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"Thursday, March 14, 1918.
PUNISHMENT FOR WAR OBSTRUCTIONISTS The House passed on Thursday, on a roll call without a dissenting vote, the Senate Bill to punish the willful injury or destruction of war mater ials or of war premises or utilities used in connection with war. It is provided in this bill that anyone who, with intent to injure, interfere with or obstruct the United States or any associate nation in preparing for or carrying on the war, shall be on con viction, fined not more than $10,000. or imprisoned not more than thirty years, or both such fine and imprison ment may be imposed. The extreme provisions of the bill, which were call ed for by the interference the Gov ernment has met with from spies and enemy sympathizers in its war prep arations, are intended to summarily put a stop to the willful injury and destruction of property needed to car ry on the war, and they will enable the Government to quickly bring to justice those who may conspire to gether and seek to interfere or ob struct the United States in its war preparations. Opposition to War Finance Corporation In the debate in the Senate this week on the War Finance Corpora tion Bill, Senator Harding called at tention to the fact that while the bill recites that it is a bill "for the pur pose of financing industries ionnect ed with the war," it is well known to every member of Congress that at he present time every industry neces sarily connected with the war is fi nanced by the department of govern ment with which it operates, if any such financing is necessary. The Shipping Board is supplying the mon ey to finance the cutting and sawing of timber, the building of ship yards, as well as for the construction of ships. The War Department and the Navy Department have been boun teously liberal in advancing hundreds -of millions of dollars to government contractors and in financing indus tries for the manufacture of war munitions and war supplies. Senator Harding contended that amendments to the Federal Reserve Act, liberal izing the activities and the accommo Written For Graphic Reader* BJ G. E. Conkey If you have any spare space your back yard, present day high prices for eggs and high prices for poultry meat, and all this talk about raising poultry for patriotic reasons WASHINGTON LETTER By Congressman .D. Norton If you start via the hatching egg route, it means that you must either employ hens for the incubating or buy an incubator for the artificial hatching of your eggs. If you ex pect to hatch with hens, it means that you must buy a number of hens some time before you are ready to start your hatching operations for you must give the hens time to get accustomed to their surroundings and you will have a number of them in order to make sure that some of them will be broody at the proper time. If you get an incubator, it means the expenditure of money, some knowl edge of how to run an incubator, and a good deal of careful attention for a considerable time in order that a good percentage of the eggs may produce chicks. Whether you use hens or in cubators, it means that you will un doubtedly lose a number of chicks be fore they are out of the shell. If you decide to start with the chicks themselves, then you will buy day-old chicks. If you get these from a reliable breeder or hatchery, you •will have strong, vigorous chicks that have, come from healthy parent stock and that have a good laying or a fancy record back of them, depending on the purpose for which you purchase them. The day-old chick system is becoming very popular because of its relief from the uncertainty of in cubating and because you can see what you are getting. The right kind of breeder or hatchery will stand back of its product, just as will the breeder who sells you hatching eggs. The advantage in the case.of day-old chicks is that you need go to little expense for equipment, that you don't have to give your time and thoughts to the incubating, and that you need no old stock around the place. You can start with a new strain, all chicks of the same age, of the same breed and uniform in al most every particular. This will later on minimize the amount of work that you have to do in order to properly feed and take care of them. When you buy your eggs or your chicks, be sure that you have decided whether you want to raise the poul try for eggs, for meat, or for a com bination purpose and when you order your eggs or order your chicks be sure to tell the breeder or the hatch ery what purpose you have in mind so that they may be able to give you dations of the Federal Reserve Banks and the member banks would much better' take care of the emergency need for financing industries of the country during the war period than this need could be possibly provided for by the five hundred million dol lar War Finance Corporation pro posed to be turned over to the guid ance and direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, who is already load ed down with countless responsibili ties. Break up of Russia Permanent Many close and many careful stu dents of world history here expect that the partition of Russia which is now taking place, will be permanent. Several new and distinct republics are likely to evolve from the political and economic chaos in which the Rus sian people are struggling. To what extent Germany, Austria, Turkey, Bulgaria, Sweden and Japan may be permanently aggrandized from Rus sian territory will, as a matter of course, depend upon the degree of the final victory of the Allied Nation? over Germany and Austria. New Draft to be Soon Made I am led to believe, on reliable in formation, that the next draft, which will soon be made by the United Stat es, will be made for 600,000 or 800,000 men. These men will not all be call ed into the service at the same time. After the draft order is issued, about one hundred thousand men will be called into the service each month. Actual Farm Laborers Not to be Called Into Military Service The Provost Marshal's Office has already prepared rules and regula tions which will be soon announced providing that under the new draft to be made, young men subject to the draft and registered in Class "I1' are not to be called into the military ser vice of the Government as long as they are actually and assiduously en gaged in farm labor. County Regis tration Boards will be instructed to permit these young men to continue at their farm work if they so desire, and to send in their places for the military service of the Government, young men on the draft list who are employed in industries less necessary to the success of the war than agri culture. CARE of POULTRY STARTING THE POULTRY YARD have undoubtedly caused you to de- care. For the first 48 hours,^ do^not cide to keep a flock this year. With this decision comes the ques tion of whether you are to start to buying hatching eggs or starting -with chicks. the right kind of stock, so far as they are able. After you have hatched the eggs, or received the day old chicks, the next question is to give them proper give chicks any food but right from the start keep them warm and give them a place where they can remain to rest and gather strength. This means some arrangement for brood ing. There are chick brooders on the market that give good service or you can rig up a good home-made brood er yourself at very little cost. The amount of heating that the brooder should provide for the chicks will de pend on the amount of protection needed against the cold. If you keep the chicks and brooder in a heated building, less attention will be need ed. Right here a word of caution for the beginner is advisable. The man or woman starting in to raise poul try is inclined to rush things—to start hatching as early as possible. Don't do this if you want to be suc cessful. If you start too early, you are starting in severe weather, which means that you will have to over come the difficulty of properly brood ing the chicks and it means also that the chicks will be ready to go outside when the weather is still unfavor able. As a result you are likely to lose a good many chicks. Another caution for the beginner is'not to raise chicks on too large a scale. If you raise chicks in large numbers, you will need a definite pro vision for heating, whereas if you raise just a few you can give them individual attention. In raising chicks "by hand," as it were, the extra care that you give them will permit more simple methods than if you are rais ing chicks on a large scale. In the latter case everything would have to be automatic, simple and sure, in or der that you might get along with a minimum of labor. Remember that a few chicks start ed at the proper time, given good care, good feed, and plenty of room, will give you far better returns than a large number of chicks crowded to gether, given cheaper food, and not receiving the same amount of care that you can give to a small hatch. KEEPING EGGS FOR HATCHING Eggs for hatching keep best in a temperature of about 50 degrees F. and they should be turned every day. Eggs that are to be shipped should be well packed and should be left en tirely quiet at least 24 hours before being placed under hens or in the in cubator. It is not desirable to keep eggs for hatching more than 10 days but good hatches may be secured from three week old eggs if kept at 50 de grees and turned every day. Experi ments show that the longer the eggs are kept the less the percentage of chicks scured. In cold weather gath er the eggs before becoming chilled. —E. J. Peterson, N. Dak. Ex. Sta tion. RAISING THE CHICKS Don't count your chicks before they're hatched" is an old poultry yard adage, but its equally true that you musnt't count your chicks until you have raised them beyond the critical first eight weeks of their life. Chicks are delicate little things and under unfavorable conditions will quickly fall prey to bowel trouble and to diseases brought on by strength sapping parasites. The experienced poultry raiser realizes fully that the number of chicks he can raise depends almost entirely on the amount of care that he gives them. Good care means pre vention of disease and the proper han dling of the lice question, but there are other things that constitute good care and in this article we are going to consider some of these other fea tures. Varying conditions make set rules impracticable, but there are a few principles that should be followed and if you use good judgment, you should raise a very large percentage of all the chicks you hatch. It is a very encouraging sign that today the man or woman with a small lot of chicks can raise from 90 to 100 per cent of the entire hatch whereas just a few years back the small poultryman who raised 70 per cent of his hatch con sidered himself vtery fortunate. Hen-Raised Chicks Raising chicks with hens is the natural way but that does not neces sarily mean it is the best way, the safest way or the most economical way. As a matter of fact you can raise chicks by the brooder method as described below and liberate your hens so that they get to work laying eggs—producing revenue for you in stead of simply consuming feed. Then too, if your chicks are hatch much bad weather, you cannot leave too much to the hen because she can not supply all the care that is need ed. Oftentimes the hen will take the chicks out through the wet grass and they become chilled and are carried off with bowel trouble. Another point to remember is that while chicks from two hatches may be given to one hen for raising and this method works nicely in warm weather, it must not be tried until after the first of May because in cool weather one hen cannot cover more than fifteen chicks ri'ght and early in the season ten chicks is all that a hen can look after. Brooder-Raised Chicks This artificial method of raising chicks is becoming more and more popular with poultrymen just as the artificial incubation of chicks has grown in use. For one thing you can raise an extremely large number of chicks without having to bother with a lot of more or less uncertain hens. For another reason, your hens are busy laying instead of losing time breeding. Of course, in raising chicks artifi cially the chances for trouble increase because you are doing work that the hen instinctively knows how to do, but at the same time you can almost eliminate trouble if you will bear in mind that the main requirements of the chicks are plenty of room and sufficient heat. Do not make the common mistake of overcrowding your chicks in the brooder or in the run to such an extent that their growth is checked. Overcrowding oc curs very easily and in many cases will result in the chick being a week or two backward and if conditions are not improved the chick may be rendered quite worthless. When you buy your brooder make sure that the manufacturer has not overestimated the capacity of the ma chine, a mistake that is by no means uncommon. Be liberal in your calcu lation for it is betted to make sure that the chicks have the required room than to take a chance of their being harmed through overcrowding. Re member too, that chicks need more room as they grow older, and they will not continue in their develop ment and keep healthy unless they have plenty of room. Brooder Temperature Don't make the chicks waste energy trying to keep warm. Give them all the heat they require. For the first week maintain a temperature of one hundred degrees, with the thermom eter bulb at the height of the chick's head. This will make the chicks com fortable and will eliminate the ten dency to crowd, which condition is met where the heat is insufficient. Watch your chicks and you can tell when the heat is right, for only then will the chicks be contented. The brooder temperature should be reduced about five degrees a week as the chicks grow older and there should be some arrangement so that the chicks can move to or away from the heat'at will. Provision should also be made for a gradual change of air. Guard against overheating in the brooder for much bowel trouble^ in chicks is due to this one cause. Chicks require a rather'high temperature in brooding but at the same time re member that they will not stand the excessive heat that an older bird will. In hot weather see to it that the chicks are not overheated. Coops should be well ventilated and there should be lots of shade. POULTRY CONSERVATION AND PRODUCTION Conservation and maximum pro* duction are the slogans of our coun try today and never before has there WILLISTON GRAPHIC been a time when these two watch words needed clos«r observance on the part of poultry raisers. It is up to us to put forth every effort that our meat and egg supply may be increas ed. As poultrymen and as true Amer icans with the "I will" American spirit, we must make good. Conservation and observation are essential in applying proper poultry methods, in order to get the maximum result from the efforts of every man, woman and child. Conservation and increasing our food supply is of first importance. Every pound of poultry feed should count and while we advocate greater production of poultry, we must not lose sight of the fact that millions of pounds of valuable poultry feed are wasted every year in feeding unpro ductive stock, that under no condi tions could be made to pay for the food they consume. Observation is essential, for we must eliminate this "boarders" class of stock before we can hope to make a reasonable profit from our poultry, and accomplish any good for the com mon cause. Besides this totally unproductive stock, there is another vast amount of stock not giving returns, because I their owners do not give them a fair! chance. Lack of interest on the part 1 of poultry raisers in general in se curing proper knowledge of selection and breeding, keeping only the profit able birds and disposing of the board ers, has been the most direct cause of many failures. Yet these failures might have been easily overcome, for! the knowledge of proper selecting and breeding can be readily obtained. It merely means a little attention to the flock on the part of the poultry men. Housing and feeding and the gen eral care of poultry, ekeping them free from disease and from lice and housing them in sanitary buildings, have also been contributing causes to many failures. Yet full information on each and every one of these sub jects can be had with almost no trouble on the part of the poultry man. High prices for grain and inade quate returns from the flock, due to a lack of interest on the part of the owner, or to a lack of knowledge of how to cull the flock profitably, has resulted in a great shortage of a stock. Poultry raisers have cut down their flock and not knowing how to select the breeders, many of the best breeders of the flock have been turn ed over to the butcher. The poultry industry of this country has been hard hit and the loss of these goods breeders will result in high prices prevailing for poultry products, be fore we can again build up our lay ing flock and replace the enormous numbers that have been slaughtered. These high prices are going to make it all the more certain that the poultry industry will do its bit for the welfare of the country. It will be money in our pocket to keep a few hens in the back yard and feed them on the scraps from the table. It will be patriotic because we will add to the egg and meat supply of our coun try. DOUBLING THE FARM ERS WHEAT DOLLAR (Continued from page 2 el, he deducted that from $'_\2S jmr bushel and found the price ui Slkeston to be $2,110'-'. From this he deducted 1 per cent per bushel for the commis sion linn's charges, which put tlie net price f. o. b. Slkeston at $2.1002. He next compared this price with what he could get if he sold at St. Louis, his nearest primary market. At. St. Louis the basic price is $'2.18 per bushel, and the freight rate from Slkeston to St. Louis 0 cents per bush el. This would uiake the Slkeston, price $2.12, less 1 cent per bushel fori selling charges, or $2.11 net. The St. Louis price would therefore govern, being advantageous to the Slkeston seller. If our imaginary 2 bushels of wheat, had started from Slkeston, since It was a No. 2 grade, we must deduct 3 centsi per bushel, which would bring the, price f. o. b. the elevator point toj $2.0802 per bushel. As our Imaginary elevator inan Is charging 5 cents per bushel fpr handling, which Includesj the commission fee just mentioned, wej deduct an additional 4 cents to arrive, at the price the farmer received. Thla price would be $2.0402 at the elevator. Some of that 4 cents will return to our farmer If the elevator prospers for it. Is owned co-operatively. When Farmer and Elevator Man Dis agree. Had this elevator been owned by pri vate firm or person, or had It been a "line" plant, Col. Jenkins would not have been so bland and trustful. He might have refused to sell at all and arranged to store his wheat or he might have taken It over to a com petitive concern which offered a high er price for the Food Administration has not yet attempted to regulate tho prices paid farmers for wheat at coun try points. It does, however, offer tot •ell for any farmer or farmers' organ ization wheat offered at terminal points, but makes a commission charge of 1 per cent for Its services. HORSES—MARES 56 head 4 year old, all halter broken. Some broke to work. For sale, cash or time to the right par ties. Jos. Wegley Williston VICTORY BREAD FOR GROWING CHILDREN Victory in the war depends upon the Use of VICTORY BREAD. The Administration asks each and every housewife to help in this great campaign of thrift It asks you to use WHOLE WHEAT FLOUR and such percentage of Sub stitutes as may be prescribed from time to time. Williston WHOLE WHEAT FLOUR retains all the muscle-building elements, all the food elements for strength-maintenance, and it contains those things which are needed by growing children. Physicians have long urged the use of more whole wheat flour and less of Patents. Help the administration by using Whole Wheat Flour, and at the same time promote and maintain your own, and children's health. Whole Wheat Milling Co. Williston, N. Dak. WILLIAM WAS PATRIOTIC "William," demanded Mm. White wash, "whaffor you go an' put on dat noisy plaid vest?" "M:!ndy,': declared Mr. Whitewash, 'cause Ah'm tryin' t' help Mistah Hoover lick de stuffin' out'n de by keepin' check on mah appetite!" A N N A E E JUNE 22 At a meeting Sunday afternoon, June 22nd, was decided upon as the date for the Truax Farmers' club fourth annual picnic, which will CREAM FOR CATARRH OPENS UP NOSTRILS Tells Row To Get Quick Relief from Head-Colds. Irs Splendid In one minute your clogged nostril? will open, the air passages of vour head will clear and you can breathe freely. No more hawking, snuffling, blowing, headache, dryness. No struggling for breath at night your cold or catarrh will be gone. Get a small bottle of Ely's Cream Balm from your druggist now. Apply A little of this fragrant, antiseptic, healing cream in your nostrils. It jien ctratos through every air passage of the head, soothes the inflamed or swollen mucous membrane and relief cun.ci in stantly. It's just fine. Don't stay BtufiVd-up with a cold or nasty catarrh—Relief comes so quickly. FRESH FISH WINTER CAUGHT We have just received two car loads of fresh winter caught Pike, Pickerel and Small Whiles which we are selling at very rea sonable prices- We will sell these fish either wholesale or retail and any and all orders received, be they large or small will re ceive careful and prompt atten tion. Page Eleven 'a KaiMV be held nt the Gimberling farm eight miles south of Epping. Special ar rangements are under way to make this year's event the best in the his tory of the club. Write us for price*. Salsberg Bros. & Co. Williston, N. D.