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,POULTRY The production of capon meat is 'ibccmne a leading1 feature in market xpoultry culture and the poultry rais •mr who fails to caponize the surplus saeles and so get the most out of fhan is following a short-sighted policy. Early in the spring the young cockerels can of course be sold gt a good profit as broilers but later ara -when these young birds are turn «d onto the market in great numbers tte price drops rapidly. It sometimes rifeappiens that the price of broilers •goes even below the actual cost of production. You can easily avoid a situation of this kind by caponizing and even though you may be a small producer it -will pay you to learn how to ^caponize in the event that you can not get someone else to do the work £br you. In some localities the market for capons is so good that the poultry -raisers make the production of capons. *. specialty or else feature that end rf the business. But even though the •price for capons be no greater than ibr ordinary fowls, it will neverthe ISess pay to caponize if you do not kill at the broiler age because capons are better in flesh, are larger in size and can be handled with a great deal more ease. f!?aponizing a fowl is not a delicate apiece of work requiring an expert. Art amateur with the proper tools and instructions should find tne job 31 very simple one. Effect of Saponizing For the few that may not under Tgfand, it may be well to explain here that a capon is an altered or cas trated male chicken, the result of the operation being to change the dis -position of the bird entirely. Indi viduals so treated show no inclina tions to fight, do not crow and be tome much more sluggish and quiet. When allowed to run with a general flock they do not cause any distur bance whatever. There is little to suggest a cockerel 'fa the appearance as the comb stops growing, making the head appear small, the bird in addition looking pale and sickly. In capons there is also an unusual development of the VSackle and saddle feathers. The dis tfiiirijve feathering and the unde seJoped appearance of the head are identifying marks and for this rea son in dressing the birds for market She head and also feathers in certain '.sections are not removed. iProfits From Caponizing In the first few months that follow caponizing, the capon does not grow much more rapidly than the cockerel Itat after that time the peaceful dis position of the capon allows the bird ,~f» make a more uniform development and this means increased poundage. Poundage of course is the most im portant factor in the production of Doajltry profits. only does the capon weigh -more but it brings a higher price per pound, almost double that of ordin ary poultry in some localities. There is a considerable variation in the de mand for capons in different markets and in general the demand for these Jbirds is greatest in the eastern states. Care of Capons "You can house capons more cheap ly than laying stcok and they also stand more crowding. This fact has 'been demonstrated. This is an impor tant feature in a plant where room. "& not over plentiful. As for feed a good growing mixture will answer all requirements, nothing elaborate feeing needed. During the last few weeks when finishing off the birds wasse a good fattening ration. Large Breeds Best Large capons bring the best prices. The heavy and medium weight breed -are used almost entirely for this pur pose. Leghorns and the small breeds y,re sure to select those where the -okr of the legs and skin will meet She demands of the market for which the birds are intended. Caponizing Age vCaponizing can be done at any atfa 1 Farm and Home but there is a time in the bird's de velopment when the operation can be performed with the best results. The medium weight breeds reach this stage when they weigh about two or three pounds and the heavier breeds when ,they reach the three or four pound stage. Do not delay the work too long because over development in the organs to be removed will make the operation both difficult and dan gerous. Oo not caponize after the birds are six months old. Spring hatched cockerels are right for caponizing in mid-summer and this will put them on the market at the time they will bring the best prices. A big capon requires. ten months time if it is to be finished off in the proper manner. The Caponizing Operation The operation itself is not a diffi cult matter and most anyone can per form it if they will study the different steps in the work and exerrise that care that is always demanded in mat ters of this kind. In the first place get a set of caponizing instruments. There are several styles of these on the market, their difference being al most entirely in the manner of re moving the testicles. TJie prices for the sets range for $2.00 to $5.00 and with good care a set will last a life time. Along with the set of instru ments you will receive a book of in structions describing the operation in detail telling how to hold the bird while the operation is being per formed, giving suggestions about care, preparation and precautions. A beginner should practice on dead bird. This will not effect the carcass which can be used on the table and at the same time it will allow you to make a careful study of the birds anatomy and give you confidence in your ability to perform the operation. Caponizing Losses A few birds are almost certain to be accidently killed in the operation but this loss seldom exceeds 5 per cent. At the same time birds that are killed in this way are not wasted since they are perfectly good for eat ing. The one thing to avoid is the pro duction of "slips" this being the re sult of partly removing the organs. Any piece left may grow to a consid erable size through natures effort to repair the loss. A "slip" is neither a cockerel nor a capon but between the two and you will not be able to get capon prices for it on the mar ket. Use every caution to guard against "slips" because evidence that the work was not satisfactory is not always apparent and you may goon committing these mistakes exten sively so that they effect a great many birds. INFORMATION DESIRED To Tree Growers in North Dakota: Our populars and cottonwoods are threatened by the presence in our state of a fungus disease known by its scientific name as cytospora chrysosperma. It may be readily recognized by its appearance on the trees. It looks like scattered patches of dark red wax lying in the cracks in the bark. We are anxious to learn to'just what extent it is prevalent in the state, and would like to hear from all tree growers finding this fungus on their trees. If in doubt, send in & sample piece of infected bark. Please inform me how many of your trees were killed by this last year, and how many more are still infect ed. Prompt action in this matter may make it possible to save many of our trees. Fred W. Smith, State Forester, Bottineau, N. Dak. TO PREVENT HOG CHOLERA When hog cholera breaks out in the neighborhood the following pre ventive measures can be taken. Keep the hogs indoors, or in isolated en closures, allow no one but the feeder to come near them and disinfect their quarters. If swill is fed it must be YOUR COAL !a We are now in position to deliver any kind of coal at once. Fill your bins now before the rush. Williston Coal and Ice Co, PHONE 310 OFFICE 219 FIRST AVE. EAST boiled or steamed first. The hogs can be given immunity for four weeks against hog cholera by injecting pro tective hog cholera serum. If the disease is in the herd at th etime of treating, or should appear during the period of immunity, the period of im munity will be considerably lengthen ed, in some cases for Ufa/ When hog cholera gets into the herd the best thing to do is to inject the hogs at once with serum. The N. D. State Serum Institute, Agricultural Col lege, N. D., is supplying tested serum at a cost of sixty (60) cents per 100 c. c. in bottles containing 120, 2l0 and 500 c. c. This serum tan be or dered by telegraph an dwill be sent C. O. D. by express or parcels post. No serum can be returned. The dose for a 100 pound pig is forty (40) c. c. and more or less as the hog is larger or smaller. Contagious abortion does much damage in #ome herds. It has been found that infected cows lo not con tinue to abort. When it-first breaks out in the herd a considerable num ber usually throw their calves. Dur ing the second year the abortions will be less and the third year the cases will be few. In this way the disease disappears automatically provided that no new susceptible animals are added to the herd. Disposing of the cows that have aborted and buying new ones usually results in.prolong ing the disease in the herd. The con tagious abortion germs are often spread by the bull, so great care need be exercised in purchasing a sire to make sure that he is free from the contagion and also not to allow him to serve cows that are affected.— Agr. Ext. Dept. N. D. Agr. College. COTTAGE CHEESE A MEAT SUBSTITUTE Cottage cheese is a'very nutritious food. A pound of it contains more protein than a pound, of meat. To make cottage cheese put sour milk in a pan and place in a pan of water 100 degrees.F. or that feels slightly warm to the hand. Leave 20 min utes stirring occasionally' then pour into a cheese cloth sack—hang up to drain 5 to 10 minutes. Work the curds' till fine in grain—salt and flavor to taste.—Agr. Ext. Dept. Agr. Col lege. CLOTHES MOTHS This is the time that clothes moths are at work. If woolen clothes or furs are hanging unprotected take them out and give them a good brush ing and beating every two to four weeks, hanging them in the sunshine is also good. Carpets that are in use are seldom attacked unless it be in corners not much disturbed by walk ing or sweeping.—Agr. Ext. Dept. N. D. Agr. College. NOTICE TO SCHOOL DIRECTORS AND TEACHERS The compulsory vaccination of school children will be required this year of all children before entering school. Section 425 of the compiled Laws of 1913 reads as follows: "Each parent or guardian having the care, custody or control of any minor or other person shall cause such minor or other person to be vaccinated." The State Board of Health under re cent ruling fixes the time by stipu lating that all children shall be vac cinated before being admitted to school. Sbhool directors and teachers are Ordered to enforce this regulation in their respective districts by requir ing every pupil to submit a certificate of vaccination to the teacher before admittance is granted to attend school. By order of the State Board of Health. William Langer, Attorney General, President. A. M. Call, M. D., Vice-President. C. J. McGurren, M. D., Secretary. When frying doughnuts or oysters In deep fat a pared potato dropped into The boiling grease will keep it from burning. The normal temperature of horses, men and tigers is about the sunic That of chickens is 111 degrees F- ami that of glowworms only 74. 1 MISSOURI BIPGB By a Staff }orr«aiori4t»nt Oscar Booke called at the Lindholm farhi Sunday atfernoon on business. Rev. Drewey of Springbrook preach ed a very interesting sermon at the school house Sunday morning. Mr. and Mrs. Orie Kauffman and family motored out from Williston Sunday evening and called at the A. C. Wagenman farm. Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Wagenman of Pherrin Township came over Sun day and spent the day with Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Wagenman and family. Mrs. S. M. Starrett and little son Sherman of Williston came out and visited last wefek with Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Blankenship returning home on Saturday. The second barn dance in the new barn at John Lindholm's Saturday night drew a large crowa and every body danced and enjoyed themselves until almost daylight. Friday near Ray where they had stopped for dinner, he did not know it was sick until he stopped and be fore he could get it unhitched and the harness off it was dead. Mr. and Mrs. John .Albrecht, and son Phillip, Miss Pearl Clark and Mr. and Mrs. Carl Stenson of Williston motored up to Bonetraill Sunday and spent the day with Mr. and Mrs. Otto Albracht. Mrs. Stutred and' her daughter Miss Jean of Williston came out Sunday and called on Mr. and Mrs. John Lindholm. Also U. L. Burdick was a caller at the Lindholm farm Sun day afternoon. All schools in Tande District will open Tuesday, September 4th. except the Missouri Ridge school which will open September 10th as Miss Center wall writes it will be more conven ient for her to postpone the opening one week. G. Imobbersteg who moved to his farm in Montrail county some two months ago which he had recently bought came back Saturday and will harvest his grain here and remain un til after thrashing before returning home. He had the misfortune to have one of his horses to die suddenly. Bart and H. C. Blankenship receiv ed word last week of the sad death of their cousin Brooks Lambert who re cently joined the aviator corps and was in training near Wheeling, West Virginia. The machine which he and his instructor was in fell about three hundred feet killing him instantly and probably fatally injuring his trainor. il •iMMiiiniiiniiinmi Harve Mitchell is digging a well for H. C. Blankenship. Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Harington pur chased a new Ford Saturday. $94.50 Kimball Phonograph Outfit Complete Style 90 phonograph, 12 selections music, 3 Jewel needles (diamond and sapphire), 200 metal needles, ample shelf ca pacity for records. W. W. KIMBALL CO. Established 1857 MARMON By a Staff Correspondent Hans Overland has a Ford cur. Mrs. John Burke visited with Mrs. Beastrom Saturday. Miss Laura Bestrom spent Sunday with Miss Hazel Green. Mrs. Silker* and daughter Theola visited with Mrs. Burke Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. Stine and son Wal ter drove to Brushwood Lake Sunday. Mrs. E. C. Smith of Zahl left Mon day for Michigan to visit with rela tives. Miss Agnes Mylen who has been visiting here for the past month left Wednesday. ja The Phonograph ^eb Natural Tone There are several styles of Kimball Phonographs at prices from $50.00 to $250.00. complete outfits explained below: $129.50 Kimball *Phonograph Outfit Complete Style 125 phonograph, 12 selections music, 3 Jewel needles (diamond and sapphire), 200 metal needles, albums for 72 records. The Jewel needless are furnished in a dainty Jewel case—-are used continuously thousands of times—: do not wear out and have to be renewed, hence there is not the annoyance of frequent buying. The diamond point and the sapphire ball are part of the Kimball equipment with every new phonograph. And remember, the Kimball guaranty absolutely protects protects the buyer. Convenient terms may be arranged. F. H. SMITH Corner Main and Broadway Williston, N. D. FORD THE UNIVERSAL CAR To Owners of Ford Cars The Ford Motor Company, of Detroit, appointed us authorized agents for Ford cars in this territory, to properly represent Ford interests, to give service to Ford owners. The Company in return defoands that we equip and maintain an adequate service station, employing competent Ford mechanics, using only genuine Ford* made inaterials and charging regular Ford prices. This is the service we are giving to Ford owners. Material— workmanship—prices, the standard of each guaranteed. When your Ford car needs attention, bring it to us, and get the benefit of expert Ford mechanics. We give you the assurance of genuine Ford service, with genuine Ford-made parts. Ford cars—Runabout $345 Touring Car $360 Couplet $505 Town Car $595! Sedan $645! all f. o. b. Detroit. WILLISTON MOTOR SALES CO. Phone 169 L. V. COULTER, Prep. THE Kimball Phonograph Plays All Records NO EXTRA ATTACHMENTS No change of tone arm, no extra reproducer is necessary. The Kimball Reproducer and Univer sal Tone Arm enable you to play every make of record, every size. The Kimball is complete in every essential. You have but to choose the rec ord made by any artist who has ever sung or play ed for the disc record—the tone will delight you, for this is Thursday, August 23, 1917. Mrs. Rowe left Tuesday for the East to spend a few weeks with friends and relatives. Mrs. Green is assisting Mrs. Wm. Van Alst of East Fork. Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Dullman are the proud parents of a baby girl. Miss Hazel Green attended the teachers examination at Williston. Mr. and Mrs. C. K. Averill, their daughter Eleanor and son Charles of Menomonic, Wis., are visiting at the home of. Mrs. Averill's sister Mrs. Wm. Van Alst at East Forks. The party made the trip with a uick ear in four days time. Subscribe for the Graphic. a ill- Note the three $164.50 Kimball Phonograph Outfit Complete Style 160 phonograph, 12 selections music, 3 Jewel needles (diamond and sapphire), ^200 metal needles, albums for 108 records. Manufacturers of Kimball Pianos •—Player Pianos—Pipe Organs— Reed Organs Phonographs Music Rolls.