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Today $1.50 per year in advance VOL. XXIV NO. 17. •MY USES Of Fill IIMUISTM OVER 200 CASES OF INFLUENZA HERE—R. C. AND HEALTH OF FICERS CHECK SPREAD Over 200 cases of the influenza are reported in the city today with pros pects of an increase if care is not taken by everyone to guard against the disease. Most of the cases are light and all patients are receiving the best of care and attention by the city's medical authorities. The schools, churches and threatres have been closed and will remain closed till the epidemic is over. The county chap ter of the Red Cross are working in conjunction with the health officers to stop the spread of the disease and at a committee meeting held this morning at the office of Tho?. F. Craven the following suggestions were drawn up and should be folowed out as near as possible by all people in the county. Face masks have been suggested so if you see a person wearing a mask don't be frightened it is not a burglar but only someone who is guarding against the dreaded disease. In accordance with instructions sent out by F. T. Heffelfinger, Division Manager of the American Red Cross, Minneapolis, Minn., Mr. Thos. F. Craven, Chairman of the Williams County Chapter, appointed the fol lowing committee to act as the Chap ter Committee on Influenza: Miss Bessie R. Baldwin, Dr. M. E. Trainor, Thos. F. Craven, .B. Metzger, Prof. C. E. Blume. It has been requested that the com mittee advise the employment of the following special precautions: 1. All attendants on patients should wear face masks. 2. Patients should not be allowed to leave the premises for five days after the temperature has become normal. 3. Patients during convalescense should wear the face mask for five days after leaving their rooms. 4. Any individual returning from camps, military or naval, is a pos sible source of infection and should be isolated from all except his own household for one week. 5. The local committee should use its utmost endeavor to limit or pre vent unnecessary social gatherings, and to caution against all attendance at indoor places of public amusement. This is not to be interpreted, particu larly in communities where the epi demic has not gained headway, as ad vice to forego attendance on meet ings related in any way to the car rying on of the war. The above has received the sanction of Dr. MacManus, local health offi cer. The following directions have been sent out from Headquarters for making face masks: A. From gauze 36 inches wide, cut 43 inches on the salvage. B. Divide into 4 stripe 9 inches wide. C. Fold each strip into halves, then into thirds, making mask sb: thicknesses of gauze. D. Turn in raw edges and stitch all four sides to hold firm. (Salvatre need not be turned in can be stitch ed on the sewing machine or by hand.) Mask now measures 7 inch es by 8 inches. E. Put three pleats on 7 inch end, lower pleat deeper than the other two, to allow room for chin. F. Attach a tape 12 inchec. long to each of the four corners. (Tape may be 1-4 inch, 1-2 inch or 5-8 inch es wide.) G. Place a black thread in center of mask to designate the outside. Mr. G. B. Metzger, Chairman of the Williston Branch, stated that the local branch would take steps tc sup ply themselves with an emergency supply of face masks in accordance with requests from Headquarters. It is only by following out these care ful precautions that communities may hope to stem the tide of influenza. C. E. Blume, Chairman of Chapter Commit tee on Influenza. Turkish Leader Has Resigned London, Oct. 9.—(Via Montreal.) —Talatt Pasha, the Turkish premier, has resigned and has been succeeded by Tewfik Pasha, former premier and ex-ambassador 3k at London, according to advices received here. Enver Pasha, the minister of war, also has resigned. London, Oct. 9.—The surrender of Turkey within the next 48 hours wil. not surprise well informed quarters in London, The Evening Standard says today. The British authorities, it adds, are in possession of informa tion showing that a process of disin tegration exists in Constantinople. Our Country Committee Makes Financial Report The Women's Committee, Council of National Defense submits the fol lowing financial report: Receipts St. Peters Episcopal Guild, Williston $ 1-50 Claribel Jennison 1.00 Outlook Farmers Club 3.00 Ladies Aid, Trenton 2.00 Sunshine Club, East Fork twp.. 1.50 Lutheran Ladies Aid, Grenora 2.00 Zion Ladies Aid, Marmon 1.50 Norwegian Lutheran Ladies Aid, Ray 1.60 Altar Society, Williston 1.50 Rebecca Lodge, Ray 1.50 Synod Aid, Rock Island Twp., Alamo 1-50 Free Church Aid, Rock Island Twp., Alamo 150 Dorcas Aid Society, Rock Island Twp., Alamo 1.50 Womans Study Club, Rock Island Twp., Alamo 1.50 Lutheran Aid, Ellisville Twp. 1.50 Lutheran Aid, Ellisville Twp... 1.50 M. E. Aid, Williston 1.00 Congregational Aid, Williston 2.50 Eastern Star, Williston 2.00 M. E. Aid, Ray l-r'0 Woman's Civic Club, Grenora.. 1.50 Mrs. Geo. T. Lamphere... 50 Ladies Presbyterian Aid, Tioga ?.00 Echo Rebeckah Lodge, Tioga.. 2.00 Helping Hand Club 2.00 Lutheran Ladies Aid, Wildrose 1.50 Daughters of Norway, Wildrose 3.00 Brotherhood of American Yeo man, Spring Brook 4.00 Womans Civic League, Willis ton 3-09 Royal Neighbors, Ray 1.50 Ladies Lutheran Aid, Whee lock 3.00 Total Receipts $57.00 Expenditures Mrs. M. A. Hegge, stamps and envelopes $ 3.25 Mrs. M. Trainor, Gasoline 2.00 The Williston Herald 65 Mrs. Fred L. Conklin, buttons 1.00 Mrs. M. A. Hegge, stamps, sta tionery, telephone 6.03 Mrs. G. M. Holland, canning demonstration 5.70 Mrs. E. W. Blaisdell, postage.. 1.69 Mrs. C. Ellithorpe, postage 1.00 IHrs. "Frances Miller, weighing and measuring 1-50 Total Expenditures $22.82 Balance on hand Oct. 7, 1918....$34.18 Martha P. Tatem, mm Treasurer. PRESIDENT REFUSES TO (MIT ARMISTICE A S S IF E N A O W E S WANT TO ACCEPT TERMS LAID DOWN IN HIS ADDRESS The text of the communication to the charges d'affairs of Switzerland here follows: Sir: "I have the honor of acknowledging on the behalf of the President your note of Oct. 4, enclosing the commu nication from the German govern ment to the President and I am in structed by the President to request you to make the following communi cation to the Imperial chancellor. "Before making reply to the re quest of the Imperial German gov ernment and in order that the repiy shall be as candid and straightfor ward as the momentous interests in volved require, the President of the United States deems it necessary to assure himself of the exact meaning of the note of the imperial chan cellor. Does the imperial chancellor mean that the imperial government accepts the terms laid down by the President in his address to the cong ress of the United States on the eighth of January last and in sub sequent addresses and that its ob ejct in entering into discussions would be only to agree upon the practical details of their application?" Part Two "The President feels bound to say with regard to the suggestion of an armistice that he would not feel at liberty to propose a cessation of arms to the governments with which the government of the United States is associated against the Central Power.-* so long as the armies of those pow ers are upon their soils the good faith of any discussion would mani festly depend upon the consent of the Central Powers immediately to withdraw their forces everywhere from invaded territory. "The President also feels that he is justified in asking whether the imperial chancellor is speaking mere ly for the constituted authorities of the empire who have so far conduct ed the war. He deems the answer to these questions vital from every point of view. "Accept Sir, the renewed assur ances of my high consideration, "Robert Lansing." w?J!iston Graphic DIES WHILE II CHIP ANOTHER WILLIAMS COUNTY SOLDIER SUCCUMBS TO PNEU MONIA—DIES IN GEORGIA The funeral of Martin A. Tofte, one of the Williams county draft boys, who left here September fifth was held at the home of his father Wednesday afternoon. The services were conducted by Rev. Nat wick and were in charge of a detail of the Wil liston Home Guard in command of Captains Newell and Jeffries. Private Tofte was sent from Wil liston to Camp Grant and after three weeks there was transfered to Camp Hancock, Georgia. He was taekn sick on the train to camp. This sick ness developed into pneumonia an after an illness of only five days he died October 3rd. His remains were shipped back from Camp Hancock in charge of a corporal, arriving at Spring Brook Tuesday. Mr. Tofte was one of a family of seven children. Surviving him are his father, Mr. Mathias S. Tofte ant? mother Mrs. Annie Tofte, six brothers and one sister, all living at the fam ily home fifteen miles northwest oi Spring Brook in the Dublin township. The news of Private Tofte's death was quite a shock to the community in which he lievd, and the parents and family have the sympathy of a large host of friends who grieve with them in the loss of their son. Night School Starts Nov. 1st At a meeting of the Board of Edu cation, Tuesday evening, the plans for a night school as submitted by Supt. Blume, were endorsed. It was voted to set aside $250 for this pur pose, which with an equal amount contributed by the state, will make a fund of $500 for the night school. It is planned to start November 1 and continue for sixteen weeks, or until about March 1, three evenings each week, from 8 until 10. No tui tion will be charged—the instruction will be free. Any person not already enrolled in the schools, may enroll for the night school work. The members of the faculty for the night school have not all been select ed as yet. Mr. H. K. Brown, of the Science department in the Senior High School, will act as Principal. The courses as now planned will in clude the following: 1. A course in Citizenship. This will be designed to meet the need of the foreigner who desires a better knowledge of the English language, our government and traditions. The government furnished each person en rolled for this course a text book free of charge. 2. Commercial. Typewriting and Shorthand and bookkeeping will be offered and such other courses as may be requested. An excellent oppor tunity for those who cannot attend school because of necessary employ ment. 3. Radio. This course has proved quite popular with the young men about to enter military service. 4. French. An opportunity to ac quire a knowledge of French for those who are expecting to enter war ser vice. 5. Domestic Science. This will in clude work in cooking and sewing. The national government is calling upon the schools of the country to establish night schools and thus ex tend the^ educational facilities. In keeping with this progressive re quest, the Williston schools will con tribute their best efforts. It was also voted to endorse the proposed new course of study for the Junior High School and the plan to install the supervised study in the Junior High School next semester, as outlined by Supt. Blume. The super vised study plan will be tried out in the Junior High School next semester with a view to extending its adop tion in the Senior High School next year. As soon as Supt. Blume ha3 completed the details, his report to the Board will be published. Wildrose Boy Reported Missing The casualty list this week con tained the name of Bennie Benson of Wildrose as missing in action. It is probable that he has been captured by the Germans. R. C. Sewing Rooms Closed On Monday The Red Cross sewing rooms will hereafter be closed on Monday each week but will be open for workers on all other days of the week includ ing Saturday. Mrs. E. Hanyen, Chairman. i„ Her intorcoura* wl th foreign nations m»y She be right. But our country, right or wrong.-Stephen Decatur. WILLI STON, WILLIAMS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1918. ». TOITE Comments On Spanish Flu Spanish Influenza, Russian Influenza, Lagrippe, Catarrhal Fever, Three Day Fever, and Flu, are one and the same thing. The misunderstanding in re gard to the virulency of tha disease is a mult the habit of calling every thing Ln Grippe since the epidemic of 1889 and 1890, since which date with the exception of mild epidemic which occurred in 1893, there has been no real La Grippe in the United States and the mistake, is in calling everything in the nature of a cold, La Grippe, the same as saying that every infection is Blood Poison. It is misleading and is calculated to put fear into the patient, thus counter acting many of the good things medi cal treatment might otherwise do. The infection acts in four ways through the lungs, stomach and bowels, the neivous system, and the fourth is a tvphoidal condition. There are exceedingly few deaths from Influenza alone. Death is near ly always the result of some com plication, chief of which is broncho pneumonia. There are many corn pli cations of milder importance which should always be considered well be fore arising from the sick bed. For instance, the heart, being a muscle, is weakened greatly, same as any other muscle and great care should be exercised not to overtax once the acute sysptoms have disappeared. Deafness and dizziness from middle ear disease, meningitis, and brain abscess sometimes follow influenzal infection. Care should be especially vigilant in the very young and the aged, as they are the most tender periods of life, being much more liable to give way before the inroads of infection. The best way to avoid contracting the disease is by avoiding all con tact with other people as far as pos sible during the passage of an epi demic. With the exception of the attendants, visiting is highly undesir able and thoughtful people will en deavor to restrain themselves in this respect. Sick people do not need it and the community is far better off without it. Keep in the open air as much as possible, meantime, main taining the functions of the bowels aVhV skin by methods which you find most expedient. Fear is a shock and shock lowers the vitality, thus placing the body in a more receptive condition and much less ability to combat the disease Therefore, do not fear or worry over it. Keep the house well aired and the premises clean. As flies are the greatest dissmeinators of disease, do not feed them and they will not gath er around your house. Every out house or cess-pool should be treated with chloride of lime. All decaying vegetation and other filth should be removed from the premises. Health Commissioner. 300 Sweaters But No Yarn Yet The Williams county chapter of the Red Cross has been called on to make 300 sweaters before the first of November but up to the present date they have been unable to procure yarn enough to make, this amount.. Head quarters here in Williston have been looking for a shipment of yarn every day and expect it here at most any time. THIS WEEKS WEDDINGS At the Lutheran Parsonage 512 2nd Ave. East Saturday evening at 7 o'clock, occurred the marriage of Mr. Bernhard Amundson and Miss Anna .Johnson, Rev. C. J. Ferster officiating. The bride is a daughter of Mr-, and Mrs. Anton Johnson of Marmon, N. D. The groom is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Amundson of Starbuck, Minn. These estimable young peo ple, after a short visit with friends and relatives in Minnesota, will make their home in Wildrose where the groom is employed by the Amundson Hardware Firm. They have the best wishes of a host of friends. The marriage of Mr. Simon E. Iverson and Miss Hulda Hagen was solemnized at the Lutheran parsonage Saturday evening at 8 P. M. Rev. C. J. Ferster officiating. They were accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Harry Arnold of Epping. The bride is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ole E. Hagen of Underwood, Minn., and the past year has been in the employ of the Wittenberg Hos pital where by her faithful and effi cient service she has endeared herself to all. The groom is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Iverson of Dalton, Minn., and is a successful business man of Grenora, being employed in the Hagan Bro. and Hatling Meat Market and Grocery. Their many friends extend congratulations. Miss A. Mattson of Mirot visited with friends in Williston the first of this week. The State Tax Commission is hold ing a hearing at the Court House upon the assessment of moneys and credits in Williams County. H. H. Steele, a member of the Commission and A. W. Carlson, Field Agent, be ing present at the hearing. It appears that the object of this meeting, which is one of the many hearings being held in the different counties of the state, is for the pur pose of putting into effect a new "Money and Credit" law which was passed by the last session of the legislature and which became effective for the first time upon the 1918 as sessment. It is the intention of the Tax Com mission to see that every tax-payer in the state who can be reached be required to make a return as required by the law. In 1917 the total amount of asssess ed valuation of money and credits was but a million and a half dollars, while under the new law there has already been placed upon the tax rolls an addition to this amount of over one hundred million dollars. The larger percentage of the rev enue secured under the new law goes to the benefit of the township, city or county where the property is situated. The position taken by the Tax Commission is that all property under the Statute should be return ed for assessment and if it is so re turned there will be a more equal dis tribution of the cost of government. The Tax Commission finds a friend ly feeling in Williston and Williams County in regard to making returns. The only question raised is that they may feel assured that all are making full returns. O. E. Selander of Reserve, Mont., was a business visitor here tiie first of this week. mm ion MUU) IE USELESS SENATE VOICES OPINION OF COUNTRY—ONLY PEACE COM PLETE SURRENDER Washington, Oct. 7.— Discussing Germany's peace offer in the senate today, Senator Hitchcock of Nebras ka, chairman of the foreign relations committee, declared "absolutely ab horrent" even a thought of suspen sion of hostilities now and recom mended the addition to the principles laid down by the president as a basis for peace, one providing that the al lies would deal only with real repre sentatives o(f the German people. Republican Leader Lodge, ranking minority member of the foreign re lations committee, declared that an armistice would mean "the loss of the war and all we have fought for." Germany, he said, now merely pro poses a long debate on the basis of peace. Senator Poindexter declared an ar mistice would mean the end of all military action and, if accompanied only by enemy evacuation of Belgium and France, would be a victory for Germany. Acceptance of Germany's offer only upon evacuation of Belgium and France, Senator Hitchcock said, would be preposterous, but he declar ed restoration of Alsace-Lorraine to France, as well as reparation for Bel gium and France, are among the President's terms which Germany proposes to accept. Senator Poindexter said the senate foreign relations committee should seek consultation on any negotiations entered into by the government and that the country should be warned against the insidiousness of publish ed suggestions that an armistice be agreed to upon withdrawal of Ger many from occupied territory. Senator McCumber of North Da kota announced that he had prepared a resolution designed to insure pres ervation of the functions of the sen ate. The only future course, Senator Lodge emphatically declared, is to se cure a complete military victory over Germany and force her to sue for peace. Subscribe for the Graphic. FALL OF CAMBRAI COMPLETES BREAK OF HIN0ENBUR6 DEFENSE ALLIES NOW IN OPEN COUNTRY BEATING BACK THE HUN THOUSANDS OF PRISONER STAKEN--AMERICANS TAKE THREE BATTERIES :B Tax Commission Having Hearing This issue 8 pages Latest War News $1.50 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE London, Oct. 9.—The city of Cam brai has been captured by the Brit ish. Here and elsewhere 8,000 pris oners were taken in yesterday's fight ing. Field Marshal Haig announced the capture of the long resisting German stronghold in his official statement to day. Last night additional progress was made east of Sequehart and toward Bohain and Maretz. South of Cambrai the British cap tured Forenville and reached the western outskirts of Walincourt. The attack this morning was on the front of the third and fourth armies and began at 5:20 o'clock. The Anglo-American attack was resumed this morning on the entire front south of Cambrai. Rapid prog ress was being made. Heavy Fighting AH Night With the Anglo-American Armies Near St. Quentin, Oct. 9.—Heavy fighting continued throughout the night on the Cambrai-St. Quentin front and the British and Americans continued their progress of Tuesday under a heavy protective fire from the British artillery. The defeated enemy was almost smothered under the great deluge of steel and explos ives. A large number of guns have been captured by the British and Ameri cans in addition to the batches of prisoners which continue to arrive at the cages. The American troops alone captured two complete field batteries and a battery of heavy ar tillery. The Americans captured these guns Tuesday afternoon when they suddenly outflanked both ends of the valley south of Premont, capturing the German guns there. German reinforcements have ar rived but as they are troops which have been engaged several times re cently their presence merely adds to the confusion in the enemy ranks. Paris, Oct. 9.—The Hindenburg line no longer bars the path of the allies. The definite rupture of it was achieved on the first day of the fighting in the new development to wards the north of the great battle now raging from the Escaut to the Meuse. To Anglo-Saxon forces went the honor of storming the last rem nants of the extraordinary maze of defenses, in some places twelve miles in depth, between Cambrai and St. Quentin. Apart from this achievement the results of the day's fighting were notable in that the enemy's losses must have run into tens of thousands of men during the day's fighting in the various sectors of the long bat tle front. In addition important strategic objects were attained. The allies now are in the open country on the Cambrai-St. Quentin front and are threatening Bohain. an important junction of roads and railways. Co. E. Boy Killed In Action Reports reached Williston this week that Joseph C. Burnham who left here with Co. E had been killed in action in France After reaching France Joseph was transferred to another company. The news of his death was wired to his brother. Mr. Burnham was well known in Willis ton and spent many years here in the city working at the barber trade be fore he joined the army. Schools and Theatres Closed This Week The public schools, theatres and churches of Williston were closed the first of the week by an order from the health department on account of" the Spanish Influenza of which there are a number of cases here in the city and the surrounding country. City Health Officer Dr. MacManus stated this morning that these places would probably remain closed at least another week or until the epidemic has made its run. Many of the eases here in town and in the country near by are very mild and due to the fact that the health officers took the sit uation in hand at the first report of a case of the disease there has been very little spread of the disease. Mr. Farmer if you have poultry and vegetables to sell, try a want adv. in the Graphic. You will be sur prised at the results one will bring.