F. ... I-VTI.R, A. F. BASKIN-, ~
ALLIANCE DIRECTOR V.
Officers of the National Alliance
ami Industrial Union.
Ertrldent L. L. Polk, North Carolina.
S*rt Vice President B. H. Clover, Kansas.
Vice Presidents—Mississippi, R. T. love; North
Carolina, S. B. B. Alexander; Alabama, H. P.
rone; louisiana, Linn Tann ; Arkansas, \V. H.
Moore; Kentneky, 8. B Erwin ; Missouri, A. B
Johnson; Tennessee. J. H. McDowell; Texas
M 1. K. Taylor; Florida,Oswald Wilson.
Secretary .. J. H. Turner. Georgia
Treasurer W. H. Hickman, Ml-souri
chaplain J. O. Jones, Lonisina.
Lecturer J. 11. WMetis, Kansas
AMistant Lecturer J. A. Tetts, Louisiana
Doorkeeper I N Grisham, Alabama
Assistant Doorkeeper H. C. Brown, Kentucky
Seigiaut-at arms T. E. Groome, Mississippi.
OFFICERS OF THE FLORIDA ALLIANCE.
President R. K. Rogers, of Fuwar.ce.
Vice President D. \V. Arams, of Orange.
secretary A. P. Baskin, of Marion
Treasurer ...C.-8. Young, of Citrus
Lecturer V. B. Collins, of Marion
Assistant Lecturer... J. 1). Wolfe, of Escambia
chaplain .11. C. Martin, of Marlon
Doorkeeper J. 11 Carlton, of Taylor.
Assistant Doorkeeper C. 11. Baker, of Baker
Executive committee, E. W. McCuue, A. War
dell and J. F\ Tillman.
DPUOTKSX op THU FARMER.
Addices of President L. 1 . Polk
10 Citizens Alliance. No. 4, of
Washington, I>. C.
< ontinucd from Joel v AO
jfcTbe Fiftv flrst. Congress but recently
adjourned, was in rest-ion thirteen
months, r>Ting that imir it expended
in rc-rnid nr. re> * rie billion dollars of
the people’s mor.e\ —a sum equal <o
$77,000,000 per mouth, $17,500,000 per
week, $2,500,000 per day, slo4ooo£pe.
hour, $1,733 per minute, and S2B per sec
ond.! Let us l>ear steadily in mind that
80 cents of every dollar of this vart
sum oatne lrc in the rgiiculttwists of the
comply, i ncs-o suffering millions be
sieged the doom, of the Uapilol during
that time, plead!ms for relief. They
were turned away empty handed, their
importunities disregarded, their en
rt at its ignored. ard they were :iifc
lently admmiehed to “to keep rut of
polities,” to “ live closer and work
They p.eked for the free aril unlimited
coinagelof silver. Democrats in the Al
liance, aid Republicans in the Alliance,
•imply’asked their party friends in O r
gress to redeini the pledge which both
these parties had made before the world
in their platforms, and in the most
solemn manner We know the result
At the dictation of Wall end Lombard
streets, men of both parties stultified
themselves and their parties he/ore the
world and detested this.jnst measure
The people asked that national hanks 1 e
abolished and gambling in futures be
prohibited by irsning mercy diiect to
the people r.t (heap rate of interest
and in sufficient volume to meet the de
mands of the legitimate business of tin
country. They formulated and pre
rented s plan by which this might be
done. Promptly it was. met with the
assertion that “"the government lias no
power under ti e Constitution to loan
money,” and therefore cur bill was ..un
constitutional.' I' was asserted that it
was “class legislation” and that the hill
was “inanpaetirabie." “Class iepisia
tion!” Why, our statutory records are
crowded with elms legislation in favor
of all classes, except, the agricult m ists.
“Impracticable!” If true, whose duty
was Jit to correct it? “Uncoi i.litu
tional!” If tme, whose duty was it to
frame a bill that would be constitu
tional? What are the duties of mod
ern Congressmen? Are they to be con
fined continually and forever to the ma
nipulation of party schemes by which to
gain party supremacy, and to the neg
lect of the gieat interests of the coun-
try? Is it perfectly constitutional to
loan cur money to banks, corporations,
expositions and whisky rings, bnfr-tt ig
unconstitutional to loan ** wU4 wealth
producers of the land. When Wall
street, through its heartless gambling on
the brain and brawn and sweat and
muscle of honest labor becomes en
tangled in the meshes of its own wicked
devising, it lias only to look to our Sc<-
retary of tho State and say : “ Help us,
Cassius, or we sink,” and immediately
that official flies to its relief on electric
wing and pours into its lap $10,000,000
of-the people’s gold. But it would be
grossly unconstitutional to come, in re- 1
•ponse to the piteous appeals from eight
millions of panic stricken homes all j
over the land, and provide relief. It is f
perfectly constitutional, in order to get \
$180,000,000 from the vaults to then
banks, to pay thereon $12,000,000 in ad- j
winced interest, S3O,7OO,(XX)in premiums, I
and in order to get it into the pockets of i
the people to charge an additional 10;
per cent, of $18,000,000. Perfectly con-1
■titutional to pay to spectators and mo- j
nopolists $60,000 000 in premiums and i
interest, to put $180,000,000 in eircula- j
tion, but it would be shamefully uncon- j
•titutional to adopt our plan of a direct |
issue to the people of this SIBO 000,0001
at 2 per cent, at a cost cf only $3,600,000, j
and which would go into our treasury j
to diminish taxation from other sources j
and thus save in the one transaction j
tho sum of $57,100,000. But no bili j
could be framed that would r.ot ho re- j
jected by politicians as unconstitutional;
if it provided for an adequate amount of!
circulation at a low rate of interest, j
Money must not be issued direct to tho ;
people at a cheap rate, as that would a!* j
ways be “unconstitutional,” and therein
lies the objection to the suh treasury
plan with politicians.
On questions of finance, on legislation ;
for the relief of the people, there is a
a higher court in this country than even j
our supreme judiciary. It sits en
throned in Wall street, reveling in tlie |
strength or its ill-gotten power, and lev- i
ies tribute at will on the industrial en- j
ergies of the people.
In the coming contest between labor
and capital, Financial Reform must and
will be, the slogan and rallying cry of
the people. They want gold robbed of
its power to oppress. They demand
that silver shall be restored to all the
rights in coinage and to all the qualities
of legal tender which gold possesses.
Thev demand that the circulating me
dium of tho country shall be irautf| di
rect to the people at a low rate of Tntcr
gst and in sufficient volume to do the
business of tlie country, and that in
whatever form it may be issued, if it
bear the imprint of the government and ;
is denominated a dollar, that it shall be
worth one hundred cents in payment of
all dues, public and private. They de
mand the prohibition of gambling in
futures of all agricultural and mechani
cal products. They believe that every
acre of our public domain should be se
cured to actual setters, and that not one
foot of our territory should be held ex
cept by citizens of this country. They
believe that barriers should be erected
between corporate power and the rights
of the people. They 4avor absolute
governmental control of transportation
and telegraph lines, because they prefer
that the government should control
these great agencies of power, rather)
than that they should control the gov-;
eminent. They demand a just system !
of gia luated tax on incomes. They de- \
maud that an amendment to the Consti- j
tution shall be submitted to the people,!
by which United States Senators shall
be elected l>y a direct vote of the people.
They believe that no interest, or class, l
or industry, should be taxed to build up j
any other interest, or class, or industry.)
They demand that all revenues shall be j
limited to the necessary expenses of an
honestly and economically administered ;
government. From these great qutw
tions they cannot and will not be di- j
verted. Even the protective tariff, with j
all its abominable iniquities, cannot
supplant them. Forco biils, “bloody
shirts,’’ the cry of “ negro supremacy in
the South,” and ot “rebels” in the
North, will lose all the power of their i
baleful charms in the presence of these
great, overshadowing questions.
The great mass of ihe industrial
classes, North and South, Democrats and '
ltepublicani, without regard to sectional
or geographical lines, with one purpose
and with one heart, have locked their
hands and shields in a common cause—
the cause cf a common country. The
evils under which they Buffer, and
which threaten the destruction of the
republic and its institution, are national
in their character and cannot be cor
rected by sectional remedies. Hence
recognizing but one flag—the flag of our
eommon country—impelled by a com
mon purpose, actuated by a common
motive, confronted by a common dan
uer, tney have solendv resolved to turn
their backs upon the past and make one
mighty effort to rescue our government
and institntior s from impending peril,
they have wiped out, and forever, the
last trace of Mason and Dixon’s line
across Alliance territory. African
slavery is gone, thank God, and in the
spirit of manly magr.amitv and frater
nity the Allinncemen of the “blue” and
tne Alltancemen of the “gray”‘fay:
“ la>l the bitterness, animosities and
prejudices, born of its existence, perish
with it and forever.*' The proud Saxon
spirit, and courage, and patriotism
which crowned the heroism of the
■ blue and the gray” with undying fame,
lie now summoned lo break the galling
and degrading chains of white slavery,
'he slavery of honest labor and how fit
ting that they should lead in. this
glorious struggle for God and humanity.
Ye brave men cf tlie North! whet
stood by the stars and stripes with a de
votion and a courage that would have
added anew luster to the splendor of
R< me’s legions in her palmiest days—
ye brave men of the Scuffr! who stood
tiy the sinking stars of a doomed cause
w Idle you bore in your rnaply hearts a
more forlorn hone than that which in-
the six hundred at Bul klava—
America’s heroes! Did ye win glory in
he dread conflict of arms?
Standing now under the Alii#nee.
bannt-r, on w hose f dtta glows m radial) t
•>t tfoty : ‘‘ On earth, peace, good wilf to
men, i how grandly and resplendent!/
sublime that glory shall become when !
crowned with your noo'ereichievements j
as citizens in peace!
Grant and Lee, Jackson'and McPher-I
son, Sherman and Johnston, Stewart !
and Custer, with thousands of their j
brave and devoted followers, have'
crossed over the. River, and arc j
bivouacked under the shade of the
trees, where they will rest piacefoliyi
uhtil the archangel shall sound the fi-'
nale reveille and summon them to the |
Grand Review on the Fternal Plains j
Let the living, and those who arp to fob ■
low us, remember only their virtue-r-J
their superb manhood and heroism.
Inscribe it on imperishable tablet!
Embalm it in undying song! Let the
genius of pencil and chisel embellish it j
with its most resplendent inspiration!
I>t fame place it among her richest
treasures in the Pantheon of Immor
tality, and let tho time swept harp of
'he ages swell in giander strain tlie
giant anthem of its prafse!
Fathets, brothers, husbands and sons, j
w.ho are more profoundly interested and I
concerned in a>l that pertanis to thei
i peace, the happiness ami prost>erity of
our country than the noble women of
the land? They are here to-nigiit. I
would be false to them, false !o theocca- j
sion, false to the Alliance and false toj
myself, did I fail to tender to them my
profound ' acknowledgments for thei
honor they have thus done me. Proud
as we are, and should be, of the splen
did record cf the American soldiery to
which I have referred, yet in honor ofj
her patient endurance, her devotion,"!
her constancy and her superb moral j
courage, we stand uncovered in her j
presence. Do you ark me for a model of
moral heroism? I would r.ot go to th.e !
muster rolls of the splendid armies of a j
Grant or a Lee; I would not point to ■
the waving plume in victorious battle, |
but I would point you to' that jgolated j
country heme, with its cares aud trials, |
its loneliness and anxieties in sickness '
and in healthy presided over by ihej
queenly* spirit ,of her wlfose hours ol:
anguish through fourjong y&Ata of war 1
were more trying than Ihe ordeal of bat-j
And I would summon all the grand!
old heroes among the living, and the
spirits of our immortal dead, and align
t heupin her presence and ask them to
join me in saluting her as the queen ol
tfae heroes of the world.
A celebrated English barrister, when .
r’e'ending a crlmihal was reminded by
tho court that he was extending his ar
gument to very great length. Turning!
to his honor he said : “ Remember, sir,)
that I am pleading foj; the life of a;
My friends, if in my zeal I have tran
scended the proprieties of the occasion
and have wearied your patience, I can
enter the plea in extenuation that I am
pleading for the life of the republic aud '
the liberties of the people.
1 1 ""
The Farmers’ Alliance Viewed by
To the Editor of the Banner.
Tbejiolicy of the Farmers’ Alliance is;
to be estimated, not ly its constitution
ality. but by its intrinsic fitness to pro-1
mote ihe welfare of the people; for, as I j
have already said, a great popular patty
as this claims to lie, embracing thej
masses of educated laboring men in the
land, have it in their power to mould j
the constitution t 6 accomplish any good
purpose they-may have in view. And!
surely if the purpose be as Senator Pfef-}
fer avows in the quotation already given,
“to dethrone the money power” in the
country, there would be some necessity
for a change of the fundamental law. j
[ The Supreme Court of the United States ;
j has established the validity of thei
I “greenback” as a legal tender, and the
; government, on various occasions, has
I interfered for the relief of the money
i maiket in times of stringency, always,;
j however, limiting the disbursements of j
] the treasury to lawful .objects, whatever !
may have been the effect indirectly in
tended. But even all this is very far'
ifiom being sufficient, ns a precedent to
i justify the government in assuming to
1 lie tiie hanker for the people, creating
! money in unlimited quantities, amt lend-
I ing it on the proposed securities of real j
j(r personal property. Few persons, I
! imagine, will contend that any thing like |
this was intended by the farmers of our;
conetiiution, or that such a policy can be
legitimately deducted from any of the j
povvefs conferred by that instrument, j
The exercise of such )lowers was plainly ■
•prohibited to the states; and, except as j
to the coining of money and establish-;
ing legal tender, it was not bestowed on ;
the geueral government.
But aside from the constitutional ques
tion, what is to be said about the intrin
3ic merits of the proposed measures?
This is th really important point to be
determined; and after this shall have
! been decided to the satisfaction of (he
I people, there will be time enough, and
' trouble enough, to organize its forces aud
! establish the condition necessary to
! overthrow the existing order of things
I in the financial world.
There can be no safer or better cur
! rency than the “greenbacks,” the notes
i of the government, made a legal tender
1 for all purposes; but theso cannot be
J issued in unlimited quantities, nor With
; out proper precautions to prevent de
j preeiation and to secure their prompt
j redemption. This redemption, however,
' need not necessarily be in coin, received
i by the government in payment of its
I revenues, this fact alone would effeetu
j ally sustain an immense issue, regularly
j redeemed as often as paid into the
treasmy. ~ , , j
Toe annual expenditures povided for.
by the last congress are well known to]
be over one billion of dollars, an aver
age of five hundred millions per annum, j
How much currency might safely be is
sued, without danger of depreciation,,
t upon the sole basis of these imuiensg
collections and corporations? An ex- !
perienced banker, if unintlueueed by his I
| own personal interests and those of bis i
class would tell you that they, these J
enormous financial operations ot govern- j
meat, would keep atloat in the com
j inanity a much larger amount of notes!
than would be measured by the nominal <
sums involved in the transactions them- j
selves. Expense alone would satisfac- j
torilv work out the problem, and demon- ;
st rate the proportions which could be,
isafely maintained between the colie,;- j
tions and disbursements of the govern-!
meet and its issues of legal tender notes, |
There lias never been any fair trial of.
■ the policy required to settle this ques- j
tion, for the large issues put fourth j
during the war, were not full legal ten-!
der, they were not receivable for cus- j
• toms nor in jwyment of interest on the j
public debt Some millions of dollars;
issued at the Leginning of the war,;
which were made for full legal tender *
for all pur post*, never fell below par.'
j But the interests of bankers and of capi
talists generally, were swayed against
j the issues of money by the government;
land they had sufficient influence to
j maim and cripple tbe policy at its very
j outset. It was their game to compel the
• government to fund its outstanding ob-
I ligdions in interest bearing bonds, and
IJo make these the basis of bank note
jissuts for their own benefit. It was
shrewd foresightrin them to conceal from
the pc'-ple as long as they could the
. great fact, that they, the people, through
f thc-ir government, had the power to
furnish an ample amou' of safe and
sound currency, upon condition far more
favorable to the interests and industries
of the masses, those engaged in the
work of production and not in com
mercial i xchanges.
The expenditures of the government
under an economical administration,
ought n-t to he so much as half a billion
annually; at.d 1 think they are not
likely to be, until it shall come to pass
that government will take control of
the railroads, telegraphs, express lines,
and other similar branches of business
which involve directly the interests of
ill. When this shall occur, if it ever
•shall, then it is obvious that the trans
actions of the government will be vastly
increased. Under such a system the
collections and disbursements would be
amply sufficient to sustain a much larger
issue of government notes, probably
sufficient to supply all the currency re
quirtd by the counfry. 1 have already
intimated how seriously all financial
problems would be affected by trans
it triitg tire ownership of the railroads,
ielegrm*b4 etc,., to jhe government for
the beiielfi of the people. Five or six
billions or stocks and bonds, ndw-iJrAJo
-market, feonWHtevM luaUy extihgu;s bed; I
and these, instead of being the play
things and slakes of gamblers and spec
tators, . absorbing the energies and
means of numberless idle consumers
and non-proddeers, would become the
solid foundation of tbe public prosperity,
the property involved .becoming the
joint property of all tlie people, used
wisely aud judiciously for the sole ad
vantage of the public.
1 But the government cannot take
i private property without making just
compen.-a'iui). If it aiijuiro the rail
roads and telegraph lines, it must pay
for them. When their exigency corues,
; and these companies, that now prey
upon (he people while serving them,
i shall !e compelled to resign their occu
pation into the hands of ths people,
they would redoubt be glad to accept
government bonds, perhaps even 2 tier
cent, bond for their possessions, which
of course, they would estimate at an in
ordinate value. But this wouLd only
substitute rw.e sort of security for an
other, asd the markets would be es full
as w-ver of tbe subjects of speculation
and gambling, though the fluctuations
would hardly be so great as before.' It
is plain, however, that the acquisition of
these vast properties must be gradual,
and conducted in such a way as not to
jmpose intolerable burdens on tho peo
pie under the pretext of benefitting
them. A two tier cent, bond would
double itself in fifty years, five billions
would become ten billions. But by the
exercise of proper foresight and tlie
precaution, tne government, within fifty
years, might well pay a just compensa
tion to the ow ners of this property with
out subjecting itself to a bonded debt.
The gist of the whole scheme is, that
these immense values shall be extin
guished as private property.. They are
ihe creation of the people, let them re
turn as a legacy to the next generation,
without doing any injustice to the pres
As to iho Issue of legal tender notes
by the government, there could be
nothing safer than tlie advance of such
notes on the security of the non-perish
able productions of the people, to be re
turned and repaid within such period as
may be sufficient to enable the parties to
reach the market and supply the con
sumer. All bankers are well aware that
this is the soundest principle on which
their business can be conducted. Bills
drawn on shiomauts of products, .with
bills of lading' attached and proper in
surance effected, constitute the solid
foundation for all good operations with
money. In fact these are the ouly
legitimate onjects for which loans ought
usually to be made, that is, to facilitate
the production and distribution of the
annual supplies necessary for the support
and comfort of the community. The
annual production and consumption of
these commodities by the people, are
the only true measure by which the
currency ought to be regulated. What-
ever surplus of productions may remain
after supplying the wants of all, is in a
large view, generally applied to the pur
pose of permanent improvement, build
ing houses, making road", etc. But the
permanent investments, partaking of
the nature cf real estate, do not properly
1 come within the scope of a circulating
i medium, intended to facilitate the active
! operations* of productive industry.
Otherwise tlie accumulations of gener
ation after generation, would require tax
represented in the currency, and this
would obviously grow tar beyond all
On these grounds, it seems to me,
that the government ought not to issue
notes to be lent on mortgages of real
i estate. The principal objection is, that
' there would be no practical limit to the
; issue required and no effectual means of
; maintaining the currency at par. Under
the oilier system, that cf advancing on
the annual product ions, there would be
a practical limit, a very satisfactory
; measure, and absolute security. The
i government would insure the products
| received, at a rate profitable to itself,
! and yet advantageous to tbe borrower.
There would be no question of impos
ing unnecessary burdens on the citizen;
and whatever profit might accrue to the
government, would eventually enure to
the citizen by reducing his taxes, and
| pos-ibly by relieving him from all
i Federal taxation whatever.
Neither gold nor silver, nor both of
! them are the measure of value in trans
, actions. This measure is modified by
j the devices of busines men. bills, notes,
| checks, deposits, clearing house trans
' actions, etc. These are all under the
i control of capitalists, and are made to
i serve their ends as occasion may occur
for their skilful manipulation. But if
the government should take this power
i out of the hands of capitalists, ami itself
| become the banker for the people, there
would be less use for gold or silver.
These commodojdes are only useful to
; settle balances on the one side or the
j other in our foreign trade. They will
i probable long remain the nominal staud
j ard; and there will be no difficulty in
maintaining our mrrency at nar with
| gold, especially when that metal shall be
; uo longer used for coin, but shall be
i kept mainly in bars for settlement of
foreign balances. Foreign trade, which
; ought to be free as possible, is in the last
analysis only an exchange of produc
i tions; and, in the long run, this exchange
must be equal. But temporary balances
i occur, ami these must be adjusted. The
precious metals are the beet, and most
' convenient commodoties for this pur-
I pose, although our recent experience
| shows that the true currency for our de
! mestic is the legal tender
! note of the government, even to replace
the dime and the nickel. F. P. S.
Secretaries ana Delegates Take
That pursuant to Constitution, Marion
| County F. A. and I. U. will meet on the
first Tuesday after second Thursday in
tliis month, same boing the 19th day of
i May, 1891. Place of meeting, Board
j man, Fia., on F. S. R. R.
! Secretaries will see that their reports
are forwarded at once. A fall attend
ance is expected.
H. W. Loso, Pres.
! Wm Dbho.v, Sec.
j W e cannot believe that a majority of
the Alliance members of our Florida
| legislature are farmers. Senator Best of
Missouri, says a farmer is one who tills
, the soil for a living. An agriculturist is
; one who owns a farm, lives in a city and
goes out now and then to see if Jack
) pots are ripe. By their deeds you shall
know them without inquiring’ into the
i statues of or the special calling of these
Alliance members, but judging by the
) record they are making in the election
iaU. S. senator aud other matters of
legislation in behalf of the real farmers,
1 they aie of that type that live In the
THE OCALA BANNERL-FRIDAY, MAY 8, 1891,
Alliance Vindicator (Sulpnur springs,
Texas,) says: Mr. Mills and manv other
Democrats in their fight against the sub
treasnry say it is partial in its applica
tion and would only give a warehouse to
the large and populous counties. And
then lota of old farmers said “yes, that’s
so, Mills is right,” it would be favoring
the populous sections and hence, “I’m
•agin it right along with Mills.” Now
friends, see about this matter. Why
don’t Mr. Mills and others object to the
free delivery system which delivers
every person’s mail in the cities at his
sate or door while yon old farmers have
to get on your old hard plowed mule or
horse and ride to town after yours. Al
most every law in the national slalutes
are either class laws or partial in their
effects and every time working in the
interest of money and money centers.
Now why have our Democrats never de
nounced this as class legislation and
favoritism, when tbe government has a
whole army of carriers dressed in uni
form to carry the qjail to the man in the
city while the man in the country, tlie
farmer, must go after hie? There are
millions of dollars spent this way every
year, and yet vou never hear any con
gressman complain. On a cold, wet day
yon farmers must.do without your mail
or split the mud to town after.it, while
the city gentleman sits and smokes his
cigar in his office until the carrier brings
it to his door. You and Mills'are agin
that law too, ain’t you?
Wm. Timmons, postmaster of Idaville,
liul., writes: “Electric Bitters has done
more for me than all other medicines com
bined, from that bad feeling arising froyn
kidney and liver trouble. John LestUb
farmer aud stockman, of same place, says:
•‘Find Electric Bitters to be tbe best kid
ney and liver medicine, made me feel like
anew man.” J. W. Gardner, hardware
merchant, same town says: “Electricßit
ters is just the thing for a man who is all
run down and dont care whether he livefe
or dies; he found new strength, good ap-*
petite and felt like he had anew lease /On
“life. Only 50 cents a boms at Ed. Del
ouest*j store. 2
.* To take the place
of a’corset—if you won’t wear one—try
the Ball waist.
That’s, just what you can do. You
can try it, aud even wear it for two or
three weeks, if you wish. Then, if you’re
not satisfied, you cau return it, aud get
Iu Missouri a county union refuses to
elect as its offioers men who oppose the
legislative demands so unanimously
agreed upon by our national body as
necessary to brin? relief to the depressed
farmer. At the organization of the
Fourth Congressional District Union of
Tennessee, before the election of presi
dent and congressional lecturer, Brethren
Bush, of Sumner county, and John J.
Jellicorse, of Smith, were asked if they
indorsed the demands for legislation
agreed upon at the Ocala National Alli
'ance .meeting. They both promptly
answered that they did. A member who
does not endorse them is, of course,
eligible to hold any office from the high
est to the lowest in our order; but breth
ren are tapidly embracing the idea that
men ought not to be placed in the lead
who are not in accord with the senti
ment and combined wisdom and action
of onr national body. We believe iu
.the largest freedom of thought, speech
hndaction in political matters; but if a
man can’t conscientiously agree with
the majority sentiment of our order,
and’feels that he is right aud the com
bined wisdom is wrong, don’t place him
where he can use his position and a
greater influence to prevent that unity
of action in demanding relief which is
absolutely essential to success. In mat
ters of detail or public policy, if every
man in the order is going to cling to his
individual ideas of relief aud refuse to
make any concessions, wo could never
hope for relief. If we ever succeed in
obtaining a redress for our grievances,
brethren, we must pull together just line
men in other avocations do. Tariff re
form and free coinage of silver are goo#,
but neither will alone' suffice while com
binations are forcing tlie price of the
products of the soil below The cost of
production, atul when they obtain the
bulk of the crops forcing them up again.
We offer you a remedy which if
used as directed, insures safety to life
of both mother and child.
Robs confinement of its Pain, Hor
ror and Risk, as many testify.
My wife used only two bottles of Moth
er's Friend. She was easily end quickly
relieved—is now doing splendidly.
J. S. Mobtos, Harlow, N. C.
Sent by express, cnarges prepaid, on re
ceipt of price. $1.30 per bottle. Sold by all
drug-gists. Book to Mothers mailed frse.
Bradfield Regulator Cos., Atlanta, Go.
& PENINSUAR R R.
FORMERLY THE F. R. A N. CO.
Standard Time used.—Dec. 15th IS9O.
~BT | 7 | SOUTHERN DIVISION | 8 | 4
ITSTp 10 10 a Lv Fernandina An 2 55 p y 40 a
840p1153 aLv Callahan Ar 145 p 730 a
9 So p 11 40 a Lv Jacksonville Ar 1 65 p 6 15 a
10 35 p 1250 pLv Baldwin Lv 100 a 545 a
11 87 r 145 pAr Starke Lv 11 46 a 402 a
12 54 a 2 44 p Ar Hawthorne Lv 10 41 a 2 35 a
1 30 a 3 11 p Ar Citra Lv 10 15 a 1 58 a
3 43 p ArSllvtrSprtngsLv 5 45 a
221 a. 400 pAr OCALA Lv 934a1 03 a
705 p Ar Homosassa Lv 700 a
435 a 530 p Ar Leesburg Lv 759a10 84 p
525 a 800 pAr Tavares Lv 730 a 950 p
915 a 735 pAr Orlando Lv 605 a 600 p
340 a 4 57 pLv Wildwood Lv 838a 11 45 a
618 a 017 p Ar Dade City Lv 655 a 945 p
625 a 735 pAr Plant City Lv 567 a 8 35 p
745 a 840 pAr Tampa Lv 500 a 730 p
220 p Ar Waldo Lv 11 23 a
I 2 56 p Ar Gainesville Lv 10 20 a,
6 45 pj Ar Cedar Key Lv 6 3ia
~Nos. 7 and 8 daily: 3 aud 4 dally.
FERN A N 1)1 N A & CUMBERLAND ROUTE.
NO. 60 NO. 6 FOR BRUNSWICK No. 5 NO. 61
io 00a 4 15 p'Lv Jacksonville Ar 8 50 a. 2 15 p
11 05a 6 50 p'Ar Fernandina Lv 7 15 aU2 45 p
7 OOpj j if Brunswick Lv |8 00*
All daily except Sunday. Daily steamers
between Fernandina and Brunswick connect
with all points. North, West and Northwest.
Snnday trains leave Jacksonville 8:40 a. m.
9 1 1 WESTERN DIVISION | 2 1 1
6 30 p 7 30 a Lv Jacksonville Ari 1 35 p|6 15 a
817 a 818a Lv Baldwin Lvil2 53 p 530 a
405 a 1 25 p Ar Monticello Lv 820 aB4O p
5 06 a 2 23 p Ar Tallahassee Lv! 7 45 a 7 00 p
818 a 319 p Ar Quincy Lv; r> 51 a;4 2 p
10 00 a 4 05 p Ar River J’n’n Lv: 6 15 a 3 00 p
7 30 p 10 10 f Ar Pensaoola Lv, 1 10 a:6 30 a
220a Ar Mobile Lv, 750 p
7 00 a Ar New Orleans Lv; 3 10 p;
6 50 a Ar Montgomery Lv 7 30 p;
227 aAr Louisville Lv 1210 al
652 (Ar Cincinnati Lv 7 60 p,
725 p Ar St LooiS Lv, 785 p
!tl 30 a;Ar Chicago Lv)3 50 p!
MONT ICE 1.1,0 A THOit
| 5 1 ASVILI.E LIMITED, | 6 |
7 m a Lv Jacksonville Ar 9 00 pi
ll2St Ar Montecello Lv 3 59 p'
12 18 a Ar TbomasvUle Lv 3 03 p
8 00 p Ar Montgomery Lv 7 00 a
11 15 p Ar Birmingham Lv 3 20 a
555 a Ar Nashville Lv 835 p
12 07 na r Louisville Lv 2 3 p;
408 pAr Cincinnati Lv 11 0 a
745 p Ar Si. Louis Lv 7 5 &i
9 | 1 1 SUWANNER ROUTE | 2 | 10
6 30 p] 7 30 a|Lv Jacksonville Ar 960 p! 6 15 a
800 p! 818 ajl.v Baldwin Lv 817 p 535 a
10 30 p, 9 55 a:Lv Lake City Lv 7 00 p 3 00 a
12 07 alO 53 a'Ar Jasper Lv 700p1 53 a
113ajU5Sa|Ar Valdosta Lv 501p12 50 a
647 a 532 pAr Macon Lv 11 00 a, 700 p
llWsj 930 p|Ar Atlanta Lv 665a’2 15 p
Nos. X, 2,5,6.9,10, daily; 1,2, Pulman can to
New Orleans: 9, sleeper to Macon; 5,6, sleeper to
Ticket office 88 W. Bay street, corner Hogan.
Depot foot of Hogan street, Jacksonville.
TV. H. HOPKINB.
Ticket Agent, Ocala.
A. O. McDONELL,! G.| P. A .
j X S. PENNINGTON, T. M.
fort****hare toe* mad e at
for u*, by Attua Pa**, Anatfn.
I, ami Jno. Bonn, Toledo, Obltx
at. Other* are dicing as wall. Why
<nt? £oin# earn war *
b. Tan cu do tb* work and Jiv
me, wherever yo are. Evan be
w* ere easily c-arain* from §5 to
iday. All *•* Wethowyoabcw
tUrt yots. Can work is apara ttea
1 the time. Pig money for work-
FalJure unknown erne** them,
r and waudarfrt!. Particolara frae.
B.Hullelt A C*.,ltoi
Photographer OTen has just received
j the latest improved Globe enameler ,lhe
best made, and will turn out only the
finest satin fin sh photographs.
FROM SAN LUIS and ANDALUSIA
VINEYARD, TALLAHASSEE, FLA.
E. DUBOIS, Manager.
Claret, Santernes, Hock, Port, Sherry
Send for price list.
Agent for Marion county, Ocala.
JOHN CLARK. SON A CO., Jacksonville.
We J. MCGRATH. Ocala, retail agents.
POUT Z 5 S
HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS
No Hotwwwffl die of Colic. Bor*"or\t no Fe
tek, II Fontz’s Powder* are used in time.
Foutz’s Powders will enre and prevent Moo Cholira.
Foutz’s Powder* Jdi: prevent Gapes is Fowls.
FontzV Powders will Increase tlie qnsntlty of millt
*nd cream twenty fee cent., and make the butter Arm
Foma’s Powders will cure or prevent almost evert
Disease to which dorses end Cattle are snbject.
Foltz's Fownsss will give Satisfaction.
DAVID E. FODTZ, Proprietor.
> This is tlie Season
When wL'jkev comes freouently into
'reqtiisacion til medicine. Adulterated
whiskies art injurious as adulterated
drugs, anujfWi rtfect on the system is pre
cisely! the —it kills. I would state
rom my owff knowledge that I. W. Har
per's Nelson County Whiskey is not udulj
te rated;,and •libat account I ctj^ recoin- j
mend it to tho^- seeking nn article fully
matured and fccftipulously pure.
20fb0ro IV. J. McGrath, Ocala, Fla.
Wilt be paid ioilmformation that will lead
to the recovery Of twa oil paintings (fruit)
which hung in Dr. Perint'; reception room,
over Merchanls’ National IBank. Please
communicate with John H.jßurchell. 51 4t
A guaranteed Cnro for Piles of whatever
kind or degvee—External, Internal, Blind
or Bleeding,' Itching, Chronic, Recent or
Hereditary. $1 00 a box; 6 boxes, $5.00.
Sent by nidi, prepaid, on receipt of prioo.
We guarantee to euro Bny caeo of Piles.
Guaranteed* and .'old only by
St, DaCL, Min*. July 15th, 1890.
Japanese Remedies Company—Gentlemen : I
have been a great snSlerer from both external
aud bleeding PiltS iW the last IS years. I have
employed the best insjltcal skill with little or no
relief until of life my H'e was despaired of.
From Ihe loss of I have become so weak
and debilitated i. was almost entirely unfit for
business. Four wtfeks ago I \yas advised to try
your Japanese Rejoiedies, and am happy to say
the first box stoppfll the hemorrhage, aud al
though I have us&omt two boxes, I am almost,
if not entirely c4ced, l think ft a wonderful
remedy, and wow raoejatpeud H to all sutfer
"RespocUn!K*g|is, W. L Lyons,
189 s. bj^a.
i For •tfT by *zer,
Dit. E. C. West’s Nerve and Brain Treat
ment, a guaranteed specific for Hysteria, Dizzi
ness, Convulsions. Fits, Nervous Neuralgia,
Headache, Nervous Prostration, caused by theuse
of alcohol or tobacco, Wakefulness, Mental De
pression. Softening of the Brain, resulting in in
sanity and leading to misery, decay and death;
Premature Old Ago, Barrenness, Loss of Power
in either eex. Involuntary Losses and Spermator
rhoea, caused by over-exertion of tho brain, self
abuso, or over-indulgeuce. Each box contains
one month’s treatment. SI.OO a box, or six boxes
for $5.00, sent by mail prepaid on receipt of prjeo.
WE GUARANTEE SIX BOXES
To euro any case. With each order received by us
for six boxe*. accompanied with $5.00, wo will
send tho purchaser our written guarantee to re
fund tho money if tho treatment does not effect
a cure. Guarantees issued ouly by
Anti-Monopoly Drug Store,
Sole Agents, Ocala, Fla.
YTAI!! T undertake to ttrff fly
111 1111 llteach a; v m :.) v.teiligent personofcith* r
K 1111 I la**, who < ii rt ud and write, and who,
((in) 1111 I latter iasti: -lion,will work industriously,
If V w to earn Three Thousand Dollar* a
Tear in their own localitiee,h< r verthejr Uee.l will alsofurnith
Ihe situation or which you can earn that amount.
No money for me unite* tic< owful ae above. Kasily and quickly
learned. I deeira but one worker from each district or county. 1
have already taught and provided with employment a large
number, who are making over tfIOOO a year each. It'* XKH
and SOM l>. IV.I particulars Kit EK. Addres* at once,
JE. C, AL.L.EX. Uox 480, Aucuatu, Aluine.
0. GROTHE, Ph. D,
(Successor to R. R. Snowden.)
Analytical and Consulting Chemist,
CORNKR POND AND EXPOSITION ST GETS,
Analytical work of every kind dene with speed
Dr. Grothe’s certificates are recognized in
Europe, and may be used as a basis for sale of
phosphate rock. Sdecwtf
0. A. FARRIS,
PRACTICAL BOILER MAKER,
Call on or address at--
Job Carpenter Shop,
COR. POND AND EXPOSITION STS.
J. L. Smoak’s New Building.
All kinds of buildin£and repairs promptly
and Deatly done. .Charges reasonable,
2febd w D. J. BURNETT
THE OCALA LIME CO.—
Finest Quality of Rock
For Bnilding and Finishing Wort.
All Packages tuscecte.l and Guaranteed; also
o&n sunpl. Biaxed lime at low figures, recom
mended everywhere for orange trees and ferti
Kiwuiaa c?a* for Catalogue.
TERRY M’F’RCO., NASHVILLE JENS
100,000 orange trees from three to six
years old; 15,000 budded, from one to
fonr years old, on sour stocks. Very low.
Apply to or address, R. A. Boyd, Red
dick, Fl*. 14nov6m
A. E. DELOUEST,
~ 0 O O o o o
I SASH AND DOORS,
The Ba ans at the Ocala News Depot include a full line of
School Book s, School and Office Supplies,
Blank Books, Ledgers, Day Books,
EYERTHING IN THE STATIONERY LINE.
Also Baskets. Fancy Goods, Dolls, Games,
Wagons, Velocipedes. Toys of All Kinds.
COME EARLY TO THE
THE OCALA NEWS DEPOT,
pURNIT UR E
iR i Should see THE OCALA FURNITURE
|-jp| NEW S T JCK OF FURNITURE
ly 1 Our Prices are LOW,
iijl Our Terms are LIBERAL,
jpj Our Goods are RELIABLE,
||ir What More can You Ask ?
R. R. SNOWDEN, Treasurer it. Z. SNOWDEN, Manager.
S. R. BIRDSEY. ALBERT H. BIRDSEY.
S. R. BIRDSEY & CO.,
MILLED BLO iX, MACWOL A STREET.
Ai o a complete Sine of Cooking andjileating
Stoves, Sash, Boors, Blinds, Paints, (6c.
HARDWARE & GROCERIES.
1> B. DUKES. !>• COURTNEY.
DUKES & COURTNEY.
The Corner Grocery.
FLORIDA CABBAGeT" jIjTOMATOES,
STRING BEANS, i KIT MAt KEREL,
BEETS, ! DUTCH HERRING,
CARROTS, H CHEESE,
PARSNIPS,' ■ : CREAMERY BUTTER,
TURNIPS, (1 KEROSENE OIL.
CELERY, i I PIG’S FEET,
POTATOES, j TRIPE.
ALL KINDS OF CANNED GOODS,! ARMOUR’S CANNED MEATS, PICK
AND’ CRACKERS. ELED BEEF, ETC.
IIAFELE’S FRESII BREAD, PIES AND CAKES DAILY
Highest Prices Paid for Country Produce,
DUKES k COURTNEY,
THE i T. V.<S
EVE 11Y DAY TO THE
North, West and East.
[DAIIA SCURDUr.K) Daylight Ohio
iIN EFFECT JAN 15 18911 Kxpr. -s Spceia!
Lv Jacksonville, 3F A W 8y... 7.00 am 8.00 pm
Lv Callahan, 8F &W Ry 7.85 am 8.55 j>m
Lv Waycross, SF <k \YKy 9.15 am 11.40 pm
Lv Jessup, ET V autSfc Ry 10.45 am 1.20 am
Ar Macon, ET V ajidG Ily 5.(0 pm 6.47 am
At Atlanta, ET V and GRy 8.85 pm 10.35 a ,r.
Lv Atlanta, ET V and G Ry... 11.45 pm 11.40 am
Ar Rome, ETV and GRy 2.45 am 2.30 pm
Ar Chattanooga, E T V and G.. 6.20 am 5.50 pm
Lv Chattanooga, Q and C route 7.20 am 6.30 pm
Ar Cincinnati, Q and C route... 0.20 pm 6.4 U am
Lvßome. KT Vand G Ry 2 85pm
Ar Knoxville, ET V and G Ry 11.50 am 7.05 pm
Ar Morristown, ETV' and G... 1,20 pm 8.40 pm
Ar Hot Springs, R and D Ry .... 10.10 pm
Ar Ashville.R & D Ity 11.35 pin
Lv Chattanooga, M and C Ry.. 7.10 am 8.00 pm
Ar Decatur M and CUy ......12.30 am 12 00 ui
Ar Memphis, M and CRy 6.40 pm _C.soam
EAST TENNESSEE FAST M AIL carries elegant
Pullman Buffet SleejieTa from Macon to Chatta
nooga, Chattanooga to Memphis, Chattanooga to
Clnclnnatti, Atlanta to Knoxville and Knoxville
OHIO SPECIAL carries elegant Pullman and
Mann Sleepers, day coaches, baggage, mail and
express cars from Jacksonville to Cincinnati with
out change; also from Chattanooga to Memphis,
Rome to Morristown, and Morristown to Asheville
For complete schedules and rates to all points,
and berth reservations any number of days in ad
vance, apply by wire or letter to
F. M. JOLLY, WSI. JONES,
Dist. Pass. Agt. Trav. Pass. Agt.,
75 \V. Bav st., Jacksonville, Fla
B. W. WRENN, CHAS. N. KNIGHT,
Gen. Pass. Agt.. Asst. Gen, Pass. Agt.,
Knoxville. Term. Atlanta. Ga
Florida Trunk Line.
THE TROPICAL TRUNK LINE,
J. T. & K. W. SYSTEM.
Covers One Thousand Miles of
Extending Southward from Jacksonville thro'
the central portion of the Peninsula and skirting
both the East and West Coasts, passing thro' the
orange groves, fruit and vegetable farms, and is
the only line reaching to the
COCOANCT GROVES * PINEAPPLE PLANTA
Of the Indian River and Lake Worth country.
TRAINS LEAVE OCALA GOING NORTH at
7.00 a. m. daily, except ;Snnday, and 1 55 p.
m.daily. GOING SOUTH 2.23 p. m. dally, ex
cept Sunday, and 5:55 daily. ARRIVE FROM
NORTH 8:03 r*. m. daily, except Sundav, and
5:85 p. m. daily. FROM SOUTH 7:00 a. in.
I daily, except Sunday, and 1:35 p. m. daily.
The bet equipped Line In the Sooth. For full
information, maps, schedule, rates, etc., address.
J. N. STROBHAR, Agent
G. D. Acxeklv,
Gen Pass. Agr.
Boss ana Express Service.
The old reliable ia now prepared to
move parties on short notice. Wagons
made purposely for the bussicess. Leave
orders with the boas driver.
djaaly Charles Myers, Manager.
Ocala Wagon Works,
N. J. KINGMAN. Proprietor,
My Specially, f36,50.
W agons Carriages
All kinds of 'Wagon Sup
plies always on hand.
2td * Goals. Fia.
Belle of Nelson Whisky
The only unadulterated, pure and
genuine brand of Kentucky, Belle of
Nelson Whisky. It is famous the world
over, and wherever the stars and stripes
float, there you will find this excellent
beverage. So famous has it become,
that imitation “belles” like Queen of
Nelson, King of Nelson, Pride of Nelson,
and other brands have sprung up like
“mushroor.s” in imitation, but none of
them have taken rank or found favor
with the original “Belle of Nelson.’
For this celebrated beverage, and other
well known brands of wines and liquors,
call on, at The Old Stand,
J. H. VEREEN,
Ocala, Florida. rachl2tf
County Abstract Cos.,
tSaeceaor to Bacm & Adams.)
Office in Fust National Bank Building. South
west our. Public Square, Ground Floor.
Before jou invest in Phosphate Lands, Or*
ange Groves, Wild or any other
kind of Real Estate in Marion County, it
would pay you to have an Abstract, so that
you will he sure your titles are good. Com
plete Abstract to any lot or parcel of land
in the county furnished on short notice.
Deeds, Mortgages, | etc, Drawn.
W. W. CLTATT, Jr..'
BACON & CRIBETT,
O:ALA, - - - - FLA.
Jan2S d2 wly
The Merchants’ National Bank
SURPLUS - $12,500.
OFFICERS • J*O.F. Dckh President. U. C. Wwaurr, \V~Prts.
/NO.F.DUNN, e. p. dbmdkes,
CIIAS. RHEINAUER, J. A. ROWELL
HARVEY KNIGHT. WM. ANDERSON
11. C. WRIGHT. R. B. MtCONNKU. 1.. M. THAYER,
CO RfIESPOS’DENIS :
Par* Bant or AVw York. ifarmcK .Satutwi Rout or flat™.
Xntim&l fiotik / Sovonsink Georgia.
Louisville Ranting Lotnjtntty. A’j,
Has the largest individual deposit of any hank in Florida. See sworn report to
Comptroller of Currency, December lPth, IStKI.
E. W. AGKEW Pres ~ W. hTToUCH, Vice l’uv
The First National Bank
Paid up Capital $50,000. Authorized Capital $150,000.
A. M°INTYRE, CASHIER.
Surplus Fund - $25,000.00
Undivided Profits - $2,862.87
Fully Equipped for Every Kind of Legiti
Uiisthc Largest Surplus, Largest!Line Jof;Deposits, and does the Largest Busi
ness of any Bank in Marion Countv.We solicit your Bank Account and all bn-i
--ness intour line, and guarantee satisfaction.
V \ *. *
.\ 0 •
*'<\V .-V’ K'%
v \v 4 T
■\> .. t. v ..
Vv O’ -Jr
Silver Springs, Ocala & Gulf R. R.
TIME TABLE NUMBER 17.
[ln Effect February 15th.]
co Q ! I r. _
V 5" STATIONS * “**> s2 2*
c> 2e's 6 ' 5 and
Jj _ *[ **■ *S[|g
19 Ola; 7 45a 4 00p Lv..„ Ocala _..1.v 1"; 5 mS 7 ,.
fc9 08*' : 7 55a 4 08p Agncw “ y 02b! 505 p 7 22n
2Oa 1 H 15a 4 20f> “ MarV>l '* x 50a 4 50p .. . 7 ]#(,
9w* * 37a 4lp * ...Leroy “ 8 :!7a 4 3Sp 0 57j>
*! ! 9 95a 4 50p. “ Juliette - ” h 2(a 4 (ftp. C4(h.
10 fX)B 5 10p 9 25a SOOp ** Ihllinellon “ 8 10a 3 4,'m v y,* c <w„
10 09a AISp 9 40a 609 p “ _....(>ulf Junction •* It Ola. :4 7 !iw, C2lr>
......... 5 40p ; A ’* Anita ......... " 7 30*
10 27a 10 (i',a 5 27p “ Cllronelle ” 7 43a 1 S iwi;
10 :!7a; 10 20a 5 37p " Park Place “ 7 8:oi 2 SAp ’ 6tSn
10 39a: 10 25a 5 39p “ Crystal “ 7 31a 2SOp ssi
UOOa —ll 00a COOp Ar Horaoaawta •• 7 10a| 2 ISp 6 sup
A. P. Mann, Jr, Gen. Mang’r. G. N.Saassy, G. P. A. O. (J. Finch, Acting Supt
Real Estate Agents,
Send for their circulars on Orange Groves, etc
P. 0. Box 358 Ocala, Florida.
. . THEt-
OLDEST, LARGEST BEST
Equipped Livery, Feed and Sal© Stable in South
Florida. Don’t forget the old^Z
RELIABLE LIVERY STAND
E. B. RICHARDSON,
17jan td Ocala, Florida.
--- ”” ■ r " Ln -
Has a complete line of all kind* of Suitings, ana guarantee#
work and fit at REASONABLE RATES.
AISPECIALTY MADE OF REPAIRING, CLEANING AND ALTERING
I Merchant Jailor, Ft. King ave
CAPITAL STOCK, (Pwd in) $lO ,000.
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