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WILSON AND MARSHALL Leaders of Nation. PARADE BIG FEATURE Surpassed in Many Respects Any Previous Inaugu ral Speciacie. Washington, March 4.—In the pres ,ence of the biggest crowd that ever 'packed and jammed itself into the 'great plaza at the east end of the Capitol, surrounded by high civil and military dignitaries, diplomats and statesmen of his own and foreign countries, Woodrow Wilson today ^took tbe oath of office that made him 'the twenty-eighth president of the United States. Less than an hour before, with sol emn ceremonial, Thomas R. Marshall, the vice president elect, had been in ducted into his office in the senate chamber before the members of both houses. Somewhat earlier still Presi tfent Taft, the president and vice :president elect, with their respective guaTds of honor, the Essex troop of Newark, N. J., and the Culver Black Horse troop of Indiana, had swept down Pennsylvania avenue on their way to the Capitol betwen row on row of cheering, shouting thousands. Crowds Gatner Early. Soon after daybreak this morning the crowds began to gather along Pennsylvania avenue and in front of the great platform that had been erected for the inaugural exercises at PRESIDENT WILSON. the eastern end of the Capitol. Ixmg before noon every available inch of space was taken. As the august procession, which precedes the inauguaral ceremony filed out of the Capitol and wound its way across the platform a hush fell over the crowd. Mechanically many uncovered their heads. The sergeants-at-arms of the senate and house, followed by the marshal of the District of Columbia, made up the vanguard of the procession of high dignitaries. Behind these last came Chief Justice Edward D. White of the supreme court, whose duty it was to administer the oath of office to the president elect, and the associate Justices, followed by the committee on arrangements. Then came the president and the president elect, and at their rear a distinguished following of ambassa dors, governors and other dignitaries. Chief Justice Administers Oath. When the procession paused every ear strained attention to catch the wocds that would usher into the chair of Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln the first Democrat to gain that high place in a score of years. Solemnly and distinctly, though imost of the waiting thousands hang ing on the event of his words could not even see the motion of his lips, the chief justice administered the «ath of office to the president elect. An instant the waiting host stood si lent. Then it became a shrieking, leap ing mob, roaring a pandemoniac welcome to the nation's new execu tive and all but smothering the salut ing cannon which tirst gave notice •tiiat a new president had been inaugu rated and a new administration begun. ite|B00n.as quiet was restored Presi dent Wilton delivered his brief inau cyqthedtoess UfendCMfcly after the address wu THlL 3. Takes O^t.i President c' 1 :'.rd Si finished President Wilson, accompanied by the ex-president, hastened to the Pennsylvania avenue side of the Capi tol, where carriages awaited to take the party to the luncheon in the execu tive mansion. All along their route up Pennsylva nia avenue the old and the new presi dents were greeted tumultuously. At the executive mansion the two were met by Mrs. Taft. who hitherto had taken no part in the day's cere monies, and a subcommittee of the of ficial reception committee. President Wilson also saw for the first time since early today Mrs. Wilson and their three daughters, who had been under the escort of special military aids dur ing the ceremonies at the Capitol. There was a brief exchange of com pliments between Mrs. Wilson and Mrs. Taft, in which the latter grace fully turned over the suzerainty that had been hers for the past four years to the new mistress of the White House. Soon afterward Mr. and Mrs. Taft quietly left through a rear en trance to take the 3:05 train from the Union station for Augusta, Ga. Here they will spend several weeks before going to New Haven, where Mr. Taft will take up his work as professor of law in Yale university. The Great Parade. Next to the great event, so essential to the rest of today's celebration, the great military and civic pageant this afternoon held the public's interest. Considered purely from a spectacular viewpoint, it was not only by far the biggest feature of the inauguration, but in many respects surpassed any thing that Washington has seen in a long series of inaugural spectacles. The first grand division of the pa rade was composed of the fegular naval and military forces, the West Point cadets and the middies from Annapolis. Xext in line came the mil itia division, including cadets from various military schools of the coun try. The third division was made up of the veterans of the Grand Army and several other patriotic organizations. Civic organizations, mostly political, led the fourth grand division, which included a band of Indians, students from Princeton university and other college men. THE INAUGURAL ADDRESS Outlines President Wilson Briefly Changes Needed. Washington, March 4.--President Wilson's inaugural address parativelv brief. He referred to the greatness of the nation and the mag nitude of our industries, but declared we have not hitherto stopped thought fully enough to count the human cost, the cost of lives snuffed out, of ener gies overtaxed and broken, the fear ful physical and spiritual cost to the men and women and children upon whom the dead weight and burden of it all has fallen pitilessly the years through. was com- Speaking of existing conditions that, in his opinion, ^hould be changed, President Wilson included the follow ing as the chief items: A tariff which cuts us off from our proper part in the commerce of the world, violates the just principles of taxation and makes the government a facile instrument in the hands of pri vate interests a banking and curren cy system based upon the necessity of the government to sell its bonds fifty years ago and perfectly adapted to con centrating cash and restricting cred its an industrial system which, take it on all sides, financial as well as ad ministrative, holds .:apital in leading Strings, restricts the liberties and limits the opportunities of labor and exploits without renewing or conserv ing the natural resouices of the coun try a body of agricultural activities never yet given the efficiency of great business undertakings or served as it should be through the instrumentality of science taken directly to the farm or afforded the facilities of credit best suited to its practical needs water courses undeveloped, waste places un reclaimed, forests (intended, fast dis appearing without prospect of renewal. HAS LARGE PLUM TREE JO SK'."E President Wilson Will Make Many Appointments. TAFT'S NOMINATIONS FAIL Senate Refuses to Confirm Over Four teen Hundred Names Sent in by Retiring Executive. Washington. March 4.—To Presi dent Wilson will fall the task of fill ing more than i.400 places made va cant by the refusal of the senate to confirm appointments by President Taft since Dec. 2. The places that became vacant with the adjournment of congress include practically all ap pointments outside of the diplomatic service, the army, navy, marine corps and allied services. Many important positions are in volved in the list. Among them are those of Edgar E. Clark, interstate commerce commissioner Dr. C. P. Xeill,commissioner of labor the three commissioners of the District of Co lumbia the nine members of the new commission on industrial relations Christian S. Pearce, to be assistant treasurer of the United States W. W. Warwick, to be assistant comp troller of the treasury Walter F. Frear, governor of Hawaii Ernest A. Mott-Smith, secretary of Hawaii, and the executive council of Porto Rico. Federal attorneys in five districts. United States marshals in six dis tricts, more than fifty consular ap pointments and many collectors of customs, surveyors of customs and registers and receivers of land offices also failed of confirmation. The largest list of vacancies comes from the list of postmasters. While President Taft sent in more than 1,350 postoffice Appointments less than a dozen of them were confirmed. QUASH BATHTUB INDICTMENT Wickersham Kills Pending Charge Against Alleged Trust. Detroit, March 1.—Attorney General Wickersham has notified the local dis trict attorney to quash the pending indictment against the members of the so called bathtub trust, who were recently convicted of criminal con spiracy in restraint of trader The pending indictment is also a criminal one, charging combination In restraint of trade. A few days ago several of the de fendants filed a bill for a new trial, but Thursday they announced they would make no further protest against their sentences, which ranged in fines from $1 to $1,000, if the second indict ment were dropped. DOCTORS HALT FRIEDMANN Must Test His Cure Before Medical Society. New York, March 4.—Instead of opening offices here as he had planned Dr. F. F. Friedmann, the young Ger man physician, has decided to test his alleged tuberculosis cure before the New York County Medical society be fore he attempts any treatment of pa tients. This course was decided on after a conference with officers of the society, who informed him that, such a step would be. necessary if he desired to obtain a license to practice. A meeting of the board of censors of the society is to be held shortly to make arrangements for a test of the "cure." TWO LABOR LEADERS FREED Olaf Tveitmoe and Peter Smith Or dered Liberated From Prison. Chicago. March 2.—Olaf Tveitmoe, San Francisco, and Peter Smith, San Francisco, imprisoned dynamite con spirators, were ordered liberated from the federal penitentiary at Fort Leav enworth following approval of their bonds. Tveitmoe's was $60,000 and Smith's $40,000. FOUR KNOWN TO BE DEAD Score of Bodies May Lie in Omaha Hotel Ruins. Omaha, March 1.—A score of bodies are believed to lie beneath the debris of the fire which destroyed the Dewey hotel. Four persons, three men and one woman are known to have been killed. NINE THOUSAND ARE OUT Boston Shirtwaist and Dressmaking Operatives Strike. Boston, March 1.—Shirtwaist and dressmaking operatives here struck for an increase in wages and shorter working hours. Union officials claim that 125 shops are affected and that 9,000 workers are out. TURKEYIN HANDS OF POWERS Asks That Peace Be Concluded Ad vantageously as Possible. Ixjndon, March 2. -Turkey has un reservedly placed herself in the hands of the 10 tiro pea powers with a re quest to conclude peace as advan tageously as possible for her. THE COURIER-DEMOCRAT. THURSDAY. MARCH 6. 1913. CAPTAIN A. H. R0STR0N. Carpathia's Captain Receives Medal From President Taft. fe- Am. 191 3 "itlnn. SAVED TITANIC SURVIVORS Congressional Medal Presented to Cap tain Rostron. Washington, March 2.—Captain A. H. Rostron, commander of the steam ship Carpathia when she rescued the survivors of the Titanic, received from President Taft the medal of honor awarded by congress, the highest gift it can bestow upon a civilian. Am bassador Bryce and other notables at tended the presentation. PASSES BILL OVER PRESIDENT'S VETO Congress Overrides Executive on Webb Measure. Washington, March 2.—By a vote of 244 to 95 the house repassed over President Taft's veto the Webb bill, prohibiting shipments of intoxicating liquors into "dry" states. The senate passed it over the veto and the bill now becomes law. Only one other time in the last fif teen years has congress overridden a president's veto. That was when the Rainy river dam bill was passed over President Roosevelt's disapproval. :H 13 MA tR( 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 rso 25 26 27 28 29 GRAIN AND PROVISION PRICES South St. Paul Live Stock. South St. Paul, March 3.—Cattle— Steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org $email@example.com calves, cows and heifers, $firstname.lastname@example.org feed ers, $4.r0@7.F0. Hogs—$email@example.com. Sheep—Lambs, $4.50#8.00 wethers, $4.25#5.7F ewes, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Duluth Wheat and Flax. Duluth, March 3.—Wheat—To ar rive and on track—No. 1 hard, 86%® 86%c Xo. 2 Northern, 81%@84%c May, 87%@87%c July, 89%(fi)99%c. Flax—On track, $1.28%(0)1.28% to arrive. $1.28% May, $1.30 July, $1.31%. Chicago Grain and Provisions. Chicago, March 3.—Wheat—May, 92%c July, 91c Sept., 89%#89%c. Corn—May, r»3(fts3%c July, 54 54%c Sept., 55c. Oats—May, 34% 34%c July, 34%c Sept.. 34%c. Pork —May, $20.22 July, $20.00. Butter Creameries, 28@35%c. Eggs—14(fj)20c. Poultry—Turkeys, 21c chickens, 14%c springs, 16c. Chicago Live Stock. Chicago. March 3.—Cattle—Beeves, $email@example.com Texas steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org Western steers, $email@example.com stockers and feeders, $firstname.lastname@example.org cows and heifers, $3.25©7.50 calves, $7.00@10. 50. Hogs—Light, $email@example.com mixed, $firstname.lastname@example.org heavy, $email@example.com rough, $firstname.lastname@example.org pigs, $email@example.com. Sheep Native, $F).25?i|6.8r yearlings, $ti.75Si 7.90 lambs, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Minneapolis Grain. Minneapolis, March 3.—Wheat— May, 87 %c July, 89%&)89%c. Cash close on track: No. 1 hard, 87%c No. 1 Northern, 8ti/4 ®87%c to arrive, 8G%?f8G%c No. 2 Northern, 84%® Sfi^c No. 3 Northern. 82%(jj)83'4c No. 3 yellow corn, 4."»i?/45%c No. 4 corn, 43% No. 3 white ont.s, 30M.?p31c to arrive, 3)%c No. 3 oats, 28%#29c. hurley, 42©r»fic flax, $1. 29 to arrive, 11.29. IN NORTH DAKOTA News of the V.s From Vari ous Parts oi me State. HOUSE Fl'iDS ESS GUILTY Bends Alleged Agent of Tobacco Com pany to the Bismarck Jail for Two Days. By the adoption of a resolution which was framed by the special prosecuting committee the house ex pressed its convictions of the guilt of B. J. Ness, charged with attempted Bribery. A motion to impose sentence in the form of jail imprisonment ex tending throughout the present term 3f the state legislature was amended to provide imprisonment for two days. The principal witness was Mrs., Emma McKenzie of Fargo, house stenographer, who, it appears, was familiar with the alleged negotiations between Vice President Rice of the American Tobacco company and Ness. Mrs. McKenzie testified to having given Rice advice as to the sentiment of the legislature toward the anti snuff bill. She mentioned Representa tive Twitchell as one of its strong supporters and when she was asked to recommend some one who might influence Twitchell to change his views she recommended Ness. She testified Ness told her he had thirteen or fifteen members lined up, including Twitchell, who would re quire about $1,000. Also that he was in hopes of landing Divet, but he did not know at what price. He said it would take about $10,000 or $15,000 to so "are it with other representatives. UPHOLDS BRIBERY CHARGE Committee Reports Tobacco Agent Was Rightly Accused. The senate committee to investigate charges against B. J. Ness, said to be an American Tobacco company agent, accused of attempting to bribe certain members of the house to vote against the anti-snuff bill, reported ,in effect that the circumstances had been found to be as represented by A. C. Divet, who preferred the charges. RESULTS FROM SEVEN COWS Farmer's Revenue Averages $18 Per Week All Winter. One of the most profitable herds of cows in the state, considering their number, is undoubtedly that of J. F. Stone, a farmer living near Fessen den. According to reports received by the Developmen League press bureau at Grand Forks, Mr. Stone's revenue from seven cows has averaged $18 a week all winter. This profit comes from selling cream at 30 cents a quart. Owing to the fact that the cows are fed only on home grown feeds it is difficult to estimate the cost of feed ing. They are fed on forty pounds of silage a day, ten pounds of ground oats and barley and twelve pounds of millet hay. In addition to the sale of cream thirty pigs were raised on skimmed milk and pasture and are now being fattened on ground feed. This is only one instance where a few cows and pigs have paid a larger return on the investment of time and money than did the big crops of the farm. VALLEY CITY WINS FIGHT Commission Orders Railroad to Estab lish Better Service. Four years of litigation between the citizens of Valley City and the North ern Pacific Railroad company was con summated at. Bismarck, so far as the North Dakota railroad commission is concerned, by the rendering of a de cision In favor of the Valley City peo ple. Three years ago the courts granted the citizens a temporary injunction, the provisions of which are incorpo rated in the railway commission's de cision, which concludes "It is ordered that a train service, equal to the present service, with the additional stops at the low line sta tion of trains equal in importance to trains Numbers 3 and 4, be installed in Valley City by April 15, and that all adequate station building be con structed there by Dec. 1, 1913." Cremated in a Box Car. Luther McCarty was cremated in a box car at Wellsburg. O. T. Jorgen son, his partner, escaped by crawling through a door in the rear end of the car. The men had been painting de pots for the Great Northern on the cutoff between Fargo and Minot and their car was switched at Wellsburg from Viking. .Jorgenson says McCarty started a fire in the stove with gaso line, which ignited the interior of the car. Woman Breaks Liquor Law. Convictions of women violators of the prohibition law in this state are infrequent, but Mrs. Nellie Riley, who operates a hotel at (ieneseo, has been found guilty. She was first arrested two years ago and a signed confession was secured. Prosecution was de ferred on her promise to observe the Irw, hut repeated recent complaints led to to the prosecution on the old charges. She will appeal. TRUCE IN FARGO SCHOOL WAR Friends of Hoover to Win Must Elect Three Members of Board, It is probable that a majority of the Fargo board of education ^ill make no further attempt to secure a suc cessor to Superintendent Hoover until after the election in April. Professor Sidler of Idaho, who was chosen, declined to accept in 'view of the internal dissensions. There are nine members of the board, three retiring annually. Of the three whose terms expire this spring, two are against and one for Mr. Hoo ver. Of the retraining members four are against and two for loover. In order to control the board, Hoover's friends must elect all three members this spring. That, would give them five of the nine members and insure the retention of Mr. Hoover. Should one of the anti-Hoover candidates win it will mean the retirement of the pres ent superintendent. A truce appears to have been ar ranged temporarily, but the election of the three members will be hotly contested, as the citizens of Fargo are strongly divided on the proposition and the friends of Superintendent Hoover contend that he has a majority of the people for him. DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCES State Agitation Results in Nationwide Interest. Scientific development of North Da kota's resources is rapidly becoming a subject of nationwide interest as a result of state agitation. Lignite coal and its utilization was one of the big subjects at the recent gathering of state engineers at Bismarck. The trend of observations on lignite at this con vention was that in the very near fu ture North Dakota lignite will attract large brlquetting interests. Dean E. J. Babcock of ('.rand Forks says that briquettes are admitted to be the equivalent of the best steaming coal and very nearly that of anthracite, and cost less. By-products of coal, includ ing tar, ammonia, sulphate and gaso line, are also very valuable. Utilization of waste flax straw is also attracting attention and there is at the present time a bill before the legislature to appropriate $25,000 for experimental work in the turning of flax Araw into fiber and paper pulp. Millions of tons of this straw whic go up in smoke every fall could be utilized if such process were per fected. W. C. T. U. SELECTS LISBON Next North Dakota State Convention to Be Held in September. Lisbon was chosen by the executive committee of the North Dakota W. C. T. U. as the place for the annual con vention next September. That city's invitation was presented at the 1912 convention held in Devils Lake, but no action was taken at the time. At the annual meeting of the executive committee held in Bismarck the invi tation was renewed and the city suc ceeded In securing the prize. An active season of work was planned by the state committee at its meeting in Bismarsk. W. C. .U. institntes will be conducted in con nection with at least three Chautau quas, those at Devils Lake, Valley City and Tolley. and plans probably will be adopted to include the Mandan Chautauqua. In addition to this work there will be a series of district conventions the latter part of May and .Tune. KILLS SCHOOL BOOK BILL North Dakota House Refuses to Cre ate State Commission. After a heated debate in the lower house at Bismarck a measure cre ating a state text book commission and providing for uniformity of text books was recommended for indefinite postponement. Charges that agents of the American Book company hav£ been going through the state offering bribes to educators and school boards failed to influence the house in favor of the bill. When a bill relating to subjects to be taught in the public schools was considered Representative Hjelmstad declared that the pupils would be bet ter off if they were to study less gram mar, geography, etc., and learn "prac tical" things. TWO DIE IN MINE CAVEI North Dakota Workmen Failed to Erect Supports. Charles Ad kins and James Dahl were killed in a nvine near Reeder when several tons of earth fell on them. A third miner caught in the cavein escaped death. The three miners were stripping a vein of lignite, but neglected to erect timbers to support the overhanging earth. The whole wall of the shaft fell on them. New Secretary For State Fair. Don V. Moore, who was the first secretary of the North Dakota Fair as sociation for Grand Forks, has again been elected secretary to succeeed M. C. Bacheller, who has accepted the treasurership of the Northwestern Trust company. Mr. Moore, familiar as he is with North Dakota conditions, and enthusiastic as he is over the fu ture of the state, is well equipped for the work of conducting the coming state fair, which promises to ecllpsn previous lairs held in the state, both In nixs and wealth of attraction*.