VOLUME 53, NUMBER 29.
NEW ANGLE ON
Washington, July 30.—Senators
who fconferred with President Wilson
At the White House obtained a dis
tinctly new impression as to the rea
son why -the special treaty with
Prance was signed by the president
in Phris. The senators were given
to understand that President Wilson
himself did not believe the treaty was
necessary, because his ialtb in the
wmdihg ot the league of nations was
so great that he felt that it would af
ford France all the protection it
would fever need in the event of fresh
attackb by Germany upon the eastern
But Premier Clemenceau was un
willing to place entire dependence
upon thfe league, the senators learned,
and feared the downfall of bis min
istry unless he could present to the
people df his country a more tangi
ble and concrete weapon of defense
than the league appeared to him to
Hence the binding agreement,
which the senate now has before ; t,
whereby the United States is asked
to pledge Immediate assistance to
Prance if the Germans should attack.
THE CONFEDERATE VETERANS
TO MEET IN ATLANTA
A cordial invitation has been ex
tended to the Confederate Veterans
to hold their next annual reuninon in
the big hearted city of Atlanta on
October 7,8, 9 and 10, and a big
jubilee is in anticipation.
The Sons of Confederate Veterans
and. the Daughters of the Cohfed&rae?
will in an auxiliary capacity, meet
at the same tithe.
The welcome will be unprecedented
and hundreds will be in attendance.
FLORIDA CLUB ORGANIZED AT
New York, July 29.—Te.n thousand:
students now at Columbia university,;
among whom are a large delegation
from Florida and the South, arfe at
tending the most eventful summer
session in the university’s history.
They have just witnessed a big ad
vanct? in the university’s policy to
"provide a liberal education for all
who desire it," no Chatter where they
live, by the establishment of a sys
tem of home study which will carry
higher learning to the remostest cor
ners of the Union. They comprise
a student body which has broken all
records for summer schools.
Everywhere the war’s influence is
in evidence. The curriculum shows
his clearly, and the attitude of the
>tudent body reveals an intellectual
quickening unmistakably due to the
chastening effects of the world con
A great many of the Southern stu
dents who number ibore than 20,000,
are teachers and they are keenly in- j
terested in educational policies. They
are unanimous in approving the step 1
taken by the department of extension
teaching in favor of extending the
university’s resources to the home.
The university graduates among
the Florida delegation agree with the
university policy of giving no aca
demic credit or deHrees for home
study work, but‘to recognize it by
a statement from the registrar of the
university. The Southern club, com
posed of seventeen states, is one of
the most active aihong state organi
zations of the summer session. It
will soon present a big pageant in
the university gymnasium. Each
state will contribute some sketch
characteristic of ith own history and
tradition. The Flbrida contingent is
now rehearsing itfe parts, while the
nature of the production is being kept
The Florida cltb organized at a
well attended meeting held in Ham
The following officers were elect
President: R. L. Turner ,of Inver
Vice President: B. F. Ezell, of De-
Secretary: Miss Nora Hart, of Tal
Practically every member was pres
ent at the excursion around Manhat
tan Island by boat which took place
on Saturday afternoon, July 12, and
other excursions to points of inter
est in the vicinity of New York are
being planned before the end of the
session. • • ; J
THE OCALA BANNER
(CLARENCE WALLACE DIED IN
AGONY IN THIS CITY
Little Claffence Wallace, aged 10
yeais, met a tragic death at his home
in this city at midnight Sunday. At
5 o’clock Sunday atfernoon he and
several companions were playing
around a pit in the fourth ward lrom
which material is taken for the streets.
The boy was making gestures, ex
i plaining to tbe others a dive he had
i made in Silver Springs. Tbe sand
i underneath him fcaved in and he fell
j into the pit, and in doing so disturb
ed a yellow jackets’ Dest. Several of
j the yellow jackets stung him and tfie
I boy died just seven hours Later in
j great agony.
The attending physician stated that
I he was not. at all injured by the fall,
j but that bis death was due to the
. bites of the yellbw jackets. The
j boy’s mothei\ who was nearby at the
; time saw her son fall and jumped into
jthe pit after him. She was also stung
i by the yellow jackets but not serious
; ly. Clarence is the son of a well
known shoemaker In this city.
The body of little Clarence, aoeoro
. panied by his sorrowing parents and
j other relatives and friends, was token
ito Kendrick Monday afternoon and
■ the funeral services was held there.
1 Mr. and Mrs. "Wallace have the vym
j pathy of the entire community in
■their great bereavement.
WAR INSURANCE OF SERVICE
; The men who were in service dur
ing the world war, who have dropped
, their risk insurance, have the privil
ege of reinstatement at any time with
:in nine months by stating that they
are in as good health as when dis
charged and upojh payment of past,
due premiums. This information has
been recived from the bureau of war
, risk insurance by the secretary of
the Marion coufity board of trade.
The secretaiy tias also received ap
plication blanks' for reinstatement
and application >blanks for the con
i version of the war risk insurance into
the permanent form of government in
i eurance, and will be glad to give any
: information and assistance that he
j ‘‘Due to the fact that a great many
men weje’ discharged without being
given, proper information concerning
tbeir government insurance,” says a
t letter to the secretary of the board
;of trade. “liberal provisions hav*
been made for the reinstatement oi
lapsed insurance. If a man has not
paid any premiums since discharged,
he may be reinstated any time within
| nine months by stating that be is in
as good health as when discharged
and upon payment of past due pre
miums. If he has paid any premiums
I since discharged but has failed to
. pay some of the later ones and has
, lapsed for more than two months af 1
ter grace period, but less than nine
, months, he may be reinstated by
, furnishing a satisfactory certificate
. from a reputable physician to the ef ,
feet that he is in as good health as
,at the time the last premium was
, paid .together with back premiums."
| There are lorms of permanent gov
! ernment insurance into which the war
, risk insurance may be converted:
I Twenty payment 1 life, thirty payment
I life, ordinary life, twenty year endow-,
i ment, thirty year endowment, and en- 1
, dowment maturing at ag/e 62.
! The war risk insurance act pro
; vides that before the expiration of
i the five years specified for tbe war
| risk insurance any person holding the
government term insurance may con
vert it into a permanent form of gov
ernment insurance. If the insured
does not so convert his term insur
ance within the five years, it will ter
minate at that time and he will he
unable to obtain any further govern
ADMITTED tO PARTNERSHIP
Mr. W. B. Paschall, formerly of
Waldo, for a number of years con
nected in different capacities with fhe
Seaboard Air Line Railway, has re
cently purchased a half interest :n
the John Dozibr Coompany, whole
sale and retail dealer in hay, grain
annd other feeflstuffs, and will here
after be in the sale department.
Mr. Paschall has the reputation of
possessing excellent business qualifi
cations and they expect to largely
crease the business of the John Do
We extend to Mr. Paschall a cordial
welcome to tnir city socially and in
business and hope that he will pros
per and long remain with us.
i Subscribe for the Banner, the lead
ing paper of Marion county.
THE NEWSPAPER—"WHAT IS IT BUT A MAP bF EUSY LIFE, ITS F L’JCTUATIONS AND VAST CONCERNS”—COWPER
OCALA, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1919.
THE UNITED ST ATES IN
. THE GREAT WORLD WAR
Her Aefeemenis Coliossal —ASi fast Records Broken--
fte Nalioio lay Wei Be Proud.
When Senator Chamberlain, form
er chairman of thfe foreign relations
committee, reads the marvelous fig
ures just compiled by Colonel Leon
ard P. Ayers, chief cf the statistical
brum h cf the general staff of the ar
my. re will be art carded and perhaps
it will be lemembered when a
crisis was on and the tension was
greatest; when the bravest of us
were in doubt as to the outcome, we
were stunned by a statement from
Senator Chamberlain that “every hu
man of every department ot the gov
ern ment had fallen down” —“that the
war department has ceased function
Thi ! startling and benumbing an
nouncement was made in a public ad
diess in the city of flew York on a
platform with the late Ex-President
Roosevelt., who at the time was a
formidable critic, ot the administra
When the secretary of war made
the statement before the foreign re
lations committee that the war tle
parmect would have a million sol
dier”, in France fully armed and
equipped by tbe end of the year the
statement was laughed to scorn as
incredulous and the secretary of war
was thought to be beside himself.
The figures compiled by Colonel!
Ayers tell a startling story of achieve
The following terns- will prove in-)
The British ect more men to
France In their first year of war than
we did in our first year, but it took
England throe years to teach a
strength of 2.000,000 men in France,
and the United States accomplished
in one-half that time.
Mo-'t of the troops who sailed for';
France left New York. Half of them
landed in England and the other half
1 Of every one hundred Americans
who went over, forty-nine went in
British ships, forty-five in American
ships, three in Italian, two in French
and one in Russian shipping under
American cargo ships averaged one
complete trip every seventy days and
troop ships one complete trip every
thirty-five days. . .
i The cargo fleet was almost entire
ly American. It reached the size uf
2,600,000 deadweight tons and car
ried to Europe about 7,600,000 tons
of cargo *
Work o fthe Engineers
1 American engineers built in France
eighty-three new ship berths, 1,000
miles of standard gauge track and
583 miles of narrow gauge track,
i The signal corps strung in France
100,000 miles of tfeltephone and tele
j Prior to the armistice 40,000 trucks
i were shipped to the forces in
Construction projects in the United
States cost twice As much as the Pan
ama canal, and construction over
seas was on nearly twice as large a
The entire number of American
machine guns produced to the end of
1918 was 227,000.
The Browning machine guns are
believed to be mote effective thaD the
corresponding weapon used in any
American production of rifle am
munition amounted to approximately
3.500,000.000 rounds, of which 1,500,-
000,000 rounds wete shipped overseas.
The number of rounds of complete
artillery ammunition produced in Am
erican plants was In excess of 20,000,-
000. compared with 3,000,000 rounds
secured from the French and British.
In the first twenty months after the
declaration of wat by each country
the British did better than the Uni
ted States in the production of light
artillery, and the United States ex
celled them in producing heavy artil
lery and both light and heavy am
At the end of the war American
production of smokeless powjjer was
forty-five per cent greater than the
French and British production com
hined. The Ameziean production of
high explosives was forty per cent
greater than Great Britain’s and near
ly double that of France. |
Out of every hundred days ihat
American combat divisions were j*
line in France they tfrere supported
by tbeir own artillery for seventy- 1
five days, by British artillery for five*
days and by French for one and ai
In round numbers America had in'
France 3,500 pieces of artillery, of>
which nearly 500 were made in Am !
erica, and Americans ilsed on the fir- 1
ing line 2,250 pieces of which over*
100 were made in America.
When the United States
the war the allies made the designs *
of their planes available to Ameri*'
cans, and before the end of hostilities
furnished from their own manufac- *
ture 38,000 j service planes.
Aviation training schools in the
United States graduated 8,602 menj
from elementary courses aDd 4,025!
fiom advanced coursfes. More than,
5,000 pilots and observers were sent
There were produced in the United |
States to November 30, 1918, more
than 8,000 training planes and more
than 16,000 training engines.
The American air force at the front
grew from three squadrons in April:
to forty-five in November, 1918. On'
November 13 the forty-five squadrons
had an equipment ot 740 planes.
Of 2,698 planes sent tc the zone of
the advance for American aviators, I
667 or nearly one-fourth, were of Am j
eri .an production. f -f
S3 W . SgffA&An ftOughjf
down in combat 765 3nemy ‘ planed
while their own losses of plahes num
bered only 357.
American divisions were in battle
for two hundred days and engaged in '
thirteen major operations.
From the middle of August until
the end of the War American divis (
ions held during the greater part of
the time a front longer than that held
by the British.
U. S. Troops Engaged in Single
In October the American divisions
held 101 miles of line of twenty-three
per cent of the entire western front, j
In the battle Of St. Mihiel 550,000
Americans were engaged, compared j
with about 100,<K)0 on the northern j
side in the battle of Gettysburg. The
artillery fired mere than one million
shells in four hours, which is the
most intense concentration of artil-'
lery fire recorded in history.
The Meuse-Argenne battle lasted
for forty-seven days during which 1,-'
200.000 American troops were engag-j
The Wlbney Cost
The war cost the United States di-i
rectly about $23*900,000,000, or near
ly enough to pay the entire cost of
running the American government
from 3791 up to the outbreak of the]
European war. For every hundred
American soldiers and sailors who
served in the w&r with Germany two
were killed or died of disease during
the period of hostilities. The number,
of men serving in the armed forces
of the nation daring the war was 4
800,000, of whom 4,000,000 served *n
Some of the Figures
The war cost the United States con
siderably more than $1,000,000 an
hour for over two years.
America’s expenditures in the war
were sufficient to have carried on the
Revolutionary war continuously for
more than a thousand years at the
rate of expenditure which that war :
During the first three months ex-j
penditures were at the rate of $2,-|
000.000 a day. During the next year,
they averaged more than $22,000,000]
a day. For tbe final ten months the.
daily average was over $44,000,000. j
The total war costs of all nations)
Were about $186,000,000,000, of which]
the allies and the United States spent
two-thirds and the enemy one-third.
The three nations spending the
greatest amounts were Germany,
Great Britain and France, in that or
der. After them come the United
States and Austria-Hungary. with sub-
, ENJOYING AN AUTOMOBILE OUT
■ The Marion county friends cf Mr.
Edwin W. t>avis will be pleased to
know that since going tc Orlando he
has butted Up against big wads of
prosperity and is enjoying the same
J in a nice and sane manner. Satur
day he passed through Ocala in his
Pierce-Arrow accompanied by Mrs.
Davis, and two of his sons, Robert
and William, dn tbeir way to Shell
( Island, where after spending a few
days they will leave the boys and
Mr. and Mrs. Davis will then take
an automobile tour of the west, their
, principal point of destination being
j Tbe law firm Of which Mr. Davis
is a member is doing a very fine prac
TWO PECKS PEANUTS PER
j The South’s peanut crop this year
j promises to be 1,000,000 bushels lar-
I ger than last year. Forecasts of the
| crop in the various states just an
j nouneed by the department of agri
, culture, which based its estimates on
I conditions existing July 1, show a to-
I tal crop of 55,531,000 bushels, com-;
pared with 54,434,000 last year,
j Alabama leads as a producer, grow-
I ing morfel tjban ofie-quarter ol the
I country’s output, but her crop this;
year shows a decrease of 1,700,000;
( bushels from last gear’s,
j All the other peanut growing states
| east of the Mississippi river excepting
Florida also show smaller crops this
year, while Arkansas, Texas, and
, Oklahoma show increases. Texas with
jan increase ol almost 5,000,000 bush-i
els, makes this year’s total crop forj
the country larger than last year’s.
The country’s peanut acreage this*
year is 1,738,400 a decrease oL
.23 per cent from the acreage of last I
,year. Arkansas Was the only state
showing an increase in acreage.
JOY RIDING IN THE CLOUDS
j. Those winnged bird* of tbe air
fvrore. wfttb usi again Sunday. They
mad* tbe txyr from * beacjjl
,in S6 minutes and. went nearly to
j Lake Weir before discovering that
, they were off tbe- direst route. Had
( they come direct they would have
covered the distance in 50 minutes.
; On Monday they made a trip to
the • University City in 25 minutes,
i This leads to the conclusion^that
joy riding in the clouds is going to be
among the new shorts of civilization.
;In the recent salfes of airplanes by
t the government five hundred persons
bought machines for the purpose if
( spending their leisure hours navi
gating the air.
j What delights are in store for the
youth of today.
j Mr. W. W. Stripling, Marion coun
ty’s efficient tax collector, is back at.
his desk after enpoying a most de- (
, lightful trip to the mountains of.
North Carolina. He says that many)
Floridians are speeding the summer,
in the mountains aWI are getting thei
very best of life.
stantially equal expenditures,
i The United States spent about one-j
eighth of the entire cost of the war,
and something less than one-fifth ff,
the expenditures of the allied side. I
J The total battle deaths of all na- 4
tions in this war were greater than|
all deaths in all the wars in the, pre-,
Russian battle deaths were thirty !
,four times as heavy as those of the|
.United States, those of Germany
thirty-two times as great, France
twenty-eight times, and the British
eighteen times as large.
Infantry Suffered Most
In the American army tbe casualty
rate in the infantry wae higher than
in any other service* and that for of-|
fieers was higher than that for men !
For every man killed battle sev-j
eD were wounded.
Five out of every.-six' men sent ?<>
the hospital on account of wounds
| were cured and ieturned to duty. •
Pneumonia killed more soldiers
j than were killed in battle. Meningit
. is was the next most serious disease.
In the physical examinations the;
; states of the middle west made the'
.best showing. Country boys did bet-'
, ter than city boys, white better than)
j colored and native better than for
No bureau in any department at 1
any time had “fallen down” and the
world never beheld such "function
Secretary Baker was the right man
in the right place.
IS ORDERED OUT
Chit ago, July TC*. —Orders were giv
en tonight for three regiments of mb
J litia to go on huty in the black dis
trict. The request for the troops wag
made by Mfiyor Thompson when r#
ports of fresh rioting aud gathering
by large mobs of whites and tiackg
Governor LowdcD. who remained !q
conference with Mayor Thompson and
Adjutant General Dickson, -fated that
the militia would take full charge ofl
the situation. Bight thousand mditi*
men were under arms.
State’s Attorney’s Statement
Chicago, July 3f —State’s Attc>m*f|
Macilay Hoyne made the folic wing
“There’s only one way to handle the
situation and that is to disarm then*
people who art killing and woonding
throughout the city. The police cao*|
do this, ho the best method, in mg
'opinion, was to declare martial law.
The situation requires stem and thor
ough measures promptly applied. The
soldiesr should be sent to ail sect tone
| where there are disturbances and a
Jstop put to this lawlessness. What
l is needed is a thorough cleanup.
"Every person feuilty ot rioting it
subject to prosecution under the state
laws. And these persons will be pros**
ecuted by my office.”
SALT SPRINGS AS A HEALTH
j More and more Salt Springs is he
ling sought for the medicinal virtues
| of its waters.
Rev. R. Strickland, Mr. and Mrs.
J. F. Luffmau and Mr. E. E. Perk inn
from the neighborhood of Oak ang
Griner Farm, having gone there
last week to spend a couple of dayn
left last Tuesday to spend an enure
fortnight, they mere so well pleotedl
with their two da' Ystay. ' g
/ Later they* wliT.. ) joined by Itr.
and Mrs. C- L. Luftbian of Oak aad
Mr. and Mrs. T P. Griggs of Lynnnc.
If there wbre a good road frosg
Ocala to Salt Springs the* numbers
flocking there would be largely mag*
Those who brave the roads aeg
stay there for any length of tins
claim to be greatly benefited.
Mr. Peter Loos of Kendirck bag
five sons in tbe big world war. AH
of them are now back home and aH
are wearing overseas stripes.
Their names are respectively Jos
eph, Abe, Paul. Timothy and Louis.
The first named served two yeari
and all the ten months, and
all in different branches of tbe ap*
With all the boys back safe aag
sound, the Loos household is on ot
| the happiest families in the county.
MR. HENSLEY TO HEAD OCALA
Mr. P. H. Hensley, who for several
years has been the principal Df the
Brooksville High Sdhool. has been
elected principal of the Oca 1 High
School for the coming term
Mr. Hensley succeeds Mr. W. H.
Cassels, who resgried his posit! m
here to accept the principalsbip of
the Palatka Hgh School.
Mr. Hensley has the reputvnn of
being a very fine teacher and an excel
lent prneipal and it is expected that
he will make the Ooala school a most
successful chief executive.
Mr. C. A. Harris, the popular
freight agent of the Seaboard Air
Linne Railday, has returned from a
trip to Virginia where he left Mr-
Harris and the children. He says
that it rained every day while he wan
away and the liters and mountain
streams are on a rampage.
IS OCALA TIRED OF THE NATIOIW
Gainnasville, Orlando, Clearwatef
| Leesburg, Eustis, Anthony, Oak ang
'nearly every city and town in Plan
ida, big or little, has a baseball
.team inn which is centered pardoning
(pride—but ho wabout Ocala? Get
'busy, boys. Warm up. Don’t let the
'spirit of legitimate sport completely
The friends of Miee Lillie Mtlin Mf
glad to see her ont agate after an
| illness of a week or ten dsyg.
SIJO A THAR
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