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SIOUX COUNTY PIOHEER
S: Owner, Publisher and Editor
Subscription Price $1.50 a Year
Application made for entry ss second
cIseb mail matter through the poatof
iice at ft. a tea, North Dakota.
A W E E N E W S A E
SIOUX COUNTY DIRECTORY
County Judge A. McO. Bande.
States Attorney'....Edward P. Johnson
Superintendent of Schools,.L. P. Hyde
County Commiseioners John A
Stiles, chairman John C. Leach, W.
'Register of Deeds Joseph Wells
Clerk of Court James Wells
T^easurWtV, Not yet predicted
In presenting the iirst iesue of the
Sioux County Pioneer, the publiolier
wishes to explain that the paper is gotten
out under circumstances that prevents
detailing the news of Pt. Yates and
Sioux county further than that which
has been previously published.
The undersigned, however, has a
completo printing outfit on the ground
and hopes to bo able to issue the paper
next week from the Pt. Yates oflice. I
am coming to Pt. Yates to take charge
of the paper peteonally, and expect to
make Sioux county, my future home.
My aim shall bo to give the people of
Sioux county, a livo weekly newspaper.
The puper will be enlarged and im
proved from time to time, consistent
with the pntronage accorded.
Soliciting the support of the business
internets. of Pt. Yates and citizens of
Sioux county, I am
Governor L. 13. Hanni recently issued
Ajiroclnpiation calling the attention of
the people of North Dakoto to the fact
(hat President Wilson has set October
4 as Peace Day and has asked all
people of the United States to pray on
that day to stop the terrible conflict
uoi* raging in Europe.
HUMAN SYSTEM NEEDS ONION
Odorous Vegetable Has Value Far Bo*
yond That of Drugs That Are
In Common Use.
Many people Imagine that to ex
press a liking for onions denotes a
'Vulgar taste, but this much despised
vegetable has many excellent quali
ties. It contains a large quantity of
nitrogenous matter and uncrystalllz
able sugar with a pungent sulphuric
Dll. If children were encouraged to
eat onions, many an lllneBS might be
prevented, and many a doctor's bill
saved. If baby has a cold, or seems
croupy, frequent doses of onion syrup
will give wonderful relief. The syrup
is obtained by cutting the onion into
Bllces, and covering each with brown
sugar, and putting one on the top ol
another In a basin.
In a sick room you cannot have a
better disinfectant than the onion. It
has a wonderful capacity for absorb
ing germs a dish of sliced onions
placed in a sick room will draw away
the disease they must be removed as
soon as they lose their odor and be
come discolored, and be replaced by.
fresh ones. For those who can take
them, a raw onion eaten Just before
retiring.Is very beneficial—It acts as
tonic to the nervous system, purifies
the blood, helps digestion, and very
often prevents Insomnia. —Family
AFFECTIONS OF THE NERVES
Forms of Neurasthenia Are Many, But
All Curable When Attended
To In Time.
Neurasthenia, or nervous prostr*
tion, has so many forms and so many
causes that It Is one of the most pus
sling diseases a physician can be
called upon to treat. No general rules
can be given, each case having to be
bandied on Its own merits. It calls for
a psychologist rather than a phyal
Some of tbe many well defined
forms that neurasthenia takes have re
celved names of their own. Among
these are agoraphobia, which shows
Itself In fright when in crowded
places monophobia, or dread of being
alone claustraphobia, or fear of con
fined places anthrophobia, or horror
of society batophobia, or dread of
things telling from above siderodro
mophobia, or fright at traveling on a
railroad train. Then there are the
forms of mental rumination In whicb
there is a ceaseless flow of ideas. The
brain Is so abnormally active that it
produces Insomnia. Arithmomanla Is
the form In which the sufferer eountl
Incessantly and cannot stop.
411 are curable If takes la tint*
Judge Bede cf Hekton wsb a Yates
visitor last week.
The agency school opened for the
coming term on the 7th. •,
A chioken pie supper with cards,
music., wa9 heid in the Forester Hall
last Priday. Oh. you chicken.
Hoatcanson and James Turner pur
cheeed the Pord from Lewis Endres.
Mr. Endres bought a new car in Lem
nion last week.
The house of tho old officers' row
which was formerly occupied by Mr.
Khinubart was bought at auction on the
10th by Mr. Hoakanson.
The many friends of Mrs. E. C. Wit
^leben regret to learn that Bbe had a
sudden relapse last week and is now
lying in a very critical condition at the
St. Alexius hospital in Bismarck.
Mrs. J. M, Carignan drove to Mc
Laughlin last week with her mother,
Mfe.Schubert who has been visiting the
Carignan family during the summer.
Master Charles accompanied her as far
aa St. Paul where he will attend school
during the winter.
Those who attended the dance at
McLaughlin last week were, James
Turner, Frank Flake, Miss Lauia Fiske
and Miss Marguerite Carignan. They
report a very fine time and are loud in
their praises of the hospitality of the
Carl Fletcher who was formerly
teacher in charge of Indian Day school
No. i, near Cannonball, was transferred
to Bullhead, S. D., with the opening of
the term which commenced September
Sth. It is understood that the schools
on the reservation will close the week of
the Ft. Yates fair. The fair commences
(Written For Last Week)
The Commercial club held a spirited
meeting Wednesday evening.
Johu Keeler and family are visiting
relatives on the Rosebud this week.
Mr. and Mrs. Parker went to Mandan
on business the forepart of the week.
Mr. Eugene Means and family are
visiting relatives at their home at Pine
Benjamin White, secretary of the fair
association reports that preparations
a a a
fair next week. The Hon. Cato Sells,
commissioner of Indian affairs, has
promised to attend. He is enthusiasti
cally in favor of these fairs and in a
recent long communication to superin.
tendents of reservations ho has outlined
a very comprehensive and sensible plan
for the ultimate good of the Indian.
The Indian, department seems to be
really working along progressive lines
for the advancement of the Indian and
it is to be hoped that something tangible
will result from its efforts.
baen organized with
Fort Yates as the temporary county
seat. It is generally conceded that this
wise and beneiicient move as the
county should take
prosperity and establish itself among
the other commonwealths an a county
of importance. In designating Ft.
Yates as the county seat, Governor
Hanna did not take into consideration
the exact geographical center of the
county as being essentially the most
defirable location. It was the business
center of the county that ho bad in
mind when he named Pt. Yates. And
bo long as the government maintained
its headquarters here it will continue to
be tho business center of the reservn*
tion. Also this point will be in direct
communication with the capital of the
state. We think that no better place
could have been picked.
Report ol the condition of
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
of Yate«. at Yates, in the Slate of North Dakota,
at the clone of buainewt, Sept. 12, 1914.
Loans and Discounts $ 48
Due from approved Reserve Agents...
in ceutral Reserve Cities 887,91 in other
Reserve Cities 6S31.01
Overdrafts, secured and unsecured... fig 77
U. S. Bonds to secure circulation 6 200 00
Bauking house, Furniture and Fix
tures 2 066 46
Other Real Estate owned 2 OoO DO
Due from National Banks (not re
serve affent8) 1 605 IS
Due from State and Private Banks
and Bankers, Trust Companies, and
Check* and other Cash Items 40 («J
Notes of otlier National Banks 590 00
Fractional Paper Curnncy, Nickies
and Cents 52 41
Lawful Money Reserve in Bank, viz:
Specie .$ 1 747 in
Legal-lender notes 1 070 00 2 817 2}
Redemption fund with V. S. Treas
urer 15 per cent of circulation) 313 00
Expenses, interest and Taxes paid
overUndividrd profits 075 ft]
Capital Stock paid in........ $ 25 000 00
Kurplus fund 2 500 00
Undivided Profits, lesi Expenses and
National Bank notes outstanding 6 200 00
Individual deposits subject to check 27 260 76
Demand certificates of deposit
Time certificate a of deposit payable
within 30 days I 902 00
Time certificates of deposit payable
after 30 days or after notice of 30
davs or longer.....^. 9 668
Cashiers checks outstanding
Total 72 501 36
State of North Dakota, County of Morton—ss.
I. A. ColvIUe. Cashier of the above named
bank, do solemnly swear that the above state
ment is true to tha beat o( my knowledge and
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 16th
day of Sept, 1914.
Henry J, Davis.
My commission expires Sept. 3,1916.
I. Treacy M.
V,Y1 *v /»-¥*"•4' -jfAwg*
DANGER OF BLIND STAGGER9
Kansss Experiment 8tatlon Finds Oli
ease Caused by Poison In Mold
end Filth on Corn ears.
Information coming from widely
separated places show that the corn
ear worm is causing Injury and death
to farm animals by infecting them
and giving them blind staggers. Fol
lowing Is an extract from an article
in Farm and Fireside:
For five or six years occasional out
breaks of blind staggers In horses
have attracted attention. During thia
time the Kansas experiment station
has been making an experimental
study of this disease. and its origin.
Its exact cause is still only partially
understood, but enough has been
learned to place the blame safely on
poison in the mold and flltb found
on ears damaged by the corn-ear
The eggs of the adult insect caus
ing this trouble are laid in the husks
of the young ear. After hatching the
ear-Worm, burrows through the soft
young kernels, leaving its filth,
which, with the escaping Juices of
the corn, furnishes the best possible
medium for the development of the
seed mold and putrid decay. Suffi
cient of this poisonous material re
mains in the corncobs and corn to
cause a gradual poisoning of the
horses consuming any considerable
quantity of the damaged corn.
The loss of horses in Kansas and
a number of other, states from blind
staggers has been found to be uncut"
able, even by a skilled veterinarian,
unless the treatment Is begun early.
TO REINFORCE A DOUBLETREE
Can Be Made of Oak Boards With
Piece of Metal Between Them—
Hold Strongest Team.
reinforced doubletree can be made
of two one-inch oak boards with a
piece of metal, A, between them, The
metal should be about 3-16-inch thick.
All three pieces should be cut and
shaped alike and riveted together.
The singletrees are made |n the same
manner. They are not difficult to
make and will hold the strongest team,
besides outlasting a dozen ordinary
SOWING SEEDS TOO THICKLY
Practice Should Be Discouraged aa
Overcrowding Undermines Cultl
vatlon of Plants.
(By W. R. GILBERT.)
Thick sowing must be guarded
against. Each seed should have room
to grow without crushing or injuring
Over-crowding undermines the culti*
vatlon of plknts at the start and it is
long before, if ever, they outgrow it.
Of course, small plants or seeds may
be sown more thickly than the larger
ones, but relatively they ought really
not to be sown thicker.
Each plant should have sufficient
room to develop its coyledons and one
leaf before It Is thinned or pricked
Every year vegetable crops are much
injured by being
too thickly and
perhaps it Is hardly too much to affirm
that most gardeners would be the
gainers were only half the seed sown
that there is now.
As to what to sow the seed In, the
lighter the seed bed the better.
FeW seeds will vegetate in a lower
temperature than 40 degrees and in
the range of 20 degrees all seeds will
Cause of "White Comb.!*
"White comb" In fowls is caused by
decayed food, impure water and over
crowding in dark and filthy houses.
There is a scurfy appearance to the
comb and wattles, head and neck, with
a gradual loss of feathers from the,
head and neck. Treatment consists in
removing to clean quarters and giving
wholesome food. At night give a tea
spoonful of castor oil, after which add
dally a teaspoonful of good condition
powder to the soft food, and anoint
the bead and afflicted parts with vas
eline. The castor oil need only bo
Egg-Laying. Contest, t[-' 1
Egg laying contests are now being
carried on in many Btates of the union,
and they are serving as an excellent
stimulus to the utility side of the
poultry industry. While they neverj
have and never will prove that one
breed or variety is superior to ail,
other*, they do prove conclusively that
careful breeding in certain strains or
families of fowls increase the egg pro
duction away above tbe average, and
thus boosts the returns to even larger
r^ :»For Quick Orowth.
Every element required for quick
growth and full development in pul
lets Is found In milk, oatmeal, ehapped
clover and bran, and In such well-bal
anced proportions that the digestive
organs will not be overtaxed In any
Sheep Fertiliser.- f1"
On htylsides where coarser animal
waste would hardly stick long enough
the ground any good sheep
droppings take the place of a sp»
dally prepared fertilizer.
FOR MILK PRODUCTION
Getting Largest Yield at Least
Expense Is Problem.
Adaptability of tho Cows Used ind
Amount and Kind of Food. Sup
plied Are Factors That Must
Be Wisely Considered.
(By C. H. ECKLES.)
There are two factors which largely
control the economical production of
milk. One is the adaptability of the
cows used for this purpose and de
pends upon her individual breed char,
acteristics. The other is the amount
and kind of food eaten. The' problem
confronting the dairyman is the pro
duction of the largest amount of milk
and butter at the least expense. In
order that this may be realized both
the important factors mentioned must
receive careful attention.
In most cases the largest direct ex
pense is for feed. Everyone familiar
with the prevailing conditions knows
that a large amount of teed is used
without producing the results It
should. It would be safe to say that
the average yearly milk production
per cow could be Increased by one-half
or three-fourths by following better
methods of feeding.
Every owner of a cow welcomes the
time when the animal can bo turned
out to pasture. Not only Is the labor
.Excellent Milk Type.
jand. expense connected with winter
leedlng.done away with, but each cow
expected to give the beBt results of
the year on grass. In changing from
dryfeed to grass.lt Is best to go
somewhat slowly, especially with
heavy milking cows. The young, im
mature grass of early spring contains
a large amount of water and a small
amount of dry matter, and it is almost
Impossible for a heavy milking cow to
eat enough of such feed to supply the
necessary amount of nutrients. Wheat
and rye pastures are of the same na
ture. Another reason for putting cat*
tie on pasture gradually rather than
suddenly is the effect on the taste of
tbe milk. When a cow is changed at
once from a grain ration to grass a
very marked taste is developed In the
milk, while if this change in feed is
made gradually and not suddenly the
change in the taste of thfe milk Is
Soon after the cows are dn pasture
they reach the maxmum production of
milk for the year. This suggests what
the dairyman must do in order that
the production of milk may be the
largest. Is to imitate these summer
conditions as far as possible through*
out the remainder of the year. This
Is what, the careful dairyman and
skilled feeder doeB, and the repulta
correspond closely to the success with
which these summer conditions are
maintained. The summer conditions
which bring about the maximum pro
duction and which are to be main
tained as far as possible through this
year as described in the following
1. An abundance of palatable food.
2. Balanced ration.
8. Succulent, feed.
5. Comfortable surroundings]
There is some difference of opinion
regarding grain feeding while on pas.
ture from'the standpoint of economy.
V. The good cow deserves to be kept
|n comfortable surroundings.
A constant Income Is one of the
great advantages of dairying.
There Is constant Improvement in
the land where cows are kept.
Cleanliness Is absolutely essential
In °!the, production of good milk.
And tfie'dairy business develops fer
tillty of the brain as well as of the
Lookout for those cold rains .put
the cows up. This applies to calves
Feeding mtisty hay to milk cows Is
not economy. Better let the young
stock have It.
The Silo makes It possible for the
'tenner to have a green feed ration
the year eround.
Even when the cows are fed a full
ration of soiling crops they should
have some grain.
There is no good argument against
having plenty of light In the cow sta
ble, but many for It
__ S jW
1 J" i1
V1 A 'H ft" 1 ,1 1
County Seat of
New Sioux Co.
Splendid Business and In»
vestment Opportunities in
a new County Seat town in
Western Nortk Dakota*
nesjl arid Resi
Sale at Reasonable
Prices and Terms
Also Improved and
Wild Farm Lands for
Sfl ihJ -i '$
-T .... I#* .« I I .*•»« i.
H, Treacy, Sec^Tj
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