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VOLUME 53, NUMBER 29.
SENATORS GIT NEW ANGLE ON FRENCH TREATY Washington, July 30.—Senators who fconferred with President Wilson At the White House obtained a dis tinctly new impression as to the rea son why -the special treaty with Prance was signed by the president in Phris. The senators were given to understand that President Wilson himself did not believe the treaty was necessary, because his ialtb in the wmdihg ot the league of nations was so great that he felt that it would af ford France all the protection it would fever need in the event of fresh attackb by Germany upon the eastern frontier. But Premier Clemenceau was un willing to place entire dependence upon thfe league, the senators learned, and feared the downfall of bis min istry unless he could present to the people df his country a more tangi ble and concrete weapon of defense than the league appeared to him to be. Hence the binding agreement, which the senate now has before ; t, whereby the United States is asked to pledge Immediate assistance to Prance if the Germans should attack. A THE CONFEDERATE VETERANS TO MEET IN ATLANTA " A cordial invitation has been ex t tended to the Confederate Veterans to hold their next annual reuninon in the big hearted city of Atlanta on October 7,8, 9 and 10, and a big jubilee is in anticipation. The Sons of Confederate Veterans and. the Daughters of the Cohfed&rae? will in an auxiliary capacity, meet at the same tithe. The welcome will be unprecedented and hundreds will be in attendance. - ! FLORIDA CLUB ORGANIZED AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY New York, July 29.—Te.n thousand: students now at Columbia university,; among whom are a large delegation from Florida and the South, arfe at tending the most eventful summer session in the university’s history. They have just witnessed a big ad vanct? in the university’s policy to "provide a liberal education for all who desire it," no Chatter where they live, by the establishment of a sys tem of home study which will carry higher learning to the remostest cor ners of the Union. They comprise a student body which has broken all records for summer schools. Everywhere the war’s influence is in evidence. The curriculum shows his clearly, and the attitude of the >tudent body reveals an intellectual quickening unmistakably due to the chastening effects of the world con flict. A great many of the Southern stu dents who number ibore than 20,000, are teachers and they are keenly in- j terested in educational policies. They are unanimous in approving the step 1 taken by the department of extension teaching in favor of extending the university’s resources to the home. The university graduates among the Florida delegation agree with the university policy of giving no aca demic credit or deHrees for home study work, but‘to recognize it by a statement from the registrar of the university. The Southern club, com posed of seventeen states, is one of the most active aihong state organi zations of the summer session. It will soon present a big pageant in the university gymnasium. Each state will contribute some sketch characteristic of ith own history and tradition. The Flbrida contingent is now rehearsing itfe parts, while the nature of the production is being kept secret. * The Florida cltb organized at a well attended meeting held in Ham ilton ball. The following officers were elect ed: President: R. L. Turner ,of Inver ness. Vice President: B. F. Ezell, of De- Und. Secretary: Miss Nora Hart, of Tal lahassee. Practically every member was pres ent at the excursion around Manhat tan Island by boat which took place on Saturday afternoon, July 12, and other excursions to points of inter est in the vicinity of New York are being planned before the end of the W - session. • • ; J THE OCALA BANNER (CLARENCE WALLACE DIED IN AGONY IN THIS CITY Little Claffence Wallace, aged 10 yeais, met a tragic death at his home in this city at midnight Sunday. At 5 o’clock Sunday atfernoon he and several companions were playing around a pit in the fourth ward lrom which material is taken for the streets. The boy was making gestures, ex i plaining to tbe others a dive he had i made in Silver Springs. Tbe sand i underneath him fcaved in and he fell i j into the pit, and in doing so disturb ed a yellow jackets’ Dest. Several of j the yellow jackets stung him and tfie I boy died just seven hours Later in j great agony. The attending physician stated that I he was not. at all injured by the fall, j but that bis death was due to the . bites of the yellbw jackets. The j boy’s mothei\ who was nearby at the ; time saw her son fall and jumped into jthe pit after him. She was also stung i by the yellow jackets but not serious ; ly. Clarence is the son of a well known shoemaker In this city. The body of little Clarence, aoeoro . panied by his sorrowing parents and j other relatives and friends, was token ito Kendrick Monday afternoon and ■ the funeral services was held there. 1 Mr. and Mrs. "Wallace have the vym j pathy of the entire community in ■their great bereavement. | WAR INSURANCE OF SERVICE MEN ; The men who were in service dur ing the world war, who have dropped , their risk insurance, have the privil ege of reinstatement at any time with :in nine months by stating that they are in as good health as when dis charged and upojh payment of past, due premiums. This information has been recived from the bureau of war , risk insurance by the secretary of the Marion coufity board of trade. The secretaiy tias also received ap plication blanks' for reinstatement and application >blanks for the con i version of the war risk insurance into the permanent form of government in i eurance, and will be glad to give any : information and assistance that he can. i ' j ‘‘Due to the fact that a great many men weje’ discharged without being given, proper information concerning tbeir government insurance,” says a t letter to the secretary of the board ;of trade. “liberal provisions hav* been made for the reinstatement oi lapsed insurance. If a man has not paid any premiums since discharged, he may be reinstated any time within | nine months by stating that be is in as good health as when discharged and upon payment of past due pre miums. If he has paid any premiums I since discharged but has failed to . pay some of the later ones and has , lapsed for more than two months af 1 ter grace period, but less than nine , months, he may be reinstated by , furnishing a satisfactory certificate . from a reputable physician to the ef , feet that he is in as good health as ,at the time the last premium was , paid .together with back premiums." | There are lorms of permanent gov ! ernment insurance into which the war , risk insurance may be converted: I Twenty payment 1 life, thirty payment I life, ordinary life, twenty year endow-, i ment, thirty year endowment, and en- 1 , dowment maturing at ag/e 62. ! The war risk insurance act pro ; vides that before the expiration of i the five years specified for tbe war | risk insurance any person holding the government term insurance may con vert it into a permanent form of gov ernment insurance. If the insured does not so convert his term insur ance within the five years, it will ter minate at that time and he will he unable to obtain any further govern ment insurance. ADMITTED tO PARTNERSHIP Mr. W. B. Paschall, formerly of Waldo, for a number of years con nected in different capacities with fhe Seaboard Air Line Railway, has re cently purchased a half interest :n the John Dozibr Coompany, whole sale and retail dealer in hay, grain annd other feeflstuffs, and will here after be in the sale department. Mr. Paschall has the reputation of possessing excellent business qualifi cations and they expect to largely crease the business of the John Do zier Company. We extend to Mr. Paschall a cordial welcome to tnir city socially and in business and hope that he will pros per and long remain with us. I- ’ i Subscribe for the Banner, the lead ing paper of Marion county. THE NEWSPAPER—"WHAT IS IT BUT A MAP bF EUSY LIFE, ITS F L’JCTUATIONS AND VAST CONCERNS”—COWPER OCALA, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1919. THE UNITED ST ATES IN . THE GREAT WORLD WAR Her Aefeemenis Coliossal —ASi fast Records Broken-- fte Nalioio lay Wei Be Proud. When Senator Chamberlain, form er chairman of thfe foreign relations committee, reads the marvelous fig ures just compiled by Colonel Leon ard P. Ayers, chief cf the statistical brum h cf the general staff of the ar my. re will be art carded and perhaps and umbfounded. it will be lemembered when a crisis was on and the tension was greatest; when the bravest of us were in doubt as to the outcome, we were stunned by a statement from Senator Chamberlain that “every hu man of every department ot the gov ern ment had fallen down” —“that the war department has ceased function ng.” Thi ! startling and benumbing an nouncement was made in a public ad diess in the city of flew York on a platform with the late Ex-President Roosevelt., who at the time was a formidable critic, ot the administra tion. When the secretary of war made the statement before the foreign re lations committee that the war tle parmect would have a million sol dier”, in France fully armed and equipped by tbe end of the year the statement was laughed to scorn as incredulous and the secretary of war was thought to be beside himself. The figures compiled by Colonel! Ayers tell a startling story of achieve ment. The following terns- will prove in-) i electing: The British ect more men to France In their first year of war than we did in our first year, but it took England throe years to teach a strength of 2.000,000 men in France, and the United States accomplished in one-half that time. Mo-'t of the troops who sailed for'; France left New York. Half of them landed in England and the other half iR France. 1 Of every one hundred Americans who went over, forty-nine went in British ships, forty-five in American ships, three in Italian, two in French and one in Russian shipping under English control. American cargo ships averaged one complete trip every seventy days and troop ships one complete trip every thirty-five days. . . i The cargo fleet was almost entire ly American. It reached the size uf 2,600,000 deadweight tons and car ried to Europe about 7,600,000 tons of cargo * Work o fthe Engineers 1 American engineers built in France eighty-three new ship berths, 1,000 miles of standard gauge track and 583 miles of narrow gauge track, i The signal corps strung in France 100,000 miles of tfeltephone and tele graph wire. j Prior to the armistice 40,000 trucks i were shipped to the forces in France. Construction projects in the United States cost twice As much as the Pan ama canal, and construction over seas was on nearly twice as large a stale. The entire number of American machine guns produced to the end of 1918 was 227,000. The Browning machine guns are believed to be mote effective thaD the corresponding weapon used in any army. American production of rifle am munition amounted to approximately 3.500,000.000 rounds, of which 1,500,- 000,000 rounds wete shipped overseas. The number of rounds of complete artillery ammunition produced in Am erican plants was In excess of 20,000,- 000. compared with 3,000,000 rounds secured from the French and British. In the first twenty months after the declaration of wat by each country the British did better than the Uni ted States in the production of light artillery, and the United States ex celled them in producing heavy artil lery and both light and heavy am munition. At the end of the war American production of smokeless powjjer was forty-five per cent greater than the French and British production com hined. The Ameziean production of high explosives was forty per cent greater than Great Britain’s and near ly double that of France. | Out of every hundred days ihat American combat divisions were j* line in France they tfrere supported by tbeir own artillery for seventy- 1 five days, by British artillery for five* days and by French for one and ai half days. In round numbers America had in' France 3,500 pieces of artillery, of> which nearly 500 were made in Am ! erica, and Americans ilsed on the fir- 1 ing line 2,250 pieces of which over* 100 were made in America. Airplance Production When the United States the war the allies made the designs * of their planes available to Ameri*' cans, and before the end of hostilities furnished from their own manufac- * ture 38,000 j service planes. Aviation training schools in the United States graduated 8,602 menj from elementary courses aDd 4,025! fiom advanced coursfes. More than, 5,000 pilots and observers were sent overseas. There were produced in the United | States to November 30, 1918, more than 8,000 training planes and more than 16,000 training engines. The American air force at the front grew from three squadrons in April: to forty-five in November, 1918. On' November 13 the forty-five squadrons had an equipment ot 740 planes. Of 2,698 planes sent tc the zone of the advance for American aviators, I 667 or nearly one-fourth, were of Am j eri .an production. f -f S3 W . SgffA&An ftOughjf down in combat 765 3nemy ‘ planed while their own losses of plahes num bered only 357. American divisions were in battle for two hundred days and engaged in ' thirteen major operations. From the middle of August until the end of the War American divis ( ions held during the greater part of the time a front longer than that held by the British. U. S. Troops Engaged in Single Battle In October the American divisions held 101 miles of line of twenty-three per cent of the entire western front, j In the battle Of St. Mihiel 550,000 Americans were engaged, compared j with about 100,<K)0 on the northern j side in the battle of Gettysburg. The artillery fired mere than one million shells in four hours, which is the most intense concentration of artil-' lery fire recorded in history. The Meuse-Argenne battle lasted for forty-seven days during which 1,-' 200.000 American troops were engag-j ed. The Wlbney Cost The war cost the United States di-i rectly about $23*900,000,000, or near ly enough to pay the entire cost of running the American government from 3791 up to the outbreak of the] European war. For every hundred American soldiers and sailors who served in the w&r with Germany two were killed or died of disease during the period of hostilities. The number, of men serving in the armed forces of the nation daring the war was 4 800,000, of whom 4,000,000 served *n tbe armv. Some of the Figures The war cost the United States con siderably more than $1,000,000 an hour for over two years. America’s expenditures in the war were sufficient to have carried on the Revolutionary war continuously for more than a thousand years at the rate of expenditure which that war : actually involved. During the first three months ex-j penditures were at the rate of $2,-| 000.000 a day. During the next year, they averaged more than $22,000,000] a day. For tbe final ten months the. daily average was over $44,000,000. j The total war costs of all nations) Were about $186,000,000,000, of which] the allies and the United States spent two-thirds and the enemy one-third. The three nations spending the greatest amounts were Germany, Great Britain and France, in that or der. After them come the United States and Austria-Hungary. with sub- , ENJOYING AN AUTOMOBILE OUT ING ■ The Marion county friends cf Mr. Edwin W. t>avis will be pleased to know that since going tc Orlando he has butted Up against big wads of prosperity and is enjoying the same J in a nice and sane manner. Satur day he passed through Ocala in his Pierce-Arrow accompanied by Mrs. Davis, and two of his sons, Robert and William, dn tbeir way to Shell ( Island, where after spending a few days they will leave the boys and Mr. and Mrs. Davis will then take an automobile tour of the west, their , principal point of destination being Chicago. j Tbe law firm Of which Mr. Davis is a member is doing a very fine prac j tice. TWO PECKS PEANUTS PER CAPITA j The South’s peanut crop this year j promises to be 1,000,000 bushels lar- I ger than last year. Forecasts of the | crop in the various states just an j nouneed by the department of agri , culture, which based its estimates on I conditions existing July 1, show a to- I tal crop of 55,531,000 bushels, com-; pared with 54,434,000 last year, j Alabama leads as a producer, grow- I ing morfel tjban ofie-quarter ol the I country’s output, but her crop this; year shows a decrease of 1,700,000; ( bushels from last gear’s, j All the other peanut growing states | east of the Mississippi river excepting Florida also show smaller crops this year, while Arkansas, Texas, and , Oklahoma show increases. Texas with jan increase ol almost 5,000,000 bush-i els, makes this year’s total crop forj the country larger than last year’s. The country’s peanut acreage this* year is 1,738,400 a decrease oL .23 per cent from the acreage of last I ,year. Arkansas Was the only state showing an increase in acreage. JOY RIDING IN THE CLOUDS j. Those winnged bird* of tbe air fvrore. wfttb usi again Sunday. They mad* tbe txyr from * beacjjl ,in S6 minutes and. went nearly to j Lake Weir before discovering that , they were off tbe- direst route. Had ( they come direct they would have covered the distance in 50 minutes. ; On Monday they made a trip to the • University City in 25 minutes, i This leads to the conclusion^that joy riding in the clouds is going to be among the new shorts of civilization. ;In the recent salfes of airplanes by t the government five hundred persons bought machines for the purpose if ( spending their leisure hours navi gating the air. j What delights are in store for the youth of today. I • j Mr. W. W. Stripling, Marion coun ty’s efficient tax collector, is back at. his desk after enpoying a most de- ( , lightful trip to the mountains of. North Carolina. He says that many) Floridians are speeding the summer, in the mountains aWI are getting thei very best of life. i- | stantially equal expenditures, i The United States spent about one-j eighth of the entire cost of the war, and something less than one-fifth ff, the expenditures of the allied side. I J The total battle deaths of all na- 4 tions in this war were greater than| all deaths in all the wars in the, pre-, vious’hundred years. Russian battle deaths were thirty ! ,four times as heavy as those of the| .United States, those of Germany thirty-two times as great, France twenty-eight times, and the British eighteen times as large. Infantry Suffered Most In the American army tbe casualty rate in the infantry wae higher than in any other service* and that for of-| fieers was higher than that for men ! For every man killed battle sev-j eD were wounded. Five out of every.-six' men sent ?<> the hospital on account of wounds | were cured and ieturned to duty. • Pneumonia killed more soldiers j than were killed in battle. Meningit . is was the next most serious disease. In the physical examinations the; ; states of the middle west made the' .best showing. Country boys did bet-' , ter than city boys, white better than) j colored and native better than for eign bom. No bureau in any department at 1 any time had “fallen down” and the world never beheld such "function ing.” Secretary Baker was the right man in the right place. STATE MILITIA IS ORDERED OUT IN CHICAGO Chit ago, July TC*. —Orders were giv en tonight for three regiments of mb J litia to go on huty in the black dis trict. The request for the troops wag made by Mfiyor Thompson when r# ports of fresh rioting aud gathering by large mobs of whites and tiackg were received. Governor LowdcD. who remained !q conference with Mayor Thompson and Adjutant General Dickson, -fated that the militia would take full charge ofl the situation. Bight thousand mditi* men were under arms. State’s Attorney’s Statement Chicago, July 3f —State’s Attc>m*f| Macilay Hoyne made the folic wing statement tonight: “There’s only one way to handle the situation and that is to disarm then* people who art killing and woonding throughout the city. The police cao*| do this, ho the best method, in mg 'opinion, was to declare martial law. The situation requires stem and thor ough measures promptly applied. The soldiesr should be sent to ail sect tone | where there are disturbances and a Jstop put to this lawlessness. What l is needed is a thorough cleanup. "Every person feuilty ot rioting it subject to prosecution under the state laws. And these persons will be pros** ecuted by my office.” SALT SPRINGS AS A HEALTH RESORT j More and more Salt Springs is he ling sought for the medicinal virtues | of its waters. Rev. R. Strickland, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Luffmau and Mr. E. E. Perk inn from the neighborhood of Oak ang Griner Farm, having gone there last week to spend a couple of dayn left last Tuesday to spend an enure a fortnight, they mere so well pleotedl with their two da' Ystay. ' g / Later they* wliT.. ) joined by Itr. and Mrs. C- L. Luftbian of Oak aad Mr. and Mrs. T P. Griggs of Lynnnc. If there wbre a good road frosg Ocala to Salt Springs the* numbers flocking there would be largely mag* mented. Those who brave the roads aeg stay there for any length of tins claim to be greatly benefited. A FAMILY Mr. Peter Loos of Kendirck bag five sons in tbe big world war. AH of them are now back home and aH are wearing overseas stripes. Their names are respectively Jos eph, Abe, Paul. Timothy and Louis. The first named served two yeari and all the ten months, and all in different branches of tbe ap* 1 vice. With all the boys back safe aag sound, the Loos household is on ot | the happiest families in the county. MR. HENSLEY TO HEAD OCALA HIGH SCHOOL Mr. P. H. Hensley, who for several years has been the principal Df the Brooksville High Sdhool. has been elected principal of the Oca 1 High School for the coming term Mr. Hensley succeeds Mr. W. H. Cassels, who resgried his posit! m here to accept the principalsbip of the Palatka Hgh School. Mr. Hensley has the reputvnn of being a very fine teacher and an excel lent prneipal and it is expected that he will make the Ooala school a most successful chief executive. Mr. C. A. Harris, the popular freight agent of the Seaboard Air Linne Railday, has returned from a trip to Virginia where he left Mr- Harris and the children. He says that it rained every day while he wan away and the liters and mountain streams are on a rampage. IS OCALA TIRED OF THE NATIOIW AL GAME? Gainnasville, Orlando, Clearwatef | Leesburg, Eustis, Anthony, Oak ang 'nearly every city and town in Plan ida, big or little, has a baseball .team inn which is centered pardoning (pride—but ho wabout Ocala? Get 'busy, boys. Warm up. Don’t let the 'spirit of legitimate sport completely die out. The friends of Miee Lillie Mtlin Mf glad to see her ont agate after an | illness of a week or ten dsyg. SIJO A THAR