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Fv* JI* J- /J dtetet&& z* -y t. *.*• S ai sV^-c* 0, *c? «a I successful]. y-V f?*" *c •Jt Jte8 !l J I*' *'r\ s*r c* iX A I ff f^^SlS #v 1/ I VJ' I •A gSfSSf4 -V «44lA£t ,.»* «%Sv'C *•.,•:'• «&. :•.-' ?J t# fe -v' 1,4 tj-s^ n5-i a*"-* «*r. l- & VOLUME 6. Organize Local Post Of American Legioiil Post Will be Named in Honor of our Firat Hero, Albert Grass The first state convention of the North Dakota Legion will be held at Bismarck, Oct. 16 and 17. Every post will be represented by at least one delegate. Each polt is entitled to one delegate and one additional delegate for every 50 paid up members. Here delegates to the national convention at Min neapolis, .Nov. 10 and 11, will be named. '.** "V =R Forty-Fir# Hunting Issued Here Jv» County Auditor A. O. Olson re ports that tyut forty-five hunting licenses were sold in Sioux County up to Sept )6th the opening of the hunting season. REPOBT or TBB CONDITION OF Ho. Mi The First State Bank of Fort Yates At Fort Yates, In the SMte of North Dakota at the oloM of biutnew Sept. 12th. IMS. BBSOUKCBB Loma and dUeoanta uz Overdrafts. Meare4 and umaeured... Warraat8, stoeks tax oertUoates. claims, ete Llbi'tyBoniU.... Banldmr house, furniture and Hitures Other Steal state IndlvMoM depoidut subject County ofBioux *i SaU 1 A local post, here at Fort Yates, of the American Legion, named in honor of Albert Grass, the first boy from here to die on the battle field, and composed of all the veterans of the Great War in Sioux County and vicinity, is soon to be a reality if the efforts'now being made by some of Fort Yates' returned soldiers are '4% Organise during Fair J. R. Harmon, County treasurer, has already written the Htate Sec retary, J. P. Williams, Fargo, N. D., making application and asking for definite information as to just what steps must be taken in the organisation of a local post. It is expected that everything will be in readiness so that the actual organic ation may be perfected some time during the Fair, when a large pro* -portion of Bioux County's returned soldiers will be present. T!mMG.A.R." of this War The American Legion is an or ganisation of returned soldiers which corresponds to the G. A. R. oftheoivil war. Already it has assumed nation-wide proportions. There seems to have teen no pre meditated aim behind its initial fbrwatioirTlilw^flfcp^ grew." Then ate now 56 posts or* ganised in this state and more in theprocessof organisation. 6 111 7ft 1.635 00 4.«0IO Current eitfnns, taxes paid, over un dlrtdedSyKnw.... 1.IS3 99 Due from other banks li.W« Cheeks and other cash Items 1 Cash S.t&S #7 18,(08 18 Total 91.839 09 _^ LIABIUTIBS Capital stock paid In....... 110.(00 00 Surplus fund Dndlv Undivided profits, lew expenwes and taxM Mid 1.000 Ott 4- to cheok rttW 41 Guaranty fnnddeposit........ 'fime certificates of deposit.. 9,080 It Savings Deposits... Cashiers eheaks ouuitandlnir. 1,987 S9 Due to ether banks 74,09 09 B»tes and Mils re-discounted... Us payable Certttlcate of Depo*lt.. ft.000 00 Total....... 98,089 99 State of North Dakota 11 1 i, P. J. Jaoobnon. eoshler of the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the above state ment If true, to the best of my knowledge and belief. P. J. JacotMon Cashier. Sulworfted and sworn to before me thtolTth daj of aept.. 19I& A. lleO.'Beede. County Judge, Sioux County Uorreot Attest:— P. J. Jawobmn "-t 5? 4 v* 4 t' -n General Scott Arrives Here Wednesday Afternoon As previously mentioned in tne Pioneer, General Hugh L. Scott arrived here yesterday on an inspection tour of the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. General Scott comes here as a member of the Board of Indian Affairs. Details of this historic visit will be published next week. Appointed Head of. 'J 'Roosevelt Memorial J. M. Carignan Sr. has been appointed head of the Roosevelt Foresters Elect Officers At a regular meeting of the Catholic order of Foresters, Stand ing Rock Court, No. 1644, Saturday evening, new officers were elected for the coming year and three new members were taken in-'to the or ganisation.:- The new officers are: Chief Rang er, J. M. Carignan Jr. Vice Rang er, Benjamin White Recording Secretary, Louis Endres Financial Secretary, Chas. B. Carignan Treasurer, J. R. Harmon Delegate, Leo Keogh Speaker, Herbert Buf falo boy. The new members in itiated were: Frank Fisk, Mike Wilkieand Bernard Huse, ~r After the meeting- refreshments were served, some fine watermel ons having be^en brought in by John Helt. By- some exploration with a spade, alheJtraeed the foundations of a large hearth, twelve yards lt\ diameter, and a number of heaps of cinders, slag aad on and she also turned up spec imens of B6man tiles, with pottery, slag and hematite. The size of the hearth of the Forest How bloomery marks It as quite different from the ordinary north-country medieval Iron furnaces, which run from seven to nine or-ten feet In diameter^ for the one Just found Is twelve yards .screes This appears to be worth "farther e» ptaritiM and prebably assay V*" ^i$\ •t'&f ®»tlu 1 1 memorial for this county. _* Mr. Carignan left Tuesday for Mandan where a special meeting of all the county chairmen of the memorial is being' held. Agency School Opens The Agency School opened last Monday with all teachers secured and an attendance of but eighty of the two hundred which it is expect ed will spon be enrolled. The faculty consists of E. 0. Witsleben. Principal Miss Fannie Williams, advanced room Mrs. Glover, third grade Mrs. Frank Fisk, second grade and Sister Rha bana, primary room. The only new teacher is Mrs. Glover, of Yan ton, S. D. Under the new ruling of the In dian Office no pupil can leave school until he has completed all thfl grades offered by the school he is attending. Formerly the pupil could leave for another school after he had completed the fourth grade. MS 1 REMAINS OF ROMAN SMELTER Intensely Interesting Discovery Said to Have Been Made in the (forth of England. A lady member of the Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian so ciety of England has had the good for tune to discover what Is believed to be a Roman bloomery, or ancient smelt teg furnace. Her attention was drawn to the place by the work of moles, wMch recently exposed some of the renalns, and again later by the burn ing of Hie whins formerly concealing the hearth and other features of the bloomery, near Forest How. erf f*? Ergal Nrampaprr Mcintosh Glob»£hief Sept. 11 Fred Ginther, one of the Mor ristown bankers, was looking after business maters here the later part of the week. Wm. Holm was in the county seat Monday from Watauga. The Wautauga team will play the Mc Laughlin aggregation here next Fri day and Billy says he is bringing a ball team down that will make an interesting game. Geo. Anderson was a business visitor in the county seat Tuesday. Geo. made final proof before T. A. Finnegan on a quarter section of land near Watauga, He returned a few weeks ago from France where he spent over a year with the A. E. F. People of Mcintosh and vicinity will have an opportunity to hear the League of Nations discussed pro and con at the local opera house on, Friday evening, Sept 19th. The speakers are: Lieut. Leslie Morse who is still in the service but will soon be discharged, and Mr. Lun deen who was discharged from the army in April upon his return from France. Lieut. Morse speaks in favor of the League and Mr. Lun deen will speak against it. Both men are college graduates and sen ior law students both" have repre sented the University of Minnesota in intercollegiate debate against Iowa and Illinois University. .. .,,, r.W McLaughlin' Messenger^ Sept. 12 Mr. and Mrs. Joe Mrs. Taylor wer/t to Monday with two of children who enrolled in the Agen cy boarding school. "v tot Ms* «qnof« Trfil bt found, '-v.- .'V,,.. 1 *, 4- J. -v. ffabttafpft v*v SFORT YATKS, SIOUX COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, SEPT. 18. 1919 NEWS OF THREE COUNTIES Marsh and Fort Yates the latters McLaughlin gets the next annual convention of the Congregational Sioux Indian Society. The dateB will be fixed by the committee and it will be held the latter part of August or the first of September, next year, at Little Oak Creek, eight miles south of McLaughlin. The following changes were made by the state tax commission in the assessment for Carson coun ty as equalized by the county board: Cows raised 5 per cent cattle one year and under raised 10 per cent cattle two years and under three raised 5 percent cattle three years and over lowered 5 per cent sheep raised 10 per cent steam and gas tractors raised 10 per cent. Two eighteen year old boys, one of whom was recently paroled from the North Dakota Reform school at Mandan, Monday stole an auto mobile belonging to a book sales man who hud left his car at the home of R. C. Kinsey a few miles above the state line in North Dako ta. The boy a made I heir way to Khame, on the Yellowstone Trail west of here, where the car over I turned. They then went to town, where both were placed under ar rest by the local authorties who [had been notified to be on the look jout. I Shields Enterprise Sept.' 11 I Frank. T. Lcmhke, of Elgin, the newly appointed Judge of the sixth district, was a Shields caller Ttun»-: day. Judge Lembke is undecided as yet where his judical chamber*! will be located, but believes it will bf rftjhrr at Mott 9? Bowman, j*K. In fttonx (Somttu. Jfortlf Baknta 4 vpf- Interesting Items Gleaned from our Exchanges in Sioux, Grant and Corson Counties 4 -fcr4 Dan Panko, who left with Co F. of the Second North Dakota regi ment for the war zone, returned Monday evening after an absence of two years overseas service. Mr. Paiiko was in some of the fiercest battles of the war. He was wound ed once and reported dead he was gassed and covered up twice. He returns feeling fine and pays he is glad to be home again. i. A. Prescott, of 8teele, deputy state game warden, was a visitor hen last week, called to investigate ruibor that two traveling men killed a couple of prairie chickens and had them cooked at a locaj eat ing-house. The Shields district schools will opeii Monday, Sept. 16th, for the fall iuid winter terms. The board has decided to use the church base menjt for one of the grades, instead of tljie playroom of the school house. Contractor Carson is busy making the nSw room in shape, and as the fixtures are here, the board expects no delay in opening this room. Selfridge Journal Sept. 11 John Gaton of Cannonball is here this week looking after hid thresh ing interests, having considerable acreage of grain in on shares with different parties. Mr. Gayton vis its Selfridge quite often to see how our town is progressing and to look after the sale of lots in his Addition on the west side of the track. M. Bayer of Dickinson, this state, arrived here Tuesday to take charge of the Selfridge Equity Ex change elevator as grain buyer and is already into the harness and on the job. Mr. Bayer has been em ployed in the same capacity at Gladstone, N. D., for the past seven years and fully understands his business. Two of Mr. and Mrs. B. L. SmeBtad's little children, Bernard and Irene, are on the sick list this week, necessitating the calling of Dr. Bennett for consultation and medical attendance. Both of them have severe attacks of tonsilitis, and little Bernard is also alflicted with dropsy. It is hoped by their many friends that they will soon recover. Hadnt Seemed to Work. An oldish man In rusty-brown clothes and with a rusty-brown beard met up v-ith a pin. It was shining sharply bright on a flagging, and he stopped to pick It up. He had stilt Joints and his Angers were In that state Informally known as hungly. So he had trouble picking up the pin. A young man paused to offer his services, but the old one refused. He Jtist grunted and grumbled until at last victory came his way. Then he straightened up his rickety Joints and put a hand on his back. *Tm hot as young as I used to be," he admitted, as genially as his Joints would allow. "But you know the old saying: '"See a pin and let It lay, youH have bad luck all the day. See a pin and pick It up and you are sure to have food luck.' "8«rl never pass one by." t. And yet he didn't look as lucky as man ought to be. who had made a life hnMt of picking up plns^-WllSk I Probably Planned it in the Trenches Returns from the army one day and elopes the next is the record which Tommy De Rockbraine of Bullhead is said to have made. The cause of it all is Josephine Hnwk. Tom my is the son of Antoine De Rockbraine and one or the popular young Indians of the Bullhead country. Wins from the where he of cattle, Pete Engel returned Twin Cities Wednesday, went with a shipment and while (here had the pleasure of spending a day at the Minnesota State Fair. Loyd Solmon went to Mobridge pesdayjrhere he found it neces sary to go to have his hand treated for blood poisoning which has ter minated from a bruise while plav ing baseball some time ago, Replevin Case Common Law The case of replevin brought by J. G: Swanson againsf J. F. Teeter, joth of Selfridge, was decided last Friday by Justice of the Peace, Thomas Short, in favor of Mr, iwanson, who as a skilled artinan lad repaired Mr. Teeter's auto at a cost of 842.30. Tne Plaintiff, Mr. Swanson, filed no lien for this claim, but claimed that this special kind of lien is good without filing, since it is a lien at Common Law as well as by Statute. The Defendant claimed, on the other hand, that the Plaintiff had no claim to the car and no right to take it by replevin unless a lien was actually Bled. Evidently the Court in deciding the case considered that the lien is good at Common Law, regardless of the matter of filing, so long ax the auto had not been sold to nn innocent purchaser. The Judge said. "I believe a man who works is entitled to his pay. I always .manage to get pay for my work and 1 want to see every man do the same.. The possession of the car is awarded to Swanson." The replevin action was brought in accordance with the opinion of the State's Attorney that the Plain tiff had a right to the the possess ion of the car till the repairs were paid for. L. C. Broderick of Man dan appeared as attorney for the Defendant. Mr. Swanson, having no attorney, was assisted by A. Mc G. Beede FIND STEAMER LONG BURIED Dredging Operations In the Mersey Disclose Remains of Vessel That Had Been Forgotten. For some time past the Mersey docks and harbor board has been con ducting dredging operations In the neighborhood of the Burbo bank, one of the huge accumulations of sand which Impede the navigation of the Mersey etatrance, and these have re sulted In a "And" of remarkable In terest. It Is the remains of a steamer which have evidently been embedded for generations. Her date Is long ante rior to that of iron shipbuilding. Of sound English oak ware her timbers and framing, to which circumstances doubtless Is due ttie fact that they still retain cohesion and shape, and have so wonderfully resisted the forces of decay as. to supply an abundant quantity of material for the souvenir manufacturer. Her beams, In point of fact, are described as being as f'hard as iron." The machinery has practically per ished, but the engine bed-plates and the funnel remain, and relics of pot tery and other articles are plentiful. The vessel, cleared of superabundant sand, Is not only visible, but accessible at low water, and has been visited and examined by many interested people. The prevailing opinion Is that she Is the William Husklsson, a paddle' ateamer belonging to the City of Dub-1 lln company, and trading between Liv-! erpool and the Irish capital, which on the 12th of January, l&iO, was wreck ed on her passage to the Mersey. She had 120 passengers on board, of whom 95 were rescued by the ship Hudders Held, and the remainder perished. Captain Clegg of the Huddersfleld subsequently received handsome pres entations from the citizens of Liver pool In recognition of his good work.— Otitodlaa I Right en the Job. "Uncle Sam la no bully, bat he can take care of himself." -Ehr "When they chocked rocks at his ptag bat they soon found him In a fn§di helnjet."—Kansas city Journal ft™ %. fr 1 NUMBER 52 Over $8,000 of Delinquent Taxes, Milwaukee and Northern Pacific Delinquent for Greater Half The total amount of last year's delinquent taxes in Sioux County, second treasurer's notices of which were sent out Monday, amounts to $7492.19. Tft this a penalty of $816.63 has been added, making a total of 88308.82 due the the coun cy. The greater share of these de* linquent taxes are due front the Milwaukee and Northern Pacific railways, the payment of which is still a matter for the "court to de cide. Including" penalty, the a mount due from the Milwaukee is $2283 14, and from the Northern Pacific, 82541.17. The other per sonal taxes which are delinquent amount with penalty to but 83484.51. STOOD FOR HUMAN LIBERTY Jean Jacques Rousseau Had Right Conception'of Conditions That Made for Freedom. Prof. Kenneth ColegroVe of Syra cuse university declares that world de mocracy Is the sole basis of world peace. Writing In the World's Work he saya: In the year 1713, when the ambnssa*. dors of the European powers were en gaged at the congress of Utrecht In bringing to a close the War of the Spanish Succession, the Abbe de Saint Pierre was writing the final pages of,, his little treatise called 'the "Frojcct for Perpetual Peace." He proposed Confederation of the kings and-prlnces "flf Europe, with a congress or diet ofs ambassadors where all disputes be tween the different states should bo,v settled by arbitration, and where gen eral rules should be adopted from time to time for the purpose of promoting, the pence and welfare of each and every realm. Rousseau criticized the abbe's plan, declaring It contained one flaw, a flaw which vitiated the other wise noble plan. He believed thnt a confederation of European states could never be formed so long as kings and princes ruled. For the es sence of kingship was nothing else than the passion to extend Its domin ion without and Its absolutism within and no plan of confederation, Rous seau was convinced, would ever be able to quench the old flres of rivalry,, and despotism. But even If a general alliance of European monarchs were possible, It was manifestly Impossible to guarantee princes against the revolt of their people unless at the same time subjects were given a guaranty agnlnst the tyranny of their rulers. In launch ing this latter criticism against the abbe's project the author of the "So cial Contract" foresaw the contingency of the Holy' Alliance of 1815, when the .' autocrats of Europe called (he Indivls- Ible Trinity to witness that, as broth era of the same family, they would de I fend the doctrine of the divine right ot I kings against the contradiction of rev olutlon wherever It should appear, Yet more trenchant was the criti cism of Voltaire. "The peace Imag ined by the Abbe de Saint-Pierre," said the philosopher of Fernay, "Is a chi mera which could no more subsist be tween princes than between elephants and rhinoceroses, or between wolves and dogs. Carnivorous animals rush to attack each other on all occasions." The "Project for Perpetual Peace," ac cording to Voltaire, was not absurd in Itself, but In the manner of Its pro posal. There would always ne 'A I 4$ I si \'X I $ rrr.n of ambition and conquest, untK peoDip learned that It was only a small Rub ber of generals and ministers who profited thereby. Oxen Again Beasts of Burden. The ox as a beast of burden Is com ing Into Its own agalii In the farming communities of the state, according to a dispatch from Lewiston, Me., and the oxsling and apparatus used by blacksmiths In shoeing the animals, long ago thrown Into the discard, is In use again. The sling consists of a rude frame of timber Into which the nnlmnl is fastened by a pillory. Straps are then drawn under the body, the ends being made fast to upper timbers of the frame. In blacksmith shops 20 years ago the slings were common. Oxen are less expensive to feed tlinn horses and are equally as useful on snmll farms, and the rising value of feed Is having nuV tt do with the couj.'bock of the a work animal. Vv.' •fx.. -s. *v 4f* "#s --1 '/j- 1S"* -s* w-/ ^n8.