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Thursday, January 10, 1918.
WILLISTON GRAPHIC John A. Corbett, Editor and Publiahcr OFFICIAL PAPER OF WILLIAMS COUNTY Published cv.ery Thursday at Wllllaton, N. D., and enter ad at the Wllllaton Poatofflce as second claaa mall matter. THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1918. THE FREE SEAS GERMANY HAD The Germans profess to be concerned for the free dom of the seas, and allege the securing of that free dom to be one of the reasons for which they wage war. We are aware that what they purposed was not to free the seas, which required no freeing, but to trans fer the trident from the hands of Great Britain to those of Prussia. And the submarine is proof of what Prussia would do with dominion over the seas, did she gain it, says the Minneapolis Journal. German success and development, the riches Ger many had gained since 1871, the economic prosperity she enjoyed, depended until 1914 upon the very freedom of the seas which Prussians declare did not exist. Ger many in that period was free to import every raw ma terial from the ends of the earth, free to export every manufacture from that raw material to Britain, to Britain's colonies, to the United States, to South Amer ica, to China and evrywhere else free to enter British ports all around the earth on the same terms as Brit ian's own vessels free to traverse the Suez Canal on paying the uniform tolls. In fact, the ocenas were open to open German ships on freer terms and better secur ity than ships in any other period of history ever pos sessed. Today, after more than three years of war upon her neighbors, of murder and outrage, of spoliation and op pression, or piracy upon the high seas, Germany would be tickled to death to have restored to her the freedom of the seas exactly as she enjoyed it until August 1914. She pretends still that the seas were enslaved, but whatever they were, her use of them made her a great industrial nation, an importer and exporter, a ship-owner and manufacturer, a rich country with vast overseas trade. She has sacrificed all that, and now she knows, or those of her subjects who are intelligent enough to un derstand, know that unless Germany after the war has free access to the globe's raw materials, with freedom to import them in her own bottoms, the freedom to ex port them as manufactured goods, she will be impover ished, no matter what her victories and her annexa tions may be. More important to Germany in the next few decades than drang nach Osten (drive to the East), than the Balkan corridor, than the Bagdad rail way, than Poland and Courland, than even the Briey orin'district and the port of Antwerp, will be the op portunity to secure raw materials, cotton, rubber, leather, wool, copper, what-not. Were Germany assured that the freedom of the seas, as she enjoyed it before the war, would be re stored to her, she might be induced to agree to what would look to her to be moderate terms of peace. When her rulers, political and industrial, get down to brass tacks, they know that what is essential to Ger man life, to make it tolerable for their people, is un trammeled privilege to import an dexport. Germany had these benefits. From their profits she built up a huge war machine to enslave the world. And the' world now is justly dubious concerning what Germany would do with them again, were they re stored to her. They will not at once nor for some time be restored altogether, since Germany has forfeited the good will, upon which business so largely depends. She will have to efface the hatred of the world before she can regain the confidence of the world. A long interval of good conduct on her part will be required to accomplish that. What Germany will strive to put into the terms of peace is favorable or preferential discriminations in the markets of others. Bismarck did that in the treaty of peace with France, and the Kaiser is doing the same in his agreements with the Russian Bolsheviki. But what actually confronts Germany is economic ruin, even s"hould she manage to avoid military catas trophe. G—R—A—P—H—I—C A WARNING AND SOME ADVICE It is opportune at this time to sound a special warn ing to the people of this community, for this is the sea son when the mail order houses are busiest. They have flooded the country with their catalogs, and will reap a harvest in proportion. Vast sums of money are sent away for purchases that could be as satisfactorily, and far more profitably, made at home. Purchases made through the drawing power of mail order catalogs are on a cash basis, and no part of this cash will ever re turn for circulation in the community from which it is sent. The catalog buyer is attracted largely by his curi osity to see what he will get for his money. There are frequent delays, misunderstandings and, not infre quently, misrepresentations, all of which have to be adjusted at long range. The catalog house having re ceived the money, the burden of proof which is neces sary to adjust a misunderstanding is upon the pur chaser. As is frequently the case, the purchase could have been made at home and a satisfactory delivery made immediately. The reason for mail order purchases being largely psychological, it can be met only on a like basis—a psychological appeal, and this appeal can be promul gated only through newspaper advertising. Consider the catalog goes into the home and is looked through frcm cover to cover. How many local manufacturers or merchants go to the limit in sending any word into the homes? The mail order man is on the job con stantly, and the local merchant and manufacturer should do the same by "keeping everlastingly at it," by advertising in the newspapers in season and out. When business is good, advertise so that it may be better when business is slow, advertise so that it may be good. People are not going to buy from the local merchant because they know him, or because they like him, or for any other personal reason. He must make a bid for their trade. After that, the personal element will give him an advantage, but he must lay a per manent foundation through the medium of newspaper advertising. Every copy of the local paper goes into some home, where it is read by every member of the family. The announcements of the local merchants are thus put before his friends, the mail order man is there all the time. G—R—A—P—H—I—C G—R—A—P—H—I—C THE BELGIUM OF THE SEAS A white book recently published by the Norwegian Government shows that, up to October last, Germany had sunk over a million tons of peaceful Norwegian ships, involving the death of more than seven hundred sailors. Most of them were sunk without warning. In some cases after a sinking ship had bee ndeserted the sub marine turned its fire upon the lifeboats, killing mem bers of the escaping crew. In some cases not a solitary member of the crew has been heard from, and Norway knows of the sink ing only because the ship has disappeared. There is no doubt that the Christian policy of "sinking without trace" was carried out in some cases and attempted in others. There is no doubt that that has been a Prus sian policy with regard to neutral peaceful ships whose reported destruction might be inconvenient to Wilhelm strasse. The white book says ship losses have decreased of late, due partly to better preventive measures by the Allies also, partly due to vigorous action in Norway against German spies, who showed their appreciation strength of Austria-Hungary at but 1,200,000 men, or about one-third its strength at the beginning of the war. This would give a combined force of les sthan 4,500,000 to face England, France, United States, Italy, and Greece, provided Russia and Rumania are definitely removed as factors in the fighting. It is for midable enough, nobody denies, but the German army that was held in check by the pitifully small French and British forces at Ypres and the Marne, when they had ten guns to the Allies' one, is not going to break through now. G—R—A—P—H—I—C WHAT THE THREE S'S STAND FOR "Sacrifice, Substitute, and Save," says Margaret Deland in the January Woman's Home Companion: "'Food!' said the lady from Ireland,—'it's toired Oi am ay the worrd! I wisht I could go away into the woods for two weeks, and not hear onct the sound av it. Food! Ivery newspaper is full av it, and iverybody jaws at ye about it ye get it tro'n at ye even in church! Food! Arrah!' she ended, with a bitterness so genuine, and funny, and pathetic, that all her employ er could do was to say, confidently, 'Mary, I'm tired of it, too!' "I suppose we are all a little tired of it and we are going to be tireder, for of course Mary and her sym pathetic employer will continue to have the word Food 'tro'n at 'em' for some time—-in fact until both women have learned the lesson of thrift, of which all of us in America have been, in our easy, lavish, American way, so entirely ignorant. We shall have it thrown at us until we have discovered what each of us, individ ually, is willing to do to make things better, not for herself, but for the world, and until we settle down to do it! Personally I have summed up what I must do in three words: Sacrifice Substitute Save And the greatest of these is save!" G—R—A—P—H—I—C OUR SAVINGS AND OUR ARMY "Our gallant men in the field will do the fighting with true American valor, but the responsibility rests upon you and me and every other citizen of the United States who is not in active field service to provide them with the equipment and machines to enable them to fight successfully. "Valor alone is not going to destroy the Kaisor and military depotism. We must have organization back of it. Every man nthis country must be a patriot. "The value of the war-savings plan consists not alone nthe amount of money which the people of the United States may lend to their Government upon the certificates which are sold, but also in the lesson which will be taught, in the habits of thrift that will be in culcated as a result of it. What this will mean in conserving the resources of America is inestimable. What this will mean in the future economy of America is incalculable. "Victory can only be won by the valor of our sol diers, combined with the intelligent use of our re sources. Savings and economy enlarge the available resources of the country for war, and the industry of the people is necessary to put these resources in the form which will enable our soldiers to use them with victorious effect upon the battle fronts."—From speech of Secretary McAdoo. G—R—A—P—H—I—C DO YOU FACE THINGS, OR DO YOU DODGE THEM? A writer in the January American Magazine says "Tom Masson wrote a remarkable little article in a New York-newspaper a year or more ago in which he made the point that human beings (so many of them!) just will not face things. They will 'duck' and dodge and squirm away from an important situation rather than step right up and meet it. Of course later they have to pay an enormous price for their 'duck ing' and dodging and squirming. "In matters of health £his is everlastingly true. Look at the men past 40 you know who try to smokc and eat and sit up nights as if they were in the early twenties. They make themselves uncomfortable and say that they 'don't feel just right.' But they won't face things—they won't face the fact that if they want to feel well and enjoy life they must revise their wa^s of living and adjust themselves to changed conditions. "This willingness to face things comes pretty near being what marks a continuously successful man. It is certainly what marks a wise man in questions per taining to health. There is nothing but trouble in store for the man who insists on blundering ahead with his eyes shut." WILLISTON GRAPHIC 7 Weekly Health Letter DANGERS OF CROWDED CARS The street and railroad cars have neither sufficient air space nor venti lation to permit of the carrying of more passengers than they can seat. The over-crowding of our passenger transportation vehicles is an impor tant factor in spreading the grippe and the so-called colds that have ter minated so seriously of late for the old and young. If we did not stay up so late at. night we might breakfast earlier and walk to and from our places of work. Every healthy man and woman lead ing a sedentary life should walk sev eral miles a day in the open air, as suming an erect carriage and swing ing the arms freely. and water but the moment air is cut We can go for days without food off from our lungs we begin to strug gle for that life giving element. If it is not restored the person dies in minutes instead of days. From this OUTLINES SEED NEEDS (Continued from page 1) pronounced shortage will undoubted ly exist next spring. Early maturing varieties of soy beans in recent years have become very important in several northern states, especially in Michigan and Wisconsin. The early frost of this year caught the soy beans in these states when they were about half ma ture and the seed crop, therefore, is practically a total loss. The probable large use of soy beans as feed, both whole and ground, and as human food, will absorb a large part of the crop of the early varieties harvested in Indiana and Ohio. Since these are the only sections from which suitable seed for Michigan and Wisconsin can be secured, it is important that ade quate seed supplies be withdrawn from consumption and made available for planting during the next season. Issued by Stat* Public Health Laboratory, University of North Dakota Three northern states produce large quantities of white or navy beans. Michigan, New York and Wisconsin. Of the total acreage, nearly three fourths is in Michigan. An early, frost not only greatly reduced the1 yield, but also greatly injured the. tial, therefore ,that action be taken viability of the beans. It is essen to see that the adequate supply of good seed is available for the next planting season. It is the purpose of the department if the sum suggested is made avail able, to take immediate steps to se cure, test and store at least a portion The Smoke of a Nation Corporal J. A. DumH gan, privates Patrick /. Sharkey andM. P. Conroy, 65 th Infant ry, US.A.( the famous fighting six ly ninth), of the "Rainbow Divi sion." Note the sacks of "Bull'' Durham in their shirt pockets. That's why they were going away with a smile. The "Rainbow Division'' is now in France, where they identify U, S• Soldiers by those familiar "Bull'' Durham tags. jO observation we may get a true meas ure of the relative importance of air to life. To maintain health we must breathe air that has not just been robbed of its oxygen by reason of another per son having used it. We must breathe air free from poison given off from the bodies of those crowded in poor ly ventilated places and particularly must we avoid air loaded with germs of grippe, tuberculosis, pneumonia and other diseases. When compelled to submit to the evils of crowded civilization during grippe and pneumonia seasons, it is well to have your doctor give you a prescription for a good disinfectant solution with which to rinse the mouth, noso and throat several time? daily. It has been demonstrated that there are many pneumonia germs in the mouths of those suffering from the grippe. of the supply of these seeds that will be needed for next season. In this connection, it should be borne in mind that under the language of the item, the seed will be sold to farmers only for cash at a reasonable price, and it is provided that the fund may be used as a revolving fund until the secretary of agriculture determines that the emergency contemplated bj« the appropriation no longer exists. In the circumstances, it is believed that it will be possible to return to the treasury the entire amount ap propriated, or at least the greater portion of it. Send 'Em Away With a Smile! —by giving our soldier boys "Bull Durham tobacco. "The smokers at home do not know what a life-saver Bull Durham is," writes Private Bangs, with the American Expeditionary Forces in France. "We use Bull Durham tobacco almost exclusively/ GENUINE BULL DURHAM Guaranteed by iNCORPORAreo scorn msm Thousands of Our Soldiers are Taking Because it Guarantees the Purest Norwegian Cod Liver Oil high in food value and rich in blood-making properties. Soott's will strengthen WW against winter sickness. Beware of Alcoholic Subititutea. The imported Norweirirm cod liver oil used in rtf ». "-1 ''M •.•r Page Thr— When in Minneapolis don't fall to visit Hotel Dyekman'a new Haviiiai Cafe. Unsurpassed muaieal features and entertainment. 13-tf. Hot Water for 5 Sick Headaches Telia why everyone should drink hot water with phosphate in it before breakfast. Headache of any kind, is caused by autointoxication—which means self poisoning. Liver and bowel poisons cnlled toxins, sucked into the blood, through the lymph ducts, excite the heart which pumps the blood so fast that it congests In the smaller arteries and veins of the head producing vio lent, throbbing pain and distress, called headache. You become nervous, de spondent, sick, feverish and miserable, your meals sour and almost nauseate you. Then you resort to acetanilide. aspirin or the bromides which tempor arily relieve but do not rid the blood of these irritating toxins. A glass of hot water with a teaspoon l'ul of limestone phosphate in it, drank before breakfast for awhile, will not only wash these poisons from your sys tem and cure you of headache but will cleanse, purify and freshen the entire alimentary canal. Ask your pharmacist for a quarter pound of limestone phosphate. It is in expensive, harmless as sugar, and al most tasteless, except for a sourish twinge which is not unpleasant. If you aren't feeling your best, if tongue is coated or you wake up with bad taste, foul breath or have colds, indigestion, biliousness, constipation or sour, acid stomach, begin the pho» phated hot water cure to rid your system of toxins and poisons. Results are quick and it is claimed that those who continue to flush out the stomach, liver and bowels every morning never have any headache or know a miserable moment. Keeping Our Soldiers Strong Early in the world war experience proved the extraordinary value of cod liver oil for strengthening soldiers against colds, pneumonia and lung troubles. Scott'* Emuhion our own American laboratories which guarantees it free from impurities. Scott & Bowuc. Klooraficlcl, N. J. 17-23 is now refined In '-n i\n Li A-Suddestion To Pipe smokers nuxino a little V*w Durham with \aNon\epipe tobacco Sugar in Your Coffey