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he flmniag ftnUctw
MONDAY, JA3?'u ART 21 8 ! ,
n i "j r m
rURtlBHKj) IIY JOHN II. OttEHLY A CO.'
M. W. UAHUKLLjSABSOCIATK XPlToR. V
.Tha EvtMixu llULLtriN i ptiMMtod every nfl'-i
noon. 125 Washington Avenue. (Iicinoertit Mailt. Ii
John II. Oberly A Co., for circulation ly carrier,
newsmen, unci tlic mall.
The WttKiv Ht'LLiTiN, h lorgi) -llit-'.ii?o .furty cpl
' tttnn paper1, l'fisticd oti Tlinr.tiluj-, for tho maiW, tin
fa for nolo at our counter uml ly mtfdcnler.
' i TKItMS.
dii.t niLtvr.iicD nr raaira.
Single copy, per year..
tnsle copy, per tlx monlli.
. 3 la
tflnglo copy, per three months-
, ! 00
Single copy, one, year , ft 00
Qilbiiof ten, one year, curb rtlt-crlbcr 1 73
dub, ef Twenty, oncjrear, each nlpcrllir 1 30,
Birpeclmcn co'pfca fiirntuheif rrt. Address,
JOHN If. OtIERLT A CO., Cairo, III. ''
One oftlic Inevllnlile Remiltii,
IKrmn Ihft Chlcnen I'nst.l
Tlio net to incorporate too Illinois Central
rnHrbaa comjmhy jirovidos tliaMho bonrd of
oiroctor "aunil hnvo power to establish uch
rate oi ion rortno conveyance or persons and
property over tho road as thev slinll, from
timoto time, by their lv-lnv., direct nnd do
tcrnilno, and to levy nnil collect tho tamo for
tho use of said company." This Is part of tho
contract between the eompanv ami tho state
Tho same act provides that tlio lnnd, stock;
properly nnd effects of tlio company shnll bo
exempt from tnxntlon for six yearsnnd then,
in lieu of nil other tnxntlon, the corporation
sha)l pay into tho state treasury seven per
cent. jir nnntim upon its gross receipts or in
come. This Is alio a part of the contrnct, nnd
under it tho company, In tho past two yenrs,
hnvo paid to the slnto ncnrlyor quite $900,000.
Now, it is nvitnplu principle of 'law that
tho party who himself violates a contrnct is
not in a condition to demand its performance)
of tlio other party; nnd if tho state, o pro
posed in nnd by general Fuller's bill, just
passed by tho senate, in violation of tho terms
of tho charter of tho railroad company, undor
tnlccs to repualnto Its own net nnd -contrnct,
and, in nbuso of tho Tight granted to tho com
pany to regulate Its tolls, to imposo upon it
another tanir of prices than it own, whnt U
thcro to prevent the company from declining
to pay tho annunl per cent? The stato lias
violated tho contrnct. nnd has reduced, or
sought to reduco, the incomo of tho rond. One
of tho conditions upon which tho agreement
to pay this percentage wnj made, was tlio
right grnnted to the company to rcgulato it
own charges or, in other words, that tho
stnto would not Interfere with the rate of toll
charged by It for tho convoyance of persons
and property. General Fullor'a act would
seem to be a clear violation of this right, nnd
if tlio president nnd directors of tho comnanv
enn llnd in the act of the stato n legal dbchnrgc
from wlmt they consider it burden thev can
hardly be accused of unfair dealing If 'thev
avail tliomstl ves of It. Nor would it seem to
bo just the thing on tho part of tho stato to
insist that they shall perform their part of tho
agreement while falling and refusing to ob
urve its own.
IUIimU Iitilti.t i-liil L'lilvcralt)'.
A fourfe of lectures have recently been
delivered upon Agriculture and kindred 6ub-
eclsnt tho Illinois Industrial University, at
Chuinpaign. The couoo was Intended for
all thoso whoso JnstcH nnd Inclinations lead
them to, make agricultural science a study.
Thr- foregoing introductory nddrcs delivered
by John M. Gregory, LL. I)., regent or tho
Unlvert-lty, sets forth the objects, plans and
operations of the' school.
Gentlemen and Ladies It is mr high
privilege, to-day. to welcome you to tlio In
dustrial UuivorMty, to lu iirt animal course
of lecturer. Wo Inaugurate, to-day, u part of
the plan of ojieratlotiH contemplated from
the outset, to extend tho benctiu of this uni
versity beyond the ordinary students who
shall gather here, out into tho fields of adult
life and of Hctivu labor. The university, in
this movcincmt, leaving, for the moment, Its
place near the gateways of practical life,
where it sits to train those about to enter,
and tit them for life's great dutic, necks to
go nut into the very midst of tho busy throng
of labor, and mingle Its counsel unit lend its
light to the struggling toil and thought of
the practical world. Not content to teach
its science to the young, it also seeks to en
lighten, with it blessing, the labors ami the
lives of the grown men and women who are
doing the world's great work, nnd bearing
tho burden ol Its ondlesH battles. Teaching
to beginners the elements of science, italao
dcslros to take part in the solution of the
Irtish problems which nro always arising in
the progress of practical nllairs. If science,
has gathered any char llnht from tho btudy
of the past, where can it bo better displayed
than in aiding to solve the questions which
perplex the present, and In thus opening tho
logged highways which lead to the future.
I trough theke annual courses of lectures,
addressed to tho actual cultivators of the
soil, the university will mingle Uh voice with
yours In the very midst of the fanners nnd
trult-growers or the shite.
Hut while thus welcoming you to these lec
tures uh learucrrf. wo do not forget that you
come also as teachers: ; and we extend to vou
a doublo welcome as bringing to us. fresh
from tho great fields of practical life, tho
latest questions which have arisen there, and
the latest and best experiences which have
ueHii gauiou. our assembling hero will
help us to give a still more practical charac
ter to our instructions; and your discussions
will lendn now and more real air nnd value
to the Hclcnccsour pupils arc studying. Wo
have to thank you, therefore, as well as wel
come you, for tho aid thus lent by your pres.
ence here, in giving to tho university the pre
eminently practical character tho trustees
desire It shall bear.
It lias already been seriously proposed to
hold oilier lecture sessions in different parts
of tho state; and, if sulUclent encouragement
Is given that the furmers and other citizens
will attend, two such sessions, of three or
four days each, will orobably he held during
this year, one in tUu northern, and one lu
tho Houtnern part of the state. It is by this
free and frequent Interchange of tIowi with
the practical agriculturists of the state, that
the university hopes to work out one part of
its great misHion thodlfiusianof agriculture
al science among mankind. Establishing
wine community of Ideas between Itself and
the great dashes In whose interests it works,
it will lie la tter able to ohmiiUo lU wide-
leichinii pluiisof scientific observation and
experiment, and will bring under its eyes tho
immense iieiu oi research wiiicn it nasunuer
luL'on tn i.vtilori-
And, finally,' wo wclrotnoyoii'Jiero, that you
iiiy mjo lor yourselves, my worK wo are lin
ing, are preparing to do, fir the cause of ag
xlculturo and Industrial education. Wo tiro
confident you will nay our plans are not one
whit too broad to teach thoroughly those
greattRdaplcnd'.d branches of learning
whlcai iclatejo agriculture and tho mechanic
arts ;.abd yooxwm agres wita.: mat ;no
fenrnwifHe tAO' Llffh to fit men!) solvo tHe
wecai aiystciriof seed and soatrkl to HiKsa
fitr tho mighty agencies of grAtlithrtuglt
'wnlch the nrown canu is cnangcu,TO goiocn
grain, and puipy mm, anu iraarram nowcrs
Hoy n.Uulncy AVIfejcatche her lluibanrt
IFrom tho Qitincy lferald 1
, Tho youile and beautiful wlfo.of one ofour
hct citizens recently becamo very jealous of
her mis ban (I, charging him with two much
intimacy with tho servant girl. Things, wore
on and mnttors grow worse, nnd further in
dulccnco could Jiot bo tolerated. So tho sup
posed Injured wife set to work nil tho power
ot woman's wit to rcrraout.nnujntisty Her
self as to tho matter. Christmas times beine
nt hand and plenty of parties on nil sides, she
had littlo troublo in effecting all sho desired
as regarded her husband's fancied fault.
"Without lotting him know anything about it
sho insisted upon tho servant going to n party,
which tho girt did, and would not return be
foro the small hours of mornimr. This ac
complishcd, she extinguished tho lights nnd
retired to tlio servant girl's bed to await tho
cominir of her husband, whom sho wat-rntis-
fled would "pay If a visit. Tlio door was left
unlocked. At about nair past ten tho door
oponod gently and in ho carao. .Oh, horror 1
Slio immngincd that nil hor apprehensions
were moro man true, biowiy, but certainly,
ho neared the bed, nnd nil the time her very
blood fairly chilled In her reins. Tho covii
lcts wcro gently raised, nnd tho mnscullno
form glided softly and notslcssiy in. ucr
heart was now almost broken, but sho was
determined to mnko nil possible discoveries
Ao sho remained ns still as n mouc. A hnlf
hour passed, ns to tho occurrence of which
wo are not sunnoed to know nnvthlnc. when
tho injured wifb arose, lighted a match, and
what did sho behold? Nothing moro or less
thnn tho person of her husband's coachman I
Tho surprise of both parties can bo better
imagined thnn described.
The Theory of Teaching.
It is no uncommon thin? to find those who
hnvo "attended" to the higher mathematics
algebra, geometry, and the like whose rend
ing nud writing aro wretched lu the extreme,
nnd whose spelling Is absolutely intolerable i
Thcr have been pursuing quadratics, hut are
unable to explain why they "carry one for
evcry-tenj" they have wandered among the
stars In search of other worlds, by the scl
enco of astronomy, without knowing the
most simple points of their own ; they have
studied logarithms and infinite scries, but
cannot bo safely trusted to add a column of
figures, or to compute the simple interest
upon n common note! In short, they have
studied everything, except what is most use
ful to he known In practical life, and have
really learned nothing!
Now. if this evil grievous nnd extensive
as it is nt present is ever to be abated, it is
to be accomplished by tho Instrumentality of
the teacher, acting, In his appropriate sphere,
In the canncltv ot a director ns to tho course
of study for the young. Ho must not bo a
man who can increlv teach, but one who un
derstands the IiIrIi Import of a true cduca-
lion, ami Knows now to preserve uic oraeroi
Its progress; one, In short, who will never
attempt to erect a showy superstructure upon
an Insutllclcnt foundation. I'agJ Throry
Furniture, nud Homo FuniMilng Goods
Cnrjulu nmt Oil Clnlli", AVImlotr Slindra
mil Looking (ilimMO.
No. lot CoMstr.r.ctAi. Avknuk,
,i-.Mtr cAiuo. ir.r,.
SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL PAINTING
SIGN AND ORNAMENTAL I'AINTER,
Shot.eoiith-eat corner of Klshlh ctreet and Com
merrlal Areniie (up stuir),
J. W. TURNER
N iremrel to furnlrh
Good ZXai'd Wood
At prices which ilefy competition, ami rJo to
Deliver In any purl of the City,
On the shortcut notice.
I.we order on Mnte at Jluleif procery. Loner
aw'n Tmh htorc, and WooiH and lloarh'a crocery.
C'OIIXKU Or 8TII STItKKT A.VI) OlHO LKVKK
All work 111 thl' lino executed promptly kudu
AMI AT JtKAfcQNAHLE ltlTKd
JLLINOIS CENTRAL ItAILROAD.
(julcke.tl Route l'rom (ho South
st. I.onU, I.oiilivlllr, Clncliiiiotl, Clilcngo,
,rw Yurk, Iloaton
ALL POINTS EAST AND NORTH.
I'Moengvr train arrUoat au.! lcuo Cairo an follows:
auvk A. M -....lino I. 31.
Ui;i'AHT--4r4ll A. .M.. llOO 1. SI, t
Hoih train cmncct at Centralia with tralno tlio
At IUlia, Uccntur. Illooin'nuton, i:i l'up, Ln Hnlle,
.Mendota, Kreort, lloleua, lliitiu'iue,
tuid ull iiointi) in
lllliiola, Iou'u, Mlniieiioln, SIKtonrt Bud
And with lineM running Kant and VVt for
St. Louis, Snrlnsrllcltl, Lonlnvlllc, Clnelu
natl, IiiillaiiupolU and Coliuuhus,
And at Chicago with Michigan Central, Michigan
Houtliern, and I'lttalxir'K, Kort Wayne and -
WAMItl.NOTO.N CITV, d
All Point 3BM.t.
, ... 1 j
..Jfor through ticket and Information, apply at the
IllinoN Control K.iilrowl Depot.
.hmInV, UntMtf '
The Ji. Printing Office, of the Cairo lllllletln' Unno
of lloMiio.i. ..mplei. ,.m.-e In, lllinoii, nnd all the
1. iK in, 1 ()l ,u iaivt riyie, iuui our
lourncvim n .,1,-r. iiik lnaeTH of their trade, o
aro ciiuUIihI to Uu
ixxcls or Worlt,
Krom the itamti. ,t ardto tliv m..uimth poMer,
"O'ARGLAY BROTHERS, "v
ft- Si! Mi
TS XTtV 0
PURE DRUGS AND CHEMICALS,
Fatoiit: 3VX odioino
a retL asot.mi;!it or
AX1 FA3SCY WOODS.
E8PE0IAL ATTENTION PAID TO PRESCRIPTIONS
XOXK 11 VT THE PUREST
Compounded Materials are used.
PUKE 1VIXES AXD MQUORS
KOIt MKDIC.a VSK.
No. 71 Ohio Iicvcc ,
JJ 31. HULKN,
' Irnlern n
STAPLE AND FANCV GROCERIES,
I'rovl.xloiis, I'roilucc, .'oaI Oil, An
13i Commercial Avenue, Cairo, III.
I WHITE LEAD, ZINC AND OILS,
' WINDOW GLASS AND PUTTY
Ilruilim, Willi Pnper nnd Window
0:,OHIO LEVEE CAIRO, ILL
gTRATTOX, HUDSON tV: CLARK,
(fncceiKOM tn Cnniilneham A fc'tratton,)
(Jrocpfs nnil C'onimlssloii Merchants,
.0. or Ohio Levee, Cairo, III.
. g 1 1 E L L O Y.ST E 1 iii. ' j
TvTo. OC3 Ohio Ijovoo, j(
RMitit cn daily, Krcnh Motdlo hell Oyutcrs. and crvn
tliein, in ry ft)lc, at nil hor, li.y and night. Mb
i.Iho keep on Imnd n tlnoatipply ft imc tJUAll-,
imcki', I'ruino ihicki n, Su.rr'lt Ac., Ac.
decSlWtf . - i I
Kor.alol.y O. P. WILLIAMSON, . .
dccl'Mullf So. 1 Ohto Levee.
JRIIIACH ii KLINE, . -
Stall No. 7 la 3furkct. House, (
Keepitron.tantly on hutul all kiud.iof Freeh Meat,,
haanase freihund moked; Ham nnd DrenkfAtt U.
con, which they will retail a' holesl priced.:. , n
jypAT STOKE. 1
rr.RRT HOUSE, CORNER COMMERCIAL AVENUE
, AND KKJII'VH HTREET. '
DeaU in thaehotce.t frei, Mel, Def. llutton, Pork,
etc., to lx hail In th market. Keeps all kind of
good -upply of vegetai,i,,'and many olhur 'Jrttlaiui
articlealn tho protmon and family supply, Jlne. He
'-' mm lorcajifl. tail unnim. jnou
;AitiiLTi:it aa injiMi;it
.VA'.l TWELFTH STREET,
HETWT.KN POPLAR STREET AND WABIIlNtJ I
.lH-Jllfl AVENUE. ' ' '
I Ar-Vri;i)-Atlhoot!lceof tho tiilro HiOlctin.
IT menhiinti who mtnt Hill Heads ltilli of Jtading
BOOTS AND SHOES.
-yM. ehlers, r t&y.
oot mad OTixsfro &Xicoxv
i. wt ..it sa ! r'k'
' Poplar tree(s,& J 4
(Nearly opposllo tho court jioui,)
Keens n splendid stoelt of the beat material, and good
workmen, and ran fill orders on short notice.
Mending done neaiiy anu cneaij. 7,",WJri.f
J. . HOUSE.
105 Commercial Avenue, lOJi
Thnonly Lkenncd Auotloncrr In the ,clly, hujrs and
scin on commisiion aii Kinaa oi
And makns prompt retnrna on" nil sales.
.T7IOREIGN EXCILVKGE TOR SALE,
In Any Reqnlred Amount,
All Places on, the Cuntiiunt,
CITY NATIONAL BANK,
declldlm A. It. HAFKOKD, Caahler.
JOHX W. TROVER 4t CO.,
IIR0KER8 AD EXCHANGE DEALERS
Eighth atieet, econd door from Com. Atc,
Also, I'aago Tiektto from
Liverpool, London, Havre, Antwerp, Lrtmen
and Hamburg, to New 1'ork,
Or to any point Went.
C'olleetlon. made on anjr point In Europe,
BOOKS, STATIONERY, ETC.
ylLLIAJI W. THORNTON,
Wholealo nnd Retail Dealer In
Xj xx xxx In o x-, Sliinglos
Cfilnrl'oittK, Doom, Hn.li, IlllmU mid "Wlii
Olllcc 011 Tenth Street,
Rctwecn Commercial and Washington Aventio,
' CAIRO, ILLINOIS.
. Aoext ros
Rock River Paper Company's Sheathing Felt
.( 1Kb ,
' O.UARTZ CEMENT,
H. W. John's improved Roofing
Aibcatos Cement lw- on hand
In large or small nuantitie.
jr"TjMiiKiL'"'r'' ''''':i V
fiAW max OF K. T. KOSS,
Corner of' Leveet end ISeeuiitond slt'tft.
Lumber of AU Kind Ilnd, n4 Cut
' (o Order. ,
Slab W00& on Hund, n& for Sale Low.
I At tho Haw MID of J',1TJ',i''i)')'' o"ierof Lreo and
1 Twenty-accoiid atreel. ' nhl" ,
Prliiteft at the office o'filiB Calra Ilutlctln,
COMMISSION AND FORWARDING
gj . IIENDRIGK & Cg, V $r"" n
' FOR WARDING T AND , COMMISSION
rsr tti -Fm -i tct- a. tvt m si
Vf 11 ARF-B 0 AT Pit OPRIETOR S,
J Prompt nttcntlon given to Forwarding or tale on
PTJlt T. riKKKB.
TOM. 11, rilll l.tlT".
pARKER & PHILLIPS,
No. 72 OHIO LEVEE.
enrPncolai attentlbn ijlTen to filling order,
dccircdtf . , . .
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
' ! 'I
OUTHEKN ILLINOIS TEACHER.
In IMn.'i.ltinAl JiniAl. inilJielieul hVini-MonlV'y
at the oily of Cairo, and deti.. tj the Interest oft .0
Great CatiM! oT Eittientlon
In Southern HIiikm.. No )in utiarei to iniko
thin Journal a powerful and influeotuJ cuntnliulc'n I
the prlncici of 'fln'nttin ; in tlio improeinent of
the nvlhd of M-heol in.tnif tin. and to the al
TiiKi'inoiit of uJI reform for ttm clcration nf (,,
rtandaril m "Etypt.'
riinslo uowrllr.. -n jar ....,........ ll 'ft
Cluti of ner fio tutd uudnrJU, uuu ) w toouc
A'fiIreM......M........M.M..... 1 U
Club of oier to, ono yeur, to 00 o-ldrci. ui
Term., I'nynlilr In Ailvmier.
The. firi-t numler .11 ! ieuel Satiirday, 2-iil. ie.',
.10 EL O. MOROAN,
Editor and I'ltoriUKTOR,
dne'.rtltf Cairo. UJ.
JQIIS. SM1TJI A: GORDON,
PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS,
Ojfice, earner 0 Eighth tlrtet and OhioI.erec
W. It. HMlTll-rienlitem-o No. il Ttilrtee4ith ctftt',
)( mil U'-hirtKl"ii nod Walnut.
J. J. GORDON lt-idn 1 uruer Ninth imd Wainr.t
C. W. DUNNING, M. D.
RESIDENCE Cor. 01 Ii nnil Walnut Strteta
OFKICE-Cor. Olh Street n ml Ohio I.rvre.
OKEICK IIOl'ItS-Krom V n-m. to 12 tn., and fr in
WILLI AM It USS K lZM 1)
PJiysIrlnn, Surgeon nnil Aeeoneher,
No. lit COMMERCIAL AVENUE
IlettuM-n Eighth and Ninth Htret,
deeaidlf ' Cairo, IUInol..
STOVES, TINWARE, ETC.
AHALLKYS CHARTER OAK
Ctipjii-r, Till ami Sheet Iron
J023 33IUG- ZXOX
No. IM WASHINGTON AVENUE,
(Aboc the Market Home.)
Itooflitir, Oiitterini;. Hiiotitlns and Meaniboat Wo.ic
done iu n unit and niiltdantiitl
inanner, at ahort no-
TO 0I1TA1N IT (10 TO
ri:erwart, oktii & cos
And purchiMo Iho lolling
Stovo o f tlio Wont
A Kood variety of Cooklnuand Heating Stores al
w ayi on hand. AI"o 11 coinililo asorttnent of
Tlnirurr, Itollon-"Vnre, &c, Ac.
Manufucturem of fluttering and Roofinp.
Our molto la Quick Hale mid Small 1'rofiU.
UTSalitfuction guaranteed In eiery initatice."
TT ENTUCKY GOODS FOR SALE.
The aub'crlher repectfnlly Informs tho eltlte na of
Cairo and vicinity, that he hua (lock of good of tho
Owentborn Woolen MiIIh manufactu', ( Jlamllton'a
ilturo ttore, corner of f Uth irtreet and Comintiv
tul atenue, confuting of
Wide and Narrow Jean, All-Wool CaaJ
merea, Fancy J.lnaeyn, Klannoli,
Superior Family Blnnkels,
All' Wool Coverlets, Ilalmotal Slilrti, ami
T lie:o gooU nro made of gooit Wool,' and Of Varii
well K-wwed l-eforn weaving.
An opportunity l nowohVfpd for all to ohtalu what
goods they need dlrc;t from thi agent. Merchants
and Merchant Tutlnnitrn invited to exnminn lh
Mock. It will Ik old at tho loct utiolenald and to.
tall rate. Clime one, como all, unit )my j?ood that
can stand th(Ltei,t.
won 'or otner iroou col nirv mn. ticn tnij.n hm.
(.hanfiofor goiMln.j JOHN HAMILTON, Afcnt.