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LU UI IANA POPULISI.
aubscription $1.00 Per Year. There is No Free Country, Unless the People Rule ' Price VOI. IV NATCHITOCHES, LA., MACH 11. 1898. N 7. IL~ /mm PUBLIC OWNERSHIP. OP RAILROADS AND MUNICI PAL UTILITIES. Ienator Allen's Statistics of Foreign allroads as Glven to the Senate Brtifllat Success of Public Ownership of Street Railaways n Glasgow. Senator Allen of Nebraska in a speech delivered in the United States senate, gave a list of governments who own, or partly own their railways as follows: The Argentine Republic owns 620 miles of railway. Five-sixths of the railways of Australia belong to the various colonial governments. In Austria-Hungary about 40 per cent of the mileage is owned and about ?3 per cent is operated by the state. Three-fourths of the mileage of Bel Sium is owned and operated by the state. The state owns one-fourth of the total mileage of Brazil and does one-half of the entire railway mile age of the country. In Canada one tenth of the mileage is owned and con trolled by the government. One-half of the railways of the Cape of Good Hope, of English South Africa, is own ed by the government. In Columbia the railways have been subsidized by the government with the understand ing that at a certain period they will become government property. Den mark owns and controls three-fourths of the total mieage of her railways. Egypt owns and operates its railways. In France the railways are ultimately to become the property of the govern ment. They have a mixed system of state and private ownerships. Ninety per cent of the railway mileage of Germany is owned by the government. In England, by the act of 1844, it was provided that the government should have the right to acquire any railroad constructed with its aid, of purehasing the same fqr a sum equal to twenty ive years of annual divisible profits estimated on the annual profits for three years preceding the date of pur chase. A part of the railways of Greece are owned by the government. Gusts mala owns and operates a part of her railway system, Holland owns one-half of her system. Two-thirds of the rail ways of India belong to the govern ment. In Mexico the charters granted to all railways contain a provision by which all shall revert to the govern mept in fifty years from the date cif the charter. . The roads of Nicaragua are owned by the government. Norway's. rail. ways are owned by the government and so are Paraguay's. Thirty-eight per cent of the mileage of Portugal is owned by the government, and the Itas provide that all railways shall revert to the government in 99 years. In Russia the government owns and operates 40 per cent of the mileage. .The railway mileage of Turkey belongs to private companies, but Turkey is the sick man. The municipal ownership of street gatlways has proved successful in many instances. The latest success has been achieved in Glasgow. It was in July. ,1894, that the city declared its ainde pendence of the companies that leased its alts. Mr. B. O. Flower says in the Ne8, Time that the inception of the wattlre was looked upon with some dobt, He arrmtes :he circumstances wlith le ap to it as follows: "the las would probably have been reSIwed if tIe company had treated its ivrants witairea ter consideration. Aist sisaithrs' long bours and low W gi ledthe men to strike, and be 'AO the struggle war over a strong 04? : Of pulIfe opinion was crested in 5iior ot muutcipaltlng the tram trnamlle t ;.itle I tat opportunty. eiclty oxtended its lines, reduced ti a* e te rturas have fully justi Viase that was taken. From Sto June, 1898, the city elear 000,000 above all expenses. ieaeednt resta the samoOnt t e sesuc was moe than iJ t is now thse employe are s the fares are greatly re cth chas been wonder the lines have been ex 4id,.ate t pubic has been bent U~~iiufc~us by the change. Glas e eatalnly accomplished great Vn ' l ho example could be fol urofit by other eltiew." 3,,ITORIAL COMMENT. 1I~thgug dqS8lIte has beeL heard p ~ a sof the Trea3try Gages D u. . .,wijsi Oompers, eigarmaker, oettet on the eila the uas dvocated by Mr. i, siona t psa-tner. Mt MO Tainmany and othet ew ho wth my can to de I theyople. It'tm I put+ aay tret • . e..,', b.& .+ +# +- . . .. • ++ newspapers, is certainly a measure which will serve the interests of plu tocracy. Le us see how many so-called free silver senators v for it. "Imperative man, means that when executive and l:dlicial officials are unfaithful to their trusts they may be removed by a popular vote. We are not suffering from acute business depression. It has become chronic. The Nebraska State Journal, pluto cratic, says, editorially: "Every psy chologist knows that when you employ a man in resultless labor, you destroy within him all ambition and hope and make him a wretched slave. It is not necessary to cite particulars, for the proposition has been scientifically demonstrated." Perfectly true. Yet the whole influence of the Journal is on the side of a social system in which the trusts and monopolies absorb the lion's share of all wealth produced, and in which the masses will be con demned to resultless labor. All the land between London and Liverpool-a distance of 200 miles- legally belongs to six men, whose only claim to it is that they are the oldest sons of their fathers.-Commonwealth. The same men own still more land in the United States, and the sons and daughters of a great many Americans will work for the benefit of their oldest sons. Organized labor is waking up. Presl dent Gompers of the American Federa tion of Labor wired the following to the Rocky Mountain News: "The plans for our political action in the interest of labor are only in a tentative state at present. The American Federation of Labor proposes, however, to take such political action as will compel the lawmakers, the executives and the ju diciary to enact, to enforce and to de fine laws in the interest of our people. We shall elcc: our own representatives wherever possihble, and at all times de feat the enemies of our cause irrespec tive of party. To achieve these pur poses, however, we realize that it is necessary for the workers of our coun ery, east, west, north and south, to unite and concentrate our entire efforts to attain the greatest success." And one of their cardinal principles, it should be remembered, is free coinage. Further than this, the platform of the American Federation of Labor is prac tically the same as the People's party platform. The President says: "I speak not of forcible annexation (of Hawaii), for that cannot be thought of," but of those "who come of their own free will to merge their destines in our body politic." Now it has been proved that only two per cent of the adults of Hawaii are permitted to vote, and not all of these are for annexation. No test by direct vote has ever been talk ed about, but so far as can be known, an annexation proposition voted upon bp all adult white and Hawaiian males would be "snowed under." On the other band annexation would probably earrn ly, about tento one in Cuba; but no one connected with this administra tion speaks up for Cuba. Corporations do not pay high wages simply becanse they are able to. In Detroit street car employes can get 25 cents per hour with three-cent car fares, and in Cleveland 21 cents an hour with five-cent fares. In an article i) the North American Review for December, Robert P. Por ter recommends that the Home and Farm Inquiry be excluded from the census report of 1900. His excuse for so doing is that it will cost $1,500,000. While it may be expensive, it is money well spent. The report on homes and farms, In the census of 1820 has been the means of educating the people on the real condition of the masses. This is the real reason why an attempt will be made to exclude it from the next report. The expense plea is simply a dodge. A bill to make the census de ,prttment permanent will be introduced in this session of Congress. All voters should write to their senators and rep resentative" requesting them to see that the Msme and Farm inquiry is included in be list. The backwoods philosopher, Bige I ddy, says: "It is enough to discour age a man engaged in the production of the necessaries of life to see the gang he has to provide for, who are no use to themselves or any one else. I am gog to quit. If I ever produce any more grub Ill be blessed if I don't eat it.'" ho Nighbly haelual ~mrpls. I lTh. p61 reserve Ia the treasury is at high water mark, whp at there is rejletag among a oartaln set of peo pise I am oae of thlit, says the editor of the. Appeal to Reason. i like to see the country drained ot all its gold and oltr money and have it held in the national treasury. This helps the corn. ir on masey. It we coild somehow rsp at .oe tI the natonal treas -irfl there would lbe nhol at all in of teadt waat a good I bt the re is so mud* siole w tht fl Is ., LIKE HEROD1) OF OLD. IMPERIALISM REIGNS AT THE WHITE HOUSE. The Hosti of Plutocracy Make High Jinks at the Expense of the People What the Ladies Wore-A National Disgrace. The capital is itself again. Our Re publican court has cast aside the trap pings and the suits of woe and appears in sables. Let the devil wear black! as the Prince of Denmark explained, Mourning after the manner of royal courts is at an end. Our mighty chief magistrate agrees with the prince's mother-"but to persevere in obstinate condolement is a course of impious stubbornness." Shine out, fair sun! On with the dance! It was a great function, the first of the McKinleys' high jinks, the gayety that banished official mourning. It was resplendent. Were there sighs in Cuba? They were not heard in the heavily perfumed salons of the executive man sion. Were cotton operatives suffer ing in New England? Let them eat cake if they cannot get bread. It was a time for brocades and satins, not for prints, and it signalized prosperity. There was no Jeffersonian simplicity. The scene was one of more than im uerial splendor. The vulgar herd was excluded. None but our "best people" were permitted to bask in the bright effulgence of the sun of Canton. But yesterday that demigod was in the hands of a receiver, so to speak. He couldn't meet his obligations and a local newspaper was crying aloud for a popular subscription in his behalf. But Hanna's broad shoulder was put to the wheel and the stalled McKinley was, like Richard. himself again. The Marine band, erstwhile by gov ernment command at a horse show, burst into triumphant strains as the presidential party, whose coming was announced by a bugle call and, pre ceded by two flunkeys in the uniform of United States officers, entered the reception room. The period of mourn-= ing was over-of financial mourning particularly. The "first lady of the land," we are assured by administra tion Jenk!nses, wore a dream of a gown, the lace vest of which sparkled with diamonds. What a blissful change from the day when the major couldn't meet his notes! Jenkins advises us also that it was the most brilliant reception ever held in the White House. We may readily believe the assertion from a descrip tion of the gowns. The terms may not be intelligible, but the impression is therefore all the more dazzling. For instance: "Mrs. Hobart's gown was worthy of a queen's drawing room. It was of white bengaline. trimmed about the skirt with white ostrich tips, aigrets of which ran from the left side at the waist line across the front to the hem. A splendid aigret sparkling with dia monds ornamented the left breast or the low-neck corsage, while a diamond star fastened the aigret on her head. A double necklace of strands of im -ense soltaires and pearl completed the costume. She carried a white os trich teather fan." And the treasury was there': "Mrs. Gage wore a splendid direc toire kown of cerise velvet that made her look as though she had just stepped out of a painting. Down the left slad from the waist was a wall of Troy de sign in brilliants, each section fastened with a sparkling buckle of brilliants. The ostrich tip algrets on the left ;breast and in the hair were fastened with a diamond star. A necklace of diamonds completed the costume." And for those citizens of Ameria who fancy this sort of thing what ha piness in the assurance conveyed by Mark Hanna's recent dispatch, omi ting the audacious and egotisical b!as phemy, "The Republican party still lives!" POINTS PROM THE Pl'ESS. Tell us the difference between Cleve land's hard time and panics and Mc Kinley's prosperity and reduction in wages.-Silver Knight-Watchman. Suicides ,occur among a people who do not have firesides oftener than any where else, or under all circumstance... It is seldom that the occupant of ; good home, who, feels there is no claim upon it, commits suicide. A home is . place to quiet nerves; it is next to heaven in its infiuence.-Colusa Sun. The most troublesome problem b- fore the country now is that of th unemployed. Roving hands of idlI men are moving about from place to place preying on their fellows because they have nothing of their own and to use. Despair \ and pauperism are growing, burglary is frequent, larceny is common, and men and women who once had no need to take thought of the morrow are now driven by want into disdsipation aSl crlme.-Toape Advocaste. The work of evastating and al-mos exterminating the forests. of ~he'1Ited States gees on at rate so Mapid . • r, ,r'J- d ../' CP4.1 "CI w' W'"",* •' .. to see the end. Under such circum stances, it would be a better policy to offer a bounty for the importation of Canadian lumber than to shut it out altogether with a prohibitory tariff. Yolo Democrat. It is beginning to dawn upon Mark Hanna that he is not the "wbnle thing;" that "there are others."--Grand Rapids Chronicle. In 1894 the Department of the In terior paid the Bell Telephone Com pany an average (including salary of woman operator) of $75 to each 'phone. The department put in a system of its own, 140 lines connecting scattered buildings in Washington, and the cost to the department now (including extra electrician and help) is only $10.25 per 'phone. Still the capitalists tell us there is no economy in public owner ship.-Social Democrat. The percentage of bank failures to all banks was 1.06 in 1896, before "con fidence" was restored and in the .b sence of "General Prosperity," but af ter "confidence and "General Prosper ity" were fairly Installed in 1897 the percentage increased to 1.25.--San Francisco Star. Gage has not ventured an answer to Gompers. We are curious to see what reply he can make to the strong argu ment of Gompers. Of course it would be simply predictions and empty phras es about "sound money," "safe cur rency," "national honor," etc. How ever, let us have a response.-Silver Knight-Watchman. Money cannot buy honor in the ad ministration of public affairs as long as the administration of public affairs is for the secure division of the dis honorably gotten spoils of labor.-The People. The results which the senatorial election in Ohio has thus far had, in spire the belief in certain minds that popular election of members of the upper house of Congress will be has tened thereby. Our own opinibn is quite the contrary. The debauchery and corruption inseparable from the present system of choosing United States senators merely recommend it to the exploiters of the people. The men who run our political machines know that as long as the present sena torial election system prevails they can hope to retain control of the sen ate. Allow the people to elect the sen ators and there is a possibility that men of the Hanna type may be defeat ed. Consequently, the flanciers and the corporations will insist upon the main tenance of things as they are. The more corrupt and debasing an institu tion is, the more likely it is to survive among us.-Twentieth Century. It is also objected that a certain class will not work, if given an oppor tunity, but we believe that there are few indeed who will not do enough work to earn food and shelter; and we at least do our part when we give the opportunity. Governor Pingree's ex periment in Detroit certainly proves that a very great percentage of the un employed will seize hold of the offer to work for food. The stronkest point the governor made was that it made independent men and women of them. -Colusa Sun. Lucinda B. Chandler says: "Oh, for an impulse that shall revive the spirit of '76, that shall renew and strengthen our loyalty to the principles which, in the Declaration of Independence, were made the germ of our national exist ence." We have it, Lucinda. It has come in the shape of injunctions. Peoria Labor Gazette. An umtralIan Experiment. Premier Reid, of New South Wales, Australia, did not favor the partial adoption of the single tax in that state, but he now speaks very heartily in its favor and is in favor of its future ex tension. He says there are 124,000 land-owners, of which 88,000 pay no land tax at all, and the remainder paid $1,300,000 last year, which they were exceedingly able to do, and will pay more hereafter. This $1,300,000 is equal to $1 per capita of all the people, but is $35 per capita for the large land holders, or holders of valuable lands, the owners of ordinary farms and homes coming within the exemption. In this way it has virtually the effects of a graduated income tax, but is more cheaply alnd certainly collected than an income tax, and no part of it Is shifted to labor.-Topeka Advocate. Humbag of Free Seed. This ridiculous extravagance has gradually enlarged itself from a mod eat beginning until it now represents an expenditure of $130,000, that be ing the sum called for in the agricul tural bill before the present congress. There is as much reason why the gov ernment should furnish farmers with their agricultural implements or their domestic'animals as there is for this free distribation of seeds. We know of nothitg in the written or unwrit tenlaw of the land which suggests, even Indirectly, such aT custoal. It is psterua a tn Its mort v-tcdta P4 -awil~ j~tg HANNA PROSPERITY. FACTS FROM A WEEK'S NEWS PAPER FILES. This Is Another Hard Winter-- educ tions of Wages Together with In creased Prices for Goods Show That the Trusts Are Supreme. Do you hear the children weeping, 0, my brothers, Ere the sorrow comes with years? They are leaning their young heads against their mothers And that cannot stop their tears. The lambs are bleating in the mead ows; The birds are chirping in the nest, The fawns are playing in the shadows, The flowers are blooming toward the west But the young, young children, 0, my brothers, They are weeping bitterly. They are weeping in the playtime of the others, In the country of the free. -Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Overseer Schmidt, of Davenport, Ia., had a Christmas celebration for poor children to whom Santa Claus is indeed a myth. He figured on entertaining 200 children, or so: about 600 came, and the result was that hundreds had to go away with practically nothing. Owing to the increase of child labor in New York state, the percentage of children attending the public schools has fallen from 76.5 of the school pop ulation in 1851 to 57.8 in 1891. The annual death roll in the United States is 800,000 persons, of whom 500,000 are children under 5 years of age, the high death rate among the childred being due, physicians say, to lack of proper nourishment, clothing, shelter, etc. Lait year, in New York city alone, nearly 2,000 babies were found in ash barrels, areaways, vaults, etc. The wholesale reductions in wages that so startled the mill hands through out New England last month continue without any abatement. In Maine it is estimated that no less than 20,000 operatives will be affected by the re ductions, which in most cases amount to 10 per cent, and in one case affecting 2,000 men near Lewiston, reach 15 per cent. Mr. Dingley, of tariff bill fame, is largely interested in mills in Maine and he is uttering the usual platitude about currency agitation. Throughout Massachusetts the wage reductions are going steadily on and, although the men are very much inclined to protest, they recognize that they have little to do but submit. The steel trust has advanced the price of steel structural material one dollar a ton. It also reduced wages a month ago 10 per cent. But reductions in wages are usually accompanied by rises in price. Thus the department stores of our large cities are warning 'their customers that prices are steadily rising and that purchasers ought to hasten to buy now in order to save money. That great aid good man, John Wanamaker, continually warns the public, in his flaring advertise ments, that the prices of textile goods are on the rise and that they will be on the rise for a good while to come. But, at the same time, we hear of noth ing but 10 and 15 per cent reductions in wages in the textile mills of New England. There is a profound incon sistency in this situation. Why should wages go down if the prices of the products of labor are mounting sky ward? The answer to the riddle is that prices are increasing only in those lines of goods the manufacture of which is controlled by trusts, and which the new tariffl has given a mon opoly of the home market, These same trusts, while raising the price of their goods, can reduce wages because of the great surplus of labor seeking employment. This army of idle men would not exist if farm products were selling at prices to enable the farmers to consume a normal amount of manu factured goods. The single gold stand ard causes a world-wide reduction in prices of farm products; American far mers are, therefore, compelled to re strict their consumption on manufac tured goods; this throws vast numbers of people out of work; but the tariff and trust trick enables the millionaire to actually raise the prices of their. products, in the face of the general fall of prices, and at the same time to reduce wages. This is the necessary result of MeKinleyism. A correspondent who has made a personal investigation of the state of the principal industry of Danbury, Conn., the hat trade, finds it greatly misrepresented by a Danbury paper. He says: "TWithout attempting more than the briefest hotice of these deceptive re ports, it will not be dimcnlt to show to the dhllut amind that snie one as hem telliua1tt sat ha . Wa !ar. ample, we are told that one hatting firm are doing their usual amount of business, but we are NOT told that their shop is only running FOUR days a week, and that the prices paid for labor preclude their help making living wages. Then, according, to the report of this concern, their chief business seems to consist in futures, prospects, speculations and hopes of the highly inflated order. "Another concern is reported as hav ing duplicate orders, and with pros pects all right for a busy winter trade. Yet we are informed that since this report was published the concern has been shut down for THREE WEEKS. One firm report themselves as catering for something, establishing agencies and employing agents, but their help report business at this place as 'duller at the present time than for three or four years past.' Another firm, report ed as having a very good season, are at this writing shut down 'as tight as a drum.' Still another concern said to have been busy all the fall and still busy on certain lines, are reported as paying such miserably low prices that their hat-makers cannot get more than SIX dollars a week out of it. Then the working hatters complain that prices have been cut so that it is al most impossible to exist on the wages they receive, and when questioned about the business repeat the stereo typed expression, 'Hatting is no good.' This frequently heard expression ac centuates the fact that a large number of working hatters and others are ID sore straits." SAYINGS OF THE WISE. The time is ripe, and rotten-ripe, for change; Then let it come; I have no dread of what Is called for by the instinct of man kind; Nor think I that God's world will fall apart Because we tear a parchment more or less. -James Russell Lowell Polluting the flag is a thousand times worse than pulling it down.-Altgeld. In every country the nation is in the cottage, and if the light of your legis' lation does not shine in there, your statemanship is a failure and your sy tem is a mistake.-Canon Farrar. Judges are but men, and in all ages have shown a fair share of frailty. Alas! alas! ;he worst crimes of his tory have been perpetrated under theL sanction. The blood of martyrs and of patriots, crying from the ground, sum mons them to judgment.--Charles Sumner. Man-made statutes are valid only ce far as they conform to the law of na ture. Equal freedom 'is impossible it privileges are made legal. Where privi. lege is, there democracy cannot be. The only mission of democracy is to abolish privilege and restore freedom.-C. J. Buell. The Irish famine was not a true fa mine arising from scarcity of food. It was what an English writer styled the Indian famine-a "financial famine," arising not from scarcity of food, but from the poverty of the people.,-Henry George. So long as people refuse to think, so long as they chuckle in selfish glee when they see "the other fellow" bur dened the same as themselves, or pos sibly a little heavier, so long as they do not strive for an understanding ,f first principles of taxation and good government, just so long'do they de serve to suffer under the iron heels ol their masters, the politiciana,-John W. Ettel. The Heritage of Al Thus saith the Lord: "You weary Met With prayers, and waste your own short years! Eternal truth you cannot see Who weep and shed your sight is tears; In vain you wait and watch the skies No better fortune thus will fall! Upon your knees, I bid you rise, And claim the earth for all. "Behold in bonds your mother earth, The rich man's prostitute and slave; Your mother earth, that gave you birth, You only own her for a grave; And you will die like slaves and see Your mother left a fettered thrall? Nay! live like men and set her free As heritage for all'" -Gerald Masey. i hen the World Grow ltair. I tell you this for a wonder, that no man shall then be glad Of his fellow's fall and mishap to snatch at the work he had Then all mine and all thine shall be ours, and no more shall any man crave For riches thbat serve for nothing but to fetter a friend for a slae. For all these shall be ours and all men's, nor shall any lack a share Of the toil and the gain of living Infa tl days wbe~ are world rswa Mdr. ,. '' .. . " .mullMw~, ltf