Newspaper Page Text
& riiiY m. jtqatiii'V.
STATE OF MINNESOTA
Bureau of Labor.
The GOVERNMENT TEST
St.- Paul, No^ 18, 1M9.
This is to certify to the results of
a trial test as to the steaming qual
ities of Youghiogheny coal and Lig
nite briquettes made under a process
controlled by the Western Fuel &
Briquetting Co., of Williston, N. D.
Said test was made on Nov. 17,
1899, on the Northern Pacific Rail
road yard in St. Paul in the presence
of officials of this road, and the un
Steam pressure on starting test 45
Duration of test, 2 hours 30 minutes.
Coal consumed, 375 lb.
Water consumed 32 cu. ft. 1920 lb.
Waste water by injector, 106 lb.
Actual evaporation of water 1814 lb.
Ashes and clinkers 60 lb.
Average steam pressure during test
Steam pressure on starting 45 lb.
Duration of test 2 hours 30 minutes.
Briquette consumption 375 lb.
Water consumed 27 eu. ft. 1620 lb.
Waste water by injector 114 1-2 lb.
Actual evaporation of water 1505
Ashes (no clinkers) 44 1-2 lb.
Average steam pressure during test
Grate conditions favoring burning
of coal. Combustion by lignite bri
quettes perfect, and fire bright and
Per cent of ashes for lignite bri
quette firing would have been less if
test had been made upon close grate.
Washington, Jan. 18, 1904.
The bureau forwards herewith
copy of the report of the boards of
officers that conducted the trial of
coal briquettes at Newport, R. I., on
.Tan. 10, 1906.
The Bureau invites your attention
to the recommendation of the board
in regard to the size of briquettes and
is willing to entertain such proposi
tion as you may make for future trial
with briquettes of smaller size .than
those tried on the McKee.
Manney, Chief of Bureau of Equipm.
Naval Torpedio Station, Newport,
Rhode Island, Jan. 12, 1906.
1. In obedience to your order of
December 21 1905, to conduct tests
of the briquetted fuel on the U. S. T.
B. McKee, we have to submit the fol
lowing report relative to said tests:
2. The board selected a course
nine nautical miles in length, in Nar
ragansett Bay, extending from a point
300 yards west of Rose Island Light
up the bay in the middle of the deep
est channel, to a point 200 yards west
of black spar buoy off Popa Squash
Point. This course gave the deepest
water and lay in the axis of the tidal
current. In each case five round
trips were made, making tbe total
run exactly 90 miles.
3. The first trial was conducted on
January 3, 1906, on the McKee, using
her after boiler, which had been
thoroughly cleaned inside and out,
and filled with clean fresh water. On
this trial the fuel was coal taken from
the covered lighter at this station
and was carefully hand picked, noth
ing but the best lumps being used.
The coal proved to be of excellent
quality. Weather conditions excel
4. The second trial was conduct
ed on January 10, 1906, over the
same course and under the same
weather conditions as the first. The
comparative results are shown in the
Pocahontas, hand picked coal—
Distance run Naut. Mi. 90. Time in
running, 6 h. 55 m. Average speed.
Knots. 13.01. Fuel consumed,
pounds, 8558. Ashes obtained, pounds,
858. Per cent of ash, 10. Knots per
ton of fuel, 23.54. ...
Distance run Naut. Mi. 90. Time in
running, 8 h. 29 m. Average speed,
knots, 10 601. Fuel consumed,
pounds, 7340. Ashes obtained, pounds,
!ral «L V-Pre»ident?and![GenerallMa na ger, T. R. Blankenship
A new corporation, incorporated under the laws of the state of North
Dakota. Capital Stock
Hi share. Fully paid and non-assessable.
The object of our Company is to manufacture Briquetts. You certainly must realize by this time that the briquett is the coming fuel
of the nortwest. We have purchased some coal land along the railroad east of Williston, which is an ideal place for the location of briquet
ting plant. Beginning MONDAY, MAY 18th, we will offer for sale only 500 shares of stock at the ground floor price of
*. We are under no big expense of buying our machinery, as is the case with others. We have a boni-fide offer from an eastern capit
alist to put in a complete set of machinery ready for operation AT NQ EXPENSE TO US, except Ten Cents per ton royalty on all Briquetts
manufactured, with the privilege of buying the outfit if we so see fit.
Briqett plants scattered throughout the country, and WHY NOT JOIN THIS COMPANY and be on the ground floor. REMEMBER, we
will have THE STATE RIGHTS on,this machine
and can organize companies in as miitiy different places in the state as we see fit.
Get some stock at $1.50 per share. It is sure to advance in price shortly, so be in on the ground
floor. Boost your home propositions. In a short time it means thousands of dollars in improvements to
Williston and vicinitv. READ THE FOLLOWING, AND STUDY IT CAREFULLY.
1325. Per cent of ash, 18. Knots per
ton of fuel, 27.47.
It is to be hoped that the average
speed with Briquettes was below that
with coal, while the fuel endurance
was greater owing to the reduced
speed, but the board is of the opinion
that with proper shaking grates and
intelligent handling of the fires, that
about the same speed could be ob
tained as with average Pocahontas
coal. While on the other hand, it is
doubtful if enough briquettes could
be burned per square foot of grate
surface to obtadn the highest speeds
under maximum forced draft in tor
pedo boatsbnaThe average during both
runs was ^alegrees air pressure, with
the same JMditions as regards tem
peratur^d^Kd water, etc.
5. TheWld has arrived at the fol
a. The briquettes are practically
smokless, except when actually fir
ing and then smoke slightly for only
two or three seconds and they give
out fewer and finer cinders than the
b. They do not break up or cake
but burn evenly from the outside.
c. The briquette is too large to
give the best results in steaming and
d. The ash is fine and there'is no
clinker worth mentioning.
e. The stowage is about the same
as bituminuous coal, in the small
bunkers of the Mckee.
f. There is no smoke when the
fuel Is thoroughly ignited.
g. There are no clinkers.
h. The fuel does not disintegrate
i. Some briquettes are not exposed
to the weather and will' be reported
j. There is not a sufficient supply
on hand to determine the tendency
to spontaneous combustion.
k. There is very little dust in
1. The percentage of ash is 18 per
cent as compared with 10 per cent of
coal. Both of these percentages are
larger because of the conditions of
a small fire room and the fact that
in both cases the fires were thorough
ly cleaned just before the end of the
A briquette soaked in water for 24
hours absorbed only eight ounces of
6. The board recommends as fol
a. That a considerable quantity of
this fuel b'e tried in the form of
Williston, North Dakota
shares at par value of $
It is a matter of a very short time now until there will be other
briquettes not to exceed two pounds
in weight and that the trial be made
on a large ship where it is thought
satisfactorily results can be obtained.
b. While there i6 .no clinker there
is a fine ash and the board believes
that if shaking grates be used they
will give better results than those
of ordinary type.
7. Photographs were taken at inter
vals showing the maximum and min
imum conditions when feeding the
'X „r -i it
Washington, April 20.—In testing
the fuels being used by the govern
ment, the United States geological
survey has succeeded in developing
the briquetted form of coal to such an
extent that it promises to be an im
portant factor in conserving the rap
idly diminishing fuel supply of the
There is every promise that the
mountains of waste coal seen about
every coal mine and the low-grade
coal that is now being left in the
mines will be turned into millions of
horsepower and for domestic heating
and locomotive use thruout the coun
try. Tests that have been made for
more than two years by the govern
ment indicate that a fuel made from
slack or waste coal, pressed into
briquettes not only burns with little
smoke, but also evaporates more
steam and produce more power under
the same boilers than does the same
amount of coal. These briquets
are made by taking the waste or slack
coal and mixing it with sufficient
pitch so that the coal will hold to
gether, the whole being pressed into
blocks or cakes by machinery.
Better Than Lump Coal
Briquets made from good quality
slack coal have on every occasion
shown their superiority over the
same grade of lump coal. This dif
ference is so great, it is said, that
vessels burning briquets instead of
coal will be able to add from one to
two knots an hour to their usual
speed. What this would mean to
one of the Atlantic racers is easily
During the last six months, two
& W $
Secy-Tl-ea»urer, H. V. Smitk^
:J l4 »-iVl
fires and normal conditions of steam
ing on each photograph is given
brief of the conditions under which it
L. S. Van Duzer, Lt. Comdr. U. S.N.
J. V. Chase, Lt. Comdr., U. S. N.
H. I. Come, Lieut., U. S. N.
The Inspector of Ordinance in
Charge, Naval Torpedo Station, New
port, R. I. .»
itcif. li Anw t. -fflti. S'U i'.A
prominent railroads of the south have
made trial runs while burning briq
uets. The Atlantic Coast Line rail
road, after giving the new fuel a
thoro trial on several runs between
Rocky Mount and Wilmington, N. G.,
reported that the briquets were a
success. The official report of the
railroad states that 172,700 pounds
of coal were consumed in making
10,912 car miles against 161,980
pounds of briquets in making 12,896
car miles. The engine that used coal
made up 231 minutes lost time and
the engine on which the briquets
were tried made up 292 minutes. In
other words, with 10,720 pounds less
of briquets than coal, 984 more oar
miles were covered and 61 more min
utes of lost time were made up. This
is an apparent economy of 20 per
cent, without taking into considera
tion the cost of the briquets.
Burns up Entirely.
In describing the results of the
tests the road foreman reported:
"This coal burns up entirely leaving
no dirty fire at the end of each trip,
saving thirty minutes time in clean
ing the engine. The briquets do
away with all black smoke while
using steam and there is but little
smoke when the steam is turned off.
This fuel does away with the stopping
up of the flues and produces uniform
Officials of the Chesapeake & Ohio
Railway company made the following
report on the use of briquets: "The
briquets ignite very freely, making an
intensely hot fire. When the engine
is working there is very little smoke.
A heavy fire may be carried, as
there is no danger of clinkering. Very
little ashes are left."