Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIII, NO. 32.
A large majority of the members of the Water Users Association and others not under the present project attended the meeting held in the Odd Fellows hall Tuesday afternoon. The meeting was called for the purpose of discussing the advantages of chang ing over from a Water Users Asso ciation to an Irrigation District under the laws of this state. It was called at this time for the additionsl reason that Attorney Willis J. Egleston of Helena, district council for the recla mation service, was in the city. The meeting was opened by Presi dent Thomas who called upon Attor ney Burdick for a few remarks. Mr. Burdick said in part: "During the time I have farmed here I have put in eight crops. Due to lack of rainfall I cut but four of these, the other four being very small. There are two ways of rais ing crops in the western part of North Dakota. One way is to summerfal low every other, or two out of three years, but this is a very expensive method and the farmers generally can not afford it. During the four years that the rainfall was scant the only place where I received any crop was in the river bottoms where they were -overflowed by the river, in the spring. Since dry farming by sum merfallowing was impractical the only other way for success was to irrigate. There are 8000 acres of irrigable'land which if. water was put on them elim inate the necessity of shipping in hay RETURNS VERDICT IN FAVOR OF AABERG CASE AGAINST ACCIDENT IN SURANCE DECIDED IN FAVOR OF PLAINTIFF The case of Albert Aaberg vs the United Commercial Travelers Insur ance Company came to a close Tues day noon when the jury, after being out about thirty minutes, returned a verdict for the plaintiff in the full amount of the claim. Mr. Aaberg was injured by being thrown from a buggy April 15, 1915. His spine was hurt and he took treat ments from the best specialists in the country. Iti order to get a settle ment Mr. Aaberg put in a final claim for 54 weeks although still far from well. He did this he says in order to get money with which to continue treatments. The company refused to settle and the case gdt into court. It came up for trial last Friday and was on for four days. The verdict was for $1354.70 with "interest from April 28, 1916. Attorney A. V. Reeke was attor ney for the Insurance Company and Palmer, Craven & Burns, and Mur phy & Metzger, for Mr. Aaberg. The principal line of defense seem ed to be that if the plaintiff could write, talk and walk he was not in jured. For instance Attorney Reeke asked Mr. Aaberg if he could write. He said yes. Can you talk. Yes. Then you are not injured Many of our exchanges are pub lishing etiquette rules for phone use. We would like to add one. If you happen to hear something over the phone that is not meant for you, it is not best to repeat it. VfJillJ WATER USERS HAVE MEETING TUESDAY—BOOST FOR DISTRICT Meeting Practically Unanimous For Organization of Irrigation District Would Give Powers And Advantages of Public Corporation A FEW OF THE BENEFITS OF NEW ORGANIZATION 1. The organization into a district wipes out all liens against the land now held by the government. 2. It would bring into the project all of the lands in a solid body and so help keep down to a minimum the cost per acre for building and operating. 3. By clearing the land of government liens placed there under the old system it leaves the farmer free to take advantage of th government farm loan act. 4. The district board of directors has authority to determine whether or not various tracts are benefited and can act accordingly. It would seem that our accident in- P°wer adjust any differences, leave surance laws could be amended in a way that would protect the injured. For instance a policy reads that the injured will- get so much a week, for a stated number of weeks for ill that long. In many cases he don't get it. If the laws compelled an agreement on the injured within say thirty days, and then payments every week to the injured he could get his money when needed the worst. and other feed. We would be ship ping them out instead. There were three mistakes made formerly that must not be made again. To prevent these (1) Everyone must use water. (2) Absent land owners must pay as well as the residents. If the majority of owners or leasers sign the petition then an election is held. (3) Facilities must be provided to use products of irrigated land so that there would be a demand for such products." Mr. Burdick then read an extract of the law regarding the power of the board of Directors for the Water Users Association. In con clusion he showed that, combining the fertile land which we have with wa ter, the country would be prosperous regardless of rainfall. He thought it possible that in time, through the prosperity of the project, Williston would have a population of 20,000 in stead of 5,000. Attorney Overson gave a talk on "The Future Possibilities" of the dis trict if carried through to organiza tion. He said that he had been Chairman Thomas at this time had Secretary Ellithorpe read a telegram from the State Engineer in which he stated that he had formally approved I the petition for the district. A number of the men under the dis trict who took water when it was fur nished a few years ago said that they were for irrigation and wanted water this and every year. Mr. Phillips said he wanter water. That a few years ago when he had irrigation he got 90 loads of hay and this last year about six loads from the same land. Joe Wegley stated that with irri gation they had raised 270 bushels of potatoes to the acre and without it their crop was practically a failure. Practically every farmer present was called upon and one and all said they wanted water. Attorney Egleston was asked to ex plain in what way the district law was different from the old one under which the project was first organized. He said that under the new law the district would be purely local self gov ernment and they would elect a board which would conduct their business. Under this law the majority would rule and could require all to come who had land which could be profitably ir rigated. The charges under this or ganization would be in the form of taxes and would be collected by and payable to the county. The taxes would be assessed by a man selected and he would assess the land accord ing to the benefits received. The law covers every contingency and the of ficers of the company would have the out land where it could be shown that it could not be cultivated profitably and bring in land that could. He also explained that under the old law the charges of construction, etc., lay as a lien against the property. Under the association contract and the new law all this is wiped off the records and leaves the land clear. This, said Mr. Egleston, is one of the biggest, if not the biggest thing in favor of the change from a Water Users As sociation to the District. It would then be more like a school district. In regard to this change to a dis trict association and a self govern ment we believe it would be well to (Continued on page 8) Capt. E. W. Jeffrey Dear Brother and Family, Williston, N. D. oveE a great many projects and that this was the only one where there had not been a great increase in land values and this of course was due to the fail ure to irrigate. In other districts in Montana land that formerly sold for thirty dollars now sells for $250, the incraese due solely to irrigation. Un der the old irrigation system here there was nothing definite but with this new organization the old govern ment lien against the lands under the project would be eliminated. This would leave the land clear and a farmer needing more money could get it. Mr. Overson also explained that it would take about three months more to get the organization of a new dis trict completed so that prompt action was needed. and the Babies go home. But when I saw the big boat I said "Gdod Night." And she was some boat but I rode her without a struggle. Albert Behonek of "K" was sick from the start to the finish. Alex Steinbach gave up what he had and a few oth ers had sore throats etc., not exactly sea sick you understand only they didn't feel like eating. I could easily write a book on the trip over but it would not pass the Censor so I'll tell it to you when I get home. But this is a nice place considering everything good old English mist that you read about but never ex pected to see or feel. We are out of town about three miles and if you want to go to town you have to travel ten miles to get there figuring the number of times you slip. Hickey Harvey said that he thot Texas was the worst place on earth but he wouldnt trade one corner of it for the whole country. We are subsisting on English ra tions and are all right as far as quan tity is concerned but it rather gets •the old sod busters goat to eat it. But I tell them that as long as it puts the fat on your ribs it don't make so much difference what it is. Lester is having some time trying to learn to eat rice and I am having some trouble eating mutton but you re member the story about the man and the snake, if I ever had been told that I would go so far as to eat mutton I would have. committed suicide in childhood, but when they told me that mutton was very expensive and far more nutrious than beef I got outside of it without any more questions. Now I want to tell you that the boys need tobacco and lots of it. Ri» ht npw Bull Durham is worth 25 cents a package and hard to get at that. Prince Albert and tin tobaccoes of that nature are three for a dollar. The English tobacco is not the kind the men are used to and is more ex pensive than our tobacco. If the peo ple of Williston want to do the boys a good turn send them tobacco. If you have anything to send to the boys in France send it to me, I believe you will understand. And be lieve me we have come to a place where we are not so paticular as we were in the U. S. I suppose that we will get magazines when we get far ther along but right now I could read the advertising section of the Spring- Our Couatry! In Her tatcrcMfM with forciga uilm may She always kt right. But nt caaatry, right wrong.—Stephen Decatur. WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP WIN THE WAR? A personal word to the readers of the Graphic: SAVE WHEAT! This is the outstanding request of the United States Food Ad ministration as voiced at the conference of the Federal Food Ad ministrators from the various states held at Washington January 8 and 9. The shortage of wheat is more acute now than at any time in the past. The critical period is between now and next June. In those few months the American people must save 90,000,000 bush els out of their normal consumption. Every ounce that is saved will help win the war. Use corn products in place of wheat. Mix oat products, rice products, bar ley products and potatoes with your white bread. There is an abundance of potatoes. Try mixing mashed potatoes with your flour the next time you make bread. Potato War Bread 2-3 cup sweet milk 1 teaspoon salt 1 cup potato teaspoon sugar 2 cups flour 1-2 yeast cake Heat milk to boiling point then cool to luke warm. Bake or boil potatoes, then mash or put through ricer. Dissolve the yeast in the milk. Make a sponge of the milk, yeast cake, salt, sugar, mashed or riced potatoes and 1-3 of the flour. Beat well, let stand over night to rise. I nthe morning add the balance of the flour. Let rise again until double in bulk, then mold into a loaf let rise again to double in bulk, then bake 40 minutes in a moderate oven. A little more flour will be required if potatoes are not mealy. Company Boys In England Enjoying The Mist and Mud Like Old U. S. Better Every Day Call For Tobacco And Want Papers I have not taken the time to write you for the reason that I was sure that you would read the folk's let ters and hear from me .thru Lily also we have been pretty busy with this moving game. We may have stayed some little time in Mercedes but be lieve me we have been moving some since. We are here for only a short time, in fact by the time you get this we will be well on our way. You were certainly wrong when you had us pegged for the winter in the U. S. but at that I believe I was the most surprised of all of them and F. E. LADD, Federal Food Administrator. LIEUTENANT JEFFREY WRITES LETTER-BOYS WANT T00ACC0 brook News and think it was real news. Don't kid yourself that we are 4»OTnfsick for we I stuck with it even after I had Lily should have been given to the young est second lieutenant instead of the third ranking Captain. I was in charge of the deck guards coming over, had 115 men on guaid, got a nice hand from the Lieut. Col. Stephan of the 163rd who was in command who was kind enough to mention we to our Col. I was lucky enough to pull a little detective work that got me an audiance with the General.. I don't want to have to kiss anybody's and to get in but I am not going to pass anything up. Well I think I have written enough for this time, what I want you to do is to talk up this matter of tobacco and Red Cross. If I had $100.00 I would go up town and buy the outfit some tobacco for they stire do need some. So long for this time, W. W. Jeffrey, 1st Lieut. Co. E. MI NOT KNIGHTS AT WILLISTON The following members of DeMolay Commandery No. 10, K. T., journey ed to Williston Saturday afternoon where that night they assisted in communicating the Black Cross de gree to eight candidates of the newly organized Crusader Commandery: C. F. Truax, A. Bratsberg, T. F. Fox, Pv. W. Pence, W. H. Reighart, F. P. Taylor, G. D. Colcord, James John son, K. Andreson, A. D. McCannel, H. E. Myorum and A. J. Brunner. Following the work, an enjoyable social session was held, buffet lunch eon being served. One of the big 25 pound turkeys raised in the Willis ton district, was carved and served as sandwiches. Grant L. Conley,.a former resident of Minot, is the Commander of Cru sader Commandery and Rev. Nelson E. Elsworth, also a former Minot res ident, is the Recorder. W. W. Hor ton, an old time Minot residetn, is one of the officers of the new Command ery. The Minot visitors met so many former residents that they felt right Graphic WILLIS TON, WILLIAMS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, JANUARY, 24, 1918. $1.50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE haven't timA for that but the boys haven't been paid for two months and haven't had mail for over three weeks, nor do we ex pect to get mail for another two weeks. Capt. Evans and several other mem bers of the regiment went to London for the week end. You remember the trips he used to take They are tame compared with the ones he takes now and he travels in style too. He is in right with the Col. and the Major as usual and when we moved the last time was given a rotten detail that at home. The Crusader Command ery starts out with a good sized mem- revolutionized the banking business, bership and the prospects are that The transfer of credit then could be thirty members will receive the de- done without the trouble of making grees at an early date. Williston I personal appearance at the bank. Masons are talking of building a fine This shows the evolution of our pres new Temple which will be construct- ent credit system. A man loans an ed as soon as present-conditions are other man $1000 and makes transfer settled.—Minot Independent. by check. The man in return pays Turning to Mr. Burdick he asked "How is that?'' "It all sounds good" was his com prehensive reply. Mr. Mills has visited a number of foreign lands and mentions one. in particular where the plan of govern ment ownership of all industries was successfully carried on when once es tablished. Why and how this task has come to th'e Nonpartisan League was the main theme of his address. "The League is rapidly being extend ed to new states and it will be the task of the League to elect members to Congress who will put such enter prise into effect." Mills went on to show the condition and the position in which farmers are situated at the present time. "The returns of the farmers are expended in different ways: labor must be paid for first then comes the tools to work the land with which is controlled by the capitalist then the interest on the investment must be paid. If the interest is unpaid, there is a fore closure. What remains after labor, tools and interest have been paid, is profit. By the toil of the workers all wealth of the world is created." Mills puts the farmers in a class of workers or laborers and states that the League is working for the better ment of this class of people. "There is an essential difference between tenant and landlord. Land lord—why listen you people—You poor devils are not landlords. A landlord, is one who owns the land— don't want to use it—won't use it— and would feel disgraced if he was compelled to use it. A tenant is one who uses the land but does not own it, must pay the landlord a big price for the use of it. I nmany cases the land is so poor that it will support only the tenant and furnish fodder fo the muies. Consequently there is nothing left for the landlord, but the interest must be paid, so the tenant fails." Mills related an instance of this in Illinois, "where some of the richest land in the world is found, the top surface holding invaluable riches of plant and in a layer under ground an inexhaustable supply of coal. Here are found some of the poorest peo ple living in small shacks, fences about the place all down and every thing in a delapidated condition. These were the tenants and the land lord lived over there in London. Lord Scully of London, when the law for bid an alien of Illinois to own land, came to the United States, swore the oath of allegiance and went back. Thus the debts pile up on the ten ants and farmers. "The bank" says Mills "is an institution devised for handling this great credit system. It is the biggest and best invention ever devised by man." To show the origin of the bank, he began with the Bank of Venice which according to Mills was the first of it's kind in his tory. "This was a community bank: anyone could put in their gold and other precious metals but they could take nothing out, without the pres ence of both parties at the Dank. In the Bank of England a great change had taken place, a great invention— the checkbook—had been made, which HAD MEETING IN ARMORY LAST SATORDAY Walter Mills, Nonpartisan Spea ker Delivered An Address To Audience In This City Saturday—Talked On Govern ment Ownership Tenant, Landlord, Credit System Walter Mills, lecturer, delivered the address in this city Saturday for the Nonpartisan league. There was a fair crowd present, many farmers prob abily being prevented from attending by the weather conditions. Whether his audience agreed with what he said or not they were all of the opin ion that Mr. Mills was a good enter tainor and speaker. Mr. Mills was introduced by Mr. Burdick in a few well chosen words. The speaker opened his address by saying that "The Nonpartisan League has no theories to explain, no doc trines to fulfill, but that they are making an earnest effort to fix with in the state what the people wanted done, that they are going to fix their proposals while they had the power, while they were here. Not one pro posal of the League is one of experi ment but each has been tested out before and where such has been tried, has also succeeded." Mr. Mills up held the League and said that "they were undertaking nothing new, that this was not an experiment," because he has visited places in distant lands where such enterprises have been car ried on and have succeeded interest on the $1000 at 8 per cent. This swapping of checks represents business. If a man has a carload of grain on the track, and he wishes to use or draw on the value of it, he goes to the credit system. Next Mr. Mills touched upon the management system. The manager he says, "belongs to the class of workers Well, what are we kicking about then? We are kicking because he won't stay where he belongs." Mills characterizes him as a "thief, robber, grafter, a pickpocket." Mills admits there must be a head or man ager of workers, otherwise there would be no system. "A manager is one of a class of workers hired for the purpose of hiring others and to direct them. There is a great deal of suffering due to poor management. Because of the great inventions of machinery, no one should suffer for lack of work. More babies have died in the U. S. alone since the war started than there are young men in the service, due to poverty, lack of management, corrupt management, controlled by the grafter, the loafer, the robber. Because of the big sal ary, the manager wants to stick to his job. He can hold his job only as long as he gets more out of the raw material and laborer and tools than someone else. There is no reason for the big salary drawn by the manager, but as he is in the class of workers, he should receive a workers salary. The workers are in a class of people who take what they don't make, while the workers get no more than they make. When the government took over the railroads, the managers who drew a salary of $75000 to $15000 were cut dow nto $5000. "There are two kinds of monopoly, private and public. A private mon oply is one in which a few men con trol and set the price. In such cases people must pay the price or do with out the stuff. A public monoply is one in which the public sets the price. In such a case the selling price is not far from the cost. A private monoply (Continued on page 8) TOGACCO HMD FOR HER OF GOMPMY E BOYS IN LETTERS CALL FOR TOBACCO—SHIPMENT SFNT THIS WEEK A shipment of one hundred dollars worth of tobacco was sent to mem bers of Company E the first of the week. Letters are now being receiv ed from the boys across the water and practically every letter sends out a cry for tobacco. To relieve the boys needs in this re spect members of the home guard and other citizens of the town are planning a campaign for a tobacco 'fund and want to send a large ship ment every month. As one means of raising money cigar boxes are go ing to be placed around town and citi zens can drop money in them which will be used to purchase tobacco. When opportunity presents itself don't fail to contribute. The boys— a great majority of them smoke and they find American tobacco hard to get on the other side and when it can be had the price is very high. A TOAST TO THE FLAG By John J. Daly Here's to the Red of it— There's not a thread of it, No, nor a shred of it In all the spread of it v- From foot to head, But heroes bled for it, Faced steel and lead for it, Precious blood shed for it, Bathing it Red. Here's to the White of it— Thrilled by the sight of it, Who knows the right of it, But feels the might of it Through day and night, Womanhood's care for it Made manhood dare for it Purity's prayer for it Keeps it so white. Here's to the Blue of it— Heavenly view of it, Star-spangled hue of it, Honesty's due of it, Constant and true. Here's to the whole of it, Stars, stripes, and pole of it, Here's to the soul of it— Red, White and Blue. —National Economist.