushes, merely to be able to say that
he has been in them.
Mental Dissipation.
Life may be crippled by a habit of
superficial or desultory reading, for
such reading weakens the mind, im
pairs the memory, undermines the pow
ers of application and persistence, and
destroys that desire for completeness,
for wholeness of life, which is the
crown of character.
People who read with half a mind,
who turn from one book to another,
skimming here and there, and not read
ing any thoroughly or to the close, will
soon begin to half do other things or
leave them unfinished. The habit will
manifest itself in every phase of their
lives.
The temptation to reading of this
kind is greatly increased by the enor
mous recent multiplication of litera
ture, and is a menace to depth of cul
ture, especially to dwellers in cities.
Anxious to be able to say that they
have read the latest "best-selling books
of the month," and desirous of being
regarded as atifait in literary matters,
many people are silly enough to try to
skim through a hundred books and
magazines in a month, without any
effort or wish to appropriate and make
their own the thoughts they contain
that, is any of them that contain a
thought worth remembering, which
cannot be said of many of our "host
selling books."
This is the worst sort of mental dis
sipation and the most pernicious in its
results. It is the kind of "multifa
rious reading" which Rev. F. W. Rob
ertson says "weakens the mind more
than doing nothing, for It becomes a
necessity at last, like smoking, and is
an excuse for the mind to lie dormant
while thought is poured in, and runs
through a clear stream, over unproduc
tive gravel, on which not even mosses
grow.
No superficial reader ever became an
exact or great scholar or an authority
on any subject. No matter how many
school and college diplomas you may
hold, if you are not educated, for it is
thoroughness in reading that gives
breadth and solidity to education, as it
is thoroughness in work that gives
strength ami .stability to character.
Desultory Reading Bad.
One good book thoroughly roi. at
gested and assimilated until it becomes,
like the iron atoms in our blood, a part
of ourselves, is worth more to a reader
than the thoughtless skimming over of
thousands of volumes.
Edward Everett Hale says that if a
person will take up some subject and
study It thoroughly be will have a better
knowledge of it in one month than any
one else but, a specialist. So. if you ab
sorb and make apart of your life a few
great books, instead of squandering your
time and demoralizing your mental fac
ulties by attempting to swallow, with
out digesting, every volume that comes
in your way. you will be a better read
man or woman than any but a specialist
in literature.
Probably not one reader In a hundred
to-day could give an intelligent synopsis
of a book he has just read. The matter
lies a confused heap, and undefined
nebulous mass in his mind.
Whatever is taken into the mental
chamber, withemt any attempt at classi
fication or systematic arrangement,
merely induces mental ciy.spepsia. After
a while the mind becomes so clogged
with ttnassimilated material that it is un
able to ac t with quickness or certainty
It losses confidence and elasticity. The
very power to think actively and de
finitely is destroyed by the habit of su
perficial reading.
It is to many an unpleasant task, aftei
reading a book or listening to a sermon
of lecture, to write out an analysis of it.
But it is by the experc ise of such pains
taking thoroughness that the Websters.
the Choates, the Lincolr.s. the Clays and
the Gladstones are made.
Make Notes as You Bead.
Those who have gotten the most out of
books have not only read and re-read
them with eager, absorbing attention,
but have also made copious notes on the
margins, on the fly-leaves, between the
lines, or else in notebooks kept for the
purpose.
Of course it is troublesome, and some
times inconvenient, to stop reading to
make notes, but it is the price famous
writers, orators and scholars have paid
for their accumulated knowledge.
The libraries of many great men show
that their books were their quarries
their reservoirs of thought, their ma
terial for future use. for they are full of
notes, and In some cases blank leaves
have been inserted for remarks, sugges
tions and criticisms.
Much of what we admire as unusual
talent is but an infinite capacity forfait
ing pains, and most of us, by taking
pains with our reading, as well as with
other things, could double and treble our
power and usefulness.
Taking copious notes, reading and re
reading, with a mind entirely free from
distracting cares or thoughts, neve.
Ieavii:g an obscure passage until it has
become perfectly clear, never passing a
word whose meaning or pronunciation
we do not know without consulting a dic
tionary, and if possible, committing
some of the finest passages to memory
this is the only way to read with profit.
Many will object that such a method
would take too much time. But even the
most brilliant intellects found no short
cut to knowledge by reading.
Franklin advised everybody to read ,
with a pen in band and to make notes
of all they read. Joseph Cook also ad
vised all young men and women to keep
commonplace books and make notes of
their reading
Macaulay's Bule.
Henry Ward Beecher. in the course
of a conversation on reading, said:
"The great point is to read nothing
without redectlon. Dr Macaulay. who
used to preach in New York, told me
that when a boy at college he began to
read enthusiastically, but that at the
foot of every page he read he stopped
and obliged himself to give an account
ot what he had read on that page. At
first he had to read it three or four
times before he got his mind firmly
fixed. But be rigorously compelled him
self to conform to the process, until
now, he says, after he has read a book
through once, he can almost recite it
from beginning to end. It Is a very
simple habit to form early in life, and
is invaluable for acquiring accuracy
and thorough knowledge of the mate
rial with which a man has to deal."
' It is recorded that Macaulay, the
great English historian and essayist,
adopted a similar plan ot reading in
his youth.
Harriet Martlneau said of herself: "I
am the slowest of readers sometimes
a page an hour is all I read."
"I never knew but one or two fa
readers, or readers of many books,
whose knowledge was worth any
thing," observes Rev. F. W. Robertsoa
"I. read hard or not at all, never skim
u4iif, never turning aside to merely
ifrviting books;, and the thoughts of
Plato, Aristotle, Thucydldes, Sterne and
Jonathan Edwards have passed, 'like
the iron atoms of the blood, into my
mental constitution."
"My mother compelled me to learn,
by daily toil, long chapters of the Bible
by heart," says Ruskin, "and to his dis
cipline I owe not only my knowledge
of this work, but also much of my gen
eral power for taking pains and the
best part of my taste in literature."
If men and women whose intellectual
pre-eminence has made them guide
posts for future generations, had to bo
so patient and laborious in forming
correct reading habits, can the average
boy or girj of the twentieth century
afford to take less pains?
Wealth of Beading a Snare.
The fact that the majority of people
to-day are less thorough in their read
ing than were their grandfathers and
grandmothers is largely owing to the
bewildering mass of books, magazines
and newspapers at their command in
libraries, c lubs and reading rooms, and
to be obtained for a few cents at book
stalls, or in department stores.
We usually appreciate advantages
according to the difficulty of obtaining
them, and it frequently happens thai
it is not the boy who is brought up in
an atmosphere of books, who has easy
access to immense libraries and read
ing rooms, and who has perhaps a
score of magazines coming to his homo
each month, who gains most from his
opportunities. How often is it the
country lad, lo whom books are a lux
ury, who may never have seen a
library, but who devours the few vol
umes he can borrow as if he would
never see them again, who is heard
from in after life. Lincoln got more
real good out of the half dozen books
to which he had access as a youth than
many a modern boy ever gets out of
the great city libraries and reading
rooms which are constantly open to
him.
Busy people complain that they have
not lime to re?d carefully, that, their
reading must be done "on the fly," on
the trains, on cars or ferryboats, or on
their way to and from store or office,
or not at all. Others say that they
cannot reserve any special lime for
reading, and that. It is Impossible, in
the midst of household duties or other
distractions, to seize odd intervals of
leisure and read connectedly or with
any degree of profit.
All May Have Culture.
It is not necessary to have a pre
scribed time for reading, or a certain
number, of hours a diy to devote to it in
order m ueouuic -n-m ,. - ,i., aivii
of concentration has been fixed in boy
hood and girlhood we can read to ad
vantage, no matter what our environ
ment or how limited or broken the time
at. our disposal. It would, of course, be
greatly in our favor lo have an hour or
two each clay which we could count
upon absolutely for mental culture.
But because we have not is no reason
why we Ehould not be cultured If
desire to be. If the feslra be there we
will make the most of ouroppt rt unities,
as did Elihu Rurritt. Iho "i arm d black
smith," who acquired i..;. '; languages
and solved difficult mathematical prob
lems during the patii I i of his work ci
the forge.
Examples are not wanting to show in
what may be done by the earnest-minded.
Standing In line With Us fellow errand
hove at the post ofltee in Amsterdam.
Hie eminent Greek explorer, Dr. Bchlle
maun, i;h open book in hand, utilized
the moments of wailing in laying the
foundations of bit future greataees.
Amid the constant distractions of
household c ar;.-, which were never neg
lected. .Mary Somerville completed her
"Mechanism of the Heavens." which
gave her rank as one of the form - t
scientists of her day.
It is not lack of time or opportunity,
so much as lack of heart and earnestness,
that prevents most of us from becoming
well-informed readers.
if, like Robert Louis Stevenson, on
constantly carries a notebook and pen
cil in one pocket and a book in anolhei ;
and if. like Gladstone, always is pre
pared to turn lo account the moments
while waiting for a train, a car or a
ferryboat, he will not only find time to
read, but will also read with profit.
(Copyright, lit. By Joseph n. BewleSJ
Everything Here Short.
The late M. A. Lower, the antiquary,
is responsible for this Lullingion anec
dote: One Sunday morning the curate,
a man of diminutive stature, preached
from the shortest text In the Bible,
"Jesus wept." to a congregation of a
dozen people, and the offertory realized
only 18 pence, whereupon a stranger re
marked that it was the smallest church,
the smallest congregation, the imallest
parson, the shortest text and the smallest
collection he had ever known West
minster Gazetta.
Not Yet Horseless Age.
Perhaps a time will come when ojr
streets and avenues, will be sMSjelesj,
but it cannot yet be claimed that it is
yet in sight. It will c ertainly not coma
ai- long as motor cars command pres
ent prices prices which manifest a
tendenc y to increase rather than to de
crease. Kven when ihe cost of a good
machine is low if such a period shall
ever arrive doubtless we v. iil continue
to see Dobbin and the family chaise the
approved method of many for getting
the air N. Y Glob.
For Soldiers' Guidance.
The cotton handkerchiefs provided
for French Foldiers heve printed upon
them a number of sanitary precepts to
be observed on the march and during a
rampaign. and sre further decorated I
.lfn medallions containing pictures of j
officers of all trades: the different uni
forms being so distinctly portrayed that
a French private can tell at a glance to
what grade any officer he may see be
longs. Working for His Living.
Citlten See here, why do yon bee'.
MendicantWhy. a feller can't lir
by doin' nothin Philadelphia Bu'
letin.
SEE IOWA BOND GIFT
BIG
OFFERING TO HAWKEYE
STATE EXPLAINED.
HOLDEN ON LECTURE TOUR
Ames Professor Will Undertake En
terprise in March Insanity in
Iowa Increases Census Tak
ers Are Warned.
Special Correspondence,
Des Moines, la., Dec. 26. It is gen
erally believed here that the ten bonds,
representing a face value of $1,000
each, which have been offered to the
state of Iowa by a Fhlladelphian, sign
ing himself John James, are involved
in the scheme of a former United
States senator of another state to col
lect $20,000,000 in ancient obligations
from the southern states. The bonds
which concern Iowa bear interest
which, with the principal, make the
value of the documents about $29,000.
However, the Philadelpblan points
out, "these cannot be collected by an in
dividual, and if this state will under
take the task, the bonds will be
turned over. It is said that when the
senator was in office he learned of a
number of bonds which were outstand
ing and, being uncolleetable by a pri
vate individual, he engineered a con
tract under which he was guaranteed
four per cent, of all he could collect on
bonds of North Carolina. Ten thou
sand dollars in these bonds were pre
sented to South Dakota, and suit was
begun in the supreme court against
North Carolina for collection. South
Dakota won and was given judgment
against the southern state for $30,000.
It is declared that the senator hunted
up the holders of extensive issues of
southern state bonds and made con
tracts with them for the collection of
their claims. Judgment having been
secured for the state, it Is believed to
be the Idea of those who represent the
collectors that they can set before the
government the fact that one class of
creditors cannot be paid without con
sideration of another, thus bringing
about the desired result. In the South
Dakota -ease, judgment will be Issued
early In 1905. Meantime it is believed
that disinterested stales will be a3ked
to accept bonds In order that suit may
be begun in their names. Iowa is the
first stale to receive the offer and will,
in all probability, reject it.
Holden to Tour State.
Prof. P. G. Holden, of the fowa State
college, at Ames, and George A. Wells,
of Des Moines, secretary of the Iowa
Grain Buyers' association, have com
pleted arrangements with the Chicago
& Northwestern Railroad company to
make a tour of the state about the
middle of March, spreading the gospel
of good seed corn. Prof. Holden. Sec
retary Wells and other noted Iowa ag
riculturists will lecture on the subject,
and it is expected that a great amouni
of interest Will mark the enterprise.
Stops of SO minutes will be made at
each station and brief speeches will he
delivered bv the lecturers. A schedule
will
be published and notices of the
coin Mpicuu uiijaiicciM , tsu mac evei j
farmer in the state will have an oppor
tunity to profit by it. Many believe
that other roads will follow the lead of
the Northwestern, thus covering every
section of Iowa.
Lunacy on the Increase.
Insanity is on the increase in iowa.
This fact Is borne out by ih- figures
which have just been made public by
the board of control. There are now
in the insane hospitals of the state
:!,5Su persons suffering from nervou.;
diseases, an increase of 278 over tho
total of last year. New cottages are
being constructed at Clarinda and
Chercdcee, a fact which shows the fore
thought of the legislature and of the
board of control. The number of in
ebriates is tailing off. the total now in
the hospitals bring II, a.-, compared
with 107 reported last year. A net
increase e.-f 100 is shown in iho number
of wards of the state. The total U now
7.SS4. Following is a tabulated state
ment of the balance of cash on hand
in the funds of the Institutions:
Anemose
Cherokee
Ciartnda
Council muffs . .
D-.ivi-rport
Kldora
Kcri Madison ...
QsDweod
independeace ...
Mamhalltewn .
MJtchelivliie ....
Mount Pleasant
Vinton
.1 C.0S1
Let!
. 21,493
83S
. 3.412
5.1.03
. H.1C4
i.M6.t
!;i'"
i!r,i;,;
. uiagf
. 2,M1
.le0,t7
Census Must Be Accurate.
Secretary Davidson, of the executive
Bound I, has notified the county audit- j
ors that the census which Is to be
taken soon must be accurately recora-
ed. and he sends with his warning a !
set of Instructions for use of assessors.
General data of the state is to Le talicn I
with the census, including live stock,
fruit, vegetables, etc. Information is
to be secured, by the assessors, con-
cerning those who raise fowls, animals
or produce, but who do not come un-
dcr the classincaiion 01 larmer. ror
census nurno.-es. a "farmer" is any
dividual owning and cultivating three
or more acres of land.
Big Marble Find Announced.
The discovery of a vast deposit of
rich marble which was made years ago
by Clement L Webster has recently
been made public by the awarding of
the gold medal to the company which
exhibited the stone at St. Louis. The
corporation which owns the land on
which the deposit was found, is locat
ed at Charles City. This find is of na
tional as well as state importance, as
the Floyd county product is declared
to equal in quality the imported Ba
varian article. A German magazine,
after one of its representatives had ex
amined the lows product at the expo
sition, said that the German stone
must in time concede a place to the
Charles City marble, because of the
rare quality of the latter. The marble
as an article of commerce is used
mainly in lithographing.
Culture, Stations Half Complete.
Henry Albert, in charge of the state
i bacteriological laboratory at Iowa
City, says that the system of bacteria
culture stations throughout the state
' is about half completed. Alrendy 400
sta'Jo.ia report regulerly and accord-
FRENCH AUTOS LOSE PALM
American Built Machines Increase in
Taror Abroad Trade Being
Revolutionised.
Paris Americans will be shipping
automobile to Paris within three
years." declared E. R Thomas the auto
mobile manufacturer, of Buffalo, in an
interview here the other day.
"Undoubtedly the French were ahead
of us at first in mechanical equipment
and methods of construction Labor
I
man, there is room for as many sb4M
Dr. Albert declares that the systam
employed in Iowa Is the next to the
best in the country, only ode, that of'
Vermont, surpassing it. At the next
legislature Dr. Albert will introduce
bill providing for the slmplilcailon ot
requirements made upon physicians
regarding vital -statistics.
Hope for Iowa Amendment
Senator Titus, author of the Iowa bi
ennial amendment, sees victory in the
decisions in like cases in the supreme
court of Wisconsin. Questions hare
been raised In the Badger state as to the
validity of amendments and bavealwaya
been decided in favor ot the bill, he de
clares. The senator came to Des Molnca
on business recently, and when Inter
viewed on the question of testing- the
amendment, said he doubted if any such
move could be made. When asked how
he would meet the criticism that his
measure was not submitted in proper
form, he cited a case which was decided
in the Wisconsin court, and declared that
the language of the Iowa and Wisconsin
constitution is identical on the ques
tion. Mr. Titus says he does not consid
er the omission of the words "of Iowa"
worth the trouble which has been fo
cused upon the deficiency.
Biggs Beports on Teachers.
Advance sheets of the state school re
port have been given out by Slate Su
perintendent Rlggs, and it is shown that
there are fewer male teachers in Iowa
than last year, and that the number of
female teachers have Increased 338 dur
ing the year. The average monthly wage
of the women instructors has increased
from $32.60 to $36.51 during the past
twelvemonth. It is pointed out that
there are 10,000 more teachers than there
are rooms and the cost of supporting
the schools this year is about a quarter
of a million dollars more than It was In
1903. Following is a summary of school
statistics for 1904 and 1903:
Hems compared. 190.1.
Number of rural schools 12.472
Rooms in town and city
schools 6,262
Whole number of school
rooms 18,734
Average number of days
taught 160
Number of schoolhouass 1.1.968
Value of schoolhouses.j:0,389,505
Schoolhousea built dur
ing t tie year 225
Schoolhouses with flags. 6,308
Pupils between live and
21 years 721.4S6
Pupiis of the ages of
seven to 14. Inclusive.. 3S7.9!1
Puiiiis enrolled In school
Average daily attend
ance 35S. ICS
Averaso. number enroll
ed per teacher 28
Average daily attend
ance per room
Average menthly tui
tion per pupil $ 2.18
Male teachers employed 3,733
Female teachers em
ployed 2.".r,,'i4
Total different teach
ers employed 211,287
Average monthly com
pensation, males 45.90
Average monthly, com
pensation, females $ 32.90
Teachers needed for the
schools 19.360
Schools teaching ef
fects Of stimulants 1,,922
Male teachers enrolled
iu normal Institutes... 1,478
Kema'.e teacheis en
rolled In normals 16,771
Expended for normal in
stitutes $ 68,526
Number of volumes In
libraries 612,778
Average compensate) n
county supeVnt nd'ntaf i -'tts
1904.
12.492
6,451
10,059
161
1J.95S
21,832,042
189
6,060
722,361
387,378
545,940
372,023
28
19
2.18
3,606
26,019
29.625
t 48.24
t 35.51
19,717
18,220
1,567
19,966
( 54,679
714,492
t .
t 1,272
1 Puld for teacher.-
sal-
6.242.926 .
For all other purposes.
.1 4,042,063 I 4,1
Total amount exp'ndid.tl0,284,tn $10,696,693
Plan 1005 State Fair.
Great plans are being made by the
siaie department of agriculture for next
l year's state fair, and in addition to the
1 swino pavilion, steel grand stand and
; - J ' - 1 ---i,n ttnn 'niildinir ' t M trnMMA
' to judiciously spend $16,000 from the cash
i on hand in the treasury: Iowa swino
breeders have raised a n'rotest against
i the treatment which they have been
j accorded by the management. The
breeders say that in view of the im-
mensity Of the industry the prizes of-
lered should be much larger.
Ames Wins Judging Content.
Iowa wins at the Internationa." Live
Btoch exposition.' This announcement
has just been received from Chicago,
where the last exposition was held.
Hronze statues of a horse and steer ver
offered tor hcrse, cattle, sheep and hos
Judging, iowa agricultural college. o
Anus, whose students were under tha
direc tion of Prof. Cttrtiss, carried the
first honor in the horse judgingjeontest,
and thus covered their school and them
telvca With glory, A Canadian institu
tion won second place with Iowa's rival.
the Michigan agricultural college, con-
tenting itielfwith the third ribbon. The
siici (km ui Iowa team w as made up of E.
1 B. Thomas , lames L. Cutter..). D. Askby,
J. A. McLean. It. K. Dliss and C. R. Scott
The brome statue of s horse, was award
I ed the victorious youths as a trophy of
I their skill.
lOWaa in High Position.
WilPt M. Hays, late of Ames college,
i has been appointed to t he posil ion of as
sistant secretary of aa rieult tire at Wash
ington, and has left this state for the
capital. Prof. Hays how stands next to
Wilson, sec retary cf agriculture, who is
Iso an Iowa man. and lias almost
i rea,.llp,i tn, zonlth of his career. Less
than 20 years ago Prof. Hays did chores
at AmPg ann- nls risc has been of the
j meteol.jr variety.
WHEEL THAT ABSORBS HEAT
Invention of Englishman That Solves
Auto Difficulty Cost of Tires
Reduced to Minimum.
I London,
I Robinson.
-If the invention of a Mr.
of Beccles, proves, under
more extended tests, to be what he
thinks it is. it would seem that motor
ists will owe him a vote of thanks. Every
motorist knows that practically two
thirds of the cost of the sport is in tha
tires, and as it has so far proven impos
sible to use solid tires because of ihe
fact that in high speed cars the friction
of the wheel with the road created a suf
ficient heat 10 contract the wheels an
allow the tire to run off. motorists hav
been at the mercy of the pneumatic tin
as being the only thing that would stand
the strain and meet all reetilrements
Mr. Robinson claims to have invents
a specially constructed wheel that in it
self offers sufficient resiliency and is si
adjusted with springs as to take up ai
heat contraction due to high spe
thus Dermittlng the use of solid tire:
either steel or rubber. Mr. 'Knbinsoi
elf res he has a special set ofi'tiis wh
on a nine horse-power car.an$ had
a distance of more than !.00OttilPV( a
speed of 50 miles an hour without the
tires requiring the slightest attention.
here is 15 cents an hour, at home it Is IS
10 25 cents; but our workmen's superior
quickness evens this. Since we adopted
French designs, beginning where they
left off. we have been in a fair way to
surpass them.
We build 400 ears at once, on the
chance of prospective orders, while the
French build one at a time, following or
ders. The present demand her and at
home is for high powered cars."
Many men delight to play the heavy
swell in a uniform that Is gaudy and
cheap.
1
r
I
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