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GIVES GOOD ADVICE
Buffalo Bill in Hearty Sympathy
with American Boys.
Writes to Them Rcsularly and Telia
Them How to Regulate Their
Lives—How He Got the Name
That Made Him Famous.
In the cool of the early morning
Buffalo Bill sat in the parlor of hi*
private car writing letters. He was
just finishing the fifteenth when his
"Be seated for a moment," said the
famous scout to a Philadelphia Press
reporter. "These letters are to my
boys. I always finish them first thing
in the morning, before beginning work
with my secretary."
"To your boys?"
"Yes not my sons, of course, but
to my boys. I have thousands of them
scattered all ovpr the country and I
write to them regularly. It has been
my practice for years, ever since I
started in the show business. I get
from 15 to 20 letters a day from boys
in all parts of the union, and some
from abroad. These are quite separate
from letters from autograph collect
ors. I get about 200 a week of those,
and answer them at my leisure, or
sometime^ not at all.
"But my boys I nevfir neglect. They
are the most genuine letters I re
ceive—expressions of admiration, es
teem and even affection. Many of
these lads have seen me. The great
majority of them have not. Nearly
all of them have read about me—my
life as a guide on the plains, as a scout
in the Indian wars, in the army, as a
showman all over the world—all sorts
"For example, here is a letter from
a boy in New England who asks me
where I got my name. I have ex
plained to him, briefly, that a firm
of contractors for the Kansas Pacific
railroad paid me $500 a month to sup
ply their laborers with buffalo meat.
I was obliged to shoot those buffaloes
with my rifle, killing nearly 5,000 of
COL. WILLIAM F. CODY.
Better Known to the American Public as
them in 18 months. My (with pathetic
regret), but I wish I had a dozen of
those handsome animals now. They
would be a great attraction to my
sh6w. Well, it was because of shoot
ing those buffaloes that the boys out
there on the plains called me 'Buffalo
Bill.' I kicked at first, but the name
has stuck to me.
"But mind, that is not all I have
written to this boy. I have told him
to learn all he can about the great
country in the central west, of which
the majority of American boys—yes,
and men, too—know so little. I have
advised him to become first and all
a good American, and have given him
a hint or two how to go about It. I
urge that upon every boy, to learn all
about his own country, fill himself up
with pride for it and then grow up
to do his duty as a citizen of it.
"What do you think of opportuni
ties for boys to be successful and
grow rich in thes days?"
"Never better," replied Buffalo Bill,
with enthusiasm. "It is easier for a
boy to get an education now than it
was in my youthful days. Our needs
in every field of usefulness were never
greater than they are to-day. The
country is larger, the population is
greater, the people have more wants to
fill and the young man, if he is made of
the right sort of stuff, will have the
chance to fill them. In a generation
from now the great men of the country
will be numbered by tens of thou
sands and the chance of the young man
is coming toward him all the time.
"But I always aim to draw the minds
of the boys to the great central west,
from the Mississippi river to the Rocky
mountains. Too many boys in the east
are educated in the belief that there
is no wealth or industry in this coun
try west of- Wall street. The great
center of our wealth, our political in
fluence and our real national life is go
ing to be in the west before many
years. Already our brightest business
men and our best statesmen come
"The average educated Englishman
knows more about the resources of
the central west than the average
educated American. Some of our east
ern men are more insulated than the
Englishmen. During my visits abroad
I have seen more advanced books on
our west, and heard more enlightened
talk concerning what was in them, in
the homes of educated Englishmen
than I have seen in the homes of many
men in the east who would feel in
sulted if you told them they were not
and patriotic Ameri
Or«ffom Salmon la Germany.
Salmon frozen in Oregon and shipped
to the cities of Germany can be
bought there for 35 cents a pound,
while German salmon cost $1.35 a
HAS A GOOD RECORD*
Military Authorities Say There la St
Flaw lm Ma], Cornelius Gard
ener's Army Career.
Maj. Cornelius' Gardener, the gov
ernoxof the province of Tabayas, in the
southern part of the Philippine is
lands, and an officer in the United
States army of 30 years' standing, is
one of the conspicuous persons whose
reports of atrocities in the islands
have been making so much trouble for
Maj.. Gardener was born in Holland in
1847. His father was a clergyman, and
he with his family and entire congre
gation were compelled to flee from that
country to escape persecution for be-
MAJ. CORNELIUS GARDENER.
(Governor of the Province of Tabayas,
ing nonconformists to the Dutch Re
Gardener was but two years of age
when he arrived in this country. The
colony of Netherlander settled in
Michigan and founded the Holland
colonies, which properous commun
ities still exist.
Maj. 6ardener was educated in Hol
land academy and Hope college and en
tered West Point Military academy as
a cadet in 1869 and graduated with
honors in 1873. The regiment to which
he was assigned was sent west and the
young soldier took part in the Indian
wars. He was in the campaign of Gen.
Miles against the Aiapahoes and
Cheyennes in 1874 and 1875. He also
fought the Utes and Navajoes in
Colorado in 1879.
He served in the Rio Grande district
in Texas in 1S81 and in 1SD0. In the lat
ter jrear his regiment was removed to
Michigan and he was commissioned
captain of the Nineteenth infantry.
A year later the war department ap
pointed him inspector general of the
national guard of the state. Maj.
Gardener joined his regiment at Mo
bile shortly after the breaking out of
the Spanish-American war. He was
offered and accepted the colonelcy of
the first regiment to leave the state of
Michigan—the Thirty-first. The Thir
ty-first was mustered in M&y 11, 1898,
and sent to Chickamatiga. It was
mustered out April 17, 1899, at Savan
nah after the return from Cuba.
The records of the war department
show the regiment to have been one of
the best in the volunteer service. His
methods of discipline and his per
sonal character won him great favor
with his men as well with his su
He went into the Philippine service
early in 1900, where he commanded the
NOT MANY LIKE HIM.
Senator Aldrlch, Republican Leader
In the Senate, Has Never Used
Tobacco In Any Form.
Senator Aldrich, of Rhode Island,
chairman of the finance committee and
the republican leader of th\e senate,
(Perhaps the Only Party Leader Who Has
Never Used Tobacco.)
is one of the very few men in public
life who never uses tobacco in any
form. He never smoked a cigar or
a cigarette in his life and never ex
He has no particular dislike to the
weed, but thinks there is something
lacking in his physical and mental
make-up because he never had the
slightest desire to smoke or chew.
This peculiarity of his caused one of
his friends to lose $100 several years
One Sunday afternoon wliile a party
of gentlemen were visiting in. the
Providence Journal office with its edi
tor, the late Senator Anthony, one of
them stated that he knew a promi
nent citizen, an acquaintance of all of
them, who had never used tobacco in
his life. After some talk a bet of $10C
was made that the man couldn't be
produced, but when Mr. Aldrich came
in later and admitted the facts the
money was paid over.
The World's Steel Output.
The steel output of the world for a
year would make a column 1,000 feet
through and a mile and a third high.
PENALTIES OF FAME.
Writers of Fiction Are the Victims
of Brain Fatigue.
They Are Set on Edge by Sounds and
Conditions Which Are Hardly
Noticed by Pemoni in Oth
er "Walks of Lite.
Successful novel writing is not an
unmixed evil, if one judges by the pres
jnt ill-luck of Miss Mary Johnston, Mrs.
Frances Hodgson Burnett, Miss Mary
Hartwell Catherwood ana Mrs. Kate
Each of these has succumbed to
brain fatigue, says the Philadelphia
Press. Each says she will continue to
write as soon as the sanitarium re
leases its firm grip.
Each of these, except Mrs. Wiggins,
has been enjoying the privileges of a
rest cure. And rumor has it that Mrs.
Wiggins is on the threshold of a sani
One would think that the violent
Btruggle to be successful might' send
women and men to a rest cure, but to
ride to success in a golden chariot and
then break down from brain fag is be
yond the reasoning of those who have
tried and failed.
These writers have been successful
from the start. Why they each hive
yielded to fatigue and mental strain
is probably from trying to meet the
demands of an enthusiastic public.
Henry James has explained it all in
a recent ghost story, in which he lays
the blame to "the dreadful too much"
in the successful writer's life.
In that story he gives you such a
dramatic and terrible description of
the nervous fatigue that conies from
trying to live up to one's literary repu
tation, that there is reflected nervous
ness from simply reading it.
The youngest and newest of these
successful novelists is Miss Mary John
ston, and it is she who is returning to
a sanitarium in Baltimore for the sec
ond time since Christmas.
She has been suffering with the most
intense headaches. She has done
everything for them except the re-
MART HARTWFLL CATHERWOOD.
(Western Novelist Who Has Succumbed
to Brain Fatigue.)
mark able operation that it was
rumored she had undergone. This
rumor said she had submitted to the
removal of certain nerves from her
head, and that the intense pain had
therefore cease£. This was, absolutely
denied at the sanitarium. But the brain
fag and severe headaches that are be
ing treated there lend themselves
slowly to care, however skillful.
Mrs. Townsencl, or Mrs. Hodgson
Burnett, as the literary world still
knows her, has been completely pros
trated from writing successful novels.
She had to go to the sanitarium at
Fishkill Landing In the fall, and has
just ventured away from it.
When she succumbed to pain, she
was just beginning another novel
which, it was supposed, would follow
along the same money-making, praise
receiving channel as did "Fauntleroy,"
"A Lady of Quality," and others.
She began also to suffer with severe
pain, and could find no rest from it,
working or playing. She came to Amer
ica—where the good doctors are, of
course—and went into the sanitarium.
Her malady was diagnosed as neuritis
and she finds herself much better.
Mrs. Browning wrote a little poem
once which told—so her friends said—
of her own severe suffering from nerv
ous headaches. And she ends with the
philosophic reflection that if she must
have headaches or give up writing she
will take the pain. Grim choice be
tween two evils.
The late Frank Stockton suffered
from nervousness and pain produced
by noises. He was so sensitive to
jarring sound that he left Morristown,
N. J., where he had a charming home,
because he feared the city would run
a street car near the house.
Nearly all the successful workers in
imaginative fiction are set on edge by
the sounds and conditions which to
other people are in the day's life.
Their talent or genius is surrounded
by such serious handicaps.
Great financiers promote colossal
enterprises requiring the greatest
mental strain great masters of men
and affairs work ceaselessly with
gigantic results profound makers of
government wrestle with nation-build
ing problems, all in the glare and yell
and noise of active industry. But the
writer of books must have dead silence.
Even the sound of the human voice in
terrupts the flow of his organized
Wants Wonea t« Wear Hats.
In an address before the diocesan
convention of the 2iew Jersey Episco
pal church, Bishop Scarborough called
attention to the growing practice of
women appearing hatless in public
places. It had been extended to at
tendance at divine worship, which he
thought, was not a consistent practice,
and he hoped it
would be discontinued.
This Year It Will Meet at Macon, CU.,
for the Dlsensslon of Many
It is quite probable that farmers
generally do not fully realize the
scope and extent of the Farmers' na
tional congress, as otherwise they
would take a much deeper interest in
it. The topics discussed are more par
ticularly those of a national or inter
national character, quite different
from what is generally on the pro
grammes at farmers* institutes. The
following is a copy of the programme
for the 1902 meeting:
1. Interoceanic canal 2. National
irrigation 3. Reciprocity—how may it
JOHN M. STAHL.
(Secretary of the Farmers' Congress of the
affect agricultural interests? 4. Ef
fect of present insular possessions on
the agriculture of the United States
5. Preservation of forest and fruit
trees and reforestation Injurious
insects, insect pests and ittngi 7.
What part of a man's farm does he
sell when he sells the crop? 8. Postal
reforms particularly affecting the
farmer 9. Mutual relations of north
ern and southern farmers 10. Dairy
interests of the United States as re
lated to the markets of the world 11.
Farm products other than dairy prod
ucts in the markets of the world 12.
The labor problem from the farmer's
standpoint 13. How can we best build
up our merchant marine? The men
selected to present these subjects are
The farmers' national congress is
made up of delegates and associate"
delegates appointed by the governors
of the states. Every governor ap
points as many delegates as the state
has representatives in both houses of
congress, and as many associate dele
gates as he chooses.
The meeting will be held at Macon,
Ga., October 7-10, and the people of
that city will give a hearty welcome to
all who attend.
Famous British Naval Officer Re«
turned to the British Parlia
ment tor the Fourth Time.
Rear Admiral Lord Charles William
De la Poer Beresford, who has been
returned to parliament unopposed for
Woolwich, is the second son of Rev.
John, fourth marquess of Waterford.
He was born at Philiptown, County
Dublin, on February 10, 1846, and ap
pointed a sub-lieutenant in the navy
in January, 1866, and, becoming a com
mander in November, 1875, accompa*
nied as naval aide-de-camp the king
when, as prince of Wales, he made his
Indian tour in 1875-6. In 1879 he was
appointed to the command of the royal
yacht Osborne, and in 1882
(Just Returned to British Parliament for
the Fourth Time.)
the Condor at the bombardment of
Alexandria .afterwards landing and
instituting a regular police system in
the city. He afterwards served on
Lord Wolseley's staff in the Nile ex
pedition -of 1884-5, and was in com
mand of the naval brigade at Abu Klea,
Abu Kru and Metemmeh, and in com
mand of the expedition which rescued
Sir Charles Wilson's party. From Au
gust, 1886, till January, 1888, he was
navali lord of the admiralty, was, in
command of the steam reserve at Chat
ham from 1893 till 1896, was aide-de
camp to her late majesty from Jan
uary, 1897, to his promotion to flag
rank in September, and was second in
command of the Mediterranean fleet
from January, 1900, till January last.
Lord Charles sat for Waterford from
1874 till 1880, for East Marylebone
from 1885 till 1889, and for York Citjr
from 1898 till 1900.
How the Zunls Malce Love.
The Zuni Indians are sentimental
in the extreme and marry at a youthful
age. When a youth is wooing a maid
en he will go and sit before her with
his back turned to her and untwine his
head cloth. She rejects him by steal
ing softly way or accepts him by
runing her hands carelessly through
his loosened locks-
BREAKS THE RECORD
Coming Croesus of America Is Jusi
Two Years of Age.
Within That Short Time Baby Lamft
Has.Realised a Fortune of Nearly
a Million Dollars In His
He is a record breaker—this young
man. Starting life literally without
a rag to his back, young Fritoff Vladi
mar Lampe has within two short years
realized a fortune of nearly a million
of dollars in his own right—an achieve
ment which many men of more mature
years have striven all their lives to at
tain. True, it has taken the young
man in question his whole life to ac
quire this wealth, but as he celebrated
his second birthday only the other day
it is thus easily seen that he is the
most precocious financier up to date.
Just two years ago, says the New
York Herald, young Fritoff Vladimar
Lampe—whose age at the time was a
matter of no consequence at all, being
figured in weeks—was the hero of the
first christening party ever given in
the Klondike. The immediate seat of
the festivities was Anvil creek, but far
and near all through the Klondike re
gon the event was considered one of
much importance and interest. From
camp to camp the word spread like
wildfire that a genuine, orthodos
christening was to be held at Discov
ery claim and the invitations were al
immediately and joyfully accepted.
From Cape Nome traveled the pros
pective godmother, Miss Margaret Mc
Kinney, daughter of Maj. John Mclvin
ney, of Seattle, one of the earliest and
most successful pioneers in the Cape
Nome gold fields.. Miss McKinney, now
prima donna of a comic opera company,
is herself an extensive traveler in the
far northwest, being one of the first
women to cross Behring strait and sea.
The godfathers—for this farseeing
baby, young Lampe, wisely concluded
that he could not have too much of a
good thing and so chose a plurality of
FRITOFF VLADIMAR LAMPE.
(Just Two Years of Age and a Millionaire
In His Own Right.)
masculine support, considering, per
haps, that it would take three godfa
thers to equal one godmother of Miss
McKinney's attractiveness—were three
miners, the now famous trio who dis
covered gold on the Anvil and who or
ganized the Pioneer Mining company—
Messrs. Lindeburg, Lindebloom and
The day chosen for the christening
was Sunday. It dawned radiantly
cloudless—a typical Alaskan summer's
day. The little settlement where the
great event was to transpire awoke to
the realization that it was a day of
special import to the colony and that
it must be up and doing in order to re
ceive the expected guests.
In recalling the experiences of that
eventful day Miss McKinney says:
"As the benediction was pronounced
this young man looked up, his blue eyes
full of baby wonder, his mouth
wreathed in baby smiles, and softly
eooed what seemed to us to be an
•Amen,' or, at least, signified his au
gust babyship's approval of thei cere
monies and appreciation of the honor
of being the first child ever christened
on Anvil creek."
Among the many gifts received by
Master Lampe on this auspicious oc
casion were three staked claims in the
Klondike, given by the three godfa
thers. These claims were considered
nice little presents, the value of which
was problematical. A pleasant feature
of the gifts was the wide fields of
speculation which they afforded. Per
haps they were not worth the paper
on which the deeds were written—per
haps they represented a gold mine!
Other presents afforded apparentlj'
just as much chance of surprising
The unexpected happened! Within a
short, time these little claims "made
good," developing first good returns,
then great, and now have yielded con
siderably more than $700,000, all- of
which belongs solely and indisputably
to Baby Lampe.
Almost a millionaire at the age of
two years, in Master Fritoff Vladimar
Lampe who knows but that we behold
the coming Croesus of America!
When the claims yielded such rich
harvest, the parents of Baby Lampe
did not forget his godmother, Miss
Margaret McKinticy, but ordered made
for her a necklace and pair of bangles
composed of little gold nuggets taken
from Baby Lampe's mines.
Dull Market for Horses.
A Missouri horse dealer who went to
Washington to sell horses is reported
to have explained his ill-luck of dis
posing of his animals as follows: "The
people travel there on cars run by cable
or electricity and don't need draft or
roadsters they ride on bicycles and
automobiles and don't need fast trot
ters they gamble by wire and don't
need race horses, and the government
Is run entirely by jackasses, so there
REWARDS OF PUBLIC
Carter H. Harrison, Mayor ef Chleagt|
Discusses the Subject lm
From the financial standpoint
doesn't pay to be famous or succeed
in politics, provided a man is in poli-
tics to be honest. If he goes into poH-4li|l||g„
tics to make money, I presume it can .•#»**
be made to pay. But there is some
thing more than money in the con
sciousness of having served the peo
ple-faithfully and of a public difty
well performed. There is something
in being elected to and holding a pub
lic office that makes a man feel he is
somebody and that he has done some-"
thing that will not permit him to be
forgotten. It tickles his vanity.
CARTER H. HARRISON.
(Now Filling' His Second Term as Mayor
of the City at Chicago.)
Sometimes a cloud comes over the sky
he feels that his efforts to serve the
public have not been appreciated, and
he wants to give up the office and quit v,
public life forever. Then as another
election approaches the sun comes
out, the sky is flooded with light, and
he feels that he has not labored in
yain. There is also a pleasurable ex
citement in winning a victory in a bat-
tie at the polls. It exhilarates a man
and pours a flattering unction on his
If I had performed the same serv
ices that I have for Chicago for some
corporation similar in size and ex
tent they would be worth $35,000 to
$40,000 a year. The worry and work
would be no greater and the responsi
bility less. Men like Corporation
Counsel Walker, Comptroller MeGann
and Commissioner Blocki perform.
services worth four times as much as
they are paid. Large corporations pay
larger salaries than public officials are
paid, but the personal gratification in
holding a public office is worth more?
than money to a man who loves the'
plaudits of an appreciative public. -i
Minnesota Prelate May Succeed to the
Lite Mar. Corrltfau'o See and De^^Mtnt^'
come a Cardinal.
Archbishop John Ireland, of St. Paul,
whose name is prominently men-"*
tioned in Home as a candidate for the
archbishopric of the vacant see of New
York, has long been discussed as a
probable cardinal, to which his trans
fer to Archbishop Corrigan's seat
would be a natural step. The distin
guished prelate of St. Paul is 64 years ,f:
old. He was born in Ireland and came
to America in his boyhpod, going at
(Possible Candidate for the Vacant See OK
once to St. Paul, where he was educat
ed at the cathedral school. He stud
ied theology in France, was ordained
priest on December 21, 1861,
crated a bishop in 1875, and became
archbishop a few years subsequent-^ /*''mR
ly. Mgr. Ireland is a broad-gau^e, lib
eral, cultured and distinctly modern
churchman, who has friends in eWry/
American city. His transfer east»
would please many persons in and near\v «s^j
Wealth Left to Rooster.
A wealthy woman, named Silva, re
cently died at Lisbon and left her en
tire property to a rooster. She was a
fervid spiritualist, a believer in the^
transmigration of souls, and imagined
that the soul of her dead husband had
entered the rooster. She caused a spe
cial fowl house to be built and ordered
her servants to pay extra attention to
their "master's" wants. The disgust
of her realtives over the will caused
the story to become public, and a law
suit might have followed had not one 1$! "V*
of the heirs adopted the simple expedi- *.}'
of having the wealthy rooster ..
killed, thus becoming himself next of
Why They Oppose Polysemy.
General gloom prevails among the
subjects of Morocco's sultan when
he decides to marry, as everybody
is expected to contribute a wedding
Wood Made from Pulp.
Artificial wood made from pulp ie
coming into use. By' this patented
process excellent Imitations of oak,
mahogany and rosewood are