OCR Interpretation

Oakes weekly Republican. (Oakes, Dickey County, D.T. [i.e. N.D.]) 1883-1898, April 19, 1889, Image 2

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She fjUpublicau.
ELLIS fc BUXTON, Publishers.
Full Text or Gov. Mellette's Proc
lamation oil tlie Admission
The Districts Formed the Com
mission as Provided for in
the Omnibus Bill.
District Conventions Can Now be
Held to Elect Delegates to the
Constitutional Conventions.
The following is the full text of Gov.
Mellette's proclamation issued on the 15th
inst., as directed by the admission act:
North Dakota.
By authority in me invested under tho
provisions of an act of congress approved
Feb. 22, 1889, it is hereby ordered that an
election be hold throughout the Territory
of Dakota at the usual voting place in
each precinct on Tuesday, May 1
-!, 1880,
for the purpose of electing delegates to
constitutional conventions for the States
of South and North Dakota. In that
portion of the territory situated north
of the seventh standard parallel pro
duced due west to the territorial
boundary line, the said election shall be
held for the purpose ofelectingseventy-five
delegates to a convention, which shall as
semble at the city of Bismarck July 4,1889,
[or the purpose of forming a constitution
and state government, which shall be sub
mitted to the electors of that portion of
the territory above designated on Tuesday
Oct. 1, 1889, for ratification or rejection
as the constitution of the State of North
Dakota. For the purpose of electing the
delegates herein before mentioned the fol
lowing districts have been duly established
in pursuance^ law, each of which districts
Bhall elect three delegates to said conven
tion at Bisinnrck, to form a constitution
lor the State of North Dakota:
1. The townships of Drayton, Lincoln,
Jolliette, Pembina, Carlisle, Midland,
Hamilton, Bathgate, Neche, St. Joseph,
Wallhalla in the county of Pembina shall
constitute the first district.
2. The townships of Akra, Cavalier,
Thingvalla, I'ark, Lodemn, Beaulieu, Car
dar, Crystal, Klora, and St. Thomas in
the county of Pembina, and the townships
of Montrose, Alma, and Osnabrook in the
county of cavalier shall constitute the sec
ond district.
3. The townships of Olga, Fremont,
Loam, Harvey, Hope, Lnngdon, Linden,
Grant school and Cypress, together with
all the remaining portion of Cavalier coun
ty not hereinbefore specified, andthecoun
ties of Towner and Rolette shall consti
tute the third district.
4. The counties of Bottineau, McHenry,
Ward, Piorce, Church and llenville shall
constitute the fourth district.
5. The counties of Burleigh, McLean,
Mercer, Sheridan, Stevens, Garfield, Moun
traille, Williams, Dunn, McKenzie, Wal
lace, Alfred, Buford, Flannery, Hettinger
and Bowman shall constitute the fifth dis
C. The counties of Morton, Oliver,
Stark and Billings shall constitute the
sixth district.
7. The counties of Kmmons, Logan,
Mcintosh, Kidder, Wells, an all that por
tion of the county of LaMoure lying west
of the west line of range !3 west, shall con
stitute the seventh district.
8. The county of Dickey and voting
precincts numbered three, four, six, seven,
eight, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, nineteen
and twenty in the county of LaMoure shall
constitute the eight district.
9. The county of RanBOm and all the
remaining portion o! the county of La
Moure not included in districts seven and
eight above described, shall constitute the
ninth district.
10. The county of Sargent and tho
townships of Ellendale, Sheyenne, West
End, Dexter and Park,-in the county of
Richland, shall constitute the tenth dis
11. All the remaining portion of the
county of Richland, not included in said
tenth district above described, shall con
stitute the eleventh district.
12. The townships of Barnes, Reed and
Harwood in the county of Cass, shall con
stitute the twelfth district.
13. The townships of PleaBant, Stanly,
Norman, Warren, Mapleton, Raymond,
Berlin, Gardner, Wiser, Noble, Kinyon,
Kim River, Francis, Rush River, Harmony,
Casselton, Durbin, Addison and Daven
port, in the county of Cass, shall consti
tute the thirteenth district.
14. All that portion of the county of
L'asa, not contained in the twelfth and
thirteenth districts as above defined, shall
constitute the fourteenth district.
15. The county of Barnes shall consti
tute the fifteenth district.
10. The county of StutBman shall con
stitute the sixteenth district.
17. The counties of Benson, Eddy, Fos
ter, and all that portion of Griggs county
west of the west line of range fifty-nine,
shall constitute the seventeenth district.
18. All that portion of the county of
Griggs not described in
district num­
ber seventeen above described, the county
of Steel, and the township of Roseville, in
cluding the city of Portland and the town
ship of Mayville, including the city of May
ville in the county of Traill, shall consti
tute the eighteenth district.
19. All the remaining portion of the
county of Traill not described in the said
district number eighteen, shall constitute
the nineteenth district.
20. The city of Grand Forks and the
townships of Grand Forks, Brema, Rye,
Falconer, Harvey, Ferry, Lakeville, Le
vant and Turtle River, in the county of
Grand Forks, shall constitute the 20 dis
21. The townships of Strabane, Milan,
Gilby, Wheatfield, Hegton, Mekinock,
Blooming, Arvilla, Chester, Oakville, Avon,
PleaBant View, Fairfield, Washington,
Union, Allendale, Walle, Michigan, Amer
icus and Bentrue, and the city of Larimore
City, in the county of Grand Forks, shall
constitute the twenty-first district.
22. The townships of Elkmount, Ink
ster, Oakwood, Agnes, Niagara, Elm Grove,
Moraine, Larimore, Logan, Grace, Lovet
ta. Lind, and Northwood, in the county of
Grand Forks, and the county of Nelson,
shall constitute the twenty-second district.
23. The county of Ramsey shall consti
tute the twenty.third district.
24. All that portion of the county of
Walsh cast o! the east line of range fifty
lour, shall constitute the twenty-fourth
25. All the remaining portion of the
county of Walsh, not described in the Baid
district number twenty-lour, above OcniH
nated shall constitute the twenty-filth
South Dakota.
It is further ordered that on May 14,
1889, un election shall be held at the
usual voting place in each election pre
cinct in all that portion of the Territory
of Dakota situated south of the seventh
standard parallel produced duo west to
the boundary lint of the said territory,
for the purpose of electing seventy-five
delegates to a constitutional convention
for the State of South Dakota, and at the
election thus provided each elector may
have printed or written on his ballot the
words, "For the Sioux Falls constitu
tion," or the words, "Against the Sioux
Falls constitution the votes on which
question shall be duly returned and can
vassed. The convention of delegates so
chosen shall assemble at the city of Sioux
Falls, July •!, 1889, and in case the major
ity of votes cast at the preceding election
shall have been "For the Sioux Falls con
stitution," such convention shall resubmit,
for ratification or rejection, the said Sionx
Falls constitution at an election to be
held on Tuesday, Oct. 1, 1889, and shall
also resubmit the articles and propositions
separately submitted at the election
whereby said constitution was rati
fied, including the temporary location of
the capital, together with such changes of
said constitution only as relate to the
name and boundary ol the State of Dako
ta, the_ reapportionment of the judicial
and legislative districts, and such amend
ments as may bo necessary to comply
with the congress hereinbefore mentioned
but if a majority of the votes shall have
been caBt "against the Sioux Falls consti
tution, on the 14th day of May aforesaid,
then the convention shall proceed to form
a constitution and state government to be
submitted to the electors ol the said State
of South Dakota for ratification or rejec
tion at an election to be held for that pur
pose on Tuesday, Oct. 1, 18S9.
of Pennington, Cus­
ter and Fall River.
Second—The precincts comprised of the
First, Second, Third and Fourth wards of
the city of Deadwood respectively, togeth
er with the precincts of Lead City, South
Lead, Terraville, Gayville. Central City,
iolden Gate, Carbonate, Bald Mountain,
Portland, Ruhj- Basin, Woodville, Spear
fish, Reeds, Crow Creek, Crow Peak and
Bear Gulch, all in the county of Lawrence.
Third—All that portion of the county of
Lawrence not above specified as constitut
ing the Second district, together with the
counties of Butte, Burdick, Ewing and
Fourth—The counties of Roberts, Grant
and Deuel.
Fifth—The counties of Marshall and
Sixth—The voting precincts of Palmyra,
Osceola, Savo, Liberty, Portage, Allison,
Frederick, Greenfield, Lansing, Detroit,
Oneota, Brainard, Shelby Carlisle, West
port, Columbia and Claremont, in the
county of Brown, together with the coun
ties of McPherson and Campbell.
Seventh—All that portion of the county
of Brown not included in District No. (5,
above described.
Eighth—The counties of Walworth, Ed
munds and Faulk.
Ninth—The county of Spink.
Tenth—The counties of Potter, Sully,
Hughes and Hyde.
Eleventh—The counties of Hand, Butfalo
and Jerauld.
Twelfth—The counties of Aurora and
Thirteenth—TLe county of Beadle and
that portion of the county of Sanborn ly
ing east of the west line of range 50.
Fourteenth—The county of Clark and
that portion of the county of Kingsbury
lying west of the west line of range 55, and
townships number 109 and 110, range 55,
in said county of Kingsbury.
Fifteenth—The counties of Codington
and Hamlin.
Sixteenth—The county of Brookings and
that portion of tho county of Kingsbury
not included in district No. 14, above
Seventeenth—The counties Miner and
Eighteenth—The county of Moody and
all that portion of Minnehaha county ly
ing north of the north line of township
Nineteenth—All that portion of Minne
haha county not included in district No.
18 as above described.
Twentieth—The county of Lincoln and
that portion of the county of Turner lying
east of the west line of range 53.
Twenty-first—The counties of Clay and
Twenty-second—The county of Yankton
and that portion of the county of Hutch
inson lying east of the west line of range
58, except that portion of Milltown pre
cinct number eight contained therein.
Twenty-third—The counties of Charles
Mix, Bon Homme and all that portion of
the county of Huschineon not included in
district number twenty-two, above de
Twenty-four—The counties of Davison,
Douglas and all that portion of the county
of Sanborn not included indistrictnumber
thirteen, above described.
Twenty-fifth—The counties of Hanson
and McCook and all that portion of the
county of Turner not included in district
number twenty above described.
At the election herein provided for dele
gates to the constitutional conventions
for the States of South and North Dakota
no elector shall vote for more than two
persons for delegates to such conventions.
All persons resident in the Territory of
Dakota who, by the laws of said territory,
are qualified to vote for representatives to
the legislative assemblies thereof, are com
petent to vote for and choose Aich delegates.
The qualifications for delegates to the
conventions to be thus formed are such as
persona are required to posSeBs by the
laws of Dakota Territory in order to be
eligible to membership in the legislative as
semblies thereof.
The said elections shall be conducted
and the votec cast for delegates in each
precinct returned in the manner prescrib
ed by the laws for the election of delegate
to congress.
Killing National Park Came.
Captain Harris, superintendent of the
Yellowstone National Park, has written a
letter to the secretary of the interior reit
erating a complaint made last fall that the
Indians from the Lewhi andFortHall and
from the Wind Riyer reservations in Ida
ho have been hunting down south and
southwest of the Yellowstone National
Park and killing the elk and other large
game which occasionally leave the confines
of the park and wander down into the
plainB. The complaint has been referred
to the Indian bureau, and may be made
the occasion of proceedings against the
agents, Gallagher and Needliam, who have
been previously warned that they must
put a stop to these practices.
The following are the state officers
to be elected next fall in each of the
four new 3tates: A governor, lieuten
ant governor, auditor, secretary of
state, treasurer, superintendent of
public instruction, commissioner of
school and public lands and attorney
general, to serve two years. Three
judges of the supreme court, and six
circuit judges to serve tour years, a
county judge in each organized county
to serve two years, and clerk of court
in each county for a two years' term.
Some or the Finest in the World
Located the James
River Valley.
They Arc Capable of Furnishing
Motive Power for Many
Claimed that the Source is the
Rocky Mountains and Sup
ply Unlimited.
From the Scientific American.
The James River Valley is one of
the remarkable aericultural valleys of
the country. The valley proper ex
tends from Yankton on the south to
Jamestown on the north, a distance
of 300 miles. Most of this vast area
is level. Entire townships can be
plowed without a single obstruction
to the plow.
This ideal agricultural valley was
strangely passed by until about 1880.
At this date the buffalo had gone far
ther west but when the writer visited
this valley early in the eighties, the
prairies were dotted white with the
bones of this noble animal.
The early pioneer found the most of
Dakota inclined to drought, caused
largely by extensive fires which left the
suiface bare. This caused drouaht,
but since the protection of the grasses
by settlement, moisture has .so increas
ed that this valley is now teeming with
productive farms. This valley great
ly resembles the valley of the Nile, but
unlike that historic region has its sur
plus of water beneath instead of at
the surface.
It is the greatest artesian well dis
trict known. A comparison with oth
er districts will show that for pres
sure and area over which they are
found, this valley far surpasses them
all. There are some fine wells in
France, bnt they are found only in
favored localities. Some ot the wells
in France are ot large bore, but in
none does the pressure equal any one
ot fifty welU in the James Valley.
Western California, from San Diego to
near the northern boundary of the
state, is proving itself to be a fine ar
tesian district, but strong pressure is
found only in limited areas. Nearly
every city aud many of the small vil
lages from Yankton to Jamestown
have wells, and the majority of these
have a very heavy pressure.
The pioneer well was put down
at Aberdeen, March. 1S82, by the C.,
M. it St. Paul R. R. Co. It is 901 feet
deep, with a tube 5 1-2 inches,
made of 3-16 inch wrought iron. Wat
er was found in sand rock. The wat
er is soft, but cannot be used in boil
ers, as it foams. This well choked up
with sand for a time, but afterward
opened with its original lorce.
In 1884 the city put down a well
90S feet deep, 5 3-16 inch tube. A
system of water works was put in.
The city, with 5,000 inhabitants, has
the best of fire protection. Four
streams at one time can be thrown
over the highest of buildings. Aber
deen and surrounding country are ve
ry level, so to get drainage a pumping
system, such as Pullman, 111., has be
come necessary. Last year the city
put down a well for power alone. The
system is now completed, and the re
sult is perfect. The pumps have a ca
pacity of 50,000 gallons per hour. A
float makes the pumps automatic, so
that they work only when there is sew
age to be raised. Fora costofonly a
few thousand dollars this city has wat
er works and a pumping sewage system
without cost, of fuel, engineers, or even
oil. The pressure of these wells is a
bout 200 pounds per square inch. A
two-foot vein of coal was struck in
tlis first two wells.
Ellendale, north of Aberdeen thirty
seven miles, has a well 1,087 feet
deep. Water was found in sand rock
beneath an impervious stratum of
shale. The water is clear and soft,
with temperature of 67 degrees and
pressure of 150 pounds per square
inch. The city has a system of water
works costing less than $7,000.
The Redfield well is 960 feet deep.
The tube in this well is of three sizes.
The first 400 feet is 6 inches, the next
300 is 5 3-8 inches, and the last 260
feet 4 1-2 inches.
Water wasfoundinsandrock. Coal
was found at different depths, and
smelled of oil. The water is clear and
jott, has temperature of 68 degrees
and pressure of 200 pounds per
square inch. The city has a complete
system of watar works for fire, lawn,
and house use. It takes tour strong
men to hold the hose.
The Huron well is 863 feet deep,
having a 6-inch tube from top to bot
tom. Water was found in sand rock.
The pressure is upward of 200pounds
square inch. Water is a little
ard, and most of the time clear.
Temperature is 60 degrees. Huron
has two miles ot water mains and two
miles of side piping. Besides furnish
ing water for fire use, it runs motors
for two laundries and four printing
offices, using about 20 horse power.
The Huron and Redfield wells are per
haps the best in the valley.
Yankton has two 6-inch wells, one
610 feet deep, and one 600 feet deep.
These wells furnish fire protection
through 19,400 feet of pipes, and
run the electric light, two print
ing presses, a tow mill, feed mill
and furniture factory. The water
in these wells has a pressure of
56 pounds per square inch, and un
like most of the other wells is hard.
It is, perhaps, the best drinking water
ot any of the wells in the valley. The
second well did not diminish the flow
of the first. Water was found in sand
rock, temperature 62 decrees.
The Jamestown well is 1,576 leet
deep, and has a pressure of 100
pounds. Water is "clear and soft,
witli temperature of 75 den. At 300
feet quite a flow of gas was met The
city has a system of water works with
the well.
The above wells are mentioned out
of quite a number of evual value over
a distance of 300 miles. These lie in
about the center of the valley. A well
at Andover, at the extreme east side
of the valley, has a pressure of 100
pounds, while one at Ipswich, at the
west side of the valley, has a pressure
of 90 pounds. At Miller, 40 miles
west of Huron, the pressure is 125
pounds. The greatest average pres
sure is in the center of the valley. The
above figures will be at variance with
the guages as they are now found on
the wells. Theguaces are placed above
the valve, where the pressure is great
ly relieved by the overflow. The above
figures, in most cases, eive full pres
Noted wells in other parts of the
world fall far below these. The well
at Belle Plain, Iowa, which cot be
yond control and created such a scare,
had only a fraction of the power ot
these wells. The Belle Plain well had
a pressure of only about 25 pounds
per square inch, and this lessened in a
few days. Water was struck at only
86 feet, and the soil above it disinte
gated so easily that a hole as large as
a wagon wh»3l wasmade, out of which
a large quantity of water flowed, and
threatened for a time disaster to the
The great well in the Place Hebert,
Paris, France, is 2,359 feet down and
has a diameter of 3 1-2 teet, yet it
does not throw much over .1,000 gal
lons per minute, while many wells in
the James Valley throw 3,000 gallons
per minute.
The possibilities ot the wells in this
valley are beyond estimation. With
millions of gallons flowingdaily, there
lias been no diminution of the supply.
Nature stores the supply, and it only
awaits tapping and application. If
one of the wells at Yankton, with a
pressure of only 56 pounds, has tak
en the place of a 30 horse power en
gine, what can be done with a well
with 200 pounds pressure? Then if
larger bores were made, any amount
of pressure desired could be obtained.
Large bores should be made, because
to get a certain amount of flow the
valves have to be opened so wide that
that the water rushes out with such
speed as to cause pieces of the sand
rock to fly out of the well. This diffi
culty was met with to such an extent
at Aberdeen that they were compelled
to place a stone-arresting drum at the
That such an ideal power has not
been utilized to a greater extent can
only be accounted for by the fact that
the country is so new. Gaswasfound
in many of the wells. At Ashton, the
cooking in a hotel is done by natural
gas. If the proper system were em
ployed, a eood supply of gas might be
The query arises, Whence the source
of all this water? Some believe it
comes from the Missouri River. This
cannot be true, because at Highmore,
40 miles west of Huron, *here is a well
with 25 poundB pressure, and the
elevation is several hundred feet
above the river. At Gettysburg,
only 16 mileB east of the river,
they have drilled 1,300 feet without
getting a How. Drillings east of the
valley (in Dakota) have been unsuc
cessful, striking almost invariably at
a few hundred feet, without getting
water, the Archiean rock, which is us
ually the bed of artesian water. The
large lakes north have a less elevation.
The theory is advanced that the flow
is caused by the pressure of the earth
or gas upon a subterranean basin.
This theory is decidedly gaseous.
This would imply a hermetically in
closed space, which would soon ex
haust. Wo such basin has been found
in any of the borings. Water is found
in soft sand rock, being confined above
by impervious shale. Small channels
sometimes, however, connecting with
open water, may exist, as is indicated
by numbers of small fish with eyes
that have come out of two of the
Aberdeen wells. Accepting as we
must, that water finds its level, and
that it rises no higher unless acted
upon by some external force, we must
look to someplace where the elevation
and quantity are sufficient to supply
these wells. These wells are undoubt
edly fed from the Rocky Mountains.
Great care is required in putting
down these wells where the pressure is
so great. If any accident happens to
the tubing after the full flow is~met, it
is almost impossible to overcome it.
Nature has furnished no valves which
may be closed while the well may be
repaired. The wells at Frankfort and
Groton are serious failures. Both of
these have thrown muddy water most
of the time since they were put down.
The Groton well has covered acres of
land with its mud, and, at one time,
broke out in different parts of the
town. Some break or disconnection
has occurred above the impervious
strata, and the dire consequences are
hard to estimate. An inch tube by
way of experiment was nut down in
the Frankfort well about 650 feet. It
came out minus 130 feet, with the
point scraped on one 3ide and bent,
which indicates that it got outside of
the well down about 520 feet. It al
so indicates a space minus earth, as
that 130 feet passed down outside of
the well without meeting any resist
ance. The tube was put down by
hand. Thatbasin was not there when
the well was put down.
It will be noticed that in some of
the above tubings the iron is only
3 16 of an inch in thickness. This is
too little to resist the enormous pres
sure at the bottom of a well of 1,000
feet depth, having a pressure of 200
pounds per square inch at the surface.
Water exerts a pressure of about 43
pounds per square inch for each hun
dred feet in height. This would give
such a well at the bottom a pressure,
when the valve is closed at the top, of
630 pounds per square inch—a pres
sure nearly four times greater than a
locomotive carries with a boiler twice
as thick. A wisp of straw accidentally
carried down 2,000 feet in the Place
Hebert well was leturned so com
pressed that it dropped in the water
like lead. Ordinarily the walls of the
earth resist the pressure upon the
pipes, but should a piece chip off, the
pipe might burst at this point. Then
if there were no impervious stratum
above the break, the result might be
like the two above mentioned wells.
Sometimes it. is impossible to force
a pipe down more than a few hundred
feet. In this event a smaller tube is
put down inside of the first. Some
times as many as three sizes are put
down. When the inside pipe is down
far enough, there is no further use
for the outside pipes. These can
not be easily drawn out, owing to the
friction against the walls of the earth,
so an ingenious method is employed
of using a left hand thread at the
proper depth, enabling them to take
out the top parts of the inside pipes
instead. This leaves a well of tele
scope appearance, with small end
down. The inside pipes do'not neces
sarily, when put down, fit the outside
pipes water-tight, but when separated
a swedging process is used, which
makes them water-tight. If this is
not thoroughly done, the water will
escape, making the flow muddy, and
if, as_ before mentioned, there is no im
pervious stratum above, the water
will break out about the well.
The following analysis of the James
town water is perhaps an index to
that of most of the water.
Jamestown—organic matter: free
ammonia, 2.4 parts per million albu
minoid ammonia, 0.046 parts per mil
lion: nitrites, traces nitrates, none.
Silica 35.70 2.0S23
Alumina 3.50 0.2041
Carbonate of iron 2.20 0.1233
Carbonate of lime 1S8.00 10.7043
Sulphate of lime 249.00 14.5243
Sulphate of magnesia... 154.20 S.9944
Sulphate of soda 1139.40 0(5.3002
Chloride of sodium 389.10 21.5290
Sulphate of potash 31.05 4.7520
Phosphates a trace
Hardness 21 deg
Lost in Mid Ocean.
The Inman line steamer City of Chester,
Capt. Bond, from New York April 2 for
Liverpool, arrived at Queenstown on the
12th inst. She reports that on April S in
latitude 40 north, longitude 37 west, she
passed the Danish steamer Danmark, from
Christiania and Copenhagen, forNew York.
The Danmark had been abandoned by her
crew. Her stern was level with the
sea and
her bow stood high out of the water. She was
apparently sinking. The Danmark was a
vessel of 2,200 tons and belonged to the
Thingvalla line. She was commanded by
Capt. Knudson. The Danmark was form
erly the Belgian steamer Jan Breyrtel.
She was a bark-rigged vessel, and was 340
leet lone, 40 feet in bredth, and 20 ieet
deep. She was built at Newcastle, Eng
land, in 1SS0.
The Danmark had on board when she
left Christianeend for New York March 20,
050 passengers, presumably all immi.
grants. Including the vessel's captain, It.
M. Knudsen, the crew numbered forty men.
The Allcr, from Bremen, arrived at her
dock at New York on the 13th inst. It
was hoped that she might bring some news
of the passengers and crew of the abandon
ed steamer Denmark, but such was not
the case, as the first heard of the disaster
was from the reporters who thronged the
dock. The Alter had sighted no wreck nor
encountered any signs of the disaster.
No news concerning the late of the pas
sengers and crew has been received up to
the present writing, but the agents of the
steamer, which is by this time probably
on the bed of the ocean, are hopeful that
some passing vessel may 'ave taken them
Several passengers on theill-fatedsteam
er were bound for St. Paul and Minneapo
Capt. Bond, of the Inman line steamer
City of Chester, which sighted the aban
doned steamer Danmark, believeB that
the passengers and crew of the Danmark
were rescued. He bases his belief on the
fact that, the Danmark's boatB were gone.
A chain cable was seen hanging over
the bow of the Danmark and this
leads Capt. Bond to believe that she had
been in tow of another vessel.
it has been definitely ascertained that
there were 722 persons onboard thesteam
er Denmark. This number included 028
passengers and 54 officers and crew.
The Cherokee Outlet.
Secretary Noble has written a letter to
the secretary of war in response to an in
quiry made of^ him by the commanding
general of the division of Missouri if set
tlers will be allowed to cross the Cherokee
outlet on the northern line of Oklahoma
prior to April 22, so that they will be on
the border and in readiness to enter when
the proclamation goes into effect. The
secretary recommends that they be allow
ed to do so. But there should be a milita
ry patrol upon the road or roads, that
shall prevent the settlers from staying
longer than necessary on the way and re
quire them to move on. There should be
every care taken to have the Indians un
derstand there is no disposition to appro
priate their lands, and that it will be con
tinued no longer than absolutely necessary.
The secretary further says that as soon as
the proclamation takes effect the route
now permitted to be taken will be closed.
This permit to cross the outlet, he ex
plains, is not to be taken as a nermit to
enter Oklahoma.
Prohibition in Dakota.
A convention in the interest of the Sioux
Falls constitution and prohibition was
held^ at Yankton, South Dakota, on the
9th inst. Steps were taken for a thorough
organization of the county, and the follow
ing resolutions were adopted:
Resolved, That we favor the adoption of
the Sioux Falls constitution, and will en
deavor to secure for it an overwhelming
Resolved, That we will support no man
for delegate to tho constitutional conven
tion who will not pledge himself to vote for
a provision submitting to the people the
question of constitutional prohibition.
Resolved, That we will labor to secure
the co-operation of all persons and organ
izations favoring the Sioux Falls constitu
Resolved, That we heartily indorse the
platform of the late Huron convention.
The same evening T. D. Kanouse ad
dressed a public meeting in the interest of
prohibition and the Sioux Falls constitu
Superintendent Miller, ol the United
States lighthouse construction board, is
in Dulutb, Minn., and will commence work
on the new Range light in that harbor.
The light will be GO feet high and visible 16
xnileA and a valuable help to navigation.
Motor and Street Car Employes in
Minneapolis Co Out on a Strike.
At 11 o'clock on the lltli inst. the em
ployes of the motor and streot car lines of
Minneapolis were ordered to strike against
reduction of wages, and before 4 o'clock
m., nearly every car in the city was
On the motor line at eleven o'clock the
first engine was run into the round house,
the fire killed and the steam blown off.
Three-quarters of an hour later every en
gine was killed and every man idle. The
noise of the escaping steam could be heard
blocks away. The 24 conductors, the hos
tlers and the mechanics in the repair Bhops
were with the 18 engineers, making in all
about 50_men who struck on that line.
The strikers stood around and discussed
the situation. They said there would be
no violence or disturbance on their part
they intended to maintain their rights
About 12:30 the men on the 4th av.
street car line received orders to strike,
and by 1:50 the last car was run in. Af
ter a little discussion the men went quietly
their homes.
The Lyndale horse car line was the next
.j feet the strike, and the last car on tho
line was run in about 2 o'clock.
At 2:05 the Cedar av line began to drive
Twenty minutes later there wasn't a
wheel turning on the University line and
on the Monroe st and Sth av S. The work
was going steadily on and only a few lineB
—ere left.
A visit to some of the principal barns
just after the motor men had struck, found
the men in a quiet but determined mood
The 4th av. line parallels the motor, and
in a measure could accommodate its pa
trons. It was significant that the 4th av.
line was the second to tie up. The boys
stood by their motor brethren faithfully.
At all the barns there was a great deal of
quiet talk, but not a bit of blustiring or
"We can't live and support a family de
cently 'on $9 a week," said a hostler who
was still at work and hesitating about go
ing out.
Shortly after 1 o'clock on the afternoon
of the 12th inst., an attempt was made to
raise the strike in Minneapolis.
The move was made at the 4th av barns.
Preparations had been made for it all the
morning a special detail of policemen was
on hand to ride in the car and see that or
der was kept President Lowry and Man
ager Goodrich drove to the spot in a
carriage to see the Brst wheel move.
A summer car was selected for the trial
as being more open and affording a better
coign of vantage from which to observe
what was going on.
The car started atjl:45. Juatas it reach
ed the barn door a man stood up in a bug
gy and made a warm speech to the big
crowd now gathered, denouncing Lowry
as a monopolist. In the name of organized
lador he advised the men to let the car go.
Then the car proceeded on its way.
But it had not gone 20 feet before it was
stopped by the men, the horses unhitched
and the car shoved back toward the barn.
At last Capt. Hein and his policemen
rescued the car nnd started it on its way
again. It proceeded as far as 5th st, and
then turned around and went back.
On the 13 inst. the strike was still on
in Minneapolis, but no attempt was made
to run the cars. It was announced that
there would be no cars running until Mon
day. The deciSBion created a great deal of
dissatisfaction among the citizens who de
pend upon the cars to take them to and
from their places of business, but Mr.
Lowry said he could not change his order,
and that if the council desired to take his
charter lrom him they could do so. At_
this writing no one can guess how lc
trouble will last.
Cause of the Trouble.
Here is the order which was pasted in
all the car barns of the city.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., April 10, '89.
To employes of the Minneapolis Street
Railway Company:
Owing to shrinkage in receipts and in
creased outlay we are compelled to reduce
expenses in all departments.
From and after April 14 the following
will be the scale of wages:
Conductors and drivers on street cars,
15 cents per hour.
Stable men, $9 per week.
Conductors on motor line, 17 cents per
Engineers on motor line, 25 cents per
hour. THOMAS LOWKY, President.
In St. Paul.
In St. Paul it was the old story. Ihe
order was posted and the men took it
quietly enough. Supt. Barr claimed the
lines had been steadily losing money and
that the business was actually decreasing.
Last year the loss was $75,000. He claim
ed the company was paying higher wages
than in other cities and could afford to do
so no
Jonger. It expected to save $20,000
or $25,000 in a year on the wages of 400
men by this reduction. In the event of
a strike the management said they would
simply hire new men.
Among the men it was said that no ac
tion would be taken until Friday night,
when the assembly meets. It was thought
a strike would then be ordered.
About 3 o'clock on the 12 inst., all the
street car employes in St. Paul went out
on a strike. Not a car is running and it
now appears as though a great deal of
trouble might ensue.
In St. Paul on the 13th inBt. the situa
tion remained the same as Friday. The
mployes on the cable line refused to
and the cars were running as usual. There
were no cars started on the horse car lines,
and it was said probably there would not
be before Monday. The first row in 8t.
Paul occurred at the Ramsey street barn,
about 1 p. m., when a non-union man was
spattered with rotten eggs.
It is said the strike will extend to Du
luth street car lines, which are also owned
by Mr. Lowry.
A Soldier's Request.
Col. Julian Allen of North Carolina has
made application for relief to the president
in behalf of Capt. William A. Winder, late
of the United States army. From the
paper presented, it appears that the ap
plicant served eighteen years in the army,
beginning with the war with Mexico. Dur
ing the civil war he was desirous of going
to the front, but he fell under suspicion of
disloyalty, because his father was Gen.
Winder, an officer in the Confederate army.
Although President Lincoln was satisfied
upon the assurances ol Capt. (then lieut
enant) Winder as to hisloyalty, Secretary
Stanton insisted upon his being sent to
California. This was done, and in Califor
nia the charge of disloyalty was renewed,
finally resulting in atrial by which the
captain was honorably acquitted. While
on this duty he received the formal thanks
of the Maryland legislature for gallant
services in connection with the rescue of a
shipwrecked crew. After the war Capt.
Winder resigned, and now, as his papers
recite, broken down in health and fortune
he seeks to be reinstated in the army and
placed upon the retired list.

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