Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIII, NO. 30.
Such a program, he said, removed chief provocations for war. "The moral climax of this, the cul minating and final war for human liberty has come," said the President, in ending his address, "and they (people of the United States) are ready to put their own strength, their own highest purpose, their own •integrity and devotion to the test." The message will be given in full .next week: WHY WE ARE FIGHTING If you don't know why we are flighting, Let the seas out there explain. 'There's a place in the Atlantic That will never lose its stain And a liner on the bottom "With a great hole in its gut Where the eels are mounting babies' Ibones. And nameless horrors glut. If you want to know why we are fighting, France witt point you to the west, Where "the bayonets of Germany Are hacking at her breast Where a thousand lovely villages I Are marked with blood and flame, I And the gentlest of her lassies, Soiled and broken, walk in shame, If you want to know why we are! fighting, Belgium has a tale to tell, How the Kaiser's "cultured" legions Came to do the work of hell. Let her hordes of homeless starvel ings, I Let maltreated children show Look upon her desolation, Ask her women—and you'll! know. Subscribe for the Graphic. *1 DEFINITELY SETS FORTH WHO AIMS OF THE UNITED STATES Evacuation of All Russian Territory and Freedom for Belgium, Serbia, Rumania, Montenegro and Turkish Provinces Demanded—Freedom of Seas and Disarmament Washington, Jan. 8—President Wil son today, addressing congress, de livered a restatement of war aims in agreement with the recent declara tion by the British premier, David Lloyd George. The President pre sented a definite program for world peace containing fourteen specific con siderations. The President presented the fol lowing as necessary elements of world peace: "1—Open covenants of peace with out private .international understand ings. "2—Absolute freedom of the seas iii peace or war except as they may be closed by international action. "3—Removal of al leconomic bar riers and establishment of equality of trade conditions among nations consenting to peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. "4—Guarantees for the reduction of national armaments to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. "5^— Impartial adjustment of all colonial claims based upon the prin ciple that the peoples concerned have equal weight with the interest of the government. "6—Evacuation of all Russian ter ritory and opportunity for Russia's political development. "7—Evacuation of Belgium without any attempt to limit her soverignty. "8—All French territory to be freed and restored, and reparation for the taking of Alsace-Lorraine. "9—-Readjustment of Italy's fron tiers along clearly recognizable lines of nationality. "10—Freest opportunity for auton omous development of the peoples of Austria-Hungary. "11—Evacuation of Rumania, Ser bia and Montenegro, with aceess to the sea for Serbia, and international guarantees of economic and political independence and territorial integrity of the Balkan states. "12—Secure soverignty for Tur key's portion of the Ottoman empire, but with other nationalities under Turkish rule assured security of life and opportunity for autonomous de velopment, with the Dardanelles per manently opened to all nations. "13—Establishment of an indepen dent Polish state, including territories inhabited by indisputably Polish pop ulations with free access to the sea and political and economic indepen dence and territorial integrity guaran teed by international covenant. "14—General association of nations under specific covenants for mutual guarantees of political independence art dterritorial integrity and small states alike. "For such arrangements and cove nants," said the President, in conclu sion, "we are willing to fight and continue to fight until they are achieved but only because we wish the right to prevail and desire a just and stable peace." TO CONTROL PRICE OF BINDER TWINE WILL BE EFFECTED THROUGH VOLUNTARY AGREEMENT WITH FACTORIES Washington, Jan. 7.—The food ad ministration has arranged to control during 1918 the supply of binder twine, so important to farmers, par ticularly those of the granger states. Reasonable prices—though not so low as former ones, are expected. This control will be effected thru voluntary agreements the binder twine malcers have made with the food administration which will cen tralize the buying and.eliminate com petition. Henry Wolfer, former war den of the Minnesota state peniten tiary where he built the largest bin der twine manufactory in the world, will have charge of the work in the food administration. An official announcement today says the food administration's ar rangements will stabilize prices, pre vent undue advances, eliminate waste, speculation and hoarding and give the product to the ultimate consumer at the lowest price possible. It gives warning, however, that higher cost of materials and reason able differentials for manufacturing will not permit the price to be as low as in former years. To North Dakota, with a normal consumption annually of about 30, 000,000 pounds of binder twine, an nouncement of the food administra tion's plan to take over control of the industry is exceptionally important. In the last crop season, North Da kota farmers paid from 17 to 18 cents for their twine, compared with a rate of 9 cents a pound back in normal times. Late in the 1917 crop season, the price of twine advanced 2 cents, and was selling at from 20 to 22 cents a pound in various sections of North Dakota, according to A. B. Clancy, manager in Fargo for the Interna tional Harvester Co. As indicated by the government an nouncement, binder twine will not be sold on the basis of the old time price of about 9 cents, but a material decline from the quotations of 1917 are assured. ERGUWD MIS OF LLOYD «E TALK LONDON PRESS COMMENDS THE PREMIER FOR HIS STAND RE GARDING WAR AIMS London, Jan. 7.—If the country's opinion, as is probable in the pres ent case, can be judged by expres sions in The London Press, it nfey be said that never before has Prem ier Lloyd George won such universal approval as is given to his statement of Saturday concerning Great Brit ain's war aims. It is recognized that there will be a divergence of opinion 'on details like the economical terms of settlement and disposition of Ger many's African colonies but in all essentials his statement is hailed as eminently satisfactory and the prem ier is declared to have performed a most important service to the coun try. All interest now is focused on the question as to how the statement will be received in Germany, Austria Hungary and not the least, in Rus sia, but as yet there is nothing to satisfy this anxious curiosity. With the exception only of the bellicose Morning Post, which how ever, is not opposed to the premier's thesis, the morning newspapers of London join in a chorus of approval. The Times declares it is the most important state document since the declaration of war. It commends the moderation of the statement, which, however, it thinks may disconcert some tried friends and allies and even lend itself to the enemy mis representation. Will Never Get Better Terms The Daily Mail says that nothing" could be more simple or more demo cratic than the statement, and the whole British people are solid behind it. The Germans, it declares, will never get better terms. Premier Lloyd George's assertion that he was not speaking for the gov ernment, but the nation and the em pire, The Daily Telegraph thinks, will remove a load of anxiety from many troubled minds. It says that all the primary essentials for peace terms are included in the statement, which,, however, it anticipates, will draw a cry of incredulous rage from Ger many. The Daily News describes the statement as a landmark in the war, "bringing us and, we take it, our allies generally, into line with the policy President Wilson constantly has formulated." The Daily Express says the pre mier has spoken the entire mind of the entente. Germany, it adds, finds herself taken seriously and it is the supreme test of her sincerity. The view of The Morning Post is that victory is the only war aim worth considering and if British gov ernments had conducted the war from the beginning on that principle vic tory would have been won long ago. It approves of the premier's state ment by implication in saying that it assumes that the speech means the country will go on to victory despite all sacrifices. I have the honor to submit herewith for transmission to congress for in clusion in the urgent deficiency bill? an estimate of an appropriation to purchase and sell seeds to farmers in areas where unusual conditions pre vail, and particularly in those which have suffered during the past season from severe drought. It is suggested that the following language will ac complish the purposes which the de partment has in mind: To enable the Secretary of Ag riculture to meet the emergency caused by the jjeed for food and feed crops by'purchasing, or con tracting with persons to grow, seeds suitable for the production of food or feed crops and to store, transport, and furnish such seeds to farmers for cash at a reasonable price, $6,000,000 and this fund may be used a° a revolving fund until the Secre tary of Agriculture determines that no such emergency exists and the Secretary of Agricul ture determines that no such emergency exists and the Sec retary of Agriculture is author ized to pay all such expenses, including rent, and to employ such persons and means, in the District of Columbia and else where, and to cooperate with such State authorities, local or ganizations, or individuals, as he may deem necessary to accom plish such purpose. The seed situation has presented and continues to present, many diffi culties. Under the provision of the food production act, which made available $2,500,000 for the purchase and sale of seed to farmers in re stricted areas for cash, at cost, it has been possible for the department to furnish some relief. Large quantities of- seed of cotton, grain serghums, Our Country! Ia H«r latanMiM with foreign uliou nay She always be right. But ear eemtry, tight «r wrong.—Stephen Decatur. RED CROSS SENDS A FINE SHIPMENT RED CROSS WORKERS DOING FINE—ALLOTMENT CONTAINS OVER 1000 ARTICLES Other districts throughout the country will have to "Go Some" if they make any better showing than this district of the Red Cross. In 4 spite of the fact that a shipment was made about the first of December we find that the December allotment con tains over one thousand articles. There are busy workers everywhere throughout the district, men, women and children and this shipment proves SECRETARY HOUSTON OUTLINES NEEU FOR SEEP APPROPRIATION Asks Congress For Appropriation of Six Million Dollars—Buy And Sell Seed to Farmers For Cost— Several Sections Need Help Washington, Jan 7—David F. Hous- and corn have been purchased for the ton, secretary of agriculture, has ask ed congress for an appropriation of $6,000,000 to enable the department of agriculture to buy and sell seed to farmers for cost at a reasonable price. The necessity for the appro priation is explained in the following letter which the secretary has sent to the secretary of the treasury: ton GrapKic WILLIS TON, WILLIAMS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1918. 1.50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE: that we have a fine patriotic lot of Red Cross members. The December allotment contained the following articles: 38 hospital bed shirts, 15 pairs pajamas, 20 convalescent robes, 19 pair bed sox, 200 triangular ban dages, 10 abdominal bandages, 7 pil low cases, 45 pillows, 94 wash cloth?, 36 handkerchiefs, 78 sweaters, 106 pair wristlets, 200 pair sox, 2 mufflers. In addition to this the Red Cross expects to send two shipments during the month of January, one about the fifteenth and one the last of the month. CARD PARTY AND DANCE The Degree of Honor is planning an old time informal dance and card party at their next meeting January 18th, which will be for members only. A light lunch will be served. A charge of 50 cents per couple includes the lunch. They desire to see every member present becaus a good time is assured. Twelve tables will set for cards—the floor is fine chance for the younger folks. Mr. and Mrs. Edward Metz who have been to the cities for a couple of weeks visiting with friends and relatives returned here Tuesday and will go to housekeeping in the Kassis residence on first avenue east. HON PMITISMS10 HAVE lEW MEETING CALLED FOR JAN. 19 IN ARMORY —SPEAKER WILL BE WALTER THOMAS MILLS The Non-parisan league has called a meeting to be held in the Armory in this city on Saturday the 19th of January. It has been some time since the nonpartisans held a meeting here, not since the Townley meeting of last year. At the coming meeting Walter Thomas Mills will be the speaker. Mr. Mills has quitfe a reputation as a talker and will no doubt prove inter esting. drought stricken sections of Texas in order to assist in making available adequate supplies of seed for the next planting season. The department is taking similar action in North Da kota and Montana and has arranged to purchase considerable quantities of old corn suitable for seed for sale to farmers in Indiana where an emer gency exists with reference to the supplies of available seed corn. It is clear, however, that the funds now at the command of the depart ment are wholly insufficient to enable it to meet the situation properly. If production is to be maintained or in creased next year, it is essential that prompt and adequate action be taken to safeguard the seed supplies of the nation. There is urgent and imme diate need for at least $6,000,000, and it is probable that an additional sum will be required in the near future. Two general areas have suffered severely from draught during the past season—the Southwest, including a large part of Texas and a part of Oklahoma, and a considerable portion of the northwest, including large sec tions of North Dakota and eastern Montana. These regions represent a large part of the grain-producing areas of the United States, with par ticular reference to grain sorghums, oats, barley, flax, and corn. The seed corn situation in the northern half of the corn belt is more serious than it has been for many years. Early frosts throughout the northern part of the corn belt caught much of the corn either in the milk or in the dough stages and, although the crop was large, it contains an unusually high percentage of soft corn. The high prices prevailing also have caus ed farmers to sell their old corn and consequently there is a much small er supply on hand than in former years. Reports received through the de partment's agents and from other sources are to the effect that the crop of both grain and forage sorghums in Kansas, Texas, and Oklahoma was badly injured by the draught and by early frosts. Unless prompt action is taken to buy and store the seed, a (Continued on page 3) The basketball season of 1918 looks very promising. With seven men from the Championship Football team of 1917, it appears that a team com posed of such men can be worked up which will do credit to the school. This school is at a disadvantage in basketball on account of the extend ed football season. Early last fall all the smaller schools about us were practicing and getting in physical condition, and also playing games with each other. The H. S. team had two weeks of practice, good, thoro, practice, when the Xmas vacation came on. Now they are out again for hard practice to get into physical condition for the first of the season's games. Eight games have already been scheduled with the neighboring towns, four of the§e at Williston. There is a possibility of two more games be ing added to this list. The schedule follows: Tioga at Williston—February 18. Williston at Fairview—February 25. Williston at Tioga—February 1. Poplar at Williston—February 8. Williston at Stanley—February 22. Fairview at Williston February 25. pie and students last fall was surely a good portion of their success. With such support the basketball season can be made worth while, and will de termine in a large measure the teams' success. A team is measured by its physical ability and by its' financial and moral support. We, therefore wish to urge those who are interested in athletics and the welfare of the schools, to come and give the athletic association their hearty and enthusiastic support. If worst comes to worst the Na tional and American league baseball clubs can be turned over the fed eral government for management for the duration of the war. SOME OPPOSITION TO SECRETARY BAKER CRITICS CLAIM PACIFIST CAN NOT DIRECT WARMAKING FORCES OF COUNTRY Washington, Jan. 5.—Will Secre tary of War N. D. Baker be retired after the continuing disclosures of in efficiency in the war department? That Secretary Baker has failed is the contention of an increasing num ber of men, many of whom have main tained from the beginning that no pacifist is constitutionally qualified to direct the warmaking forces of the nation now. Mr. Baker came to the war department as a leader of paci fists and has not changed his views, which include apprehensions of the spread of "militarism" on American soil. Congressmen Asked to Urge Change Many of these say the country needs Theodore Roosevelt on the war minister's job. Mr. Baker has his defenders, and they are numerous. They assert that the war secretary may ave been a pacifist up to te time his country be came involved in war, but that there upon he became a militarist and de voted his keen analytical mind and his genius for organization to the task of building a war machine in a re markably short time. President Satisfied So Far Whether congress will be satisfied with the defense remains to be seni:. Certainlv there is intense dissatisfac- GOVERNOX CALLS SPECIAL SESSION OF THE LEGISLATURE FOR JAN. 23 Seed and Feed Problems of Farmers to be Taken Up—Tf State Produces Full Crop Farmers Must Have Seed Twenty Counties Need Help FINE BASKETBALL TEAM EXPECTED SEVERAL MEMBERS OF CHAM PIONSHIP FOOTBALL TEAM DRILLING FOR TEAM Williston at Poplar—March l._ The kind of support the team man agers received from the town's peo- ^ies Bismarck, N. D., Jan. 9.—Governor Lynn J. Frazier las evening issued his proclamation, calling the legisla ture to convene Wednesday, Jan. 28, nextraordinary session, to give at tention to seed grain and feed prob lem, held by the state executive as es sential to the state's proper response to the nation's demand for the great est possible production of food this year. Governor Frazier, indicated to a representative of The Forum this morning that his message to the legislature, would be confined to seed grain, mortatorium for soldiers with the possibility that some attention would be given to the financial needs of several state departments that are short of funds because of increased operating expense, notably fifty per cent increase in postage, and to finances of the state council of de fense. Long Opposed Extra Session "I had long opposed the idea of a' special session," said the governor, "in hope that the federal government would take action. They have taken the position in Washington, however, that they have enough problems to deal with and that individual states should handle their own problems. The position by the federa lgovern ment seems reasonable in view of' the tremendous demands made upon for successful prosecution of war." Governor Frazier indicated that his recommendations with respect to the coqnty bonding act will relate to increased allowance of seed to indi vidual farmers and. also to increased allowance of feed. Governor Frazier and J. N. Hagan, commissioner of agriculture and labor, look upon the feed proposition as being equally as critical as the seed situation. About eighteen or twenty coun- are 'n n®®d our 4 1 The demand for the retirement of I make his retention impossible, where Mr Baker is beginning to be echoed I "Pn the public may expect to read in various parts of the country. News- the usual correspondence, consisting papers have taken pthe cry, and the mail of senators and representa tives is crammed with letters urging action to force his dismissal. reports," continued Governor Frazier. "I have been requested from time to time since last November to call a special session, but had hesi tated in hope that some other solu tion would be found. Two Crop Failures "Farmers who must be given re lief are without credit because they have had two crop failures and states action is imperative if North Dakota^ is to do its bit for the nation. "Only one or two counties that arer in need, are so heavily bonded that' they cannot issue sufficient seed grain bonds under the constitutional limit that gives counties the right to bond for a total of only five per cent of their assessed valuation." Governor Frazier has hopes of see ing the session confined to three" or four days, estimating that it would cost about $12,000 for a three days' session. He thinks that sufficient time in which to dispose of the prob lems involved. Hopes For Short Session "I believe legislators will be patri otic enough to confine themselves to emergency problems only," he said. j"I cannot conceive that anybody will wish to assume responsibility for a long session." tion at the capitol with the revela tions of bureaucratic ineptitude, slug gishness, red tape and general inef ficiency, and the secretary of war has. frankly stated that he is responsible. Incidentally, it may be stated, he has the courage of his convictions. Whether Mr. Baker shall go or stay is a question that will be decided by President Wilson. At this writing the president, I can state authori tatively, is entire satisfied with his secretary of war and has no thought of parting with him. This does not mean, however, that Mr. Baker will remain in the cabinet indefinitely. Circumstances may develop which will of a letter from the secretary of war announcing his desire to retire and relieve the president of embarrass ment and the reply of the president reluctantly accepting Mr. Baker's resignation. Faithful to Executive The president has good reason to' be satisfied with Mr. Baker. There is no member of the cabinet who has carried out the president's policies. complied with the president's instruc tions and reflected the president's views, even on the most trivial mat ters, more faithfully than Mr. Baker. When Mr. Baker expresses his opin ions on a military question the pub lic may rest assured that what he says coincides absolutely with the president's view. No decisions of major importance and manv of no (Continued on page- 8), 'itf of aid, according to fl 'IAy. vim 1,' '-'-m 1 ''f« .1 -4i ill .i 'M vSR