J. F. HASKETT, Editor.
Entered at the postofflce at Bottineau N. D. as
second-class mail matter.
One copy, three months, in advance .60
One oopy, six months, In tidvance 75
One oopy, one year, in advance 1.60
Legal advertisements 75 cents per square, (the
apaoe occupied by 12 lines of "olid nonpareil: or
one inch) the first 50 cents each 6ub"ecjuent
Insertion. Ten cents a line each insertion for
the fractional part of a square.
General advertising |1 per inch per month
•liwle column. Double column, double rates.
Local notices 10 cents a line each insertion,
Bnsiness notices 10 cents a line first Insertion,
Scents a line each following insertion.
First class Job Printing promptly done.
FRIDAY OCTOBER 13
A PLEASING COMPLIMENT.
"The Democratic weeklies of North
Dakota largely make up in excellence
what they lack in numbers and one of
the be&t is the Bottineau Courant.
Editor"' Haskett gets a wonderful
amount of type set and the matter is
always of the kind most woith set
The above clipped from Bro. De la
Bere's excellent paper, is very pleas
ing to us and helps us to hold fast
to the pursuit of our ideal in the mak
ing of a wide awake country news
paper. If anything could reconcile us
to the difficulties of our lot it would be
the treatment we have received at the
hands of the North Dakota press. In
common with every man of woman
born, we like compliments. But bou
quets alone will not prove a sufficient
reward. We are sorry to say that we
receive more credit for our labors and
more support in our endeavors from
men who give it in spite of their po
litical views than we do from those
•who, from the aspect of political in
terest, ought to be vitally interested
in The Courant's growth and pros
perity. We say we are sorry—for
the sake of the party. We have
fought for the best interests of Democ
racy and tried to do our little part in
reviving the party in this state so that
it might perform its proper functions
and assist in the purification of the
state's political life and aid in stimu
lating the progress of our great com
monwealth. Even as a minority party
we have a great and useful mission.
Even as a minority party the few
democratic weeklies of the state
ought to be liberally supported. But
they are not—a least not by democrats.
The time of golden opportunity for
democrats is now at hand. There is a
political revolution threatening to
break out. The people aie beginning
to think. Henceforward machine
politicians will find fewer roses in
their paths and vastly more thorns.
Democracy should do its part in carry
ing forward the spirit of reform. But
instead it is dormant—almost dead—in
this state. That is why there are so
few Democratic weeklies in this state.
That, perhaps, explains their "making
up in excellence what they lack in
numbers" as Bro. De la Bere remarks.
They must maintain a high standard
in order to exist. They must get bus
iness by endeavoring to outdo their
competitors who are supported by the
political majority. There is no middle
The following from Collier's
Weekly is very much to the point:
Mr. McCall's arrogance and inability
to meet the present situation may cost
the New York Life Insurance Com
pany dear. Indeed, it is not easy to
see how he can remain of use after
his offensive defiance of aroused opin
ion. His very presence would compel
suspicion, flawless as is his misunder
standing of the ethical principles in
volved, and so complete his confidence
in his superiority to law or morals.
The tactfulness of Mr. Paal Morton
takes time by the forelock, and him
self exposes the methods inaugurated
by Henry B. Hyde, and himself pro
poses reforms, while Mr. McCall, in
stead of bending to the gale, vaunts
the wisdom of giving away the policy
holder's money to influence elections.
This money can probably be secured at
law from Mr. McCall's own pocket,
and such restitution would be a pleas
ant thing to see. It might teach the
obstinate victims nothing, but it
would carry a warning to more docile
intellects, and thus serve to discour
age bandit methods in finance. Any
policy-holder with sufficient means
could thus do a public service by
starting a suit to compel President
McCall to return to the treasury that
vrfiicl} be has. with flagrant impro
priety, devoted to forbidden ends.
Mr. Morton's statement that the
insurance business should be separated
"as far as possible" from politics
ought to carry a sound as amusing as
Mr. Bat Masterso^'s declaration that
the murders in New York have been
"too many for the good of the city.
Who would say that leprosy was rather
more common than might be wished
A bill intended to keep insurance
companies and other corporations out
of politics was unanimously reported
by a senate committee not many years
ago, but of course the august body
let it die.
In an editorial under the heading
"Do yon Lean or Lift?" the Minne
apolis News draws a good lesson from
one of Ella Wheeler Wilcox's poems.
The News says:
Ella Wheeler Wilcox, who writes
some good things sometimes, has a
poem on two kinds of people—those
who lift and those who lean.
She says there are twenty leaners
where there is one who lifts.
She is right.
In every household is some one who
is the main dependence. That one
goes ahead with the work, carries the
burden and the worry, while the others
lean. Usually it is the mother—more's
the pity—who does the lifting.
In every business this is so. One
takes the initiative, does the plan
ning. He seems cut out for his task
of leadership and voluntarily assumes
it. The others depend on him. It is
so much easier to follow than to lead.
In the church a very few do the
work and make the sacrifices of time
and energy. The others lean on the
The same thing is true in state
legislatures, in congress. A very few
men do the real work of legislation.
Th« others simply mark tsme. They
lean on the strong Spirit.
Are you lifting or leaning?
There is a lot of work to do in the
world—not merely big tasks com
mon every day work. And some do
more than their share because so
many shirk. There are tired, over
wrought souls who bteak under the
strain because so many lean on them.
Is there some willing man near you
who is lifting more than his share of
the load Roll up you sleeves and
give him a lift.
Is there some tired,' worn, nervous
woman upon whom—for shame you
have leaned too long Turn in and
help the overtaxed brave one.
Quit leaning. Lift!
A vexing question has at last been
solved. Newspaperdom says in a re
cent issue: After a good deal of
study and work it has at last been
figured out why so many country edi
tors get rich. Here is the secret of
success. A child is born in the neigh
borhood, the attending physician gets
|10, the editor given the loud-lunged
youngster and the "happy parents''' a
sendoff and gets $0. It i3 christened
the minister gets $10, and the editor
$00. It grows up and marries the
editor publishes another long-winded
flowery article and tells a dozen lies
about the "beautiful and accomplished
bride," the minister gets $10 and a
piece of cake, and the editor gets $000.
In the course of time it dies, and the
doctor gets from $25 to $100, the min
ister perhaps gets another $15. the un
dertaker gets from $50 to $100 the edi
tor publishes a notice of the death and
an obituary two columns long, lodge
and society resolutions, a lot of poetry
and a free card of thanks, and gets
$0,000. No wonder so many country
editors get rich!
We know of a man who lives in an
eastern state and who has for a num
ber of years made sport of his relatives
who had settled in Bottineau county.
He was fond of saying things about
the "great American desert" and re
ferring to "the barren, blizzard-swept
plains" and similar unwarranted
"knocks" on North Dakota. He was
surprised that the aforesaid relatives
could exist out here year after year
without sending "home" for aid.
About a month ago he came out here
and, behold the change! He waxed
warm in his praise of our country,
grew'enthusiastic over the prospects,
wondered loudly and long at the fer
tility of our soil, drew great deep
breaths of our health-giving, ozone
laden atmosphere and—bought a farm.
Next spring he will arrive with his
household goods and will dwell in this
section of 'the great desert.''
Sunday marks the end of the open
season for hunting prairie chickens
and grouse. After that day it will be
unlawful for anyone to shoot or kill in
any manner any of these game birds.
It should be the particular province
of every true sportsman to see that no
infractions of the law are permitted.
This year these game birds have been
unusually scarce on account of the
cold, wet weather in the hatching
season and every one of them that ha?
survived the open season should be
carefully protected in order that there
may be more birds next season. The
work of extermination is cairied far
enough as it is and unless the birds
can be protected for the balance of the
year the day is not far off when out
hunting grounds will be barren of
game. Let every one who kills a
grouse or chicken befoie next Septem
ber 1st. be rigidly prosecuted.
Some time ago we remarked that
"the world owes us a living" but
that it was hard to collect it from the
delinquent subscriber. Since then a
goodly number have called at our
office to say that they no longer want
ed to remain in that class. And they
didn't. If a few more will get into
the paid-in-advance class our natural
optimism will be so greatly increased
that we are apt to do some big stunts
in the way of improving "the leading
newspaper of Bottineau county."
Many republican editors and leaders
sneered when Thomas W. Lawson said
that during the closing hours of the
1896 campaign "a hurry up call" for
$5,000,000 was made in behalf of the
republican ticket, and promptly re
sponded to. The news columns of all
papers reporting the insurance inquiry
at New York provide corroborative
testimony for Mr. Lawson's charge.—
Just as a matter of information are
there not a number of children of
school age whose names are not yet on
the school register. Aside from the
fact that the law requires their at
tendance it is a sacred duty of every
parent to give the little ones the best
education that is possible under the
circumstances. Send the boys and
girls to sphool.
The opinion is new expressed that,
as soon as the next congress has lis
tened to the president's message an in
vestigation of the affairs of the depart
ment of public printing will be made.
It is believed that Ricketts, now "act
ing public printer" will then receive
the appointment to fill that office.
We publish this week a sermon on
"The Symbolism of Solomon's Tem
ple" which was preached by Rev.
Bradley of Willow City. We are in
debted to a subscriber who resides in
Willow for securing for us a full re
port of the sermon.
A news item says McCall of the
New York Life is posing as a poor
man. Living in a million dollar
country residence and owning a four
story brownstone in a fashionable sec
tion of New York would seem a rather
pleasant species of poverty.
If the advertiser will see that his
ad. is kept fresh and interesting he
need never worry about his grave be
ing kept green. The beneficiaries of
his will will have means at their dis
posal to furnish the evergreens.
The pusher of the pen may write
himself into the pen even though he
was right when he penned the article
for which he was penned in the pen
—under the Streeter libel law.
The punishment dealt out to Presi
dent Erickson, of the defunct Minot
National bank, namely five years in
the penitentiary, will deter others from
falsifying bank reports.
That pessimistic cuss who is making
you weary with his croaking about the
signs of a hard winter will be the last
man to put in his winter's supply of
Sometimes a 'perfect dream of a
hat" is followed by a bill which
makes "hubby" think he has the
Beauty is only* skin deep. That's
deep enough for anyone who is not" a
Help someone win that piano.
THE BULLS' DYE.
There are sections of this earth
where the people never tell of the wea
ther because the weather of today is
practically a duplicate of that of every
day of the year. Conversation can
not be carried on so flat a plane. It
must have some high spots to hit to
keep up the interest. Did you ever
notice how large a percentage of our
talk is on the weather The weather
is a live topic. It is a real feature
up in this end of the Mississippi val
ley and that is one reason why I like
this country. Weather, if one can
afford to be out in it and absorb it, is
one of the good gifts of God. Take for
example the great golden dose of it we
are getting these days and nights.
It's like eating jersey cream with a
a ladle. One can hardly afford to
go to bed nights because of the wea
ther he misses. I have the window
open at my pillow to get all that's
coming to me and I get up in time to
see the first pink in the clouds over
on the east side of the lake. Did you
ever try getting up monings about this
time of the year 1 A month of it is
worth a trip to Cuba. The world is
all. yours early in the morning—a
fresh, clean world handed right down
from heaven for your sole and special
use* And when it is served up in a
a sauce of such weather as has been
floating over Minnesota for the past
month or less, you may excuse me
from paradise a little bit while I
swim in Minnesota autumn. It re
minds me of the dyas when we used
to live in the cottage two months after
all the transients, poor deluded people,
had moved back to town. Then the
whole lake and all the woods, the
shore, the sky abutting upon it and
all the glory appetaining unto the
same belonged to Sue and me to have
and to hold so long as we chose to
stay and hold it.
Speaking of weather, do you know
of any one who remembers the record
pleasant season Any oldest inhab
itant can tell you about the coldest
winter, or the hottest summer, or the
dryest or the wettest year known to
this region. But who remembers the
ideal months or seasons, or years
Show me a man who does and I'll
show you a man with summer in his
soul a man who makes bad weather
better by being in it. There are such
men. I heard two men agree last
week, that our seasons had all gone to
the bad that there was no more
weather like father used to enjoy
that the sun spots had hoodooed the
aitmosphere and that frost and flood
were after us to devour us. The last
three seasons, they said, had upset
prosperity and we were in for four
,more-soakers according to the old In
dian sign which never failed, except
in dry weather. Now I believe that
six out of ten men who might have
overheaard these croakers would have
felt that their words were words of
truth and soberness.
Let me ask you if you remember
the weather of twelve months ago V
I have the record to show that on
Thanksgiving day of 1904 my neigh
bors were out pleasure boating and I
was spading up garden beds, the soil
as fine and pleasant as in ideal June.
There were hollyhocks at our barn that
began their bloom the ihird of July
and never skipped a stitch nor stopped
to rest till November 5. Pansies and
roses were flowering at the sunny end
of our porch till November. Talk
about weather father used to have! I
have gone sliding on the creek Thanks
giving day 300 miles south of this.
Father had that weather. Who can
growl at the weather this glorious Oc
tqber, when the woods are so green
the birds hardly know whether to buy
their tickets south or rig up the nest
for a third brood. These delicious
mornings when I go out and see the
scarlet salvia blazing bravely down
the border and the dahlias of a dozen
superb varieties holding up their
morning surprises, I count the day a
fresh new gift, unearned and unde
served—a token that the force that
made the world and keeps it moving
and blooming is Love.—The Sharp
shooter in Commercial West.
This year there have been 625 hunt
ing permits issued. 554 were issued
up to this time last year.
Marriage license was issued this
week to Mr. George A. Christien and
Miss Marie Langhann, both of West
The Missouri* Girl next Tuesday.
Prices 75, 50 and 25 cents.
See the show of your life next Tues
day night, "The Missouri Girl"—first
appearance in Bottineau county.
Albert O. Anderson, assistant cash
ier of the First National Bank of this
city, expects to leave tomorrow for
Miss Ella Woods of Forest River, N.
D. and Mrs. Checkley of Ontario, ar
rived in the city for a week's visit
with their brothers T. F. and Wm.
Mrs G. A. Laird and son Robert.
Bottineau, came in on Friday even
ing's train and visited friends during
the week. Mrs. Laird came down to
look after her farming interests near
Afcmmtag* of. JJUmual
framing in tfje £ra
By L. D. HARVEY,
Superintendent of Schools, Menomonle, Wis.
ANUAL training as a form of educational efforts involves
such a systematic training of the hand in constructive work
through the use of tools and manipulation of material as is
adapted to the proper development of the motor activities of
the hand initiated, guided and controlled by mental activities
essential for the proper development of the mind.
Over 90 per cent, of the pupils in the grades, after leav
ing school, earn their living with their hands.
Manual training is justified on the ground that it gives
the individual trained, increased power to earn a livelihood
through the use of his hands. Justified further because systematic train
ing of the hand demands systematic mental activity, resulting in mental
training in dealing with things and processes which is not secured in
schools where manual training is not given. Mental power is the result
of organized thinking. The mere memorizing of what others have done
is not organized thinking. Organized thinking comes whenever the in
dividual sets himself a definite task and then determines and applies the
ways and means necessary for the accomplishment of that task.
Manual training calls for just this organized thinking needed for the
practical purposes in life. It is a mental activity out of which grows
skill in doing and skill in doing as a result of intelligent thinking should
be one of the chief purposes of education.
The course in manual training in the grades should have a content
of its own, wrought out and determined by the capacities and needs of
the individuals to be trained. It should qot be given as the fag end of
other subjects in the course, and not chiefly for the purpose of illustrat
ing or enlarging the work in those other subjects.
Artistic design should go hand-in-hand with manual training.
Weaknesses complained of in elementary schools are not due to the
time devoted to manual training for these weaknesses are as likely to ap
pear in schools when no manual training is given as in those schools
where it forms a part of the course. Manual training is needed in all
grades to give opportunity for physical activity, for a change in forms
of mental activity and relief from other tension of book study.
0PH1 Be Ideal
By MR. T. KUMA,
Japanese Scholar in America.
Christianity in Japan when.it becomes national will be an ideal one.
It will be quite different from Christianity as it exists in the west to-day.
Christianity in Russia and that in America are more distant from each
other than Buddhism is from Christianity in Japan at present. Religion
is controlled by something stronger than itself.
We were all human beings long before we ever became white or yel
low people. And we were white and yellow a long time before we be
came Christians or Buddhists. Now the more fundamental things in
human life exert modifying influences upon the less fundamental, or
these which developed later in the long career of mankind.
Thus the religion taught by the same Qhrist, after being subjected
to this modifying influence of Latin, Teutonic and Slavic peoples with
distinct racial characteristics, has undergone a great differentiation.
Japan, with the rest of the yellow peoples in Asia, has racial traits,,
culture and traditions that are quite distinct from those of the white peo
ple. This difference is much greater than any between several races in
Europe. Christianity in Japan, therefore, when it becomes universal
there, will be widely different from that which is found in the west to
But why do I call it an ideal Christianity, that Japan will have?
Christ meant his religion to be universal. It has to be preached to
and accepted by all nations. The Christianity in the west does not per
mit this. It is too exclusive, too narrow. The Christians in Europe and
America do not understand the eastern people. They refuse to know
them. You can not teach unless you know your pupil well. Japanese
know the west as well as the east. They approach everybody with sym
pathy and respect.
This is what makes them peculiarly fit. to be the real teachers of a
universal religion. That universal religion must be Christianity, and
when fully developed Christianity in Japan will be broad and inclusive.
It will be truly the Christ religion. It will
satisfy equally well the eastern I
as well as the western peoples. I
By LUTHER HALSEY GULICK,
Director of Physical Training New York
nounced to the teachers so far as I know. The object of the visitation
was to observe the carriage of the pupils at the desk, and the way in
which they walked and stood. I also saw the pupils come in and out of
the assembly. I have seen many schools in which great attention was
.paid to posture. My visit to this school was unique, because I failed
to observe a single child sitting or standing in a distinctly bad position.
I did not observe a single child reading with the book flat on the desk and
the head bowed over it. The books were held up, the necks were straight,
the carriage of the bodies was erect and manly, distinctly military in its'
character. The carriage of the girls was graceful and gracious. This
shows that the-physical effects of the school desk, can be successfully
fought, even under the trying conditions of large city schools, without
further teaching of physical training than that which can be given by
the regular grade teachers, and even without an adequate gymnasium.
Mere physical exercise will not secure good carriage. Constant and
intelligent watchfulness, plus physical exercise, will alone accomplish the
result. School gymnastics must be aimed at this one thing—the school
In fighting the school desk two things are to be kept in mind
the sitting still, and the tendency to bad position. The other general
results in physical training ought to be largely secured through plays and
Will Japan become
a Christian nation
Most assuredly. Japan
may some time lead
the world in religion, as
she is doing in the art
I recently visited
public school 3, Brook
lyn, and with the prin
cipal walked rapidly
through almost every
primary classroom in
the building. My pres
ence had not been an
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