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Williston graphic. (Williston, Williams County, N.D.) 1895-1919, December 27, 1895, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88076270/1895-12-27/ed-1/seq-3/

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AGRICULTURAL HINTS.
GOOD THOROUGHFARES.
[ilke Charity, This Writer Thinks, They
Should Begin at Home.
All thing's considered—youth and
jvergrowth, inexjSerieiwse and careless
less, and, in the majority of cases, lack
jf opportunity to judge by comparison
-the United States has kept reasona
ble pace with other nations in the mat
ter of roadways. There is an appalling
territory to be covered, beside which
the establishing of good roads in Eu
ropean countries seems like child's play.
Due of the chief troubles in America has
»cen the rapid development of our tre
lendous railway system, which has
absorbed the time, attention and cap
ital of men and companies who have
fiven thought to conditions of com
lunications between districts. Far
teaching and essential as this mode of
conveyance is, it must be remembered
that the finest railroad in the world in
10 way lessens the local 'need of good
roads in the communities through
,-liich it passes.
While one naturally expects to find
the greatest degree of comfort in these
linatters in the oldest settlements, it is
fact beyond dispute that the younger
cities of the west are far better paved
than eastern cities generations older,
,hile country roads in populous dis
tricts average as good. In no other
latter do men so easily reconcile them
selves to indifferent and inefficient serv
|ice. The amount of discomfort en
lured daily in cities paved with granite
jlocks, for instance, is past computa
tion. Irregular of surface, noisy, dirty,
[hard alike on horse and on vehicle, this
[barbarous system has had but one
(merit to recommend it: It is durable.
[Considering its manifold discomforts,
I this is rather a fault than a virtue.
Other materials are durable, cleaner,
[more comfortable in every respect, and
|yet are vigorously fought against by
[partisans of the granite blocks, who are
(jounced about in carriages and deaf
ened by noise without realizing the
(•degree of discomfort to which they
[subject themselves. No sane man would
I elect to wear a hair-cloth shirt because
lit was durable and seldom required
[change, for he would consider the many
1
forms of creature comfort sacrificed
Ito this sort of economy. Yet few peo
Iple seem to realize that granite pave
Iments are the hair shirts of communi
ties, and that the day for mortifying
the flesh has long gone past in civilized
countries.
Good thoroughfares, like charity,
[.should begin at home. On the day
when each commonwealth, after care
I ful investigation and satisfactory tests,
unbiased by bribery, preferment or
political affinity and reward, compels
by act of law the laying of whatever
form of paving has been demonstrated
as best for city and country use—on
that day the millennium may be de
scribed approaching. Then the Amer
ican tally-ho coach will exist with
Teason, because of (and not despite
the lack of) fitting roads along which
to roll its pictiiresque expense. Parties
I planning pedestrian tours will not have
to cross the seas to find a starting-point
for their itinerary country homes will
be more sought for and more enjoyed
and the native American will begin to
form an acquaintance with the u#i
dreamed-of beauties of his own land,
based upon something besides snap-shot
glimpses from a railroad train, and
deepened into an interest and admira
tion made possible only through the
intimacy begotten of good roads.—
Marion Manville Pope, In Lippincott's
Magazine.
FOR COOLING MILK.
A Simple Contrivance Suitable for Die on
Small Dairy Farms.
The accompanying illustration repre
sents a device by which vessels contain
ing milk can be hung in a well and kept
•cool. It supports four pails which can
Te raised and lowered by means of one
small windlass. I have used this for
several years and find it quite satisfac
tory. Stock is watered from this well.
A pump is placed close to the wall, and
as the well is a large one does not inter
fere with the raising or lowering of the
milk palls.—M. H. Whitney, in Amer
ican Agriculturist.
Autumn Work in the Garden.
A garden cannot be had without
«xtra effort. Cover it with manure
"this fall and work the manure into the
soil. No value can be placed on a gar
den because it provides something
which money cannot always secure—
fresh fruits and vegetables for the
family. No doubt, one can buy all the
small fruits and vegetables required,
but they cannot be had in the fresh
condition as when they are transferred
from the garden to the table in a few
minutes. Prepare for the garden by
the use of plenty of manure now, so as
to have it thoroughly decomposed by
spring.
Can't Afford Poor Milkers.
Every cow of a dairy herd should be
examined through a Babcock tester.
The milk should be weighed and tested
so that the unprofitable cow should be
known and weeded out from the herd.
Farmers can't afford to keep cows for
dairy purposes which do not yield
quantities of butter or cheese pretty
^ell up to standard record. Both la
bor and feed must be wasted if the
cows which give less than average
^quantity of butter fat or casein are not
tu*ue*l over to the butcher.
ft.
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SOME VALUABLE HINTS.
How to Raise Peaoh and Plum Trees
from the Pits.
A. J. Keller, Crawford county, 0.#
writes to the National Stockman
Please inform me through the column*
of your valuable paper how to raise
plum and peach trees from the pits
how to treat the pits and when to plant
them and when to transplant the trees,
and how to treat them to make them
bear fruit.
Ileply: The pits do better not to dry
out. As soon as possible after they
are taken from the fruit they should
be put in damp earth or sand and kept
moderately damp—not water-soaked
—until planted. They are less trouble
when planted in the fall as soon as the
ground can be got ready. Covered with
about two inches of soil, the exposure
to the frost will crack the shells and
the kernels will be ready to grow with
the approach of spring.
If not convenient to plant in the fall,
they can be kept covered with a few
inches of soil in a corner of the gar
den where water will not stand per
manently. But they must be looked
after very early in spring in order to
pick out the ones that have opened and
plant them.
This tendency to start early before
the ground is ready to receive them
has induced some to bury them below
the action of frost—two or two and a
half feet—and when ready for them in
spring, take them up and crack by hand,
a somewhat tedious process.
In planting the seeds, in either case
they should be pretty thick in the rows,
as they will not all grow. The rows
may be about four feet apart, and with
cultivation every ten days or so during
the growing season they will make nice
trees by fall.
It will be understood, of course, that
all these will vary more or less from
the present varieties, and that their
sole value—except where seedlings of
a certain sort are specially desired by
way of experiment—will be as stocks
on which to bud the choice varieties.
When the budding has been success
ful the buds treated according to in
structions will have grown to be four
or more feet high by the end of the sec
ond summer and may be set out in the
orchard. But peach, plum and cherry
do better transplanted in the spring.
As to the bearing, much depends 011
the varieties, some being more certain
than others and all must takfe the
chances of unfavorable seasons.
GREENHOUSE ME.ONS.
How They Are Grown at the Cornell Ex
periment Station.
A recent bulletin issued by the Cor
nell University Experiment station
treats on the subject of growing winter
melons. Prof. Bailey thinks that while
the melon is admittedly the most diffi
cult vegetable crop to mature in the
winter months, it can no doubt often be
MELON IN GREENnoUPE.
added with profit to those houses
which are fitted for the growing of
frame cucumbers or tomatoes. Grow
ers for profit, howevex*, will do well to
go slowly. The great difficulty in
making meloixs profitable is the usual
ly very light yield, a plant producing
only two or three melons. Unless the
price obtained is a very high one such a
yield does not pay. Much depends
also on the season. To mature melons
we need sunshine, and this is often a
soarce article during the earlier part of
the winter. Last year, during October,
November and December, we had plenty
of it.
The melon, vines are usually trained
on wires. The melons have to be sup
ported in some way. Prof. Bailey's
way is shown in the accompanying pic
ture.
The gardener at the station in Geneva
supports his melons on little pieces of
thin board, about five by six inches,
which are hxing up on the cross wires
by strings. The latter plan is perhaps
slightly preferable.—American Garden
ing.
ORCHARD AND GARDEN.
IF
worms are eating the grape leaves
a solution of white hellebore will stop
them.
TUB shoots of asparagus should al
ways be allowed to grow three or four
inches high before cutting.
IN
eating grapes do not swallow the
seed. Might as well swallow pebbles.
The human stomach onght not to be
made to play the part of that of an os
trich.
IF a weed is allowed to go to seed it
will multiply itself many times next
year. Nothing is so economical on the
farm as preveixting weeds from going to
seed.
WILL
tomatoes from seed sown in the
open ground do as well as if sown under
glass and transplant? we are asked.
Yes, and sometimes better under favor
able conditions.
ONE of our subscribers complainp
that though his plum trees bloom well,
they do not fruit. Probably they are
not fertilized. It is always desirable to
set plums of different kinds in an or
chard to insure fertilization.
WATER can often be applied to the
garden without much trouble. A wind
mill, tank and hose will do the work,
and if the soil is of the proper kind, and
the garden is for market purposes, it
may pay to irrigate. But if the soil
bakes under irrigation. But if the soil
harm than good.—Farmer's Voice.
v-•
HOME HINTS AND HELPS.
—Shabby velvet may be improved
In appearance by the following treat*
ment: First brush it thoroughly so as
to remove all dust then spread on the
top of the stove, whioh must be only
warm, a damp cloth, and over this put
the velvet right side up. As soon|as
the steam from the damp cloth ceases
the velvet must be removed or it will
scorch.—Leed's Mercury.
—Coffee Cream Cake: For any good
layer cake make a filling as follows:
Three tablespoonfuls of coffee and a
cup and a half of cold water steep
and strain. Thicken with cornstarch
sweeten. Add whipped cream to taste.
Milk may be added to the coffee before
thickening, in place of the cream. It
tastes like coffee ice-cream soda.—Mrs.
John Jay, In Housekeeper.
—Peach Tart: Butter a tart pan, roll
out the paste to the thickness of half
an inch and line the pan with it prick
a few holes in the bottom with a fork
and bake it in a brisk oven for ten or
fifteen minutes. Let the paste cool a
little, then fill it with peaches that
have been peeled, quartered, sweetened
and covered with thick, sweet cream.
Place a few stars or leaves on it which
have been cut out of the paste and
baked.—Western Rural.
—Baked Chicken in Rice: Cut a
chicken into pieces in the usual man
ner, season with pepper and salt, and
place in a deep dish lined with thin
slices of salt pork, ham, or bacon, ac
cording to taste. Add a pint of veal
gx-avy, into which has been stirred one
finely-chopped onion, and fill the dish
with boiled rice, heaping slightly. To
protect from the dii*eet heat of the
oven, cover with a paste, which may
be economically made of flour and wa
ter. Bake for an hour, remove the
paste, and serve while hot. Good
Housekeeping.
—Tongue: To cook a tongue, first
parboil and skin the tongue, trim it
neatly, mince two boiled onions and a
small bunch of parsley together. Mix
with these three tablespoonfuls of fine
cracker crumbs, seasoned with a trifle
of cayenne, a blade of mace and six
pounded cloves. Spread the seasoned
crumbs over the tongue and cover with
the thinnest possible slices of bacon.
Roll the tongue with thick part in the
middle, put it into a small baking-pan,
cover it with meat-broth and bake
slowly for three or four hours (on some
clay when there is fire for other things.)
When done put in a mold and press
till cold.—Prairie Farmer.
FOR THE SCHOOLGIRL.
Modes Specially Devlncd for Small Sister
Not Yet Out.
The small girl, very brown and
merry, is back to town again. She is
no longer a wee summer girl but a
school girl in earnest. With her school
bag over her arm and a determined
little expression upon her face, she
trudges off to school with marked
regularity these cold fall mornings.
And her mother is planning where
withal she may be clothed. Whether
the school girl is the very best girl in
the world or not, she will wear out her
school frocks with astonishing rapid
ity. Therefore the wise mother plans
a goodly number of school gowns for
her small daughter.
The ready-made frocks shown this
fall are not only satisfactory in design
and material, but are time-saving crea
tions to the busy mother as well. As
to price, the little dresses are really
economical investments. For four dol
lars a simple, well-made frock may be
bought, and for eight dollars a gown
which would delighc the heart of any
little girl.
The materials u.*ed for school frocks
are the same as those used for big girls'
tailor made gowns. The rough novelty
goods and cheviots are considered the
most stylish. In coloring, greens and
browns are prevalent, with a frequent
dash of bright red. Poplin is a favorite
material for school frocks, and the real
Scotch plaids are in great demand.
The plaids are both large and small,
and are seen in almost every color,
from the genuine Scotch tartans to the
new novelty plaids. All the school
dresses are simple in design, though
many of them are combined with
chameleon silk.
Both soutache braid and gimp are
used as trimming, and on many of the
more elaborate dresses are seen plaited
frills of heavy satin ribbon.
Skirts are wide, measuring three
yards round, waists full and sleeves
as hugely puffed as ever. The favor
ite design shows the skirt gathered to
the full silk waists, over which are
straps of the wool material. In the
front the straps are so arranged that
the silk shows between them in a
loose, puffy effect The straps reach
from the waist line to the yoke and
are frequently edged with silk gimp.
The yoke is of the silk and the sleeves
of the wool fabric. '1*1. leg-o'-mutton
sleeve is not used as muc. this fall as
the huge puff, which reaches to the
elbow and is there joined by a deep,
tight-fitting cuff. Large sailor colters
are much in evidence in the latest
school dresses and berthas are still i«
fashion.
Where a little frock is made of
rough novelty goods in brown and
dull red the full silk waist will show
chameleon tints of brown, dark and
light red and perhaps a vivid green.
The plaid dresses are generally made
very plain and are not often combined
with silk. All the little dresses, of
course, fasten at the back.
To possess many aprons is the proud
privilege of a school girl. The newest
this year is the Empire, which is very
dainty and pretty. It is made of lawn
and the short-waisted effect is defined
by a frill of embroidery. Other em
broidery frills outline the armhole and
form a substitute for a Rleeve. Occa
sionally beading run with ribbon takes
the place of the frill. Sensible-look
ing aprons are box-plaited, have long
sleeves and a deep sailor collar. The
gingham aprons, which are more for
home wear than school, are made in
the good old Mother-Hubbard fashion.
The aprons vary in price from fifty
eenU to In dollars.—St. Louis Ecpvb»
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BETWEEN THE LINES.
I read her little letter over.
Unstudied, courteous, friendly, wise—
No hint of hope to waiting lover,
No tender word to srlad his eyes
No vaguest sign nor indication
Of even discreet and mild flirtation.
Yet, oh, I kiss the scented missive
As I would kiss her, could I hold her
As I hold It—mute and submissive,
And heart beats high and hope grows
bolder.
Her written words I skim, unheeding—
'Tis what she dosen't pay I'm reading.
—Madeline S. Bridges, in Judea.
A SATISFIED MAN
Who Does Not Propose to liulld a Kail
road.
Henry W. Oliver, the great iron man
of Pittsburg, is largely interested in
mining on the Mesaba range in Minne
sota. The Pxttsburg Dispatch says that
"when shown a telegram from St. Paul
stating that he was backing the Mer
rits in building a rival road, Mr. Oliver
said that, so far as he was concerned,
there was not a single word of truth in
the statement that the relations be
tween his interests and the Duluth,
Mesaba & Northern people were not
strained, that he had no disposition, no
desire to encourage or assist in the
building of another line of railroad,
and that he thought that the lxnes of
railroad now in the country should be
encouraged by paying them a fair rate
of freight, so that they could provide
additional facilities for moving the
heavy tonnage now pressing on the
lines. Mr. Oliver stated that his treat
ment by the Rockefeller interests had
always been fair, and that he had no
reason to anticipate any chancre in their
policy."
A Faulty Deduction.
"There's a great deal in this science
of deduction," said an ardent admirer
of Sherlock Holmes to a chance ac
quaintance on the rear platform of a
trolly car. "For instance, I see from
your bronzed cheeks that you have just
returned from along vacation, you have
just dined, for you appear to enjoy
that cigar hugely, and a cigar always
has finer flavor after dinner." "De
duction, is it?" said he whose family
history the original Sherlock would
have known at a single glance. "Well,
I ain't had no vacation, and I ain't had
no dinner. I'm a bricklayer—been
working for three weeks on the top of
a five-story building, and I'm friends
with this cigar becauseul'm uster smok
in' a pipe, and it's the first rope I've
bousrht for eicrht years. See?"
EIGHTEEN THOUSAND DOLLARS is a
high price to pay for a story, but that is
what the publishers of The Century
Magazine are said to have paid for the
right to print the novel by Mrs. Hum
phry Ward which is announced in our
advertising columns to-day.
For all
the Family.
52
Times a Year.
Six Holiday
Numbers.
700
Large Pages.
$i.75
A Tear.
50-ct.
CALENDAR
FREE
Scott Bewne, New York,
*1.^
-.sap
As
THE
itinerant with the organ came in
full .view of the sign:
"Beware of the dogs,"
he passed oa to the next house, emitting
from his machine the weil-known notes of:
"I don't want to play in your yard."—Yonk
ers Statesman.
IT BEATS THEM ALL.
24 Hours Chicago to Atlanta Via Cincin
clunatl, Kentucky Blue Grass Region
and Chattanooga.
The popular Big Four Route has, in con
nection with the Queen & Crescent, and
Southern Railway, established a fast
schedule between Chicago and Atlanta
leaving Chicago at 12 o'clock noon, arriving
at Atlanta at 12 o'clock noon the next day.
This is by far the best and quickest line
from Chicago and the Northwest to Atlanta
and the South. Send for time cards, rates,
etc., to J. C. Tucker, G. N. A., 234 Clark
street, Chicago.
FATHER—"Tommy,
Every member of the family, from youngest
to the oldest, finds in each issue amusement
and education in the Serial and Short Stories,
in its Editorials, Anecdotes, Health and Mis
cellaneous Articles.
The Companion is published every Thursday
and is received each week in more than thirty
six thousand post-offices in the United States,
and by more than Half a Million Homes.
Special Souvenir Numbers, double in size
and appropriate to each season, are published
at Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Tear's, Wash
ington's Birthday, Easter and Fourth of July.
The size of The Companion page is four times
that of the leading Magazines. In each Volume
nearly 700 pages are given, profusely illus
trated. _____
The subscription price is $1.75, paid in ad
vance. No other weekly or monthly publica
tion gives so great an amount of Entertainment
and Instruction at so small a price.
Send for Full Illustrated Prospectus and Sample Copies Free.
REMARKABLE OFFER!
Hew Sataerlbers who will eat eat this slip sad aead it
with name and address, aai $1.75, will receive:
FUE The Tonth'i Caayaaiea every week till Jaaasry 1, IW6.
FRZE Thanksgiving, CbrUtass, Hew Tear's DraMe If ambers.
FREE —Oar Eaadssae 4-ysce Calesdar (7 10 lackea), lltfce
(ri)M la alae colars. Ketall yrice, SO cents.
AHD THE COMPAKXOl
52
the food for all such.
for resisting disease—thin people, nerveless, delicate!
The food for all such men, women, or children is SCOTT'S
EMULSION. The hypophosphites combined with the oil
will tone up the system, give the blood new life, improve
the appetite and help digestion. The sign of new life will
a fattening and reddening, which brings with it strength,
comfort aod
good-nature,
iv V"
AH
'V'-.
Highest of all in.'Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report
stop pulling that cat's
tail." Tommy- "I'm only holding the tail,
the cat's pulling it."—Life.
An Enigmatical Bill of Fare,
For a dinner served on the Dining Cars of
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail
way, will Be sent to any address on receipt
of a two cent postage stamp. Apply to
Geo. H. Heafford, General Passenger Agent,
Old Colony Building, Chicago, 111.
Queer Names.
"Blue Spots"—"Dead Aches"—_
and muscle, and easily cured by
Th» Complain has bMB groviag batter, tricbUr mty yemr for am ttaaa fixty jam."
More than two hundred of the most famous writers in Great Britain and America have contributed
expressly for The Companion for 1896—the 70th year of its publication.
WHY
St. Jacobs Oil.
Timely Warning.
The great success of the chocolate preparations of
the house of Walter Baker & Co. (established
in 1780) hasted to the placing on the market
many misleading and unscrupulous imitations
of their name, labels, and wrappers. Walter
Baker fc Co. are the oldest and largest manu
facturers of pure and high-grade Cocoas and
Chocolates on this continent. No chemicals ara
used in their manufactures.
Consumers should ask for, and be sure that
they get, the genuine Walter Baker & Co.'s goods*
WALTER BAKER & CO., Limited,
DORCHESTER, MASS.
AT
weeks, a fall year, to Jaaaary 1, 1897.
THE YOUTH'S COMPANION, 201 Columbus Ave., Boston, Mass.
Seat Check, Poat-Oflice or Express Order, «r Registered Letter, at Our Klak.
How many pale folk
there are! People who
have the will, but no power
to bring out their vitality
people who swing like
a pendulum between
strength and weakness—
so that one day's work
causes six days' sickness!
People who nave no life
-'¥!wm
Powder
ABSOLUTELY PURE
"DEAR PAPA,"
wrote the little girl, "Isent
you a kiss last week by the express man. I
hope he gave it to you all right. Hereafter
I'll send 'em by mall, because the express
man is very homely and I don't like giving
them to him, and neither mamma nor nurse
will do it for me."—Harper's Bazar.
HUBBS—"Dubbs
doesn't look quite so
lofty as he did during the war." Tubbs—
"No he went into matrimony as a lieuten
ant and he never got promoted."—Louis
ville Courier-Journal.
BEECIUM'S PILLS for constipation 10c
Distinguished
Contributors.
The Princess Louise.
The Marquis of Lome.
The Lord Chief Justice
w\
and
25c. Get the book (tree) atyour druggist's
and go by it. Annual sales 6,000,000 boxes.
TEACHER—"Danny,
define the word 'max­
imum.' Danny—"It's—it's de limit."—
Indianapolis Journal.
WE think Piso's Cure for Consumption is
the only medicine for Coughs.—JENNI*
PINCKAED,Springfield,
Ills., Oct.
1,1894.
is a ship the politest thing in the
world? Because she always advances with
a bow.
Hall's Catarrh Core
Is taken internally. Price 75a
000000000004
*7 A Crick"—"A Stitch'
When will smoke not go up the chimneyt
When there is 110 fire in the stove.
of
England.
Sir Benj. Ward Richardson.
Secretary of theU. S. Navy.
Secretary of the Interior.
Secretary of Agriculture.
Judge Oliver W. Holmes.
Sir William H. Russell.
Frank R. Stockton.
W. Clark Russell.
General Nelson A. Miles.
Hon. Thomas B. Reed.
The Dean of Salisbury.
Sir Edwin Arnold.
Justin McCarthy.
Camille Flammarion.
And
More than zoo Others.
ND
01TC2
Tills slip with
#1.75
BEST IN THE WORLD.
\ot &virato\\v\v) \ox
iW'-y
n\\w VtvAn WTW&\\e&
THE RISINQ SUN
STOVE POLISH ia
cakes for (caerml
blacking a stove.
THB SUN FASTI
POLISH for a atdck
after-diner aniae,
applied aad pel*
laked with a cloth.
Heine Bran., Props., Caatm, Haas., VAA»
TENNESSEE
St. Paul
tor
cfcMM* t*
is
ATUIfl
UND&e
CUMMtflAMDl
..AAtlAWm I
OlDM.itk tb* a»•!»•!• tMl I
will
laMa
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