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order, report, decree, concession, denounce ment, died, pateut, dUeno, map, espediente or part of ou espediente, title-paper, or writ ten evidence of right, title, or claim to luuds, mincrrls or mints in the Slate of California, knowing the sume to be false, forged, altered, or counterfeited, or any falsely dated petition, certificate, order, report, decree, concession, denouncement, deed, patent, confirmation, di seño, map, espediente or part of en espedieute, title-paper, ur written evidence of right, title, or claim to lauds, sames, r uiineruls in Cali fornia, kuowiug the same to be falsely dated or if any person .hall prosecute lu any court of the Uuited SUtes, by appeal or otherwise, any claim aguinst the United Suites for lands, mines, or minerals in California, or shall, after the passage of this act, continue to proseeuto uny claim now pending iu said courts against the United States lor lauds, mines, or miner als in California, which claim is (oiinded upon, or evidenced by any petition, certificate, order, report, decree, concession, denouncement, deed, patent, confirmation, diseño, map, espe diente or part of an espediente, title-paper, or writteu evidence of right, title, or claim, which lias been forged, altered, counterfeited, or falsely dated, the person so offending shall be deemed and adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor; and, ou convictson thereof, shall be sentenced to bo imprisoned uud kept at hard labor lor a period not less than three years, nor more thau ten years, and shall be fined not exceed ing ten thousand dollars. .Approved, May 18, 1858. chap.xliii. An Act to amend Act entitled "An Art to authorize the President of the United States to must to be mrrcytd the Tract of Land in tht Territory of Minnesota, belonging to the Half breeds or mixed Bloods of the Da eiitah or Sioux Nation of Indians, and for other Purposes," approved seventeenth July, eighteen hundred and fifty-Jour, Be it tnacled by the Senate und House of Representatives of the United Stales of Ameri ca tn Congress asseled, That the act appro ved seventeenth July, eighteen hundred mid lifty-four, above referred to, chapter eighty three, be, and the ..aiiio is hereby, amcuded, so that the body of land known as tho half breed tract, lying on the west sido of Luke Pepin add tho Mississippi River, in the Terri tory of Minnesota, and which is authorized to be surveyed bv the sail! net. nf ik'litwn him. dred ami fffty-four, shall besubject to the ope ration ni tnu laws regulating the sale nnd disposition of public lands ; and settlements heretofore made thereon are declared valid so far as they do not conflict with settlements jwile hy half-breeds nnd that thescttlcrs shall have tho lienefl't of the pre-emption laws of united Mates, any locution of half-breed scrip thereon, after the dato of the settlement, notwithstanding : 1'roaided, the declaration of pre-emption bo filed within threo months alter public notice is given of the passage Of this act in the proper land district : And pro- That when tsvo or more persons bare Mtled on tho same quarter section, prior to to the passage or tins act, they shall lie per mitted to enter the same, nnd the rights of each shall be determined according to the provisions of the act relating to pre-emptions, passed March thiid, eighteen lmudred and forty-three. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of this act shall not extend to any tract or subdivision, within the body of land aforesaid, which shall have been sell ltd upon in good faith hy, nnd is in the occupancy of, any ol the said liait breedsor mixed bloods; whu lands, to settled upon and occupied by the half-breeds, aro hereby expressly declared to be subject to no other disposition thun loco tion by the "certificates'' or "scrip'1 authorized to be issued by the said act of eighteen linn dred nnd fifty-four, lor the benefit of said I diuns. Nor shall the provisions of this net extend to any lauds which may have been lo cated prior to its passage with half-breed scrip, with the consent of the settlers thereon Approved, May 1?, IH58, CHAI'. XUV. An Act tn create a Lund District in the Terri tmy of Xiw Mexico. Be it etarJed by tht Senate and House of li'presentatwesoj the t inted Nates nj Ameri ca in Ctngrtss nisemlkd, That the public lands in the territory of .New Mexico, to which the Indian title shall have been extin guished, shall constitute a luiid district, to be called tha "District of New Mexico," the of lito lor which shall be established at such placo within said district us the Piesidcut way from time to time direct. Sec 2. And It it further enacted, That, for the purpose of cunyiug this act into effect, the President shall be, uud ho is hereby, au thorized to apiioiiil, by uud with tho advice and consent ot the Scnute, or during tho re cess llicjcof, it register and receiver for the district hereby cieatod, who shall bo required to reside at tlic site of the office, und whoso powers, duties, obligations, and responsibilities hall be the wiiuo us arc now prescribed by law for other laud officers, (so fur as they ap ply to.thcse cllie.crs.) Sr.c. S. And Le i' further enacted, Thut this , Act shall not tuke t fi'ect iu less than six months nfter its passage. Ajiprovtd, May 24, 1858, !e Cost of nnaticiom. The Legislature f Texas, at its last ses sion, passed the followiug act ; Sec, 1. lis it enacted by the Legislature of the State of T exas, Thattliofollowiogsums bo, and they are hereby appropriated lor the ns and support or the State Penitcutiary for the years 1868 and 1859. (After naming tho , various items, the law makes this furtltcr pro visiou.) "For purchasing and putting up ad-" ditionul machinery, $-8,000 : Provided thut mi part of the samo shall be expended in the Stale of Massachusetts, uor the machinery manufactured in laid Stato." SM FE WEEKLY GAZETTE IXDU'CJUIUT IX ALL THINGS! H HUT HAL 13t NOTHING SAMUEL M. YOST, EDITOR. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1851 TICAS OF THE rtFEB. PA TABU IS Al) TAHVK WITHOUT EXCETTÍOX. si bsc lip tioii, for onn rfnr for all months.,,. Fur llinw uionllii,, For lUigU ooplet,. .12 M ,. 1.50 .. 1.00 .. .10 ADVERTISING Flrit iniertlon pfr square , ,,,,,, 11.00 Noel) flulwiueut Inavrtlou ,,,.60 8- T IIiim w Im eonitltotu a "iiuro."-Si KJ Col. Douiivville ami Col. Collin, the Commander of thin Military Department, and the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, left this city on tho 14th lor Fort Defiance, to enter into peace negotiations with the Navajos ac cording to tho terms of the armistice which ends on Monday next. Wo doubt whether these commissioners arrive before the expira tion of the armistice, though have no doubt that if they do not it will be extended a rea sonable time for their arrival. We confident ly look for the consummation of a treaty of pence, We know Mr. Yost, the agent, has been using his efforts and influence to this end, believing tho Indians arc sufficiently humbled and humiliated before our arms and tho exhibi tion of our power, and that he now confidently expects a permanent and lasting peace to follow the war, 05r Since tho end of October wo have had regulnrly on Tuesday nnd Friday evening of every wi'ck a Concert at the Courthouse. We can not go to Niblo's or to the Italian Opera to admire Miss Piccolomini or hear Formes, but we can go to the courthouse and enjoy the choicest pieces of II Trovatore nnd La Traviata and ail other kind of good music so well discoursed by tho Band of the Third Regiment of Infantry for all of which wc owe great thanks to the Adjutant General of that Regiment, Mr. John D. Wilkins The leader of the bund, Mr. Francis Bauer, is a very talented ycung musician and shows great taste in arranging the pieces. The whole band indeed, deserve the highest cre dit for their zeal, great attention and perfect execution. 1 . . . We have remarked with pleasure that these concerts are crowded by our people, and hope they will be continued all the winter, IF The mail from Independence last week, on account of tho great fall of snow on this end of the route, did not arrive hero until Monday evening lust. Our postmaster, Mr. Whiting, consequently kept the outgoing mail back ono day waiting for the arrival of the mail still due, This was an accommoda tion to our merchants and business men, and wc understand that it was at their general request thuthe did so. i We are indebted to James Barry, Esq , Clerk of the United States District Court for the Second Judicial District, for a very voluminous communication giving tho entire proceedings of Judge Boone's recent special term of the Court at Taos, aud regret that we have uot room at present for more than a syn opsis of its contents. The court met and was organized on the 15th. On tho Kth the Grand Jury brought in one indictment for larceny nnd two for murder. Cardenas was acquitted by the Jury of larceny. Analla was acquitted of burglary. but ordered to remain in custody of the. sheriff until he gave bond in $1000 under another indictment. Several cases of long standing on the docket were nolle proscquied and others continued. Ou tho 18th tho Grand Jury presented one indictment for rape, one for ussault upon an officer and two for murder. Ou tho lflt'.i the jury In tho case of Ezra X. Del'cw, tried for the murder of Marcelino Vigil, returned a verdict of Not Guilty or Justifiable Homicide Ou the 20th the Grand Jury returned a true bill against the Catholic Priest Peter John Monnicnmfor the murder of Priest K. M. Abel, in the church at Moro by poisoning. The Grand Jury having brought into court several other udietments for crimi nal offenst'sof various grades, were discharged from further duty. On the 23rd the murder cuso of Ortega was continued. On the 25th Martinez was by the jury found uot guilty of murder. Tho court adjourned sine die after a scsjqn of ten days. The cases that excited the most interest wcro those of the Territory vs. E. N. pcPcw' and vs. Priest Peter John Mounicum. " Mr, Barry sends us the charge to the jury in the lutter case, in which the Judf,e appears to review the cntiro evidence adduced upon the trial. The deceased and tho prisoner at the bar were at the lime of the poisoning, 8rd of August hist, both officiating clergymen of the Catholic church ot Moro in ílihl diocese. '"' The former, father Abel, upon "his deathbed per sisted in accusing the prisoner as his murderer, after having been repeatedly warned by on( of the witiiís-w of the importance of such an I accusation, lie bottle of ite .containing the fatal pdsaa was that nsed at the , Holy Sacrament r in saying mass at the altar, and the dyig priest deolared that no one but biuself and tha accused had or comd haveacccss to the wine : it was es tablished, honjver, that though this was very probably true, the contrary was possible. So fixed did the' belief appear to n in father Abel that faier Mounicaowasbis murderer, that when tie latttr was suggested as the priest to offiiiate at the deathbed, the former replied that he "did not want his wurderer to administei to him" that he "did not want Momiiram'siiomcUbe mentioned tohim t-for that tie person who had poisoned him Ivaii unfit tcadminister the sacrament. " The evidence was entirely circumstantial, aud wo understand that iu theopinion of most persons who lieard tie trial, it wag not at all conclu sive of the fuilt of the prisoner, whom the Jury after a ihort absence fouud not guilty by the following verdict " Nosotros, los miem bros del peqiefio urndo, unánimemente halla mos sin culpa ai ,aeusaao. " To thk Edito or the Santa Fe GazittE ' It is niy( intention to leave this Territory for Washington on Monday next, the 20th hist,, on leave duly granted by the proper au thority, an) during my absence the , office has been fllaced under the charge of David Y, Whiting) JSsqr., who will be acting Surveyor General until tho return of the Surveyor Gen eral. WM. PELHAM, Santa Fe, N. M. ' ' ' " Surveyor Gcn'l. Dec. 18th, 1858. J .... ; . , ' ! r Sttrurnor encml Pell) curt. ; .' . The following joint resolutions of the Gene ral Assembly of thisTcrritory were introduced into tho Senate on the 11th instant, nnd passed their final reading in the House of Represen tatives and were adopted on the 14th. They contain a very haudsome compliment to Gen. Pelham as a man and au officer, one the more appreciated on the account of its bcingentire ly unsought by him, but wholly voluutary on the part of the members of the Legislature. Freambk and Joint Resolutions of the Gene ral Assembly of the Territory of New Mexi co, passed December 14, 1858.' Whereas, the people of New Mexico are! Well pleased with the rectitude and integrity of William Pelham, Surveyor General of New Mexico, as well as his ability to discharge the duties of his office ; aud, Whereas, wo have heard with pleasure that the said William Pelham has been reappointed Surveyor Gene ral of this Territory by the President of the United States Therefore, Bt it Resolved by the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of New Mexico, That the Sen ate of the United States is hereby respectfully memorialized to confirm the appointment of the said William Pelham as Surveyor General of New Mexico. Be it furthtr Rtsoked, That the Secretary of the Territory is hereby instructed to trans mit one copy of this Preamble and Joint Reso lutions to the President of the United States and another to the President of the United States Senate. LAFAYETTE HEAD, President of the Senate. JOSÉ GUADALUPE GALLEGOS, 1 Speahr of the Ho. of Beps. l, Señor Juan Bautista Vigil y Alarid is now in the city. This gentlemen was left in charge of the Government, in this city, when General Armijo left here to meet aud resist the advance of the American army in 1846, and on the (light of Armijo and the entrance of General Kearney into Santa Fo on the 18th August, he formally surrendered the capital to our arms. He was connected with the G o vernment for a long time and in various capa cities before its acquisition by the United States. Señor Vigil y Alarid has placed us under obligations to him for a lot of periodi cals and pamphlets in Spanish, from which we shall from time to time select the most interesting extracts for our Spanish readers. ,;' " - IS. We observe that in the official returns of the recent election for Governor in Massa chusetts, the following remarkable vote was the result at the town of South Danvers one that would not probably again occur in a million of chances : - ' Beach, democratic candidato . 444 Banks, black "republican" candidate ' 444 Lawrence, ."American" candidate 444 ' Genera Tom Thumb is in Manchester) England.,,, ; .,")',',.;' The trold production from Australia this year Dp to the middle of August is $28.000,- 000.. : , , . - jlr Rowott of England, has offered to lay a rone-covered electric wire between Valencia and New t oundianatortne sum or $ibu,uuu, It is i currently reported that the British Government Till shortly isssue a pardon to Thomas F. Meagher, the Irish exile. - ' Editorial Cormpondonc. "Jrom tl)e 0c of tl)t Jfaooio tOor. '' Fori Defiance, N. M., ) ' December 3rd, 1858.) The Indians are complying with the terms of the armistice as fast as thy can. The term expires on the 20th inst., by which time, doubtless, everything will be ready to conclude a treaty of amity and pcaee which will prove lasting and' permanent. Yesterday they bronghtin 15 animals 10 mules and 5 horses which they had taken from the garrison. A few days after the granting of the armis tice the principal chiefs met and elected as their head chief a young man of intelligence and wealth, named Herrera. Siuce that they have, been busily engaged in hunting op our animals. The Indians continue to come in every day The most effecting and pitiful appeals are made to our sympathies and clirietinn and hu mane impulses. Old Zarcillos Largos, who is the war chief, embraced the knees of Col Miles and plead in the name of the cross for peace. His wife wringing her hands as if in distress and the tears streaming down her checks, embraced the Colonel and the agent, and prayed for the sake of the women and children, for pity's sake, and for the sake of God and the"light of day," to give them peace. While their appeals could not fail to touch the tenderestsympathicsof the heart, the response had to be to them that the terms were known to them upon which peace would be grautcd, and that they must be complied with. Every thing the Indians can do will be done. These Indians live nnder a radical Demo cracyor rather a ". nera tiemocracie," as Do Tocnueville expresses it. There is a want of concentrated power. Every man has his voice in the nation's affairs, as well as the women ; aud hence there will be much diffi culty for tho chiefs with whom we have to trca t to enforce their own wishes or get from the ragamuffin and pcluse anything which such characters may possess. But I am convinced of the good faith of the chiefs of their hu mility and perfect willingness to meet the demands of the commander of the expedition The tribe is now much scattered in consequence of the war. At least two thousand of them are down with Saudoval, who, under the guise of friendship and peaeo, harbors those against whom we are warring, who íleo to his band. Mirny .ot thivthefts charged against these Indians, havo been committed by San doval's people. Not one theft charircd to these bands out of ten is committed by them. Sandoval's people do it, as Is well known by every intelligent man in the Rio Abajo, and then a bill is brought in against these batida, because forsooth the blindness of certain offi cials enable them to acquit without hearing this old reprobato without even a suspicion I would rather at auy time rely upon any man in tho Navajo nation than Sandoval who, I believe to be the most consummate hypocrite in the tribo. For tht Panta F Guctto. illccting of (Eitijttii at SUburqturqne! At a largo meeting of the citizens of Albur- qucrque held at the Atlantic aud Pacific Rail road Hotel on Thursday, December t)th, 1808, Judge W. I . Uoono was called to the chair Hon. 8. M. Buird arose and having cxplvinei the object of the meeting, the following offi cers were proposed and appointed : Judge VV. F. Boone, President, lion. S. M, Uaird, L J. Rose, ' Gillam Buley, Vice-Presideuts. Cristobal Armijo, Rafaol Armijo, Wm. R. Havacan. W. L. Lacos, J- Secretaries. Diego Armijo, I , committee on resolutions, E. M. Jones S, P. Warwick W. C.Frceze J Iledgcpeth W. R. Buley - Ed. Branford R. H. Ewings ' H. M. Brown . T. R. Hedgepeth L.Perkins Wm. Mantle C.P.Davis Salvador Armijo J. C. Armijo Bradford Cove Ambrosio Armijo Nestor Armijo - í rancisco Pcrea Julian Tenorrio Juan Perea Salvador Sanche F. L. Russ F. Huning Wm. Ayrcs Wm. Marshall Boone M. H . t itzgerald T.Burke J. B, Swain S Rosenstein John Udell N. R. Bunton Muuuel Garcia J. Holland " - -- Daley Nicolas Armijo J. D. Smith Henry Carpenter ' Julian Martin Charles Huning. ' The committee retired and drafted the fol lowing resolutions : " ' ' Whereas, the emigrante to California whi passed through this place last summer on the Alburquerque route were intercepted and at tacked on their way at the Rio Colorado by tho Mohave Indians and robbed ot nearly their property, a portion of them brutally mur. dcred, the balance being reduced to tha neces. nity of returning to this place ih a starving aud nearly naked condition ; and wnerons, has proved unsafe and impracticable to pass through on said route with the United States mail in consequence of the hostility of said Indians ; aud whereas, the mail party which recently started from Alburanerque toNeoshoj have also been brutally murdered by the Kio wasand Comanche Indiana on the plains; and whereas tbe mail party from Neosho as well as Lieutenant Beato have foiled to come' through with his rood party and a strong es-- eort, aud are reported to have turned back in consequence of the hostility of said Indians ; and whereas, we are satisfied tnat tins is tue most practicable and shortest route for the' mail as well as railroad,' ana oeem its protec tion of paramount importan; ft is there-' fore liesolmd, That we are of tbe opiuiou that' there ought to be a strong military post placed without delay on the Colorado of the Wcsf the heart of the Mohave nation, wiiere Lieut. Bealc's route crosses said river, and another ou the Canadian in the heart of Vh: Comanche and Kiowa country on the Albur querque nnd Neosúo mail route. Resolved, That we are of the opinion that' these two posts sufficiently manned will be( adequate to keep said roof open aud safe for' the mail as well as emigrants, and that the establishment of said posts would be an act of justice due said emigrants, the region of conn- , try traversed by said route as wen as to inn Territory. Resolved. That we will use all nonoraoie means in our power to secure tbe speedy es tablishment of said posts. ' .' ' !i Resohtd. That we deeply sympathyze witn ' the emigrants who met with the sad misfor- : tune referred to on the Coloradoef the West, as well as with the friends of tho mail party murdered on their way from Alburquerque to Neosho. f - í .i ; RmM, That we earnestly request that the proceedings of this mooting lie published in the St. LouisMo. Renublican,the Washing ton Union, the New York Day Book, the San Francise Herald, the Pennsylvanian, and all othcrpnpen friendly to this Central Route, the cause ot humanity and the subjugation of the Indians. Resolved. That a copy of these resolutions with the proceedings of this mcetiig be sent to the lion. John if. i loyd, Secretary ot w ar, Hon. A. V. Brown, Postmaster General: to our Delegate in Congress, Hon. M. A. Otero ; Hon. John S. Phelps, Mo.; to Uol. . I: Hi. Bonneville, commanding the 9th Military De partment; to His Excellency the Hon. Abran Rcncher, Governor of New Mexico; to Col. L. Collins. Superintendent ef Indian Affairs of this Territory; to Joaquin Pcrea of Cali fornia; and to W.Z. Angney of ban rancisco,, California; and to Lieutenant E. V. Beall.. E. M. J0i ES, Un. (Jom- on iies.. 13DMX LUX. BY CAPTAIN JOHN S. TMt OF TEXAS. The chief of a band of Comanches usuatlr makes a talk to his people very early in the morning, imparting the news, and discussing its purport this is succeeded by his orders. When a change ot camp is contemplated, the women gather the animals, saddle aud. pack them. The lodges are taken down, aid. placed on animals. The men aud women ride after the same fashion. Very young children" are on horseback, at an age they would not be suffered to manage a horse, with us, mam inclosure. The point of destination is known, to all. The families leave as they get ready, except on some extraordinary occasion, or wuen danger is apprehended, in any event they have a number of warriors as look-outs on every side. It is almost impossible to ap proach u Comanche camp without being dis covered, When moving with their women and chil dren, a party of Comanclms exhibit a sceue ol liveliness, the women talking, laughing, and running pack animals to keep them iu pluce children with bow and arrows in hand, beat. ng thickets for small game, shooting snakes, running belter skelter in every direction mulrsgoingat half speed over rocky places, with long lodge poles trailing on either side, making a noise louder than so many empty wagons young warriors, with gaudy trap pings, frolicking aud gibbing when all these thiugs are'jnmblod together into a discordant mass, then is it rcnlly exciting to-be traveling , with the red children of the torest. borne- times a stampede occurs to give additional varie ty to the scene. Un such an occasion, the dogs of f he celebrated chief, Buffalo Hump, felt called upon to do something ; they gave chase to the i mining horses, Buffalo Hump be came furious with strung bow and ready arrows he followed the dogs. The race was over an undulutiug prairie kind of country, and lasted some mile or so. The enraged In dian shot his dogs and stopped his horses.. The cunniu gof the animal eluded the impend ing harm. The old chief, with all his subtlety, was a long time foiled by his canine compan ions. Tho scenery the stampede the chase the maddened Indian, mudo a panorama worth seeing, but hardly paying for the trouble of reading. " ' "" A halt being made, the women arrange everything take care of the horses, act up the lodges, pack the wood and the water, and cook, . : . . The warrior j lounge about, gather in groups, and talk over matter! and things in general, In things they cannot properly comprehend and account for, in some way, they possess, considerable incredulity. They deny the tales they hear of the speed or a railway ipeomo Uve. When some of them were informed a steam car could run from the Colorado to Chihuahua, iu Mexico, In less than a' day, they declared it impossible "a horso could not run that far in a day," They nave a game which may be failed "Hunt the bullet." The players sit down in a circle sing a curious kind of song ; one takes a ballet, changes it from hand to hand, throwing his arms iu every possible direction. When he thinks his manipulations have suffi ciently mystified the man appointed for that purpose, he holds ut both hands, and lets him guess in which tbe bullet B. Every guess counts ou one side or the other. The number constituting the game, is, we believe, a mat ter of agieemcnt ; the tallies are kept with arrows. In this way a great many article!