Newspaper Page Text
Thursday, August 9, 1917.
Graphic Rcadm By G. E. Conkey POULTRY SHOULD BE CHEAP Surplus of Nutritious Food Available if Retailers Take Small Profits A present congestion in the frozen poultry market, shown' by figures of the United States Department of Ag riculture, can be relieved if the re tail dealers will handle the goods at a reasonable advance over wholesale prices. This action would make poul try available at prices comparing fa vorably with other meats according to the findings of a conference re cently held between wholesale poul try distributors and officials of the Department of Agriculture. Both parties to the conference say that more poultry should be eaten when the facts are understood by the con sumer, and an increased use of poul try now, in the opinion of the de partment, will tend to conserve other meats which are of more importance to Americans and their allies in Eur ope. The retailers, as well as whole salers, it is pointed out, should aid in relieving the congestion. Broilers Plentiful and Less Expensive Broiling chickens are especially abundant and those of prime quality sold in June on the wholesale mar ket in New York at an average price of 22 cents a pound. A year before the average price was 27 cents dur ing the same month. There are un usually heavy holdings of dressed poultry in cold storage. Unless these stocks are moved quickly, farmers who have increased this year's flocks in response to a patriotic appeal will not have normal marketing condi tions when their surplus comes on the market. The parties to the conference agreed that the storage supplies of poultry in the summer of 1916 were unusual ly low because of small original hold ings and large export demands. This resulted in unusually high prices to producers during the fall and winter of 1916. The supply was unexpect edly heavy and large stocks were stored at high costs. Then export demands fell off, the wave of economy affected the home demand, and the storage stocks moved slowly. The net result, according to the department, is that almost everybody ought to en joy chicken dinners now at decidedly reduced prices and without a feeling that they are using up needed meat supplies. In short, it is said to de pend on the retailers whether cheap er chickens will -be available. WHEN HENS GET BROODY When a bunch of fluffy little young sters pick their way through the shells it's reassuring to the poultry man to know the mother hen is ready to watch and guard them. But when the regular hatching season is over, or where the chicks are raised arti-|feed fically, these broody "clucks" beocme a positive nuisance, and spell also a considerable loss in egg production. Just as with other poultry prob lems there is a solution to this one of the broody hen and no poultry rais er may consider himself at all up to-date if he permits setters to crowd the laying nests during most of the summer. With the approach of warm weath er you will find the number of cluck ing hens increasing and the condition will even extend to the so-called "noi setting" varieties. Even Leghorns of good stock show a tendency to be come broody but naturally the birds of the heavier breeds will give you the most trouble. Naturally too, FALL FORAGE FOR THE HOGS With Plenty of Pasture Pigs Will Make Continuous and Profitable Growth Fall hog pastures include succulent crops as well as grain crops to pre pare the pig for the short, heavy grain fed later in the season to finish for market. Sorghum and Rape These two plants will furnish a limited amount of green feed from summer until late in fall if given an occasional period during which to recuperate, and not pastured too heavily. They furnish succulence to keep the digestive tract in good con dition, and nutriment to grow bone and muscle. Velvet Beans This crop is coming into promin ence in the far south as it produces an abundance of protein food at a relatively low cost. Sow in drills af ter corn planting time with some supporting crop such as sorghum or corn, and cultivate until the beans begin to vine. If pastured in Octo ber after the beans are mature, pigs should gain from 1 to 1 1-2 pounds per head per day. CARE of POULTRY Farm and Home these latter are the more persistent sitters, and as these will at times represent a considerable percentage of the flock, it is apparent that the problem of properly handling them is quite important. There is no excuse for mistreat ment of broody hens just because they chance to become a real nuisance because of broodiness.- 'The knowing poultry keeper has profited by the experience in all other lines of life and knows that abuse is a thing of the past, and ancient methods such as ducking the offenders in cold wa ter, tieing them to a stake, starving them and frightening them in differ ent ways have been abandoned and given way to methods that are not only more humane but that actually accomplish their purpose better. Curing the Broody Hens The first step in breaking up broodiness is to remove the hen to strange quarters. Where this is done sufficiently early sometimes this alone will affect a cure. Today many modern poultry houses have a broody coop as a part of the interior fixtures and this is advisable where the busi ness is carried on on a large scale be cause it saves a great deal of time in not having to remove the birds from the building. In the house a broody coop is usually built on the end of the droppings-board platform, although it may be placed at any out of-the-way place along the side wall. An outside coop or cage made of wir ing netting or lath will answer the purpose and if this cannot be placed in the /shade there should be a roof of some kind provided. The principal requisite of this special coop is that the floor shall be slatted as this leaves no chance for a nest. In a house these slats will serve as a false bottom to the coop while out side the slat floor is raised a few inches from the ground. I Placing a number of broody hens in a pen with a vigorous male, is another effective means of handling. for a good male will keep the hens moving with no chance to sit. Do not put much litter on the floor and do not place any nest in this pen. The hens will be cured of their broodiness and can be returned to their laying pen in a few days. The most important thing in break ing up broodiness, regardless of the method employed, is in taking the offenders in hand early otherwise the disposition to sit becomes deep seat ed and is more difficult to deal with. If you find a hen sticking to the nest for the greater part of the day or find her on the nest at roosting time, displaying the usual symptoms of broodiness,' start breaking her up at once. Failure to give this prompt attention will mean many dollars lost to you. Broody hens are one of the leaks through which poultry profits are lost but this can be stopped easily. Feeding Do not starve a broody hen, it will gain you nothing. On the contrary, her liberally on a well balanced laying ration and it is advisable to make this more stimulating than the one ordinarily given. Meat in some form should be fed freely at this time. Feeding of this nature will stimu late the egg organs to action and the result will be a minimum loss of time due to broodiness. Keep close watch of your flock and you will probably find that there are certain individuals that will lay just a few eggs and then become broody, keeping this up through almost the entire summer months. Weed these individuals out, for such poor layers and chronic sitters will breed the?r faults into their off-spring and you will be perpetuating a fault that will constantly keep your profits down. Peanuts Where the season is favorable for their growth, peanuts are one of the best fall forages for pigs. The only '"oft of the crop is for seed and cul- ti oration as the pigs do their own har-! vesting. The Spanish variety is best! for this purpose and should be plant ed four months before danger of frost at the rate of 12 to 16 pounds of shell ed nuts per acre. The pigs may be turned on the pasture as soon as the nuts are well formed, in which case they eat some of the foriage as well as the nuts. Peanut pasture will fur nish grazing for about two months and with a small amount of corn to prevent the pork from becoming soft, will make grains of over a pound per head each day. Cowpeas and Soy Beans Plant cowpeas in July for fall -rra-ing Sow in rows at the rate of 3 to 4 pecks per acre. This rrive^ opportunity to cultivate and prevents trampling1 of the plants bv the rlies. Cowpeas should be grazed as soon as the first pods formed contain neas in the dough stage, as there is no uni formity in the ripening of the Much of the food value is in the leaves. When cowpea pasture is sup plemented with a small amount of corn to balance the ration the rate of gain is approximately one pound per head each day. Plant soy beans shortly after corn planting time to pasture in from 90 1 to 120 days, depending upon the va riety. The culture is similar to that for cowpeas. Soy beans should be more mature than cowpeas when pas tured, keeping the hogs off until the lower leaves turn yellow and drop off and the beans become firm. Soy beans produce more grain per acre than cowpeas and fatten pigs more rapidly and with less corn supple ment. GET MORE POTATOES Possible to Increase Yield by Spray* ing Against Late Blight and Beetles This year no grower in the North ern States should overlook the chance to increase the potato crop by spraying, which is good insurance against a short crop. Every year the potato yield is reduced by prevent able diseases and insect pests yet it may be increased, as shown by the fact that sprayed potato crops in Ver mont, for example, have produced on the average 105 more bushels to the acre than unsprayed crops over a period of 21 years. Get Insects and Diseases Too Bordeaux mixture with lead arsen ate added will prevent late blight and get the potato bug, or Colorado beetle, also. The mixture should be applied every two weeks, though the interval may be longer if the weather is dry and no insects are present. With the approach of the late-blight season, after the middle of July, a thorough protective spraying should be given. Cool, wet weather means trouble, according to the United Stat es Department of Agriculture. Con tinued showers and on average tem perature around 73 degrees call for sprays once a week, or even every five days. Kinds of Sprayers For home gardens, small hand sprayers will do. For the farm po tato patch, where from one-half acre to 3 acres are grown and where there are orchard trees or small fruits to be sprayed, a barrel spray pump is recommended. The hand pump is mounted on a 50-gallon barrel and car ried on a home-made two-wheel cart or in a farm wagon. If a cart is used, the nozzle may be fastened to the back to spray furrows, but to do good work with this, as with the lighter trac tion sprayers, it is necessary to go twice over the field, the second time coming back in the opposite direction. More thorough work can be done by hand spraying if the pump is fitted with one or two lines of 1-2 inch hose, 25 feet long, ending in a 4-foot gas pipe extension. This requires a man for each }ine and one to pump. Commercial growers should provide themselves with the most effective traction sprayer they can get. In W1LLIST0N GRAPHIC a Youthful in Action For All the Shooting Sports— There's nothing like the thrill of cutting down a fast bird of getting the clay that sails out at an unexpected angle of scoring a "possible** when the light is bad, and mirage makes the bull's-eye swim almost out of sight. As a sportsman, you are willing to take chances with natural conditions— but you want to be sure of your shooting equipment. 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Its short and direct power path—through the valve in-head cylinder and Unit power plant type of construction—propels the running gear with ease. The Chevrolet Four Ninety is not built in enormous quantities under great pressure. It is carefully constructed with anxious attention to refinement of detail. It compares in merits with cars in higher priced classes. Its various exclusive features are the basis of its excellent reputation. Monroe Brothers Phone 355 Williston, N. D, Factories: NEW YORK CITY TARRYTOWN-ON HUDSON FLINT, MICH ST. LOUIS, MO. OAKLAND, CAL. OSHAWA, CAN. FT. WORTH, TEXAS. these the pump is operated by a chain of from 120 to 150 pounds is needed. The cyclone or eddy-chamber type, of" or gear drive from the wheels. It A good nozzle is one of the most, which the Vermorel is an example, is pays to get the best, as a pressure important parts of a spray outfit.] (Continued on UMC Few sportsmen nowadays judge a day's sport merely by the size of the bag they bring home with them. Yet a man's object in shooting is to hit what he aims at. Pm Thr—