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months have now elapsed since
Peter Karageorgevitch ascended
the. throne as Peter I. Only
a short time ago he was a democrat—
indeed, almost a socialist—by convic
tipn. To-day the "Red Peter" has been
transformed into a sovereign, a repre
sentative of the monarchical* princi
But Peter Karageorgevitch is a man
who knows how to occupy a throne,
knows how to reign even in an exem
plary manner, without sacrificing too
much of his former convictions knd prin
ciples. Indeed, King Peter and the "Red
Pfter" seem to have found a happy
modus vivendi on the throne of Servia.
|His majesty is one of those monarchs
of whom the French say: "They reign,
but they do not govern." He is a very
prudent man, and shows a lively inter
est in almost. every branch of the ad
ministration of his little state.
He demands the minutest information
atyout every single action of his minis
ters, but permts them to act freely and
KING PETER Ofr SERVIA.
CA Short Time Ago He Was a Socialist,
Now Is a Monarch.)
untrammeled, and never tries to exer
cise any influence upon their doings.
He presides at every ministerial confer
ence, takes part in the debates, and ex
presses his opinion without reserve, but
leaves it entirely to the responsible min
isters to decide on questions of ordinary
Unlike his predecessors, he refrains
entirely from expressing any wish re
garding appointments or dismissals, an
unheardof innovation in the Balkans.
All letters addressed to the king by
persons seeking employment in public
offices are invariably handed over to the
respective chiefs of departments, with
out so much as a suggestion from his
majesty. Letters of this nature even
from the king's own relatives fare no
The private life of Peter I. has hardly
undergone any change since his acces
sion to the throne. The king lives to
day as simple and democratic a life as
did the exiled Karageorgevitch at
Geneva. He observes court etiquette
THE NATION'S FINANCES.
Representative Hemenway Knot?*
All About Them and Will
Keep an Eye on Them.
A recent magazine writer said that
If he should want to prove conclusive
ly that the chances of a bright Amer
ican boy are without limit, he would
JAMES A. HEMENXV AT.
(Indiana Congressman Slated for Impor
tant Legislative Chairmanship.)
cite the experience of Hon. James A.
Hemenway, of Boonville, Ind., one of
the most distinguished members of
the national house of representatives,
•who began life 43 years ago as a
newsboy in Boonville, Ind., was for
years a worker in a tobacco factory
at modest wages, and now is slated
for the important position of chair
man of the house appropriations com
mittee. Washington authorities agree
that in knowledge of the government's
expenditures he ranks next to Con
gressman Cannon and Senator Alli
son, and while Speaker-to-be Cannon
was chairman of the appropriations
committee Hemenway was his right
Cheerful Birthday Present.
When Chinese parents arrive at about
the age of 55 their affectionate sons and
daughters club together and give them
sach a coffin, and wish them many hap
py returns of the day. When death
omes these receptacles are used for the
purpose for which they wet 3 intended.
Coffins are to be seen in many houses in
China, some of thein being utilized as
Peter, Democrat and Socialist,
on the Royal Throne of Servia
Transformed from Radical of the Red Type to a Very
Respectable Representative of Monarchical Principles—His
Private Life, Howeverf Has Undergone No Change»
so long as it does not conflict with his
He rises every morning at five o'clock
and takes a drive around the neighbor
hood of Belgrade, accompanied only by
one aide-de-camp. At seven he returns
and is shaved at eight he begins his
daily work. Firfet of all he receives his
private secretary, who has to submit
to the king his letters and other mail
matter. Next the police prefect of Bel
grade makes his report to his majesty.
That official has to inform the king of
all occurrences of importance or inter
est within the limits of the city of Bel
Next the first aide-de-camp, who at
present also acts as court marshal, and
finally the chief of the royal household,
are received. The latter has to submit
a daily account of all the money expend
ed on account of the civil list. The king
checks every item most minutely. At
his suggestion bookkeeping by double
entry has been introduced in the royal
At ten o'clock the king is generally
visited by his lifelong friend, Col. Mar
quis de Rose, with whom he dis
cusses private affairs. The marquis,
who is at present the king's guest, was
his schoolmate and his comrade in war.
Since the colonel retired from the
French service, six years ago, he has
been almost constantly with Peter Kara
After this visit the king receives his
ministers and other persons who have
requested an audience, or he reads the
newspapers—nearly all of those pub
lished in the Servian language and some
German and French journals.
At 12:30 lunch is served for the king,
a meal in which Marquis de Rose and
two of the officers of the household par
ticipate. The meal is a most simple
affair, and consists mainly of Servian
and French dishes. The king drinks
nothing but mineral water, on account
of an old internal malady, which, how
ever, is now gradually disappearing. At
one o'clock the king retires to his pri
vate rooms, where he remains until
three, when he again receives his pri
vate secretary and disposes of his cor
Before dinner his majesty sometimes
takes another drive around the city. Din
ner is served at seven, and seldom oc
cupies more than one hour. After that
the king is usually occupied with litera
ture. He reads mostly books on mili
tary or financial subjects. In indus
trial matters, too, he shows a lively in
terest, and does his best to induce for
eign capitalists to invest money in Ser
via. He has no particular leaning
toward any sport except shooting, in
which he is quite an expert.
Peter I. is generally regarded as a
good-natured and energetic man of
strong ruling capacity and admirable
tenacity. It will readily be seen that
he combines all the essential qualities
of a good monarch but his people are
not what he could wish them to be, and
they will yet provide him with many a
difficult problem to solve.
HON.- EDWIN WARFIELD.
Democratic Nominee for Governor ol
Maryland Has Held Many
Edwin Warfield, of Baltimore, who
was nominated by the democrats of
Maryland for governor of the state,
is president of the Fidelity and De
posit company of Maryland, a pioneer in
the business of bonding those holding
positions of trust. Mr. Warfield was
born May 7, 1848, in Howard county,
Md., of revolutionary stock. At the
age of 18 he began teaching school and
at the same time studied law. In 1874
he was appointed registrar of wills in
his native county and served six
years, when he was elected to the state
senate from Howard county to suc
ceed Arthur P. Gorman, who had been
elected a member of the United States
senate. He was reelected in 1883 and
in 1886 was made president of the sen
In the spring of 1886 after the ad-
HON. EDWIN WARFIELD.
(Nominated for Governor By t&e Demo
crats of Maryland.)
journment of the legislature Mr. War*
field was appointed by President
Cleveland surveyor of the port ol
Baltimore. Mr. Warfield was a dele
gate to the democratic national con
vention of 1388, has served as a d.
rector of the Maryland penitential
and other state institutions and is a
member of the boards of several finan
cial institutions. He has served as
president of the Society of the Son*
of the American Revolution and re
cently declined a reelection.
TWO MINUTE HORSE.
To Produce It Cost Mr. Billings a
Chicago Man's Love for Harness
Horses Led to Los Dillon's Rec
ord* Breaking Feat—An Am
ateur Like Bonner.
To reach the ideal speed in a trotting
horse C. K. G. Billings, of Chicago, has
spent more than
minute trotter became a fact only after
years of experiment and a lavish ex
penditure which is without parallel in
the world of harness-horse sport. It
required a fortune to bring out the mare
that could reduce the mark for a mile
to the figure that had .been dreamed
of for a quarter of a century. .It de
manded a new Robert Bonner, whose
love for horses was above the prospects
Mr. Billings inherited from his father,
A. M. Billings, not only a love for har
ness horses, but means to gratify it He
did not set about to produce a horse that
could cover a mile in exactly two min
utes, but he aimed at the acme of speed.
In all of his purchases Mr. Billings has
sought to get the horse that could show
its heels to others in amateur contests.
Possibly Mr. Biilings dreamed of the
two-minute trotter, but if he did he never
told it to his friends. He was content to
beat his rivals on the speedway and in
contests for amateur cups. He spent his
money freely to win amateur races, but
the professional game of racing has al
ways been conducted without his direct
When he began to buy horses Mr. Bil
lings did not rush into the market and
offer himself as an angel to some of the
shrewd dealers. He called expert horse
men to his side, asked their views on all
matters, and finally commissioned them
to act for him. He spent his money, but
he employed good judges of horses to
Although he has bought scores of
horses, Mr. Billings has probably owned
a less number of failures than any other
man who ever dabbled, as he has. in the
C. K. G. BILLINGS.
(Noted Amateur Horseman, Owner of Lou
Dillon, Two-Minute Trotter.)
light harness horse game. If he wanted
a horse and was rightly advised to buy
him, that horse became his property.
Money did not stand in the way of a pur
chase. All the time he was bidding for
the best the market had to offer. He
was not after horses with records estab
lished close to the coveted mark, but
sought those that gave the greatest prom
ise. He steadily refused to race his
horses for money or to patronize the
betting ring. He could afford to do it,
and with Mr. Billings back of it, amateur
racing became in some respects as promi
nent as the professional features of the
Mr. Billings did things handsomely.
He already owned fast horses that had
won honor on the New York speedway,
but he secured Bumps, who outfooted all
rivals to a wagon. He bought Lucille
and Little Boy and established more
wagon records. He conceived the idea
that Memphis was an ideal spot for win
tering horses, and without the promise
of a single dollar in return he built a
track and stables at Memphis that cost
He constructed elegant private stables
at his summer home on Lake Geneva,
and put up a stable at the end of thr Nf
York speedway that cost him
All the time he wa? buyirg herpes for
their speed proper'!' nrd prorr^sirp
toward his owrrrc,fcio of tb? 2:00 hor»*.
The Chicaro Rrrord-Hcralr'.F-^s thrt
his greatest forMir* caire with hi=
purchase—tbsf of Lni Tillon st Cleve
land last sprirs-.
w?«- r^ifi'V rrsirpt
buying the irare. brt trov Hs f?rry.
That ended it. E. K. Frr—V-° who i«
exactly the onae!** rf BMllrps in
his horse deaMr re. wrtri* thr
but refused to offc r~or° th-sr
for her. Shp rs roV' *o fl'r. RilliTs.
Counting p'1 tV
tended Mr. BHinr?' v*Sth hrr
ness horses It I* rr--'-**r*ii*F»or?t!r-pr»
that he has sport S1T"A.W) in r-»tifrfrp
a desire to own f-*?? trrrs. TW* h?p
been no char^® for H-n to prr a return
on any invp®tir«irt pc! r^ror
that he bought for pleasure and not for
Probably tV 2-^ '-9*t*r wl? have
been reali7'(* !f Mr. Enirre brd rn' en
tered th* 'or tfp. trtrrM
not have crv0 '•n'ri'V-lv. ft w?e will
ingness *o irfr,",v
a love of to the
purchafo*' TMM"n and finally to her
Limit of Eqnlne l.lff.
A hone in a wild state lives to be!
from 36 to 40 years old: when domes
ticated he usually played o!it at tfco
age of 25. It Is thus seen that civiliza
tion does nor. contribute to the longev
ity of the animal.
Sew Placi- for Keyhole*.
A recently invented r.oor-ioc. has the
keyhole in the'knob of the Jeer, anil
there is uo other keyhole.
AN AMERICAN EMPRESS.
How Ao Bnghtcr Of a Missionary
Became the Wife of the
Baler of Korea.
While Japan and Russia both
threaten the political independence of
Korea, that country may be said to
have been already conquered commer
cially by the Americans, who have
been developing'it in true western
style for some years past. The ease
with which they have acquired many
valuable concessions is due in no
small measure to the fact that since
1896 one of their own countrywomen
has occupied the somewhat invidious
position -of empress of the Hermit
Emily Brova is the daughter of a
Presbyterian missionary from Wis
consin. resident in Korea since it was
NEW EMPRESS OF COREA.
(Before Her Marriage She Wat Plain
Miss Emily Brown.)
opened to foreigners, and for some
time she was lady in waiting to Em
press Mln, who was done to death so
mysteriously in 1895. Shortly after
the murder Emperor Y1 Hong raised
Emily Brown to the rank of bin. or
royal princess, and married her, and
in the following year, when a son was
bor: fhe was raised to imperial rank,
in accordance wim the dynastic laws
of Korea. The son of Yi Hong and
Emily Brown is not, however, crown
prince, there being a son by the late
empress born in 1874.
The courts, both in Peking and
Tokio, have shown the new empress
the highest honors, and she has so far
managed to hold her own, though her
path is beset by many dangers, and
only the other day she was saved from
the fate of her predecessor by the ar
rest of several Korean ministers and
high dignitaries who were suspecteJ
of being concerned in a plot against
HERMITAGE IS SAVED.
Nashville, Tenn., to Keep Old Andrew
Jackson Home as the Gen*
eral Knew It.
The old Hermitage, which witnessed
the life of one of the most picturesque
of the nation's chief executives, is safe.
The people of Nashville are breathing
a sigh of relief, for the home of Andrew
Jackson is in their possession, and the
spirits of the old times in wandering
through the mansion will find every
thing just as it was when they were
among the gay throngs that filled the
It was through the efforts of the La
dies' Hermitage association of Nash
ville, that the Hermitage has been re
stored to the condition in which it was
at the tme of the general's death. The
beautiful grounds with their velvet
lawns and big trees, the wide driveway,
along which Che coaches rolled to the
door of the mansion, are all unchanged
from the time when it was the home of
the president of the United States.
Tor nearly 50 years the state-has held
(The House Where Gen. Andrew Jackson
Made His Home.)
the house, a^d the people seemed con
tent to let it remain there until lately,
when they saw a great treasure trove of
Gen. Jackson's possessions slipping
through their fingers unless they be
The state's first object In buying the
house from Andrew Jacl son. Jr.. adopt
ed son of "Old Hickory." was to offer it
to the government for a branch of West
Point. The civil war brpke out before
the plan could b? consummated.
Col. Andrew Jackson, son of Andrew
Jackson, Jr.. gave the south his aid in
fighting for their freedom. After serv
ing in the confederate army he camp
back to the Hermitage and lived with
his mother until her death. By her will
he Inherited the household furniture,
mementoes and relics of his famous
Recently a rumor wasaCcatthat Cot.
Jackson was ahout to sell his heritage
to a New Englactfer.
Had a Wonderful Memory.
It Is said that Macaulay's memory w«s
so retentive that, after readirg a hook
once, he could
all the salient pninrs
of t\ and rec.li» maay lor.£ p&ssagvaof
PREPARING FOR WAR
German Soldiery Must Be Ready
for Conflict in Moment.
New Head of Enpcroi'i Wo* OMce
'Will Reform All Branches of
Service and Endeavor to
Correct All Abases.
Special interest attaches to the kais
er's new minister of war, Qen. Von
Einem-Rothmaler, for the reason that,
after Emperor William, it is he who will
be responsible for Germany's military
policy, should one of the several war
clouds burst which are now hovering
over Europe. Apart from the new min
ister of war's own striking personality,
the significant thing about his appoint
ment is the fresh evidence it conveya
of Emperor William's determination to
surround himself with young blood.
Gen. Karl Von Einem-Rothmaler is
the first man in the history of the Ger
man army to reach the war ministry
portfolio at 5 years of age. All his pred
ecessors have ~Jeen veteran solders,
and. the vast Teutonic army war ma
chine has been run on gray-haired lines.
During the last few years the kaiser has
shown a decided tendency to rejuvenate
every important administrative depart
ment of his government by putting in
comparatively young men—men of his
approximate age—as heads. Thus he
called the 45-year-old Baron Von Rhein
baben to be minister of finance in the
Prussian cabinet then Gen. Budde, 48
years old, to be minister of railways and
public works, and now 50-year-old Lieut.
Gen. Von Einem to be minister of war.
Germany's military organization for
many years has left little to be desired
from the standpoint of efficiency. Yet
the prediction is made that the "young
blood" which the kaiser has called into
the executive service of the army will so
manifest itself In the form of improve
ments and betterments all along the
line. Traditions are to give way to
modern ideas wherever opportunity of
Gen. Von Einem received official per-
Gen. Von Einem attracted Emperor
William's most earnest attention during
last year's stormy reichstag session,
when, as the spokesman of the war min
ister, Gen. Von Gcssler, he was called
on to defend
(Recently Called to
Office Portfolio by
mission to add "Von Rothmaler" to his
surname in honor of his father-in-law,
Gen. Von Rothmaler, a well-known in
fantry commander, who died in 1880.
The new war minister's career has been
distinguished by a series of unparal
leled, rapid promotion from one posi
tion to another. He made uncommon
progress In the cadet academies of both
Bernsberg and Berlin—such notable
progress, in fact, that, though not qual
ified by age to be an officer when the
war with France broke out in 1870, he
was taken and made at once an en
sign in the Second Hanoverian Uhlans.
In his first campaign his gallantry
gained him the iron cross, and since
then he has gone steadily up the ladder.
He married at 25—much earlier in life
than a German officer generally enters
the married state.
Government against the
constant ar.d vitriolic attacks by theso
c'al democrats. These implacable poli
t'cians are preparing to renew their at
tacks In the coming reichstag with even
greater bitterness. The government's
the army and the mil
itary budget will be fought tooth and
nail bv the "reds," while the scandalous
brutalities to private soldiers which
have come to 'light during the last
three months will give them still more
effective ammunition when they begin
to storm the government's citadel.
The kaiser saw the handwriting on the
wall, and when Gen. Von Gossler ten
iered his resignation a few weeks ago
Von Einem, the sturdy debater, became
the inevitable choice for his successor.
The new war minister, while known
in the army as a strict disciplinarian,
bears the reputation of-being a most
Rincly, humane officer and gentleman,
with special regard to the welfare of
the enlisted man. Many Germans look
to him with hope as the most likely man
in the army to bring about that com
munity of spirit between officer and man
—that mutual respect which is founded
on something else than contempt or
[ear—which is the one thing lacking to
make the kaiser's powerful legions the
ideal soldier organization of the world.
A Theory Worth Testing.
It Is asserted by the Washington
State Fish commission that fish can
be frozen solid and thawed back to
life, if not exposed to the sun or al
lowed to get more than 12 to 14 de
grees below the freezing point. Sal
mon from the Pacific coast can there
fore be frozen and transported to the
Atlantic coast, and resuscitated to full
life, under proper conditions. The re
sults of this test will be that live sal
mon, frozen in blocks of ice, may be
shipped to the Atlantic cosst market
Yoasg British Nobleman Who
LITTLE GORILLA BABY,
Koito Was Boaaht for |SOO»u tffl
Bo Reared In All BufMta ..
Like a Child.
America's queerest baby, for whoa
J. R. Wilson, of Portland, Ore., paid
$3,000, is a youngster of the gorilla
family, the only one of its tribe in the
United States. He looks like a little
old man,, though he is only eight
months old, and is devoting his time
to acquiring such infantile accom
plishments as drinking milk from a
cup and eating rice with a spoon.
"Koko" is the name of the baby
gorilla, and he haa come all the way
from the banks of the Congo river, ins
western Africa. S,
Mr. and Mrs. Wilson, who have an
uncommon fondness for pets, will give
their young protege the advantage of
KOKO AT HIS BEST.
(Young Gorilla WRo Will Be Reared Like
as much education as his intelligence
Young Koko is being strictly
brought up as to discipline and diet,
eating at regular intervals.
His favorite spot in the house is a
big upholstered armchair in the par
lor. From the trees of his tribe in
the old world to a parlor in the new
world is surely a transition to con
fuse any creature, but Koko seems to
be quite at his ease.
The young stranger from Africa Is
mi interesting object to callers. He
has an eiderdown "comforter," which
with much solemnity he draws about
him when he feels chilly. If too
warm he carefully lays it aside.
He is exceedingly fond of his mis
tress and follows her everywhere.
Although so new to the ways of
civilization, Koko feeds himself with
a spoon as handily as though -the
African Jungle had been supplied
with the same article.
He sits at table with Mr. and Mrs.
Wilson, and comports himsalf in a
reasonably genteel manner unless
something occurs to make him angry.
Then he flings his spoon away,
throws himself upon his back on the
floor, and kicks like a bad, bad child
of human species. And like a bad
child he is punished for his conduct.
DUKE OF ROXBURGHE.
Marry Miss Goelet Is Rich in
The announcement of the engage*
ment of the Duke of Roxburghe tc
Miss May Goelet, of New York, has set
London society talking of other
eligible dukes and men of title.
The duke of Roxburghe ta spoken of
as probably the most desirable hus
band in Great Britain, not only for hi9
70,000 acres of Scottish estates, but
for me fact that he is a great favorite
with royalty. The queen has always
shown him the greatest friendship.
DUKE OF ROXBURGHE.
(British Nobleman Who Will Marry Miss
May Goelet, the Heiress.)
and at her wis.i he is a frequent
guest on board the royal yacht
Floors castle, Kelso, the border seat
of the Roxburghe family, the present
duke of which is to marry Miss May
(Joelet, was built by St. John Van
burgh in rather plain style in 1718,
but in 1849 was transformed by Play
fair into one of the most magnificent
mansions of the Tudor style through'
out the country. The gardens and
grounds are laid out beautifully.
Queen Victoria was a frequent vis*
itor to Floors castle, which lies a
mile to the westward of the ancient
town of Kelso. In the grounds of the
castle the spot is still pointed out
where James II. of Scotland was
killed in 1460 by the bursting of a
cannon when he was besieging Rox
The district swarms with ballad
traditions. The old rastle of Rox
burghe was once a bulwark against
England, and still towers as one ol
the most beautiful landscapes in the
United Kingdom. But not a stone re
mains of the ancient town of Rox
burghe, which was a great place in the