pide, even when a rock wall is laid up
support the outer side, which greatly
icreases the chances of upsetting a
j)aded wagon, and also causes the road
wash badly. In building a sidehill
5ad the wall on the outside ought not
be laid up perpendicularly, since the
instant outward pressure is quite sure
throw the wall down. Built as shown
the accompanying illustration, the
|all is constantly braced against this
ltward pressure and will remain firm
in place, it pays to have smooth,
^•ell-constructed farm roads, for poor
iads very largely increase the cost of
111 the crops that are raised.—American
Buy Only the ilest of Trees.
In buying trees, after you have made
fcp your mind what you want,.be very
pertain that you get good trees and true
larieties. A blunder in this can never
Se remedied without serious loss,
jiever buy sorts you do not want be
cause the trees look nice, or because the
[urseryman, being overstocked, offers
iem at reduced price. Such sorts
light be all right in a family orchard,
jut all wrong in your market orchard.
|t would be far better to pay two, three
-yes, half a .dozen—prices for the most
Valuable trees, than to plant poor stock
a gift. We have known parties to
blant wrong sorts, not know what they
(•ad till the trees bore, and then, when
ought to have been worth $10
^piece, they went into the orchard and
rubbed them out. —Fruit Grower's
•J Making Cider Vinegar.
there is always a good demand for
finegar, and none is better than that
inde from cider but of rich, sweet ap
ples. The earlier it is mode the more
tepid will, be the fermentation and the
luicker will come the change from alco
hol to acidity. This souring is much
fastened by frequent exposure .to the
turning the cider once a day from
vessel to another. This exposes it
the air, and if it is done for a few
keeks the vinegar will be as sour as by
letting it lie, in the barrel for as many
.RM AND GARDEN.
IARMERS AND BICYCLES.
Its of Agriculture Have Been Dimin
ished In .Two Ways,
lie extension of the trolley and cable
of traction for street enr lines
greatly reduced the demand for
igs, and as electricity or steam
lias been substituted for horse
3r the market for the cheaper grade
rses has grown worse, llecently
farmers who deal in horses have
with still another disaster* which
[diminished the demand further—
jicycle craze. This strikes
^e better quality, ordinary carriage
js, and hot those devoted to the
Ible and laborious task of drawing
ft cars for their board and lodging,
ry stables throughout tlie'country,
more especially in the smaller
is, are now feeling the sinister ef
of the bicycle'craste. In country
lis or boarding houses where in pre
|s summers it was the custom of the
pf.s to go driving, this year there has
very little demand for carriages,
licycles have furnished an adequate
Ititute. Not only have the livery
lies suffered in respect of transient
[ons desiring "to go for a drive"
the green hills and through wind
|vallcys in the country, but the reg
customers as well have gone over
|he bicycle contingent very largely,
iitry doctors, as a rule, have been
bug- the best customers of liverjr sta
i, but they are so 110 more, for many
pitry physicians IIQW use bicycles
|their professional visits, and this is
of many other former patrons of
iry stables. The large bicycle fae
}es are turning out hundreds of ma
les every day. As the number of
ihines increases the demand for
Ises falls off, and one of the results
[his has been the cheapening of good
riage horses and the reduction of
number of such carriage horses
sed by .farmers. In still another
the farmers of many states have
Eered from the effects of the bicycle
Ize the wheels need no-fddder. The
fer horses, the less demand for hay
oats and it is believed in many
Lrt.ers that a shortage in the New
rk hay crop this year is all that pre
|ts a big fall in the price consequent
9n the decrease of the demand,
put while on the one hand the farm
of the country have suffered from
bicycle craze—due directly to the
Jited demand for horses and indirect
to the reduced demand for hay and
|s—they have in another wa3* reason
)e grateful to the cyclists, who are
practical pioneers in the movement,
liar as this country is concerned, of
Iter roads. The improvement in
Ids is of decided benefit to farmers,
kre so, in fact, than some of them
klize or are willing to admit. Better
(ids put farmers into closer eommuni
|tion with consumers, and by deercas
fche cost of transportation enlarge
profits of agriculture, and this be
Ificent work is going on in every part
"the country, for bicyclists are found
over the United States.—N. Y. Sun.
iple and Durable Method of Protecting
Many farm roads have to be built
mg a sidehill or bank to avoid too
larp an ascent. The outer sides of
Ich roads are usually lower than the
The early apples are often de-
icicnt in sweetness. An addition of
sugar to the cider greatly increases the
ilcohol and also the acid in it when that
»t«ge is reached.—Prairie Farmer. •sW
it Has Proved. Most Satisfactory to the
Man Who Designed It.
The rough sketch of an evaporator la
sent, hoping' if a similar evaporator is
made it may prove as satisfactory to
others as it has to me. The principal
points involved are economy of space
and rapid drying. The evaporator may
be made as large as the top of a cook
stove and as high as one may wish. It
should have no top, as the heat ascends
through all the sieves filled with fruit
and escapes through the top sieve. The
cut has seven sieves, a, the lower, being
12 inches above the stove. The lower
part should be of galvanized iron and
the holes or ventilators, b, admit cool
air which is heated as it ascends and
KITCILEX STOVE FRUIT EVAPORATOR.
carries the moisture from the fruit with
it. Different sieves should be moved
higher or lower, as they dry the fruit,
-I use perforated zinc for sieves with a
small wood frame around the edge.
W. B. Troop, in Farm and Home.
PAVED BY ANCIENTS.
Discovery of a Remarkable Prehistoric
Road In California.
Some weeks ago a local newspaper
reported interesting discoveries made
on the north slope of San Miguel moun
tain by Herman C. Cook and C. A. Fau
vell, two mining prospectors, the dis
coveries comprising a prehistoric stone
roadway, a number of mining tools and
unmistakable traces of an ancient min
ing camp. The age of the roadway was
indicated by the growth upon it of large
trees. What were believed to be the
I dumps of one or perhaps two mines
were also found, and chunks of ore
which carried gold and silver were
picked up there. The prospectors have
been very reserved in speaking of their
discovery. They arrived here a few
days ago, however, and it has leaked out
that it is of much greater interest
than at first supposed. The stone
paved road was traced to a wall of solid
and well-executed masonry. This was
found to surround an inclosure now
filled with debris, but which is believed
to be an old arastra. A portion of the
iioor is there, and fragments of a crush
ing stone were found. Near this aras
tra was discovered the mouth of a tun
nel filled with debris. This is now be
ing cleaned out. A keystone sur
mounted the arch at the entrance and
the walls are well defined, though some
what disintegrated. In the vicinity are
also traceable the foundations of no less
than 19 small houses and a flat stone,
beating an inscription which has not
been deciphered, is thought to mark the
location of the tunnel, and the pushing
of the investigation into the mountain
will lead to more interesting discoveries
than any yet made bearing on the life
Of ancient man in this region.—San
Diego (Cal.) Letter.
GARDEN AND ORCHARD.
Never hill up the earth around the
Plant young trees not more than two
years from the bud or graft.
Never apply fresh manure so that it
will come in direct contact with the
Do not put apples for long kecpingin
the cellar or in pits until cold weather
The unsightly webs of the tent cater
pillar that appear in the orchard
should be cut off and burned.
The objection to late growth on trees
is that it produces tender wood that is
liable to be injured by freezing.
The best ground for a peach orchard
is a sandy soil that has been planted for
several years with general crops.
Cut out and burn all plants of rasp
berries and blackberries affected with
orange rust. It is the only safe remedy.
Spraying with London purple, one
ounce to ten gallons of water, is given
as a sure remedy for the tent caterpil
Clean up and burn all rubbish in the
orchard as soon as possible by so doing
great numbers of insects will be de
Autumn is a good time to prune the
grape. The work can be done at any
time after the leaves have fallen. Usu
ally the more room a vine can be given
to extend the better the success.
Whether to run horizontally or upright,
the vines should le trained as nearly as
possible in straight lines.—St. Louis lie
Marketing: Fancy Fruit.
A discouraging fact to the fruit gtfbw
er who is trying to put fan«y goods on
the market is that the vender will be
almost sure to give buyers the wroag
name of varieties. This nullifies much
of the growe r's efforts. About the only
way to overcome this difficulty is to
plainly brand each package with its true
name. TheM "fancy" varieties could
be shipped in one, two and four quast
baskets in crates, as strawberries only,
so as to gd to consumers inthe original
packages. This is being done in a small
way at certain markets. Each basket
is stenciled With name of variety, pri
vate brand of the grower, and his ad
dress. Consumers thus learn to recog*
nize both grower and variety, and in
time will insist upon having
fruit.—N. £. Homestead.
SCHOOL AND CHURCH.
—The oldest United States college is
Harvard, founded in 1030,
—It is said that of the 50.000 Indians
belonging to the Sioux tribe 4,000 be
long to the Episcopul, Presbyterian
and Congregational churches.
—Tenago Sehyoun, of Benda, Egypt,
is at the Cincinnati law school to study
American and English jurisprudence.
He is a graduate of Alexandria law
school, and is the first Egyptian to
pursue his law studies in the United
—In the early days of Christianity
many styles of dating were in vogue,
and eras were established with the
annunciation, the birth, the transfig
uration, the ascension and other events
in the history of Christ as starting
—At a recent religious meeting in
Boston Mr. Elijah A. Morse said that
although he was a Congregationalist
he "would advocate the Episcopal cus
tom of introducing a petition for the
president and public officials in all our
—Classical scholars all over the
world are at work on a "Thesaurus
Linguae Latinse," under the direction
of the German Philological associa
tion. The work will cost $150,000.
The first parts will be issued in 1900,
adited by Professors Bucheler, Leo and
—It is a common fallacy to state
that the pilgrims introduced into the
Holy Father's presence kneel down
and kiss his toe. The real facts of the
case are that the pilgrims kiss a cross
embroidered on the toe of one of the
shoes which his holiness wears on this
—The Bambino di Ar»j Coeli, of
Rome, is the oldest doll in the world,
ind, if tradition is true, almost as old
is the Christian religion for it is
claimed to have been carved out of a
tree from the Mount of Olives in the
time of the Apostles, and to have been
painted by St. Luke.
—According to an article in the Oc
tober number of the Century on "The
Marriage Kate of College Women,'J
cased on carefully-gatherea statistics
from all of the women's colleges of the
country, the ultimate probability of a
2ollege woman's marriage is below
fifty-five per cent, against ninety per
cent, for other women—not quite two
thirds as great.
—A Congregation in Kansas seems
to have found a new way of raising
funds for their church work. They
have agreed to sow one hundred and
3ixty acres of land with wheat, and,
after deducting a certain sum for rent,
devote the rest to paying church ex
penses. The members furnish teams,
plows, laborers and ssed, and expect to
be able to provide preaching for every
Sabbath from the proceeds.
—The Holy Alliance of 1:"11 was
formed by the pope, Julius II., with
Spain, Venice and Switzerland against
Louis XII., who had managed to steal
for himself all the benefits of the
League of Cambria, and had appro
priated the territory of Venice. The
specific purpose of this league was to
drive the French out of Venice and
take from their control all their pos
sessions in the Italian peninsula. Its
objects were not carried out on account
of the death of Julius, which occurred
short time after the formation of the
CHM Upon a Lonely Island
and He Died in Squalor.
"Some years ago, up at North Haven
island, on the Maine coast,
"said a New
Yorker recently, "I came across a mys
tery that haunts me still. A bare,
rocky point juts out into the sea on
one side of the island, and the first
year that I visited the place there was
a rude cabin on the rock. Having gone
out there from curiosity one day, I
found a man in shameful rags trying
out oil from the refuse from a fisli-can
ning factory. When I came to exam
ine the man his appearance astonished
"He was an extremely handsome,
well-made Englishman of forty or
thereabouts. His hands, soiled with
the material he worked in, were small
and well shaped. When I tried to
draw him into conversation he at first
answered me in monosyllables, and
was almost sulky in his reserve. He
gradually thawed, however, and I
found that he spoke rare and beauti
ful English—that of a well-read and
well-bred man. Glancing into the door
of his cabin, I could see perhaps a score
of well-thumbed volumes in library
binding. His reserve was such that I
could not ask him about himself, but I
left the island deeply interested in him.
"I turned up at North Haven the
next year, and one of the earliest
things I did was to go out to the point
in search of my acquaintance. The
rock was bare again and there was no
trace of him and his cottage. I asked
about him of some persons I met on
the island, and here is what I learned.
He had come to the place mysteriously
some years before, having been drop
ped by a schooner.
"He found work at the fish cannery,
but later quit the place, built his
cabin on the rock, supplied himself
with food chiefly by fishing and ol
tained from the factory the privilege
of trying oil from the Refuse. From
the product he obtained a little ready
money for tobacco and other luxuries.
At some time between my two visits
his cabin was discovered to be on fire
late one night, and, hurrying down,
bis neighbors saw him amid the flames
dead, with his throat cut. The fire
had so seized upon the hnt that his
body could not be removed until it was
nearly consumed. He was buried and
no solution of the mystery was discov
ered. Life had evidently become in
supportable to him and he had taken
the way of suicide as the easiest one
out of misery."—N. Y. Sun. 'i
The (iuddeli of the Wheel.
lb is folly to call the bicycle new.
Even mythology recognized it, and,
curiously enough, made its- divinity
female. Th^significance of her name
has been strangely overlooked fc-r cen
"ON, boy, I'll give you a dollar to catch
my canary bird." "He's just caught,
ma'am." "Where—where is the precious
pet?" "Black cat up the road's got 'im
LITTLE Alice heard her father say that
her cousin Jack has the smallpox, and ex
claimed: "Oh, papa, I think it's real mean
of Jack not to send me any."—Harper's
IT BEATS THEM ALL.
24 Hours Chicago to Atlanta Via Cincln
clnnatl, Kentucky Blue Orass Region
The popular Big Four Route has, in con
nection with the Queen & Crescent, and
Southern Railway, established a fast
schedule between Chicago and Atlanta
leaving Chicago at 12 o'clock noon, arriving
at Atlanta at 12 o'clock noon the next day.
This is by far the best acd quickest line
from Chicago and the North
west to Atlanta
and the South. Send for time cards, rates,
etc., to J. C. Tucker, G. N. A., 231 Clark
A PERSON has a right to exercise his own
religion provided it does not interfere with
his general good behavior.—Household
Very Low Bates to the South.
On December 3rd the Chicago and East
ern Illinois R. R. will sell one way Land
Settlers Tickets to all points in the South
at very low rates. For detailed informa
tion address City Ticket Office, 230 Clark
St., Chicago, C. W. Humphrey, Northern
Passenger Agent, St. Paul,Minn., or Charles
L. Stone, Gcn'l Pass, and Ticket Agent,
TUB trouble in the world is nearly all due
to the fact that one-half the people are men,
and the other half women.—Atchison Globe.
BEECHAM'S PILLS for constipation 10c and
25c. Get the book (free) at.vour druggist's
and go by it. Annual sales 6,000,000 boxes.
HE—"Shall I come again to-morrow
night?" She—"No. You had better stay
at home and get some sleep."
Special Souvenir Numbers, double in
size and appropriate to each season
are published at Thanksgiving, Christ
mas, New Year's, Washington's Birth
day, Easter and Fourth of July.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report
I COULD not get along without Piso's Cure
for Consumption. It always cures.—MB9. E.
C. MOCLTON, Needham, Mass., Oct. 22, '94.
A PREFERRED creditor—one who never
presents his bill.—Texas Sittings.
Hall's Catarrh Care
Is taken Internally. Price 75a
THE great rule of moral conduct
to God to respect time.—Lavater.
Grace before Meat
There's a difference between being full of thanks
giving, and being full cjTj* Thanksgiving dainties.
But the one thing generall} .j^^ds to the other. How
can it be helped when the turirey is so good, and the
pie so enticing? Here's a helpful hint. For that
full feeling after Thanksgiving take a pill. Not
any pill, mind you. There are pills that won't help
you. Take the pill that will. It's known as Ayer's
Pill and it's perfect. It is sugar-coated, pleasant
to the palate, and its operation, like that of nat#re,
is effective and without violence. Keep this in your
mind if you want to enjoy the holiday season:
Grace before meat, but a Pill after Pie.
THE YOUTHS COMPANION
"The Companion hat bean growisc better, brighter every year for more than sixty
"52 Tines a Year." Subscription. $1.75.
The Volume of The Companion for 1896—the 70th year of its publication will give weekly entertainment and
instruction in abundance for every member of the family.
The size of Tte Companion page is
four times that of the. leading Maga
zines. In each Volume nearly 700
pages are given, profusely illustrated.
Only $1.75 a year.
More than 200 Famous Men and Women have contributed to the next Volume of THE COMPANION.
Send for Full Illustrated Prospectus and Sample Copies Free.
HEADQUARTERS The hatter's store.—
New Subscribers who will cut out this slip and send it AT ONCE
with name and address, and $1.75, will receive:
FREE —The Youth's Companion every week till January 1, 1896. tlllS Slip Wltll
FREE Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Year's Double Numbers.
FREE —Our Handsome 4-page Calendar (7x10 inches), litho
graphed in nine colors. Retail price, so cents. 39
AND THE COMPANION 5» weeks, a full year, to January x, 1897. 5
THE YOUTH'S COMPANION, 201 Columbus Avenue, Boston, Mass.
Send Check, Post-Office or Express Order, or Registered Letter, at Onr Risk.
makes cod-liver oil taking next
thing to a pleasure. You hardly taste it. The stom
ach Knows nothing about it—it does not trouble you
there. You feel it first in the strength that it brings:
it shows in the color of the cheek, the rounding of the
angles, the smoothing of the wrinkles.
It is cod-liver oil digested for you, slipping as easily
into the blood and losing itself there as rain-drops lose
themselves in the ocean.
What a satisfactory thing this is—to hide the odious
taste of cod-liver oil, evade the tax on the stomach,
take health by surprise.
There is no secret of what it is made of—the fish-fat
taste is lost, but nothing is lost but the taste.
Perhaps your druggist kas a substitute for Scott's Emulsion.
Ism't tbe standard all others ry to equal the best for you to buy
go cents «nl ti.oo All Druggists
SCOTT & \BOWNE
Chemists New York
a prize fighter and champion in every contest with S
It knocks out in every round* and on its belt is
The great success of the chocolate preparations of
the house of Walter Baker & Co. (established
in 1780) has led to the placing on the market
many misleading and unscrupulous imitations
of their name, labels, and wrappers. Walter
Baker & Co. are the oldest and largest manu
facturers of pure and high-grade Cocoas and
Chocolates on this continent. No chemicals are
used in their manufactures.
Consumers should ask for, and be sure that
they get, the genuine Walter Baker & Co.'s goods.
WALTER BAKER & CO., Limited,
Both young and old find in each
week's issue amusement and education
in the Serial and Short Stories, in its
Editorials, Anecdotes, Health and
BEST or THE WORLD.
THE RlSINd SUN
STOVE POLISH ia
calces for general
blacking of a stove.
THE SUN PASTE
POLISH for a quick
applied and pol
ished with a cloth.
Morse Bros., Props., Canton, Mass., U.S.A.
flLLr and Children
Are sent out to work, free of charge to employer or
employed. For help of all kinds send to THB
BUREAU OF LABOR AND TRANSPORTATION' of Chi
cago, Room 718,167 Dearborn st., John Vlsher. Sec'y.
World's Fair HIGHEST AWARD.
1 Always WINS HOSTS
[FRIENDS wherever its
I Superior Merits become
known. It is the Safest
FOOD for Convalescents!:
5old by DRUGGISTS EVERYWHERE I S
S John Carle
THE AERMOTOR CO. does half the world's
windmill business, because It has reduced the cost of
wind power to 1/6 what it was. It lias man branch
bouses, and supplies lt3 goods and repairs
at your door. It can and does furnish a
better article for les3 money than
others. It makes Pumping and
January 1st at 1/3 the usual price. It also makes
Tanks and Pumps of all kinds. Send for cataloirua.
Factory: I2tb, Rockwcll and FlUfflore Streets, Chicago
Geared, Steel, Galvanized-after
Completlon windmills. Tilting
and Fixed Steel Towers, Steel Buzz Saw
Frames, Steel Feed Cutters and Feed
Grinders. On application It will name one
of these articles that it will furnish until
WOOLLKY, ATLAXT4, G*.
Will like it.
So will the Cook
9 your better half doe* the cooking, that It
an additional reason why there should be a
CHARTER OAK RANGE OR STOVB in
your kitchen. The use of them prevents
worry and disappointment.
CIIUHV Plm&ppie. oranr*. fruit, *»rden l«nd» ta-f
SUNIIT cel«br»trii Dinton T»*et, «dJo»njartJ»rl»
»|modern town of
interest. Send Tor.
W. B. IfnManifci
retook churches: tr*n»porta.tton to Northern mar
kets high lfcixi among beautlfe! Km** HIE*
UrU *ma!l c»»h
balance monthly wfthon*
balance montniy wijnoa*
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