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Volume 56; Number 4.
SHALL “BLUE LAr BE IH FORGED BF LEGiaJIIOR? Washington, D. C., Jan. 26, 1921. To the Editor Banner: Can we impose upon your generosity in giving space to the following me morial and thus give voice to a large number of sincere religious thinkers who would be injured by the proposed Sunday legislation. If you will do so you will confer a favor upon a large number of God fearing and God loving believers. Very truly, C. S. LONGACRE. A Memorial Adopted by the General Conference Committee of Seventh-day Adventists. We are Christians and believe in the total separation of the church and the state. As Christians, we believe in the American idea of government, and the constitutional principles upon which it is founded, and honor the men who so nobly stood for the principles of civil religions liberty. Their princi ples are our principles. As Christians, we believe in God, and recognize Jesus Christ his Son, as our divine Saviour and Mediator, through whom we have redemption from sin; and in the Holy Spirit as the divine power in the regeneration of the heart. We believe that the Holy Scriptures are divinely inspired, and of supreme authority in all spirit ual things, and that each individual should be left free to follow this infal lible word as conscience and the Holy Spirit may dictate 1 , untrammeled by any interference by the civil Magis trate. V. %' As Christians, we recognize that civil government is of divine appoint ment, ordained for the peace and preservation of society, that it is su preme in the sphere of civil matters, and most cheerfully subscribe to the principle divinely commanded Jby the S6n of God in Judea, to “render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s, and unto God the things that are food's.” A failure to recognize the distinction between civil and religious duties has been the primary cause of all the religious persecutions of the past. We believe that the Constitution has withheld from the federal gov ernment the right to invade the soul of man and dictate to him what he shall believe. In the realm of reli gion the state has no constitutional authority. We are left free to believe or not believe; to worship any god or no god, to observe a Sabbath or not observe It, as conscience may dictate. The state is to direct in civil ques tions. and these only. With man’s relations to his Creator, it has no au thority whatsoever. It is to protect : all, and to interfere with none. For tbfg reason we protect against any en croachment of the civil power into the spiritual realm. The strong organized efforts being put forth at the present time to do this are destructive both to the church and the state, and how ever innocent they may appear, if successful, will eventually destroy the pillars upon which our government is founded. Sabbath-keeping is not a civil but a religious duty. Congress therefore has nothing whatever to do with the question of its observance. Such leg islation is forbidden by the first amendment to the constitution which declares that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion .or prohibiting the free exer cise thereof.” The fourth of July. Washington’s birthday. Memorial day. are civil ins titutions. and their observance is *cver made compulsory. But the Sab bath is a religious institution. Its ob servance is not a civil duty, but a re ligious act. It is worship rendered to the Creator, its violation is a spir itual. not a civil offense. Its obser vance includes the very thoughts and Purposes of the heart, and its vio ation is sin. net crime, and can be Punished only at the tribunal of the anrersal Judge. Only those whose hearts God has changed, can truly tUm * holv Sabbath. As bo legisla by Congress can change the bu to ®toke citizens perform li™* I** 1 ** ac * when they are not re- T** o**’ 0 **’ *• enforce hypocrisy by! , V ' . j V %*** BWth law there Till- OCALA BANNER * V TIE NEWBPAPER—-WHAT 18 IT BUT A MAP OP BUSY LIFE, ITB FLUCTUATIONS AND VABT CONCERNS”—COWPER is was spoken by Jehovah from Sinai. This law declares that the seventh day of the week is God’s appointed rest day. To enforce by law the ob* servance of Sunday, or any other day of the week as a day of rest, involves an interpretation of the law of God, and the deciding of a religious con troversy. But defining the laws of God, and determining what dogma or religion is true, or what is false, isf not the legitimate province of Con gress. Such legislation is a step to ward the union of the church and the state, and however distant it may be from the inquisition of other times, it prepares the way for the ejftrcise of religious bigotry and intolerance. It was the following of this wrong principle that darkened the world for more than a millennium. Sunday legislation is a returning to Colonial days when the religious dog mas of a few were Enforced by law, and so-called witches were burned, Quakers whipped and hanged, their property confiscated, aid the prisons chocked with dared to wor ship according to the dictates of con science. Others were banished, the untutored Red Man of the forest be coming the conservator of religious freedom. As our Constitution reeog nizes that every person has a right to choose his own religion, or to have no religion, and be free from police molestation, we are therefore, oppos ed to any legislation compelling a day of rest, knowing that it is in prin ciple a union of the church and the state, and lays the foundation for a desolating scourge similar to the dark ages. Sunday laws result in persecution as the past clearly shows. In a num ber of states where these iniquitous laws are on the statute books, devot ed, God-fearing persons have been spied upon, meddled with, imprisoned and even worked in chain gangs for no other reason than exercising their God-given and Constitutional right to work six days, and rest on the seven th day of the week as the Lord com manded. Companies of worshipers, and other peaceable gatherings are protected by law every day in the week. No special legislation is therefore neces sary to afford civil protection to citi zens on Sunday more than on other days of the week. That which is civil on other days is civil on Sunday. Hon est labor is no more uncivil on Sun day than on Monday. It is only reli gious prejudices which are disturbed by labor on this day more than on other days. Religious services are held every day in the week. Funerals are held daily in churches while work is continued as usual, and no special legislation is necesssary. Then why thought necessary for Sunday? For no other reason, it would appear, than to protect a day which the majority regard as holy. But bolstering of soxpe particular theological dogma, and protecting the / religious prejudic es of citizens is not the business of Congress. * We believe in Sabbath-keeping and that it is the legitimate wok-k of min isters and all the religious element of the nation to bring all the moral per suasion possible upon young and old, believer# and unbelievers, to keep holy the day. of rest which they be lieve to be divinely appointed. We are doing this as a denomination. But moral suason is the only weapon of force the church can legitimately use. All are not even agreed as to which day is the Sabbath, and we are oppos ed to the national legislature entering the field of religion, and deciding a religious controversy, and establishing a precedent which, if followed to its legitimate end, will lead our fair land into a career of intolerance and fan into a flame the smouldering embers of religious oppression. The keeping of a Sabbath is a religious duty, and like all religious duties is rendered, not to the state, but to God. * \ ' Its observance is therefore not de finable by Congress. Should Congress' pass a law enforcing the religious dog ma of a Sabbath, this will not be the "Other religious legislation will follow, and where the end would he no human foresight can foretell. ■ (Continued on Page Sight) .if THE OCALA BANNER.FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 1921. CRYSTAL RIVER CRATE COMPANY CHANGES HANDS Mr. Frederick Van Roy has . sold his interest in the Crystal River Crate Company to Mr. C. B. Root, formerly secretary of the Warnell Lumber and Veneer Company, Plant City, Fla., and his brother, Harry H. Root, treasurer of the Federal Land bank. Columbia, S. C-, and their associates. The Crystal River Crate Company was recently incorporated as success ors to the Baum and Van Roy Crate Company, which operated at this place for a number of years. The new company will increase their operations which will benefit our town because of the increased number of employes. Mr. Van Roy was president of the Baum and Van Roy Crate Company since its incorporation in 1914 and during 1920 served as president of the Southern Crate Manufacturers’ Asso ciation. He has not decided in what business he will be engaged in the fu ture, although he will continue to make his home here to handle his in terests consisting of‘cutover lands and other property. Mr. S. L. Stroup has been engaged as superintendent, tak ing effect immediately. A KICK ON FREIGHT RATES We also want to call the attention of the Railroad commissioners to the gross injustice of express rates. For instance: a ten pound package from Ocala to Summerfield, 16 miles, now costs 41 cents, while a 16 pound pack age from Atlanta, 400 miles, costs only 40 cents. When a kick is entered w* are told the rates are commodity rates; that is one article taking a higher rate than another article. Give us back the old time rates, whether its on ten pounds of sugar or ten pounds of lead and whether its a shor+ or long haul. The express and freight rates are an outrage and our railroad commissioners should see that the rates are lowered.—Summer field Chronicle. CAPTURED TWO DEER Mr. Ed Nolan, his son, Mr. Charley Nolan, and daughter, Miss Eunice No-! lan. relatives of Mrs. T. B. Barnes,' after spending two weeks visiting in j Ocala, one week of which was devot ed to fishing and hunting, nave re turned to their home in Miami. They pitched camp on the margin of Big Lake across the Ocklawaha river, near the big scrub and succeeded in kill ing two deer, quite a number of ducks and a quantity of fish. Mr. and Mrs. Barnes accompanied them on their bunting trip. POST MASTERS APPOINTED / . j, Among the Florida post-masters ap pointed last week by President Wil son were the following in Marion county: Mrs. Nora N. Mayo. Summerfield, Mr. Glen J. Pedrick, Dunnellon. NOTICE! To Advertisers TITE are making every effort to * give our advertisers the very best service possible, and in order to do this we will hereafter en deavor to get our paper in the mails by Thursday night or early Friday morning. Our advertisers are requested to help us in our efforts along this line by handing copy for advertise ment to our solicitor or sending it to the office not later than noon of Thursday. No ad. guaranteed insertion if received later than above stated. The Ocala Banner THE U. S. MUST LEAD THE WAY , FOR DISARMAMENT A special from Washington says that another of the American com missioners who helped draft the treaty of Versailles —Henry White, ambassa dor to France under President Roose velt —told the house naval committee that the time was ripe for world dis armament and that the United States should intitate the movement. General Pershing’s views will be sought next Tuesday. The committee already has heard General Tasker H. Bliss, former American representative On the su preme war council and a member of the peace delegation; Secretary of the Navy Daniels and Acting Secretary Davis of the 9taet department. Wheth er it will hold further hearings after Tuesday has not been determined. Mr. White gave it as his opihion that the great burden of taxation re sulting from the World War made the peoples of all nations anxious to cut ddwn on expenditures for armaments. He expressed it that the world was “crying for some agreement” to limit armaments as a means of reducing taxes. Would Have U. S. Complete Nit* Pro gram First Discussing the proposed “naval holi day,” the former ambassador said he did not think the United States should stop the naval construction it now has under way. He said he* would like to see the United States at the top when the disarmament discussion begins and suggested that the relative sizes of navies could be fixed by agreement of the proposed conference. He added that questions raised at the confer ence might show the “right of some nations—Great Britain for instance— to a larger navy than others.” Because of the threatened spread of bolshevism, the witness said. France might object to disarmament on land. In this connection he said that “the state of chos” in which Ger many had been kept up over the ques tion of reparations was doing more to open the way to bolshevism thanl any other single factor. As to the time of e&llin/ af confer ence. Mr. White said that should be left to President-elect Harding. He did not think President Wilson should call it as the fact that he would retire on March 4 might lead the other na tions not to take the invitation seriously. “I do not* favor the United States being the only nation to disarm.” said the former ambassador. m “The United States should take the initiative in the movement if a dis armament congress is held. Any gathering looking to general disarma ment should include France and Italy as well as the United States. Great 1 Britain and Japan.” the former am bassador said, “but discussions look ing to a reduction of naval building only should be limited, for the present NO NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE SIESTII6EDV at least, to Great Britain, Japan and the United States. “I think it would result in chaos i$ all the nations of the world were to be represented at the proposed confer* ence,” said Mr. White. “’Would not general disarmament open the way to bolshevism through out Europe?” asked Representative Britton, Republican, Illinois. “I think France might feel that way,” said the witness. “Thd keep* ing of Germany in a state of chaos* after reparations is opening the wafer to bolshevism more than any other factor right now, in my opinion. “The present conditions in Germany makes bolshevism a menace.” SAM SMALL COMING Hon. Sam Small, famous southern evangelist, editor and lecaurer, will be in Ocala next Sunday. He will speak at the Baptist church at il a. ■ I m., and at the Methodist church at i 7:30 p. m. The night service will be participated in by all the Ocala | churches. Sam Small has been oefore the public for the past thirty years, syid there is hardly a better known lec turer in the entire country than he. Asa co-worker with Sam Jones, he won the hearts of the people wher ever he went. As an orator and edi tor, as well as preacher, he has few equals. Doubtless great audiences will greet him at both 1 his appearances in Ocala next Sunday. His general theme will be “The Salvation of Un cle Sam.” The Boston Transcript says of Sam Small: “He is the great est orator the South ever sent to New England.” WE LOSE OUR COUNTY AGENT Wr. W\ A. Sessoms, our Marion County Agricultural Demonstration Agent, left Wednesday for Bonifay, where be will make his, future home. He was in every way active and efficient during his occupancy office of demonstration agent and his going away is a direct loss to the farming industry of the county. We regret very much to lose him and in so saying only voice the senti ments of those who came into con tact with him and knew the value of his worth. CARD OF THANKS Wo wish to thank our many friends for their sympathy at the time of the death of our beloved husband and father, and to thank them also for the beautiful floral offerings sent We extend our thanks also for the many kindnesses and attentions shown dur ing bis illness. Mrs. E. Clemmou and Children. - * NOTICE At the Pedro school house on Sat urday evening, February 12th, at 7:30 o’clock there will be a play. Little Ruth in Rush, followed by a negro farce. Stick to Your Word Gal. Music and refreshments. Admit tance 20c and 35c. Funds will gd td the Pedro Baptist church, Pedro, Fla. 6 breaks a ceM quicker than any There seems to be no new develop ments fa, the Siesta tragedy which re sulted in the death of Harry Higel, popular business man and former may or of Sarasota. It will be remembered that Rube Allyn, editor of the Florida Fisherman, one of the most unique, original and picturesque characters on the Florida press, is accused of the killing and has been bound over to await the ac tion of the grand jury which meets in March. Mrs. Allyn, wife of the prisoner, has taken charge of her husband’s paper and will also fill his part on the Chau tauqua program in Bradentown next month. Hon. John B. Singletary of Arcadia has been employed by Allyn to con duct his defense, waving a prelimi nary investigation. The relatives of the dead man, hare engaged Mr. Fred Thomas of Tampa, to work up evidence in the case, and have employed Hon. Thomas Palmer to assist in the prosecuation. State Attorney M. A. McMullen of Clearwater, accompanied by Detective Fred Thomas of Tampa, spent most of Tuesday at Sarasota examining wit nesses in connection with the murder of Harry L. Higel near his home on Siesta key on Friday, January 7, and for which crime Rube Allyn, a neigh bor of Higel’s, is in the county Jail here charged with murder. The two campers, Rodman and Rosener, who are camped near the scene of the crime on Siesta key, were among the witnesses who were exam ined. and when asked what impor tance was attached to their testimony, Mr. McMullen said he believed it val uable. It may be possible that some eye witness to the tragedy has come for ward with a story. At any rate the state attorney when asked to discuss the case said he had nothing to say except that he had become fully ac quainted with the circumstances now and that he did not care to make any of the evidence public at this time. Mr. Thomas was more liberal with his remarks. He stated that while he could disclose none of the testimony at this time he was still at work jpn the case and expected to clean up a number of details in a few days. The case promises to be the most interesting that has been tried in this county in many years. While Detective Thomas and the officers of Manatee county are work ing on every clue they can obtain, Col. T. W. Singletary. Allyn's attorney, is working on the defense. Allyn still maintains his calm composure in his cell at the county jail, and is besieged by visitors every day. Rube says he is confident that when the time comes for the trial that he will be exonerate ed. The officers are investigating every rumor and tracing every clue in order that they may be able to present more convincing evidence than that which has already been presented, or that they can if possible find that man who blame can be attached to without a question of a doubt. Stains On Bhoes and Trousers to Be Analyzed The state attorney issued instruc tions today to’ Sheriff Wingate to sen 1 the trousers and the shoes which Al ien wore on the morning the crime was committed, to a chemist for an alysis of the stains which appeared on the garments and 'which the offic ers believe to be bloodstains. The piece of iron pipe which was picked up a few feet frdm where Higel lav' and which was bespattered with what' undoubtedly was the life Mood of the unfortunate man also will be sent along for analysis of the stains on it. The trousers were found wet. as if they had been washed, at the Allyn home when Allyn was arrested. He was wearing the shoes when the ar rest was made. SIZE OF THE CONFEDERATE NAVY We are asked: What was the size of the Confederate Navy and what are the number of the survivors? wngut lor fto awer. $1.50 A YEAR