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SORRY CARAVAN REAGHESBORDER Mexican Soldiers and Civilians Present Pitiful Spectacle. EIGHT DAYS GROSSING DESERT Host of Army Officers and Soldiers, With Other Refugees, End Jour ney From Chihuahua. Presidio. Tex., Dec. 9.—The com plete rout of Huerta's federal army in Northern Mexico, with the frantic flight of his generals for safety on the border and the demoralization of the unpaid troops, was established with the arrival at Ojinaga, Mex.. opposite Presidio, of the civilians and soldiers who deserted Chihuahua City. In the remarkable hegira which struggled for eight days over the 185-mile trail through the desert and endured great hardships for want of food and water, were General Salva dor Mercado. Huerta's deposed mili tary governor and commander of the federal troops in the north General Pascual Orozco. Genefttl Antonio Ra jos, General Marcelo Caravao, Gen eral Ynez Salazar and a host of Subordinate officers. They had deserted their posts in fear of General Francisco Villa's rebel army and virtually had surrendered Chihuahua, the state capital and the largest of the far northern cities, to the rebels. Along with them came, burdened with what property they could carry, men, women and children, represent ing some of the richest families in the republic. Their flight with the army was in face of reports that they might expect no mercy should they fall into the hands of the rebels. Luis Terrazas, a wealthy land own er, reputed to own half of the state of Chihuahua, was said to have brought with him a vast fortune in cash, fear ing it might be looted by the rebels if lie remained in the evacuated city. Whether the federal officers and the Idiers would attempt to seek refuge in the United States was not made known on their arrival. Just before the approach of the federals the few rebels in Ojinaga. who were greatly outnumbered by the advancing fed erals, left their garrison and retreated to the field. FRENCH CABINET IS FORMED Radicals and Socialists Are Given Portfolios. Paris, Dec. 9.—Senator Gaston Dou mergue formed a cabinet whose mem bership includes Radicals, Radical Socialists and Socialists, he himself being a Radical-Socialist. The cabinet follows: Premier and minister of foreign affairs, Gaston Doumergue minister of interior, Rene Renouldt justice, Bienvenu Martin war, Joseph J. B. E. Noulens marine, Ernest Monis finance, Joseph Cail laux public instruction, Rene Vi viani public works, Fernand David commerce, Louis J. Malvy colonies, Albert F. Lebrun agriculture, Mau rice Raynoud labor, Albert Metin. ULSTERITES HIDING ARMS Order Prohibiting Importation of Guns Causes Alarm. Belfast, Dec. 8.—The greatest ex citement has been created among the rank and file of the Ulster Unionists by the royal proclamation prohibiting the importation of arms and ammu nition into Ireland. During the night large quantities of rifles, bayonets and munitions of war were moved from Belfast to country towns in automobiles for fear the gov ernment authorities might put the Irish crimes act into force and seize the war stores already collected. MORE IMMIGRANTS ARRIVE Increase During October of 25,840 Over Month Last Year. Washington, Dec. 8.—There were admitted to the United States 134,140 immigrant aliens in October this year, according to statistics just issued by the bureau of immigration of the de partment of labor. This is an increase of 25,840 over the same month last year, when 108, 300 were admitted. The number ad mitted, however, was nearly double that of October, 1911, when 69,418 immigrant aliens entered this coun try. TRAIN WRECK IN R0UMANIA One Hundred Persons Killed or In jured. Bucharest, Dec. 8.—News reached this city that 100 persons had been killed or injured in a collision be tween a passenger and a freight train near Costesti, southwest of Bucharest, near the Danube. Wilson Turns Down Suffragists. Washington, Dec. !).—President Wil son told delegation from the Nation ul American Woman's Suffrage ubbo elation thai lie favored standing committee iu the house of representa tives but he dunled their request that be send special Message tu ongr«*« apou tkto reform. COLONEL GAILLARD. Labors in Canal Construc tion Undermined Health. COLONEL GAILLARD IS DEAD Directed the Engineering Work in Culebra Cut. Baltimore, Dec. 6.—Lieutenant Colo nel David Du Bose Gaillard, U. S. A., who directed the engineering work in the Culebra cut division of the Pana ma canal, died at Johns Hopkins hos pital here. Colonel Gaillard had been a patient at the hospital since Aug. 17 last, suf fering from a growth in the head, the result of seven years' arduous labor in the tropical climate of the canal zone. He is survived by his widow and a son. Lieutenant David P. Gaillard, U. S. A. Both were at the bedside when the end came. SUFFERING FOLLOWS STORM IN COLORADO Men and Women Frozen to Death and Others Starving. Denver, Dec. 9.—The real serious ness of the great Colorado- snow storm has come as an aftermath. From the mountains come reports of men and women frozen to death and others starving. The bodies of the dead lie in their mountain cabins for lack of ability of undertakers to reach them and the sick and starving are compelled to go without relief. In Denver forty bodies of dead, vic tims of exposure in many cases, in others old age and disease, lie unem balmed in their homes. Thus far it has been impossible for undertakers to get hearses to the outlying dis tricts. The two big cemeteries here are isolated. It was announced that there would not be a funeral in Den ver for ten days. The snow in Denver is banked from six to ten feet high along the curb ings. The streets have been partly cleaned in the business section, but in the residential districts they are still covered with from three to four feet of snow. FORTY-SIX PERISH IN MARINE DISASTER. Stockholm, Dec. 6.—Forty- H* six lives were lost by the *J* foundering of the Swedish steamer Malmberget off Bodo, Norway The steamer left Narvik, Norway, Nov. 27 for Rotterdam. The Malmberget *5* was of 3,903 tons. 4* 4- 4- 4* 4" 4"3' UPHOLDS WEBB-KENY0N ACT Federal Judge Bean Rules Liquor Law Is Constitutional. Portland, Ore., Dec. 9.—In a de cision United States District Judge Bean upheld the Webb-Kenyon act re lating to the interstate shipment of intoxicating liquor into dry territory as constitutional. The statute prohib its the shipment of liquor from an other state into dry territory. TWENTY THOUSAND MEN OUT 8trike in South Wales Coal District Develops Rapidly. London, Dec. 0.—Nearly 20,000 min ers In South Wales are idle through the Hpread of the Great Westorn rail way strike. The strike originated throimh the dismissal of uii engine driver and although it was not au thorized by the union the movement lilltf developed rapidly. FOuM.iTHS OF DEADNE6R0ES Number ot Casualties in Texas Floods Reaches 150. THIRTY-MILE LEVEE BREAKS Greatest Loss of Life Occurs Near Bryan, Where Brazos River De stroys Its Embankment. Houston, Tex., Dec. 9.—The number of known dead in the flood which has spread* over the lowlands in half a dozen counties in South Central Tex as has reached 150, with several thou sand refugees, marooned in half flood ed cotton gins and dwelling housse*. safe from the water for the time be ing, but suffering from hunger and exposure. Four-fifths of the dead are negro farm hands. Of the dead the greater number lost tlieir lives in the vicinity The trouble broke without warning when about twenty shots were fired into the home of Thomas Daly, board ing house proprietor. Harry and Arthur James of Toron to, sleeping on the third floor, were instantly killed. Thomas Daly re ceived wounds which caused his death some hours later and Mary Nicholson, aged eighteen years, was wounded in the shoulder. She will recover. ADMIRAL NILES STRICKEN Retired Naval Officer Drops Dead in New York City. New York, Dec. 9.—Kossuth Niles, rear admiral, U. S. N., retired, died suddenly in a bookstore in the shop ping district. His home was at Win sted, Conn. He was born in Belleville, 111., in 1849 and was graduated from the naval academy in 1869. He was appointed to Annapolis after having served in a volunteer Illinois regi ment in the Civil war. In 108 he was In command of the battleship Louis iana in a cruise around the world. He retired in June, 1911. MRS. PANKHURST IS WEAK Militant Suffragette Reaches London in Bad Shape. London, Dec. 9.—Militant suffra gettes gathered in force to welcome Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst on he/- ar rival from Exeter. Although an ambulance and a stretcher were taken to the station they were not needed as Mrs. Pank hurst was able to alight from the train with the assistance of a nurse and another companion. She looked very weak and made her way with tottering steps from the train to a carriage. V0TETHIRTEEN HOUR SESSION Republicans Aid Democrats to Adopt Long Day Program. Washington, Dec. 8.—Democratic Benate leaders, with the aid of ten Republican votes, succeeded in forc ing a program of thirteen-hour daily sessions for the currency bill. Two hours' recess from 6 to 8 o'clock in the evening will be the only break in the daily work from 10 o'clock in the morning until 11 o'clock at night. NAVAL HOLIDAY IS URGED House Passes Resolution for Co-oper ation With Churchill. Washington. IJe\ Hy un over whelming vote th« house passed the Hensley resolution requesting Presi dent Wilson, ho far uh possible with regitrd for the Interests ol the Unit ed Slates, to co-operate with the sug gestion of Winston Churchill, lord of the nritlrth admiralty, for mi Interna tloitul ouval holiday of one year. THE COURIER-DEMOCRAT, THURSDAY. DECEMBER 11, 1913. of Bryan, where a thirty-five mile stfetch of levee along the Brazos river crumbled. The Brazos crest destroy ed a dam near Richmond and flooded a state prison farm. The prisoners had been removed. Hempstead, in Waller county, re ported twenty drowned and others missing. Reports from half a dozen other towns in Waller and adjoining counties advanced the total fatalities to 150. The San Felipe section of Austin county received a shipment of motor boats from Houston and sever al hundred refugees were removed to safety. The great danger is freezing and starvation. For the second successive night ice was forecast over the thirty mile district around Bryan, where 1,800 persons, mostly negroes, are marooned with little food or fire. Texas cities responded liberally to appeals for money and supplies, Hous ton raising $8,000. SIX SUSPECTS UNDER ARREST Three Persons Fatally Shot at Calu met, Mich. Calumet, Mich., Dec. 9.—Investiga tion of the fatal shooting of three per sons here is under way. Six persons have been arrested. One of them is reported to have confessed, implicat ing the other five. CARDINAL 0REGLIA. Dean o' Sacred College Dies at Advanced Age. CARDINAL 0REGLIA IS DEAD Was Created Member of Sacred Col lege by Pope Pius IX. Rome, Dec. S.—Cardinal Luigi Oreg lia, dean of the sacred college, died here of pneumonia. He was eighty five years ol dand the only surviving cardinal created by Pope Pius IX. Luigi Oreglia Di Santo Stefano was head of the cardinal dishops, or dean of the sacred college. He was born at Bene Vagienna, diocese of Mon dovi, on July/9, 1828. He was created and proclaimed a cardinal by Pope Pius IX. on Dec. 22, 1873. He was bishop of Ostia and Velletti, arch chancellor of the Roman university, and prefect of the congregation of ceremonies. STEFFANSSON LOSES VESSEL IN ARGTIO Message From Explorer Indi cates Party Is Safe. Ottawa, Ont., Dec. 9.—Somewhere within the confines of the Arctic cir cle drifts Vilhjalmir Steffansson's staunch little vessel, the Karluk, safe ly frozen in an ice pack. But the leader of the expedition is not with his vessel and is unaware of its whereabouts, according to a dispatch received from the explorer himself by George J. Desbarats, deputy minister of naval affairs. Steffansson's message says that be lieving the Karluk safe in the ice in longitude west 147, fifteen miles off shore, he took a party ashore with him to hunt. The next day heavy gales sprang up and then a fog. When the weather cleared the Karluk was not in sight and had undoubtedly been carried away by the wind which drove the ice pack off shore. So far the search for the Karluk has been unsuccessful, but as there is a crew of twenty-five men, on board no anxiety is felt for its welfare. GRAIN AND PROVISION PRICES Duluth Wheat and Flax. Duluth, Dec. 9.—Wheat—On track and to arrive, No. 1 hard, 87%c No. 1 Northern, 86%c No. 2 Northern, 84%(?f84'%c. Flax—On track and to arrive, $1.44%. South St. Paul Live Stock. South St. Paul, Dec. 9.—Cattle— Steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org cows and heifers, $email@example.com calves, $firstname.lastname@example.org feed ers, $4.30^7.00. Hogs—$email@example.com. Sheep—Lambs, $firstname.lastname@example.org wethers, $email@example.com: ewes, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Chicago Grain and Provisions. Chicago. Dec. 9.—Wheat—Dec., 88c May, 89%c July, 88%@89c. Corn Dec., 71c May, 70%c July, 69%c. Oats—Dec., 39%c May, 42%c July. 42c. Pork—Jan., $20.02 May, $21.05. Butter—Creameries, 31@33c. Eggs— 30(g)32c. Poultry—Springs, 12%c hens, 13%c turkeys, 13c. Chicago Live Stock. Chicago, Dec. 9.—Cattle—Beeves, S€.email@example.com Texas steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org Western steers, $5.90^/7.75 stockers and feeders, $4.S0(ri 7.05 cows and heifers, $3.30^8.20 calves, $6.50f/) 11.00. Hogs—Light, $7.30(fr)7.85 mix ed, $7.55ra7.!ir: heavy, $7.55@S.00 rough, $7.55tfi7.70 pigs, $5.50(fD7.40. Sheep—Native, $4.00f 5.35 yearlings, $5.30(i: 6.1!5. Minneapolis Grain. Minneapolis, Dec. 9.—Wheat—Dc-. 83%c May K7%5t87%c July, 89'/., Cash closi 'ii track: No. 1 hard, XKr No. 1 Northern, S.5-% (f|JK7',4 to rive, No. 2 Northern, s:: #h.r4c No. 3 Northern, 81%^83'4 No. 3 yellow corn, 04M) corn, No. 3 whlto .•» 38%©3«%c lo urrlve, Np oats, 35U37c hurley, (itKe'lllc fk »!.«»*. IN NORTHDAKOTA News of the Week From Vari ous Parts of the State. STOCK INSPECTOR REMOVED Considerable More Friction Develops on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. The friction on the Standing Rock reservation between officials and In dian traders resulted in the removal of George S. Roberts by the commis sioner of Indian affairs. Mr. Roberts has been the federal inspector of live stock for six years. The position pays $2,000 and perquisites. Some time ago the trouble led to the resignation of Superintendent Hamilton and a few months later to that of his successor, McCabe. Roberts will appeal from the order of the commissioner to the civil ser vice commission on the ground that he cannot be summarily dismissed. It is reported that C. A. Wells is seeking the position and has the in dorsement of many reservation peo ple. URGES LABEL FOR CLOTH Commissioner Says Manufacturers Misrepresent Woolen Goods. Fraudulent practices in the manufac ture and labeling of cloth are exposed by Professor E. P. Ladd, pure food commissioner of North Dakota, in a current bulletin. One sample of cloth, purchased for all wool flannel, was analyzed to con tain two-thirds cotton and one-third wool, while another sample of "wool en cloak goods" was analyzed to con tair 10 per cent cotton, 10 per cent Australian wool and 80 per cent shod dy, says the bulletin. "That this material, 'woolen cloak goods,' might be called 'commercial wool' is true, but manufacturers say that it contains enough cotton, about 10 per cent, to make it wear better, when, as a matter of fact, it contains the cotton to hold the shoddy together, says Professor Ladd. "The public has a right to know the compositions of every article of this character and every piece of cloth should be required to carry a label showing its true com position." LIGNITE OUTPUT GROWING North Dakota Produces Half Million Tons in Year. While the state of North Dakota lays no claim to importance as a mineral producer, yet the state's out put of minerals in 1912 was valued at more than $1,000,000, according to E. W. Parker of the United States geo logical survey. Three-fourths of this amount was the value of the lignite produced and the most of the remain der was the value of the clay prod ucts of the state. The area underlaid by lignite in North Dakota is larger than the total coal area ol' any other state except Illinois and Montana, said Mr. Par ker. The production of 1912 was 499.480 short tons, valued at $765, 105. The value of the clay products increased about 10 per cent, from $210,616 in 1911 to $231,245 in 1912. The total value of the mineral prod ucts was $1,025,741 in 1912 against $957,425 in 1911. WAVE HITS DAKOTA BANKER Lldgerwood Man Hurt While on Board Liner. When the Minneapolis docked at New York after an unusually rough voyage J. H. Movius, a Lidgerwood (N. D.) banker, was taken to St. Luke's hospital suffering from serious injur ies caused by a huge wave that struck him while he was strolling on deck during a gale. Two sailors, who saved Movius from being swept overboard after he had been struck, are in the ship's hos pital with broken ribs and severe scalp wounds. All three were dashed against the bulkhead and lay senseless. Other members of the crew rescued them. Movius has internal injuries and may not recover. Press Association Program. President B. R. Trubshaw of Valley City, Vice President G. D. Coicord of Minot, W. H. Francis of Velva. chair man of the executive committtee, and Will E. Holbein, secretary of the North Dakota Press association, met in Minot and mapped out the pro gram for the winter meeting to be held at Bismarck Jan. 17, 1914. Select Minnesota Instructor. L. G. Macy, formerly connected with the Minnesota Lee-Benson agricultural school, has been elected superintend ent of the agricultural department of the Grafton high school. He suc ceeds E. J. Tropser nnd takes charge of one of the largest agricultural high schools in the state. Pastor Named Chancellor. Following the resignation or C. C. Creegan, president of Fargo college, Dr. .1. M. Walters, pastor of the I'Mrst Methodist church of Fargo, has been chosen chancellor pf the college. The announcement was mode at a inoetlug of the board of trustee*, =E= BULL M00SERS KEEP AWAY Scandinavian Republican League Has Peaceful Meeting. Bull Moosers failed to put in an appearance at the meeting at Grand Forks of the North Dakota Scandina vian Republican league, the advance notice that the Bull Moosers would be barred from participating in the gath ering being successful in heading off the third party men. In resolutions adopted by the league it was maintained that progressive principles could best be attained by support of the progressive Republi cans in the United States senate andi house. In endorsing woman suffrage the league went far from its usual course. The league also approved employ ers' liability, mine and factory safety, farm credits, the state tax commis sion, a reduced legislative member^ ship, the initiative, referendum and.' recall. A. G. Hanson of Fargo is president, Theodore Kaldor of Hillsboro is vice president and A. G. Sorlie of Grand Forks is secretary. NEW FARGO COLLEGE HEAD Board of Trustees Names John W. Hansel. John W. Hansel, former secretary of St. Joseph (Mo.) Y. M. C. A., was elect ed acting president of the Fargo col lege by the board of directors, suc ceeding Dr. C. C. Creegan, resigned, Mr. Hansel came to Fargo several months ago in the capacity of finan cial secretary and vice president of the board. Fargo college plans during the in cumbency of President Hansel will feature an effort to place the institu tion on a firm financial basis by creat ing a satisfactory endowment fund. FORMER TREASURER FACES PRISON TERM North Dakota Supreme Court Upholds Convietion. Former State Treasurer G. L. Bick ford must serve from one to two years in the penitentiary on the charge of embezzlement of $45 from the state, for which he was convicted in the district court at Washburn more than two years ago. This was the decision of the state supreme court, which confirmed the former judgment. Mr. Bickford, it was learned, will petition for a rehearing in the case. He has fifteen days to perfect an ap peal and the prosecution has ten days in which to answer. He is now in the real estate business at Bowbells. The Bickford case was one of the most sensational in the state at the time of its origin. He was arrested during the 1911 session of the state legislature. The trial was begun at Bismarck but was transferred to Washburn on a change of venue and was tried before Judge Crawford. I He was convicted and sentenced, but commitment was suspended pend ing his appeal to the higher court. Bickford was originally charged with the embezzlement of $60,000, but was held on the one indictment of misap propriating $45. STATE COAL PLANT BURNS North Dakota Briquetting Building at Hebron Destroyed. The state briquetting plant at He bron, operated under direction of the State School of Mines, was destroyed by fire. The fire started from un known origin and the entire plant was ablaze'when discovered. Other build ings at the lignite experimental sta tion were saved. The loss is $10,000. Chorus to Visit Norway. The Norrona chorus of Petersburg, made up of about twenty Norwegian singers, will visit Norway next year, participating in the centennial celebra tion. Plans for the trip have been made and it is expected that the full membership will make the tour. The club will first participate in the saen gerfest in Chicago and will sail from New York shortly afterwards. Work Halts Until Spring. Construction work on the Soo line extension from Ambrose to Whitetail, Mont., has been abandoned for the year, but it is understood that the line will be extended sixty miles farther west next spring. During the winter it is expected that the Soo will estab lish a mixed service over the line from Ambrose to Whitetail. Peculiar Auto Accident. When a barbed wire stretched across a roadway caught in his heavy coat while he was driving his automo bile near Valley City, Frank Kiser was lifted from his seat, thrown back over the tonneau and dropped on the ground. The car and other occupants passed sarely under the wire. Riser's injuries were slight. Governor Appoints Minot Man. At the meeting of the State High way association at Fargo it waH an nounced that Governor Manna lias named (J. A. Grow of Minot as a member of the commission. The other two member are the governor Md the state engineer.