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SPRING is HERE The outside attractiveness of yoi home depends a lot on the way it is s* inted, and whether or not you have well kept lawn and garden lot. Paint Up Our hardware department carries a full line of Minne sota paints, the kind that last the longest, whether you want a House Paint, Barn PllRl UN5»LE0 011.4 ^SE^lPAlHlSj •••. itavji •, ^MINNEAPOLIS- paint or whether inside or outside use. Also look over our line of Varnishes and Kalsomines, when you "Paint Up," whether it's the house, the furniture,porch or screens. See our line. TESTS OF WRITING BY LANGDON PUPILS Measurement of Efficiency in Pen manship Applied to Pupils in Our Langdon Schools TESTS SHOWED SPEED Langdon School Kids Evidently Some Ink Splasher But More Likely to Exceed the Speed Limit Than Secure the Blue Rib bon Prize for Legibility and Accuracy (Contributed by Sup't E. W. Kuhnes During the past week the pupils in our schools, the 4th to 8th grades inclusive, were tested in writing. The two important, essentials of penman ship are legibility and speed, and any test that is worth while must include these two items. The method of conducting the test in our school was as follows: It was explained to the pupils that they were to write repeatedly the line "Mary had a little lamb" as well as they could and as rapidly as they could during two minutes. All pupils wrote with pen and ink on ruled paper. When each pupil was ready to write the pens were held in the air. At the signal "ready" all arms came to the desk in a writing position and at the signal "write" all wrote. In each case pupils were cautioned to stop exactly when the word "stop" was pronounced. These samples of writing were scored for speed and for quality. The standard of speed, the njamber of letters written per minute, given in the table below is the tenta tive standard obtained by Professor Starch of the University of Wisconsin fjrom a large number of tests, and the standard of quality are those of the Ayers scale for measuring handwrit ing. Each grade was given a prelimi nary test differing from the real test only in that a new sentence was writ ten in the real test. Table for Speed. Standard Langdon 83 90.8 75 82.1 65 78 57 66 47 50 Table for Quality Grade 8th 7th 6th 5th 4th Grade 8th 7th 6th 5th 4th $rom Standard Langdon 57 57.8 53 55.6 47 40 43 38 2% 32 consideration of theae tables it ia seen thpt tl)e pupils of the GO Cles Up Whether it's a garbage can, whrelbarrow, lawn mower, or garden tools or anything that goes to add to the outside tidy and attractiveness of your home this spring our Hard ware Department is in shape to supply your needs. We sell small hand power Seed Drills, Cultivators and Planters that save time and money and make gardening a pleasure and profit at the same time. Have your home look neat and tidy this spring—it in vites thrift and prosperity! CAVALIER COUNTY IMPLEMENT CO. Dresden Loma Langdon 1 Langdon schools are high as to speed and low a3 to quality. This is due in part to greater emphasis being placed on the part of the instructions "as rapidly as you can and it is quite possible that the western boy's desire to make things go played no small part. A large majority of Doctor Starch's samples were secured from eastern schools. The interesting fact revealed by these tests was not that the pupils in our schools are high in speed of writ ing and low in quality, but the very wide range in the records made by individual pupils of the respective grades in both speed and quality of writing. Roughly speaking, in any one grade the pupils might be divided into three classes: one-third receiving an average in speed and quality that was very near the standard, a second third had an average much above the standard and a third third with an average below the standard. This same condition existed with regard to spelling as indicated by the tests given some time since. In fact one third of the pupils in each grade seemed to be able to do the work of the grade next above while another third was able to do only the work of the grade next below. We do not wish it to be understood that we advo cate promotion on the basis of spelling and penmanship, but such a condition as is revealed by the tests made our schools and schools in other states indicate that there is something vir tually wrong with our present system of grading and promoting pupils. Just what is tiie remedy, we are not, at present, in a position to say. Perhaps the tests in reading that are being given this week may help solve the problem. There is no doubt, however, that a more nearly perfect understand ing of the individual pupil by the teacher will work wonders. The size of our school is such that an almost ideal condition, a complete under standing of pupil by teacher, might be realized through co-operation of par ents and teachers. CLUB WOMEN ATTENTION The "Peace Day" program, which was planned for Tuesday, May 18th, will be given Saturday afternoon, May 15th, instead. Mrs. Mclntyre is hostess for the occasion. Pass the word along, that there-be a good at tendance. Memorial Day Flowers Order your Memorial Day flowers now. My stock of panaies, asters, verbenas, stock and red geraniums is both fine and large. S. F. MERCER, 43-44 Larimore N. D. FATHER OF GEO. WILLIAMS DIES AT HOME IN ENGLAND Dresden Man Learns of the Passing Away of His Aged Parent in English Home Hubert Williams, father of Geo. A. Williams of Dresden, died in Derby, England, at the advanced age of 86 .years. He was born in Ports mouth in Hampshire county, near the Isle of Wight in the south of England, where his boyhood days were spent. In 1853 he entered St. Mark's col lege in London, where he graduated with high honors in 1854. In 1865 he went to Killeleagh Co. Down, Ire land where he married Miss Annie Smith. The three older children, Mary Adele, Walter and George were born there, George being an infant when Mr. Williams returned to Eng land, where he taught school in the village of Orell in Cambridge county, for a number of years. Finding it necessary, with a growing family of boys, to remove to a sphere of greater activities he moved his family to the county of Derbyshire, one of the north midland counties of England and ontinued to teach in the very pictur esque and historical town of Hayfield, noted for the wildness and'grandeur of its rugged scenery where the Pen nine chain of mountains, running from the Scotch border, terminates in the great Kinder Scout from the heights of which the Kinder river falls with a magnificence that attracts thousands of tourists annually. In the spring of 1882 the three older children before mentioned sailed for America of whom George, who is well known in this community, is the only one of the three living in this country, Mary Adele (Mrs. D. Mc Gruer) dying of typhoid fever in Spo kane and Walter of dropsy, the result of rheumatism contracted while work ing in Winnipeg, his death occurring in England, where he had returned in hopes of recovering his health. LANQDON, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, MAY 13. 1915. Mr. Williams at the time of his death was living in the town of Derby and had kept up a correspondence with his son, George, covering a period of over 30 years. He leaves an aged wife and five sons to mourn his loss, of. whom George is in Dresden, N.D., Bert, who came here a few years ago, in Alta, Canada, and'Gilbert, Atheling and Latimer, who reside in the im mediate neighborhood of the old home in*Engand. SARLES COUPLE WED AT WINNIPEG LAST WEEK Nuptials of McLean-McMillan Young Couple DR. J. J. REILLY DIED LAST SUNDAY Well Known Milton Physician and Pioneer Resident of the County Dies of Pneumonia FUNERAL AT LANGDON People of the Entire County Pay a Fitting Last Tribute to the Memory of Milton's Well Known Medical Practitioner Who a Very Swell Affair at Winnipeg An item in last Thursday's issue of the Grand Forks Herald tells of an interesting wedding of a Sarles young couple which occurred at Winnipeg, on Wednesday, May 5th. The parti culars as given in the Herald state that a very pretty wedding was sol emnized at the home of Mr. and Mrs. John Duncan, 62 Pearl street, Winni peg, the contracting parties being George McLean and Miss Tena Mc Millan of Sarles, N. D. The cere mony was performed by Rev. P. B. Thornton of St. Paul's Presbyterian church. The spacious parlors of the Duncan residence were beautifully decorated with cut flowers and a very pretty scheme of the two nations' flags blended into the color scheme beautifully. Mrs. S. K. Hall sang several solos in her usual charactistic style. She was accompanied at the piano by her husband, S. K. Hall. At the conclusion of this, a very sumptu ous dinner was served by Mrs. Dun can. Among the out of town guests were States' Attorney Grimson and Mrs. Grimson of Langdon, N. D. Attorney and Mrs. N. D. Nelson of Munich, N. D., and Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Elves and their little daughter, Viviano, of Sarles, N. D. Mr. and Mrs. McLean left on the Imperial Limited last night for the coast, where they will visit several points of interest. OPERATED ON AT GRAND FORKS Last week Ben Kaercher, of Osna brock, came down to consult A. O. Disbrow in regard to a growth on his jaw bone. After examination Dr. Disbrow decided to take him to Grand Forks for a consultation and examina tion with Dr. Witherstine of that city, who pronounced the case sarcoma and that an operation was necessary to save Mr. Kaercher's life. Jerry Kaercher accompanied them on the trip and remained with his brother until after the operation. He was down again on Tuesday evening of this week and reports his brother as doing nicely under the excellent care of Dr. -Witherstine and the nurses of St. Michael's hospital. His many friends in this community will be pleased to learn that he is on the way to recovery. —Cavalier Chronicle. 1 First Located at Olga Thirty Years Ago. Monday morning the people of Langdon found it hard to believe the news which came in a telegram from Bismarck telling of the death of Dr. J. J. Reilly, the well known Milton physician. Dr. Reilly passed away at eleven o'clock Sunday forenoon, his death resulting from pneumonia which had followed an acute attack of ton silitis during which an abscess had formed in the throat, the breakng of which jresulted in the rapid filling up of the lungs and consequent suffoca tion. He was under the care of a Bismarck doctor from Friday until the time of his death Sunday forenoon, but until within an hour of his pass ing away Doctor Reilly himself did not appear to realize that his condition was in anywise critical as he had been troubled with affectations of the throat on several occasions. The messages, which conveyed to his many Langdon friends and to his brother, W. T. Reilly, and sister, Mrs. J. W. T. Reilly, who conveyed them to MiltfP, arriving there on Tuesday's noon" tr&ln. Yesterday's afternoon train brought the funeral party from Milton to Langdon when the remains were given a final resting place in Calvary cemetery in a grave by the side of his younger brother, Edward F. Reilly, the interment being pre ceded by a brief funeral service at the grave, Kev. Father Thiell officiating, The immediate relatives, the families of W. T. Reilly and J. W. Pratten were accompanied on yesterday's sad journey to Langdon by quite a large concourse of the Milton and Osnabrock friends of Dr. Reilly, who as a medi cal practitioner here since 1885, was known and held in high esteem by all of the older residents of the county A coincidence which is interesting and recalled by an old resident who has known the deceased since first coming to this county is the fact that yester day, May 12th, 1915, the date of the funeral is the thirtieth anniversary of the date when Dr. J. J. Reilly, young man who had just attained his majority first came to Olga and hung out his shingle as an M. D., on May 12th, 1885. In all these years Doc. Reilly had won for himself a friend ship within his wide circle as a medi cal practitioner over the county, who did not desert him in the darker hours which have seemed to gather as clouds over the sky of a bright career as it began to draw to a close. As a man as well as a family physician it can be said that he stood well in his home county. It mattered not if the win ter's blizzard was howling out of doors, or if he knew that a patient were in straightened circumstances financially, Doc. Reilly always stood ready to respond to the call for his professional services and eagerly gave the best of his knowledge and skill to save the life of his fellow man. In fact his practice came first and his financial remuneration was only given secondary consideration. An evidence that Dr. J. J. Reilly is not alone mourned by those who knew him best here in Cavalier county, where he had lived for thirty years is found in the fact that activity at the state peni tentiary at Bismarck was completely suspended at the direction of Warden Talcott during the time that Dr. Reilly's funeral was being held. Not a wheel of the machinery moved and the work of the inmates of that insti tution ceased from the time the funeral party left Milton at noon for Langdon, until their leaving here at three ^o'clock. What better testimony could be offered of the esteem in Which the deceased was held during the two years he had spent there, as the result of a conviction for what there are many who stoutly maintain he w»» innocent The pall bearers at the funeral yes- terday afternoon \yere Senator C. W. Plain, Hon. Chas. A. Olson, Frank Delling, John Wild, Allan McDonald and Co. Com'r Robt. Laing, promi nent Milton townsmen of the deceased. SEVENTEENTH OF MAY 1 W. Pratten, at Milton, the news of the doctor's death were the first intimation received by anyone here that he was otherwise than in his usual health. The messages from Bismarck were sent by Peter Reid, formerly of Langdon, who now holds the position of deputy warden at the state penitentiary. Mr. Reid, who might be termed a life long friend of the doctor, accompanied the remains from Bismarck to Fargo, where he was met by the deceased's brother, rFTPRDATinw AT TftMA °pe CELEBRATION AT LOMA Norway's Day of National Independence Will be Fittingly Observed by Soo Town The Seventeenth of May, which is Monday of next week, is the date of a big celebration to be held at Loma in observance of the anniversary of Nor way's independence. The bills that are out for the event give a program that it is pretty certain will not be missed by many of the residents of the south end of the county. Addresses will be given by prominent Scandinavian speakers from over the state. Lang don is sending over a big crowd of visitors to Loma that day headed by the city band. There will be sports of all kinds, base ball games in the afternoon and a big dance in the evening. All the towns over the county have been billed and if weather conditions permit it is safe to say that Loma will entertain a thousand visi tors from all over the county at its celebration of the Seventeenth of May to be held next Monday. ADDITIONAL LOCAL Eggs bought at top prices in trade at the Stilwell store. Teachers examinations are being conducted this week by Co. Supt. Reher here in Langdon and at Munich. Mrs. H. E. Fay went north to Hannah on Tuesday for a visit of a few days at the home of her parents, Walter Hunter is around on crutches this week as the result of a lame foot from stepping on a nail while out at the farm recently. Langdon's band goes to Loma next Monday to furnish the music for the Soo town's monster celebration of the Seventeenth of May J. J. Robson returned on yester day's passenger from a trip to the stock markets of South St. Paul, to which place he shipped a car of cattle and hogs on Saturday's stock train. Patrick O'Tool, Joseph Faye and William Fahey of Crystal were here yesterday attending the funeral of Dr. Reilly of Milton. All three gentlemen were old family friends of the Reillys down east. Wheat prices have been declining steadily during the week with the result that No. 1 hard had dropped from a dollar and a half a bushel to $1.40, but revived again Tuesday when it jumped up eight cents. The statements of Langdon's two national banks, the First National and Cavalier County National banks, are published in another column of this week's issue of the Courier-Demcorat. Each of the statements show the banks to be in a most excellent finan cial condition. The call statement of May 1st is the third showing of their condition of business made by them during the present year. Mrs. Geo. M. Price of this city, in letters and newspapers received dur ing the past week from Kingston, Ont., received news of the death of a cousin, Lieut. Calvin W Day, a young officer of the first Canadian contingent whose name was among those who fell on the battle field at Ypres in northern France. He was twenty-four years old and had just graduated as a Ph. D., when he en listed for service last August. D.H.MSMILLAN. VIC* PRESIDENT H.E FAY, ASST. CASHIER CAPITAL. '$90.000.0,0 NUMBER 43 School LANGDON L, bi'the Seniors, that the Juniors have begun to plan their ban quet. Plans are being made for a prelimi nary contest, to decide for a repre sentative for the declamation contest in Grand Forks. Friday of next week the seventh and eighth grades will be at home to their parents and friends, when they will give a program and exhibit all the work in art done this year. With the end of the last six weeks the seats were again changed for the last time. This time the students are seated according to the number o£ credits they have. Thus the seniors gain the back row. The track team, which consists of Marcus Smith, Llewellyn Row, Alex McLean and Arthur Robertson, leave for Fargo Friday, They will be ac companied by John Robertson, who has been acting as their coach. The team which goes to Grand Forks next week to represent Langdon in the track meet there is much larger. Friday night the third annual county fair was held in the gymna sium. Everything in the line ofi stunts was new, and all bigger and better than before. The parade was also very good. The $135 which was made proves that the people of Lang don appreciate the school county fairs. Last week was a very busy one for the whole school. The fourth, fifth and sixth grades entertained their parents and friends with a May pole dance. Owing to the damp weather it was held in the gymnasium instead of on the lawn as was planned. The program showed that there had been much work done by teachers and pupils. Friday of this week at 8 p. m. sharp, in the gymnasium, the first grades will put on the four act ope» etta entitled "Cinderella in Flower Land." Characters: Daisy—Majorie Dickson In Partnership With the Public No institution ie more closely dependent upon general conditions than is the bank. It the public prospers the bank prospers. Therefore the First National Bank is not en tirely unselfish when it does everything within its power to promote the general good of Lang don, You many times multiplied, are the public. By assisting you, as one of our deposi tors, we are able to assist the community. You are benefitted—the community is benefitted, and so are we. LANGDOWN.D. 1 Prince Sunshine—Jack Sylvester The Proud Sisters—Frances Bain Ruth Price All other pupils of the primary grades take part. Admission 25 and 15 cents. Everybody welcome. Open Tenders Wanted The board of supervisors of South Dresden township will receive bids for' the following jobs of road work at the hours and places stated below on Tuesday, June 1st, 1915: Between Sections 25 and 26, of South Dresden township at 9:30 o'clock in the forenoon. On the town line, between Section 25, in South Dresden township and' Section 30 of Langdon township, at the hour of 1:30 o'clock in the after noon. Between Sections 9 and 16, in South Dresden township, at the hour of 2:30 o'clock in the afternoon. Between Sections 19 and 20 in South Dresden township, at the hour of 3:30 o'clock in the afternoon The right is reserved by the Icai to reject any or all bids. The bidder to whom the contract for the work is awarded must furnish a satisfactory bond for the proper completion of the work. By Order of the Town Board: H. S. JOHANSEN, 43-45 Clerk. CB.MSMILLAN, PRKSIOKNT J. H. BAIN, CACHisn $20,000.00'