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FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 1921.
HEMS OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER ~-■ and stock grower == - - ; 7 ' -=:::r ; vC ■; : . : •v V v - pm l WmSm mmm life ■ '4 ' ■■■'.. • . • :. :• : j' ' ' , r I BPll ■ MR. E. C .BEUCHLER OF THE ANT HONY FARMS ON HIS PRIZE WIN* V . NING HORSE AT THE FLORIDA ST ATE FAIR. Courtesy of the Farm and Live St ock Record. Cane Syrup— They’ll Buy It if You Give Them a Chance Good cane syrup made on the farm by a man who knows how to make it! Is there anything more delicious for hot cakes? Knowing the demand for a high grade cane syrup and realizing also ih&t it is a profitable farm product in many Southern states, the United States Department of Agriculture set investigators at work to find out why more farm syrup was not on the mar ket In Department circular 149 the troubles of home syrup making and their cures are now set forth. Quality Varies With the Maker The quality of cane syrup depends more upon the man who makes it than upon the machinery he employs. Three men with identical machinery will Just Received!! Bolgiano Florida Special Tomato Seed Bitting & Cos. N. Magnolia St. • • Ocala, Florida Why man— we made this tfINBH cigarette for you! taHHEgal . ~*/JB|HH flf jPJj, I gf^r^y^Mi 1H IwSli WBr mMR 3Kte* BBS B flil ££ss bbw BK-'ta IMWMMb j^B M I fit your cigarette de- M jiji ‘Jlij l ! |gii> J sires so completely you’ll agree njMfejsl j|(ji||jfflfetw they were made to meet your taste! Unique flavor, fragrance and mel low-mild-body due to Camels qual *:f' * ity and expert blend of choice Turk /|l| ish and choice Domestic tobaccos if Ijps. are a revelation! You will prefer the C\ vW Camel blend to either kind of tobacco Vs *'yr-~C2 N smoked straight! With Camels you can go thelimit without tiring your taste. They / leave no unpleasant cigaretty after /a j - taste; no unpleasant cigaretty odor! MSM To £ et ane on wJl y Camels win o J | you so completely compare them / puff-for-puff with any cigarette in i&L the. world at any price. You’ll pre- make three different qualities of syrup. One may be excellent, the second not so good, and the third very poor, though juice from the same vat has been used throughout. In that differ ence in quality the chemists find the reason why homemade-syrup making does not flourish as it should. The housewife buys a can without a label and with no easy means of determin ing the quality of its contents. Per haps the syrup is excellent—her fami ly prefers it to the syrup from the fac tory—and she buys another can. Sooner or later she is bound to find that not all homemade can syrup Is good. One lot is packed in sticky, dirty cadis; in the next the syrup*is too thin and has fermented a trifle.’’ The next is unpleasant in flavor be cause it was made from frozen, cane. OCALA BANNEP. OCALA. FLORIDA Another can is half full or crystallized sugar—which is no fault at all, bu< she does not know that—and finally she goes back to the, factory product} which has the one great advantage) ipf standardization and by reason of its label, identification. Good Market Possible A farmer may build up a good mar ket for his own but it is an ex pensive, time-taking business. He may unite with several farmers and ship a carload of canned syrup to a mer chant, but if the syrup is not of a standard quality he will find it diffb cult to sell another carload to the same man. If he 4s well located he can sell his syrup to a factory in bar rel lots, though the price he receives will not be as satisfactory as if hfe could reach the customer of the mer chant directly. The solution is found in cooperation A number of farmers who grow vary ing amounts of cane unite to form a company with a capital of not less than 13.000 and seldom more than $5,000. The stock is sold. and. in a $3,000 plant. $2,000 goes to build a small cannery and to purchase vats and a boiler. The remaining SI,OOO is held out to absorb operating costs until the production is well under way. The idea, back of such a plan is this; To take all the syrup produced in a vicinity, grade, mix. steralize. and can it. then market it as a standard, stable ccmmunitv product rather than as he output of several individuals.; A h-ard and label are devised, and the label goes upon every can sent <flitf from the cooperative factory. This serves to advertise and identify the syrup when it reaches the market ’the farmers, not necessarily the stockholders, bring their syrup to the plant and receive cash amounting to what would be paid them by a com mercial factory. The syrup is strained to remove impurities and poured into a mixing vat where the various flav? ors are blended to form a single one. From the mixing vat it is drawn or pumped into heating vats, and there it is sterilized and reduced to a uni form density. It goes from the heat ing vat directly into the can—sterali zation aid prompt canning eliminate' danger of fermentation later on. Thd cans are then sealed, labels pasted on. and the cans crated for market. A Desirable Product As the syrup leaves the cooperative 1 factory it is a product that any mer chant is glad to handle and any house wife is glad to buy . Itl is a standard product with the label of a community to endorse its quality and to guaran tee that the second —or third—or one hundredth can, is as good as the first. When the syrup has been sold and the work finished, every association member receives an additional check for the amount of the difference be twen the barrel lot price, already paid him, and the selling price received foi* ithe improved product. Ten per cent of this goes baek into the company as part of a reserve fund. The cost of operating a plant which has a capaci ty of from 1,000 to 1,500 gallons a day ! is estimated to be close to $23 during .normal times; the cost of canning 100 gallons of syrup is estimated in the following table: Cost of Canning 100 Gallons‘of Syrup Management, canning operations and fuel $ 2.00 Labeling . 25 Crating and stacking .......... 65 Labels Crates 2 .00 Cans 12.50 SIB.OO The system proyides an outline for farmers who can raise a small crop i of cane and produce more syrup than j they will consume at the home table. ! It has the advantage that, as a system it may be reduced to accommodate a small business or increased to form a very large one that cab market all the cane product of an entire coun- ! ty. •• • • Moore Haven Will Become a Center Of the Florida Sugar Industry Sugar cane growing in the Moore I Haven district bids fair to become the leading agricultural business of that favored section. Judge John C. Gramling, of Miami, was the first to '•nter the sugar cane field extensively in the Moore Haven district. Judge Gramling, district attorney, and one of Miami’s leading lawyers, bas shown his faith in Florida as a sugar cane producing section, by planting 200 acres of cane. The farm contains 500 acres and is said to be one of the most valuable tracts of land in southern Florida. The two hun dred acres planted in sugar cane at this writig is a most beautiful and inspiring sight. No one can stand by and see this great acreage of cane and not be thoroughly convinced that the sugar cane industry has found its real home. Two hundred acres of cane standnig from 8 to 10 feet high when stripped and lopped, with }arge stocky stalks and long joints, is evidence beyond question ’that the Moore Haven lands are the ;eal sugar cane lands. It is estimated that this large field of cane will yield at least 30 tons of cane to the acre on an average, while, there are acres that will yield a larger amount, but when it is taken into con sideration that as a whole this field jf cane will average 30 tons of cane 01 the acre, it is a surprising yield.— E. W. Blackman. •* * • Numbers and Value of Live Stock In Florida 1920 The director of the census announc es the following figures from the census of agriculture of Florida: \ Of the 54,005 farms in- Florida, 47,- 490 report live stock. Horses are re ported by 31,888, sheep by 483, boats by 2,299, and hogs by 40,063. The number of horses in Florida is 38,570, which includes 35,500 hors es 2 years old and over, 1.473 colts irom 1 to 2 years old, and 1,597 colts under 1 year old. The value reported for horses is $4,552,315, an average of *118.0.3 per head. The number qf horses on April 15, 1910 (excluding spring colts, in order to make a fair ccroparison with the figures for Janu ary 1, 1920) was 45,029. The number of mules is 42,046, in cluding 1,042 colts under 2 years old, and 40,997 mules 2 years old and over. The total value is $7,773,851, an aver age of $184.89. In 1910, the number of mules (excluding spring colts) was 23,305. The total number of cattle is 638,- 981, including 518,350 beef cattle and 120,631 dairy cattle. Beef cows alone number 261,931 and dairy cows 71,- 641. The value reported for all cat tle is $14,755,935; for beef cattle, $10,313,459,* and for dairy cattle, $4,- 442 476. The number-of cattle in 1910 1 excluding spring ealves) was 750,- 935. • The number of sheep is 64,659, and of goats 45,890. The value reported for sheep is $318,242,' and for goats $146,331. The 755,451 swine reported include 383,053 pigs under 6 months old, 166,- 164 sows for breeding, 12,615 boars for breeding, and 189,228 other hogs 6 months old and over. The swine are valued at $5,744,892. The total production of milk in 1919 was 12,155,533 gallons, as compaerd with 12,532,428 gallons in 1909. The production of wool in 1919 was 162,- 294 pounds; of honey, 962,488 pounds; of eggs,-6,530,563 dozen;, and the num ber of chickens raised. 2,145,756. The value of all dairy products, ex cluding home use of milk and cream, was $2,361,196; of eggs, $3,069,365; and of chickens raised in 1919, sl,- 823,893. Domestic animals kept in village barns, city stables, and elsewhere not on farms, were reported as follows: horses. 7,596 in 1920, as compared with 14,073 in 1910; mules, 7,970 in 1920 and 7,606 in 1910; cattle, 26,973 in 1920 and 27,204 in 1910; bogs, 46,- 567 in 1920 and 22,098 in 1910. Of Interest to You— An important business transaction has just been concluded that will interest you because it concerns every farmer in this locality. It is this: From now on We Will Handle the Full International Line Harvesting Machines, Hay and Corn Machines, Tillage Implements, Plows, Seeding Machines, Kerosene Tractors, Threshers, Motor Trucks, Kerosene Engines, Cream Separators, Manure Spreaders, Farm Wagons, Feed Grind - ers, Binder Twine. The above listing covers all machines and implements represent ed by the service-renowned, time-honored trade-names: McCor mick, Deering, International, P. A 0., and Chattanooga. What Does This Means to You .4s a Farmer? It means, first of all, that you It means, also, that you don't can buy farm operating equip- have to go to the bother and ment of service-proved quality expense of trying to get repair and efficiency for every farm service from half a dozen or purpose from one concern—us. more different companies. And It means that you won’t be tak- you won’t be taking chances on ing chances on experiments or expensive delays waiting for re implements that might be “or pairs during your busy season, phaned” one or two years after because we are going to carry you buy them on account of the a big stock of repairs on hand, manufacturer going out of busi- and any extras that we might ness, because the Harvester not have in stock at any time Company is too well established can be secured in a hurry by a for its permanency even to be ’phone call to the International questioned. Harvester branch house. Tack this advertisement up in your machine shed as a reminder when in need of International repairs or ma chines. Clarkson Hardware Cos. OCALA, FLORIDA Ocala House Block, East of Public Square BSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSBSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSBSSBS SSSBSSBSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSBSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS^ AGENCY i H SPENCER W R PEDRICK A specialty made of parts for;Buick | | Autos. Prices consistent with | cost of same * GOODYEAR AND U. S. TIRES, VEST A BATTERIES *! AND BATTERY RECHARGING Up To Date Garage | ! ; With expert workmen at your service at all times. Promptness and Satisfaction Guaranteed. Gasoline and Oils PAGE THREE