Newspaper Page Text
P»ge Two fey! #F® Leghorns Produce Eggs Cheaper Leghorns produce eggs cheaper than hens of the general-purpose breed— Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes, Rhode Island Reds, and Orpingtons. This fact, which confirms the belief and ex perience of commercial poultry farm ers, was one of the results obtained in a rather extensive feeding test conducted by poultrymen of the Uni ted States Department of Agricul ture. Because they lay as many or more eggs, eat only about 55 pounds of feed per head, as compared with 70 to 85 pounds eaten by the gen eral-purpose breeds, and because their egg yield very materially exceeds that of generol-purpose breeds dur in|g their second and third laying years, Leghorns, the specialists say, undoubtedly are more profitable to keep for the production of eggs only. Average Weight of Eggs The Leghorns produce smaller eggs than the general-purpose breeds. The average weight of the eggs of a pen of Leghorns during the first laying year was 1.42 pounds per dozen as against 1.53 to 1.58 pounds for the other pens. However, Leg horns laying eggs weighing 1.50 lbs. per dozen or even more,,the special ists say, have been selected and bred toy many poultrymen. An examina tion in May, 1915, of 500 eggs from three Leghorn pens showed that 31 per cent weighed more than 2 ounces Graphic Farm Bureau Published for the benefit of our farm friends Questions will be answered in this column for any farmers who may ask us anything pertaining to live stock, grain or poultry. Address all communications to Farm Editor, care of Graphic. No Knife Than 'Its BUde In tractor plowing the tractor fur nishes only pulling power. The plow applies that power—it makes the seed beds. And seed beds on your farm are the source of your profits. For profitable tractor plowing you need, above everything else, the best tractor plow you can get. Because You Need the Best, We Sell the Best Aiid because you need the best, it's up to ut to sell the best. We feel that we couldn't afford to do otherwise. For the success of our business depends upon the degree of satis faction that you get from the implements that you buy from us. We sell John Deere Tractor Plows simply because we believe every customer who buys one of them from us will get more and better service from it than he could get from any other tractor plow. Like John Deere Walk ing Plows and Riding Plows—favorites among farmers everywhere for many years— John Deere Tractor Plows prove their extra value in actual use. Makes a Good Tractor Pay A John Deere Tractor Plow in your fields repeats its first great value to you year after year. It continues to make better seed beds. Its use means repeated plow profits for you instead of repeated plow investments by you. Its seed-bed making service makes a good tractor pay. Williston, each, or 1.50 pounds to the dozen. The value per dozen of the eggs produced by the Leghorns was from 1 to 3 cents less each year than the eggs of general-purpose hens. This difference is due to the fact that the general-purpose breeds are better winter layers than the Leghorns, while the latter give a higher pro duction in the spring and summer. Very few Leghorns become breedy, which probably materially affects their egg yield, as compared with the general-purpose breeds. Better fer tility in the eggs, especially with stock confined to the yards, is moro often secured with Leghorns than with the general-purpose or any of the heavier breeds. KEEP BEEF SCRAP FOR WINTER EGGS Many farmers, in feeding their birds, overlook the fact that beef scrap, fish scrap, or some similar feed is very essential during the win ter months if a good supply of eggs is to be obtained. A convenient method of feeding beef scrap is in a mash made of three parts corn meal and one part each of wheat bran, wheat middlings, and beef scrap. Skimmed milk or buttermilk may be used in place of the beef or fish scrap, but if the supply is limited some scrap also should be fed. Satisfy The Cow's Appetite The problems involved in winter Is ft V-iTJat, E£m JOHNfcDEEEE TRACTOR PLOWS 2-* /n Ma Ttoja r4n«i Is A WILLISTON GRAPHIC Many Roots Supply Succulence The chief function of roots in cat tle feeding is to supply a succulent feed. Under general farm conditions the quantity of nutrients grown per acre in root crops is small in com parison to the cost of production. These root crops, however, can be preserved during the winter equally well whether large or small quanti ties are fed each day, and therefore have special application when only a few cows are to be fed. Of the different root crops, mangel-wurzels furnish the greatest yield per acre. Other kinds of beets and turnips and carrots may be used. Turnips, however, should be fed after milk ing rather than before, as they cause a bad flavor in the products if fed immediately before milking. Carrots impart a desirable color to the milk. Finding Good Ground Water Good ground water is the ideal sup ply for farms, according to Farm ers' Bulletin 941, "Water Systems for Farm Homes," recently issued by the United States Department of Ag HELPFUL HINTS FOR THE THRIFTY FARMER feeding are usually distinctly differ ent from those of summer feeding. Pasture (or green feed), usually the basis of ^ummer feeding, is not available. Broadly speaking, there are two factors involved in this prob lem, first to satisfy the needs of the cow and, second, to suit the pocket ook. The cow must have an ample supply of feed of a palatable nature, and this feed must be supplied at a price which will permit a profit on the feeding operation. Outfit Wow Saves Time, Labor awl Upkeep John Deere Tractor Plow in your fields saves time, labor, fuel and plow upkeep. You operate it from the tractor seat. It re quires little or no attention as you drive down the field. Its extra-quality bottoms scour perfectly. Its extra clearance prevents clog ging. In turning at the end of the field, a slight pull on the trip rope causes the power ful power lift to raise the bottoms high and level. Because of the location of the axles, the bottoms, when lowered, reach full depth in stantly and stay in the ground. Perfect bal ance and superior bottom qualities make the plow extremely light draft fuel-saving. There are no chains or sprockets to cause trouble. Every part is as strong as the best of material and workmanship can make it. Use It With Any Standard Tractor You can use a John Deere Tractor Plow successfully with any standard tractor. 'If your tractor is small, get the No. 5, carrying two or three bottoms. If your tractor is of the larger type, get the No. 6, carrying three or four bottoms. See Us for Your Tractor Plow Drop In the next time you are in town and see us about a tractor plow. And, remember, we have in stock all kinds of other imple ments for your inspection—the kind that will help you get bigger and better crops this year. Williston Implement W. H. BANGS, Proprietor riculture. Any farmer about to put down a deep or expensive well, and who is uncertain of the depth and the quan tity or quality of the water likely to be encountered, should describe ful ly the location and conditions of his project to national or State geologi cal authorities and ask for advice. Times without number, wells have been sunk to great depths in the be lief that eventually a plentiful sup ply would be reached, only to find that water was not there, or that it was unfit for use, or that a mere hole or sump had been created which served but to drain water from rela tively near the surface. There is no short cut and no better guide in this matter than information as to the kind, thickness, porosity, and dip of the strata of the region and of the re sults obtained in neighboring wells, study of the land slopes and character of the vegetation, and examination for evidences of seeps and springs. Regarding the use of a forked wil low, hazel, or peach stick for locat ing underground water, it can be said safely the method is without merit, although so-called forked-stick ar tists from their experience and ob servation of surface conditions usual ly are better able to judge of the probabilities of ground' water than is the average person not thus train ed. So, also, there is little to rec ommend certain patented automatic water finders which are based upon the possible, but largely conjectural, proposition that electrical exchang es between the earth and atmosphere are strongly in the vicinity of sub terranean waters. If The Rabbits Eat Your Alfalfa -Even rabbits know a good thing when they see it. U. S. Ebner of the Extension Division, N. D. Agri cultural College, in charge of the Rodent Extension work, reports that rabbits will travel considerable dis tances to feed on alfalfa. They pre fer the fresh shoots and dig down into the crowns which damages the plant. B. B. Bobb of Haynes, N. D., solved the rabbit trouble for alfalfa in rows by plowing a furrow over the alfalfa row. In the spring, he smooths this down by cross harrow ing. Have Your Seeds Tested For 1919 A big crop is needed this year for (Supplying! the worlds needs'.. The first important thing is to have good seed. A Seed Stocks Committee has been organizted at the North Da kota Agricultural College to find out where good seed can be secured, and to make up lists so that the farmer who needs to buy seed 'will know where he can secure the best. Any one having seed for sale, should no tify the .County Agent, the Seed Stocks Committee, or the Pure Seed Laboratory at the Agricultural Col lege.. A sample of the seed (1-2 pound) for inspection and test Bhould also be sent. A big service was ren dered in this way last year. USES OF DAIRY PRODUCTS TIMELY RECEIPTS, ETC.— SAVE THESE Realizing that increased knowledge of the value of milk as a food and ways to use it more extensively in the diet will help to meet the war time food situation, the management of the National Dairy Show at Co lumbus requested, the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Education, Food Administration and Children's Special 5 Percent Discount For Early Delivery We are able to offer a very special discount of five per cent before March 8th on 10-20 TITAN & MOGUL KEROSENE TRACTORS This discount figures as follows: Titan $61.25 Mogul $56.25 This offer is for cash before March 8th and positively ex pires on that date. These Tractors are sold under an iron-clad guarantee to operate successfully at full rated horse power using kerosene as fuel. Repeated official tests have proven that breaking five inches-deep and stubble plowing eight inches deep can be done? with the 10-20 TITAN and MOGUL at costs ranging be tween 38c and 55c per acre, depending on the conditions pre vailing. You cannot do that with horses. Come to the Free Tractor School at the Lyric Theatre FRIDAY and SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28 and MARCH 1 School Sessions Morning and Afternoon IIH any North Dakota Thursday, February 20, 1919. Bureau to install an exhibit covering these points. This exhibit, supple menting 4he work of the children's year, proved to be one popular with the crowds. Graphic exhibits showing the value of milk were in the booths, while hourly demonstrations were given, with lectures dwelling on the fact that milk is essential to the diet The cheapness of milk as a food compared with other staple foods was constant lp impressed. One quart of milk is equal in fuel value for the day's work or play to any one of the following animal foods: 3-4 lb. lean beef, 8 eggs, 3 pounds fresh codfish, 2 lbs. chicken, 4-5 lb. pork loin, 3-5 lb. ham, 3 pts. oysters. Appetizing recipes in which milk formed the basis were put together before the crowds by the demonstra tors in the booths. Below are some of them: Corn .Chowder 1 can corn, 4 cups potatoes cut in 3-4 in. slices, 1 1-2 in. cube fat salt pork, 1 sliced onion, 4 cups scalded milk, 8 common crackers, 3 table spoons butter, Salt and pepper. Baked Rarebit 1 lb. soft, mild cheese, 1 3-4 tea spoon salt, 1-3 teaspoon paprika, 2 cups butter, 1 1-2 cup milk, 2 1-2 cups stale bread crumbs, 3 eggs. Oyster Rarebit 1 cup dysters, 2 tablespoons butter, 1-2 lb. soft, mild cheese cut in small pieces, Few grains capenne, 1-4 tea spoon salt, 2 eggs. Stuffed Prune Salad Use large.prunes which have been steamed and pitted.. Fill cavity with cream or cottage cheese. Sprinkle with finely chopped nuts. Serve on lettuce leaves with mayonnaise. Cottage Cheese Loaf 1 cup cooked rice (dry and flaky), 1 cup cottage cheese, 1-2 cup ground peanuts, 1 cup bread crumbs or (Continued on page 7) m*,..