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Today $1.50 per year in advance HOT 6ET AWAY FROM THE OKE CROP SYSTEM LOANS NOT MADE TO FARMERS BY LAND BANK UNLESS HAVE MILCH COWS AND STOCK A letter was received this week from E. G. Quamme President of the Federal Land Bank at St. Paul by Ernest Francis Sec. and Treasurer of the Williston National Farm Loan Association relative to the require ments that must be met in order to procure a loan from this bank. Pres. Quamme has just returned from Washington, D. C., where he was in conference with officials there and helped in procuring the sum of $5, 000,000 for the farmers in the drought stricken districts of the country. Mr. Quamme writes the local association as follows: Due to repeated crop failures caus ed by drought and otherwise, the economic condition of the farmers in North Dakota at the present time is very unfavorable. A great many of the farmers have been farming at a loss for several years. This condi tion is especially true in the west half of the state. It therefore behooves us and the farm loan associations in these affected areas to be very care ful in our work. We must pay the interest on the bonds semi-annually, promptly on the day the interest is due. In order to do this, the farmers must pay their interest semi-annually, promptly when it is due. To assure this, a farmer must be in such condition that he can produce enough from his farm to sup port his family and his amortization payments, interests and taxes, to gether with other incidental expen ses that he has. The repeated crop failures in the state of North Dakota have demonstrated the fact that the only way a farmer can assure him self an income insuflicien to meet these requirements is to practice crop rotation and the growing of live stock. There are many grasses and feed -•.crops of various kinds that will grow in the state of -North Dakota which can be depended upon in periods of drought as well as in normal years. Farmers must turn their attention to the raising of live-tock and keeping milch cows on the farm-, and center their farming operations around this system of farming. This will give them a dependable income. They can then also raise some grain in their regular crop rotation and assure them selves a grain crop practically every year. Such crops as wheat and oats, following corn, will do very well even in a dry year. What the farmers must get away from is the one crop system of farm ing, namely the raising of wheat. Western North Dakota, especially, is in a semi-arid district and is not suit able to wheat farming except Under very favorable conditions. Much of the land should be sowed to hay and feed and various grasses for pasture, thus reducing the number of horses kept on the farm. Hereafter you will pay strict at tention to this, as we will only enter tain applications from farmers who have -shown by their farming opera tions in the past that they have a de pendable income, and they must have live-stock and dairy cows to assure this for the future. We are not only interested in securing absolutely safe loans for the bank alone, but we wish to protect the farm loan associations so that every loan in a given associa tion will be good and that none will become a burden upon the associa tion as such. In this every member of the farm loan association is inter ested with us and they must not, here after, approve a loan and recommend it to us unless the man has cattle, especially milch cows on the farm and centers his farming operations around the industry of live-stock growing. All loans that do not com ply with these requirements will be rejected by us because we do not con sider them safe loans. We would kindly ask you to im mediately notify every member of your farm loan association of the contents of this letter so that they may be informed of the attitude which this bank will take with respect to loans in their association hereafter. This information should also be made general by the members of the farm loan associations so that prospective applicants may understand our posi tion and your position in this mat ter and they will therefore be able to comply with these requirements be fore making application for a loan from this institution. You will undrstand that this rul ing is not only to protect us and the farm loan association, but it is for the best interests of the farmers them selves, for in this manner they will make their farming operations a safe and dependable enterprise, thus pro viding the necessities and comforts for their families and assuring them selves of the steady progress of de velopment towards financial indepen- Twenty Two Men Leave August 28th. Twentytwo men will entrain from Williston on the 28th of this month for Camp Lewis. The date first set for these men to leave was the 29th. of the month but later orders from headquarters has set the date for the 28th. Farewell services will be held at the Armory for these men on the evening of the 28th. at 8:30. It is hoped that a large attendance will be at this meeting to send the boys on their way. Those who leave on this date are as follows: Ellsworth Temple, Manitawoc, Wis. Jay J. Smith, Borksdale, Wise. Bar rett Easley, Montana Nelson A. Teeter, Kennan, Wise. Ray Much, Breckinridge, Minn. Lewis Benson, Emmono, Minn. Eddie Sagedal, Will mar, Minn. Carl Y. Berg, Williston, N. D. Robert W. Burns, Wiliston, N. D. Olof Sand, Hamlet Olaf Trovatten, Palamo, N. D. Peter A. Meyer, Gre nora, N. D. Eddie S. Nelson, Ray, N. D. Sigurd J. Hellandsaas, Ray, N. D. Gustaf Mortenson, Epping, N. D. Michael E. Waren, Buford, N. D. El mer E. Cecil, Williston August Nas ner, Williston Leslie Ray, Williston Carl H. Harried, Spring Brook, N. D. Ole T. Olson, Temple Andred Martinson, McGregor Alf W. Olsen, Alamo Bernt C. Strand, Hamlet Wade E. Judd, Harris, Sack., Can ada. Four Men Leave Here August 30th. Four men leave Williston on Aug ust 30th. for Camp Dodge, Iowa. These men come under the special limited call for special training. Those to leave on this date are: Emil Hel berg, McGregor, N. D. Herbert Laske, Tioga, N. D. Iver Svare,. Wildrose, N. D., and Robert J. Bell of Portal, N. D. fflW lEIOtSMKM IHEIHIHEl CANNING DEMONSTRATION TO BE GIGVEN TO WOMEN OF WIL LISTON—FREE A canning and preserving demon stration will be held next Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday under the auspices of the Womens Council of National Defence in the building just north of the Model Meat Market on Main Street, to which all the women of Williston are invited. There will be no charge connected with the demonstration but the wom en are asked to bring their own fruit jars and fruit *and vegetables that they wish canned. They are also ask ed to furnish a dish pan and dish towel. Two hundred quarts of fruits and vegetables will be canned every afternoon. The town has been divid ed into districts and each district or ward will have its day for the demon stration. The wards and the day each will be handled are as follows: Tues day—3rd. Ward, Wednesday 4th. Ward, Thursday—1st. Ward, Friday— 2nd. Ward. The government urges the canning and preserving of as many vegetables and fruits as possible and this is a splendid opportunity for every house wife in Williston to get her share done and benefit by the demonstra tion. Very Heavy Rain In The Yellowstone This entire section of the country has been visited with two heavy rains within the past week but the one of. last Friday night was the heaviest ever seen in the Yellowstone Valley. They had six and a half inches of rain there in three hours and consid erable damage was done by the floods. The main ditch of the irrigation sys tem was washed out in nine different places and almost every bridge on the wagon road between Sidney and Glendive was washed out. Trainmen working in the yards were wading in water over the Knees. The heavy' rain also visited Alex ander and every basement in that town was filled with water. This caus ed considerable damage especially to merchants who had goods stored in the basement. Alexander is having rather a hard run of luck. First burn ed out and then flooded. dence. This matter is of great im portance and we desire that you give it immediate attention. With kindest personal regards, I am, Very truly yours, E. G. Quamme, President. WSSiston Graphic Our Country! In Her intercourse with foreign nations may She always be right. But our country, right or wrong.—Stephen Decatur. VOL. XXIV, NO. 10. WILLISTON, WILLIAMS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 22, 1918. $1.50 PER YEAR NI ADVANCE EIGHTY MUS Will MM 11919 GENERAB MARCH TELLS HOUSE COMMITTEE VICTORY POS SIBLE NEXT YEAR Washington, Aug. 19. Eighty American divisions of 45,000 men each, General March told the house military committee today, "should be able to bring the war to a successful conclusion in 1919." That is the number the department plans to have in France by next June. General March read an official state ment showing that on August 1 the American army numbered 3,012,112 men, divided as follows: American Expeditionary force and en route overseas, 1,301,742 in the United States and insular possessions 1, 432,706 called in the August draft, 277,664. In addition there are about 15,000 marines serving in the expedi tionary force. For the present it is planned to send 250,000 men month ly to France, General March stated, adding: "But we hope to increase that in the spring." To put 80 divisions of Americans in France before June, 1919, General March emphatically declared: "We will need every single man in class one between 18 and 45. We must not delude ourselves with the idea that those in the 18 and 19 call are going to be deferred any length of time. They will have to be called early next spring in order to get their training in time to get to France." Weigh and Measure Children Monday In compliance with the government order for the weighing and measur ing of all children up to six years of age, the local committee wishes to announce that this work will be car ried on at the Elks home on Monday and Tuesday, August 26th and 27tlt, People are requested to bring their children according to the following schedule: 1st ward, Monday from 9 to 12. 2nd ward, Monday, from 1 to 6. 3rd ward, Tuesday, from 9 to 12. 4th ward, Tuesday, from 1 to 6. All children up to six years must be weighed and measured and parents are requested to bring them accord ing to the hours mentioned. R. C. Melting Pot Started Here The Red Cross Melting Pot for the purpose of collecting all of the old valuable metal in the vicinity was started this week an dthe metal that has been collected so far is now on display at Weatherwax's Jewelry ftore window. The committees in charge wish to have everybody that has any of this metal lying around the house to bring it down to Weather wax's and turn it in on this collection. Every household has a certain amount of this class of junk that has been discarded from use around and it should be to the interests of everyone to see that it is turned in at this time as the money from the sale of this metal goes to the Red Cross and serves a very worthy cause. 5,709 Men For Special Service Washington, Aug. 19.— Eighteen states were called upon by the pro vost general today to furnish 5,709 white draft registrants of grammar school education fit for general mil itary service. The men will entrain Sept. 1. Voluntary enlistments will be accepted until Aug. 26. All of these men will be sent to schools or training centers for in struction for special service for which they are wanted. The calls on the different states and the points to which men are ordered include: In diana, 206, Bloomington, Indiana University North Dakota 206, Grand Forks, North Dakota School of Mines South Dakota 124, South Dakota School of Mines, Rapid City, S. D. E. Munyer's Auto Catches On Fire A Pullman touring car belonging to E. Munyer of this city narrowly escaped being burned Sunday when it caught on fire in front of the Great Northern Hotel on Main Street. An over flooded carburator and an over heated engine started the fire. The oil and grease on the engine quickly caught and would have caused con siderable damage had they not ex tinguished the blaze with a fire ex tinguisher procured at the hotel. Cornielson Not Classed As Slacker Last week we gave an account of the capture here in the city of one who was thought at the time to be a draft evader, who went by the name of Bud Wilson here in Williston but whose right name was Cornielson. Mr. Cornielson had been placed in class five by the draft board of Divide county, and thought that there was little chance of his being called' to service for a while at least. Several notices had been sent him from Divide county but they failed to reach him here and he was ignorant of the fact that he was wanted for service. When examined by the local board he seem ed to be sincere in his statements and willing to enter the service at once. We are glad to be able to cor rect our statements of last week and not have Mr. Cornielson placed on record as a slacker or draft evader. Steel Train Wrecked Friday A long freight train loaded with steel for the ship yard* on the west coast collided with a work train load ed with gravel which was working at the new siding at the stockyards east of town last Friday afternoon. The steel train hit the work train which was just pulling onto the main line from the siding and derailed the engine of the steel train which rolled into the ditch on the north side of the track. Through some changes in the yard limit the engineer of the steel train was not warned of the presence of the work train till he was on top of it and although only going about ten miles per hour was unable to stop his train on account of the enormous weight of the cars of steel. Two of the gravel cars were badly wrecked but did not leave the track. A wrecking crew was summoned from Williston and with the aid of the crew working at the stock yards they soon had the track cleared. The large engine that went in the 4itch didn't seem to be very badly damaged but railroad officials claim 'that by the time they have the en gine back on the track and repaired it will cost them several thousand dollars. No one was hurt in the wreck as all the train men had plent of time to jump before the trains came together. Senator Gallinger Died Saturday Franklin, N. H., Aug. 17.—United States Senator Jacob H. Gallinger, of New Hampshire, died at a hospital here early today. Senator Jacob Harold Gallinger, of New Hampshire, was the oldest mem ber of the United States senate both in years and in point of service. Ever since 1891 he had been a conspicuous figure in the senate, taking not only a leading part in its discussions, but ranking as a dominating figure in its leadership and in the counsels ^of the Republican party. As a minority leader the senator had been active until quite recently, despite his ad vancing years. Making Plans For Tennis Tournament The Williston Tennis and Golf Club has sent out invitations to players in this section of the state, inviting them to take part in a tournament here on August 27th and 28th. The club has three very fine courts and ex pect to give the visitors a couple of good days sport. Among those in vited is State Champion BlatherwiCK and if responses to invitations are what is expected Williston people should have the opportunity of see ing some very good tennis. Alexander, McKenzie county, is planning on having a tournament the 29th and 30th. WEATHER REPORT U. S. Department of Agriculture Local Office, Weather Bureau Charles F. Marvin* Chief Report of the weather condition at Williston, N. Dak., for the week end ing August 21, 1918: Highest temperature 18, 17th. Lowest temperature, 57, 19th. Average temperature, 68 Normal temperature, 68 Precipitation, 3.00 inches. Normal precipitation, .23 of an inch. Extremes of temperature on any of these dates in the last 5 years: Highest temperature, 95, 16, 1917. Lowest temperature, 43, 19, 1914. JOHN CRAIG, Observer. .18 of inch of rain fell since 7 P. M. last night, making total for last week up to this morning 3.18 inches. Former Williston Boy Is Gassed Mr. Harry Weatherwax received a letter from Dwight Wallace formerly of Williston stating that he had been unfortunate enough to run into a bunch of German mustard gass anu was now rapidly recovering in one of the American Red Cross hospitals back of the lines. His letter was written on August 1st. and he stated that he received his dose of German gas on July 15th. He expected to be back in the fight again soon. In com menting on the life in the front line trenches he stated that a fellow need ed a carload of rabbit feet and a stack of bibles for good luck and if a young fellow ever prayed he sure would af ter being in the front line for a while. New Partnership In Law Firm John Murphy and U. L. Burdick entered into partnership in the law business this week and the new firm will be known as Burdick & Murphy. Mr. Burdick has moved his office and is now located in the office of John Murphy formerly the office of Mur phy & Metzger. Ivan Metzger for mer member of the firm left Monday to enter the officers training school at Camp Pike. EDMOND SHEMMORY WILLISTON BOY NOW IN FRANCE WOUNDED BY GERMAN MA CHINE GUN Mr. Wm. H. Shemmory received a letter from his son Edmond this week stating that he was in one of the American base hospitals back of the lines recovering from a machine gun wound which he had received in bat tle some time around the 23rd. or 24th. of July. The letter was written the 25th of July and it is presumed that he was wounded during the early part of the drive of the Germans across the Marne. The bullet hit Edmond above the left knee. He was taken to one of the Red Cross stations and from there to a French hospital from which he was removed to one of the American base hospitals, where he is now re ceiving the best of care. Edmond is member of Co. M. of the 26th in fantry. He states that the only thing he is sorry about is that he will be unable to take part in the fight for some time. (OVEMIEII DID FOR IIFMWERS FARMERS LIVING IN DROUGHT STRICKEN AREA OF COUNTY CAN MAKE LOAN FOR RYE Any farmer wishing to avail him self of the opportunity of Govern ment aid in securing winter rye for fall sowing should send his name and address to the County Agent at Wil liston at once. Application blanks and information pamphlets will be forwarded to his address as soon as these are received from the govern ment.' The local banks will also have blanks for distribution. The drough stricken area will only be considered in this county. The main feature required in the contract by the Government are: that the farmers has no means with which to purchase seed rye this fall, that the property is encumbered to the ex tent that the local bankers will not extend him further credit, that he will agree as a part of his contract to pay into a guaranty fund a sum not to exceed 75 cents per acre. This amount would vary with the yield per acre. No loan will be made to exceed |3.00 per acre and not more than $300.00 will be loaned to any one farmer. Interest will be charged at the rate of 6 per cent and the whole sum will fall due Nov. 1, 1919. No BRITISH MAKE IMPORTANT GAINS, WHILE FRENCHGAIN NEAR NOYJN Haig Springs Surprise Attack and Gains Two to Three Miles Tanks Used French Slowly Advance and Threaten Noyon and Three Valleys This issue 8 pages Latest War News With The British Army In France, Aug. 21.—In the first hour of the of fensive begun this morning by Field Marshal Haig the British troops cap tured the towns of Ablainzeville, Beucourt and Moyenneville. The British attacked on a front of ten miles between Arras and Albert. The attacks extended from the An ere river to Beaucourt, to just north of Moyenneville. Some German field guns and 200 pounders had been taken in the Brit ish drive at an early hour. All the German outposts and posi tions along the important Dran coutre ridge between Koudekot and the Locus Hospico have been attack ed by the British. This front is in the Lys salient. Courcelles and Achiet-le-Petit, also were captured in the British drive. Although prisoners said the Ger mans had been expecting the attack for a week, it was a tactical surprise. Tanks and infantry advanced through the heaviest fire in the gray morn ing light. After a brief "crash" bombard ment the British troops were upon the enemy almost before he knew it. The British attack this morning was between Moyenneville and Beau eourt-sur-Ancre, a distance of about eight and a half miles. It is report ed that the British have advanced from two to three miles along this front. The heavy night mist, increasing to steamlike smoke enabled the Brit ish to reach the points of assembly without the chance of detection. A great concourse of tanks man euvered into position as quickly as possible. Paris, Aug. 21.—The new French attack by General Mangin on a 25 kilometer front threatens, according to the latest reports, the fall of Noy on, which slowly is being outflanked. The attack, while lacking the ele ment of surprise, has overcome the carefully prepared positions of the enemy. On his advanced lines the enemy had a formidable array of ma chine guns, forming a shield for his real line of defense. Thus9 he had two zones of combat. The new Ger man defensive plan has been com pletely undone and enemy has been forced to seek new position for de fense. "The German army has lost its lib erty of action," said Lieutenant Col onel Fabry, military critic of The Paris Oui, "and this plainly has been brought about by the entente high command." The new offensive, it is believed here, will give the French control of the valleys of the Oise, Ailette and Aisne in the quadrilateral of Ribe court, Noyon, Bichancourt and Sois sons. Much territory filled with strong positions, however, is yet to be won. The strategy of General Mangin in first clearing the enemy's shield of machine guns before the big attack, forces the enemy to "rely now on pick ed divisions. Bad Storm Hits Williston Friday night the people of Willis ton witnessed one of the heaviest rain storms that has visited this territory this summer. Over*one inch of rain fell within a very short time and was accompanied by terrific lightning. West of town a few miles the farm ers reported that hail did damage to their corn and other grains that had not been cut. The lightning hit the residence of Sam Hydle here in the city but very little* material damage was done. Hundreds of birds that had gon to roost amongst the large trees around town were killed by the lightning. Under the large cottonwood tree on Metzger's corner were found about seventy-five dead birds thi next morning. tenants are eligible to apply for a loan. The owner of the land must negotiate the loan. To avoid unnecessary delay get busy at once and make your applica tion so that if approved by the local committee it may be sent to the De partment of Agriculture for final ap proval. A certificate will then be forwarded to the farmer so that he may use this in securing his seed. After the seed is planted and the field inspected the money will be advanced through the local banker. Detailed explanation of the condi tions required by the Government will be sent to each applicant.