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VOL. XXIII, N0.40 Petrograd, March 14, Thursday.— The All-Russian congress of soviets, meeting at Mascow today, by a vote of 453 to 30, decided to ratify the peace treaty with the central powers. M. Ryazonov, a prominent Bolshe vik theorist, and representatives of all the professional unions resigned from the Bolshevik party after the vote. The action of the* All-Russian cong ress of soviets in accepting the Ger man peace clears the way tor an nouncement of allied intentions as regards Japanese intervention in Si beria and gives Germany vast oppor tunities for political and economic penetration of the former Russian em pire. The decision of the congress is the culmination of the peace steps begun by the Bolshevik government last December. By the peace terms Russia must give up Poland, Courland, Livonia, Esthonia and the Ukraine. In Asia Minor the Russians are compelled to retire from Armenia and to cede to the Russia districts of Batoum, Kars and Erivan. Russia must renounce all claims to the occupied territories in Europe, Germany and Austro-Hungary to de cide the fate of these regions in agree ment with their populations. The Russian army must be demobilized and Russian warships are to be dis armed. More important to the central powers is the reopening of navigation in the Black and Baltic seas and the signing by Russia under compulsion of a new commercial treaty, with guarantees of a most favored nation treatment, at least until 1925. The Bolsheviki also promised to put an end to all propaganda and agitation within the central empires and in oc cupied territories under their control. Russian and Ukraine Negotiate Amsterdam, Wednesday, March 13. —The opening of peace negotiations Kiev between Russian and Ukraine is reported in a Vienna dispatch. The Ukrainian rada, the dispatch says, will meet soon to ratify the peace treaty with the central powers. The government set up in Ukraine after its declaration of independence from Russia was opposed as bourgeois by the Bolsheviki, who sent troops to support a Bolshevik movement in the Ukraine. A number of battles were fought and Kiev, was captured by the Bolsheviki. TTie terms im posed by the central powers in the peace treaty, with Russia and the ad vance of Teutonic troops into the Ukraine, however, compelled the Bolsheviki to give up their campaign. The Bolshevik Vote London, March 15.—A Reuter dis patch filed yesterday at Petrograd says that the Bolshevik majority at the Moscow conference decided by a vote of 453 to 30 to support the peace treaty. The foregoing dispatch indicates that only the Bolshevik delegates to the Moscow conference were repre sented in the vote taken, in what may have been a majority caucus. The Willard-Fulton Match Arranged Heavy Weight Championship To Be Decided July Fourth Kansas City, March 16.—Jess Wil lard, heavyweight pugilistic cham pion, and Fred Fulton, of Rochester, Minn., aspirant to the title, will meet in the ring July 4, Col. J. C. Miller, of' Oklahoma, promoter, announced here Friday. Colonel Miller said that Fulton had been guaranteed $20,000, and that there would be a side bet of $5,000. The principals will meet at an un named place April 1 to sign articles. As a guarantee of good faith, it was announced, Miller and Collins each deposited checks for $1,090 with a local sporting editor. The Fulton-Willard match, Colonel Miller said, would automatically can cel the proposed bout between Fulton and Jack Dempsey, Atlantic City, N. J., part of the agreement being that Fulton would not fight again until he meets Willard. PATRIOTIC DISPLAY Bismarck, N. D., March 15.—A patriotic display of unusual interest is a very complete collection of war posters of America and her allies which Dr. M. R. Gilmore has on exhibition in the state histories! li brary. The posters, which are done in colors by the best American and European artists, cover the four walls of the library room. RUSSIAN CONGRESS RATIFIES TERMS DICTATED BY GERMANS Mensheviki and probably other fac tions are represented at the con ference, but in view of the strength of the Bolsheviki it is improbable that their decision could be reversed. Stiff Terms to Lithuania Amsterdam, Thursday, March 14. —Germany has replied to Lithuan ia's repeated requests for recogni tion of her independence, by maldng her recognition dependent upon Li thuanian agreement to certain mili tary, customs, railway and currency conventions, according td the Vor waert sof Berlin. These conditions Lithuania, in the hope of bringing about an alleviation of her condition, is ready to accept. Vorwaerts says such procedure is in nowise reconcilable with the dec laration made by Imperial Chancellor von Hertling last November 29. Would Nationalize Our Motor Corps Would Broaden Scope of Woman's Motor Corps. Many Operated Under Red Cross A Bureau of Motor Corps Service of the American Red Cross has been established to nationalize and broaden the scope of the woman's motor corps, which until now have' been merely adjuncts of local chapters in the sev eral cities where such work has been organized. It is hoped under the new organization to have motor corps in service in every city in the country soon. 1500 In Corps Investigations made by the newly created motor corps bureau show that between seventy-five and 100 motor corps are operating under the aus pices of as many Red Cross chapters in different parts of the country. Ap proximately 1500 women and girls are volunteers in the service, and the cars in use as a rule are owned as well as operated by the volunteers. If all goes well the number of mo tor corps will be expanded to 700. The national bureau would like to have every Red Cross chapter supplement with a motor corps. Under the na tional control the rules governing the service will be standardized and strictly enforced. Women who want to enter the motor corps will be re quired to take an examination in such essentials as a fair knowledge of me chanics, acquaintance with traffic rules, first aid, etc. In addition, par ticular care will be taken in estab lishing safeguards to prevent any thing that would reflect on the high character of the Red Cross and tend to bring humiliation to the young women enlisted in the work. The department of military relief of the Red Cross is making elaborate I arrangements to look after soldiers I who come back wounded and these who have been crippled but recon structed so that they can be sent back I to their homes. No matter how re mote from the port of arrival the home of the returning: soldier may be, the Red Cross plans to go with him on the way through a systematic (.relay service to see that his journey lis made pleasant and that he has at tention after he reaches his deslina tion. The motor corps is to play an important role in carrying out this scheme. During the recent coal famine so gen eral throughout the country, valiant service was performed by the mem bers of the Red Cross motor corps, who carried bags of coal in their cars to the homes of the poor. The Wash ington corps at present is the largest in the country. It has sixty mem bers, fifty-seven passenger cars, three I ambulances and a motor truck. ATTEMPT TO ROB WAREHOUSE Bismarck, March 16.—A bold at tempt to rob the warehouse of the Bismarck Marble and Granite Works was made Monday night, and but for the fact that the foreman, Aug. Fred erick, was sleeping in the office, the raid would have been successful. It is thought that they were after a large coil of copper cable that was among the goods stored there. En trance was gained through a back window. There were two of them and a slight noise made by Mr. Fred erick frightened them and they made their escape through the window. LIGNITE HEARING IN FARGO The proposed hearing on the exten sion of lignite freight rates now ob taining in North Dakota to South Da kota and Minensota, called by the railway commission for March 26, will I be held in Fargo and got in Bismarck, is originally anouncsd. Wffliston Graphic Our CMmtryi la Bar tail with («ni|a utiaaa Mjr Ska altayi right But mu t—try, right «r wrong.—Stephen Decatur. "Keep the Home Fires Burning.'* Keep the home fires burning While your hearts are yearning Though your lads are far away they dream of home. Just a little while ago, says the Minneapolis Tribune, these words were the call of a living mother to other mothers whose sons are in the camps or on the .firing lines. Today the singer of the song is dead—victim of a German air bomb—but the words of the song stay warm and quick with an urge that moves the hearts of millions. Till the radiant figure of Peace comes out of the smudge of battle and over the top, leaving of "No Man's Land" only a tear ful memory, the message will keep on bearing its sacred enjoinder of cheer and courage and hope and duty. The feet of marching hosts will swing bravely to its measures. Countless firesides will be vibrant with the sentiment it speaks. Mrs. Lena Guilbert Ford, an American woman, wrote the song and sent it forth to whatever work of inspiration it might do. Into it she had woven the golden stands of a mother's love. Out of it she hoped might flow that something which assuages the yearn of a mother's heart. She could not bear a gun or ride a warship, and this song was part of her "bit" to the cause she loved and prayed for. It seemed a pebble cast into the sea of human feeling, and so it was, but the force it set loose has been felt in a dozen lands. Mrs. Ford and her crippled son were smothered to death the other day in the ruins of their home in England. A bomb hurled by an enemy aviator has crashed through the roof of the house. It was the German answer to a devoted mother's plea, "Keep the Home Fires Burning." The song had been on the lips of the two a short time before the cruel irony of fate befell them. The home fires at that hearthstone went out almost in a twinkling, but the neighbors have reared here a shrine of affectionate remembrance. Mother and son had done their best tu light with cheer a gloomy world. To the living they have left a legacy that no Teuton stroke can destroy because it is one of love's' cherished imponderables The boys out there in the rough of the war zones dream indeed of home. The prayers of mothers go out to meet the dreams. The tryst may be under the stars or beneath a smoke-veiled midday sun, but whichever it be it challenges t^ie guns and shells that par roundabout. It is a wonderful meeting because love is there with its retinue of courage and hope and pride and comradeship. "Keep the home fires burning." tThe tender injunction has been given in many forms and from many sources, but none has had a wider or a deeper reach than tl^it contained in Mrs. Ford's song. Here was peculiarly a summons to the womanhood of the Allied countries, but its appeal is to \/omen and men everywhere whose loyalty is underlaid with rightt/ousness. Soldiers sing the song in procession and recession, but i'ts best, setting for them is the rendezvous of rest between the casj of "carrying on" when the lines that bear thought twixt Home and trench are clearest. The words visualize the fighting hosts rallying from hill and glen, city and hamlet, to recover the lost palladium of men's rights and liberties. They catch out of the converging souls of millions the spirit and the will to give all, if need be, to restore to Christen dom its priceless boons. They enjoin mothers, wives and sisters to hold back their tears when home ties are breaking, when the flag goes by and when drums beat the measures of the forward march. They adjure that the threnodies of aching hearts be lost in the strains of cheery songs. They offer this balm for sorrow, this gird to courage, this spur to hope, this incentive to prayer: There's a silver lining Through the dark cloud shining Turn the dark cloud inside out till the boys come home. They may not be words of a bard snspired, but they have the magic that touches chords common to human breasts. They go home to rich and poor, to the learned and the dolt, to the sinner and the saint, in a time when the very air is surcharged with longing and alarm. "Keep the home fires burning." The American people answered the appeal a little while ago when they gave their scores of millions to the Red Cross, the Y. M. C. A., the Knights of Columbus and the Y. W. C. A. The mission ers of these agencies are tending the fires and keeping them ablaze in camp and trench. The army of civilians hundreds and thou sands of miles back of the lines is vigilant to see that they slial' not go out where the Lares hold communion. It costs heavily in money to stoke the fires, but the return in manhood and woman hoo dis worth more than all the money in the world. "Keep the home fires burning." Unless that great thing be done, winning of the war will be no better than the losing of it would be. The play of American kr.i~ ting needles is to the rhythm and the spirit of Mrs. Fords song. Every fold of a bandage is love's answer to the sentiment.^ E\eiy tender ministration for a soldier's wife or mother or babe is a con fession of faith that the weal of homeless unforgettably back of the fight for honor and justice and humanity. A bomb has silenced the lips of the singer, but it has not muted the song. The war is crippling the sons of mothers far and wide, but the mothers of America, like those of England, are bravely re solved to "Keep the home fires burning." WASTE THAT EVERY WOMAN" SHOULD PREVENT Keeping quality is of vital impor tance in these days of high costs, and low supply of food products. 1 No matter how high the quality of an article purchased, if it lacks keep|is ing quality it represents so much cer tain wastc?^ This is noticeably t.r.ue of Bakinsr Powders. A Baking Powder that is effected by time or climatic condi tions—one thdt deteriorates is bound to cause bake day loss. Such a powder not only necessitates usin? larger amounts but invites failure throueh its uncertainty. These powders should be avoided. No matter how big a quantity you obtain-^-no matter how cheap they may seem because of low price they are expensive as they waste in materials many times more than saving of cost. Calumet Bak- WILLISTON, WILLIAMS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 1918. $1.50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE ing Powder is a quality Baking powder with the greatest of keeping quality, It retains its wonderful leaving power regardless of how long it may stand on your pantry shelf. You use but a level teaspoonful when the can first opened and you continue to use the same amount to the last spoon ful. This means economy in Baking Powder—and what "is more important it means economy in bakings. Its moderate price combined with su perior quality and dependability marks the greatest of buying econ omy. You save when you buy it. You save when you use it. And yon r.ave the materials it is used with. Its economy, purity and unapproach ed keeping quality keeps millions of women buying Calumet in preference to anv anil all other brands. Subscribe for the Graphic. Fairmount, Minn., March 15—Judge C. M. Tifft, sitting at the trial of A. C. Townley, president of the Nation al Nonpartisan league, and Joseph Gilbert, state secretary of that or ganization, charged with conspiracy to obstruct the selective draft, over ruled the demurrer asked by the at torneys for the defendants and cer tified the case to the state supreme court at the opening of court this morning. Judge Tifft yesterday heard the ar= guments on the demurrer and made known his decision overruling the request of the attorneys for the de fense. Arguments on the demurrer con sumed practically all of yesterday's court session. Arthur Le Sueur at I torney and executive secretary of the league, spoke for three hours in sup I port of the demurrer and County Committee Plans A Rural Express I HIGHWAYS TRANSPORT COM MITTEE PLANS TO BRING FARMS ANI) CITIES CLOSER Washington, March 15.—Consider ing the shortage of foodstuffs the greatest problem of the near future, the Highways Transport Committee, headed by Roy Chapin, has worked out a plan for rural express service from farms to cities wherever prac tical. The committee has made a spe cial study of the conditions in Mary land and surrounding Washington and is arranging for rural express to pro vide transportation of food for the new 100,000 inhabitants of the Capi tal. A national survey has been car ried on in co-operation with the De partment of Agriculture and the Food Administration. Questionnaires have been sent to farmers and to operators of rural express systems in Mary land and nearby, resulting in impor tant replies. A blue print hanging in the office of Mr. Chapin shows the complete chart of the service in Maryland, displaying the truck routes from Washington to Germantown, Latonville, Redland and Ashton, op erating an aggregate of 93 miles, using seven trucks, making a total daily mileage of '286 TOWNLEY AND GILBERT HAVE TO STAND TRIAL IN MINNESOTA miles. Out of Baltimore there are fourteen such routes, aggregating 1192 miles daily. The good roads of Maryland are one of the factors that stimulated the ser vice there. Maryland has 1500 miles of good roads, of which 300 miles are used for rural express. Better Roads Wanted The questionnaires sent out result ed in urgent requests by the farmers for better roads. Many stated they would go out of business if they do not have better roads to help them get their produce to market. The re plies also showed that the trucks not only haul the goods to market buc aid to bring other merchandise back to the farmers from the city merchants. As an example of the work done, one man operating rural service brings 400 gal. of milk and cream daily to Washington. Recently he aho haul ed 827 bu. of wheat to Rockville, Mr. He hauled 200 bbl. of corn from the field to Washington in seven days. His hauls include eggs, poultry, fiuit, potatoes, and calves, and on his return trip he takes coal and other mer chandise back from the city to the farmer. One farmer near Baltimore reported that in addition to his reg ular route service the«operator in his district also handled for him 100 live hogs, 200 live sheep and 800 bu. wheat and brought back to the farm 190 tons of fertilizer, 80 tons of lime, 65 tons of building sand and 70 tons of coal. One reply showing the importance of the rural express system from a farmer who stated that "without the trucks it would take a man and a pair of horses vo days to make the trip to Washington and back that is now done in 3 hr. with the truck." Another reply was to Jthe effect that, "I favor the rural express sys tem because labor is scarce and the people in this neighborhood would I have to jro out of the dairy business without the rural express service, as the railroad station is 5 miles away over a dirt road and the train is due there at 7 a. m." Mr. Chapin, discussing the situa tion, reported: "Mr. Hoover refers to corn and potatoes rotting because they cannot be moved. Tours thru Maryland show exactly that condi tion because farmers cannot get their produce to railroad stations for ship ment." The Maryland rural express sys tems are regulated by the public ser vice commission. The state hicrhway commissioner of Maryland and the (Continued on page 16) Pages 9 to 16 Atty. A. R. Allen, an hour and a half against it. Answering assertions of Le Sueur that the league, its officers and litera ture are thoroughly loyal, the county attorney declared that the resolutions adopted by the organization at the La Follette meeting in St. Paul last fall "reek with treason" and that to argue that they are patriotic "stulti fies the good judgment of the court." Mr. Allen objected to a request of the league attorneys to the court that in the event that the demurrer is overruled to certify the case to the supreme court without letting it go to the jury. He called this a plan to delay a decision until next fall or later while the doctrines are further spread throughout the state. President Townley issued the fol lowing personal statement yesterday in reply to the recent criticism of Governor Burnquist on the league, and its acts: "Statements made by Governor Burnquist in reply to an invitation of the Nonpartisan league to address its convention to be held in St. Paul this month must be disappointing to thousands of his friends and Jto the farmers and organized labor of the state. Governor Burnquist has lower ed the dignity of his office by stoop ing to the tactics of the ordinary politician. His letter to the Non partisan league is a slap in the face and direct insult to over 10,000 or ganized farmers and their friends in Minnesota and 50,000 members of organized labor in the cities of the state. "Such an attack and such an atti tude would be much more becoming on the part of a czar or king than from the chief executive of the state of Minnesota, who was elected by the people. "Charges of disloyalty hurled at the organized farmers and workers of this state are too ridiculous to de mand denial. Their subscriptions to the Liberty Loan, the Red Cross and other war relief agencies are well known. The farmers, short-handed, as they are, are now preparing to work harder than ever and raise greater crops to feed the United States and its allies and support their own sons who have gone 'over there.' "A large part of Governor Burn quist's letter dealt with matters fa miliar to North Dakota farmers who have asserted their voice in the gov ernment of that state.- Attacks by politicians are an old story to the farmers, who are becoming acquaint ed with attacks in this state also. "The invitation to Governor Burn quist to address the league conven tion was sent in the interests of har mony. While the Nonpartisan league may differ politically with Governor Burnquist, the differences are only political, and the govarnor was in vited with the idea of prosecution of the war, which is our chief concern now. I regret that the governor ut terly refuses to co-operate." The Future of The Motorcycle Nick Held, Harley Davidson Dealer, Gives Ideas of Motorcycles Future "There are several reasons why we may expect the motorcycle industry in this country to receive a great im petus during the next few years. In the first place there is probably no other means of transportation that will carry a single person over a given distance at the same low cost as the dependable little two-wheeler. Its high fuel economy is bound to prove a factor of increasing impor tance as the fuel situation becomes more critical. Aside from this the motorcycle affords a chance to save on tires and on general upkeep. We are now being exhorted from all sides to practice economy, and the chances are that before long circum stances will impose economy on a great many of us. Pleasure riding may be curtailed ,but the country's industrial activities will be acceler ated, and this means, among other things, an increased need foV quick individual transportation." DRILL FOR OIL New England, N. D., March 15.— The work of organizing for the pur pose of obtaining a charter and in corporating for a sufficient sum to finance and develop the new oil field in this section of the state, is going on rapidly. There is considerable enthusiasm among, farmers and bus iness men of New England as to the possibility of big oil reservoirs around here. Several leases have been made and test wells will be sunk at once.